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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340516/markers-of-dietary-protein-intake-are-associated-with-successful-weight-loss-in-the-pounds-lost-trial
#1
G A Bray, D H Ryan, W Johnson, C M Champagne, C M Johnson, J Rood, D A Williamson, F M Sacks
To assess the association of markers for dietary protein intake, measures of dietary adherence and demographic variables with weight loss in the POUNDS Lost study over the first 6 months and again between 6 and 24 months using data from those who completed each period. This is a secondary analysis of pooled data on completers assigned to one of four diets: 65%C/15%P/20%F (AP/LF), 55%C/25%P/20%F (HP/LF), 45%C/15%P/40%F (AP/HF) or 35%C/25%P40%F (HP/HF) in the POUNDS Lost study. Urinary nitrogen excretion, dietary adherence measured by 24-h recall and attendance at sessions, age (above and below 50 years), gender, race/ethnicity and activity by pedometry were analysed...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340515/inflammatory-potential-of-diet-and-risk-of-oral-and-pharyngeal-cancer-in-a-large-case-control-study-from-italy
#2
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Valentina Rosato, Werner Garavello, Diego Serraino, Carlo La Vecchia
Diet and inflammation have been suggested to be important risk factors for oral and pharyngeal cancer. We examined the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and oral and pharyngeal cancer in a large case-control study conducted between 1992 and 2009 in Italy. This study included 946 cases with incident, histologically confirmed oral and pharyngeal cancer, and 2492 controls hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases. The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed by a valid 78-item food frequency questionnaire and was adjusted for non-alcohol energy intake using the residual approach (E-DII)...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340511/quantitative-mapping-reveals-age-and-sex-differences-in-vasopressin-but-not-oxytocin-immunoreactivity-in-the-rat-social-behavior-neural-network
#3
Brett T DiBenedictis, Elizabeth R Nussbaum, Harry K Cheung, Alexa H Veenema
The neuropeptides vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) have been implicated in the regulation of numerous social behaviors in adult and juvenile animals. AVP and OT signaling predominantly occur within a circuit of interconnected brain regions known collectively as the "social behavior neural network" (SBNN). Importantly, AVP and OT signaling within the SBNN has been shown to differentially regulate diverse social behaviors, depending on the age and/or sex of the animal. We hypothesized that variation in the display of these behaviors is due in part to age and sex differences in AVP and OT synthesis within the SBNN...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340509/liver-transplant-lt-recipients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-nash-have-lower-risk-hepatocellular-carcinoma-hcc
#4
Sara M Lewin, Neil Mehta, R Kate Kelley, John P Roberts, Francis Y Yao, Danielle Brandman
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is a well-established treatment for HCC in carefully selected patients. Risk factors for tumors with poor prognostic features on explant have not been well described in a national cohort. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of adult LT recipients with HCC transplanted from 4/8/12 (when explant pathology in UNOS became available) until 9/30/2014. We evaluated the association between listing diagnosis and other demographic factors with tumor features on explant using logistic regression...
March 24, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340502/trends-in-alcohol-consumption-among-older-americans-national-health-interview-surveys-1997-to-2014
#5
Rosalind A Breslow, I-Jen P Castle, Chiung M Chen, Barry I Graubard
BACKGROUND: The majority of U.S. older adults consume alcoholic beverages. The older population is projected to almost double by 2050. Substantially more drinkers are likely. PURPOSE: To describe gender-specific trends (1997 to 2014) in prevalence of drinking status (lifetime abstention, former drinking, current drinking [including average volume], and binge drinking) among U.S. adults ages 60+ by age group and birth cohort. METHODS: In the 1997 to 2014 National Health Interview Surveys, 65,303 respondents ages 60+ (31,803 men, 33,500 women) were current drinkers; 6,570 men and 1,737 women were binge drinkers...
March 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340493/conservative-treatment-with-octreotide-to-provide-early-recovery-of-children-with-esophageal-perforation
#6
Ramazan Karabulut, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Kaan Sonmez, Abdullah Can Basaklar
Background The effectiveness of nonoperative treatment of esophageal perforation (EP) in children with octreotide is highlighted. Methods Records of nine patients (seven boys and two girls with an average age of 5.83 ± 5.35 years) with EP were reviewed. Results EP developed in six patients during dilation of esophageal stenosis (five of six caused by caustic burns). In the other three patients, EP developed after nasogastric placement, after endotracheal intubation, and during endoscopy for foreign body...
March 24, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340491/comparison-of-skillful-vs-less-skilled-young-soccer-players-on-anthropometric-maturation-physical-fitness-and-time-of-practice
#7
Márcio André de Gouvêa, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Alex Silva Ribeiro, Danilo Rodrigues Pereira da Silva, David Ohara, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque
This study compared maturation, body composition and physical fitness between youth soccer athletes with different technical skills levels. Sixty-two young athletes (11-17 years) were categorized dichotomously in more skilled (n=31) and less skilled (n=31) groups based on 3 specific technical tests (Dribbling Speed Test [DST], Shuttle Dribble Test [SDT] and Slalom Dribble Test [SLDT]). Chronological and skeletal age, time of practice, body composition and 4 physical fitness tests were performed for comparisons...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340488/national-and-sub-national-age-sex-specific-and-cause-specific-mortality-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-attributable-to-household-air-pollution-from-solid-cookfuel-use-hap-in-iran-1990-2013
#8
Mehrnoosh Abtahi, Ali Koolivand, Sina Dobaradaran, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Anoushiravan Mohseni-Bandpei, Shokooh Sadat Khaloo, Sahand Jorfi, Reza Saeedi
National and sub-national mortality, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for household air pollution from solid cookfuel use (HAP) in Iran, 1990-2013 were estimated based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013). The burden of disease attributable to HAP was quantified by the comparative risk assessment method using four inputs: (1) exposure to HAP, (2) the theoretical minimum risk exposure level (TMREL), (3) exposure-response relationships of related causes (4) disease burden of related causes...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340474/studying-the-effects-of-natural-extracts-with-metabolomics-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-supplementation-of-healthy-rats-with-polygonum-cuspidatum-sieb-et-zucc
#9
Gregorio Peron, Jalal Uddin, Matteo Stocchero, Stefano Mammi, Elisabetta Schievano, Stefano Dall'Acqua
BACKGROUND: A longitudinal study was performed to evaluate the effects of Polygonum cuspidatum extract (standardized at 20% resveratrol) supplementation on healthy rats. The effects were explored by monitoring urinary metabolome changes using UPLC-HRMS and (1)H NMR-based approaches. The aim of the study was to explore the effects of P. cuspidatum supplementation on a healthy animal model using metabolomics, in order to determine possible modes of action and obtain information on bioactivity...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340461/tracing-biomarker-of-pah-exposure-and-susceptibility-factor-gstm-polymorphism-among-cancer-patients-in-pakistan
#10
Muhammad Yasir Abdur Rehman, Atif Kamal, Malik Mumtaz Taqi, Riffat Naseem Malik
We studied cancer patients for possible PAH exposure, using urinary concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) as a biomarker of internal dose of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The subjects included in this study belonged to various socio-demographic backgrounds, and were diagnosed with cancer (i.e. lung, head and neck or digestive tract cancer). In general, we observed high concentration of urinary 1-OHP among digestive tract cancer patients, compared with the controls (CN) (mean 1.06, median 1.03 and mean 0...
March 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340453/long-term-nitrogen-deposition-increases-heathland-carbon-sequestration
#11
Chris D Field, Chris D Evans, Nancy B Dise, Jane R Hall, Simon J M Caporn
The large increases in reactive nitrogen (N) deposition in developed countries since the Industrial Revolution have had a marked impact on ecosystem functioning, including declining species richness, shifts in species composition, and increased N leaching. A potential mitigation of these harmful effects is the action of N as a fertiliser, which, through increasing primary productivity (and subsequently, organic matter production), has the potential to increase ecosystem carbon (C) storage. Here we report the response of an upland heath to 10years of experimental N addition...
March 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340448/structural-correlates-of-creative-thinking-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-healthy-controls-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#13
Pei-Chi Tu, Yi-Hsuan Kuan, Cheng-Ta Li, Tung-Ping Su
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the structural correlates of creative thinking in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) to understand the possible neural mechanism of creative thinking in BD. METHODS: We recruited 59 patients with BD I or BD II (35.3±8.5 y) and 56 age- and sex-matched controls (HCs; 34±7.4 y). Each participant underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging and evaluation of creative thinking, which was assessed using two validated tools: the Chinese version of the Abbreviated Torrance Test for Adults for divergent thinking and the Chinese Word Remote Associates Test for remote association...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340441/type-d-personality-stress-coping-strategies-and-self-efficacy-as-predictors-of-facebook-intrusion
#14
Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiorka, Stanisław Jerzy Czuczwar
Recently, Facebook has become one of the most popular social networking sites. People use it more and more often. A number of studies have recently addressed the issue of excessive Facebook use, showing this phenomenon to be a spreading problem. The main aim of the present study was to examine whether Type D personality, self-efficacy and coping strategies are related to Facebook intrusion. The participants were 882 students of Polish universities, all of them Facebook users (72% women, mean age: 22.25 years, SD =2...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340429/simple-index-of-functional-connectivity-at-rest-in-multiple-sclerosis-fatigue
#15
Korhan Buyukturkoglu, Camillo Porcaro, Carlo Cottone, Andrea Cancelli, Matilde Inglese, Franca Tecchio
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the EEG-derived functional connectivity at rest (FCR) patterns of fatigued Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients in order to find good parameters for a future EEG-Neurofeedback intervention to reduce their fatigue symptoms. METHODS: We evaluated FCR between hemispheric homologous areas, via spectral coherence between pairs of corresponding left and right bipolar derivations, in the Theta, Alpha and Beta bands. We estimated FCR in 18MS patients with different levels of fatigue and minimal clinical severity and in 11 age and gender matched healthy controls...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340425/increased-nucleus-accumbens-volume-in-first-episode-psychosis
#16
Mireia Forns-Nadal, Daniel Bergé, Federico Sem, Anna Mané, Laura Igual, Dani Guinart, Oscar Vilarroya
Nucleus accumbens has been reported as a key structure in the neurobiology of schizophrenia. Studies analyzing structural abnormalities have shown conflicting results, possibly related to confounding factors. We investigated the nucleus accumbens volume using manual delimitation in first-episode psychosis (FEP) controlling for age, cannabis use and medication. Thirty-one FEP subjects who were naive or minimally exposed to antipsychotics and a control group were MRI scanned and clinically assessed from baseline to 6 months of follow-up...
March 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340421/cannabis-use-patterns-and-motives-a-comparison-of-younger-middle-aged-and-older-medical-cannabis-dispensary-patients
#17
Nancy A Haug, Claudia B Padula, James E Sottile, Ryan Vandrey, Adrienne J Heinz, Marcel O Bonn-Miller
INTRODUCTION: Medical cannabis is increasingly being used for a variety of health conditions as more states implement legislation permitting medical use of cannabis. Little is known about medical cannabis use patterns and motives among adults across the lifespan. METHODS: The present study examined data collected at a medical cannabis dispensary in San Francisco, California. Participants included 217 medical cannabis patients who were grouped into age-defined cohorts (younger: 18-30, middle-aged: 31-50, and older: 51-72)...
March 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340414/intersection-crash-prediction-modeling-with-macro-level-data-from-various-geographic-units
#18
Jaeyoung Lee, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Qing Cai
There have been great efforts to develop traffic crash prediction models for various types of facilities. The crash models have played a key role to identify crash hotspots and evaluate safety countermeasures. In recent, many macro-level crash prediction models have been developed to incorporate highway safety considerations in the long-term transportation planning process. Although the numerous macro-level studies have found that a variety of demographic and socioeconomic zonal characteristics have substantial effects on traffic safety, few studies have attempted to coalesce micro-level with macro-level data from existing geographic units for estimating crash models...
March 21, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340405/population-pharmacokinetic-modeling-of-furosemide-in-patients-with-hypertension-and-fluid-overload-conditions
#19
Devender Kodati, Narsimhareddy Yellu
BACKGROUND: Furosemide is a loop diuretic drug frequently indicated in hypertension and fluid overload conditions such as congestive heart failure and hepatic cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to establish a population pharmacokinetic model for furosemide in Indian hypertensive and fluid overload patients, and to evaluate effects of covariates on the volume of distribution (V/F) and oral clearance (CL/F) of furosemide. METHODS: A total of 188 furosemide plasma sample concentrations from 63 patients with hypertension or fluid overload conditions were collected in this study...
January 15, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340390/the-association-of-eating-performance-and-environmental-stimulation-among-older-adults-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-a-secondary-analysis
#20
Wen Liu, Ying-Ling Jao, Kristine Williams
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents with dementia experience increased risk for compromised eating performance due to intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Environmental stimulation is physical, social, and/or sensory stimulation present in the environment that can potentially trigger individuals' emotion or motivate physical reactions. Beyond the personal factors, there is a lack of evidence on how environmental stimulation influences individuals' eating performance at mealtimes...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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