Read by QxMD icon Read

vertical transmission lyme

Jessica Y Kwan, Reid Griggs, Betsabel Chicana, Caitlin Miller, Andrea Swei
Vector-borne pathogens are increasingly found to interact with the vector's microbiome, influencing disease transmission dynamics. However, the processes that regulate the formation and development of the microbiome are largely unexplored for most tick species, an emerging group of disease vectors. It is not known how much of the tick microbiome is acquired through vertical transmission vs. horizontally from the environment or interactions with bloodmeal sources. Using 16S rRNA sequencing, we examined the microbiome of Ixodes pacificus, the vector of Lyme disease in the western USA, across life stages and infection status...
December 2017: Molecular Ecology
J M Dunn, S Davis, A Stacey, M A Diuk-Wasser
The basic reproduction number of a pathogen, R0, determines whether a pathogen will spread (R0>1), when introduced into a fully susceptible population or fade out (R0<1), because infected hosts do not, on average, replace themselves. In this paper we develop a simple mechanistic model for the basic reproduction number for a group of tick-borne pathogens that wholly, or almost wholly, depend on horizontal transmission to and from vertebrate hosts. This group includes the causative agent of Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi, and the causative agent of human babesiosis, Babesia microti, for which transmission between co-feeding ticks and vertical transmission from adult female ticks are both negligible...
October 21, 2013: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Milijana Relić, Goran Relić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2012: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Neena Qasba, Amirhoushang A Shamshirsaz, Henry M Feder, Winston A Campbell, James F Egan, Alireza A Shamshirsaz
UNLABELLED: There is paucity of data regarding tick-borne diseases during pregnancy. Here, we report a case of human granulocytic anaplasmosis during pregnancy with successful treatment and a favorable neonatal outcome. We also review diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of published case reports from 1983 to 2010 of human granulocytic anaplasmosis, Lyme disease, babesiosis, and human monocytic ehrlichiosis in the United States. TARGET AUDIENCE: Obstetricians and Gynecologists and Family Physicians...
December 2011: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Dania Richter, Alina Debski, Zdenek Hubalek, Franz-Rainer Matuschka
To determine which kind of spirochete infects larval Ixodes ricinus, we examined questing larvae and larvae derived from engorged females for the presence of particular spirochetal DNA that permitted species differentiation. Borrelia miyamotoi was the sole spirochete detected in larval ticks sampled while questing on vegetation. Questing nymphal and adult ticks were infected mainly by Borrelia afzelii, whereas larval ticks resulting from engorged females of the same population were solely infected by B. miyamotoi...
January 2012: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Etsuko Nonaka, Gregory D Ebel, Helen J Wearing
BACKGROUND: The flaviviruses causing tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) persist at low but consistent levels in tick populations, despite short infectious periods in their mammalian hosts and transmission periods constrained by distinctly seasonal tick life cycles. In addition to systemic and vertical transmission, cofeeding transmission has been proposed as an important route for the persistence of TBE-causing viruses. Because cofeeding transmission requires ticks to feed simultaneously, the timing of tick activity may be critical to pathogen persistence...
July 23, 2010: PloS One
Jerome M Larkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2008: Medicine and Health, Rhode Island
J Hercogova, D Vanousova
Syphilis and lyme borreliosis have similar etiologic, clinical, and epidemiologic characteristics. Both are multisystem infectious disorders spread worldwide. Their clinical course can be divided into three stages and as to spirochetal origin, antibiotic therapy is similar too. Taxonomical relationship of Treponema and Borrelia could explain also congenital manifestations well-known in syphilis, and suggested in borreliosis. Therapy of pregnant women with syphilis and lyme borreliosis should follow the same strategy...
May 2008: Dermatologic Therapy
P Huynen, P Melin, M P Hayette, P De Mol
In Medical Microbiology, in addition to the direct methods of indentification of infectious agentss, the serologic indirect techniques by quantification of antibodies have extremely useful in infectiology, for the diagnosis and the therapeutic or vaccination follow-up as well as for epidemiologic enquiries, serodiagnosis methods have significantly improved. Meanwhile, results may reveal hard to interpret, especially when are tries to specify the time of the beginning of an infection. The results require in the majority of the cases to be compared on two subsequent serum samples, to observe a possible increase in antibodies level...
December 2006: Revue Médicale de Liège
Teresa Brzostek
A case of 25 years old woman, living in an endemic area for Lyme borreliosis was examined. In 29 th week of pregnancy thrombocytopenia, fever and fatigue were observed, in the last 7 weeks erythema migrans was present. The woman was not treated by that time. The infant presented thrombocytopenia in the first few weeks of life. 3 months after delivery erythema migrans disseminata was observed, by that time Lyme borreliosis and HGE were serologically confirmed. It was not confirmed that the infection was transferred to the infant, but it is possible that thrombocytopenia was caused by the infection with A...
2004: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Valentina V Nefedova, Edward I Korenberg, Nataliya B Gorelova, Yury V Kovalevskii
The possibility of vertical transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Ixodes persulcatus Schulze, 1930 ticks was studied in the progeny of 20 females collected from the vegetation in an active focus of ixodid tick-borne borrelioses (ITBB) located in the Perm oblast, Russia, where Borrelia garinii and B. afzelii are circulating. The presence of Borrelia DNA was detected by the PCR method after feeding and egg laying in 16 engorged females (80.0%), as well as in 36.5 +/- 7.2% samples containing 20 eggs each and in 21...
March 2004: Folia Parasitologica
K Wan, Z Zhang, H Wang, X Hou
From 1987 to 1997, the reservoir hosts of Borrelia burdorferi(B.b.) were investigated in 16 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions of China. Seroepidemiological findings indicated that cattle, sheep, dogs and rats from forest areas had a high antibody titer for B.b. (B31) with positive rates of 18.18%-32.61%, 17.12%-61.21%, 38.50-60.00% and 41.18%-86.05% respectively. Using BSK medium, 20 strains of B.b. were isolated from Apodemus agrarius, Clethrionomys rufocanus, Eutamias sibiricus, Rattus coxingi, Rattus norvegicus, Rattus edwardsi, Rattus confucianus, Rattus fulvescens and Caprolagus sinensis...
January 30, 1999: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
G A Scoles, M Papero, L Beati, D Fish
A species of Borrelia spirochetes previously unknown from North America has been found to be transmitted by Ixodes scapularis ticks. Infected ticks are positive for Borrelia spp. by DFA test but negative for Borrelia burgdorferi by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using species-specific primers for 16S rDNA, outer surface protein A, outer surface protein C, and flagellin genes. A 1,347-bp portion of 16S rDNA was amplified from a pool of infected nymphs, sequenced, and compared with the homologous fragment from 26 other species of Borrelia...
2001: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Eugene D Shapiro, Michael A Gerber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2002: Pediatric Annals
D J Elliott, S C Eppes, J D Klein
We reviewed the world literature concerning the reproductive effects of Lyme disease (LD). Borrelia burgdorferi, which is the etiology of LD, is a spirochete and, as such, may share the potential for causing fetal infection, which may occur in the setting of maternal spirochetemia. Information concerning the effects of gestational LD derives from case reports and series, epidemiologic studies, and experimental animal models. Although provocative, these studies fail to define a characteristic teratogenic effect...
November 2001: Teratology
T C Porco
A mathematical model of enzootic Lyme-disease transmission in a natural focus is presented. This model is based on the life history of the vector tick Ixodes scapularis Say and the primary reservoir host Peromyscus leucopus. Using this model, the threshold condition for the disease to be able to invade a nonenzootic region is determined as a function of the various possible transmission chains operating throughout the year. These expressions show that the transmission chain in which ticks acquire the disease from mice in the fall and transmit it back to mice as nymphs in the spring is the most important chain (contributing approximately 87% of the elasticity of the threshold for the parameter choices examined)...
September 1999: IMA Journal of Mathematics Applied in Medicine and Biology
J E Woodrum, J H Oliver
A hamster was inoculated with the SI-1 strain of Borrelia burgdorferi and subsequently served as a host to larval Ixodes scapularis Say. Approximately 68% of the nymphs resulting from the fed larvae were infected. Nymphs from this group were fed on uninfected hamsters, and 3 of 4 males and 6 of 6 females became infected. The infected hamsters were allowed to mate with uninfected partners to test for venereal transmission. Six infected females were mated with 6 uninfected males, whereas 3 infected males were mated with 6 uninfected females...
June 1999: Journal of Parasitology
G Trevisan, G Stinco, M Cinco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1997: International Journal of Dermatology
H M Silver
There has been great concern in the past regarding the possible fetal infection and teratogenicity from Lyme disease contracted during pregnancy because of the similarities of disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi to syphilis. Although the initial retrospective case reports were alarming, more recent prospective data have been reassuring. This article reviews the evidence that currently supports the assurance of the benign nature of this infection with respect to the fetus.
March 1997: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
H Lefcort, L A Durden
Little is known about the effects of infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacterium that causes Lyme disease, on its tick vectors. The purpose of this study was to determine the behavioural and ecological effects of infection by the bacterium in nymphal and adult black-legged (Ixodes scapularis) ticks. We found that the effects of infection were more pronounced in adults than in nymphs. Compared to uninfected adults, infected adults were less able to overcome physical obstacles, avoided vertical surfaces, were less active and quested at lower heights...
August 1996: Parasitology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"