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Epididymal flush

Santiago Jimenez Gonzalez, Jo Gayle Howard, Janine Brown, Henry Grajales, Jorge Pinzón, Haydy Monsalve, María Angélica Moreno, Claudia Jimenez Escobar
A reproductive analysis of a captive group of jaguars (Panthera onca; n = 6) at the Santacruz Zoological Foundation in Cundinamarca, Colombia, was conducted by performing a longitudinal, noninvasive, hormonal analysis of estradiol and progestogens in females and of androgens in males. During four seasons, female jaguars confined in solitary were evaluated for ovarian activity and spontaneous ovulation, male jaguars for testicular activity. A second hormonal follow-up was conducted in the females after administration of gonadotropins...
February 2017: Theriogenology
M Batista, J Vilar, I Rosario, E Terradas
This study assessed the influence of three different anaesthetic protocols on semen quality obtained from the epididymis. Sixty male dogs undergoing to routine sterilization were assigned to three anaesthetic protocols: thiopental group (TG, n = 20), propofol group (PG, n = 20) and ketamine-dexmedetomidine group (KDG, n = 20). Immediately after orchidectomy, the cauda epididymides and vas deferent ducts were isolated and then a retrograde flushing was performed to collect spermatozoa. In experiment 1, after the initial evaluation of the semen (sperm concentration, sperm motility and the percentages of live spermatozoa, abnormal spermatozoa and acrosome membrane integrity), semen samples were diluted in Tris-glucose-egg yolk extender and chilled for 48 hr, and the sperm motility was assessed at 6, 24 and 48 hr...
October 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
T S Castelo, A M Silva, L G P Bezerra, C Y M Costa, A E A Lago, J A B Bezerra, L B Campos, E C G Praxedes, A R Silva
We verify the effects of different cryoprotectants on the cryopreservation of agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) epididymal sperm. We used 16 pairs of testes-epididymis complexes of sexually mature animals. We immediately evaluated epididymal sperm obtained by retrograde flushing for concentration, motility, vigor, viability, osmotic response, and morphology. Samples were extended in a coconut water extender plus 20% egg yolk, containing glycerol, ethylene glycol, dimethylsulfoxide - DMSO, or dimethylformamide. Finally, samples were stored in 0...
December 2015: Cryobiology
Patrícia M Papa, Frederico O Papa, Letícia A Oliveira, Priscilla N Guasti, Caliê Castilho, Ines Cristina Giometti
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different egg yolk extenders incubated with or without Sperm Talp on the motility and plasma membrane integrity of cryopreserved bovine epididymal spermatozoa after freezing. Twenty-five testicles with epididymides from mature bulls were collected at the abattoir. Epididymal sperm recovery was performed by retrograde flushing using a skim milk-extender (Botu-Semen™). After recovery, sperm were incubated either without or with Sperm Talp and then submitted to centrifugation...
October 2015: Animal Reproduction Science
A Monton, L Gil, C Malo, M Olaciregui, N Gonzalez, I de Blas
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fennel and sage extracts and the influence of the egg yolk source (fresh or pasteurized) on the success of freezing boar epididymal spermatozoa. In experiment 1, epididymal sperm was recovered by flushing and cryopreserved in a lactose-egg yolk solution supplemented with various concentrations (10, 5 and 2.5 g/L) of sage or fennel. Sperm quality was evaluated (motility, viability, HOST and acrosome integrity) at 0 h and 2 h after thawing. Fennel 10 g/L and sage 5 g/L and control (no extracts) were selected for experiment 2 which also compared fresh or pasteurized egg yolk in the freezing extender and measured DNA integrity of the frozen sperm...
March 2015: Cryo Letters
M J Maya-Soriano, E Taberner, M Sabés-Alsina, J Ramon, O Rafel, L Tusell, M Piles, M López-Béjar
High temperatures have negative effects on sperm quality leading to temporary or permanent sterility. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of long exposure to summer circadian heat stress cycles on sperm parameters and the motile subpopulation structure of epididymal sperm cells from rabbit bucks. Twelve White New Zealand rabbit bucks were exposed to a daily constant temperature of the thermoneutral zone (from 18 °C to 22 °C; control group) or exposed to a summer circadian heat stress cycles (30 °C, 3 h/day; heat stress group)...
August 2015: Theriogenology
S Neuhauser, S Dörfel, J Handler
Preservation of epididymal spermatozoa is important to save genetic material of endangered species and breeds, or in case of unexpected injury, which will end the breeding career of valuable sires. Seminal plasma (SP) influences sperm quality in a dose-dependent manner and its addition to preserved semen immediately before insemination may be beneficial for sperm fertility. Increased plasma membrane stability of epididymal spermatozoa reduces freezing injury of cells, and the addition of SP after freezing and thawing might have activating and protecting effects on spermatozoa within the female genital tract...
May 2015: Andrology
Tatsuya Hori, Tetsuya Atago, Masanori Kobayashi, Eiichi Kawakami
Canine epididymal sperm was collected from the cauda epididymis using 2 different methods (flushing and mincing) to compare the qualities (the percentage of progressively motile, viable, morphologically abnormal, immature and intact acrosomes) before and after freezing and thawing. No significant difference was noted in the quality of the cauda epididymal sperm immediately after collection and after freezing-thawing between the collection methods, although the mean levels of sperm quality with the flushing method were slightly better than that of the mincing method...
May 2015: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Mark A Baker, Louise Hetherington, Anita Weinberg, Tony Velkov
Spermatozoa are quite unique amongst cell types. Although produced in the testis, both nuclear gene transcription and translation are switched off once the pre-cursor round cell begins to elongate and differentiate into what is morphologically recognized as a spermatozoon. However, the spermatozoon is very immature, having no ability for motility or egg recognition. Both of these events occur once the spermatozoa transit a secondary organ known as the epididymis. During the ~12 day passage that it takes for a sperm cell to pass through the epididymis, post-translational modifications of existing proteins play a pivotal role in the maturation of the cell...
2014: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
V Luño, L Gil, M Olaciregui, R A Jerez, I de Blas, F Hozbor
In this study, we investigated the protective ability of the addition of two antioxidant herb extracts, mate tea and lemon balm, on boar epididymal frozen-thawed spermatozoa quality. Testes from mature boars were collected at local slaughterhouse, and sperm samples from epididymis were recovered by flushing. Spermatozoa were cryopreserved in lactose-egg yolk buffer supplemented with various concentrations of lemon balm and mate tea (0, 2.5, 5 and 10 g l(-1) ) using the straw-freezing procedure. Motion parameters, acrosome and plasma membrane integrity, lipoperoxidation levels and DNA oxidative damage (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine base lesion) were evaluated...
November 2015: Andrologia
José Artur Brilhante Bezerra, Andréia Maria da Silva, Gislayne Christianne Xavier Peixoto, Mariana de Araújo da Silva, Moacir Franco de Oliveira, Alexandre Rodrigues Silva
In order to establish protocols for gamete recovery from accidentally killed wild animals, or to take advantage of those slaughtered by captive breeders, we assess the influence of two methods on the recovery of epididymal sperm from collared peccaries, and verify the effect of centrifugation on such gametes. Genitalia from nine animals were used. For each animal, one epididymis was processed by flotation and the other was processed by retrograde flushing, both using a buffered media based on Tris. Following recovery, sperm were evaluated for motility, vigor, viability, functional membrane integrity, and morphology...
May 2014: Zoological Science
S Sirivaidyapong, N S Mehl, T E Trigg
Stray dogs are a significant problem in large cities. Contraception is an important and useful solution to control the growing population of these dogs. Early-age neutering is an effective technique for canine population control; however, surgical neutering may not be possible in various situations. GnRH-agonist implantation has been successful for long-term reversible contraception in dogs. The efficacy of GnRH-agonist implantation on long-term suppression of reproductive performance was observed in male dogs...
December 2012: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
M J Maya-Soriano, E Taberner, M Sabés-Alsina, M López-Béjar
High temperatures have negative effects on sperm quality leading to temporary or permanent sterility. The study tried to confirm the harmful effects of high temperatures on epididymal sperm cells in comparison with other temperatures (scrotal, environmental, and refrigeration temperatures), the main objective was the assessment of the addition of retinol as an antioxidant agent to improve sperm quality parameters. Testes from 10 bulls were collected from a slaughterhouse. Sperm cells were flushed from the cauda epididymis and deferent duct and assessed for sperm quality parameters at recovery...
January 15, 2013: Theriogenology
F Turri, M Madeddu, T M Gliozzi, G Gandini, F Pizzi
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two extraction methods in combination with two different extenders in bull epididymal sperm collection. Testes from 23 sexually mature Limousine bulls were collected at the abattoir. Epididymal sperm recovery was performed using both the float-up (FL) and the retrograde flushing (RF) technique. Within extraction methods, half testes were processed with a Tris egg yolk extender and half with a Tris egg yolk-free extender. Sperm concentration, motility, viability and morphology were evaluated...
October 2012: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
G A Monteiro, F O Papa, F S Zahn, J A Dellaqua, C M Melo, R R D Maziero, B R Avanzi, M A Alvarenga, P N Guasti
The cryopreservation of epididymal sperm is important to preserve genetic material from valuable deceased males. This study evaluated the viability of sperm samples from eight stallions under three conditions: (1) collected using an artificial vagina (EJ-0h), (2) recovered from the epididymal cauda immediately after orchiectomy (EP-0h), and (3) recovered from the epididymal cauda after 24h of storage at 5°C (EP-24h). To obtain EJ-0h sperm, two ejaculates were collected from each stallion. After 1 week, the stallions were submitted to bilateral orchiectomy, and one of the removed epididymides was flushed to obtain EP-0h sperm...
September 2011: Animal Reproduction Science
C Malo, L Gil, R Cano, F Martínez, I Galé
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the ability of rosemary to protect epididymal boar spermatozoa from freeze-thaw damage. Testis from eight boars were collected at the slaughterhouse in two trials. In the laboratory, sperm from epididymis were recovered by flushing and cryopreserved in lactose-egg yolk solution supplemented with various concentrations (low; medium; high) of rosemary. After thawing, total motility, viability, acrosome integrity, response to hypoosmotic swelling test (HOST) and malonaldehide (MDA) concentration were assessed...
June 2011: Theriogenology
A Heise, P N Thompson, D Gerber
Fresh and post-thaw parameters (motility, morphology and viability) of stallion epididymal spermatozoa that have been and have not been exposed to seminal plasma were evaluated, and directly compared to fresh and post-thaw parameters of ejaculated spermatozoa. Six sperm categories of each stallion (n=4) were evaluated for motility, morphology and viability. These categories were fresh ejaculated spermatozoa (Fr-E), fresh epididymal spermatozoa that had been exposed to seminal plasma (Fr-SP+), fresh epididymal spermatozoa that had never been exposed to seminal plasma (Fr-SP-), frozen-thawed ejaculated spermatozoa (Cr-E), frozen-thawed epididymal spermatozoa that had been exposed to seminal plasma prior to freezing (Cr-SP+) and frozen-thawed epididymal spermatozoa that had never been exposed to seminal plasma (Cr-SP-)...
February 2011: Animal Reproduction Science
M S Ferraz, D J A de Menezes, G T Pessoa, R M Cabral, M J Illera, A R Silva, M A M Carvalho
The objective was to establish a protocol for the collection and evaluation of epididymal sperm in agoutis. Eight males (1-2 y old) underwent left orchidectomy and epididymal sperma were collected by retrograde flush. Average values were flush volume 32 μL, pH 6.9, sperm concentration 748 x 10(6) sperm/mL, with motility 86.5% and vigor 4.6. Viable sperm were present in all flush samples; 66% of sperm were alive, and 41.9% of sperm responded positively to the hypoosmotic test (using distilled water). There were 21...
February 2011: Theriogenology
Margareta Wallgren, Fernando Saravia, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez
In boars, sperm cohorts are sequentially emitted in epididymal cauda fluid and resuspended in different mixtures of accessory sex gland secretions while ejaculated in various fractions. During natural mating, these ejaculate fractions sequentially enter the cervix-uterine lumen, are quickly transported towards the tips of the uterine horns and colonize the oviductal sperm reservoirs (SR). Using a simple experiment, we tested the hypothesis that the first ejaculated sperm subpopulation (fortuitously present in the peak portion of the sperm-rich fraction [SRF], the so-called Portion 1, P1) is, by reaching first the SR, overrepresented there...
February 2010: Journal of Reproduction and Development
Julian Santiago-Moreno, Rafael J Astorga, Inmaculada Luque, Miguel A Coloma, Adolfo Toledano-Díaz, Antonio Pulido-Pastor, Felix Gómez-Guillamon, Ricardo Salas-Vega, Antonio López-Sebastián
The method of sperm recovery may influence the initial quality of sperm samples and their response to freezing-thawing. The aim of the present work was to compare two methods for collecting epididymal spermatozoa in order to improve the quality of recovered sperm and reduce possible contamination. Testes were obtained from 23 legally hunted, adult ibex males. The sperm mass of the right epididymis was collected by small longitudinal and transverse cuts made in the cauda epididymidis. The sperm mass of the left epididymis was collected by retrograde flushing from the vas deferens to the cauda epididymidis (using a cannula), employing a Tris, citric acid, glucose, egg yolk-based medium...
December 2009: Cryobiology
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