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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738895/chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-cervicogenic-headache-a-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Aleksander Chaibi, Heidi Knackstedt, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
OBJECTIVE: Cervicogenic headache is a disabling headache where pharmacological management have limited effect. Thus, non-pharmacological management is warranted. Our objective was therefore to investigate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy versus placebo (sham manipulation) and control (continued usual but non-manual management) for cervicogenic headache in a prospective 3-armed single-blinded, placebo, randomized controlled trial of 17 months' duration. RESULTS: Nineteen participants were equally randomized into the three groups, and 12 participants completed the randomized controlled trial...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713254/short-term-effects-of-thoracic-spine-manipulation-on-the-biomechanical-organisation-of-gait-initiation-a-randomized-pilot-study
#2
Sébastien Ditcharles, Eric Yiou, Arnaud Delafontaine, Alain Hamaoui
Speed performance during gait initiation is known to be dependent on the capacity of the central nervous system to generate efficient anticipatory postural adjustments (APA). According to the posturo-kinetic capacity (PKC) concept, any factor enhancing postural chain mobility and especially spine mobility, may facilitate the development of APA and thus speed performance. "Spinal Manipulative Therapy High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude" (SMT-HVLA) is a healing technique applied to the spine which is routinely used by healthcare practitioners to improve spine mobility...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694678/placebo-disclosure-does-not-result-in-negative-changes-in-mood-or-attitudes-towards-health-care-or-the-provider
#3
Joel E Bialosky, Michael E Robinson
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to (1) determine whether disclosure of having received a placebo treatment following participation in a randomized manual therapy trial resulted in changes in negative mood or attitudes towards health care and the provider and (2) examine the association between changes in mood or attitude and changes in clinical outcomes over the two-week study period. Methods: Participants with low back pain (N = 110) were randomly assigned to receive a spinal manipulative therapy (SMT), a standard placebo SMT in which participants were aware of a chance of receiving a placebo, an enhanced placebo SMT in which participants were instructed 'the manual therapy technique you will receive has been shown to significantly reduce low back pain in some people,' or no treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628805/erratum-to-adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs-musculoskeletal-ther-and-pract-29c-2017-66-71
#4
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623944/the-effect-of-combining-manual-therapy-with-exercise-for-mild-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Roger M Engel, Jaxson Wearing, Peter Gonski, Subramanyam Vemulpad
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of disability and hospital admission. Current management strategies have not been successful in altering the loss of lung function typically seen as the disease progresses. A recent systematic review into the use of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) in the management of COPD concluded that there was low level evidence to support the view that a combination of SMT and exercise had the potential to improve lung function more than exercise alone in people with moderate to severe COPD...
June 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521180/predictive-factors-for-reporting-adverse-events-following-spinal-manipulation-in-randomized-clinical-trials-secondary-analysis-of-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Lindsay M Gorrell, Benjamin Brown, Reidar P Lystad, Roger M Engel
While spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is recommended for the treatment of spinal disorders, concerns exist about adverse events associated with the intervention. Adequate reporting of adverse events in clinical trials would allow for more accurate estimations of incidence statistics through meta-analysis. However, it is not currently known if there are factors influencing adverse events reporting following SMT in randomized clinical trials (RCTs). Thus our objective was to investigate predictive factors for the reporting of adverse events in published RCTs involving SMT...
August 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484700/the-effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-and-complementary-therapies-on-voice-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Ricardo Cardoso, Rute F Meneses, José Lumini-Oliveira
The treatment of voice disorders includes physiotherapy and complementary therapies. However, research to support these treatments is scarce. OBJECTIVE: to verify the effectiveness of physiotherapy and complementary therapies on voice disorders. Research on electronic databases PubMed/Medline, SciELO, and LILACS was performed using the combination: voice AND (treatment OR intervention) according to PRISMA guidelines. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in the review...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430671/elevated-production-of-nociceptive-cc-chemokines-and-se-selectin-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-and-the-effects-of-spinal-manipulation-a-non-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Julita A Teodorczyk-Injeyan, Marion McGregor, John J Triano, H Stephen Injeyan
BACKGROUND: The involvement of inflammatory components in the pathophysiology of low back pain is poorly understood. It has been suggested that spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) may exert anti-inflammatory effects. PURPOSE: To determine the involvement of inflammation-associated chemokines (CC series) in the pathogenesis of non-specific low back pain and to evaluate the effect of SMT on that process. METHODS: Patients presenting with non-radicular, non-specific low back pain (minimum pain score 3 on 10 point visual analogue scale, VAS) were recruited according to stringent inclusion criteria...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404706/spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-low-back-pain
#9
Megan A Manning, G Michael Allan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399251/association-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-with-clinical-benefit-and-harm-for-acute-low-back-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Neil M Paige, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Marika Suttorp Booth, Jessica M Beroes, Aram S Mardian, Paul Dougherty, Richard Branson, Baron Tang, Sally C Morton, Paul G Shekelle
Importance: Acute low back pain is common and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a treatment option. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses have reported different conclusions about the effectiveness of SMT. Objective: To systematically review studies of the effectiveness and harms of SMT for acute (≤6 weeks) low back pain. Data Sources: Search of MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, and Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature from January 1, 2011, through February 6, 2017, as well as identified systematic reviews and RCTs, for RCTs of adults with low back pain treated in ambulatory settings with SMT compared with sham or alternative treatments, and that measured pain or function outcomes for up to 6 weeks...
April 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340595/the-risk-associated-with-spinal-manipulation-an-overview-of-reviews
#11
Sabrina Mai Nielsen, Simon Tarp, Robin Christensen, Henning Bliddal, Louise Klokker, Marius Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a widely used manual treatment, but many reviews exist with conflicting conclusions about the safety of SMT. We performed an overview of reviews to elucidate and quantify the risk of serious adverse events (SAEs) associated with SMT. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases from inception to December 8, 2015. We included reviews on any type of studies, patients, and SMT technique. Our primary outcome was SAEs...
March 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324697/adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs
#12
Aleksander Chaibi, J Rat Šaltyt Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Unlike pharmacological randomized controlled trials (RCTs), manual-therapy RCTs do not always report adverse events (AEs). The few manual-therapy RCTs that provide information on AEs are frequently without details, such as the type and-, severity of the AE and reason for withdrawal. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively report all AEs in a chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) RCT. DESIGN: A prospective 3-armed, single-blinded, placebo, RCT...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292267/assignment-of-adverse-event-indexing-terms-in-randomized-clinical-trials-involving-spinal-manipulative-therapy-an-audit-of-records-in-medline-and-embase-databases
#13
Lindsay M Gorrell, Roger M Engel, Reidar P Lystad, Benjamin T Brown
BACKGROUND: Reporting of adverse events in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) is encouraged by the authors of The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. With robust methodological design and adequate reporting, RCTs have the potential to provide useful evidence on the incidence of adverse events associated with spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). During a previous investigation, it became apparent that comprehensive search strategies combining text words with indexing terms was not sufficiently sensitive for retrieving records that were known to contain reports on adverse events...
March 14, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268027/a-feasibility-study-to-assess-vibration-and-sound-from-zygapophyseal-joints-during-motion-before-and-after-spinal-manipulation
#14
Gregory D Cramer, Matthew Budavich, Preetam Bora, Kim Ross
OBJECTIVE: This feasibility study used novel accelerometry (vibration) and microphone (sound) methods to assess crepitus originating from the lumbar spine before and after side-posture spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). METHODS: This study included 5 healthy and 5 low back pain (LBP) participants. Nine accelerometers and 1 specialized directional microphone were applied to the lumbar region, allowing assessment of crepitus. Each participant underwent full lumbar ranges of motion (ROM), bilateral lumbar SMT, and repeated full ROM...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259496/integrative-acupuncture-and-spinal-manipulative-therapy-versus-either-alone-for-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-feasibility-study
#15
Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Kevin A Rose, Gena E Kadar, Eric L Hurwitz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of conducting a large-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) examining whether an integrative care model combining spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and acupuncture can lead to better outcomes for low back pain (LBP) than either therapy alone. METHODS: This study was conducted at a complementary and alternative medicine university health center. Participants with acute or chronic LBP were randomized to (1) acupuncture, (2) SMT, or (3) integrative acupuncture and SMT groups...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215058/effect-of-cervical-vs-thoracic-spinal-manipulation-on-peripheral-neural-features-and-grip-strength-in-subjects-with-chronic-mechanical-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Francisco Bautista-Aguirre, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Alberto M Heredia-Rizo, Juan J Boscá-Gandía, François Ricard, Cleofás Rodriguez-Blanco
BACKGROUND: Cervical and thoracic spinal manipulative therapy has shown positive impact for relief of pain and improve function in non-specific mechanical neck pain. Several attempts have been made to compare their effectiveness although previous studies lacked a control group, assessed acute neck pain or combined thrust and non-thrust techniques. AIM: To compare the immediate effects of cervical and thoracic spinal thrust manipulations on mechanosensitivity of upper limb nerve trunks and grip strength in patients with chronic non-specific mechanical neck pain...
June 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196632/procedure-selection-and-patient-positioning-influence-spine-kinematics-during-high-velocity-low-amplitude-spinal-manipulation-applied-to-the-low-back
#17
Spencer Bell, Kevin D'Angelo, Gregory N Kawchuk, John J Triano, Samuel J Howarth
OBJECTIVES: This investigation compared indirect 3-dimensional angular kinematics (position, velocity, and acceleration) of the lumbar spine for 2 different high-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) spinal manipulation procedures (lumbar spinous pull or push), and altered initial patient lower limb posture. METHODS: Twenty-four participants underwent 6 HVLA procedures directed toward the presumed L4 vertebra, reflecting each combination of 2 variants of a spinal manipulation application technique (spinous pull and push) and 3 initial hip flexion angles (0°, 45°, and 90°) applied using a right lateral recumbent patient position...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167971/glucose-metabolic-changes-in-the-brain-and-muscles-of-patients-with-nonspecific-neck-pain-treated-by-spinal-manipulation-therapy-a-18-f-fdg-pet-study
#18
Akie Inami, Takeshi Ogura, Shoichi Watanuki, Md Mehedi Masud, Katsuhiko Shibuya, Masayasu Miyake, Rin Matsuda, Kotaro Hiraoka, Masatoshi Itoh, Arlan W Fuhr, Kazuhiko Yanai, Manabu Tashiro
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in brain and muscle glucose metabolism that are not yet known, using positron emission tomography with [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG PET). Methods. Twenty-one male volunteers were recruited for the present study. [(18)F]FDG PET scanning was performed twice on each subject: once after the spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) intervention (treatment condition) and once after resting (control condition). We performed the SMT intervention using an adjustment device...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146021/spinal-tissue-loading-created-by-different-methods-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-application
#19
Martha Funabashi, François Nougarou, Martin Descarreaux, Narasimha Prasad, Gregory N Kawchuk
STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study using robotic replication of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) vertebral kinematics together with serial dissection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify loads created in cadaveric spinal tissues arising from three different forms of SMT application. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There exist many distinct methods by which to apply SMT. It is not known presently whether different forms of SMT application have different effects on spinal tissues...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122640/rational-and-design-of-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol
#20
A de Zoete, M R de Boer, M W van Tulder, S M Rubinstein, M Underwood, J A Hayden, J Kalter, R Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of pain and disability, resulting in a major socioeconomic impact. The Cochrane Review which examined the effect of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for chronic LBP concluded that SMT is moderately effective, but was based on conventional meta-analysis of aggregate data. The use of individual participant data (IPD) from trials allows for a more precise estimate of the treatment effect and has the potential to identify moderators and/or mediators...
January 26, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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