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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088742/patterns-of-drug-use-and-hiv-infection-among-adults-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#1
Stephanie Shiau, Stephen M Arpadi, Michael T Yin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Little is known about drug use patterns among people living with HIV in comparison to an uninfected group in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between legal and illegal drug use and HIV infection in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. METHODS: Public use data files (2005-2014) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were used. Respondents were asked whether a medical professional had ever told them that they had HIV/AIDS...
January 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070247/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-fluoxetine-on-sexual-function-of-women-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Zahra Sabetnejad, Fatemeh Assarian, Abdollah Omidi, Mohammad Reza Najarzadegan
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health concern due to its various negative consequences, especially in sexual function. Therefore, the treatment of sexual dysfunction in women with OCD is important in order to improve the patient's marital function and mental health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the sexual behavior and sexual and marital satisfaction in women with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) before and after treatment with fluoxetine and cognitive behavior therapy...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064386/brief-supportive-expressive-group-therapy-for-partners-of-men-with-early-stage-prostate-cancer-lessons-learned-from-a-negative-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Linda E Carlson, Codie R Rouleau, Michael Speca, John Robinson, Barry D Bultz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report the results of a negative randomized controlled trial, which piloted brief supportive-expressive therapy (SET) for partners of men with prostate cancer, and to discuss lessons learned for future clinical trials. METHODS: Partners of men with newly diagnosed, non-metastatic prostate cancer were randomized to SET (n = 45) or usual care (n = 32). SET involved six weekly group sessions emphasizing emotional expression, social support, and finding meaning in the cancer experience...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060577/wisdom-in-professional-knowledge-why-it-can-be-valuable-to-listen-to-the-voices-of-senior-psychotherapists
#4
Marit Råbu, John McLeod
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of professional wisdom, through learning from the experiences of a group of highly experienced senior therapists. METHOD: Twelve senior psychotherapists took part in qualitative in-depth interviews about their professional role and their views around a range of aspects of therapy theory and practice. Interview transcripts were subjected to thematic analysis. RESULTS: The analysis yielded nine wisdom themes, clustered within three domains...
January 6, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058579/prognostic-significance-of-s100a4-expression-and-subcellular-localization-in-early-stage-breast-cancer
#5
Eivind Valen Egeland, Kjetil Boye, Daehoon Park, Marit Synnestvedt, Torill Sauer, Bjørn Naume, Elin Borgen, Gunhild M Mælandsmo
PURPOSE: Prognostic factors are useful in order to identify early-stage breast cancer patients who might benefit from adjuvant treatment. The metastasis-promoting protein S100A4 has previously been associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. The protein is expressed in diverse subcellular compartments, including the cytoplasm, extracellular space, and nucleus. Nuclear expression is an independent predictor of poor outcome in several cancer types, but the significance of subcellular expression has not yet been assessed in breast cancer...
January 5, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054923/descriptive-longitudinal-study-results-applied-to-statistical-models-to-assess-the-impact-of-early-microbiological-cultures-on-the-economic-burden-of-treatment-for-infected-diabetic-foot-ulcers-at-a-mexican-public-health-facility
#6
Luz-Ma-Adriana Balderas-Peña, Daniel Sat-Muñoz, Rosa-Emilia Ramírez-Conchas, Moisés-Roberto Alvarado-Iñiguez, Javier-Eduardo García-de-Alba-García, Eduardo Cruz-Corona, José-Luis Chávez-Hurtado, José-Martín Chagollán-Ramírez
Infection plays a critical role in health care and impacts the cost of the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). To examine the cost reduction associated with the multidisciplinary treatment of infected DFU (IDFU) by obtaining early (ie, within 48 hours of admission) microbiological culture results, a descriptive, longitudinal study was conducted. Data were collected prospectively from patient medical charts of a cohort of 67 patients (mean age, 56.14 ± 12.3 years; mean duration of diabetes, 14.95 ± 8 years) with IDFU treated at a Mexican public health facility from January 1 to April 30, 2010...
December 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031703/evaluation-of-individual-quality-of-life-among-hemodialysis-patients-nominated-themes-using-seiqol-adapted
#7
Hossein Matlabi, Sharareh Ahmadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) has become an important issue for patients with chronic renal failure diseases who are permanently undergoing hemodialysis. In this study, an adapted schedule for the evaluation of individual quality of life (SEIQoL-adapted) was used to evaluate QoL among hemodialysis patients, to explore their views about the most important aspects of life satisfaction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multiple approach design and convenience sampling were applied to recruit 53 patients from a hemodialysis unit in Iran...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026855/does-hormonal-therapy-for-fertility-preservation-affect-the-survival-of-young-women-with-early-stage-endometrial-cancer
#8
Zoë R Greenwald, Lina N Huang, Michel D Wissing, Eduardo L Franco, Walter H Gotlieb
BACKGROUND: The incidence of endometrial cancer among young women is increasing. Some patients with low-grade endometrial cancer receive hormone therapy (HT) before surgery to preserve fertility. It is unclear whether this adversely affects survival. METHODS: Patients with localized, low-grade endometrial cancer who were aged <45 years were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 1993 and 2012. Propensity score matching was used to select comparable groups receiving HT or primary surgery...
December 27, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025135/doxorubicin-enhances-the-capacity-of-b-cells-to-activate-t-cells-in-urothelial-urinary-bladder-cancer
#9
A Ali Zirakzadeh, Johan Kinn, David Krantz, Robert Rosenblatt, Malin E Winerdal, Jin Hu, Ciputra Adijaya Hartana, Christian Lundgren, Emma Ahlén Bergman, Markus Johansson, Benny Holmström, Johan Hansson, Alexander Sidikii, Janos Vasko, Per Marits, Amir Sherif, Ola Winqvist
Cancer is currently treated by a combination of therapies, including chemotherapy which is believed to suppress the immune system. Combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy correlates with improved survival but needs careful planning in order to achieve a synergistic effect. In this study we have demonstrated that Doxorubicin treatment of B cells resulted in increased expression of CD86 and concordantly increased CD4(+) T cell activation in presence of superantigen, an effect that was inhibited by addition of a CD86 blocking antibody...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018591/characterization-of-heavy-users-of-skin-care-products-among-norwegian-women-from-2003-to-2011
#10
Boel Aniansson, Marit B Veierød, Charlotta Rylander, Eiliv Lund, Torkjel M Sandanger
BACKGROUND: Several ingredients in personal care products (PCPs) have been classified as endocrine disruptors (EDs) and concern has been raised whether use of PCPs can affect human health. We aimed to characterize Norwegian female users of skin care products and compare life style characteristics between heavy users and non-users. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 114 202 women (age 41-76 years) participating in the Norwegian Women and Cancer study, a large population-based prospective cohort study...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017393/long-term-outcome-after-crt-in-the-presence-of-mechanical-dyssynchrony-seen-with-chronic-rv-pacing-or-intrinsic-lbbb
#11
Ivan Stankovic, Christian Prinz, Agnieszka Ciarka, Ana Maria Daraban, Yujing Mo, Marit Aarones, Mariola Szulik, Stefan Winter, Aleksandar N Neskovic, Tomasz Kukulski, Svend Aakhus, Rik Willems, Wolfgang Fehske, Martin Penicka, Lothar Faber, Jens-Uwe Voigt
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the volumetric response and the long-term survival after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with intrinsic left bundle branch block (LBBB) versus chronic right ventricular pacing (RVP) with respect to the presence of mechanical dyssynchrony (MD). BACKGROUND: Chronic RVP induces an iatrogenic LBBB and asynchronous left ventricular contraction that is potentially reversible by upgrading to CRT. METHODS: A total of 914 patients eligible for CRT (117 with conventional pacemakers and 797 with intrinsic LBBB) were included in the study...
December 9, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011925/primary-intramedullary-spinal-cord-lymphoma-a-population-based-study
#12
Wuyang Yang, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Maria Braileanu, Jose L Porras, Justin M Caplan, Xiaoming Rong, Judy Huang, George I Jallo
BACKGROUND: Primary intramedullary spinal cord lymphoma (PISCL) is a rare diagnosis with poorly understood disease progression. Clarification of the factors associated with survival in PISCL patients is warranted. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study utilizing prospectively collected data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Patients with histological diagnosis of primary lymphoma in spinal cord (C72.0) from 1973 to 2012 in the SEER database were included...
December 23, 2016: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999663/implementation-of-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-during-hip-revision-arthroplasty-a-matched-cohort-study
#13
Marit Habicher, Felix Balzer, Viktor Mezger, Jennifer Niclas, Michael Müller, Carsten Perka, Michael Krämer, Michael Sander
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated that intraoperative goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) can decrease postsurgical complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. However, very few studies have demonstrated the value of goal-directed therapy (GDT) in patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery and confirmed it is as useful in real-life conditions. Therefore, we initiated a GDFT implementation programme in patients undergoing hip revision arthroplasty in order to assess its effects on postoperative complications (e...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997704/two-year-follow-up-outcomes-in-emotionally-focused-couple-therapy-an-investigation-of-relationship-satisfaction-and-attachment-trajectories
#14
Stephanie A Wiebe, Susan M Johnson, Marie-France Lafontaine, Melissa Burgess Moser, Tracy L Dalgleish, Giorgio A Tasca
Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT; The practice of emotionally focused couple therapy: Creating connection. New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge) is an evidence-based couple therapy that aims to create lasting change for couples (Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 6(1), 67-79). Although studies have demonstrated strong results in follow-up (Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28(4), 391-398), less is known about relationship functioning across time after therapy has ended. We modelled change in relationship satisfaction and attachment from pre-therapy through 24 months follow-up in 32 couples...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996339/efficacy-of-bowen-theory-on-marital-conflict-in-the-family-nursing-practice-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Shahrzad Yektatalab, Fatemeh Seddigh Oskouee, Mansour Sodani
Family plays an important role in health and illness, and preparing the nurses to assess and improve the family functioning and relationship based on a theoretical framework is of critical importance. This randomized controlled trial was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of Bowen system theory on marital conflict in the family nursing practice. A total of 42 couples referring to the family court of Shiraz, Iran were randomly assigned to either the intervention (receiving eight 90-minute sessions of Bowen systemic family therapy) or the control group (receiving no interventions)...
December 20, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956540/effective-translation-of-research-to-practice-hospital-based-rehabilitation-program-improves-health-related-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-of-cancer-survivors
#16
Amy A Kirkham, Riggs J Klika, Tara Ballard, Paul Downey, Kristin L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Although exercise has been widely established as an efficacious rehabilitative therapy for cancer survivors in rigorously designed research studies, demonstration of translation of this research into clinical oncology practice is needed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a real-world cancer rehabilitation program implemented within a healthcare setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study involved 299 adult cancer survivors enrolled in a hospital-based, supervised, individualized, cancer rehabilitation program...
December 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933394/men-and-women-show-similar-survival-rates-after-breast-cancer
#17
Paulo Franscisco Mascarenhas Bender, Letícia Lima de Oliveira, Célia Regina Costa, Suzana Sales de Aguiar, Anke Bergmann, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler
PURPOSE: To compare the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of men and women undergoing treatment for breast cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with breast cancer diagnosed and treated at the Cancer Hospital III of the National Cancer Institute of Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 1999 and 2013. Male breast cancer cases were matched for age, year of diagnosis, and clinical staging to three female cases (1:3). Patient characteristics were abstracted from hospital records and medical charts...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928249/%C3%A2-recurrence-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-its-risk-factors
#18
Roya Najafi-Vosough, Ali Ghaleiha, Javad Faradmal, Hossein Mahjub
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify prognosis factors associated with recurrence in patients ‎with bipolar disorder.‎‎ Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Hamadan Province, the west of Iran. All ‎patients (n = 400) with bipolar disorder who were hospitalized for the second time or more ‎during April 2008 to September 2014 were included in this study. Ordinal logistic regression ‎analysis was employed to determine the effective factors in each recurrence, and odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918456/examining-the-cervical-screening-behaviour-of-women-aged-50-or-above-and-its-predicting-factors-a-population-based-survey
#19
Carmen W H Chan, Kai Chow Choi, Rosa S Wong, Ka Ming Chow, Winnie K W So, Doris Y P Leung, Wendy W T Lam, William Goggins
Under-screening may increase the risk of cervical cancer in middle-aged women. This study aimed to investigate cervical cancer screening behaviour and its predictors among women aged 50 years or above. A population-based sample of 959 women was recruited by telephone from domestic households in Hong Kong, using random methods, and a structured questionnaire developed to survey participants. Multivariable logistic regressions were performed to examine the factors independently associated with cervical screening behaviour...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918188/the-effectiveness-of-couple-therapy-clinical-outcomes-in-a-naturalistic-united-kingdom-setting
#20
David Hewison, Polly Casey, Naomi Mwamba
Couple therapy outcomes tend to be judged by randomized controlled trial evidence, which comes primarily from the United States. United Kingdom and European outcome studies have tended to be naturalistic and there is a debate as to whether "laboratory" (RCT) studies are useful benchmarks for the outcomes of "clinic" (naturalistic) studies, not least because the therapies tested in the RCTs are hardly used in these settings. The current paper surveys the naturalistic studies in the literature and presents results from a U...
December 2016: Psychotherapy
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