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marital therapy

Caroline K Søgaard, Siver A Moestue, Morten B Rye, Jana Kim, Anala Nepal, Nina-Beate Liabakk, Siri Bachke, Tone F Bathen, Marit Otterlei, Deborah K Hill
Docetaxel is the chemotherapeutic choice for metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer, however, it only marginally improves the survival rate. The purpose of the present study was to examine if a peptide targeting the cellular scaffold protein PCNA could improve docetaxel's efficacy. We found that docetaxel given in combination with a cell penetrating peptide containing the AlkB homolog 2 PCNA interacting motif (APIM-peptide), reduced the prostate volume and limited prostate cancer regrowth in vivo in the immunocompetent transgenic adenocarcinoma model of prostate cancer (TRAMP)...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Tiffany Field
The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fear of the birth and of death during delivery, lack of control during labor, low self-confidence for the delivery and the delivery staff, and premature delivery...
March 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Nancy Innocentia Ebu
Background: The burden of HIV and cervical cancer is concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa. Women with HIV are more likely to have persistent HPV infection leading to cervical abnormalities and cancer. Cervical cancer screening seems to be the single most critical intervention in any efforts to prevent cervical cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the socio-demographic factors influencing intention to seek cervical cancer screening by HIV-positive women in the Central Region of Ghana...
2018: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
T S Sathyanarayana Rao, Shreemit Maheshwari, Manju George, Suhas Chandran, Shivanand Manohar, Suman S Rao
Substance abuse and addictive disorders are very common in the community. Patients with addictive disorders frequently experience sexual dysfunctions and chronic use of substances tends to adversely affect all stages of sexual response, in both male and female abusers. An important aspect in the management of sexual dysfunction is psychosocial intervention. In addictive disorders, sexual dysfunction is of high clinical relevance, as it often leads to treatment non adherence and sexual or marital disharmony...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Hargun Ahluwalia, Tanya Anand, L N Suman
Substance abuse is a family disease that adversely impacts both the user and the user's family. The family can act as a risk factor for the development of substance abuse among children and adults. The family can also be involved in therapy to either help the recovery process or prevent substance abuse. Marital and family therapy have been found to be effective in reducing the severity of substance use, lowering marital and family conflict, improving family communication and cohesion as well as effective parenting practices...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Pratima Murthy
While guidelines for psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders in India were earlier rooted in clinical experience and global empirical evidence, recently there have been efforts to develop guidelines for intervention based on the local needs assessments of specific populations and more appreciably, a testing of the effectiveness of the interventions. This supplement on psychosocial interventions for addictive disorders covers some of the important aspects of psychosocial interventions in five sections...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Tonje S Steigedal, Jimita Toraskar, Richard P Redvers, Marit Valla, Synnøve N Magnussen, Anna M Bofin, Signe Opdahl, Steinar Lundgren, Bedrich L Eckhardt, John M Lamar, Judy Doherty, Richard O Hynes, Robin L Anderson, Gunbjørg Svineng
Most cancer patients with solid tumors who succumb to their illness die of metastatic disease. While early detection and improved treatment have led to reduced mortality, even for those with metastatic cancer, some patients still respond poorly to treatment. Understanding the mechanisms of metastasis is important to improve prognostication, to stratify patients for treatment, and to identify new targets for therapy. We have shown previously that expression of nephronectin (NPNT) is correlated with metastatic propensity in breast cancer cell lines...
March 11, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Vasiliki V Georgiopoulou, Arash Velayati, Greg Burkman, Song Li, Kanwal Farooq, Ayman Samman-Tahhan, Lampros Papadimitriou, Javed Butler, Andreas P Kalogeropoulos
Patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) tend to be older and have a high co-morbidity burden. The impact of co-morbid conditions and sociodemographic risk factors on outcomes in these patients has not been quantified. We evaluated 445 consecutive outpatients with HFpEF, defined as established diagnosis of heart failure (HF) with left ventricular ejection fraction at presentation >40% and no previous left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%. Patients with specific cardiomyopathies, congenital heart disease, primary right-sided disease, valvular disease, or previous advanced HF therapies were excluded...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Amber Gayle Thalmayer
Self-report scores on personality inventories predict important life outcomes, including health and longevity, marital outcomes, career success, and mental health problems, but the ways they predict mental health treatment have not been widely explored. Psychotherapy is sought for diverse problems, but about half of those who begin therapy drop out, and only about half who complete therapy experience lasting improvements. Several authors have argued that understanding how personality traits relate to treatment could lead to better targeted, more successful services...
March 8, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Ramez Philips, Daniel Martin, Antoine Eskander, Jeffrey Schord, Nicole Brown, Songzhu Zhao, Guy Brock, Bhavna Kumar, Ricardo Carrau, Enver Ozer, Amit Agrawal, Stephen Y Kang, James W Rocco, David Schuller, Syed Ali, Dukagjin Blakaj, Aashish Bhatt, John Grecula, Theodoros Teknos, Virginia Diavolitsis, Matthew Old
OBJECTIVES: to examine the impact of radiotherapy center volume on overall survival in patients with oral cavity and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma getting adjuvant radiation therapy after receiving surgery at a high-volume center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: a retrospective study was conducted on patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma or oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated surgically at a tertiary institution from 2000 to 2012 who received adjuvant radiotherapy...
March 2018: Oral Oncology
Man-Kyu Song, Soo-Hee Choi, Do-Hyeong Lee, Kyung-Jun Lee, Won Joon Lee, Do-Hyung Kang
Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in patients with chronic pain. However, the efficacy of CBT for impaired empathy has not been studied in this population. We investigated the effect of CBT on empathy in patients with chronic pain. Methods: Patients with severe chronic pain were recruited. Empathy was assessed before and after CBT using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). The patients underwent eight sessions over the course of 1 month conducted...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Ahmed S Beela, Serkan Ünlü, Jürgen Duchenne, Agnieszka Ciarka, Ana Maria Daraban, Martin Kotrc, Marit Aarones, Mariola Szulik, Stefan Winter, Martin Penicka, Aleksandar N Neskovic, Tomasz Kukulski, Svend Aakhus, Rik Willems, Wolfgang Fehske, Lothar Faber, Ivan Stankovic, Jens-Uwe Voigt
Aim: To determine if incorporation of assessment of mechanical dyssynchrony could improve the prognostic value of patient selection based on current guidelines. Methods and results: Echocardiography was performed in 1060 patients before and 12 ± 6 months after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantation. Mechanical dyssynchrony, defined as the presence of apical rocking or septal flash was visually assessed at the baseline examination. Response was defined as ≥15% reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume at follow-up...
February 22, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Carsten Nieder, Thomas A Kämpe
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate whether or not single patients report increased levels of anxiety and depression, compared to married or partnered patients scheduled to receive palliative radiotherapy. In principle, different levels of social support might cause such disparities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective comparison of two groups of patients (28% single, overall 100 patients), who scored their symptoms before palliative radiotherapy with the Edmonton symptom assessment system (ESAS)...
March 2018: In Vivo
Jeanine J Sol, Moniek van de Loo, Marit Boerma, Klasien A Bergman, Albertine E Donker, Mark A H B M van der Hoeven, Christiaan V Hulzebos, Ronny Knol, K Djien Liem, Richard A van Lingen, Enrico Lopriore, Monique H Suijker, Daniel C Vijlbrief, Remco Visser, Margreet A Veening, Mirjam M van Weissenbruch, C Heleen van Ommen
BACKGROUND: In critically ill (preterm) neonates, central venous catheters (CVCs) are increasingly used for administration of medication or parenteral nutrition. A serious complication, however, is the development of catheter-related thrombosis (CVC-thrombosis), which may resolve by itself or cause severe complications. Due to lack of evidence, management of neonatal CVC-thrombosis varies among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). In the Netherlands an expert-based national management guideline has been developed which is implemented in all 10 NICUs in 2014...
February 23, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Massimiliano Chiarini, Emilia De Vita, Angela Meggiolaro, Silvia Miccoli, Gaetana Maria Grazia Stricchiola, Giuseppe Alberto Grande, Maria Luisa Veneziano, Anna Santa Guzzo, Giuseppe La Torre
INTRODUCTION: The error in medicine has long been discussed in scientific debates. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the degree knowledge, attitude and behavior of students in Nursing for the failure in the health sector. METHODS: It was administered to 231 students of Nursing of the Sapienza University of Rome (171 females and 60 males), aged between 21 and 45 years, a structured questionnaire in three questions that explore the experiences and opinions about the errors found in medical practice, the causes underlying them and the mistakes that should never be committed...
October 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
Olumide Abiodun, Ismail Lawal, Christopher Omokanye
HIV is now regarded as a chronic disease because of the availability of treatment. However, it is not well known if there are differences (clinically and in magnitude) between the mental health status of PLHIV and people living with other chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the mental health status of patients attending antiretroviral clinics to patients attending diabetes clinics at tertiary hospitals in Ogun State, Nigeria. A comparative hospital-based cross-sectional study of mental distress among 639 HIV-positive and 639 diabetic patients was carried out...
February 19, 2018: AIDS Care
Shiyi Zhou, Li Ren, Xueshan Xia, Zhijiang Miao, Fen Huang, Yunlong Li, Mei Zhu, Zhenrong Xie, Yu Xu, Yuan Qian, Qiuwei Pan, Kunhua Wang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in immunocompromised patients often results in distinct outcome, compared to the infection in general population. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, potential risk factors and clinical features of HEV infection among HIV patients treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Yunnan province, China. METHODS: A total of 770 HIV-infected patients between May 2015 and February 2016 were enrolled in Yunnan, China...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence shows that the relationship between health-seeking behaviour and diverse gender elements, such as gendered social status, social control, ideology, gender process, marital status and procreative status, changes across settings. Given the high relevance of social settings, this paper intends to explore how gender elements interact with health-seeking practices among men and women residing in an Indian urban slum, in consideration of the unique socio-cultural context that characterises India's slums...
February 14, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Anna Maria Wirsing, Ida Korsnes Ervik, Marit Seppola, Lars Uhlin-Hansen, Sonja Eriksson Steigen, Elin Hadler-Olsen
Oral squamous cell carcinomas are associated with a poor prognosis, which may be partly due to functional impairment of the immune response. Lymphocyte recruitment to the tumor site is facilitated by high-endothelial venules, whereas expression of programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) can impair T-cell function. Thus, we hypothesize that these factors are important in shaping the immune response in oral squamous cell carcinoma. In the present study, we characterized the immune infiltrate in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor samples from 75 oral squamous cell carcinoma patients...
February 7, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Jennifer Konzen, Jessica Lambert, Marianne Miller, Sesen Negash
Marital couples not experiencing a satisfying sexual relationship are less satisfied in their overall relationship. There is, however, a paucity of controlled outcome studies researching effectiveness of sex therapy interventions. This study was a pilot investigation of a new manual-based sex therapy called the EIS (empathy, intimacy, and sexual satisfaction) model. Results showed significant improvement in sexual and marital satisfaction, marital intimacy, and verbal sexual intimacy for men and women, and sexual function for women...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
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