keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Microbiota and diabetes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210913/dietary-and-commercialized-fructose-sweet-or-sour
#1
REVIEW
Aslihan Yerlikaya, Tuncay Dagel, Christopher King, Masanari Kubawara, Miguel A Lanaspa, Ana Andres-Hernando, Adrian Covic, Jacek Manitius, Alan A Sag, Mehmet Kanbay
Metabolic syndrome and diabetes are main health problems of modern life in the twenty-first century. Alarming ratios of global prevalence lead to conduct more and more researches about etiological factors and pathogenesis. Disease mechanism is elementary for advancing more efficient and practicable treatment methods. Concurrent increase in both fructose consumption with Western diet and metabolic syndrome has revealed fructose hypothesis that suggests fructose as one of etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance, central obesity, hypertension, etc...
February 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207812/of-the-milk-sugars-galactose-but-not-prebiotic-galacto-oligosaccharide-improves-insulin-sensitivity-in-male-sprague-dawley-rats
#2
Priska Stahel, Julie J Kim, Changting Xiao, John P Cant
BACKGROUND: Consumption of dairy products reduces risk of type 2 diabetes. Milk proteins and fats exhibit anti-diabetic properties but milk sugars have been studied little in this context. Galactose from milk lactose is readily converted to glycogen in the liver but its effects on insulin sensitivity have not been assessed. Prebiotic oligosaccharides from milk alter gut microbiota and can thereby influence host metabolism. Our objective was to assess the effect on insulin sensitivity of dietary galactose compared to glucose and fructose, and fermentable galacto-oligosaccharides compared to non-fermentable methylcellulose...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199845/host-genotype-and-gut-microbiome-modulate-insulin-secretion-and-diet-induced-metabolic-phenotypes
#3
Julia H Kreznar, Mark P Keller, Lindsay L Traeger, Mary E Rabaglia, Kathryn L Schueler, Donald S Stapleton, Wen Zhao, Eugenio I Vivas, Brian S Yandell, Aimee Teo Broman, Bruno Hagenbuch, Alan D Attie, Federico E Rey
Genetic variation drives phenotypic diversity and influences the predisposition to metabolic disease. Here, we characterize the metabolic phenotypes of eight genetically distinct inbred mouse strains in response to a high-fat/high-sucrose diet. We found significant variation in diabetes-related phenotypes and gut microbiota composition among the different mouse strains in response to the dietary challenge and identified taxa associated with these traits. Follow-up microbiota transplant experiments showed that altering the composition of the gut microbiota modifies strain-specific susceptibility to diet-induced metabolic disease...
February 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196086/nopal-feeding-reduces-adiposity-intestinal-inflammation-and-shifts-the-cecal-microbiota-and-metabolism-in-high-fat-fed-rats
#4
Sofia Moran-Ramos, Xuan He, Elizabeth L Chin, Armando R Tovar, Nimbe Torres, Carolyn M Slupsky, Helen E Raybould
Nopal is a cactus plant widely consumed in Mexico that has been used in traditional medicine to aid in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. We previously showed that chronic consumption of dehydrated nopal ameliorated hepatic steatosis in obese (fa/fa) rats; however, description of the effects on other tissues is sparse. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of nopal cladode consumption on intestinal physiology, microbial community structure, adipose tissue, and serum biochemistry in diet-induced obese rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192102/role-of-the-gut-microbiome-in-the-pathogenesis-of-obesity-and-obesity-related-metabolic-dysfunction
#5
Kristien E Bouter, Daniël H van Raalte, Albert K Groen, Max Nieuwdorp
The potential role of intestinal microbiota in the etiology of various human diseases has attracted massive attention in the last decade. As such, the intestinal microbiota has been advanced as an important partaker in the development of obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunctions, amongst others. Experiments in animal models have produced evidence for a causal role of intestinal microbiota in the etiology of obesity and insulin resistance. However, with a few exceptions such causal relation is lacking for humans...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188825/antibiotics-gut-microbiota-environment-in-early-life-and-type-1-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Youjia Hu, F Susan Wong, Li Wen
The gut microbiota interact with innate immune cells and play an important role in shaping the immune system. Many factors may influence the composition of the microbiota such as mode of birth, diet, infections and medication including antibiotics. In diseases with a multifactorial etiology, like type 1 diabetes, manipulation and alterations of the microbiota in animal models has been shown to influence the incidence and onset of disease. The microbiota are an important part of the internal environment and understanding how these bacteria interact with the innate immune cells to generate immune tolerance may open up opportunities for development of new therapeutic strategies...
February 7, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186459/bioactivity-of-carotenoids-chasms-of-knowledge
#7
Torsten Bohn
Carotenoid dietary intake, especially within fruits/vegetables and their plasma levels have been associated in many epidemiological studies with a reduced risk of several chronic diseases, including type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, several types of cancer, and agerelated macular degeneration. However, intervention trials with isolated carotenoids (as supplements) have fallen short of fulfi lling the hopes that were placed in these lipophilic pigments, often producing no positive or even adverse effects, such as increased lung cancer rate or total mortality...
February 10, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185153/role-of-the-gut-on-glucose-homeostasis-lesson-learned-from-metabolic-surgery
#8
REVIEW
V Kamvissi-Lorenz, M Raffaelli, S Bornstein, G Mingrone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bariatric surgery was initially intended to reduce weight, and only subsequently was the remission of type two diabetes (T2D) observed as a collateral event. At the moment, the term "metabolic surgery" is used to underline the fact that this type of surgery is performed specifically to treat diabetes and its metabolic complications, such as hyperlipidemia. RECENT FINDINGS: Randomized, controlled studies have recently supported the use of bariatric surgery, and in particular of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) as an effective treatment for decompensated T2D...
February 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178876/designing-fecal-microbiota-transplant-trials-that-account-for-differences-in-donor-stool-efficacy
#9
Scott W Olesen, Thomas Gurry, Eric J Alm
Fecal microbiota transplantation is a highly effective intervention for patients suffering from recurrent Clostridium difficile, a common hospital-acquired infection. Fecal microbiota transplantation's success as a therapy for C. difficile has inspired interest in performing clinical trials that experiment with fecal microbiota transplantation as a therapy for other conditions like inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, diabetes, and Parkinson's disease. Results from clinical trials that use fecal microbiota transplantation to treat inflammatory bowel disease suggest that, for at least one condition beyond C...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167127/-with-a-little-help-from-my-friends-the-role-of-microbiota-in-thyroid-hormone-metabolism-and-enterohepatic-recycling
#10
Camilla Virili, Marco Centanni
The gut microbiota is composed of over 1200 species of anaerobes and aerobes bacteria along with bacteriophages, viruses and fungal species. Increasing evidence indicates that the intestinal microbiota, beside digestive equilibrium, is also crucial for immunologic, hormonal and metabolic homeostasis. The intestinal microbiota interacts with distant organs by signals which may be part of the bacteria themselves or their metabolites. Dysbiosis has been observed in inflammatory or autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis or type 1 diabetes as well as in obesity and type 2 diabetes...
February 3, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166818/resistant-starch-can-improve-insulin-sensitivity-independently-of-the-gut-microbiota
#11
Laure B Bindels, Rafael R Segura Munoz, João Carlos Gomes-Neto, Valentin Mutemberezi, Inés Martínez, Nuria Salazar, Elizabeth A Cody, Maria I Quintero-Villegas, Hatem Kittana, Clara G de Los Reyes-Gavilán, Robert J Schmaltz, Giulio G Muccioli, Jens Walter, Amanda E Ramer-Tait
BACKGROUND: Obesity-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, have reached epidemic proportions in industrialized nations, and dietary interventions for their prevention are therefore important. Resistant starches (RS) improve insulin sensitivity in clinical trials, but the mechanisms underlying this health benefit remain poorly understood. Because RS fermentation by the gut microbiota results in the formation of physiologically active metabolites, we chose to specifically determine the role of the gut microbiota in mediating the metabolic benefits of RS...
February 7, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166278/gut-dysbiosis-is-associated-with-metabolism-and-systemic-inflammation-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#12
Kazuo Yamashiro, Ryota Tanaka, Takao Urabe, Yuji Ueno, Yuichiro Yamashiro, Koji Nomoto, Takuya Takahashi, Hirokazu Tsuji, Takashi Asahara, Nobutaka Hattori
The role of metabolic diseases in ischemic stroke has become a primary concern in both research and clinical practice. Increasing evidence suggests that dysbiosis is associated with metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the gut microbiota, as well as concentrations of organic acids, the major products of dietary fiber fermentation by the gut microbiota, are altered in patients with ischemic stroke, and to examine the association between these changes and host metabolism and inflammation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133964/biotransformation-of-total-saponins-in-siraitia-fructus-by-human-intestinal-microbiota-of-normal-and-type-2-diabetic-patients%C3%AF-comprehensive-metabolites-identification-and-metabolic-profile-elucidation-using-lc-q-tof-ms
#13
Guisheng Zhou, Ying Peng, Lijuan Zhao, Mengyue Wang, Xiaobo Li
Siraitiae Fructus, known as Luo-Han-Guo (LHG) in Chinese, showed good anti-diabetic activity. Gut microbiota has emerged as parameter of the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes (t2D) mellitus. In this study, in vitro biotransformation of LHG extract by t2D and normal human intestinal microbiota was analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry. A total of 19 and 12 metabolites were characterized in t2D and normal human intestinal microbiota respectively. These metabolites were formed by a series of metabolic reactions including deglycosylation, oxidation, isomerization, and/or deoxidation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131791/microbes-and-mental-health-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Ryan Rieder, Paul J Wisniewski, Brandon L Alderman, Sara C Campbell
There is a growing emphasis on the relationship between the microorganisms inhabiting the gut (gastrointestinal microbiota) and human health. The emergence of a microbiota-gut-brain axis to describe the complex networks and relationship between the gastrointestinal microbiota and host reflects the major influence this environment may have in brain health and disorders of the central nervous system (CNS). Bidirectional communication between the microbiota and the CNS occurs through autonomic, neuroendocrine, enteric, and immune system pathways...
January 25, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130771/effects-of-acarbose-on-the-gut-microbiota-of-prediabetic-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-crossover-trial
#15
Xiuying Zhang, Zhiwei Fang, Chunfang Zhang, Huihua Xia, Zhuye Jie, Xueyao Han, Yingli Chen, Linong Ji
INTRODUCTION: The α-glucosidase inhibitor acarbose is an efficacious medicine for the treatment and prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the response of gut microbiota to acarbose is important, as the microbiota may have a critical role in the development of metabolic diseases, and acarbose is metabolized exclusively within the gastrointestinal tract. We explored the changes in the proportion and diversity of gut microbiota before and after treatment with acarbose in patients with prediabetes...
January 27, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129018/challenges-in-fecal-donor-selection-and-screening-for-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-a-review
#16
Michael H Woodworth, Cynthia Carpentieri, Kaitlin L Sitchenko, Colleen S Kraft
Fecal microbiota transplantation is best understood as an effective and inexpensive therapy for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection but fecal donor selection and screening should be periodically revised. Here, we review current recommendations for selection and screening of fecal donors for fecal microbiota transplantation. We recommend considering diabetes mellitus, prior cardiovascular events, and clinical healthcare exposure as fecal donor exclusion criteria until more is known about the association of these conditions with the human gut microbiome...
January 27, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122944/constipation-and-incident-ckd
#17
Keiichi Sumida, Miklos Z Molnar, Praveen K Potukuchi, Fridtjof Thomas, Jun Ling Lu, Kunihiro Matsushita, Kunihiro Yamagata, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P Kovesdy
Constipation is one of the most prevalent conditions in primary care settings and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, potentially through processes mediated by altered gut microbiota. However, little is known about the association of constipation with CKD. In a nationwide cohort of 3,504,732 United States veterans with an eGFR ≥60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), we examined the association of constipation status and severity (absent, mild, or moderate/severe), defined using diagnostic codes and laxative use, with incident CKD, incident ESRD, and change in eGFR in Cox models (for time-to-event analyses) and multinomial logistic regression models (for change in eGFR)...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115022/gut-microbial-degradation-of-organophosphate-insecticides-induces-glucose-intolerance-via-gluconeogenesis
#18
Ganesan Velmurugan, Tharmarajan Ramprasath, Krishnan Swaminathan, Gilles Mithieux, Jeyaprakash Rajendhran, Mani Dhivakar, Ayothi Parthasarathy, D D Venkatesh Babu, Leishman John Thumburaj, Allen J Freddy, Vasudevan Dinakaran, Shanavas Syed Mohamed Puhari, Balakrishnan Rekha, Yacob Jenifer Christy, Sivakumar Anusha, Ganesan Divya, Kannan Suganya, Boominathan Meganathan, Narayanan Kalyanaraman, Varadaraj Vasudevan, Raju Kamaraj, Maruthan Karthik, Balakrishnan Jeyakumar, Albert Abhishek, Eldho Paul, Muthuirulan Pushpanathan, Rajamani Koushick Rajmohan, Kumaravel Velayutham, Alexander R Lyon, Subbiah Ramasamy
BACKGROUND: Organophosphates are the most frequently and largely applied insecticide in the world due to their biodegradable nature. Gut microbes were shown to degrade organophosphates and cause intestinal dysfunction. The diabetogenic nature of organophosphates was recently reported but the underlying molecular mechanism is unclear. We aimed to understand the role of gut microbiota in organophosphate-induced hyperglycemia and to unravel the molecular mechanism behind this process. RESULTS: Here we demonstrate a high prevalence of diabetes among people directly exposed to organophosphates in rural India (n = 3080)...
January 24, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109835/gut-microbiota-a-player-in-aging-and-a-target-for-anti-aging-intervention
#19
REVIEW
Alexander M Vaiserman, Alexander K Koliada, Francesco Marotta
Aging-associated alterations in composition, diversity and functional features of intestinal microbiota are well-described in the modern literature. They are suggested to be caused by an age-related decline in immune system functioning (immunosenescence) and a low-grade chronic inflammation (inflammaging), which accompany many aging-associated pathologies. The microbiota-targeted dietary and probiotic interventions have been shown to favorably affect the host health and aging by an enhancement of antioxidant activity, improving immune homeostasis, suppression of chronic inflammation, regulation of fat deposition and metabolism and prevention of insulin resistance...
January 18, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104104/role-of-gastrointestinal-microbiota-on-kidney-injury-and-the-obese-condition
#20
REVIEW
Keerati Wanchai, Anchalee Pongchaidecha, Varanuj Chatsudthipong, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn, Anusorn Lungkaphin
Obesity is associated with kidney disease, probably due to obesity-mediated inflammation, podocyte injury and oxidative stress in the kidney It is also linked to other diseases, for example, diabetes and hypertension, which are associated with the development and progression of chronic kidney disease. Interestingly, gastrointestinal dysbiosis has been demonstrated in cases of obesity with the development and progression of kidney disease. Thus, modification of gastrointestinal microbiota using probiotics or prebiotics or both to improve the balance of bacterial flora is a potential approach for the management of obesity-associated kidney disease...
January 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
keyword
keyword
74310
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"