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Probiotics in newborn

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022648/probiotics-for-experimental-obesity-prevention-focus-on-strain-dependence-and-viability-of-composition
#1
Nazarii Kobyliak, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Tetyana Beregova, Mykola Spivak
INTRODUCTION: a comparative animal study of the efficacy of intermittent short-course administration of lyophilised single-, three-, and live multistrain probiotic on obesity. METHODS: We included 70 rats divided into seven groups (n = 10 in each). Rats of group I were intact. Newborn rats of groups II-VII were injected with monosodium glutamate (MSG) (4 mg/g). Rats of group II (MSG-obesity group) were untreated. The group III-V received lyophilised monoprobiotics B...
October 12, 2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969890/lactobacillus-reuteri-for-infants-with-colic-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Nicole Y Fatheree, Yuying Liu, Christopher M Taylor, Thomas K Hoang, Chunyan Cai, Mohammad H Rahbar, Manouchehr Hessabi, Michael Ferris, Valarie McMurtry, Christine Wong, Ta Vu, Theresa Dancsak, Ting Wang, Wallace Gleason, Vinay Bandla, Fernando Navarro, Dat Q Tran, J Marc Rhoads
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety of probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri strain Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen (DSM) 17938 with daily administration to healthy infants with colic and to determine the effect of L reuteri strain DSM 17938 on crying, fussing, inflammatory, immune, and microbiome variables. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a controlled, double-blinded, phase 1 safety and tolerability trial in healthy breast-fed infants with colic, aged 3 weeks to 3 months, randomly assigned to L reuteri strain DSM 17938 (5 × 10(8) colony-forming units daily) or placebo for 42 days and followed for 134 days...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968208/efficacy-and-stability-studies-of-microbial-folate-fortified-fruit-juices-prepared-using-probiotic-microorganism
#3
S Deep, S Ojha, S Kundu
Folate, natural form of water soluble vitamin folic acid, is significant for humans as involved in most important metabolic reactions i.e. nucleotide synthesis and amino acid inter conversions. Thus its deficiency causes neural tube defects in newborns and cardiovascular diseases, and cancers. Humans cannot synthesize folate de novo so consumption through diet is essential. Natural food sources, supplements and fortified food products are the choices available to complete the Daily recommended intake. However microbial fortification using probiotics recently gained wide attention due to dual advantage of natural food matrix with enhanced folate content along with the probiotics benefits...
July 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942491/modulation-of-type-1-diabetes-risk-by-the-intestinal-microbiome
#4
REVIEW
Mikael Knip, Jarno Honkanen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize potential modulations of the intestinal microbiome aimed at preventing or delaying progression to overt type 1 diabetes in the light of recently identified perturbations of the gut microbiota associated with the development of type 1 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Accumulated data suggest that the gut microbiota is involved at two different steps in the evolution of type 1 diabetes. At the first step, the intestinal tract is colonized by a microbial community unable to provide an adequate education of the immune system...
September 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877893/randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-impact-of-early-life-intervention-with-bifidobacteria-on-the-healthy-infant-fecal-microbiota-and-metabolome
#5
Monika Bazanella, Tanja V Maier, Thomas Clavel, Ilias Lagkouvardos, Marianna Lucio, Maria X Maldonado-Gòmez, Chloe Autran, Jens Walter, Lars Bode, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Dirk Haller
Background: Early-life colonization of the intestinal tract is a dynamic process influenced by numerous factors. The impact of probiotic-supplemented infant formula on the composition and function of the infant gut microbiota is not well defined.Objective: We sought to determine the effects of a bifidobacteria-containing formula on the healthy human intestinal microbiome during the first year of life.Design: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of newborn infants assigned to a standard whey-based formula containing a total of 10(8) colony-forming units (CFU)/g of Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, B...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858247/probiotic-supplementation-in-preterm-feeding-intolerance-and-hospital-cost
#6
Flavia Indrio, Giuseppe Riezzo, Silvio Tafuri, Maria Ficarella, Barbara Carlucci, Massimo Bisceglia, Lorenzo Polimeno, Ruggiero Francavilla
We hypothesized that giving the probiotic strain Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) DSM 17938 to preterm, formula-fed infants would prevent an early traumatic intestinal inflammatory insult modulating intestinal cytokine profile and reducing the onset of feeding intolerance. Newborn were randomly allocated during the first 48 h of life to receive either daily probiotic (10⁸ colony forming units (CFUs) of L. reuteri DSM 17938) or placebo for one month. All the newborns underwent to gastric ultrasound for the measurement of gastric emptying time...
August 31, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813407/global-health-probiotic-prevents-infections-in-newborns
#7
Daniel J Tancredi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770479/effect-of-milk-fermented-with-lactic-acid-bacteria-on-diarrheal-incidence-growth-performance-and-microbiological-and-blood-profiles-of-newborn-dairy-calves
#8
N C Maldonado, J Chiaraviglio, E Bru, L De Chazal, V Santos, M E F Nader-Macías
The effect of the administration of milk fermented with lactic acid bacteria to calves was evaluated. The strains included were: Lactobacillus murinus CRL1695, Lact. mucosae CRL1696, Lact. johnsonii CRL1693, and Lact. salivarius CRL1702, which were selected for their beneficial and functional properties and isolated from healthy calves in the northwestern region of Argentina. The trial was conducted on a dairy farm located in Tucumán (Holando-Argentino calves). A randomized controlled trial was performed in which 56 new-born animals were divided into two groups: the treated group (T) received the fermented milk for 60 days and the control group (C) only milk...
August 2, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743928/effect-of-probiotics-on-the-meat-flavour-and-gut-microbiota-of-chicken
#9
Yan Wang, Jing Sun, Hang Zhong, Nianzhen Li, Hengyong Xu, Qing Zhu, Yiping Liu
To date, no report has demonstrated the use of beneficial microbes for contributing to the flavour characteristics and gut microbiota diversity of chicken. Here, we selected six probiotics obtained from our laboratory and supplemented them in six different combinations to 420 newborn male Qingjiaoma chickens under the same controlled living environment (60 birds, no probiotic supplements). The results showed that chicken supplemented with Bacillus species showed beneficial effects in body weight. Acetate is the major fermentation production in the chicken caecum, and chicken supplemented with Pediococcus pentosaceus had the average higher short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) contents...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720151/supplementation-with-lactobacillus-paracasei-or-pediococcus-pentosaceus-does-not-prevent-diarrhoea-in-neonatal-pigs-infected-with-escherichia-coli-f18
#10
Anders D Andersen, Malene S Cilieborg, Charlotte Lauridsen, Anne Louise Mørkbak, Per Torp Sangild
Infectious diarrhoea is a worldwide problem in newborns. Optimal bacterial colonisation may enhance gut maturation and protect against pathogenic bacteria after birth. We hypothesised that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) administration prevents pathogen-induced diarrhoea in formula-fed newborns. Newborn caesarean-delivered, colostrum-deprived term piglets on parenteral nutrition for the first 15 h, were used as models for sensitive newborn infants. A commercially available probiotic strain, Lactobacillus paracasei F19 (LAP, 2·6×108 colony-forming units (CFU)/kg per d) and a novel LAB isolate, Pediococcus pentosaceus (PEP, 1·3×1010 CFU/kg per d), were administered for 5 d with or without inoculation of the porcine pathogen, Escherichia coli F18 (F18, 1010 CFU/d)...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713275/probiotics-supplementation-therapy-for-pathological-neonatal-jaundice-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Zhe Chen, Lingli Zhang, Linan Zeng, Xiaoyan Yang, Lucan Jiang, Ge Gui, Zuojie Zhang
Background: Neonatal jaundice is a relatively prevalent disease and affects approximately 2.4-15% newborns. Probiotics supplementation therapy could assist to improve the recovery of neonatal jaundice, through enhancing immunity mainly by regulating bacterial colonies. However, there is limited evidence regarding the effect of probiotics on bilirubin level in neonates. Therefore, this study aims at systematically evaluating the efficacy and safety of probiotics supplement therapy for pathological neonatal jaundice...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712023/selection-of-potential-probiotic-lactobacillus-with-inhibitory-activity-against-salmonella-and-fecal-coliform-bacteria
#12
Mattika Abhisingha, Jureeporn Dumnil, Chetsadaporn Pitaksutheepong
Three hundred and sixty presumptive lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from pregnant sows, newborn, suckling, and weaned piglets were preliminarily screened for anti-Salmonella activity. Fifty-eight isolates consisting of Lactobacillus reuteri (n = 32), Lactobacillus salivarius (n = 10), Lactobacillus mucosae (n = 8), Lactobacillus johnsonii (n = 5), and Lactobacillus crispatus (n = 3) were selected and further characterized for probiotic properties including production of antimicrobial substances, acid and bile tolerance, and cell adherence to Caco-2 cells...
July 15, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643627/bifidobacteria-and-their-health-promoting-effects
#13
REVIEW
Claudio Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Susana Delgado, Lorena Ruiz, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo, Borja Sánchez, Abelardo Margolles
Bifidobacteria are members of the intestinal microbiota of mammals and other animals, and some strains are able to exert health-promoting effects. The genus Bifidobacterium belongs to the Actinobacteria phylum. Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Actinobacteria constitute the most abundant phyla in the human intestinal microbiota, Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes being predominant in adults, and Actinobacteria in breast-fed infants, where bifidobacteria can reach levels higher than 90% of the total bacterial population...
June 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638850/probiotic-lactobacillus-species-strengthen-intestinal-barrier-function-and-tight-junction-integrity-in-experimental-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#14
Brian P Blackwood, Carrie Y Yuan, Douglas R Wood, Joseph D Nicolas, Justyna S Grothaus, Catherine J Hunter
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious intestinal disease that occurs in newborn infants. It is associated with major morbidity and affects 5% of all infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Probiotics have variable efficacy in preventing necrotizing enterocolitis. Tight junctions (TJ) are protein complexes that maintain epithelial barrier integrity. We hypothesized that the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus plantarum strengthen intestinal barrier function, promote TJ integrity, and protect against experimental NEC...
April 2017: J Probiotics Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596951/early-life-host-microbiome-interphase-the-key-frontier-for-immune-development
#15
REVIEW
Nelly Amenyogbe, Tobias R Kollmann, Rym Ben-Othman
Human existence can be viewed as an "animal in a microbial world." A healthy interaction of the human host with the microbes in and around us heavily relies on a well-functioning immune system. As development of both the microbiota and the host immune system undergo rapid changes in early life, it is not surprising that even minor alterations during this co-development can have profound consequences. Scrutiny of existing data regarding pre-, peri-, as well as early postnatal modulators of newborn microbiota indeed suggest strong associations with several immune-mediated diseases with onset far beyond the newborn period...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596790/high-doses-of-halotolerant-gut-indigenous-lactobacillus-plantarum-reduce-cultivable-lactobacilli-in-newborn-calves-without-increasing-its-species-abundance
#16
Alexander Rodriguez-Palacios, Henry R Staempfli, J Scott Weese
To elucidate the ecological effect of high oral doses of halotolerant (resistant to table salt) indigenous-gut bacteria on other commensals early in life, we conducted a culture-based study to quantify the effect of intestinal Lactobacillus plantarum strain of bovine origin (with remarkable aerobic growth capabilities and inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and F5) on clinical health and gut lactobacilli/coliforms in newborn calves. In a double-blind placebo-randomized trial twelve colostrum-fed calves, consecutively born at a farm, were fed L...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593775/-the-importance-of-maternal-microbiome-in-pregnancy
#17
J Záhumenský, J Hederlingová, P Pšenková
OBJECTIVE: To bring the most actual published findings of the influence of maternal microbiome on the development of pregnancy and possibilities of its adjusting. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: 2nd Department of Gyneacology and Obstetrics of the Faculty of Medicine and the University Hospital, Bratislava. METHODS: Review of the literature. CONCLUSIONS: The appearance of microbes on various body surface areas determines the overall health status of the individual in significant manner...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554713/different-capacity-of-in-vitro-generated-myeloid-dendritic-cells-of-newborns-of-healthy-and-allergic-mothers-to-respond-to-probiotic-strain-e-coli-o83-k24-h31
#18
Lenka Súkeníková, Viktor Černý, Olga Novotná, Petra Petrásková, Kristýna Boráková, Libuše Kolářová, Ludmila Prokešová, Jiří Hrdý
Allergic diseases belong to one of the most common diseases with steadily increasing incidence even among young children. There is an urgent need to identify a prognostic marker pointing to increased risk of allergy development enabling early preventive measures introduction. It has been shown that administration of selected probiotic strains or mixtures could prevent allergy development. In our study, we have tested the capacity of probiotic strain Escherichia coli O83:K24:H31 (E. coli O83) to promote dendritic cell (DC) maturation and polarisation of immune responses...
September 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527759/selection-of-new-lactic-acid-bacteria-strains-bearing-probiotic-features-from-mucosal-microbiota-of-healthy-calves-looking-for-immunobiotics-through-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-approaches-for-immunoprophylaxis-applications
#19
Sávio Sandes, Luige Alvim, Bruno Silva, Leonardo Acurcio, Cinara Santos, Márcia Campos, Camila Santos, Jacques Nicoli, Elisabeth Neumann, Álvaro Nunes
From the birth, since their mucosal microbiota and immune system are not fully developed, newborn calves are susceptible to several mucosal pathogenic microorganisms. Operating through humoral and non-humoral mechanisms in the host, several lactic acid bacteria strains bearing probiotic features are often employed in livestock as food supplement, improving animal production performance, promoting health and reducing the severity of mucosal infections. Accordingly, we isolated, species-level identified and screened for their probiotic potentials seventy lactic acid bacteria strains from upper airway, vaginal and intestinal mucosa of healthy calves...
July 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387884/the-probiotics-in-dentistry-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
A M Pujia, M Costacurta, L Fortunato, G Merra, S Cascapera, M Calvani, S Gratteri
The total number of microbes that colonize the human body is far greater than the number of cells that make it up. In recent years, it has been shown that bacteria play an essential role in the body; in fact, they are essential for the maturation of the intestine, the development and control of the immune system, the development of the brain, the metabolism of macronutrients, the synthesis of vitamins, and the energy balance. Bacteria play an essential role in defense of their territory against the entry of other bacteria that may be pathogenic to health...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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