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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908474/early-warnings-for-suicide-attempt-among-chinese-rural-population
#1
Juncheng Lyu, Yingying Wang, Hong Shi, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was to explore the main influencing factors of attempted suicide and establish an early warning model, so as to put forward prevention strategies for attempted suicide. METHOD: Data came from a large-scale case-control epidemiological survey. A sample of 659 serious suicide attempters was randomly recruited from 13 rural counties in China. Each case was matched by a community control for gender, age, and residence location. Face to face interviews were conducted for all the cases and controls with the same structured questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908436/adverse-experiences-in-infancy-and-toddlerhood-relations-to-adaptive-behavior-and-academic-status-in-middle-childhood
#2
Lorraine M McKelvey, Nicola Conners Edge, Glenn R Mesman, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Robert H Bradley
Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study articulated the negative effects of childhood trauma on long-term well-being. The purpose of the current study is to examine the associations between ACEs experienced in infancy and toddlerhood and adaptive behavior and academic status in middle childhood. We used data collected from a sample of low-income families during the impacts study of Early Head Start (EHS). Data were collected by trained interviewers demonstrating at least 85% reliability with protocols...
June 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908431/smoking-ban-and-health-at-birth-evidence-from-hungary
#3
Tamás Hajdu, Gábor Hajdu
In 2012, smoking restrictions were extended to hospitality venues in Hungary. Women working in bars and restaurants were primarily affected by the intervention. In this research, we analyze the effect of this smoking ban on the outcomes of their pregnancies. Using individual live birth, fetal loss, and infant mortality registry data, we examine the probability of live birth, indicators of health at birth, and the probability of death in the first year of life. We apply a difference-in-differences framework and show that the smoking ban has improved health at birth...
June 13, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908407/antenatal-education-for-childbirth-epidural-analgesia
#4
Lisa Cutajar, Allan M Cyna
The language structures used by antenatal educators have not been previously researched in the context of antenatal childbirth classes. Epidural analgesia for labour is a common, and a frequently asked about, component of antenatal education for parents in hospitals providing maternity care. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to identify the way information is described and presented by childbirth educators to assess content and determine which language structures such as metaphor, suggestion, information and storytelling are utilized...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908024/sociodemographic-predictors-of-tobacco-smoking-among-expatriate-and-national-adolescents-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#5
Ayesha Siddiqua, Rania Dghaim, Caroline Barakat-Haddad
Background: Tobacco use among adolescents is an important public health concern as it causes various forms of smokingrelated health problems and can create a gateway for other substance abuse. Aim: This study examined the prevalence, profile and predictors of tobacco use among expatriate and national adolescents living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design (2007-2009), we collected data on the prevalence of tobacco use in 6363 adolescents aged 13-20 years, including current smokers of cigarettes, midwakh, shisha and any other form of tobacco...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908021/burnout-among-primary-school-teachers-in-iraq-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#6
Jasim Al-Asadi, Shukrya Khalaf, Aqeel Al-Waaly, Alaa Abed, Sabah Shami
Background: Studies from various parts of the world have shown that teachers are likely to suffer from burnout. So far, there has been no research on burnout among primary school teachers in Basrah, Iraq. Aim: We aimed to determine the prevalence and predisposing factors of self-reported burnout among primary school teachers in Basrah. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in 32 governmental primary schools during November 2014-February 2015...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907704/growth-and-body-composition-of-children-aged-2-4-years-after-exposure-to-community-mobilisation-women-s-groups-in-bangladesh
#7
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907559/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-and-physical-activity-in-asia-multilevel-study
#8
Ben D Ma, Sai Leung Ng, Tim Schwanen, John Zacharias, Mudi Zhou, Ichiro Kawachi, Guibo Sun
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has long been considered as an important component of a healthy lifestyle. Although many efforts have been made to promote physical activity, there is no effective global intervention for physical activity promotion. Some researchers have suggested that Pokémon GO, a location-based augmented reality game, was associated with a short-term increase in players' physical activity on a global scale, but the details are far from clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to study the relationship between Pokémon GO use and players' physical activity and how the relationship varies across players with different physical activity levels...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907418/long-term-experience-with-a-mandatory-clinical-decision-rule-and-mandatory-d-dimer-in-the-evaluation-of-suspected-pulmonary-embolism
#9
Guy W Soo Hoo, Emily Tsai, Sondra Vazirani, Zhaoping Li, Bruce M Barack, Carol C Wu
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the long-term effectiveness of mandatory assignment of both a clinical decision rule (CDR) and highly sensitive d-dimer in the evaluation of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional guidelines with a CDR and highly sensitive d-dimer were embedded in an order entry menu with mandatory assignment of key components before ordering a CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA). Data were retrospectively extracted from the electronic health record...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907343/dietary-supplement-use-in-a-large-representative-sample-of-the-us-armed-forces
#10
Joseph J Knapik, Krista G Austin, Emily K Farina, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement (DS) use is prevalent among the US Armed Forces personnel, but representative cross-service comparisons and characteristics of personnel using DSs are limited. OBJECTIVE: Examine DS use and characteristics associated with use in a representative sample of US Armed Forces personnel (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) using data from the 2011 Department of Defense Survey of Health-Related Behaviors. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A stratified random sample of service members (SMs) was contacted and asked to complete a questionnaire assessing personal characteristics and DS use...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907223/an-evidence-based-intraoperative-communication-tool-for-emergency-general-surgery-a-pilot-study
#11
Alexandra B Columbus, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, William R Berry, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Joaquim M Havens
BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery (EGS) is characterized by high rates of morbidity and mortality. Though checklists and associated communication-based huddle strategies have improved outcomes, these tools have never been specifically examined in EGS. We hypothesized that use of an evidence-based communication tool aimed to trigger intraoperative discussion could improve communication in the EGS operating room (OR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a set of discussion prompts based on modifiable factors identified from previously published studies aimed to encourage all team members to speak up and to centralize awareness of patient disposition and intraoperative transfusion practices...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907150/comparing-the-income-related-inequity-of-tested-prevalence-and-self-reported-prevalence-of-hypertension-in-china
#12
Min Su, Yafei Si, Zhongliang Zhou, Chi Shen, Wanyue Dong, Xiaojing Fan, Xiao Wang, Xiaolin Wei
BACKGROUND: Hypertension has become a global health challenge given its high prevalence and but low awareness and detection. Whether the actual prevalence of hypertension has been estimated is important, especially for the poor. This study aimed to measure tested prevalence and self-reported prevalence of hypertension and compare the inequity between them in China. METHODS: Data were derived from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) conducted in 2011. By using the multistage, stratified, random sampling method, 12,168 respondents aged 18 or older were identified for analysis...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907145/the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-risky-drinking-in-denmark-a-cross-sectional-general-population-study
#13
Abdu Kedir Seid, Kim Bloomfield, Morten Hesse
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is regarded as consisting of education, income and employment. However, the relationship of these three components to alcohol use behaviours, such as risky single occasion drinking (RSOD) is unclear. The aim of the present paper is to specify how the three SES components relate to RSOD in a cross-sectional survey sample of the Danish general population. METHOD: Data from a 2011 Danish national representative survey (n = 3600) was analysed by multiple logistic regression to assess the influence of three dimensions of individual SES (education, income, employment) on RSOD...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907139/the-role-of-timely-initiation-of-antenatal-care-on-protective-dose-tetanus-toxoid-immunization-the-case-of-northern-ethiopia-post-natal-mothers
#14
Muhabaw Shumye Mihret, Miteku Andualem Limenih, Temesgen Worku Gudayu
BACKGROUND: Globally, tetanus toxoid protective dose immunization of the mothers is one of the strategies of maternal and neonatal tetanus prevention. Ethiopia has planned the national tetanus protection at birth coverage to reach 86% by the year 2015. However, there is still low coverage with less identified associated factors. Therefore; the purpose of this study was to assess tetanus toxoid protective dose immunization at last birth and associated factors among mothers who gave birth within one year prior to the study in Debretabor town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907099/loss-of-job-related-right-to-healthcare-associated-with-employment-turnover-challenges-for-the-mexican-health-system
#15
Germán Guerra, Emilio Gutiérrez-Calderón, Nelly Salgado de Snyder, Víctor Hugo Borja-Aburto, Adolfo Martínez-Valle, Miguel Ángel González-Block
BACKGROUND: The Mexican health system segments access and right to healthcare according to worker position in the labour market. In this contribution we analyse how access and continuity of healthcare gets interrupted by employment turnover in the labour market, including its formal and informal sectors, as experienced by affiliates to the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) at national level, and of workers with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Mexico City. METHODS: Using data from the National Employment and Occupation Survey, 2014, and from IMSS electronic medical records for workers in Mexico City, we estimated annual employment turnover rates to measure the loss of healthcare access due to labour market dynamics...
June 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906495/hiv-infection-across-aging-synergistic-effects-on-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-of-the-brain
#16
Anna R Egbert, Bharat Biswal, Keerthana Karunakaran, Agnieszka Pluta, Tomasz Wolak, Stephen Rao, Robert Bornstein, Bogna Szymańska, Andrzej Horban, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka, Marta Sobańska, Natalia Gawron, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Halina Sienkiewicz-Jarosz, Anna Ścińska-Bieńkowska, Emilia Łojek
The objective of the study was to examine additive and synergistic effects of age and HIV infection on resting state (RS) intra- and inter-network functional connectivity (FC) of the brain. We also aimed to assess relationships with neurocognition and determine clinical-, treatment-, and health-related factors moderating intrinsic brain activity in aging HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals. The current report presents data on 54 HIV+ individuals (age M = 41, SD = 12 years) stabilized on cART and 54 socio-demographically matched healthy (HIV-) comparators (age M = 43, SD = 12 years), with cohort education mean of 16 years (SD = 12)...
June 12, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906431/cataract-surgical-coverage-and-visual-acuity-outcomes-in-rural-china-in-2014-and-comparisons-with-the-2006-china-nine-province-survey
#17
Jialiang Zhao, Xiao Xu, Leon B Ellwein, Huaijin Guan, Mingguang He, Ping Liu, Jianhua Lv, Xunlun Sheng, Peizeng Yang, Jinglin Yi, Ning Cai, Mei Yang, Guangming Jin, Fei Leng, Fengrong Li, Yanping Li, Hong Lu, Wenqiang Shao, Shengfang Song, Yuansheng Yuan, Wenjuan Zhuang, Lei An
PURPOSE: Estimate surgical coverage of cataract-related vision impairment and blindness and visual acuity outcomes in operated eyes in rural China in 2014 with comparisons with the 2006 Nine-Province Survey. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Geographical cluster sampling was used in randomly selecting residents from a rural county or semi-rural district within 9 provinces: Beijing, Jiangsu, Guangdong, Heilongjiang, Jiangxi, Hebei, Ningxia, Chongqing and Yunnan...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906305/pilot-evaluation-of-home-delivery-programme-in-haemophilia
#18
J E Megías-Vericat, E Monte-Boquet, M Martín-Cerezuela, M J Cuéllar-Monreal, M V Tarazona-Casany, P Pérez-Huertas, S Bonanad, J L Poveda-Andrés
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Most of the clotting factor (CF) dispensations to haemophiliac patients are centralized in a few haemophilia treatment centres, necessitating frequent visits and long travel distances. The aim was to evaluate the home delivery programme developed by the Outpatient Pharmaceutical Care Unit (OPCU) through the association of patients (ASHECOVA). METHODS: A specific software programme was designed to communicate the individual CF requirements...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906291/a-real-time-medical-cartography-of-epidemic-disease-nodding-syndrome-using-village-based-lay-mhealth-reporters
#19
Raquel Valdes Angues, Austen Suits, Valerie S Palmer, Caesar Okot, Robert A Okot, Concy Atonywalo, Suzanne K Gazda, David L Kitara, Moka Lantum, Spencer S Peter
BACKGROUND: Disease surveillance in rural regions of many countries is poor, such that prolonged delays (months) may intervene between appearance of disease and its recognition by public health authorities. For infectious disorders, delayed recognition and intervention enables uncontrolled disease spread. We tested the feasibility in northern Uganda of developing real-time, village-based health surveillance of an epidemic of Nodding syndrome (NS) using software-programmed smartphones operated by minimally trained lay mHealth reporters...
June 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906287/a-combination-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-methods-in-investigating-risk-factors-for-lost-to-follow-up-for-tuberculosis-treatment-in-japan-are-physicians-and-nurses-at-a-particular-risk
#20
Lisa Kawatsu, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Akihiro Ohkado, Seiya Kato
BACKGROUND: The treatment success rate of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients aged 64 years and below in Japan, a tuberculosis (TB) middle-burden country with a notification of 13.9 per 100,000 populations in 2016, has been fluctuating around 70% for some years. In order to improve treatment outcome, it is critical to address those lost to follow-up (LTFU). The objective of the study therefore was to describe the characteristics of, and analyze the risk factors for those LTFU among pulmonary TB patients aged between 15 and 64, and discuss policy implications...
2018: PloS One
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