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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531781/body-mass-index-kinetics-around-adiposity-rebound-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-control-study
#1
Rémi Neveu, Dorine Neveu, Edouard Carrier, Nadia Ourrad, Alain Perroud, Alain Nicolas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with parameters involved in body mass index (BMI) regulation. Contrary to obesity, BMI kinetics around the adiposity rebound is not documented in AN. This study aimed at investigating which characteristics of BMI kinetics around the adiposity rebound are associated with AN. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study with 101 inpatient women with AN onset after 10 years of age, and 101 healthy women, all free of overweight history and matched for age, level of education and fathers' socio-professional status...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531652/lessons-learned-using-a-values-engaged-approach-to-attend-to-culture-diversity-and-equity-in-a-stem-program-evaluation
#2
Ayesha S Boyce
Evaluation must attend meaningfully and respectfully to issues of culture, race, diversity, power, and equity. This attention is especially critical within the evaluation of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational programming, which has an explicit agenda of broadening participation. The purpose of this article is to report lessons learned from the implementation of a values-engaged, educative (Greene et al., 2006) evaluation within a multi-year STEM education program setting. This meta-evaluation employed a case study design using data from evaluator weekly systematic reflections, review of evaluation and program artifacts, stakeholder interviews, and peer review and assessment...
May 13, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530492/3d-printing-in-liver-surgery-a-systematic-review
#4
Jan Sylwester Witowski, Jasamine Coles-Black, Tomasz Zbigniew Zuzak, Michał Pędziwiatr, Jason Chuen, Piotr Major, Andrzej Budzyński
BACKGROUND: Rapid growth of three-dimensional (3D) printing in recent years has led to new applications of this technology across all medical fields. This review article presents a broad range of examples on how 3D printing is facilitating liver surgery, including models for preoperative planning, education, and simulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have performed an extensive search of the medical databases Ovid/MEDLINE and PubMed/EMBASE and screened articles fitting the scope of review, following previously established exclusion criteria...
May 22, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530430/subjective-social-status-life-course-ses-and-bmi-in-young-adulthood
#5
Matt Bradshaw, Blake Victor Kent, W Matthew Henderson, Anna Catherine Setar
OBJECTIVE: Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with many aspects of health and well-being, including body mass index (BMI). Most research in this area has focused on objective indicators of SES such as education and income, but recent work suggests that subjective social status (SSS) is also important. This study contributes to a growing body of research on SSS and BMI. METHOD: Data from Waves I and IV the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a study of 14,780 individuals followed from adolescence to young adulthood, were analyzed...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530314/-presentation-of-ocular-problems-among-displaced-persons-from-sudan-and-eritrea-at-the-tel-aviv-medical-center
#6
Roy Schwartz, Michaella Goldstein, Anat Loewenstein, Adiel Barak
INTRODUCTION: Illegal immigration from Africa to Israel expanded in recent years, bringing illegal immigrants, mostly from Eritrea and Sudan. No data regarding the ophthalmic conditions of this population was previously published. AIMS: To delineate reasons for ophthalmologic emergency room visits and hospitalizations in the ophthalmology department at a tertiary center in Tel Aviv, Israel. METHODS: In this retrospective study we reviewed the records of patients of Eritrean and Sudanese origin arriving at the ophthalmic emergency room at the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center between June 2012 and August 2012 and hospitalized in the ophthalmology ward between August 2011 and August 2012...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530039/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-of-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-challenges-youth-friendly-models-and-outcomes
#7
Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Chloé Gautier-Lafaye, Chloe A Teasdale, Lorna Renner, Marcel Yotebieng, Sophie Desmonde, Samuel Ayaya, Mary-Ann Davies, Valériane Leroy
INTRODUCTION: The number of adolescents with perinatally or behaviourally acquired HIV is increasing in low-income countries, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence and incidence are the highest. As they survive into adulthood in the era of antiretroviral therapy, there is a pressing need to transfer them from paediatric to adult care, known as the transition of care. We conducted a narrative review of recent evidence on their transition outcomes in Africa, highlighting the specific needs and challenges in these populations and settings, and the different models of care for transition...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#8
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529968/descriptive-statistics-and-regressions-of-2d-4d-and-educational-attainment-based-on-rlms-data
#9
John V C Nye, Maksym Bryukhanov, Sergiy Polyachenko
We document the descriptive statistics and detailed regression outputs for educational attainment and measured 2D:4D ratios, based on the RLMS data (20th round, conducted in 2011-2012). Regression analysis is conducted using STATA 13, gologit2 which is a special code for the generalized ordered logit regression in STATA environment. We provide graphs of differences in means of 2D:4D ratios by educational attainment. Information about the distribution of self-identified nationalities and fields of university degrees of respondents is presented...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529664/patient-specific-3d-models-aid-planning-for-triplane-proximal-femoral-osteotomy-in-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#10
L Cherkasskiy, J P Caffrey, A F Szewczyk, E Cory, J D Bomar, C L Farnsworth, M Jeffords, D R Wenger, R L Sah, V V Upasani
PURPOSE: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) can result in a complex three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the proximal femur. A three-plane proximal femoral osteotomy (TPFO) has been described to improve hip mechanics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefits of using 3D print technology to aid in surgical planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen children treated with TPFO for symptomatic proximal femoral deformity due to SCFE were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529546/disease-management-programs-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-germany-a-longitudinal-population-based-descriptive-study
#11
Michael Mehring, Ewan Donnachie, Florian Cornelius Bonke, Christoph Werner, Antonius Schneider
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of the disease management program (DMP) for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 is to improve the quality of health care and the treatment process. 12 years after its introduction in Germany, there is still no consensus as to whether DMP has been effective in reaching these goals. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal population-based study between 2004 and 2015 were conducted to evaluate the DMP for type 2 diabetes in Bavaria using routinely collected patient medical records hold from the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians of Bavaria...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529189/examining-daily-activity-routines-of-older-adults-using-workflow
#12
Jane Chung, Mustafa Ozkaynak, George Demiris
We evaluated the value of workflow analysis supported by a novel visualization technique to better understand the daily routines of older adults and highlight their patterns of daily activities and normal variability in physical functions. We used a self-reported activity diary to obtain data from six community-dwelling older adults for 14 consecutive days. Workflow for daily routine was analyzed using the EventFlow tool, which aggregates workflow information to highlight patterns and variabilities. A total of 1453 events were included in the data analysis...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#13
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529086/educating-student-midwives-around-dignity-and-respect
#14
Jenny S Hall, Mary Mitchell
FOCUS: There is currently limited information available on how midwifery students learn to provide care that promotes dignity and respect. BACKGROUND: In recent years the importance of dignity in healthcare and treating people with respect has received considerable emphasis in both a national and international context. AIM: The aim of this discussion paper is to describe an educational workshop that enables learning to promote dignity and respect in maternity care...
May 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529021/frail-older-adults-perceptions-of-an-in-hospital-structured-exercise-intervention
#15
Louise O'Hare, Eileen Savage, Ruth McCullagh, Eleanor Bantry White, Eilis Fitzgerald, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions need to be assessed qualitatively to establish how people participate in and perceive the intervention and how interventions should be delivered for maximal effect. OBJECTIVES: To explore how frail older inpatients perceived the effects of a pilot augmented prescribed exercise programme (APEP). DESIGN: An interpretive phenomenological design using open-ended semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis...
April 24, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528806/educational-neglect-understanding-20-years-of-child-welfare-trends
#16
Melissa Van Wert, Barbara Fallon, Nico Trocmé, Delphine Collin-Vézina
Educational neglect is an understudied phenomenon that is difficult to define and also to address. While it is clear that attending to children's academic needs is important to child development, few studies focus on educational neglect and therefore little is known about its associated risk factors and the outcomes following this form of maltreatment. The purpose of this research was to (a) determine the rate at which child welfare service providers investigate educational neglect in Canada and identify any trends in rates over time, (b) better understand educational neglect and its distinction from other types of neglect and truancy, and (c) understand how child welfare services respond to allegations of educational neglect...
May 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528784/keeping-the-voice-fit-in-the-group-fitness-industry-a-qualitative-study-to-determine-what-instructors-want-in-a-voice-education-program
#17
Patrick J Aiken, Anna F Rumbach
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to provide a descriptive summary of (1) group fitness instructors' (GFIs') experiences of occupational voice use and education, and (2) the content and mode of delivery desired by GFIs in an education and training program. STUDY DESIGN: This is a qualitative inductive approach using a semi-structured interview. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight GFIs recruited via self-selection sampling...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528770/ethnic-variation-in-self-rated-health-mortality-association-results-from-a-17-year-follow-up-study-in-estonia
#18
Rainer Reile, Mall Leinsalu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous research has highlighted the role of self-rated health (SRH) as an important predictor of mortality. With substantial ethnic differences in SRH and mortality reported in Estonia, this study aims to examine the ethnic variation in SRH-mortality association in this setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The baseline data come from the nationally representative 1996 Estonian Health Interview Survey. Individual records of 3983 respondents in the 25-79 age group were linked with mortality data with 17 years follow-up time...
May 2, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528623/organizational-perspectives-of-nurse-executives-in-15-hospitals-on-the-impact-and-effectiveness-of-rapid-response-teams
#20
Patricia L Smith, Jean McSweeney
BACKGROUND: Many hospitals use rapid response teams (RRTs) to respond to deteriorating patients, but it remains unclear what organizations actually monitor. Understanding what organizations value in an RRT may help clarify measurement choices. Interviews were conducted to determine how organizational leaders perceived and evaluated their hospitals' RRTs. METHODS: The study used a descriptive, qualitative design. Participants were nurse executives and key informants in 300- to 500-bed hospitals in the south-central United States and were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
June 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
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