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Paralympic sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659289/moving-forward-with-steady-strokes-in-paralympic-sports-medicine
#1
EDITORIAL
Hilde Moseby Berge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581692/examining-the-effects-of-rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-rebt-on-performance-outcomes-in-elite-paralympic-athletes
#2
Andrew G Wood, Jamie B Barker, Martin Turner, David Sheffield
Traditionally a psychotherapeutic intervention, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is receiving increasing attention within the extant literature as an intervention to enhance the athletic performance and psychological wellbeing of competitive athletes. Whilst the benefits of REBT on psychological health are established, less is understood about the effects on athletic performance. The present study aimed to examine the immediate and maintained effects of REBT on physiological, psychological, and performance outcomes with elite Paralympic athletes...
June 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543819/classifying-trunk-strength-impairment-according-to-the-activity-limitation-caused-in-wheelchair-rugby-performance
#3
Viola C Altmann, Brenda E Groen, Anne L Hart, Yves C Vanlandewijck, Noël L W Keijsers
International Federations in Paralympic sport should develop evidence based classification, based on the relative strength of association between impairment and activities that determine sport specific performance. The purpose of the current study was to assess the relationship between trunk strength impairment and three activities that determine performance in Wheelchair Rugby, and to determine whether this relationship supports the concept of "natural classes". Trunk muscle strength and three determinants of performance were assessed in 27 athletes The correlations between lateral trunk muscle strength and the determinant tilting the chair, and between forward trunk muscle strength and the determinants 1 m acceleration and sprint momentum were calculated...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475409/commitment-to-physical-activity-and-health-a-case-study-of-a-paralympic-gold-medallist
#4
Bridie Kean, Florin Oprescu, Marion Gray, Brendan Burkett
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has been documented as both beneficial and detrimental for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). The varied experience highlights challenges associated with physical activity and MS, requiring a greater understanding of the experiences of exercise for individuals with MS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how physical activity played a role in the life of a Paralympic Gold medallist. Carol was diagnosed with MS and went onto achieve the highest accolade in Paralympic sport...
May 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457670/implications-of-altered-autonomic-control-on-sports-performance-in-athletes-with-spinal-cord-injury
#5
REVIEW
Sebastian Cruz, Cheri A Blauwet
It is well known that athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI) may experience altered autonomic physiology that impacts their exercise capacity and sports performance. This is particularly relevant given the ever-increasing number of individuals with SCI who are actively engaged in sports at all levels, from community-based adaptive sports to elite Paralympic competitions. As such, the purpose of this article is to review the present literature regarding the implications of altered autonomic control on the safety and performance of athletes with SCI...
April 4, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216570/an-electromagnetic-sensor-for-the-autonomous-running-of-visually-impaired-and-blind-athletes-part-i-the-fixed-infrastructure
#6
Marco Pieralisi, Valentina Di Mattia, Valerio Petrini, Alfredo De Leo, Giovanni Manfredi, Paola Russo, Lorenzo Scalise, Graziano Cerri
Sport is one of the best ways to promote the social integration of people affected by physical disability, because it helps them to increase their self-esteem by facing difficulties and overcoming their disabilities. Nowadays, a large number of sports can be easily played by visually impaired and blind athletes without any special supports, but, there are some disciplines that require the presence of a sighted guide. In this work, the attention will be focused on marathons, during which athletes with visual disorders have to be linked to the sighted guide by means of a non-stretchable elbow tether, with an evident reduction of their performance and autonomy...
February 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149405/zika-virus-infection-summer-olympic-and-paralympic-games-in-rio-2016-and-sports-performance
#7
Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Santos Andrade, Càssia Regina Vancini-Campanharo, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965597/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-effects-on-athletes-cognitive-performance-an-exploratory-proof-of-concept-trial
#8
Davimar M M Borducchi, July Silveira Gomes, Henrique Akiba, Quirino Cordeiro, José Henrique M Borducchi, Lívia Stocco Sanches Valentin, Gabrielle M Borducchi, Álvaro Machado Dias
Among the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games' unforgettable moments, one could not overlook performances by Phelps and Bolt, which challenge old premises about the maximum extension of individual supremacism in ultracompetitive modalities and the doping scandals. Different media channels resonated these two trends, with an unseen rise on discussions about traits and practices that may set ultrahigh performance athletes apart from the more ordinary ones. Yet, some key issues remain undebated. This paper aims to add to this debate, with a proof of concept trial, which investigates whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may serve as an aid for professional athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941981/-a-more-equitable-society-the-politics-of-global-fairness-in-paralympic-sport
#9
Leslie Swartz, Jason Bantjes, Divan Rall, Suzanne Ferreira, Cheri Blauwet, Wayne Derman
The Paralympic Movement explicitly sets out to create a more equitable society and promote participation for all and fairness in disability sport. This is primarily achieved through the use of a range of interventions with less attention given to how economic factors may hinder access and achievement in Paralympic sport. We investigated how country-level economic variables influence the level of participation and achievement in the 2015 International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Athletics Championships held in Doha...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#10
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900197/research-priorities-of-international-sporting-federations-and-the-ioc-research-centres
#11
Caroline F Finch, Scott Talpey, Ashley Bradshaw, Torbjorn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND/AIM: To be fully effective, the prevention of injury in sport and promotion of athlete's health needs to be both targeted and underpinned by scientific evidence. This study aimed to identify the research priorities of International Sporting Federation (ISFs) compared to the current research focus of the International Olympic Committee Research Centres (IOC-RCs). METHODS: Online survey of ISF Medical Chairpersons (n=22, 69% response) and IOC-RC Directors (n=7, 78% response)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#12
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877150/the-level-of-vision-necessary-for-competitive-performance-in-rifle-shooting-setting-the-standards-for-paralympic-shooting-with-vision-impairment
#13
Peter M Allen, Keziah Latham, David L Mann, Rianne H J C Ravensbergen, Joy Myint
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of vision impairment (VI) that would reduce performance in shooting; to guide development of entry criteria to visually impaired (VI) shooting. Nineteen international-level shooters without VI took part in the study. Participants shot an air rifle, while standing, toward a regulation target placed at the end of a 10 m shooting range. Cambridge simulation glasses were used to simulate six different levels of VI. Visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) were assessed along with shooting performance in each of seven conditions of simulated impairment and compared to that with habitual vision...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874305/paralympic-legacy-exploring-the-impact-of-the-games-on-the-perceptions-of-young-people-with-disabilities
#14
Janine Coates, Philip B Vickerman
The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games aimed to deliver a legacy to citizens of the United Kingdom, which included inspiring a generation of young people to participate in sport. This study aimed to understand the legacy of the Paralympic Games for children with disabilities. Eight adolescents (11-16 yr) with physical disabilities were interviewed about their perceptions of the Paralympic Games. Thematic analysis found 3 key themes that further our understanding of the Paralympic legacy. These were Paralympians as role models, changing perceptions of disability, and the motivating nature of the Paralympics...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874301/cognitive-predictors-of-performance-in-well-trained-table-tennis-players-with-intellectual-disability
#15
Debbie Van Biesen, Jennifer Mactavish, Janne Kerremans, Yves C Vanlandewijck
Evidence-based classification systems in Paralympic sport require knowledge of the underlying effect of impairment in a specific sport. This study investigated the relationship between cognition and tactical proficiency in 88 well-trained table tennis players with intellectual disability (ID; 29 women, 59 men, M ± SD IQ 59.9 ± 9.6). Data were collected at 3 competitions sanctioned by the International Federation for Para-Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities (INAS). A generic cognitive test consisting of 8 neuropsychological subtests was used to assess cognitive abilities relevant to sport (reaction time, processing speed, and decision speed; spatial visualization; fluid reasoning; memory; executive functioning; and visual processing)...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806907/the-learning-and-mentoring-experiences-of-paralympic-coaches
#16
Katherine E Fairhurst, Gordon A Bloom, William J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Participation in the Paralympic Games has grown substantially, yet the same growth and development has not occurred with empirical literature for coaching in disability sport. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to explore Paralympic coaches' perceptions of their learning and educational experiences, including their formal and informal mentoring opportunities. METHODS: Six highly successful and experienced Paralympic coaches were individually interviewed in this qualitative study...
October 17, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797733/german-translation-and-content-validation-of-the-ostrc-questionnaire-on-overuse-injuries-and-health-problems
#17
A Hirschmüller, K Steffen, K Fassbender, B Clarsen, R Leonhard, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, E J Kubosch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and validate the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) Questionnaire on Health Problems into the German context. METHODS: A slightly modified back-translation method was used to translate the questionnaire. Validation was done in 24 high-level Paralympic athletes followed over 20 consecutive weeks. RESULTS: The translated version of the questionnaire showed a very high internal consistency and good test-retest reliability (Cronbach's α 0...
February 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783773/reflections-on-the-career-of-brazilian-paralympic-athletes
#18
Marcelo de Castro Haiachi, Vinícius Denardin Cardoso, Alberto Reinaldo Reppold, Adroaldo Cezar Araújo Gaya
The proximity of the Paralympic Games Rio 2016 opens the discussion about the possibility of building a career in Paralympic sport. This study aims to present the characteristics and challenges present in the sporting career of the Brazilian Paralympic athlete. The study was structured under three main guiding topics: the different moments of Paralympic Sport, the career characteristics of paralympians and the consequences of sports results for their careers. Currently, Paralympic sports has its focus on high performance, as the constant necessity for good results is an ever present reality...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783772/-the-process-of-the-institutionalization-of-sport-for-individuals-with-disabilities-in-brazil-a-federal-legislative-analysis
#19
Tuany Defaveri Begossi, Janice Zarpellon Mazo
The scope of this study was to analyze the legal norms that have underpinned the alignment of organizational structures in the area of sports directed to individuals with disabilities in Brazil. The theoretical and methodological benchmark of the New Cultural History was based on the analysis of legal documents, as well as oral sources, which consist of three interviews with athletes who have experienced the period before the creation of the Brazilian Paralympic Committee. These sources were subjected to the technique of document analysis...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779958/aeromedical-evaluation-for-an-f-16-candidate-with-incomplete-paraplegia
#20
Monica Chahal-Kummen, Trond-Eirik Strand, Jan Ove Owe, Eigil Gulliksen, Anthony S Wagstaff
BACKGROUND: A candidate with paraplegia contacted the Institute of Aviation Medicine, Oslo, requesting a medical examination and medical certification for flying back seat on an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Thorough aeromedical examinations, including specialist evaluations, were initiated for the final decision to be made. CASE REPORT: Almost 13 yr earlier the candidate had acquired spinal cord damage at neurological level L1 after falling 4 m (13 ft) from out of a window...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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