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vitamin d and mood

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135835/clinical-use-of-nutraceuticals-in-the-adjunctive-treatment-of-depression-in-mood-disorders
#1
Jerome Sarris
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to detail a summary of the current evidence in this area, to better inform clinical practice. Our recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses of nutrient pharmacotherapies in the treatment unipolar depression revealed primarily positive results for replicated studies testing S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe), methylfolate, omega-3 (EPA or ethyl-EPA), and Vitamin D; with supportive isolated studies found for creatine and an amino acid combination. Mixed results were found for zinc, folic acid, Vitamin C, and tryptophan; and non-significant study results for inositol...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#2
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus‑based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel, and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic workup of patients with chronic widespread (generalized) pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires, at the first medical evaluation, a complete history, medical examination, and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, measurement of C‑reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid‑stimulating hormone, and 25‑hydroxyvitamin D levels) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068788/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-lactobacillus-helveticus-and-bifidobacterium-longum-for-the-symptoms-of-depression
#3
Amy R Romijn, Julia J Rucklidge, Roeline G Kuijer, Chris Frampton
OBJECTIVES: This trial investigated whether probiotics improved mood, stress and anxiety in a sample selected for low mood. We also tested whether the presence or severity of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, and levels of proinflammatory cytokines, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and other blood markers, would predict or impact treatment response. METHOD: Seventy-nine participants (10 dropouts) not currently taking psychotropic medications with at least moderate scores on self-report mood measures were randomly allocated to receive either a probiotic preparation (containing Lactobacillus helveticus and Bifidobacterium longum) or a matched placebo, in a double-blind trial for 8 weeks...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012571/perinatal-nutrition-interventions-and-post-partum-depressive-symptoms
#4
REVIEW
Jacqueline F Gould, Karen Best, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mood disorder associated with childbirth. No single cause of PPD has been identified, however the increased risk of nutritional deficiencies incurred through the high nutritional requirements of pregnancy may play a role in the pathology of depressive symptoms. Three nutritional interventions have drawn particular interest as possible non-invasive and cost-effective prevention and/or treatment strategies for PPD; omega-3 (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), vitamin D and overall diet...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993842/exercise-induced-biochemical-changes-and-their-potential-influence-on-cancer-a-scientific-review
#5
Robert James Thomas, Stacey A Kenfield, Alfonso Jimenez
AIM: To review and discuss the available international literature regarding the indirect and direct biochemical mechanisms that occur after exercise, which could positively, or negatively, influence oncogenic pathways. METHODS: The PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane libraries were searched for papers up to July 2016 addressing biochemical changes after exercise with a particular reference to cancer. The three authors independently assessed their appropriateness for inclusion in this review based on their scientific quality and relevance...
December 19, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975236/impact-of-high-dose-vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-in-remission-a-pilot-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study
#6
Neeraj Narula, Mohan Cooray, Rebecca Anglin, Zack Muqtadir, Alisha Narula, John K Marshall
AIM: To assess the tolerability and efficacy of high-dose vitamin D3 in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of high-dose vitamin D3 at 10,000 IU daily (n = 18) compared to 1000 IU daily (n = 16) for 12 months in patients with CD in remission. The primary outcome was change in serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D levels. Secondary outcomes included clinical relapse rates and changes in mood scores...
February 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827293/vitamin-d-deficiency-behavioral-atypicality-anxiety-and-depression-in-children-with-chromosome-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#7
L Kelley, A F P Sanders, E A Beaton
Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a complex developmental disorder with serious medical, cognitive and emotional symptoms across the lifespan. This genetic deletion also imparts a lifetime risk for developing schizophrenia that is 25-30 times that of the general population. The origin of this risk is multifactorial and may include dysregulation of the stress response and immunological systems in relation to brain development. Vitamin D is involved in brain development and neuroprotection, gene transcription, immunological regulation and influences neuronal signal transduction...
December 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810275/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-mental-health-in-young-australian-women-results-from-the-safe-d-study
#8
Emma T Callegari, Nicola Reavley, Alexandra Gorelik, Suzanne M Garland, John D Wark
BACKGROUND: While there is evidence linking vitamin D status with mood, this association and its clinical significance remain uncertain. Moreover, few studies have focused on young, community-dwelling females. The Safe-D study examined the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and mental health in young women. METHODS: Participants completed an online questionnaire, wore a UV dosimeter to measure personal sun exposure and underwent a comprehensive health assessment...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792133/effects-of-walnut-consumption-on-mood-in-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Peter Pribis
Walnuts contain a number of potentially neuroprotective compounds like vitamin E, folate, melatonin, several antioxidative polyphenols and significant amounts of ω-3 fatty acids. The present study sought to determine the effect of walnuts on mood in healthy volunteers. Sixty-four college students were randomly assigned to two treatment sequences in a crossover fashion: walnut-placebo or placebo-walnut. At baseline mood was assessed using Profiles of Mood States (POMS). Data was collected again after eight weeks of intervention...
October 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716304/appropriate-vitamin-d-loading-regimen-for-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer
#10
L John Hoffer, Line Robitaille, Nelda Swinton, Jason Agulnik, Victor Cohen, David Small, Carmela Pepe, Shaun Eintracht
BACKGROUND: Most patients attending cancer clinics have hypovitaminosis D. Correcting or preventing this abnormal condition could mitigate the emotional and physical complications of their disease, but clinical trials of vitamin D therapy in this setting are hindered by the unavailability of safe, effective and practical loading dose regimens. METHODS: In this single arm open-label pharmacokinetic trial, outpatients with advanced lung cancer consumed 20,000 IU vitamin D daily with the largest meal of the day for 14 days followed by 10,000 IU per day for a further 7 days...
October 6, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672750/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-pain-mood-depression-and-strength-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Thornton G Williams, Reza Ehsanian, Kazuko L Shem, Jerry Wright, Linda Isaac, James Crew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612362/fatty-acid-blood-levels-vitamin-d-status-physical-performance-activity-and-resiliency-a-novel-potential-screening-tool-for-depressed-mood-in-active-duty-soldiers
#12
Nicholas D Barringer, Russ S Kotwal, Michael D Lewis, Leslee K Funderburk, Timothy R Elliott, Stephen F Crouse, Stephen B Smith, Michael Greenwood, Richard B Kreider
This study examined whether blood fatty acid levels, vitamin D status, and/or physical activity are associated with physical fitness scores; a measure of mood, Patient Health Questionnaire-9; and a measure of resiliency, Dispositional Resiliency Scale-15 in active duty Soldiers. 100 active duty males at Fort Hood, Texas, underwent a battery of psychometric tests, anthropometric measurements, and fitness tests, and they also provided fasting blood samples for fatty acid and vitamin D analysis. Pearson bivariate correlation analysis revealed significant correlations among psychometric tests, anthropometric measurements, physical performance, reported physical inactivity (sitting time), and fatty acid and vitamin D blood levels...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544544/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-perinatal-depression-in-iranian-pregnant-mothers
#13
Farideh Vaziri, Samira Nasiri, Zohreh Tavana, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Farkhondeh Sharif, Peyman Jafari
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders in pregnancy and post-partum period are common and considered as a public health issue. Researchers have studied the relationship between low serum vitamin D concentration and perinatal depression, although no clinical trial has been conducted on vitamin D's effects on depression related to childbirth. This study evaluated the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on perinatal depression scores. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was done in pregnant women who were under prenatal care in a teaching hospital in Shiraz, Iran...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492302/-the-impact-of-sunlight-exposure-on-the-health-of-older-adults
#14
Tzu-Chia Lin, Yen-Chi Liao
Appropriate exposure to sunlight not only contributes to the production of vitamin D, which has been associated with enhanced bone health, mood, and cognitive functions, but also regulates the secretion of melatonin, which has been associated with the mediation of circadian rhythms, improved sleep quality, and optimized physical and social activity in the elderly. However, damage to the skin, eyes, and immune system has also been widely associated with long-term exposure to sunlight. Several studies have shown that many elderly, especially those that reside in institutions, do not receive sufficient sunlight exposure...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434043/sustained-increase-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-healthy-young-women-during-wintertime-after-three-suberythemal-uv-irradiations-the-muvy-pilot-study
#15
Maria Gudrun Biersack, Malgorzata Hajdukiewicz, Ralf Uebelhack, Leonora Franke, Helmut Piazena, Pascal Klaus, Vera Höhne-Zimmer, Tanja Braun, Frank Buttgereit, Gerd-Rüdiger Burmester, Jacqueline Detert
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency is a health problem prevalent not only in the elderly but also in young adults. The primary objective of our observational pilot study "MUVY" (Mood, UVR, Vitamin D in Young women) was to test both the short-term and long-term effects of a series of three suberythemal UV radiation (UVR) exposures on the VitD status and well-being of young healthy women during winter in a repeat measure design. METHODS: 20 healthy young women (Fitzpatrick skin types I-III, aged 21-25 years) received three full body broad band UVR exposures with an escalating erythemally weighted dose schedule during one week in winter, and completed self-report questionnaires monitoring symptoms of depression (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI) and affective state/well-being (Profile of Mood States, POMS) at baseline and three days after the last UVR exposure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217151/mood-stress-and-longevity-convergence-on-ank3
#16
S Rangaraju, D F Levey, K Nho, N Jain, K D Andrews, H Le-Niculescu, D R Salomon, A J Saykin, M Petrascheck, A B Niculescu
Antidepressants have been shown to improve longevity in C. elegans. It is plausible that orthologs of genes involved in mood regulation and stress response are involved in such an effect. We sought to understand the underlying biology. First, we analyzed the transcriptome from worms treated with the antidepressant mianserin, previously identified in a large-scale unbiased drug screen as promoting increased lifespan in worms. We identified the most robust treatment-related changes in gene expression, and identified the corresponding human orthologs...
August 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149477/association-between-serum-levels-of-vitamin-d-and-the-risk-of-post-stroke-anxiety
#17
Chaowen Wu, Wenwei Ren, Jianhua Cheng, Beilei Zhu, Qianqian Jin, Liping Wang, Cao Chen, Lin Zhu, Yaling Chang, Yingying Gu, Jiyun Zhao, Dezhao Lv, Bei Shao, Shunkai Zhang, Jincai He
Low levels of serum vitamin D are common in patients with mood disorders and stroke. It has been shown that low levels of serum vitamin D indicate a risk of depression in post-stroke subjects. Our aim was to determine the relationship between vitamin D and post-stroke anxiety (PSA).A consecutive series of 226 first acute ischemic stroke patients were recruited and followed up for 1 month. Serum levels of vitamin D were measured within 24 hours of admission. Patients with significant clinical symptoms of anxiety and a Hamilton anxiety scale score >7 were diagnosed as having PSA...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010185/economic-benefit-of-calcium-and-vitamin-d-supplementation-does-it-outweigh-the-cost-of-nonunions
#18
Benjamin R Childs, Brendan A Andres, Heather A Vallier
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to evaluate economic benefit of calcium and vitamin D supplementation in orthopaedic trauma patients. We hypothesized that reduced nonunion rates could justify the cost of supplementing every orthopaedic trauma patient. DESIGN: Retrospective, economic model. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients over 3 consecutive years presenting with acute fracture. INTERVENTION: Operative or nonoperative fracture management...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998791/the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-the-prevention-of-late-life-depression
#19
REVIEW
Olivia I Okereke, Ankura Singh
BACKGROUND: In this article, we review current evidence regarding potential benefits of vitamin D for improving mood and reducing depression risk in older adults. We summarize gaps in knowledge and describe future efforts that may clarify the role of vitamin D in late-life depression prevention. METHODS: MEDLINE and PsychINFO databases were searched for all articles on vitamin D and mood that had been published up to and including May 2015. Observational studies and randomized trials with 50 or more participants were included...
1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994381/mood-improving-potential-of-a-vitamin-trace-element-composition-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-study-with-healthy-volunteers
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Claus Muss, Wilhelm Mosgoeller, Thomas Endler
OBJECTIVES: Neurotransmitters regulate mood, attention vigilance and other clinical symptoms linked with depression. Various medications ameliorate symptoms of depression and mood disorders by interference with the serotonic metabolism. Serotonin metabolism depends on nutritional cofactors such as pyridoxin together with essential mineral and trace elements. Both, inflammation and metabolic conditions seem to affect the bioavailability of serotonin crucially. We hypothesized that serotonin supply depends on relevant gastrointestinal precursor absorption and on the availability of nutritive antiinflammatory cofactors...
2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
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