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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643145/the-prognostic-value-of-volume-based-parameters-using-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-in-gastric-cancer-according-to-her2-status
#1
Ji Soo Park, Nare Lee, Seung Hoon Beom, Hyo Song Kim, Choong-Kun Lee, Sun Young Rha, Hyun Cheol Chung, Mijin Yun, Arthur Cho, Minkyu Jung
BACKGROUND: We aimed to find the clinical value of metastatic tumor burden evaluated with F18-FDG PET/CT in gastric cancer patients, considering the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 124 patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer at Yonsei Cancer Center between January 2006 and December 2014 who had undergone baseline FDG PET/CT before first-line chemotherapy. We measured the maximum standardized uptake value from the primary tumor (SUVmax) and whole-body (WB) PET/CT parameters, including WB SUVmax, WB SUVmean, WB metabolic tumor volume (WB MTV), and WB total lesion glycolysis (WB TLG), in all metabolically active metastatic lesions (SUV threshold ≥2...
June 22, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637802/tumor-uptake-of-64-cu-dota-trastuzumab-in-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#2
Joanne E Mortimer, James R Bading, Jinha M Park, Paul H Frankel, Mary I Carroll, Tri T Tran, Erasmus K Poku, Russell C Rockne, Andrew A Raubitschek, John E Shively, David M Colcher
Purpose: To characterize the relationship between tumor uptake of (64)Cu-DOTA-trastuzumab as measured by PET/CT and standard, immunohistochemistry (IHC)-based, histopathologic classification of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status in women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Experimental Design: Women with biopsy-confirmed MBC and not given trastuzumab for [&ge] 2 months underwent complete staging, including (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT. Patients were classified as HER2-positive (HER2+) or negative (HER2-) based on fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-supplemented IHC of biopsied tumor tissue...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624788/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-breast-conservation-therapy-followed-by-radiotherapy-in-four-breast-cancer-subtypes
#3
Xin-Bin Pan, Rou-Jun Chen, Shi-Ting Huang, Yan-Ming Jiang, Xiao-Dong Zhu
The different molecular subtypes of breast cancer are associated with distinct outcomes. We assessed the efficacy of breast conservation therapy (BCT) followed by radiotherapy for patients with different breast cancer subtypes. We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases to identify studies published prior to April 30, 2016 that assessed the efficacy of BCT followed by radiotherapy in breast cancer patients with different molecular subtypes. A meta-analysis of seven studies that included 3,798 luminal A, 770 luminal B, 344 human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her-2), and 767 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients was performed...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611535/biological-subtypes-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Michael Hubalek, Theresa Czech, Hannes Müller
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are defined as tumors that are negative for estrogen, progesterone and HER-2 receptor. At a percentage of 10-20% TNBCs represent a minority in all breast cancers. However, because of the poor prognosis this particular subtype, triple negative disease accounts for a disproportionate number of metastatic cases and breast cancer deaths. Identification of its subtypes is essential for understanding the biological characteristics and clinical behavior of TNBC, as well as for developing personalized treatments...
March 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607590/association-between-snps-in-long-non-coding-rnas-and-the-risk-of-female-breast-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#5
Tao Xu, Xiu-Xiu Hu, Xiang-Xiang Liu, Han-Jin Wang, Kang Lin, Yu-Qin Pan, Hui-Ling Sun, Hong-Xin Peng, Xiao-Xiang Chen, Shu-Kui Wang, Bang-Shun He
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) have been reported to be involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the lncRNAs also play a vital role in carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the four selected tagSNPs (rs944289, rs3787016, rs1456315, rs7463708) in the lncRNAs and the risk of female breast cancer in a Chinese population. A case-control study was carried out involving in a total of 439 breast cancer patients and 439 age-matched healthy controls...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603063/overexpression-of-phosphoprotein-phosphatase-2a-predicts-worse-prognosis-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-15-year-follow-up
#6
Po-Ming Chen, Pei-Yi Chu, Shiao-Lin Tung, Chun-Yu Liu, Yi-Fang Tsai, Yen-Shu Lin, Wan-Lun Wang, Yu-Ling Wang, Pei-Ju Lien, Ta-Chung Chao, Ling-Ming Tseng
Breast cancer subtypes can be stratified by immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2). The signaling pathways mediated by these receptors are the dominant drivers of cell proliferation and survival in the majority of human breast cancers. One of the most frequently overactivated pathways in breast cancer is the AKT signaling cascade. Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) acts as a switch to turn off signal transduction in the AKT pathway; however, it is frequently inactivated in many cancers by phosphorylation of Tyr-307 to form phosphoprotein phosphatase 2A (p-PP2A)...
June 8, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600146/surgical-staging-of-the-axilla-is-it-on-its-way-out-a-retrospective-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Debkumar Chowdhury, Ionela Drehuta, Sanjeet Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the reference standard for axillary staging in all patients with invasive breast cancer. Surgical practices are being reviewed for a more conservative approach to the axilla. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this audit, we studied the incidence of axillary disease in patients with ultrasound negative axilla. The selection criteria are similar to an ongoing national study: female patients, age > 50 years, primary breast lesion < 1...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598255/the-regulatory-role-of-mirnas-on-vdr-in-breast-cancer
#8
Tatyana Singh, Brian D Adams
Triple negative breast cancer has been associated with the lack of three hormone receptors; estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2). However, a host of other steroid hormone receptors such as vitamin D receptor (VDR) are present in triple negative breast cancers, and the role of these hormone receptors in breast tumorigenesis is unclear. The levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) are also expressed differently than in normal mammary epithelial cells. miRNAs are regulatory RNAs involved in various cellular functions, mainly gene silencing...
June 9, 2017: Transcription
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597470/breast-conservation-for-male-breast-cancer-case-report-of-intraoperative-radiation
#9
Ameer Gomberawalla, Peter Liou, Rebecca Martinez, Raj Rajpara, Eileen Connolly, David Horowitz, Sheldon Feldman
Male breast cancer (MBC) comprises <1% of all breast cancers in the United States. MBC is typically treated with total mastectomy while the majority of female breast cancer is treated with breast conservation therapy combined with various forms of radiation. One method that has developed over the last two decades is the use of intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) as a type of accelerated partial breast irradiation to direct the treatment field to the tumor bed. Since overall prognosis and systemic therapy recommendations for MBC are similar to breast cancer in women, we describe the first case of MBC treated with BCS and IORT...
June 8, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596550/booster-immunizations-with-dna-plasmids-encoding-her-2-neu-prevent-spontaneous-mammary-cancer-in-her-2-neu-transgenic-mice-over-life-span
#10
Mauro Provinciali, Alessandra Barucca, Fiorenza Orlando, Elisa Pierpaoli
Cancer vaccines are less effective at old than at young age because of immunosenescence. Besides, in preliminary observations we showed that the immunization with HER-2/neu DNA plasmid in transgenic young mice (standard immunization, SI) delays but not abrogate spontaneous mammary tumours progressively appearing during aging. In this study we evaluated whether booster immunizations (BI) of HER-2/neu transgenic mice with HER-2/neu DNA plasmids every 6 (ECD6), 3 (ECD3), or 1.5 (ECD1.5) months after SI induce a protective immunity that could be maintained over life span...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592099/-study-of-the-association-between-polymorphism-of-persistent-obesity-human-leptin-gene-leptin-receptor-gene-and-molecular-subtypes-of-breast-cancer
#11
X L Yuan, Z P Xu, C R Liu, L P Yan, P Tao, P Xiong, Q Li, M Zhou, H Li, M Zhao, J Y Li
Objectives: To explore the association between the polymorphism of persistent obesity and genetic variations in the LEP (human leptin gene, LEP) and LEPR (leptin receptor gene, LEPR) genes and different molecular subtypes of breast cancer. Methods: All 703 female patients of breast cancer diagnosed by histopathology in the Sichuan Cancer Hospital or the West China Hospital, excluding patients with metastatic breast cancer or mental disease, were selected as cases from April 2014 to May 2015. At the same time, 805 healthy women received physical examination in medical examination center of Sichuan People Hospital or Shuangliu maternal and child health care hospital, excluding those with therioma, breast disease, and mental disease, were enrolled in control group...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580174/effects-of-concomitant-inactivation-of-p53-and-prb-on-response-to-doxorubicin-treatment-in-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#12
Johanna Huun, Per Eystein Lønning, Stian Knappskog
Loss of TP53 and RB1 function have both been linked to poor response to DNA damaging drugs in breast cancer patients. We inactivated TP53 and/or RB1 by siRNA mediated knockdown in breast cancer cell lines varying with respect to ER/PgR and Her-2 status as well as TP53 and RB1 mutation status (MCF-7, T47D, HTB-122 and CRL2324) and determined effects on cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and senescence with or without concomitant treatment with doxorubicin. In T47D cells, we found the cell cycle phase distribution to be altered when inactivating TP53 (P=0...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573512/prognostic-impact-of-her-2-subclonal-amplification-in-breast-cancer
#13
Enrico Di Oto, Alba A Brandes, Maria C Cucchi, Maria P Foschini
The presence of a limited number of cells with HER-2 amplification (Subclonal Amplification) in breast carcinomas is occasionally encountered, but its prognostic impact is poorly known. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic impact of HER-2 Subclonal Amplification in a retrospective series of breast cancers. Accordingly, 81 consecutive breast carcinomas showing HER-2 Subclonal Amplification were obtained from the histology files (case series). These cases were subdivided into two groups: (a) those cases in which the HER-2 Subclonal Amplification was consonant to the accepted criteria for amplification, showing clusters of amplified cells, and (b) those cases with rare HER-2 Subclonal Amplification that did not reflect the accepted criteria for amplification, showing scattered amplified cells only...
June 2, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571140/her2-neu-testing-in-432-consecutive-breast-cancer-cases-using-fish-and-ihc-a-comparative-study
#14
Venkataswamy Eswarachary, Imran Gorur Mohammed, Prashanth K Jayanna, Geeta V Patilokaly, Ashwini R Nargund, Gopal Krishna Dhondalay, Shilpa Prabhudesai, Rashmita Sahoo
INTRODUCTION: The development of trastuzumab, a HER-2/neu targeted monoclonal antibody resulted in significant improvements in clinical response and survival in HER-2/neu gene amplified group of patients. Thus, accurate assessment of HER-2/neu status becomes critical. Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC) are the most commonly used methods for this purpose and specific recommendations exist with regard to the concordance to be observed between the two tests...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570680/the-correlation-between-her-2-expression-and-the-ceus-and-arfi-characteristics-of-breast-cancer
#15
Xiao-Yan Wang, Qiao Hu, Meng-Yuan Fang, Yan He, Hai-Ming Wei, Xue-Xue Chen, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the correlation between the contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) characteristics of breast cancers and the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2). METHODS: HER-2 expression levels in the tumor masses of 167 clearly diagnosed cases of breast cancer were measured and analyzed. The enhancement features and time intensity curve (TIC) of CEUS and virtual touch tissue imaging (VTI) and virtual touch tissue quantification (VTQ) technology of ARFI were employed to analyze the relationship between HER-2 expression and the CEUS and ARFI characteristics of breast cancer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562165/her-2-epstein-barr-virus-crosstalk-in-human-gastric-carcinogenesis-a-novel-concept-of-oncogene-oncovirus-interaction
#16
Farhan S Cyprian, Noor Al-Antary, Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Additionally, it is well-known that metastatic cancer disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Several investigations reported that HER-2 (ErbB-2 receptor) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are important aetiological factors in human gastric cancer, where either oncogene/oncovirus alone can derive a major event of cancer progression and metastasis via epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
May 31, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559636/treating-an-adolescent-with-long-qt-syndrome-for-bipolar-disorder-a-case-presentation
#17
Özlem Önen, Ayşe Kutlu, Handan Özek Erkuran
OBJECTIVES: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is described as the development of sudden syncope attacks or death as a result of ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes that might be observed as elongated QT interval in electrocardiography (ECG). Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is recommended as first-line treatment for the condition in guidelines. We aimed to present an adolescent recently diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder (BD) who had LQTS that was treated with ICD, discussing her follow up and treatment along with relevant literature...
January 26, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551737/recurrent-meningitis
#18
REVIEW
Jon Rosenberg, Benjamin T Galen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recurrent meningitis is a rare clinical scenario that can be self-limiting or life threatening depending on the underlying etiology. This review describes the causes, risk factors, treatment, and prognosis for recurrent meningitis. As a general overview of a broad topic, the aim of this review is to provide clinicians with a comprehensive differential diagnosis to aide in the evaluation and management of a patient with recurrent meningitis. RECENT FINDINGS: New developments related to understanding the pathophysiology of recurrent meningitis are as scarce as studies evaluating the treatment and prevention of this rare disorder...
July 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550675/-prognostic-value-of-sequencing-of-radiotherapy-and-chemotherapy-following-breast-conserving-surgery-for-patients-with-breast-cancer
#19
Q Z Zhong, Z Wang, Y Tang, Q L Rong, S L Wang, J Jin, W H Wang, Y P Liu, Y W Song, H Fang, B Chen, S N Qi, N Li, Y Tang, J H Zhang, Y X Li
Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of sequencing of adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy following breast-conserving surgery for patients with breast cancer. Methods: A total of 1 154 patients withT1-2N0-3M0 breast cancer retrospectively reviewed. All patients received sequential radiotherapy and chemotherapy following breast-conserving surgery. Among them, 603 patients received radiotherapy first and 551 patients received chemotherapy first. Log-rank tests were used to determine significance of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates in the Kaplan-Meier curve...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550668/-the-relationship-between-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-metabolic-parameters-and-clinicopathological-features-of-breast-cancer
#20
B Tang, Y Zhang, J Zhou, Y Xu, T R Li, C Y Ding
Objective: To investigate the relationship between metabolic parameters of primary lesion and clinicopathological features of patients with breast cancer. Methods: Clinical data of 78 patients with breast cancer undergone (18)F-FDG PET/CT before surgery was retrospectively analyzed. SUVmax, SUVmean and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) of primary lesions were measured by horizontal, sagittal and coronal position volume section with a threshold of 40% SUVmax. TLG was calculated and the highest SUVmax among metastatic lymph nodes was measured...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
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