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marital therapy

Yu-Mi Lee, Rock Bum Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keonyeop Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Hyeung-Keun Park, Soon-Ki Ahn, So Young Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Won Kyung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Mi-Ji Kim, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The healthy adherer effect is a phenomenon in which patients who adhere to medical therapies tend to pursue health-seeking behaviors. Although the healthy adherer effect is supposed to affect health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, evaluation of its presence and extent is not easy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and lifestyle modifications and health-related quality of life among post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients...
May 22, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Wireko-Gyebi Sampson, Ashiagbor Emelia Sandra
Background: Despite the existence of autism spectrum disorder in Ghana, few studies have provided the necessary information on the phenomenon. These studies have mostly focused on speech and language therapy for children and modification of classroom environment for children with autism spectrum disorder. This approach has resulted in a paucity of knowledge on nurse's knowledge of autism spectrum disorder in Ghana. Objective: The study sought to assess the knowledge of paediatric and psychiatric on autism spectrum disorder...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Eleanor R Turi, Yvette Conley, Elizabeth Crago, Paula Sherwood, Samuel M Poloyac, Dianxu Ren, Ansley G Stanfill
Purpose Ability to return to work (RTW) after stroke has been shown to have positive psychosocial benefits on survivors. Although one-fifth of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) survivors suffer from poor psychosocial outcomes, the relationship between such outcomes and RTW post-stroke is not clear. This project explores the relationship between age, gender, race, marital status, anxiety and depression and RTW 3 and 12 months post-aSAH. Methods Demographic and clinical variables were collected from the electronic medical record at the time of aSAH admission...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Li Wang, Brian Y Hong, Sean A Kennedy, Yaping Chang, Chris J Hong, Samantha Craigie, Henry Y Kwon, Beatriz Romerosa, Rachel J Couban, Susan Reid, James S Khan, Michael McGillion, Victoria Blinder, Jason W Busse
Purpose Breast cancer surgery is associated with unemployment. Identifying high-risk patients could help inform strategies to promote return to work. We systematically reviewed observational studies to explore factors associated with unemployment after breast cancer surgery. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to identify studies that explored risk factors for unemployment after breast cancer surgery. When possible, we pooled estimates of association for all independent variables reported by more than one study...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Tinkhani H Mbichila, Maganizo Chagomerana, Jennifer H Tang, Lisa B Haddad, Mina C Hosseinipour, Hannock Tweya, Samuel Phiri
HIV serodisclosure to sexual partners is an important aspect of HIV prevention, treatment, and care. We investigated the association between partnership duration and serodisclosure among HIV-infected individuals in Lilongwe, Malawi. We analyzed data from a cross-sectional study of individuals attending one of two antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinics in Lilongwe. Clients aged 18-45 years and sexually active within the past six months were eligible. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the association between partnership duration ≤1 year and serodisclosure...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Daniel Mak, Chantal Babb de Villiers, Charles Chasela, Margaret I Urban, Anna Kramvis
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of risk factors associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in black adult South Africans and to estimate the size of the associated risks. METHODS: A case-control analysis of 150 black South African patients (aged 18-75 years) with HCC-who were a subset of patients recruited for the Johannesburg Cancer Case Control Study 2000 to 2012-was undertaken. The association between this tumour and hepatitis B/C virus infections, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) mono- and co-infections was investigated...
2018: PloS One
Elise Thoresen Sletten, Marit Arnes, Anne Beate Vereide, Anne Ørbo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Progestin therapy has been accepted as therapy for low- and medium-risk endometrial hyperplasia. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the low-dose levonorgestrel-impregnated intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) 13.5 mg (Jaydess®, Bayer Pharmaceuticals, Berlin, Germany) as therapy for endometrial hyperplasia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 21 women with histologically-verified endometrial hyperplasia were prospectively treated with LNG-IUS Jaydess...
May 2018: Anticancer Research
Arezoo Shayan, Masumeh Taravati, Maryam Garousian, Narges Babakhani, Javad Faradmal, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
Background: Marital quality reflects the individual's overall evaluation of marital relationship. The aim of study was examine the effect of cognitive behavioral counseling on marital quality among women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experimental study was a randomized clinical trial with two groups, on 198 qualified women who referred to selected health care centers in Hamadan, Iran in 2016. The intervention participants attended four 90-minute sessions of cognitive behavioral counseling...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Nina E Klevanger, Marius S Fimland, Roar Johnsen, Marit B Rise
BACKGROUND: Facilitating return to work can be challenging due to the complexity of work disability. Few studies have examined rehabilitation programs based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy that intend to support return to work, and none have investigated therapists' experience with providing such programs. The aim of this study was therefore to explore therapists' experience of addressing the return to work process in an inpatient occupational rehabilitation program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy...
April 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
H H Chen, B T Fu, Q Y Zhu, H X Lu, L H Luo, L Chen, X H Liu, X J Zhou, J H Huang, X X Feng, G S Shan, Z Y Shen
Objective: To understand the dynamic variation of BMI and influencing factors among HIV/AIDS patients receiving highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) in Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Guangxi). Methods: HIV/AIDS patients receiving HAART for the first time since 1 January 2013 were selected. Data on BMI was analyzed among patients receiving HAART at baseline,6 months and 12 months after treatment. By using the general linear model repeated measures of analysis of variance, BMI dynamic variations and influencing factors were described and analyzed...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Carol Parise, Vincent Caggiano
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of marital status and the role of race/ethnicity on breast cancer specific mortality in women with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). METHODS: The study utilized the California Cancer Registry to identify 22,812 cases of first primary female TNBC. Unadjusted Kaplan-Meier breast cancer specific survival was computed. Cox Proportional Hazards modeling was used to compute the adjusted risk of breast cancer specific mortality for women who were single, separated, divorced, and widowed when compared with women who were married...
2018: PloS One
Muna Maharjan, Niresh Thapa, Raj Devi Adhikari, Marcia A Petrini, Kapendra Shekhar Amatya
Introduction: Worldwide breast cancer is the common invasive cancer among the females. The quality of life of women after treatment, which is often a mastectomy, is frequently decreased. Objective: To determine the life quality of Nepalese women post mastectomy. Materials and Methods: One hundred seven women after a mastectomy were selected and interviewed by using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire and its Breast Specific Module to assess women’s quality of life...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Pei-Hsun Liao, Ching-Chih Lee
OBJECTIVE: In Taiwan, the median age of diagnosis for oral cavity cancer is 51 year old, which is about 10 years earlier than that in Western countries. A recent study assessing the effect of marriage on outcomes for elderly oral cavity cancer patients (≥66 years old) showed that marriage was associated with better survival. However, little is known about the prognostic significance of marital status in oral cavity cancer patients aged 65 years and younger. METHODS: Data from 2007 to 2014 were collected from the Cancer Registry Dataset of the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital...
April 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Ali A El-Solh, Usman Riaz, Jasmine Roberts
A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions...
April 20, 2018: Chest
Nathan R Hardy, Matthew W Brosi, Kami L Gallus
The field of couple, marital, and family therapy (CMFT) is at an important juncture of identity development and synthesis. Integrative Systemic Therapy (IST) is a problem-centered metaframeworks approach that meets the growing needs of family therapists working with diverse and complex family systems and restores the field to its original focus on collaboration. This paper describes the process by which IST developed featuring anecdotes from live interviews with the founders. We briefly outline IST's theoretical pillars and the essential way IST practitioners deliver treatment including a blueprint for therapy...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Peh Joo Ho, Sofie A M Gernaat, Mikael Hartman, Helena M Verkooijen
OBJECTIVE: To summarise the evidence on determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in Asian patients with breast cancer. DESIGN: Systematic review conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations and registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015032468). METHODS: According to the PRISMA guidelines, databases of MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase and PsycINFO were systematically searched using the following terms and synonyms: breast cancer, quality of life and Asia...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
Fan Feng, Yuxian Wei, Ke Zheng, Yujing Li, Lu Zhang, Tielin Wang, Yanli Zhang, Hongyuan Li, Guosheng Ren, Fan Li
Premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancers are considered different types. Thus, this study aimed to explore differences in risk factors, epidemiological features, clinicopathological features, and treatment modes of premenopausal breast cancer compared to postmenopausal patients in western China. This was a hospital-based, retrospective, multicenter epidemiological study of patients with breast cancer. Using the Western China Clinical Cooperation Group database, we obtained the records of 15,389 female breast cancers between January 2010 and April 2017...
April 19, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Hannah C Williamson, Julia F Hammett, Jaclyn M Ross, Benjamin R Karney, Thomas N Bradbury
Despite evidence that empirically supported couple therapies improve marital relationships, relatively few couples seek help when they need it. Low-income couples are particularly unlikely to engage in relationship interventions despite being at greater risk for distress and dissolution than their higher-income counterparts. The present study aimed to clarify how premarital education influences couples' progression through different stages of later help-seeking, as identified in prior research. Using 5 waves of self-report data from a sample of 431 ethnically diverse newlywed couples living in low-income neighborhoods, analyses revealed that wives who received premarital education later considered seeking therapy at a higher level of relationship satisfaction and lower level of problem severity than those who did not receive premarital education, though this was not true for husbands...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Lena Jelinek, Marit Hauschildt, Birgit Hottenrott, Michael Kellner, Steffen Moritz
Studies have confirmed the efficacy of the cognitive intervention Association Splitting (AS) in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) when applied as a self-help technique. AS aims to alter symptom-provoking automated cognitive networks of OC-related stimuli by building new or strengthening established but weak neutral associations. The aim of this study was to investigate the acceptance and benefits of therapist-assisted AS as an add-on to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). One hundred and nine patients with OCD who were undergoing CBT were randomly assigned to either AS or cognitive remediation (CR)...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Yue Pan, Lingyun Lu, Junquan Chen, Yong Zhong, Zhehao Dai
BACKGROUND: Spinal chordomas are rare primary osseous tumors that arise from the remnants of the notochord. They are commonly considered slow-growing, locally invasive neoplasms with little tendency to metastasize, but the high recurrent rate of spinal chordomas may seriously affect the survival rate and quality of life of patients. The aim of the study is to describe the epidemiological data and determine the prognostic factors for decreased survival in patients with primary spinal chordoma...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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