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'chiropractic research'

Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng, Amie Steel, Romy Lauche, Craig Moore, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, David Sibbritt
OBJECTIVES: The Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN) practice-based research network (PBRN) cohort was established to provide sustainable infrastructure necessary to address lack of rigorous investigation and to bridge the research-practice gap focused on chiropractic care for future years. This paper presents the profile of chiropractors recruited to the ACORN PBRN, a nationally representative sample of chiropractors working in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a cohort study of chiropractors in Australia...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
Alexander D Lee, Kaitlyn Szabo, Kirstie McDowell, Sydney Granger
INTRODUCTION: A Canadian sports chiropractic research agenda has yet to be defined. The Delphi method can be utilized to achieve this purpose; however, the sample of experts who participate can influence the results. To better inform sample selection for future research agenda development, we set out to determine if differences in opinions about research priorities exist between chiropractors who have their sports specialty designation and those who do not. METHODS: Fifteen sports clinical practice chiropractors who have their sports fellowship designation and fifteen without, were interviewed with a set of standardized questions about sports chiropractic research priorities...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Craig Moore, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, David Sibbritt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to report on the recruitment and promotion strategies employed by the Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN) project aimed at helping recruit a substantial national sample of participants and to describe the features of our practice-based research network (PBRN) design that may provide key insights to others looking to establish a similar network or draw on the ACORN project to conduct sub-studies. METHODS: The ACORN project followed a multifaceted recruitment and promotion strategy drawing on distinct branding, a practitioner-focused promotion campaign, and a strategically designed questionnaire and distribution/recruitment approach to attract sufficient participation from the ranks of registered chiropractors across Australia...
October 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Ting Xia, Cynthia R Long, Maruti R Gudavalli, David G Wilder, Robert D Vining, Robert M Rowell, William R Reed, James W DeVocht, Christine M Goertz, Edward F Owens, William C Meeker
STUDY DESIGN: A three-arm controlled trial with adaptive allocation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare short-term effects of a side-lying, thrust spinal manipulation (SM) procedure and a nonthrust, flexion-distraction SM procedure in adults with subacute or chronic low back pain (LBP) over 2 weeks. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: SM has been recommended in recently published clinical guidelines for LBP management. Previous studies suggest that thrust and nonthrust SM procedures, though distinctly different in joint loading characteristics, have similar effects on patients with LBP...
June 2016: Spine
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To update and expand The North American Menopause Society's evidence-based position on nonhormonal management of menopause-associated vasomotor symptoms (VMS), previously a portion of the position statement on the management of VMS. METHODS: NAMS enlisted clinical and research experts in the field and a reference librarian to identify and review available evidence. Five different electronic search engines were used to cull relevant literature. Using the literature, experts created a document for final approval by the NAMS Board of Trustees...
November 2015: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
J Langstone, J Ellis, C Cunliffe
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: A quantifiable measure of muscle activity related to the cervical spine may provide further understanding and evidence based support for chiropractic techniques. Surface electromyography (sEMG) is a noninvasive method of measuring muscle activity of the splenius muscle when the horse is at rest. OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a relationship between objective measurable muscle parameters and misalignments and muscle tension in the equine cervical spine...
September 2015: Equine Veterinary Journal
Emilio J Puentedura, William H O'Grady
BACKGROUND: There appears to be very little in the research literature on the safety of thrust joint manipulation (TJM) when applied to the thoracic spine. PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyze all available documented case reports in the literature describing patients who had experienced severe adverse events (AE) after receiving TJM to their thoracic spine. DATA SOURCES: Case reports published in peer reviewed journals were searched in Medline (using Ovid Technologies, Inc...
July 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Per J Palmgren, Klara Bolander Laksov
BACKGROUND: The educational environment has a significant impact on students' behavior, sense of well-being, and academic advancement. While various research methodologies have been used to explore the educational environment, there is a paucity of studies employing qualitative research methods. This study engages in an in-depth exploration of chiropractic students' experiences of the meaning of the educational environment. METHODS: A qualitative approach was employed by interviewing 26 students in four focus group interviews at two different points in time...
2015: BMC Medical Education
Joel Alcantara, Matthew J Leach
AIM: To examine the attitudes and utilization of evidence-based practice by chiropractors. METHODS: Utilizing a descriptive survey implemented as an online questionnaire, we examined chiropractors׳ perception, skills, and level of training, their engagement in, the barriers and facilitators to, and possible interventions to evidence-based practice. RESULTS: A total of 162 of 500 chiropractors completed the survey, providing a response rate of 32...
September 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
H Charles Woodfield, Craig York, Roderic P Rochester, Scott Bales, Mychal Beebe, Bryan Salminen, Jeffrey N Scholten
Presented here is a narrative review of upper cervical procedures intended to facilitate understanding and to increase knowledge of upper cervical chiropractic care. Safety, efficacy, common misconceptions, and research are discussed, allowing practitioners, chiropractic students, and the general public to make informed decisions regarding utilization and referrals for this distinctive type of chiropractic care. Upper cervical techniques share the same theoretical paradigm in that the primary subluxation exists in the upper cervical spine...
June 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Barbara A Mansholt, Robert D Vining, Cynthia R Long, Christine M Goertz
INTRODUCTION: A few spinal manipulation techniques use paraspinal surface thermography as an examination tool that informs clinical-decision making; however, inter-examiner reliability of this interpretation has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to report inter-examiner reliability for classifying cervical paraspinal thermographic findings. METHODS: Seventeen doctors of chiropractic self-reporting a minimum of 2 years of experience using thermography classified thermographic scans into categories (full pattern, partial +, partial, partial -, and adaptation)...
June 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Charles L Blum
INTRODUCTION: The concept of a systematic or predictive relationship between distant vertebral levels distinct from accumulative functional compensatory mechanisms, such as in scoliosis, has been perpetuated within chiropractic technique systems based on clinical observation and experience. This study seeks to investigate this relationship between the cervical and lumbar vertebrae. METHODS: Patients (experimental group n=26 and control group n=12) were selected from the patient base of one office, and were limited to patients that had sensitivity at specific cervical reflex points...
June 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Jeffrey A Quon, Paul B Bishop, Brian Arthur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if effectiveness differs between community-based doctors of chiropractic administering standardized evidence-based care that includes high-velocity low-amplitude spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for acute low back pain (LBP). METHODS: A secondary analysis of randomized controlled trial and observational pilot study data was performed with nonrandom allocation to 4 DCs. Patients included those with Quebec Task Force categories less than or equal to 2 and acute LBP of 2 to 4 weeks' duration...
June 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Katie de Luca, Peter Tuchin, Rod Bonello
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivations, challenges and perceptions of the educational environment of emerging researchers in chiropractic. METHODS: A descriptive web-based survey of higher-degree chiropractic research students was performed between October and November 2013. The survey consisted of open and closed questions and the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure. RESULTS: Twenty-two students currently enrolled in a higher-degree research program participated...
October 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Stanley I Innes, Peter D Werth, Peter J Tuchin, Petra L Graham
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors are frequent providers of care for patients with lower back pain. Biopsychosocial approaches to managing patients are regarded as best practice and are gaining wider acceptance. Recent evidence suggests that practitioners' attitudes and beliefs may also have an important effect on patients' recovery from back pain. Past studies have pooled manual therapists from differing professions. Dissonant findings have been hypothesised as being a result of the chiropractic subpopulation within multi-practitioner participant pools who are hypothesised to focus on biomedical aspects of treatment and minimize biopsychosocial dimensions...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Ruth Q Wolever, Nikita S Goel, Rhonda S Roberts, Karen Caldwell, Benjamin Kligler, Jeffery A Dusek, Adam Perlman, Rowena Dolor, Donald I Abrams
CONTEXT: Integrative medicine (IM) is a rapidly growing field whose providers report clinical success in treating significant stress, chronic pain, and depressive and anxiety symptoms. While IM therapies have demonstrated efficacy for numerous medical conditions, IM for psychological symptoms has been slower to gain recognition in the medical community. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This large, cross-sectional study is the first of its kind to document the psychosocial profiles of 4182 patients at 9 IM clinics that form the BraveNet Practice-Based Research Network (PBRN)...
July 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Vijayendra Murthy, David W Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Back pain is the most prevalent of musculoskeletal conditions, and back pain sufferers have been identified as high users of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Despite lacking evidence, CAM treatments (e.g., acupuncture, chiropractic, and massage) and CAM products (eg, vitamins, supplements, and aromatherapy oils) for back pain care have become widely available internationally, and CAM use by back pain sufferers has become a significant health service issue...
August 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Michael J Schneider, Roni Evans, Mitchell Haas, Matthew Leach, Cheryl Hawk, Cynthia Long, Gregory D Cramer, Oakland Walters, Corrie Vihstadt, Lauren Terhorst
BACKGROUND: Evidence based practice (EBP) is being increasingly utilized by health care professionals as a means of improving the quality of health care. The introduction of EBP principles into the chiropractic profession is a relatively recent phenomenon. There is currently a lack of information about the EBP literacy level of US chiropractors and the barriers/facilitators to the use of EBP in the chiropractic profession. METHODS: A nationwide EBP survey of US chiropractors was administered online (Nov 2012-Mar 2013) utilizing a validated self-report instrument (EBASE) in which three sub-scores are reported: attitudes, skills and use...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Lysbeth Floden, Amy Howerter, Eva Matthews, Mark Nichter, James K Cunningham, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Judith S Gordon, Myra L Muramoto
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has steadily increased globally over the past two decades and is increasingly playing a role in the healthcare system in the United States. CAM practice-based effectiveness research requires an understanding of the settings in which CAM practitioners provide services. This paper describes and quantifies practice environment characteristics for a cross-sectional sample of doctors of chiropractic (DCs), licensed acupuncturists (LAcs), and licensed massage therapists (LMTs) in the United States...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Myra L Muramoto, Eva Matthews, Cheryl K Ritenbaugh, Mark A Nichter
BACKGROUND: Practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are an important and growing presence in health care systems worldwide. A central question is whether evidence-based behavior change interventions routinely employed in conventional health care could also be integrated into CAM practice to address public health priorities. Essential for successful integration are intervention approaches deemed acceptable and consistent with practice patterns and treatment approaches of different types of CAM practitioners - that is, they have context validity...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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