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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226179/the-use-of-theory-in-family-therapy-research-content-analysis-and-update
#1
Ruoxi Chen, Alexandria C Hughes, Jason P Austin
In this study, we evaluated 275 empirical studies from Journal of Marital and Family Therapy and Family Process from 2010 to 2015 on their use of theory, and compared our findings to those of a similar previous analysis (Hawley & Geske, 2000). Overall, theory seems to have become much better incorporated in empirical family therapy research, with only 16.4% of the articles not using theory in either their introductory or discussion sections. Theory appeared better incorporated in the introductory sections than in the discussion sections...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206786/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-marital-adjustment-among-israeli-combat-veterans-the-role-of-loneliness-and-attachment
#2
Liat Itzhaky, Jacob Y Stein, Yafit Levin, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: War trauma may foster ramifications for marital relationships. Veterans may feel that no one can understand them and thus impact their relationships. The current study aims to shed light on the role that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), loneliness, and attachment orientations may play in marital adjustment among combat veterans. METHOD: Participants were 504 veterans who served in the Lebanon War in 1982. RESULTS: Analysis revealed that higher PTSS levels were related to lower marital adjustment and that the indirect path of this relation through loneliness was significant...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195022/impact-of-county-level-socioeconomic-status-on-oropharyngeal-cancer-survival-in-the-united-states
#3
Uchechukwu C Megwalu
Objective To evaluate the impact of county-level socioeconomic status on survival in patients with oropharyngeal cancer in the United States. Study Design Retrospective cohort study via a large population-based cancer database. Methods Data were extracted from the SEER 18 database (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) of the National Cancer Institute. The study cohort included 18,791 patients diagnosed with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma between 2004 and 2012. Results Patients residing in counties with a low socioeconomic status index had worse overall survival (56...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187212/an-analysis-of-drug-resistance-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-shanghai-china
#4
Fengdi Zhang, Li Liu, Meiyan Sun, Jianjun Sun, Hongzhou Lu
BACKGROUND: Understanding the mechanisms of drug resistance can facilitate better management of antiretroviral therapy, helping to prevent transmission and decrease the morbidity and mortality of people living with HIV/AIDS. However, there is little data about transmitted drug resistance and acquired drug resistance for HIV/AIDS patients in Shanghai. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of HIV-infected patients who visited the Department of Infectious Disease from June 2008 to June 2015 was conducted in Shanghai, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156554/universal-screening-for-depression-in-cancer-patients-and-its-impact-on-management-patterns
#5
Shehzad Niazi, David Hodge, Nicolette Chimato, Ankit Agarwal, Elaine Gustetic, William Adam Hammond, Bhagirathbhai R Dholaria, Sikander Ailawadhi
: 232 Background: Screening for distress in cancer patients (pts) is recommended by several national guidelines. High distress scores are associated with increased depression. We established universal depression screening and investigated its impact on cancer patient management. METHODS: Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) was administered to newly diagnosed cancer patients prior to receiving their first non-oral antineoplastic agent. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, chronic medication load, antidepressant use, treatment interruptions, weight change, referral and adherence to psychiatry were recorded...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156515/perception-of-curability-in-an-international-cohort-of-advanced-cancer-patients-receiving-palliative-care
#6
Omar M Shamieh, Luis Fernando Rodrigues, Columbe Tricou, Marilène Filbet, Kyaw Naing, Akhileswaran Ramaswamy, Mary Joycylyn S Bautista, Pedro Emilio Perez-Cruz, Sarah Fakrooden, Mary Ann Muckaden, Sofia Bunge, Vikash Sewram, Antonio Noguera Tejedor, David Hui, Minjeong Park, Diane D Liu, Eduardo Bruera
: 5 Background: There is limited data on the illness understanding and perception of cure among advanced cancer patients (ACP) receiving palliative care around the world. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency and factors associated with perception of curability in countries in North and South Americas , Europe, Asia and Africa. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a study to determine the decisional control preferences in different countries. ACP receiving palliative care were surveyed to assess the patients' Understanding of Illness using a Understanding Of Illness questionnaire...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129240/sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-endometrial-cancer-after-surgery
#7
Huiqiao Gao, Meizhu Xiao, Huimin Bai, Zhenyu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the sexual function and quality of life (QOL) and identify their associated factors in survivors of endometrial cancer. METHODS: The participants in this study were survivors of endometrial cancer who visited the gynecological outpatient department for routine surveillance from June 2014 to May 2015. The QOL and sexual function were measured using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) and Female Sexual Function Index questionnaires...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088742/patterns-of-drug-use-and-hiv-infection-among-adults-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#8
Stephanie Shiau, Stephen M Arpadi, Michael T Yin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Little is known about drug use patterns among people living with HIV in comparison to an uninfected group in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between legal and illegal drug use and HIV infection in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. METHODS: Public use data files (2005-2014) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were used. Respondents were asked whether a medical professional had ever told them that they had HIV/AIDS...
May 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070247/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-fluoxetine-on-sexual-function-of-women-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Zahra Sabetnejad, Fatemeh Assarian, Abdollah Omidi, Mohammad Reza Najarzadegan
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health concern due to its various negative consequences, especially in sexual function. Therefore, the treatment of sexual dysfunction in women with OCD is important in order to improve the patient's marital function and mental health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the sexual behavior and sexual and marital satisfaction in women with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) before and after treatment with fluoxetine and cognitive behavior therapy...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064386/brief-supportive-expressive-group-therapy-for-partners-of-men-with-early-stage-prostate-cancer-lessons-learned-from-a-negative-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Linda E Carlson, Codie R Rouleau, Michael Speca, John Robinson, Barry D Bultz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report the results of a negative randomized controlled trial, which piloted brief supportive-expressive therapy (SET) for partners of men with prostate cancer, and to discuss lessons learned for future clinical trials. METHODS: Partners of men with newly diagnosed, non-metastatic prostate cancer were randomized to SET (n = 45) or usual care (n = 32). SET involved six weekly group sessions emphasizing emotional expression, social support, and finding meaning in the cancer experience...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060577/wisdom-in-professional-knowledge-why-it-can-be-valuable-to-listen-to-the-voices-of-senior-psychotherapists
#11
Marit Råbu, John McLeod
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of professional wisdom, through learning from the experiences of a group of highly experienced senior therapists. METHOD: Twelve senior psychotherapists took part in qualitative in-depth interviews about their professional role and their views around a range of aspects of therapy theory and practice. Interview transcripts were subjected to thematic analysis. RESULTS: The analysis yielded nine wisdom themes, clustered within three domains...
January 6, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058579/prognostic-significance-of-s100a4-expression-and-subcellular-localization-in-early-stage-breast-cancer
#12
Eivind Valen Egeland, Kjetil Boye, Daehoon Park, Marit Synnestvedt, Torill Sauer, Bjørn Naume, Elin Borgen, Gunhild M Mælandsmo
PURPOSE: Prognostic factors are useful in order to identify early-stage breast cancer patients who might benefit from adjuvant treatment. The metastasis-promoting protein S100A4 has previously been associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. The protein is expressed in diverse subcellular compartments, including the cytoplasm, extracellular space, and nucleus. Nuclear expression is an independent predictor of poor outcome in several cancer types, but the significance of subcellular expression has not yet been assessed in breast cancer...
January 5, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054923/descriptive-longitudinal-study-results-applied-to-statistical-models-to-assess-the-impact-of-early-microbiological-cultures-on-the-economic-burden-of-treatment-for-infected-diabetic-foot-ulcers-at-a-mexican-public-health-facility
#13
Luz-Ma-Adriana Balderas-Peña, Daniel Sat-Muñoz, Rosa-Emilia Ramírez-Conchas, Moisés-Roberto Alvarado-Iñiguez, Javier-Eduardo García-de-Alba-García, Eduardo Cruz-Corona, José-Luis Chávez-Hurtado, José-Martín Chagollán-Ramírez
Infection plays a critical role in health care and impacts the cost of the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). To examine the cost reduction associated with the multidisciplinary treatment of infected DFU (IDFU) by obtaining early (ie, within 48 hours of admission) microbiological culture results, a descriptive, longitudinal study was conducted. Data were collected prospectively from patient medical charts of a cohort of 67 patients (mean age, 56.14 ± 12.3 years; mean duration of diabetes, 14.95 ± 8 years) with IDFU treated at a Mexican public health facility from January 1 to April 30, 2010...
December 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031703/evaluation-of-individual-quality-of-life-among-hemodialysis-patients-nominated-themes-using-seiqol-adapted
#14
Hossein Matlabi, Sharareh Ahmadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) has become an important issue for patients with chronic renal failure diseases who are permanently undergoing hemodialysis. In this study, an adapted schedule for the evaluation of individual quality of life (SEIQoL-adapted) was used to evaluate QoL among hemodialysis patients, to explore their views about the most important aspects of life satisfaction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multiple approach design and convenience sampling were applied to recruit 53 patients from a hemodialysis unit in Iran...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026855/does-hormonal-therapy-for-fertility-preservation-affect-the-survival-of-young-women-with-early-stage-endometrial-cancer
#15
Zoë R Greenwald, Lina N Huang, Michel D Wissing, Eduardo L Franco, Walter H Gotlieb
BACKGROUND: The incidence of endometrial cancer among young women is increasing. Some patients with low-grade endometrial cancer receive hormone therapy (HT) before surgery to preserve fertility. It is unclear whether this adversely affects survival. METHODS: Patients with localized, low-grade endometrial cancer who were aged <45 years were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 1993 and 2012. Propensity score matching was used to select comparable groups receiving HT or primary surgery...
December 27, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025135/doxorubicin-enhances-the-capacity-of-b-cells-to-activate-t-cells-in-urothelial-urinary-bladder-cancer
#16
A Ali Zirakzadeh, Johan Kinn, David Krantz, Robert Rosenblatt, Malin E Winerdal, Jin Hu, Ciputra Adijaya Hartana, Christian Lundgren, Emma Ahlén Bergman, Markus Johansson, Benny Holmström, Johan Hansson, Alexander Sidikii, Janos Vasko, Per Marits, Amir Sherif, Ola Winqvist
Cancer is currently treated by a combination of therapies, including chemotherapy which is believed to suppress the immune system. Combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy correlates with improved survival but needs careful planning in order to achieve a synergistic effect. In this study, we have demonstrated that doxorubicin treatment of B cells resulted in increased expression of CD86 and concordantly increased CD4(+) T cell activation in the presence of superantigen, an effect that was inhibited by the addition of a CD86 blocking antibody...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018591/characterization-of-heavy-users-of-skin-care-products-among-norwegian-women-from-2003-to-2011
#17
Boel Aniansson, Marit B Veierød, Charlotta Rylander, Eiliv Lund, Torkjel M Sandanger
BACKGROUND: Several ingredients in personal care products (PCPs) have been classified as endocrine disruptors (EDs) and concern has been raised whether use of PCPs can affect human health. We aimed to characterize Norwegian female users of skin care products and compare life style characteristics between heavy users and non-users. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 114 202 women (age 41-76 years) participating in the Norwegian Women and Cancer study, a large population-based prospective cohort study...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017393/long-term-outcome-after-crt-in-the-presence-of-mechanical-dyssynchrony-seen-with-chronic-rv-pacing-or-intrinsic-lbbb
#18
Ivan Stankovic, Christian Prinz, Agnieszka Ciarka, Ana Maria Daraban, Yujing Mo, Marit Aarones, Mariola Szulik, Stefan Winter, Aleksandar N Neskovic, Tomasz Kukulski, Svend Aakhus, Rik Willems, Wolfgang Fehske, Martin Penicka, Lothar Faber, Jens-Uwe Voigt
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the volumetric response and the long-term survival after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with intrinsic left bundle branch block (LBBB) versus chronic right ventricular pacing (RVP) with respect to the presence of mechanical dyssynchrony (MD). BACKGROUND: Chronic RVP induces an iatrogenic LBBB and asynchronous left ventricular contraction that is potentially reversible by upgrading to CRT. METHODS: A total of 914 patients eligible for CRT (117 with conventional pacemakers and 797 with intrinsic LBBB) were included in the study...
December 9, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011925/primary-intramedullary-spinal-cord-lymphoma-a-population-based-study
#19
Wuyang Yang, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Maria Braileanu, Jose L Porras, Justin M Caplan, Xiaoming Rong, Judy Huang, George I Jallo
BACKGROUND: Primary intramedullary spinal cord lymphoma (PISCL) is a rare diagnosis with poorly understood disease progression. Clarification of the factors associated with survival in PISCL patients is warranted. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study utilizing prospectively collected data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Patients with histological diagnosis of primary lymphoma in spinal cord (C72.0) from 1973 to 2012 in the SEER database were included...
December 23, 2016: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999663/implementation-of-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-during-hip-revision-arthroplasty-a-matched-cohort-study
#20
Marit Habicher, Felix Balzer, Viktor Mezger, Jennifer Niclas, Michael Müller, Carsten Perka, Michael Krämer, Michael Sander
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated that intraoperative goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) can decrease postsurgical complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. However, very few studies have demonstrated the value of goal-directed therapy (GDT) in patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery and confirmed it is as useful in real-life conditions. Therefore, we initiated a GDFT implementation programme in patients undergoing hip revision arthroplasty in order to assess its effects on postoperative complications (e...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
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