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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732262/attitudes-toward-epilepsy-and-perceptions-of-epilepsy-related-stigma-in-korean-evangelical-christians
#1
Sang-Ahm Lee, Eun-Ju Choi, Ji-Ye Jeon, Joon-Hyun Paek
PURPOSE: The scriptural description of Jesus driving out an evil spirit from a boy with epilepsy supported the idea of the spiritual nature of epilepsy for centuries. Korea has a shorter history of Christianity than the Western world. We determined whether there are differences in attitudes toward epilepsy and perception of epilepsy-related stigma between people with and without belief in evangelical Christianity in Korea. METHODS: Data were collected from evangelical churches and theological colleges...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732236/neighborhood-ses-is-particularly-important-to-the-cardiovascular-health-of-low-ses-individuals
#2
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Stephanie A Robert
RATIONALE: Health disparities defined by neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) are well established; it is less well understood whether neighborhood SES is differentially associated with health depending on one's own SES. OBJECTIVE: The double jeopardy hypothesis, collective resources model, fundamental cause theory, and relative deprivation hypothesis support differential patterns of association between neighborhood and individual SES with health. The first three models suggest that higher neighborhood SES predicts health more strongly among lower, as compared to higher, SES individuals...
July 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732125/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-prenatal-attendees-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-south-west-nigeria
#3
Olusola P Aduloju, Akinyemi A Akintayo, Tolulope Aduloju, Oladunni O Akin-Akintayo
OBJECTIVE: To assess birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) as well as knowledge of danger signs during pregnancy, labor/delivery, and the postpartum period. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken of pregnant women attending the prenatal clinic at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria between October and December 2016. A pretested and structured questionnaire was used to collect data on BPCR, and logistic regression was performed to determine factors affecting BPCR...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732032/individual-and-area-level-characteristics-associated-with-alcohol-related-mortality-among-adult-lithuanian-males-a-multilevel-analysis-based-on-census-linked-data
#4
Pavel Grigoriev, Domantas Jasilionis, Daumantas Stumbrys, Vladislava Stankūnienė, Vladimir M Shkolnikov
BACKGROUND: Although excessive alcohol-related mortality in the post-Soviet countries remains the major public health threat, determinants of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. AIMS: We assess simultaneously individual- and area-level factors associated with an elevated risk of alcohol-related mortality among Lithuanian males aged 30-64. METHODS: Our analysis is based on a census-linked dataset containing information on individual- and area-level characteristics and death events which occurred between March 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731961/joint-effect-of-alcohol-consumption-and-educational-level-on-alcohol-related-medical-events-a-danish-register-based-cohort-study
#5
Helene Nordahl Christensen, Finn Diderichsen, Ulla Arthur Hvidtfeldt, Theis Lange, Per Kragh Andersen, Merete Osler, Eva Prescott, Anne Tjønneland, Naja Hulvej Rod, Ingelise Andersen
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related mortality is more pronounced in lower than higher socioeconomic groups in Western countries. Part of the explanation is differences in drinking patterns. However, differences in vulnerability to health consequences of alcohol consumption across socioeconomic groups may also play a role. We investigated the joint effect of alcohol consumption and educational level on the rate of alcohol-related medical events. METHODS: We pooled seven prospective cohorts from Denmark that enrolled 74 278 men and women aged 30-70 years (study period 1981 to 2009)...
July 19, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731607/process-evaluation-of-a-patient-centred-patient-directed-group-based-education-program-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger
AIM: The present study developed and evaluated a patient-centred, patient-directed, group-based education program for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Two frameworks, the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for developing and evaluating complex interventions and the RE-AIM framework were followed. Data to develop the intervention were sourced from scoping of the literature and formative evaluation. Program evaluation comprised analysis of primary recruitment of participants through general practitioners, baseline and end-point measures of anthropometry, four validated questionnaires, contemporaneous facilitator notes and telephone interviews with participants...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731605/optimising-the-effectiveness-of-diabetes-education-in-an-east-asian-population
#7
T S T Choi, K Z Walker, C B Lombard, C Palermo
AIM: To explore the collective patterns of learning behaviours and preferences of Chinese people during diabetes education. The study was carried out across three countries and aimed to identify strategies that could be used to tailor diabetes education to Chinese people. METHODS: A case study approach was undertaken in three countries (Australia, China and Singapore) using participant observations and qualitative interviews. Purposive sampling was used to select field sites before a snowball technique was employed to identify relevant interviewees...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731557/data-mining-potential-applications-in-research-on-nutrition-and-health
#8
Marijka Batterham, Elizabeth Neale, Allison Martin, Linda Tapsell
AIM: Data mining enables further insights from nutrition-related research, but caution is required. The aim of this analysis was to demonstrate and compare the utility of data mining methods in classifying a categorical outcome derived from a nutrition-related intervention. METHODS: Baseline data (23 variables, 8 categorical) on participants (n = 295) in an intervention trial were used to classify participants in terms of meeting the criteria of achieving 10 000 steps per day...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730904/occupational-therapists-awareness-of-guidelines-for-assessment-and-diagnosis-of-developmental-coordination-disorder-mesure-selon-laquelle-les-ergoth%C3%A3-rapeutes-connaissent-les-lignes-directrices-relatives-%C3%A3-l-%C3%A3-valuation-et-au-diagnostic-du-trouble-du-d%C3%A3-veloppement
#9
Morgan Karkling, Alissa Paul, Jill G Zwicker
BACKGROUND: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a motor skills disorder that can have negative lifelong psychosocial impacts if not diagnosed. Occupational therapists have a role in facilitating a diagnosis for children with DCD through assessment. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of understanding of current DCD guidelines for assessment and diagnosis among occupational therapists working in paediatric settings in British Columbia, Canada...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730860/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-and-other-disruptive-behaviour-disorder-symptoms-among-primary-school-age-children-in-kayseri-turkey
#10
Vesile Senol, Demet Unalan, Raziye Peksen Akca, Mustafa Basturk
Objectives This study aimed to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD), and their influencing factors on primary school-age children. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted among 2045 students, 7-15 years old, who were randomly selected from seven schools in Kayseri, Turkey, in 2012. Participants were stratified by socioeconomic status. Data were collected using the Turgay DSM-IV-Based Child and Adolescent Behavioural Disorders Screening and Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-S)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730750/improving-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-glycaemic-outcomes-is-possible-without-spending-more-on-medication-lessons-from-the-uk-national-diabetes-audit
#11
Adrian H Heald, Mark Livingston, Nagaraj Malipatil, Michal Becher, Joyce Craig, Mike Stedman, Anthony A Fryer
OBJECTIVES: There is continuing discussion globally about how to optimise outcomes for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients. In the UK, national (NICE) guidance was updated in 2016 (NG28). We aimed to determine the factors at a GP practice level that relate to glycaemic control outcome. METHODS: Data was accessed from 4,050 GP practices (GPP) (50% of total) covering 1.6 million T2DM patients in the UK National Diabetes Audit 2013-14 and 2014-15. This reported T2DM population characteristics, services and outcomes, including % total glycaemic control (TGC) (at 67...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730427/-basic-research-in-ophthalmology-in-germany-and-its-international-context
#12
REVIEW
U Schlötzer-Schrehardt, C Cursiefen
BACKGROUND: Experimental basic research provides the foundations for the elucidation of pathophysiological mechanisms of diseases and the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for ophthalmological diseases. The objective of this contribution is to provide an overview of the international interconnection of basic research in ophthalmology in Germany. METHODS: The international context of ophthalmological research conducted in Germany is presented by means of personal experiences and data published by the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG), the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the European Union (EU)...
July 20, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730066/-these-are-not-luxuries-it-is-essential-for-access-to-life-disability-related-out-of-pocket-costs-as-a-driver-of-economic-vulnerability-in-south-africa
#13
Jill Hanass-Hancock, Siphumelele Nene, Nicola Deghaye, Simmi Pillay
BACKGROUND: With the dawn of the new sustainable development goals, we face not only a world that has seen great successes in alleviating poverty but also a world that has left some groups, such as persons with disabilities, behind. Middle-income countries (MICs) are home to a growing number of persons with disabilities. As these countries strive to achieve the new goals, we have ample opportunity to include persons with disabilities in the emerging poverty alleviation strategies. However, a lack of data and research on the linkages between economic vulnerability and disability in MICs hampers our understanding of the factors increasing economic vulnerability in people with disabilities...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730065/exploring-structural-violence-in-the-context-of-disability-and-poverty-in-zimbabwe
#14
Jennifer T Muderedzi, Arne H Eide, Stine H Braathen, Babill Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: While it is widely assumed that disability, poverty and health are closely linked, research falls short of fully understanding the link. One approach to analysing the links between disability and poverty is through the concept of structural violence, referring to social structures that contribute to the impoverishment of individuals or communities. These structures can be political, ecological, legal and economic, among others. OBJECTIVE: To explore structural violence and how it affects families of children with cerebral palsy among the Tonga ethnic group living in poor rural communities of Binga in Zimbabwe...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730064/access-to-curriculum-for-students-with-disabilities-at-higher-education-institutions-how-does-the-national-university-of-lesotho-fare
#15
Paseka A Mosia, Nareadi Phasha
BACKGROUND: Creating access to curricula at institutions of higher education for students with disabilities requires a concerted effort from management and other key stakeholders to identify students' needs and create opportunities for success. OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a study which examined students with disabilities' access to curricula at a higher education institution in Lesotho. METHOD: Data for this qualitative study were collected using three methods: in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and document analysis...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729814/who-gets-needed-mental-health-care-use-of-mental-health-services-among-adults-with-mental-health-need-in-california
#16
Linda Diem Tran, Ninez A Ponce
BACKGROUND: Timely and appropriate treatment could help reduce the burden of mental illness. PURPOSE: This study describes mental health services use among Californians with mental health need, highlights underserved populations, and discusses policy opportunities. METHODS: Four years of California Health Interview Survey data (2011, 2012, 2013, 2014) were pooled and weighted to the 2013 population to estimate mental health need and unmet need (n=82,706)...
2017: Californian Journal of Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729799/evaluation-of-knowledge-among-general-dentists-in-treatment-of-traumatic-injuries-in-primary-teeth-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#17
Dhanalakshmi Ravikumar, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge of General dentist regarding the management of dental traumatic injuries of primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 general dentists were selected and a validated questionnaire was distributed among the dentist to assess their knowledge on treatment strategies regarding traumatized primary teeth. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data were entered into SPSS version 20...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729236/adolescents-perspectives-on-personalized-e-feedback-in-the-context-of-health-risk-behavior-screening-for-primary-care-qualitative-study
#18
Garret G Zieve, Laura P Richardson, Katherine Katzman, Heather Spielvogle, Sandy Whitehouse, Carolyn A McCarty
BACKGROUND: Electronic health screening tools for primary care present an opportunity to go beyond data collection to provide education and feedback to adolescents in order to motivate behavior change. However, there is limited research to guide feedback message development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore youth perceptions of and preferences for receiving personalized feedback for multiple health risk behaviors and reinforcement for health promoting behaviors from an electronic health screening tool for primary care settings, using qualitative methodology...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729198/e-cigarette-awareness-perceived-harmfulness-and-ever-use-among-u-s-adults
#19
Irene Pericot-Valverde, Diann E Gaalema, Jeffrey S Priest, Stephen T Higgins
The overarching aims of this study are to (a) estimate and update knowledge on rates and predictors of awareness, perceived harmfulness, and ever use of e-cigarettes among U.S. adults and (b) to utilize that information to identify risk-factor profiles associated with ever use. Data were collected from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (N=3738). Logistic regression was used to explore relationships between sociodemographics (gender, age, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, educational attainment, income, and census region), current use of other tobacco products (conventional cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco), ever use of alternative products (hookah, pipes, roll-your-own cigarettes, and snus) and e-cigarette awareness, perceived harm, and ever use...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729189/the-quality-in-training-initiative-giving-residents-data-to-learn-clinical-effectiveness
#20
Morgan M Sellers, Matt Fordham, Craig W Miller, Clifford Y Ko, Rachel R Kelz
BACKGROUND: Training programs are expected to provide clinical outcomes data to residents. Few systems have the necessary infrastructure. We evaluated initial adoption and use of the Quality In-Training Initiative (QITI) platform linking National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data to trainees. STUDY DESIGN: Proportions of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education general surgery residency programs with differing levels of NSQIP and QITI affiliation were calculated and program characteristics were compared...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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