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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007365/differential-expression-of-intestinal-nutrient-transporters-and-host-defense-peptides-in-eimeria-maxima-infected-fayoumi-and-ross-chickens
#1
S Su, K B Miska, R H Fetterer, M C Jenkins, S J Lamont, E A Wong
Fayoumi chickens are believed to be more disease resistant compared to commercial broiler chickens. The objective of this study was to compare mRNA expression of intestinal nutrient transporters, digestive enzymes, and host defense peptides (HDP) between Eimeria maxima-challenged Fayoumi and Ross broiler chickens. At 21 d of age, Ross broilers and Fayoumi lines M5.1 and M15.2 were challenged with 1,000 E. maxima oocysts. Control birds were not challenged. Duodenum, jejunum, and ileum were sampled (n = 6) at 7 d post challenge...
July 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007359/loneliness-as-a-risk-factor-for-care-home-admission-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#2
Barbara Hanratty, Daniel Stow, Danni Collingridge Moore, Nicole K Valtorta, Fiona Matthews
Background: loneliness has an adverse effect on health and well-being, and is common at older ages. Evidence that it is a risk factor for care home admission is sparse. Objective: to investigate the association between loneliness and care home admission. Setting: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Participants: two-hundred fifty-four individuals across seven waves (2002-15) of ELSA who moved into care homes were age, sex matched to four randomly selected individuals who remained in the community...
July 10, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007354/an-attention-assessment-for-informing-older-drivers-crash-risks-in-various-hazardous-situations
#3
HeeSun Choi, Jonathan Kasko, Jing Feng
Background and Objectives : Mobility is a critical factor that influences older adults' independence and well-being. Older drivers may experience increased crash risks due to age-related cognitive declines. Ensuring safe driving practices among older drivers is important to maintain their mobility without sacrificing safety. Investigations for an effective assessment technology that can inform older drivers' risks associated with cognitive declines are warranted. This study aims to identify attentional deteriorations that may underlie crashes in various situations...
July 10, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007353/performance-of-prognostic-modelling-of-high-and-low-ovarian-response-to-ovarian-stimulation-for-ivf
#4
Markus O Scheinhardt, Tamara Lerman, Inke R König, Georg Griesinger
STUDY QUESTION: What is the performance of previously established regression models in predicting low and high ovarian response to 150 μg corifollitropin alfa/GnRH-antagonist ovarian stimulation in an independent dataset? SUMMARY ANSWER: The outcome of ovarian stimulation with 150 μg corifollitropin alfa in a fixed, multiple dose GnRH-antagonist protocol can be validly predicted using logistic regression models with AMH being of paramount importance. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Predictors of ovarian response have been identified in FSH/GnRH agonist protocols as well as ovarian stimulation with corifollitropin alfa/GnRH-antagonist...
July 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007345/quality-characterization-of-eggs-from-romagnola-hens-an-italian-local-breed
#5
Federico Sirri, Marco Zampiga, Francesca Soglia, Adele Meluzzi, Claudio Cavani, Massimiliano Petracci
In the past years, consumers' concerns about sustainability and animal welfare have increased, strengthening the demand for eggs and meat produced through alternative and extensive farming methods. In addition, producers have also become increasingly interested in the recovery and exploitation of local breeds due to their adaptability to local environmental conditions, to valorize the biodiversity and to provide added value to typical products. Among the Italian local breeds, Romagnola has almost risked extinction and currently is reared in small-scale farms for eggs and meat production...
July 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007343/a-mediterranean-like-dietary-pattern-with-vitamin-d3-10-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-d-supplements-reduced-the-rate-of-bone-loss-in-older-europeans-with-osteoporosis-at-baseline-results-of-a-1-y-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Amy Jennings, Kevin D Cashman, Rachel Gillings, Aedin Cassidy, Jonathan Tang, William Fraser, Kirsten G Dowling, George L J Hull, Agnes A M Berendsen, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Barbara Pietruszka, Elzbieta Wierzbicka, Rita Ostan, Alberto Bazzocchi, Giuseppe Battista, Elodie Caumon, Nathalie Meunier, Corinne Malpuech-Brugère, Claudio Franceschi, Aurelia Santoro, Susan J Fairweather-Tait
Background: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is widely recommended for the prevention of chronic disease, but evidence for a beneficial effect on bone health is lacking. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a Mediterranean-like dietary pattern [NU-AGE (New Dietary Strategies Addressing the Specific Needs of the Elderly Population for Healthy Aging in Europe)] on indexes of inflammation with a number of secondary endpoints, including bone mineral density (BMD) and biomarkers of bone and collagen degradation in a 1-y multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT; NU-AGE) in elderly Europeans...
July 11, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007334/diagnostic-accuracy-item-analysis-and-age-effects-of-the-upsit-spanish-version-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
A Campabadal, B Segura, H C Baggio, A Abos, C Uribe, A I Garcia-Diaz, M J Marti, F Valldeoriola, Y Compta, N Bargallo, C Junque
Objective: The University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) is the most commonly used test to detect olfactory impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD), but the cut-off score for clinical purposes is often difficult to establish because of age and sex effects. The current work aims to study the sensitivity and specificity of the UPSIT Spanish version and its accuracy in discriminating PD patients at different age groups from healthy controls (HC), and to perform an item analysis...
July 11, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007333/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-0-018-inch-and-0-022-inch-slot-orthodontic-bracket-systems-part-2-quality-of-treatment
#8
Yassir A Yassir, Ahmed M El-Angbawi, Grant T McIntyre, Gavin F Revie, David R Bearn
Objective: To compare the quality of orthodontic treatment between 0.018-inch and 0.022-inch slot bracket systems. Subjects and methods: Eligible participants aged 12 years or over were allocated to the 0.018-inch or 0.022-inch slot MBT appliance (3M-Unitek, Monrovia, California, USA) using block randomization in groups of 10. Outcome measures included: 1. ABO cast-radiograph evaluation (CR-EVAL), 2. peer assessment rating (PAR) scores, 3. incisor inclination, and 4...
July 11, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007330/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-0-018-inch-and-0-022-inch-slot-orthodontic-bracket-systems-part-3-biological-side-effects-of-treatment
#9
Ahmed M El-Angbawi, Yassir A Yassir, Grant T McIntyre, Gavin F Revie, David R Bearn
Objective: To compare orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) and patient perception of pain during orthodontic treatment between 0.018-inch and 0.022-inch slot bracket systems. Subjects and methods: Eligible participants aged 12 years or above were allocated to treatment with the 0.018-inch or 0.022-inch slot MBT appliance (3M Unitek, Monrovia, California, USA) using block randomization in groups of 10. OIIRR was assessed radiographically using standardized periapical radiographs before and after 9 months from the start of treatment...
July 11, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007318/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-psychosocial-problems-of-children-mediating-role-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#10
Sanne A A de Laat, Anja C Huizink, Michel H Hof, Tanja G M Vrijkotte
Background: Socioeconomically disadvantaged children often have psychosocial problems. This study examined the mediating role of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy, infancy and early childhood in the association between maternal education, as indicator of socioeconomic status (SES), and child's psychosocial problems. Methods: Included were 3410 children from the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development (ABCD) study. To assess the child's psychosocial problems at age 5-6 years, mothers and teachers completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
July 10, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007317/upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty-a-novel-method-to-predict-and-improve-outcomes
#11
Anne Barmettler, Jessie Wang, Moonseong Heo, Geoffrey J Gladstone
Background: In some upper eyelid blepharoplasties, maximal skin removal may not result in desired outcomes and raising crease height can be considered. Currently, there is no method to determine the amount of skin to be excised and/or crease elevation required to achieve a specific outcome. Objective: This study extrapolates an equation to determine amount of skin excision and/or lid crease elevation needed to achieve a specific eyelid margin to fold distance (MFD)...
July 10, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007315/left-ventricular-remodelling-patterns-after-mitraclip-implantation-in-patients-with-severe-mitral-valve-regurgitation-mechanistic-insights-and-prognostic-implications
#12
Hiske J Brouwer, Marc C Den Heijer, Bernard P Paelinck, Philippe Debonnaire, Marc Vanderheyden, Caroline M Van De Heyning, Dina De Bock, Patrick Coussement, Georges Saad, Bert Ferdinande, Anne-Catherine Pouleur, Marc J Claeys
Aims: The effect of MitraClip implantation on left ventricular (LV) remodelling has been shown to be highly variable. The present study wants to assess patterns of LV remodelling and its relationship with outcome. Methods and results: Serial echocardiography before, 1 and 6 months after MitraClip implantation was performed in 79 pts with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) (age 74 ± 10 years, New York Heart Association III/IV 80%, LV ejection fraction 38 ± 13%, logistic EuroSCORE 21 ± 15, and functional MR 81%)...
July 11, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007311/blunt-traumatic-injury-to-the-thoracic-aorta-treated-with-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-a-single-centre-20-year-experience
#13
Andrea Agostinelli, Davide Carino, Bruno Borrello, Carla Marcato, Annalisa Volpi, Tiziano Gherli, Francesco Nicolini
OBJECTIVES: Blunt thoracic aortic injury can be treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with excellent short and mid-term outcomes. However, few data are available about the long-term results. Our goal was to report our single-centre, 20-year experience using TEVAR to treat blunt thoracic aortic injury. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional database to identify all patients treated with TEVAR for traumatic lesions of the aortic isthmus...
July 10, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007307/energy-beverage-use-among-u-s-service-members
#14
Selasi Attipoe, Liam Delahanty, Mark Stephens, Patricia A Deuster
Introduction: The use of energy drinks (ED) or shots (ES) is becoming increasingly popular in U.S. beverage market. In addition, young, physically active males, such as active-duty enlistees represent a prime target for the advertising of ED/ES; however, the exact mechanisms and safety of these products have come under scrutiny. This cross-sectional, exploratory, web-based survey among U.S. service members describes the prevalence of ED/ES use as well as common side effects and safety of these products among self-reported users...
July 11, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007306/a-copy-number-variation-generated-by-complicated-organization-of-pcdha-gene-cluster-is-associated-with-egg-performance-traits-in-xinhua-e-strain
#15
Tao Huang, Shengqi Cheng, Yanping Feng, Zheya Sheng, Yanzhang Gong
In recent years, a mass of duplicated and deleted DNA sequences have been found in human and animal genomes following the prevalence of employing high-throughput sequencing and SNP array. However, few copy number variation (CNV) studies have been performed on egg performance traits of chicken. In this study, 17 loci reported in previous studies were selected for CNV detection in the Xinhua E-strain by using the CNVplex kit, and the detection results showed that locus14 exhibited CNV. Further association analysis indicated the copies of locus14 could be significantly associated with age at first egg (AFE; P < 0...
July 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007304/serial-measures-of-circulating-biomarkers-of-dairy-fat-and-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-older-adults-the-cardiovascular-health-study
#16
Marcia C de Oliveira Otto, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Xiaoling Song, Irena B King, David S Siscovick, Dariush Mozaffarian
Background: Controversy has emerged about the benefits compared with harms of dairy fat, including concerns over long-term effects. Previous observational studies have assessed self-reported estimates of consumption or a single biomarker measure at baseline, which may lead to suboptimal estimation of true risk. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate prospective associations of serial measures of plasma phospholipid fatty acids pentadecanoic (15:0), heptadecanoic (17:0), and trans-palmitoleic (trans-16:1n-7) acids with total mortality, cause-specific mortality, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among older adults...
July 11, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007300/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-0-018-inch-and-0-022-inch-slot-orthodontic-bracket-systems-part-1-duration-of-treatment
#17
Yassir A Yassir, Ahmed M El-Angbawi, Grant T McIntyre, Gavin F Revie, David R Bearn
Objective: To compare treatment duration between 0.018-inch and 0.022-inch slot systems and determine factors influencing treatment duration. Subjects and methods: Eligible participants aged 12 years or over were allocated to the 0.018-inch or 0.022-inch slot MBT appliance (3M-Unitek, Monrovia, California, USA) using block randomization in groups of 10. Outcome measures included duration of: 1. overall treatment, 2. levelling and alignment, 3. working and finishing, and 4...
July 11, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007296/risk-of-progressive-chronic-kidney-disease-in-individuals-with-early-onset-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Jian-Jun Liu, Sylvia Liu, Resham L Gurung, Keven Ang, Wern Ee Tang, Chee Fang Sum, Subramaniam Tavintharan, Su Chi Lim
Background: The progression trajectory of renal filtration function has not been well characterized in patients with early-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) although albuminuria is often reported in this population. We aim to study the risk of progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) in individuals with early-onset T2DM. Methods: In total, 1189 T2DM participants were followed for 3.9 (interquartile range 3.2-4.7) years. Progressive CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline of ≥5 mL/min/1...
July 10, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007290/genetic-analysis-of-carcass-and-meat-quality-traits-in-nelore-cattle
#19
Daniel Gustavo M Gordo, Rafael Espigolan, Tiago Bresolin, Gerardo A Fernandes Júnior, Ana F B Magalhães, Camila U Braz, Willian Bruno Fernandes, Fernando Baldi, Lucia G Albuquerque
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for carcass and meat quality traits, as well as their genetic correlations using pedigree and genomic information. A total of 3,716; 3,702; 3,439; 3,705; and 3,714 records of 12th-13th rib LM area (LMA), backfat thickness (BF), HCW, marbling score (MARB), and Warner-Bratzler peak shear force (WBSF), respectively, were used. Animals were genotyped with BovineHD BeadChip and GeneSeek Genomic Profiler Indicus HD - GGP75Ki panel. The (co)variance components were estimated by Bayesian inference using a multitrait ssGBLUP analysis...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007285/a-renewed-media-mix-based-on-the-dynamic-transactional-model-for-communicating-the-harms-of-alcohol-to-women-in-new-zealand
#20
Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal
Public health messages are traditionally disseminated using mass media that typically are unidirectional or one-way communication. Consequent to the current media proliferation, two-way communication channels are also available for publishing health messages. Though they differ in operation, they co-exist which is explained by the media complementarity theory. This study reports research that identified the sources that women of childbearing age in New Zealand prefer when seeking information concerning alcohol and pregnancy...
July 10, 2018: Health Promotion International
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