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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906408/spatially-uniform-resistance-switching-of-low-current-high-endurance-titanium-niobium-oxide-memristors
#1
Suhas Kumar, Noraica Davila, Ziwen Wang, Xiaopeng Huang, John Paul Strachan, David Vine, A L David Kilcoyne, Yoshio Nishi, R Stanley Williams
We analyzed micrometer-scale titanium-niobium-oxide prototype memristors, which exhibited low write-power (<3 μW) and energy (<200 fJ per bit per μm(2)), low read-power (∼nW), and high endurance (>millions of cycles). To understand their physico-chemical operating mechanisms, we performed in operando synchrotron X-ray transmission nanoscale spectromicroscopy using an ultra-sensitive time-multiplexed technique. We observed only spatially uniform material changes during cell operation, in sharp contrast to the frequently detected formation of a localized conduction channel in transition-metal-oxide memristors...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906331/compact-silicon-photonic-resonance-sssisted-variable-optical-attenuator
#2
Xiaoxi Wang, Ryan Aguinaldo, Anthony Lentine, Christopher DeRose, Andrew L Starbuck, Douglas Trotter, Andrew Pomerene, Shayan Mookherjea
A two-part silicon photonic variable optical attenuator is demonstrated in a compact footprint which can provide a high extinction ratio at wavelengths between 1520 nm and 1620 nm. The device was made by following the conventional p-i-n waveguide section by a high-extinction-ratio second-order microring filter section. The rings provide additional on-off contrast by utilizing a thermal resonance shift, which harvested the heat dissipated by current injection in the p-i-n junction. We derive and discuss a simple thermal-resistance model in explanation of these effects...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906272/characterization-of-power-absorption-response-of-periodic-three-dimensional-structures-to-partially-coherent-fields
#3
Denis Tihon, Stafford Withington, Christopher N Thomas, Christophe Craeye
In many applications of absorbing structures it is important to understand their spatial response to incident fields, for example in thermal solar panels, bolometric imaging, and controlling radiative heat transfer. In practice, the illuminating field often originates from thermal sources and is only partially spatially coherent when it reaches the absorbing device. In this paper, we present a method to fully characterize the way a structure can absorb such partially coherent fields. The method is presented for any three-dimensional material and accounts for the partial coherence and partial polarization of the incident light...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906239/fiber-optic-electron-spin-resonance-thermometry-of-single-laser-activated-neurons
#4
A A Lanin, I V Fedotov, Yu G Ermakova, D A Sidorov-Biryukov, A B Fedotov, P Hemmer, V V Belousov, A M Zheltikov
Optically detected electron spin resonance in fiber-coupled nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers of diamond is used to demonstrate a fiber-optic quantum thermometry of individual thermogenetically activated neurons. Laser-induced temperature variations read out from single neurons with the NV-diamond fiber sensor are shown to strongly correlate with the fluorescence of calcium-ion sensors, serving as online indicators of the inward Ca<sup>2+</sup> current across the cell membrane of neurons expressing transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channels...
December 1, 2016: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905962/identifying-potential-differences-in-cause-of-death-coding-practices-across-russian-regions
#5
Inna Danilova, Vladimir M Shkolnikov, Dmitri A Jdanov, France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
BACKGROUND: Reliable and comparable data on causes of death are crucial for public health analysis, but the usefulness of these data can be markedly diminished when the approach to coding is not standardized across territories and/or over time. Because the Russian system of producing information on causes of death is highly decentralized, there may be discrepancies in the coding practices employed across the country. In this study, we evaluate the uniformity of cause-of-death coding practices across Russian regions using an indirect method...
March 22, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905946/chemically-and-thermally-stable-silica-nanowires-with-a-%C3%AE-sheet-peptide-core-for-bionanotechnology
#6
Zahraa S Al-Garawi, George E Kostakis, Louise C Serpell
BACKGROUND: A series of amyloidogenic peptides based on the sequence KFFEAAAKKFFE template the silica precursor, tetraethyl orthosilicate to form silica-nanowires containing a cross-β peptide core. RESULTS: Investigation of the stability of these fibres reveals that the silica layers protect the silica-nanowires allowing them to maintain their shape and physical and chemical properties after incubation with organic solvents such as 2-propanol, ethanol, and acetonitrile, as well as in a strong acidic solution at pH 1...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905928/perceptions-on-the-effect-of-small-electric-fans-on-comfort-inside-bed-nets-in-southern-ghana-a-qualitative-study
#7
Mulako S Jaeger, Olivier J T Briët, Joseph Keating, Collins K Ahorlu, Joshua O Yukich, Samuel Oppong, Peter Nardini, Constanze Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are known to be highly effective in reducing malaria transmission, morbidity and mortality. However, among those owning an LLIN, use rates are often suboptimal. A reported barrier to bed net use is discomfort due to heat. This qualitative study was part of a larger evaluation conducted in communities without electricity in rural Ghana to assess whether 0.8 W solar powered net fans can increase net use. METHODS: Twenty-three key informant interviews with household heads in the study communities in Shai-Osudoku District, southern Ghana, were conducted from July to August 2015...
December 1, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905619/highly-fluorescent-nitrogen-doped-carbon-dots-with-excellent-thermal-and-photo-stability-applied-as-invisible-ink-for-loading-important-information-and-anti-counterfeiting
#8
Yingbo Liu, Liang Zhou, Yanan Li, Ruiping Deng, Hongjie Zhang
High quantum yields (QY) and stable performances are prerequisites for implementing carbon dots in practical applications. In this study, we demonstrate that nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs), which were prepared via the hydrothermal treatment of citric acid (CA) and tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl aminomethane (Tris), have a high QY of 75%, together with excellent thermal and photo stability. These N-CDs deliver an excellent thermal stability performance over the temperature range of 25 °C to 95 °C, and even at a heating temperature of 90 °C for 360 min...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905607/a-heat-capacity-model-of-t-3-2-dependence-for-quantum-dots
#9
Amirul Edham Roslee, Saifful Kamaluddin Muzakir, Jamil Ismail, Mashitah M Yusoff, Rajan Jose
This article addresses the heat capacity of quantum dots (QDs) using density functional theory (DFT). By analyzing the evolution of phonon density of states and heat capacity as CdSe clusters grow from a molecular cluster into larger quantum confined solids, we have shown that their heat capacity does not fit very well with the Debye T(3) model. We observed that the number of phonon modes, which is discrete, increases as the particles grow, and the dispersion relation shows a quadratic behavior in contrast to the bulk solids whose dispersion relation is linear and equal to the sound velocity...
December 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905547/in-silico-mapping-of-protein-unfolding-mutations-for-inherited-disease
#10
Caitlyn L McCafferty, Yuri V Sergeev
The effect of disease-causing missense mutations on protein folding is difficult to evaluate. To understand this relationship, we developed the unfolding mutation screen (UMS) for in silico evaluation of the severity of genetic perturbations at the atomic level of protein structure. The program takes into account the protein-unfolding curve and generates propensities using calculated free energy changes for every possible missense mutation at once. These results are presented in a series of unfolding heat maps and a colored protein 3D structure to show the residues critical to the protein folding and are available for quick reference...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905493/increased-temperature-delays-the-late-season-phenology-of-multivoltine-insect
#11
Adam Glazaczow, David Orwin, Michał Bogdziewicz
We analyzed the impact of increased water temperature on the late-season phenology of the mayfly (Baetis liebenauae). The River Gwda, unlike two other examined rivers (controls), has reservoirs along its length and thus, higher water temperature. Elevated water temperature prolonged summer diapause of the mayfly and shifted its life cycle to the later autumn: the last generation of mayflies started development later in the Gwda than in the control rivers. This translated into terrestrial stages (subimagos) of the insect being more abundant at the water surface in the late autumn in the Gwda river than in the control rivers...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905488/advanced-fabrication-of-chemically-bonded-graphene-tio2-continuous-fibers-with-enhanced-broadband-photocatalytic-properties-and-involved-mechanisms-exploration
#12
Qingzhe Zhang, Nan Bao, Xinqiang Wang, Xinde Hu, Xinhan Miao, Mohamed Chaker, Dongling Ma
In this article, a novel route for the synthesis of graphene/TiO2 continuous fibers (GTF) using force-spinning combined with water vapor annealing method is reported for the first time. The morphology, structure and optical properties of the composite were fully characterized. With a single step of heat treatment process using steam at ambient conditions, we were able to initiate a series of chemical reactions, such as reduction of graphene oxide (GO), crystallization of TiO2, formation of C-Ti bond, and introduction of oxygen vacancies into TiO2...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905481/investigating-the-highest-melting-temperature-materials-a-laser-melting-study-of-the-tac-hfc-system
#13
Omar Cedillos-Barraza, Dario Manara, K Boboridis, Tyson Watkins, Salvatore Grasso, Daniel D Jayaseelan, Rudy J M Konings, Michael J Reece, William E Lee
TaC, HfC and their solid solutions are promising candidate materials for thermal protection structures in hypersonic vehicles because of their very high melting temperatures (>4000 K) among other properties. The melting temperatures of slightly hypostoichiometric TaC, HfC and three solid solution compositions (Ta1-xHfxC, with x = 0.8, 0.5 and 0.2) have long been identified as the highest known. In the current research, they were reassessed, for the first time in the last fifty years, using a laser heating technique...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905297/altered-thermoregulatory-responses-in-heart-failure-patients-exercising-in-the-heat
#14
Bryce N Balmain, Ollie Jay, Surendran Sabapathy, Danielle Royston, Glenn M Stewart, Rohan Jayasinghe, Norman R Morris
Heart failure (HF) patients appear to exhibit impaired thermoregulatory capacity during passive heating, as evidenced by diminished vascular conductance. Although some preliminary studies have described the thermoregulatory response to passive heating in HF, responses during exercise in the heat remain to be described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare thermoregulatory responses in HF and controls (CON) during exercise in the heat. Ten HF (NYHA classes I-II) and eight CON were included. Core temperature (Tc), skin temperature (Tsk), and cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) were assessed at rest and during 1 h of exercise at 60% of maximal oxygen uptake...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905281/identification-of-acanthamoeba-genotypes-in-pools-and-stagnant-water-in-ponds-in-sistan-region-in-southeast-iran
#15
Ali Aghajani, Mansour Dabirzadeh, Yahya Maroufi, Hossein Hooshyar
OBJECTIVE: Acanthamoeba is one of the most abundant free-living amoebas that is widely distributed in natural and artificial environment resources. Acanthamoeba pathogenic genotypes cause chronic human diseases including amoebic keratitis and granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. The aim of this study was to determine and identify Acanthamoeba genotypes residing in pools and stagnant water in ponds in Sistan region in southeast Iran. This descriptive study was conducted at the Parasitology Laboratory, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905129/taking-the-heat-out-of-exercise-to-improve-vascular-health
#16
Monique Emily Francois, Kate Nicole Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904974/heat-stress-affects-carbohydrate-metabolism-during-cold-induced-sweetening-of-potato-solanum-tuberosum-l
#17
Derek J Herman, Lisa O Knowles, N Richard Knowles
Tolerance to heat stress for retention of low-temperature sweetening-resistant phenotype in potato is conferred by insensitivity of acid invertase activity to cold induction. Heat stress exacerbated cold sweetening (buildup of reducing sugars) of the LTS (low-temperature sweetening)-susceptible potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars, Ranger Russet and Russet Burbank, and completely abolished the resistance to cold sweetening in the LTS-resistant cultivars/clones, Sage Russet, GemStar Russet, POR06V12-3 and A02138-2...
November 30, 2016: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904969/metabolic-responses-and-omics-technologies-for-elucidating-the-effects-of-heat-stress-in-dairy-cows
#18
REVIEW
Li Min, Shengguo Zhao, He Tian, Xu Zhou, Yangdong Zhang, Songli Li, Hongjian Yang, Nan Zheng, Jiaqi Wang
Heat stress (HS) negatively affects various industries that rely on animal husbandry, particularly the dairy industry. A better understanding of metabolic responses in HS dairy cows is necessary to elucidate the physiological mechanisms of HS and offer a new perspective for future research. In this paper, we review the current knowledge of responses of body metabolism (lipid, carbohydrate, and protein), endocrine profiles, and bovine mammary epithelial cells during HS. Furthermore, we summarize the metabolomics and proteomics data that have revealed the metabolite profiles and differentially expressed proteins that are a feature of HS in dairy cows...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904835/a-novel-dominant-d109a-cryab-mutation-in-a-family-with-myofibrillar-myopathy-affects-%C3%AE-b-crystallin-structure
#19
Jakub P Fichna, Anna Potulska-Chromik, Przemysław Miszta, Maria Jolanta Redowicz, Anna M Kaminska, Cezary Zekanowski, Sławomir Filipek
Myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) is a group of inherited muscular disorders characterized by myofibrils dissolution and abnormal accumulation of degradation products. So far causative mutations have been identified in nine genes encoding Z-disk proteins, including αB-crystallin (CRYAB), a small heat shock protein (also called HSPB5). Here, we report a case study of a 63-year-old Polish female with a progressive lower limb weakness and muscle biopsy suggesting a myofibrillar myopathy, and extra-muscular multisystemic involvement, including cataract and cardiomiopathy...
June 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904644/ambient-temperature-affects-postnatal-litter-size-reduction-in-golden-hamsters
#20
Sarah A Ohrnberger, Raquel Monclús, Heiko G Rödel, Teresa G Valencak
BACKGROUND: To better understand how different ambient temperatures during lactation affect survival of young, we studied patterns of losses of pups in golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) at different ambient temperatures in the laboratory, mimicking temperature conditions in natural habitats. Golden hamsters produce large litters of more than 10 young but are also known to wean fewer pups at the end of lactation than they give birth to. We wanted to know whether temperature affects litter size reductions and whether the underlying causes of pup loss were related to maternal food (gross energy) intake and reproductive performance, such as litter growth...
2016: Frontiers in Zoology
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