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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048954/the-cumulative-probability-of-arrest-by-age-28-years-in-the-united-states-by-disability-status-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#1
Erin J McCauley
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cumulative probability (c) of arrest by age 28 years in the United States by disability status, race/ethnicity, and gender. METHODS: I estimated cumulative probabilities through birth cohort life tables with data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997. RESULTS: Estimates demonstrated that those with disabilities have a higher cumulative probability of arrest (c = 42.65) than those without (c = 29...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043442/sex-and-gender-matters-a-sex-specific-analysis-of-original-articles-published-in-the-wiener-klinische-wochenschrift-between-2013-and-2015
#2
Éva Rásky, Anja Waxenegger, Sylvia Groth, Erwin Stolz, Michel Schenouda, Andrea Berzlanovich
BACKGROUND: The variables sex and gender are significantly related to health and disease of women and men. Aiming at quality research, biomedical publications need to account for the key variables sex and gender. METHODS: All original articles published in the Wiener klinische Wochenschrift between 2013 and 2015 were extracted into a database. As a result, the 195 published articles were selected for review led by the Sex and Gender Equity in Research Guidelines (SAGER) by the European Association of Science Editors (EASE)...
October 17, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037317/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Joyce Ramalho Sousa, Érica Patrícia Cunha Rosa, Ivone Freires de Oliveira Costa Nunes, Cecilia Maria Resende Gonçalves de Carvalho
The objective of this systematic review was to analyze clinical trials carried out for the investigation of the effect of vitamin D supplementation on systemic lupus erythematosus. The research was performed from August to September 2016, without limits regarding year of publication, restriction of gender, age, and ethnicity. For the guiding question, the PICO strategy was employed. To evaluate the quality of the publications the PRISMA protocol and Jadad scale were used. The risk of bias analysis of the clinical trials was performed using the Cochrane collaboration tool...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035883/association-between-allergies-and-hypercholesterolemia-a-systematic-review
#4
Sara Manti, Caterina Cuppari, Lucia Marseglia, Gabriella D'Angelo, Teresa Arrigo, Eloisa Gitto, Salvatore Leonardi, Carmelo Salpietro
BACKGROUND: There is controversy in the literature regarding the potential relationship between atopic predisposition (AP) and serum cholesterol levels. To this purpose, we reviewed human studies that investigated this possible link. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, a literature search of PubMed and Science Direct for peer-reviewed journal articles in English from January 2003, with updates through to August 2016, was conducted. Relevant publications were reviewed that included pediatric and adult populations...
October 17, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034300/generating-method-specific-reference-ranges-a-harmonious-outcome
#5
Graham R Lee, Alison Griffin, Kieran Halton, Maria C Fitzgibbon
OBJECTIVES: When laboratory Reference Ranges (RR) do not reflect analytical methodology, result interpretation can cause misclassification of patients and inappropriate management. This can be mitigated by determining and implementing method-specific RRs, which was the main objective of this study. DESIGN AND METHODS: Serum was obtained from healthy volunteers (Male + Female, n > 120) attending hospital health-check sessions during June and July 2011. Pseudo-anonymised aliquots were stored (at - 70 °C) prior t° analysis on Abbott ARCHITECT c16000 chemistry and i2000SR immunoassay analysers...
December 2017: Pract Lab Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030639/androgen-receptor-increases-hematogenous-metastasis-yet-decreases-lymphatic-metastasis-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Qingbo Huang, Yin Sun, Xin Ma, Yu Gao, Xintao Li, Yuanjie Niu, Xu Zhang, Chawnshang Chang
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a gender-biased tumor. Here we report that there is also a gender difference between pulmonary metastasis and lymph node metastasis showing that the androgen receptor (AR)-positive ccRCC may prefer to metastasize to lung rather than to lymph nodes. A higher AR expression increases ccRCC hematogenous metastasis yet decreases ccRCC lymphatic metastases. Mechanism dissection indicates that AR enhances miR-185-5p expression via binding to the androgen response elements located on the promoter of miR-185-5p, which suppresses VEGF-C expression via binding to its 3' UTR...
October 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029525/association-between-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Lei Zhao, Heng-Rui Liang, Feng-Ying Chen, Zi Chen, Wei-Jie Guan, Jian-Hua Li
Air pollutant levels in many Chinese cities remained significantly higher than the upper limits stated in World Health Organization guidelines. In light of limited evidence in China, we conducted a meta-analysis summarizing the association between acute exposure of air pollution and cardiovascular mortality. We searched PubMed, and CNKI databases etc. for literature published in English or Chinese up to January 2017. Outcomes were pooled and compared using random-effects model. Excess risks (ERs) per 10 μg/m(3) increase in PM2...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028559/-what-s-the-right-thing-to-do-correctional-healthcare-providers-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-caring-for-transgender-inmates
#8
Kirsty A Clark, Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis
RATIONAL: Incarcerated transgender individuals may need to access physical and mental health services to meet their general and gender-affirming (e.g., hormones, surgery) medical needs while incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine correctional healthcare providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences providing care to transgender inmates. METHOD: In 2016, 20 correctional healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, social workers, psychologists, mental health counselors) from New England participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews examining their experiences caring for transgender inmates...
October 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027898/surgery-versus-antibiotics-for-uncomplicated-appendicitis-which-would-a-medical-student-want
#9
Alison R Althans, Pierre Tamer, Justin T Brady, Emily Steinhagen, Vanessa P Ho
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that treatment of acute, uncomplicated appendicitis (AUA) with antibiotics is as effective as surgery. A 2015 study indicated that more than 50% of patients would choose antibiotic therapy. Medical students represent a unique population of potential patients with greater medical knowledge than the general public and possibly less bias than practicing physicians. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate what the MEDICAL STUDENT'S treatment choice for AUA would be and what factors influence these decisions...
October 13, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027632/let-us-talk-about-eggs-professional-resistance-to-elective-egg-vitrification-and-gendered-medical-paternalism
#10
Judit Sándor, Lilla Vicsek, Zsófia Bauer
In this paper, by applying a feminist bioethical perspective, we identify a new form of medical paternalism that still shapes contemporary legal policies on human egg cryopreservation performed without medical reasons. The fear of negligent, careless women who opt to delay their pregnancy for mere convenience is a widely known gender biased stereotype. Nevertheless, the opinions and judgments of medical professionals on this issue have not yet been sufficiently explored by in-depth research. In this essay, therefore, first we look at the broader bioethical, legal, and social aspects of human egg cryopreservation...
October 13, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#11
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024962/age-related-changes-in-headache-days-across-the-cognitive-spectrum
#12
Karl Echiverri, Gregory A Jicha, Jonathan H Smith
Introduction: Prior studies demonstrating age-related declines in headache prevalence have not accounted for the potentially confounding effects of cognitive impairment. Our primary goal was to assess the relationship between aging and self-reported monthly headache days across the cognitive spectrum. Methods: A detailed headache questionnaire was included prospectively as part of an annual mailing to participants in the Sanders-Brown Center on Aging longitudinal cohort...
August 4, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023525/multisensory-emotion-perception-in-congenitally-early-and-late-deaf-ci-users
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ineke Fengler, Elena Nava, Agnes K Villwock, Andreas Büchner, Thomas Lenarz, Brigitte Röder
Emotions are commonly recognized by combining auditory and visual signals (i.e., vocal and facial expressions). Yet it is unknown whether the ability to link emotional signals across modalities depends on early experience with audio-visual stimuli. In the present study, we investigated the role of auditory experience at different stages of development for auditory, visual, and multisensory emotion recognition abilities in three groups of adolescent and adult cochlear implant (CI) users. CI users had a different deafness onset and were compared to three groups of age- and gender-matched hearing control participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020761/level-of-agreement-and-factors-associated-with-discrepancies-between-nationwide-medical-history-questionnaires-and-hospital-claims-data
#14
Yeon-Yong Kim, Jong Heon Park, Hee-Jin Kang, Eun Joo Lee, Seongjun Ha, Soon-Ae Shin
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate the agreement between medical history questionnaire data and claims data and to identify the factors that were associated with discrepancies between these data types. Methods: Data from self-reported questionnaires that assessed an individual's history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, stroke, heart disease, and pulmonary tuberculosis were collected from a general health screening database for 2014...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018541/results-from-a-retrospective-analysis-of-colonoscopies-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-colorectal-cancer-in-a-lebanese-tertiary-care-centre
#15
Toufic Saber, Khalil Bedran, Fatima Ghandour, Mansour El Khoury, Roula Bou Khalil, Said Farhat
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) and colorectal cancer have an increased impact on the Lebanese population's morbidity and mortality. This study evaluated the situation of IBD and colorectal cancer at a tertiary hospital centre in Lebanon. METHODS: 1007 patients underwent colonoscopy over a period of 12 months by qualified physicians. 91 patients were excluded from the study. Biopsy results were divided into normal versus abnormal colonic tissue...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018398/an-assessment-of-the-dimensionality-and-factorial-structure-of-the-revised-paranormal-belief-scale
#16
Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Denovan, Neil Dagnall, Andrew Parker
Since its introduction, the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale (RPBS) has developed into a principal measure of belief in the paranormal. Accordingly, the RPBS regularly appears within parapsychological research. Despite common usage, academic debates continue to focus on the factorial structure of the RPBS and its psychometric integrity. Using an aggregated heterogeneous sample (N = 3,764), the present study tested the fit of 10 factorial models encompassing variants of the most commonly proposed solutions (seven, five, two, and one-factor) plus new bifactor alternatives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994471/god-of-the-hinge-treating-lgbtqia-patients
#17
Annie Boland
This paper looks at systems of gender within the context of analysis. It explores the unique challenges of individuation faced by transsexual, transgender, gender queer, gender non-conforming, cross-dressing and intersex patients. To receive patients generously we need to learn how a binary culture produces profound and chronic trauma. These patients wrestle with being who they are whilst simultaneously receiving negative projections and feeling invisible. While often presenting with the struggles of gender conforming individuals, understanding the specifically gendered aspect of their identity is imperative...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991848/the-feedback-tango-an-integrative-review-and-analysis-of-the-content-of-the-teacher-learner-feedback-exchange
#18
Robert Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis, Victoria Hayes, Robert Trowbridge, Heather Kemp, Dina McKelvy
PURPOSE: To conduct an integrative review and analysis of the literature on the content of feedback to learners in medical education. METHOD: Following completion of a scoping review in 2016, the authors analyzed a subset of articles published through 2015 describing the analysis of feedback exchange content in various contexts: audiotapes, clinical examination, feedback cards, multisource feedback, videotapes, and written feedback. Two reviewers extracted data from these articles and identified common themes...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990246/excited-delirium-a-systematic-review
#19
Philippe Gonin, Nicolas Beysard, Bertrand Yersin, Pierre-Nicolas Carron
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology of excited delirium syndrome (ExDS) and to summarize evidence-based treatment recommendations. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, Ovid, Web of Knowledge, and Cochrane Library for articles published to March 18, 2017. We also searched the grey literature (Google Scholar) and official police or medical expert reports to complete specific epidemiological data...
October 9, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988000/development-and-assessment-of-stressful-life-events-subscales-a-preliminary-analysis
#20
Teresa Buccheri, Salma Musaad, Kelly K Bost, Barbara H Fiese
BACKGROUND: Stress affects people of all ages, genders, and cultures and is associated with physical and psychological complications. Stressful life events are an important research focus and a psychometrically valid measure could provide useful clinical information. The purpose of the study was to develop a reliable and valid measurement of stressful life events and to assess its reliability and validity using established measures of social support, stress, depression, anxiety and maternal and child health...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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