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Probiotics in newborn

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643627/bifidobacteria-and-their-health-promoting-effects
#1
Claudio Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Susana Delgado, Lorena Ruiz, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo, Borja Sánchez, Abelardo Margolles
Bifidobacteria are members of the intestinal microbiota of mammals and other animals, and some strains are able to exert health-promoting effects. The genus Bifidobacterium belongs to the Actinobacteria phylum. Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Actinobacteria constitute the most abundant phyla in the human intestinal microbiota, Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes being predominant in adults, and Actinobacteria in breast-fed infants, where bifidobacteria can reach levels higher than 90% of the total bacterial population...
June 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638850/probiotic-lactobacillus-species-strengthen-intestinal-barrier-function-and-tight-junction-integrity-in-experimental-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#2
Brian P Blackwood, Carrie Y Yuan, Douglas R Wood, Joseph D Nicolas, Justyna S Grothaus, Catherine J Hunter
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious intestinal disease that occurs in newborn infants. It is associated with major morbidity and affects 5% of all infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Probiotics have variable efficacy in preventing necrotizing enterocolitis. Tight junctions (TJ) are protein complexes that maintain epithelial barrier integrity. We hypothesized that the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus plantarum strengthen intestinal barrier function, promote TJ integrity, and protect against experimental NEC...
April 2017: J Probiotics Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596951/early-life-host-microbiome-interphase-the-key-frontier-for-immune-development
#3
REVIEW
Nelly Amenyogbe, Tobias R Kollmann, Rym Ben-Othman
Human existence can be viewed as an "animal in a microbial world." A healthy interaction of the human host with the microbes in and around us heavily relies on a well-functioning immune system. As development of both the microbiota and the host immune system undergo rapid changes in early life, it is not surprising that even minor alterations during this co-development can have profound consequences. Scrutiny of existing data regarding pre-, peri-, as well as early postnatal modulators of newborn microbiota indeed suggest strong associations with several immune-mediated diseases with onset far beyond the newborn period...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596790/high-doses-of-halotolerant-gut-indigenous-lactobacillus-plantarum-reduce-cultivable-lactobacilli-in-newborn-calves-without-increasing-its-species-abundance
#4
Alexander Rodriguez-Palacios, Henry R Staempfli, J Scott Weese
To elucidate the ecological effect of high oral doses of halotolerant (resistant to table salt) indigenous-gut bacteria on other commensals early in life, we conducted a culture-based study to quantify the effect of intestinal Lactobacillus plantarum strain of bovine origin (with remarkable aerobic growth capabilities and inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and F5) on clinical health and gut lactobacilli/coliforms in newborn calves. In a double-blind placebo-randomized trial twelve colostrum-fed calves, consecutively born at a farm, were fed L...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593775/-the-importance-of-maternal-microbiome-in-pregnancy
#5
J Záhumenský, J Hederlingová, P Pšenková
OBJECTIVE: To bring the most actual published findings of the influence of maternal microbiome on the development of pregnancy and possibilities of its adjusting. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: 2nd Department of Gyneacology and Obstetrics of the Faculty of Medicine and the University Hospital, Bratislava. METHODS: Review of the literature. CONCLUSIONS: The appearance of microbes on various body surface areas determines the overall health status of the individual in significant manner...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554713/different-capacity-of-in-vitro-generated-myeloid-dendritic-cells-of-newborns-of-healthy-and-allergic-mothers-to-respond-to-probiotic-strain-e-coli-o83-k24-h31
#6
Lenka Súkeníková, Viktor Černý, Olga Novotná, Petra Petrásková, Kristýna Boráková, Libuše Kolářová, Ludmila Prokešová, Jiří Hrdý
Allergic diseases belong to one of the most common diseases with steadily increasing incidence even among young children. There is an urgent need to identify a prognostic marker pointing to increased risk of allergy development enabling early preventive measures introduction. It has been shown that administration of selected probiotic strains or mixtures could prevent allergy development. In our study, we have tested the capacity of probiotic strain Escherichia coli O83:K24:H31 (E. coli O83) to promote dendritic cell (DC) maturation and polarisation of immune responses...
May 26, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527759/selection-of-new-lactic-acid-bacteria-strains-bearing-probiotic-features-from-mucosal-microbiota-of-healthy-calves-looking-for-immunobiotics-through-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-approaches-for-immunoprophylaxis-applications
#7
Sávio Sandes, Luige Alvim, Bruno Silva, Leonardo Acurcio, Cinara Santos, Márcia Campos, Camila Santos, Jacques Nicoli, Elisabeth Neumann, Álvaro Nunes
From the birth, since their mucosal microbiota and immune system are not fully developed, newborn calves are susceptible to several mucosal pathogenic microorganisms. Operating through humoral and non-humoral mechanisms in the host, several lactic acid bacteria strains bearing probiotic features are often employed in livestock as food supplement, improving animal production performance, promoting health and reducing the severity of mucosal infections. Accordingly, we isolated, species-level identified and screened for their probiotic potentials seventy lactic acid bacteria strains from upper airway, vaginal and intestinal mucosa of healthy calves...
July 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387884/the-probiotics-in-dentistry-a-narrative-review
#8
A M Pujia, M Costacurta, L Fortunato, G Merra, S Cascapera, M Calvani, S Gratteri
The total number of microbes that colonize the human body is far greater than the number of cells that make it up. In recent years, it has been shown that bacteria play an essential role in the body; in fact, they are essential for the maturation of the intestine, the development and control of the immune system, the development of the brain, the metabolism of macronutrients, the synthesis of vitamins, and the energy balance. Bacteria play an essential role in defense of their territory against the entry of other bacteria that may be pathogenic to health...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370715/l-fermentum-cect-5716-prevents-stress-induced-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-in-newborn-rats
#9
T Vanhaecke, P Aubert, P-A Grohard, T Durand, P Hulin, P Paul-Gilloteaux, A Fournier, F Docagne, A Ligneul, C Fressange-Mazda, P Naveilhan, H Boudin, P Le Ruyet, M Neunlist
BACKGROUND: Intestinal epithelial barrier (IEB) dysfunction plays a critical role in various intestinal disorders affecting infants and children, including the development of food allergies and colitis. Recent studies highlighted the role of probiotics in regulating IEB functions and behavior in adults, but their effects in the newborn remain largely unknown. We therefore characterized in rat pups, the impact of Lactobacillus fermentum CECT 5716 (L. fermentum) on stress-induced IEB dysfunction, systemic immune response and exploratory behavior...
March 31, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368269/probiotics-for-promoting-feed-tolerance-in-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Shashidhar, P N Suman Rao, Saudamini Nesargi, Swarnarekha Bhat, B S Chandrakala
OBJECTIVE: To measure the efficacy of a probiotic formulation on time to reach full enteral feeds in VLBW (very low birth weight) newborns. DESIGN: Blinded randomized control trial. SETTING: A tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Southern India between August 2012 to November 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 104 newborns with a birth weight of 750-1499 g on enteral feeds. INTERVENTION: Probiotic group (n=52) received a multicomponent probiotic formulation of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium longum and Saccharomyces boulardii once a day at a dose of 1...
May 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346920/microbial-composition-of-the-initial-colonization-of-newborns
#11
Samuli Rautava
Early-life interaction with indigenous intestinal microbes is a prerequisite for healthy immune and metabolic maturation. Human infants acquire their gut microbiota predominantly from the mother. A considerable inoculum of microbes is received by the neonate during vaginal delivery. Recent observations suggest that human gut colonization may be initiated prenatally by microbes in amniotic fluid, but the significance of this phenomenon remains unknown. After birth, neonatal gut colonization is guided by human milk factors, which selectively promote the growth of specific microbes, as well as by live microbes present in human milk...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278201/the-symbiotic-bacterial-surface-factor-polysaccharide-a-on-bacteroides-fragilis-inhibits-il-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-in-human-fetal-enterocytes-via-toll-receptors-2-and-4
#12
Fei Jiang, Di Meng, Meiqian Weng, Weishu Zhu, Wenxue Wu, Dennis Kasper, W Allan Walker
Colonizing bacteria interacting with the immature, unlike the mature, human intestine favors inflammation over immune homeostasis. As a result, ten percent of premature infants under 1500 grams weight develop an inflammatory necrosis of the intestine after birth, e.g., necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). NEC is a major health problem in this population causing extensive morbidity and mortality and an enormous expenditure of health care dollars. NEC can be prevented by giving preterm infants their mother's expressed breast milk or ingesting selective probiotic organisms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998852/-isolation-identification-and-lead-adsorption-study-of-lead-resistant-lactobacillus-casei-strains-from-feces-of-healthy-newborns
#13
Wei Shen, Qin-Fei Yu, Yu-Hao Wang, Yi-Duo Zhang, Xiao-Jing Meng, Hong-Ying Fan
OBJECTIVE: To isolate and identify lead-resistant Lactobacillus casei strains with lead adsorption ability from the stool of healthy newborns as a new source of bacteria for developing lead-eliminating food products. METHODS: MRS was used to isolate lead-resistant bacteria from the feces of 30 healthy and full-term neonates. A phylogenetic tree was constructed based on the morphological characteristics and 16S rRNA sequences of the isolated bacteria. Physiological and biochemical characterizations of the bacteria were performed according to the Berger's Systematic Bacteriology Handbook, followed by antimicrobial susceptibility test and acid-tolerant bile salt test...
December 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882741/bacteremia-induced-by-bifidobacterium-breve-in-a-newborn-with-cloacal-exstrophy
#14
Shinichi Sato, Toshihiko Uchida, Shota Kuwana, Kazuto Sasaki, Tatsuya Watanabe, Junko Saito, Takahiro Kawaji
Bifidobacterium breve is an effective probiotic agent used in the field of neonatology. Although B. breve has been considered safe, a case of B. breve bacteremia has been reported. The pathogenic mechanism underlying the bacteremia is unknown. Herein, we report a second case of B. breve bacteremia that developed in a neonate with multiple abdominal organ anomalies. Following surgical repair immediately after birth, B. breve treatment was started. After 1 week, the infant developed B. breve bacteremia following the onset of adhesive ileus...
November 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857539/inhibition-of-cronobacter-sakazakii-by-lactobacillus-acidophilus-n-v-er2-317-402
#15
Haykuhi Charchoghlyan, Heejun Kwon, Dong-Ju Hwang, Jong Suk Lee, Junsoo Lee, Myunghee Kim
Lactobacillus acidophilus n.v. Er2 317/402 strain Narine is known as a health beneficial functional probiotic culture and supplementary source of nutrition for newborns. In this study, in vitro antimicrobial activities of Narine-lyophilized (Narine-L), Narine-heat treated (Narine-HT), and Narine crude cell-free extract (Narine-CCFE) were evaluated against pathogen Cronobacter sakazakii (C. sakazakii) in agar as well as in a reconstituted powdered infant formula (RPIF) model. Inhibition zones of 30 mg Narine-L and Narine-HT were both 150 U, whereas inhibition zone of 30 mg Narine-CCFE was 200 U...
October 31, 2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801789/administration-of-a-multi-strain-probiotic-product-to-women-in-the-perinatal-period-differentially-affects-the-breast-milk-cytokine-profile-and-may-have-beneficial-effects-on-neonatal-gastrointestinal-functional-symptoms-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Paola Mastromarino, Margherita Fanelli, Domenico Martinelli, Flavia Urbano, Daniela Capobianco, Nicola Laforgia
BACKGROUND: Probiotic supplementation to women during pregnancy and lactation can modulate breast milk composition, with immune benefits being transferred to their infants. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of high-dose probiotic supplementation to women during late pregnancy and lactation on cytokine profile and secretory IgA (sIgA) in breast milk and thus to study if differences in breast milk composition can affect lactoferrin and sIgA levels in stool samples of newborns...
October 27, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741153/can-probiotics-reduce-diarrhea-and-infant-mortality-in-africa-the-project-of-a-pilot-study
#17
Mario Del Piano, Francesco Coggiola, Marco Pane, Angela Amoruso, Stefania Nicola, Luca Mogna
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea accounts for 9% of the mortality among children under 5 years of age worldwide, and it is significantly associated with malnutrition. Each year, diarrhea kills around 760,000 children under 5 years of age and most of these are in sub-Saharan Africa.In Uganda, the infant mortality rate of 58 per 1000 is unacceptably high, and the major contributors include malnutrition, diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, prematurity, sepsis, and newborn illnesses.There is an urgent need for intervention to prevent and control diarrheal diseases...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724923/effects-of-probiotics-vivomixx%C3%A2-in-obese-pregnant-women-and-their-newborn-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sofie Ingdam Halkjaer, Lisbeth Nilas, Emma Malchau Carlsen, Dina Cortes, Thórhallur Ingi Halldórsson, Sjúrdur Frodi Olsen, Anders Elm Pedersen, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt, Andreas Munk Petersen
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy-related complications and outcomes for both mothers and infants. Overweight and obese women have an increased risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Infant Body Mass index (BMI) and the risk of obesity in adulthood are related to maternal gestational weight gain (GWG). Preventive lifestyle and dietary interventions are time-consuming and do not always reduce GWG or the risk of maternal pregnancy complications...
October 11, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660157/probiotics-supplemented-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-are-more-effective-for-hepatic-steatosis-reduction-in-an-animal-model-of-obesity
#19
Nazarii Kobyliak, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Petro Bodnar, Tetyana Beregova
Today probiotics have been suggested as a treatment for the prevention of NAFLD. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation may have beneficial effects in regulating hepatic lipid metabolism, adipose tissue function and inflammation. The present study was designed to determine whether probiotics plus omega-3 are superior to probiotics alone on the monosodium glutamate (MSG)-induced NAFLD model in rats. We included 60 rats divided into four groups, 15 animals in each. Rats of group I were intact. Newborn rats of groups II-IV were injected with MSG...
September 22, 2016: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633175/the-effect-of-a-probiotic-escherichia-coli-strain-on-regulatory-t-cells-in-six-year-old-children
#20
J Hrdý, I Kocourková, R Lodinová-Žádníková, L Kolářová, L Prokešová
Probiotics are believed to prevent or reduce allergy development but the mechanism of their beneficial effect is still poorly understood. Immune characteristics of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in peripheral blood of perinatally probiotic-supplemented children of allergic mothers (51 children), non-supplemented children of allergic mothers (42 children), and non-supplemented children of healthy mothers (28 children) were compared at the age of 6-7 years. A first dose of a probiotic Escherichia coli strain (E. coli O83:K24:H31) was administered within 2 days after the birth and then 12 times during the first months of life and children were followed longitudinally...
November 30, 2016: Beneficial Microbes
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