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Biliar cancer

Andrés Eduardo Duque
El cáncer de páncreas es la cuarta causa de muerte por cáncer en los Estados Unidos; en el mundo se asocia con 227.000 muertes anuales, aproximadamente. Es producto de múltiples factores, siendo el tabaquismo el principal factor de riesgo.La punción-aspiración con aguja fina guiada por ultrasonido endoscópico es una técnica muy eficaz en el diagnóstico de lesiones neoplásicas del páncreas. El diagnóstico citológico mediante esta técnica debe hacerse según los lineamientos para el sistema pancreático-biliar de la Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology...
September 21, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Alberto MIján de la Torre
El síndrome de caquexia cancerosa es responsable de la muerte de un número significativo de pacientes con cáncer. Se caracteriza por la presencia de una ingesta reducida, con inflamación sistémica y un metabolismo alterado. Los enfermos presentan característicamente una progresiva pérdida de peso y de masa muscular, junto a deterioro funcional. La pérdida muscular se debe a la combinación de reducción de la síntesis proteica con aumento de su degradación. Ello conduce tanto a un acortamiento como a una reducción en el área de la fibra muscular...
June 3, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Deborah Navarro Rosenblatt, Samuel Durán Agüero
Gallbladder cancer is the most malign neoplasm of the biliary tract. Chile presents the third highest prevalence of gallbladder cancer in the Americas, being Chilean women from the city of Valdivia the ones with the highest prevalence. The main risk factors associated with gallbladder cancer are: sex, cholelithiasis, obesity, ethnicity, chronic inflammation, history of infection diseases such as Helicobacter pyloriand Salmonellaand family history of gallbladder cancer. In Chile gallbladder cancer mortality is close to prevalence level...
February 16, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Micaela Germani, Daniel Liberto, Gastón Elmo, Pablo Lobos, Eduardo Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Choledochal cysts (CCs) are rare congenital dilatations of the biliar tree. The incidence is 1:150,000. A correct diagnosis and surgical treatment are important because of the long term risks of infection and neoplasia. We report our experience with CCs in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with CC disease, who were seen at the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires between 1999 and 2009, were identified retrospectively from our prospectively acquired hepato-pancreatico-biliary database...
December 2011: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
Jacek Smigielski, Jarosław Hołyński, Maciej Kococik, Zbigniew Kococik, Mariusz Balcerczak, Janusz Sztompka, Jerzy Wojtysiak, Rafał Drozda, Renata Talar-Wojnarowska, Marek Pazurek, Ewa Małecka-Panas, Krzysztof Kołomecki, Marian Brocki
UNLABELLED: Cholangiocarcinomas have been often met in daily practice. Biliar tract neoplasmas are the most important group in adenomas and papillomas. There is the medical and social problem with cancer patients because they call doctor too late when cancer changes reach a high level and only paliative procedures are recommended. In the most cases the prothesis implanted by ERCP and surgical digestive bypasses are applied. AIM OF THE STUDY: was to evaluate some therapeutic methods in paliative treatment applied in patients with biliary tract cancer...
May 2009: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
N Iarŭmov, S Toshev
Paliative surgery in carcinoma of the head of the pancreas have thoroughly task to carry out decompression of biliar tract, remove duodenal impassability and reduce the pain. Numerous variants for decompression of biliar tract were recommended, but stil now there is no agreement about optimal approach. As method of choise for decompression of biliar tract in patients with cancer our first alternative is making safeless, with little traumatic and easy performance anastomosis. Duodenostasis in patients with carcinoma of the head of the pancreas was determinated clinicly in 40-60% of casees...
2005: Khirurgiia
Łukasz Piskorz, Marian Brocki, Tomasz Lesiak, Leszek Kutwin, Sławomir Jabłonski, Edyta J Santorek-Strumiłło, Szymon Wcisło, Jacek Kordiak
UNLABELLED: Pancreatic cancer is a great surgical problem. Clinical observations confirm 10-15% level of R0 resection ability. Dissatisfying treatment effects results from: lach of simple screening tests, low specificity of methods used to diagnose less than 2 cm lesions, low availability of advanced diagnostic methods (endoscopic ultrasonography), anatomy of pancreatoduodenic area, ability of infiltration adhering structures and causing metastatic tumors. AIM: Retrospective evaluation of treatment methods administered to patients with pancreatic cancer according to different clinical stages...
May 2007: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Alejandro Avilés Salas, Arturo Luévano González, Roberto Herrera Goepfert
More than 80% of primary liver cancers are hepatocellular carcinoma. The second most frequent primary tumors of the liver are cholangiocarcinomas, accounting for about 15% of primary liver cancers. Less frequent tumor types is the combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHC), a rare primary liver tumor showing both hepatocellular and bile duct differentiation, and mostly represent less than 5% of primary liver cancer The histogenesis of CHC has been unclear Differentiation potential of hepatocyte and biliar epithelium is closely related to the common embryonic origin and various states of cellular differentiation...
October 2006: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
O Federici, M Valle, N Moles, B De Rosa, A Garofalo
The surgical treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma foresees, toghether with the gastric resection, the lymph nodes resection as indicated by the Japanese Research Society for Gastric Cancer. Obstructive jaundice, as a consequence of lymph nodes metastases, is one of the most debilitating pattern of recurrence. In the present paper three cases of jaundice, observed during the follow-up, after D2-D3 gastric adenocarcinoma resection, with no evidence of lymph nodes recurrence either at the restaging or at the intraoperative esploration are reported...
May 2005: I Supplementi di Tumori: Official Journal of Società Italiana di Cancerologia ... [et Al.]
Miljko A Pejić, Dragan J Milić
INTRODUCTION: Polypoid lesions of the gallbladder can be divided into benign and malignant categories. Malignant polypoid lesions include carcinomas of the gallbladder, which is the fifth most common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract and the most common malignancy of the biliary tract. Benign polypoid lesions of the gallbladder are divided into true tumors and pseudotumors. Pseudotumors account for most of polypoid lesions of the gallbladder, and include polyps, hyperplasia, and other miscellaneous lesions...
July 2003: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Jens G Brockmann, Carlos A Hernandez, Carlos Emparan, Heiner Wolters, Jörg Haier, Karl-Heinz Dietl, Norbert J Senninger
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of bilio-pancreatic cancer (pancreas, bile duct and gallbladder) is poor due to the fact of late diagnosis. The only curative treatment for such tumors is surgery. The 5-year survival rate is still below 5% and less than one-third of patients suffering from such carcinomas are resectable at the time of diagnosis. Although specific tumor markers do exist, to date there is no screening marker for these diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gallbladder bile of 44 consecutive cholecystectomized patients were prospectively analyzed for TAP concentrations...
March 2003: Anticancer Research
M Paniagua, L Valdés, A Cendán, R Castro
The colorectal neoplasia is the second cause of death from neoplasia in our country, and in international statistics, blaming for this, the dietetic habits of industrialized countries having a high content of satured fat, cholesterol, refined carbohydrate, red meat, and with few dietetic fibers. In the last years special attention has been focused to the action of the total biliar acids (TBA) primarily the secondary ones, over the colon mucosa, showing evidences of cancerous effects. Recently, American authors have published the favoring action of the cellulose fiber over the TBA through a catalytic reaction and their polysterification, inactivating them in their aggressive action over the colon mucosa...
1996: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
M Paniagua Estévez, J Roque Lozano, A Cerdán Cordoví, A Rodríguez Miranda
Since several years ago, the biliar acids have been incriminated in the etiopathogeny of colon cancer and adenomatous polyps, above all the secondary ones, involved by its aggressive action over the colonic epithelium in these mechanisms. The dietetical habits of developed countries have the high responsibility for this situation, their food pattern being a high animal fat diet, high in refined carbohydrates, animal proteins and low in dietetic fiber (diet type "occidental") unlike to developing countries that have a high natural fiber diet, having a much lower incidence in colon cancer and adenomatous polyps...
1994: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
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