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Paralympic sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900197/research-priorities-of-international-sporting-federations-and-the-ioc-research-centres
#1
Caroline F Finch, Scott Talpey, Ashley Bradshaw, Torbjorn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND/AIM: To be fully effective, the prevention of injury in sport and promotion of athlete's health needs to be both targeted and underpinned by scientific evidence. This study aimed to identify the research priorities of International Sporting Federation (ISFs) compared to the current research focus of the International Olympic Committee Research Centres (IOC-RCs). METHODS: Online survey of ISF Medical Chairpersons (n=22, 69% response) and IOC-RC Directors (n=7, 78% response)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#2
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877150/the-level-of-vision-necessary-for-competitive-performance-in-rifle-shooting-setting-the-standards-for-paralympic-shooting-with-vision-impairment
#3
Peter M Allen, Keziah Latham, David L Mann, Rianne H J C Ravensbergen, Joy Myint
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of vision impairment (VI) that would reduce performance in shooting; to guide development of entry criteria to visually impaired (VI) shooting. Nineteen international-level shooters without VI took part in the study. Participants shot an air rifle, while standing, toward a regulation target placed at the end of a 10 m shooting range. Cambridge simulation glasses were used to simulate six different levels of VI. Visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) were assessed along with shooting performance in each of seven conditions of simulated impairment and compared to that with habitual vision...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874305/paralympic-legacy-exploring-the-impact-of-the-games-on-the-perceptions-of-young-people-with-disabilities
#4
Janine Coates, Philip B Vickerman
The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games aimed to deliver a legacy to citizens of the United Kingdom, which included inspiring a generation of young people to participate in sport. This study aimed to understand the legacy of the Paralympic Games for children with disabilities. Eight adolescents (11-16 yr) with physical disabilities were interviewed about their perceptions of the Paralympic Games. Thematic analysis found 3 key themes that further our understanding of the Paralympic legacy. These were Paralympians as role models, changing perceptions of disability, and the motivating nature of the Paralympics...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874301/cognitive-predictors-of-performance-in-well-trained-table-tennis-players-with-intellectual-disability
#5
Debbie Van Biesen, Jennifer Mactavish, Janne Kerremans, Yves C Vanlandewijck
Evidence-based classification systems in Paralympic sport require knowledge of the underlying effect of impairment in a specific sport. This study investigated the relationship between cognition and tactical proficiency in 88 well-trained table tennis players with intellectual disability (ID; 29 women, 59 men, M ± SD IQ 59.9 ± 9.6). Data were collected at 3 competitions sanctioned by the International Federation for Para-Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities (INAS). A generic cognitive test consisting of 8 neuropsychological subtests was used to assess cognitive abilities relevant to sport (reaction time, processing speed, and decision speed; spatial visualization; fluid reasoning; memory; executive functioning; and visual processing)...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806907/the-learning-and-mentoring-experiences-of-paralympic-coaches
#6
Katherine E Fairhurst, Gordon A Bloom, William J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Participation in the Paralympic Games has grown substantially, yet the same growth and development has not occurred with empirical literature for coaching in disability sport. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to explore Paralympic coaches' perceptions of their learning and educational experiences, including their formal and informal mentoring opportunities. METHODS: Six highly successful and experienced Paralympic coaches were individually interviewed in this qualitative study...
October 17, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797733/german-translation-and-content-validation-of-the-ostrc-questionnaire-on-overuse-injuries-and-health-problems
#7
A Hirschmüller, K Steffen, K Fassbender, B Clarsen, R Leonhard, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, E J Kubosch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and validate the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) Questionnaire on Health Problems into the German context. METHODS: A slightly modified back-translation method was used to translate the questionnaire. Validation was done in 24 high-level Paralympic athletes followed over 20 consecutive weeks. RESULTS: The translated version of the questionnaire showed a very high internal consistency and good test-retest reliability (Cronbach's α 0...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783773/reflections-on-the-career-of-brazilian-paralympic-athletes
#8
Marcelo de Castro Haiachi, Vinícius Denardin Cardoso, Alberto Reinaldo Reppold, Adroaldo Cezar Araújo Gaya
The proximity of the Paralympic Games Rio 2016 opens the discussion about the possibility of building a career in Paralympic sport. This study aims to present the characteristics and challenges present in the sporting career of the Brazilian Paralympic athlete. The study was structured under three main guiding topics: the different moments of Paralympic Sport, the career characteristics of paralympians and the consequences of sports results for their careers. Currently, Paralympic sports has its focus on high performance, as the constant necessity for good results is an ever present reality...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783772/-the-process-of-the-institutionalization-of-sport-for-individuals-with-disabilities-in-brazil-a-federal-legislative-analysis
#9
Tuany Defaveri Begossi, Janice Zarpellon Mazo
The scope of this study was to analyze the legal norms that have underpinned the alignment of organizational structures in the area of sports directed to individuals with disabilities in Brazil. The theoretical and methodological benchmark of the New Cultural History was based on the analysis of legal documents, as well as oral sources, which consist of three interviews with athletes who have experienced the period before the creation of the Brazilian Paralympic Committee. These sources were subjected to the technique of document analysis...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779958/aeromedical-evaluation-for-an-f-16-candidate-with-incomplete-paraplegia
#10
Monica Chahal-Kummen, Trond-Eirik Strand, Jan Ove Owe, Eigil Gulliksen, Anthony S Wagstaff
BACKGROUND: A candidate with paraplegia contacted the Institute of Aviation Medicine, Oslo, requesting a medical examination and medical certification for flying back seat on an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Thorough aeromedical examinations, including specialist evaluations, were initiated for the final decision to be made. CASE REPORT: Almost 13 yr earlier the candidate had acquired spinal cord damage at neurological level L1 after falling 4 m (13 ft) from out of a window...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708785/erratum-to-the-sports-related-injuries-and-illnesses-in-paralympic-sport-study-sriipss-a-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#11
Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström, Jan Lexell
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13102-016-0053-x.].
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696507/the-impact-of-trunk-impairment-on-performance-determining-activities-in-wheelchair-rugby
#12
V C Altmann, B E Groen, A L Hart, Y C Vanlandewijck, J van Limbeek, N L W Keijsers
In Paralympic sport, classification of impairment is needed to prevent a one-sided and predictable outcome of competition, in which the least impaired athlete has the best chance to win. To develop evidence-based classification in wheelchair rugby, the impact of trunk impairment, measured by the Trunk Impairment Classification (TIC), on performance-determining activities was assessed. Arm impairment was analyzed as a covariant. Fifty-five athletes, 21 with TIC score 0, 13 with TIC score 0.5, 11 with TIC score 1...
October 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692576/assessing-muscle-strength-for-the-purpose-of-classification-in-paralympic-sport-a-review-and-recommendations
#13
E M Beckman, M J Connick, S M Tweedy
OBJECTIVES: Classification in Paralympic Sport aims to minimize the impact of 10 eligible types of impairment on the outcome of competition. Methods for assessing the extent to which a given body structure or function has been impaired are required, but are challenging because it is not possible to directly measure an absence or loss. Rather, impairment must be inferred by measurement of extant body structures or functions. METHODS: This manuscript reviews the literature concerning the assessment of strength with the aim of identifying and describing the most appropriate method for inferring strength impairment in para-athletes...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673551/-i-think-i-became-a-swimmer-rather-than-just-someone-with-a-disability-swimming-up-and-down-paralympic-athletes-perceptions-of-self-and-identity-development
#14
Stephen Pack, Sasha Kelly, Monna Arvinen-Barrow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of swimming on Paralympic athletes' perceptions of self and identity development. METHOD: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was taken. During semi-structured interviews, five Paralympic swimmers (aged 20-24 years) were asked questions about their swimming career, perceptions of self, integration, and impairment. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. RESULTS: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis yielded three superordinate themes: (a) "One of the crowd"; none of the participants viewed themselves as disabled, nor as supercrips; these perceptions stemmed from family-, school-, and swimming-related experiences, (b) "Becoming me"; participation in swimming facilitated self- and social-acceptance, and identity development, and c) "A badge of honor"; swimming presented opportunity to present and reinforce a positive identity...
September 27, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665839/analytical-progresses-of-the-world-anti-doping-agency-olympic-laboratories-a-2016-update-from-london-to-rio
#15
Ioanna Athanasiadou, Sven Voss, Emmanouil Lyris, Amina Aljaber, Mohammed Alsayrafi, Costas Georgakopoulos
The 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games, the biggest event in human sports, was held in Rio de Janeiro with more than 10,500 athletes from 206 countries over the world competing for the highest of sports honors, an Olympic medal. With the hope that the Olympic ideal accompanies all aspects of the XXXI Olympiad, WADA accredited antidoping laboratories use the spearhead of analytical technology as a powerful tool in the fight against doping. This review summarizes the main analytical developments applied in antidoping testing methodology combined with the main amendments on the WADA regulations regarding analytical testing starting from the 2012 London Olympics until the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro...
November 2016: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632832/assessment-of-body-composition-and-sport-performance-of-brazilian-paralympic-swimming-team-athletes
#16
Radamés Maciel Vítor Medeiros, Eduardo da Silva Alves, Valdir de Aquino Lemos, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Andressa da Silva, Roberto Vital, Alexandre Silva Vieira, Murilo Moreira Barreto, Edilson Alves da Rocha, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello
CONTEXT: Body composition assessments of high-performance athletes are very important for identifying physical performance potential. Although the relationship between the kinanthropometric characteristics and performance abilities of Olympic swimmers is extremely important, this subject is not completely understood for Paralympic swimmers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between body composition and sport performance in Brazilian Paralympic swimmers 6 months after training...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613753/a-practical-approach-to-events-medicine-provision
#17
Susan P Smith, Joseph F Cosgrove, Peter J Driscoll, Andrew Smith, John Butler, Peter Goode, Carl Waldmann, Christopher J Vallis, Fiona Topham, Michael Monty Mythen
In the past three decades, mass casualty incidents have occurred worldwide at multiple sporting events and other mass gatherings. Organisational safety and healthcare provision can consequently be scrutinised post-event. Within the UK, such incidents in the 1980s provided incentives to improve medical services and subsequent high profile UK-based international sporting events (London Olympics and Paralympics 2012, Glasgow Commonwealth Games 2014, Rugby World Cup 2015) added a further catalyst for developing services...
September 9, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608734/supporting-paralympic-wheelchair-sport-performance-through-technological-physiological-and-environmental-considerations
#18
K Griggs, V Goosey-Tolfrey, T Paulson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579170/the-sports-related-injuries-and-illnesses-in-paralympic-sport-study-sriipss-a-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#19
Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström, Jan Lexell
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sport provides sporting opportunities for athletes with a disability, with the Paralympic Games as the main event. Participation in sport is, however, associated with a significant risk for sustaining injuries and illnesses. Our knowledge of sports-related injuries and illnesses in Paralympic sport is very limited and there are no large-scale epidemiological cohort studies. The purpose here is to present a protocol for a prospective longitudinal study: The Sports-Related Injuries and Illnesses in Paralympic Sport Study (SRIIPSS)...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472292/the-organisational-stressors-encountered-by-athletes-with-a-disability
#20
Rachel Arnold, Christopher R D Wagstaff, Lauren Steadman, Yasmin Pratt
Organisational stressors have been found to be prevalent and problematic for sport performers, with research identifying demographic differences in the stressors encountered. Nevertheless, extant sport psychology research on the topic of stress has generally focused on able-bodied athletes; whilst that which has been conducted on performers with a disability has typically recruited relatively small samples to explore a narrow selection of organisational stressors, or examined other components of the stress process...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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