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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926974/pregnant-patient-knowledge-and-behavior-regarding-perinatal-oral-health
#1
Bernard Gonik, Eline Wilson, Melanie Mayberry, Bushra Yuki Joarder
Objective Perinatal oral health is important to obstetric practice, with significant implications for maternal, fetal, and infant health. This study sought to describe and compare knowledge and behavior related to perinatal oral health in two distinct populations of pregnant women. Methods An anonymous 13-question survey was distributed at two patient centers (urban teaching clinics and suburban referral center), examining patient knowledge and behaviors pertaining to oral health. Descriptive statistics were tabulated...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926934/public-health-interventions-for-aedes-control-in-the-time-of-zikavirus-a-meta-review-on-effectiveness-of-vector-control-strategies
#2
Maha Bouzid, Julii Brainard, Lee Hooper, Paul R Hunter
BACKGROUND: There is renewed interest in effective measures to control Zika and dengue vectors. A synthesis of published literature with a focus on the quality of evidence is warranted to determine the effectiveness of vector control strategies. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a meta-review assessing the effectiveness of any Aedes control measure. We searched Scopus and Medline for relevant reviews through to May 2016. Titles, abstracts and full texts were assessed independently for inclusion by two authors...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926887/the-application-of-genomics-in-diabetes-barriers-to-discovery-and-implementation
#3
James S Floyd, Bruce M Psaty
The emerging availability of genomic and electronic health data in large populations is a powerful tool for research that has drawn interest in bringing precision medicine to diabetes. In this article, we discuss the potential application of genomics to the prediction, prevention, and treatment of diabetes, and we use examples from other areas of medicine to illustrate some of the challenges involved in conducting genomics research in human populations and implementing findings in practice. At this time, a major barrier to the application of genomics in diabetes care is the lack of actionable genomic findings...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926804/the-impact-of-racism-and-midwifery-s-lack-of-racial-diversity-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Jyesha Wren Serbin, Elizabeth Donnelly
INTRODUCTION: The United States is increasingly racially diverse. Racial disparities in maternal-child health persist. Despite national calls for workforce diversification, more than 90% of certified nurse-midwives are white. This systematic review examines how racism and midwifery's lack of racial diversity impact both midwives and their patients. METHODS: Databases were searched in January 2016 for studies that explored 1) racially concordant or racially discordant maternity care provided, at least in part, by midwives; 2) women of color's experience of race and discrimination in maternity care provided, at least in part, by midwives; and 3) midwives of color's experience of race and discrimination in clinical, educational, and/or professional settings...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926793/information-seeking-when-problem-solving-perspectives-of-public-health-professionals
#5
Kristine Newman, Maureen Dobbins, Jennifer Yost, Donna Ciliska
OBJECTIVES: Given the many different types of professionals working in public health and their diverse roles, it is likely that their information needs, information-seeking behaviors, and problem-solving abilities differ. Although public health professionals often work in interdisciplinary teams, few studies have explored their information needs and behaviors within the context of teamwork. This study explored the relationship between Canadian public health professionals' perceptions of their problem-solving abilities and their information-seeking behaviors with a specific focus on the use of evidence in practice settings...
December 7, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926743/antecedents-of-new-onset-major-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-at-high-familial-risk
#6
Frances Rice, Ruth Sellers, Gemma Hammerton, Olga Eyre, Rhys Bevan-Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Stephan Collishaw, Gordon T Harold, Anita Thapar
Importance: Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in individuals at high familial risk of depression and is associated with poor long-term mental health, social, and educational outcomes. Objectives: To examine the developmental pathways that lead to first-episode adolescent-onset MDD (incident cases) in those at high familial risk and to postulate a theoretically informed model that enables simultaneous testing of different pathways to incident adolescent-onset MDD composed of contributions from familial/genetic and social risk factors, as well as effects via specific clinical antecedents...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926472/sweetened-beverage-intake-and-risk-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-and-type-2-diabetes
#7
Josefin E Löfvenborg, Tomas Andersson, Per-Ola Carlsson, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Leif Groop, Mats Martinell, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Alicja Wolk, Sofia Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: Sweetened beverage intake is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but its association with autoimmune diabetes is unclear. We aimed to investigate sweetened beverage intake and risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA); autoimmune diabetes with features of type 2 diabetes. DESIGN/METHODS: Data from a Swedish population-based study was used, including incident cases of LADA (n = 357) and type 2 diabetes (n = 1136) and randomly selected controls (n = 1371)...
December 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926441/a-benefit-cost-framework-of-motivation-for-a-specific-activity
#8
B Studer, S Knecht
How can an individual be motivated to perform a target exercise or activity? This question arises in training, therapeutic, and education settings alike, yet despite-or even because of-the large range of extant motivation theories, finding a clear answer to this question can be challenging. Here we propose an application-friendly framework of motivation for a specific activity or exercise that incorporates core concepts from several well-regarded psychological and economic theories of motivation. The key assumption of this framework is that motivation for performing a given activity is determined by the expected benefits and the expected costs of (performance of) the activity...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925447/rehospitalization-of-preterm-infants-according-to-the-discharge-risk-level
#9
Burcu Aykanat Girgin, Güler Cimete
PURPOSE: The rehospitalization rate of preterm infants is between 22 and 52% within the first year after discharge. The purpose of this study was to investigate the rehospitalization of preterm infants within 2 months following discharge, considering the level of risks originating from the infant, parents, and the social factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample was composed of 238 preterm infants and their parents. The data were collected with a Descriptive Information Form, the Post-Discharge Infant Follow-up Form, and the Neonatal Discharge Assessment Tool (N-DAT)...
December 7, 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925435/predicting-the-intention-to-use-condoms-and-actual-condom-use-behaviour-a-three-wave-longitudinal-study-in-ghana
#10
Enoch Teye-Kwadjo, Ashraf Kagee, Hermann Swart
BACKGROUND: Growing cross-sectional research shows that the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) is robust in predicting intentions to use condoms and condom use behaviour. Yet, little is known about the TPB's utility in explaining intentions to use condoms and condom use behaviour over time. METHODS: This study used a longitudinal design and latent variable structural equation modelling to test the longitudinal relationships postulated by the TPB. School-going youths in Ghana provided data on attitudes, subjective norms, perceived control, intentions, and behaviour regarding condom use at three time points, spaced approximately three months apart...
December 7, 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925424/evaluation-of-an-institutional-project-to-improve-venous-thromboembolism-prevention
#11
REVIEW
Christina A Minami, Anthony D Yang, Mila Ju, Eckford Culver, Kathryn Seifert, Lindsey Kreutzer, Terri Halverson, Kevin J O'Leary, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: Northwestern Memorial Hospital (NMH) was historically a poor performer on the venous thromboembolism (VTE) outcome measure. As this measure has been shown to be flawed by surveillance bias, NMH embraced process-of-care measures to ensure appropriate VTE prophylaxis to assess healthcare-associated VTE prevention efforts. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an institution-wide project aimed at improving hospital performance on VTE prophylaxis measures...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925149/behavioural-interventions-to-promote-workers-use-of-respiratory-protective-equipment
#12
REVIEW
Bao Yen Luong Thanh, Malinee Laopaiboon, David Koh, Pornpun Sakunkoo, Hla Moe
BACKGROUND: Respiratory hazards are common in the workplace. Depending on the hazard and exposure, the health consequences may include: mild to life-threatening illnesses from infectious agents, acute effects ranging from respiratory irritation to chronic lung conditions, or even cancer from exposure to chemicals or toxins. Use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is an important preventive measure in many occupational settings. RPE only offers protection when worn properly, when removed safely and when it is either replaced or maintained regularly...
December 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925130/-completeness-of-notifications-of-violence-perpetrated-against-adolescents-in-the-state-of-pernambuco-brazil
#13
Taciana Mirella Batista Dos Santos, Mirian Domingos Cardoso, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Yasmim Gabriella Cardoso Santos, Saul Martins Paiva, João Paulo Ramos Melo, Lygia Maria Pereira Silva
The scope of this study was to analyze the trend of completeness of the data on violence perpetrated against adolescents registered in the State of Pernambuco between 2009 and 2012. This involved a cross-sectional survey of 5,259 adolescents, who were the victims of violence reported in SINAN-VIVA of the Pernambuco State Health Department. Simple linear regression was used to investigate the trend of completeness of the variables. The percentages of completeness were considered to be dependent variables (Y) and the number of years as independent variables (X)...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925113/accidental-falls-in-urgent-and-emergency-care-results-of-the-2014-viva-survey
#14
Adalgisa Peixoto Ribeiro, Edinilsa Ramos de Souza, Carlos Augusto Moreira de Sousa, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas
This cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the cases of falls in urgent and emergency care services of 24 Brazilian capitals and the Federal District participating in the 2014 VIVA Survey. We sought to describe the epidemiological profile of victims, characterizing the event and the severity of injuries it caused and to perform an association study. We calculated the simple and relative frequencies of variables and performed multivariate logistic regression analysis for complex sample data in order to verify associations between falls and selected variables...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925109/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-traffic-accidents-of-cyclists-attended-in-brazilian-state-capitals
#15
Carlos Augusto Moreira de Sousa, Camila Alves Bahia, Patrícia Constantino
Introduction: Brazil has the sixth largest bicycles fleet in the world and bicycle is the most used individual transport vehicle in the country. Few studies address the issue of cyclists' accidents and factors that contribute to or prevent this event. Methodology: VIVA is a cross-sectional survey and is part of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System, Brazilian Ministry of Health. We used complex sampling and subsequent data review through multivariate logistic regression and calculation of the respective odds ratios...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925088/interdisciplinary-care-praxis-in-groups-of-people-living-with-fibromyalgia
#16
Nathália Aparecida Costa Guedes Miranda, Lina Márcia Miguéis Berardinelli, Vera Maria Sabóia, Irma da Silva Brito, Rosângela da Silva Santos
Objectives: to analyze the integrated community therapy model for the empowerment of people living with fibromyalgia and discuss the impact of this interdisciplinary intervention in the health-disease process and self-care. Method: a participatory-approach qualitative study, developed in 2015 with 11 participants at the Laboratory of Physiology Applied to Physical Education of the Rio de Janeiro State University, RJ. Data production comprised World Café, participant observation and semi-structured interview...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924671/the-effect-of-the-additional-cytogenetic-abnormalities-on-major-molecular-response-and-bcr-abl-kinase-domain-mutations-in-long-term-follow-up-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Kaan Savasoglu, Kadriye Bahriye Payzin, Fusun Ozdemirkiran, Asli Subasioglu, Asu Fergun Yilmaz
The aim of the study was to examine the relation between additional chromosomal aberrations (ACAs) with major molecular response (MMR) and BCR-ABL kinase domain (KD) mutations in the long-term follow-up of the chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) disease. The study design was cross-sectional observational and used the CML patients' data of Izmir Ataturk Education and Research Hospital from 2011 to 2015. Conventional cytogenetic, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) test results from 89 CML patients' and pyrosequencing analysis results from 17 patients' were set up for comparison analysis...
December 7, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924656/assistive-technology-as-reading-interventions-for-children-with-reading-impairments-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#18
Emma Lindeblad, Staffan Nilsson, Stefan Gustafson, Idor Svensson
PURPOSE: This pilot study investigated the possible transfer effect on reading ability in children with reading difficulties after a systematic intervention to train and compensate for reading deficiencies by using applications in smartphones and tablets. The effects of using assistive technology (AT) one year after the interventions were completely studied. School related motivation, independent learning and family relations were also considered. METHOD: 35 pupils aged 10-12 years participated...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924623/does-inflammation-mediate-relationships-between-racial-identity-and-onset-of-menopause-among-us-adults
#19
Alexandra C H Nowakowski, Katelyn Y Graves
We assess how well differences in ethnoracial background may predict timing of menopause among females in the USA and whether or not inflammatory biomarker levels appear to mediate these overall associations. We use data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) to model apparent net effects from race on menopausal onset, as well as possible mediating influences from the inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP). Using continuous time event history analysis, we assess and frame overall relationships between race and menopausal age...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924414/management-and-control-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-in-communal-goat-farms-in-zimbabwe
#20
P I Zvinorova, T E Halimani, F C Muchadeyi, S Katsande, J Gusha, K Dzama
Goats are an important source of livelihood especially in smallholder communities. Infections with gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) remain the most prevalent parasitic diseases affecting small ruminants. The study was conducted to assess management, the level of knowledge and control of gastrointestinal nematodes. Surveys were conducted in Chipinge, Shurugwi, Binga, Tsholotsho and Matobo districts, representing the five natural/agro-ecological regions (NR) in Zimbabwe. Data was collected in 135 households using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire...
December 6, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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