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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917186/compounds-isolated-from-eriobotrya-deflexa-leaves-protect-against-ultraviolet-radiation-b-induced-photoaging-in-human-fibroblasts
#1
Chung-Yu Huang, Yi-Tzu Lin, Hsiang-Chun Kuo, Wen-Fei Chiou, Mei-Hsien Lee
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation leads to skin photoaging because of the upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and downregulation of type I collagen and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. Eriobotrya deflexa (Hemsl.) Nakai (Rosaceae) is a flowering plant endemic to Taiwan, and its leaves have been used as an expectorant and in antitussive folk remedy. Our previous studies have demonstrated that an E. deflexa leaf extract functions as a free radical scavenger. The current evaluated the antiphotoaging effect of partitioned fractions and specific compounds from the leaves of E...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906033/collagen-peptides-modulates-the-metabolism-of-extracellular-matrix-by-human-dermal-fibroblasts-derived-from-sun-protected-and-sun-exposed-body-sites
#2
Vivian Zague, Jonatas Bussador do Amaral, Paula Rezende Teixeira, Evandro Luis de Oliveira Niero, Camila Lauand, Glaucia Maria Machado-Santelli
Clinical data published in recent years has demonstrated positive effects of collagen hydrolysate (CH) on skin aging clinical signs. CH use as food supplement has a long history; however, few studies have addressed the underlying purpose of CH on the cellular and molecular biology of skin cells that could elucidate clinical improvement findings. Wide diversity of characteristics has been reported for dermal fibroblasts derived from different body sites and it is unknown whether collagen peptides could modulate differently cells from chronological aged and photoaged skin areas...
September 14, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902035/small-particle-hyaluronic-acid-gel-treatment-of-photoaged-hands
#3
Eric C Wilkerson, David J Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Aging hands tend to lose subcutaneous volume resulting in prominence of the underlying vessels, tendons, and bone contributing to an aged appearance. Dermal fillers have been successfully used to improve the appearance of the aging dorsal hand. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a small-particle hyaluronic acid (SPHA) injectable gel for the treatment of photoaged volume loss of the hands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an open-label, prospective, randomized, interventional, study...
September 4, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900534/resveratrol-enriched-rice-attenuates-uvb-ros-induced-skin-aging-via-downregulation-of-inflammatory-cascades
#4
Lalita Subedi, Taek Hwan Lee, Hussain Mustatab Wahedi, So-Hyeon Baek, Sun Yeou Kim
The skin is the outermost protective barrier between the internal and external environments in humans. Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a major cause of skin aging. UVB radiation penetrates the skin and induces ROS production that activates three major skin aging cascades: matrix metalloproteinase- (MMP-) 1-mediated aging; MAPK-AP-1/NF-κB-TNF-α/IL-6, iNOS, and COX-2-mediated inflammation-induced aging; and p53-Bax-cleaved caspase-3-cytochrome C-mediated apoptosis-induced aging. These mechanisms are collectively responsible for the wrinkling and photoaging characteristic of UVB-induced skin aging...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895754/coenzyme-q10-and-retinaldehyde-co-loaded-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-for-efficacy-evaluation-in-wrinkles
#5
Kritika Nayak, Sameer S Katiyar, Varun Kushwah, Sanyog Jain
The present study depicts coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and retinaldehyde (RAL) co-loaded Nanostructured Lipid Carriers (NLCs); having activity on different targets of photoageing, which can overcome deficits of conventional topical dosage forms. The developed NLCs were characterized for particle size, polydispersity index, and % Entrapment efficiency, followed by their incorporation into Carbopol® 934P-NF gel. In vitro cellular uptake and cytotoxicity assay was performed to evaluate NLCs and in vivo study on UV induced wrinkle model to determine efficacy of NLCs...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887295/photoaging-mobile-apps-in-school-based-melanoma-prevention-pilot-study
#6
Titus Josef Brinker, Christian Martin Brieske, Christoph Matthias Schaefer, Fabian Buslaff, Martina Gatzka, Maximilian Philip Petri, Wiebke Sondermann, Dirk Schadendorf, Ingo Stoffels, Joachim Klode
BACKGROUND: Around 90% of melanomas are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and are therefore eminently preventable. Tanning behavior is mostly initiated in early adolescence, often with the belief that it increases attractiveness; the problems related to malignant melanoma and other skin cancers are too far in the future to fathom. Given the substantial amount of time children and adolescents spend in schools, as well as with their mobile phones, addressing melanoma prevention via both of these ways is crucial...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877312/effect-of-topical-fluorouracil-cream-on-photodamage-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Kaveri Korgavkar, Kachiu C Lee, Martin A Weinstock
Importance: Photoaging, which is premature skin aging caused by long-term UV exposure, is of aesthetic concern to many patients. Objective: To investigate the effect of topical fluorouracil, 5%, cream on photoaging using validated photonumeric scales. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Veterans Affairs Keratinocyte Carcinoma Chemoprevention Trial was a randomized clinical trial of 932 US veterans with a recent history of 2 or more keratinocyte carcinomas performed from September 30, 2011, through June 30, 2014, to assess the chemopreventive effects of a standard course of topical fluorouracil...
September 6, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873228/photodegradation-of-eumelanin-and-pheomelanin-and-its-pathophysiological-implications
#8
Shosuke Ito, Kazumasa Wakamatsu, Tadeusz Sarna
Eumelanin is photoprotective for pigmented tissues while pheomelanin is phototoxic. In this review, we summarize current understanding of how eumelanin and pheomelanin structures are modified by ultraviolet A (UVA) and also by visible light and how reactive oxygen species participate in those processes. Alkaline hydrogen peroxide oxidation was employed to characterize eumelanin and benzothiazole-type pheomelanin, giving pyrrole-2,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (PTCA) and thiazole-2,4,5-tricarboxylic acid (TTCA), respectively...
September 5, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867806/how-stress-treatments-influence-the-performance-of-biodegradable-poly-butylene-succinate-based-copolymers-with-thioether-linkages-for-food-packaging-applications
#9
Valentina Siracusa, Laura Genovese, Andrea Munari, Nadia Lotti
Biodegradable poly(butylene succinate) (PBS)-based random copolymers containing thioether linkages (P(BSxTDGSy)) of various compositions have been investigated and characterized from the gas barrier, thermal, and mechanical point of view, after food contact simulants or thermal and photoaging processes. Each stress treatment was performed on thin films and the results obtained have been compared to the same untreated film, used as a standard. Barrier properties with different gases (O₂ and CO₂) were evaluated, showing that the polymer chemical composition strongly influenced the permeability behavior...
August 30, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865110/the-effect-of-photodamage-on-the-female-caucasian-facial-stratum-corneum-corneome-using-mass-spectrometry-based-proteomics
#10
Rainer Voegeli, Jean-Marc Monneuse, Rotraut Schoop, Beverley Summers, Anthony V Rawlings
BACKGROUND: The effect of photodamage on facial stratum corneum (SC) is still poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To describe the SC proteome from tape strippings of Caucasian SC from photoexposed cheek and photoprotected post auricular (PA) site a global analysis of photodamage on the skin will be developed leading to a better understanding of keratinocyte signalling pathways and identification of new molecular targets for the treatment of photoaged skin. METHODS: Female Caucasian subjects had 9 consecutive tape strippings taken from their cheeks and PA site...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860083/fluorescence-spectroscopy-in-the-visible-range-for-the-assessment-of-uvb-radiation-effects-in-hairless-mice-skin
#11
Carolina de Paula Campos, Camila de Paula D'Almeida, Marcelo Saito Nogueira, Lilian Tan Moriyama, Sebastião Pratavieira, Cristina Kurachi
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation may induce skin alterations as observed in photoaging. Some recognized modifications are epidermal hyperplasia, amorphous deposition of degraded elastic fibers and reduction in the number of collagen fibers. They alter the tissue biochemical properties that can be interrogated by steady state fluorescence spectroscopy (SSFS). In this study, we monitored the changes in endogenous fluorescence emission from hairless mice skin during a protocol of photoaging using UVB irradiation. To perform the fluorescence spectroscopy, it was used a violet laser (408nm) to induce the native fluorescence that is emitted in the visible range...
August 28, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858927/clinical-and-histologic-evaluation-of-ingenol-mebutate-0-015-gel-for-the-cosmetic-improvement-of-photoaged-skin
#12
Marc Z Handler, Bradley S Bloom, David J Goldberg
BACKGROUND: No studies have examined the use of topical ingenol mebutate for improvement of photoaged skin. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical results of ingenol mebutate gel applied to photoaged skin and to quantify improvement at 7, 30, and 60 days after application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five subjects were enrolled in the study. Picato (ingenol mebutate) (LEO Pharma, Parsippany, NJ) gel was applied to an area with a known actinic keratosis daily for 3 days...
August 30, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858391/pterocarpus-santalinus-l-regulated-ultraviolet-b-irradiation-induced-procollagen-reduction-and-matrix-metalloproteinases-expression-through-activation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-and-inhibition-of-the-mapk-ap-1-pathway-in-normal-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#13
Wei Gao, Pei Lin, Eunson Hwang, Yushuai Wang, Zhengfei Yan, Hien T T Ngo, Tae-Hoo Yi
Ultraviolet light-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) damage human skin and prematurely cause aging. A growing body of research is focusing on considering plants and plant-derived compounds as anti-photoaging therapeutic material. Pterocarpus santalinus L., as an Indian traditional medicine, possesses antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. Here, we studied the anti-photoaging effects of ethanolic extract of P. santalinus L. heartwood (EPS) on ultraviolet radiation B (UVB)-irradiated normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs)...
August 31, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855068/in-vivo-confocal-raman-spectroscopy-for-intrinsic-aging-and-photoaging-assessment
#14
Livia de Vasconcelos Nasser Caetano, Thiago de Oliveira Mendes, Edileia Bagatin, Helio Amante Miot, Juliana Laudiceia Marques Soares, Milvia Maria Simoes E Silva Enokihara, Airton Abrahao Martin
BACKGROUND: In vivo confocal Raman spectroscopy is a non-invasive method to assess either the epidermis or the dermis composition. Few studies have focused on dermis collagen alterations through intrinsic aging and photoaging. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the in vivo Raman spectra from the dermis of a photoexposed site versus a non-photoexposed region in different age groups, and evaluated the correlation between peak intensities and age, photoaging score and the amount of collagen assessed with histology and high frequency ultrasound (HFUS)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852829/pal-12-a-new-anti-aging-hexa-peptoid-inhibits-uvb-induced-photoaging-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts-and-3d-reconstructed-human-full-skin-model-keraskin-ft%C3%A2
#15
Daeun Song, Hyeonji Park, Su-Hyon Lee, Mi Jung Kim, Eun-Joo Kim, Kyung-Min Lim
Peptoids are a class of peptidomimetics whose pharmacological activities are widely investigated owing to their remarkable biological stability. However, the utilities of peptoids as cosmetic functional ingredients have not been fully explored. Here, we investigated anti-aging effects of PAL-12, a new hexa-peptoid, on UVB-induced photoaging in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and a 3D reconstituted human full skin model, Keraskin-FT™. PAL-12 suppressed matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression induced by UVB irradiation along with the attenuation of MMP-1 secretion as determined by ELISA assay...
August 29, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849147/retinoic-acid-ameliorates-photoaged-skin-through-rar%C3%A2-mediated-pathway-in-mice
#16
Zhangjun Li, Xinwu Niu, Shengxiang Xiao, Huiqun Ma
Retinoic acid (RA), the bioactive metabolite of vitamin A, has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of photoaged skin; however, the mechanism of action of RA remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the therapeutic effects of RA on photoaged skin are mediated by retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and/or retinoid X receptor (RXR) in mice, and to investigate the underlying mechanism. Photoaged skin in Imprinting Control Region mice was induced by repeated exposure to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation...
August 23, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846936/a-new-in-vitro-assay-to-test-uvr-protection-of-dermal-extracellular-matrix-components-by-a-flat-spectrum-sunscreen
#17
S A Hibbert, P Costello, C O'Connor, M Bell, C E M Griffiths, R E B Watson, M J Sherratt
The efficacy of topical sunscreens is currently assessed by crude, costly and time consuming in vivo assays. We have previously demonstrated that components of the dermal extracellular matrix (ECM), rich in UV-absorbing amino acids, are susceptible to damage by solar simulated radiation (SSR) in vitro. Here we developed an in vitro method to test the ability of sunscreens to protect fibrillin-rich microfibrils (FRM) and fibronectin, key components of the dermal ECM from UV-induced damage. Solutions of FRM or fibronectin were irradiated without protection, in the presence of a vehicle or a commercially-available flat-spectrum sunscreen...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841823/-my-child-did-not-like-using-sun-protection-practices-and-perceptions-of-child-sun-protection-among-rural-black-african-mothers
#18
Zamantimande Kunene, Patricia N Albers, Robyn M Lucas, Cathy Banwell, Angela Mathee, Caradee Y Wright
BACKGROUND: Photodamage is partially mitigated by darker skin pigmentation, but immune suppression, photoaging and cataracts occur among individuals with all skin types. METHODS: To assess practices and acceptability to Black African mothers of sun protection equipment for their children living in a rural area, participants were recruited at the time of their child's 18-month vaccinations. Mothers completed a baseline questionnaire on usual sun behaviours and sun protection practices...
August 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833652/bateman-purpura-dermatoporosis-a-localized-scurvy-treated-by-topical-vitamin-c-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
P Humbert, F Fanian, T Lihoreau, A Jeudy, G E Pierard
BACKGROUND: Bateman purpura is characterized by diffuse senile skin atrophy, senile purpura and spontaneous stellar pseudo-cicatrices. Cutaneous changes in the course of aging have been related to lower levels of ascorbic acid into the dermis of elderly people. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we postulate that senile purpura could be linked to dermal vitamin C deficiency and could be corrected by topical administration of this vitamin. METHODS: A 12-weeks, hemi-member (forearm or leg), randomized double-blind comparative study, was conducted in 18 patients with Bateman purpura aged over than 60 years...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822991/aquatide-activation-of-sirt1-reduces-cellular-senescence-through-a-sirt1-foxo1-autophagy-axis
#20
Chae Jin Lim, Yong-Moon Lee, Seung Goo Kang, Hyung W Lim, Kyong-Oh Shin, Se Kyoo Jeong, Yang Hoon Huh, Suin Choi, Myungho Kor, Ho Seong Seo, Byeong Deog Park, Keedon Park, Jeong Keun Ahn, Yoshikazu Uchida, Kyungho Park
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is a relevant environment factor to induce cellular senescence and photoaging. Both autophagy- and silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1)-dependent pathways are critical cellular processes of not only maintaining normal cellular functions, but also protecting cellular senescence in skin exposed to UV irradiation. In the present studies, we investigated whether modulation of autophagy induction using a novel synthetic SIRT1 activator, heptasodium hexacarboxymethyl dipeptide-12 (named as Aquatide), suppresses the UVB irradiation-induced skin aging...
September 1, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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