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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815267/long-term-trend-in-sunscreen-use-among-beachgoers-in-denmark
#1
Ida M Heerfordt, Peter A Philipsen, Bettina Ø Larsen, Hans Christian Wulf
This observational study examined the trend from the 1990s to 2016 of sunscreen use, sun protection factor (SPF) and quantity of sunscreen applied amongst beachgoers in Denmark. In 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2016, a total of 1,306 beachgoers were asked if they had used sunscreen on a specific day and, if so, of what SPF. In 1992 and 2016 another 143 beachgoers had their sunscreen bottles weighed before and after application. The frequency of sunscreen use among women increased from 45% in 1997 to 78% in 2016, while frequency of use among men increased from 39% to 49%...
August 17, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813352/optimizing-motivation-and-attention-for-motor-performance-and-learning
#2
REVIEW
Rebecca Lewthwaite, Gabriele Wulf
We review three lines of recent research at an intersection of motor learning and sport psychology as they relate to motor skill acquisition: enhanced expectancies, autonomy support, and external attentional focus. Findings within these lines of research have been integrated into a new theory, the OPTIMAL (Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning) theory (i.e., OPTIMAL theory, Wulf and Lewthwaite, 2016), and have been applied in motor skill acquisition and performance. Implications range from more effective skill development in children and novice performers to athletes and performers in many fields, including clinical rehabilitation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806609/sleep-disturbances-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-empirical-patterns-and-related-factors-from-an-epidemiological-survey
#3
Wulf Rössler, Vladeta AjdacicGross, Nick Glozier, Stephanie Rodgers, Helene Haker, Mario Müller
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that sleep disorders are highly associated with other mental health problems. However, sleep problems even below the diagnostic threshold of sleep disorders are very common in the general population, which highly affects wellbeing and functioning. In order to broaden the focus beyond those severe cases we explored empirical patterns across the whole spectrum of sleep problems as well as associated clinical and other factors. METHOD: A representative community sample of N=1274 residents from the canton of Zurich was interviewed for sleep problems and diagnostic criteria for mental disorders as well as was given a number of mental health-related psychometrical checklists...
July 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806216/psoas-versus-femoral-blocks-a-registry-analysis-of-risks-and-benefits
#4
Hagen Bomberg, Andrea Huth, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Paul Kessler, Hinnerk Wulf, Thomas Standl, André Gottschalk, Jens Döffert, Werner Hering, Jürgen Birnbaum, Claudia Spies, Bernd Kutter, Jörg Winckelmann, Gerald Burgard, Oliver Vicent, Thea Koch, Daniel I Sessler, Thomas Volk, Alexander Raddatz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psoas blocks are an alternative to femoral nerve blocks and have the potential advantage of blocking the entire lumbar plexus. However, the psoas muscle is located deeply, making psoas blocks more difficult than femoral blocks. In contrast, while femoral blocks are generally easy to perform, the inguinal region is prone to infection. We thus tested the hypothesis that psoas blocks are associated with more insertion-related complications than femoral blocks but have fewer catheter-related infections...
August 11, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796885/photodynamic-therapy-is-more-effective-than-imiquimod-for-actinic-keratosis-in-organ-transplant-recipients-a-randomized-intra-individual-controlled-trial
#5
K Togsverd-Bo, C Halldin, C Sandberg, H Gonzalez, A M Wennberg, S S Sørensen, H C O Wulf, M Haedersdal
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AKs) in solid organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are difficult-to-treat pre-malignancies and comparison of topical therapies is therefore warranted. OBJECTIVES: In an intra-individual study to compare efficacy and safety of field treatment with methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) and imiquimod (IMIQ) for AKs in OTRs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OTRs (n=35) with 572 AKs (grade I-III) in two similar areas in the face, scalp, dorsal hands or forearms were included...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778061/studies-on-the-interaction-of-polylactid-based-planar-and-nanoparticular-biomaterials-with-serum-albumin-and-fibrinogen
#6
Katharina Wulf, Ulrike Tschierschky, Thomas Eickner, Niels Grabow, Ralf G Mundkowski
Knowledge about the interactions of biomaterials with biological matrices is still poor however crucial to future development in terms of how to cope with immunomodulatory adverse effects and to control the integration of implants into tissue or the targeting of nano devices. The appropriate design of a material depends on reliable data about the influence of oligomer or polymer configuration and dispersity as well as surface properties including chemical modifications. This work addressed the interaction of four polylactide (PLA) resomers, a well-established, biodegradable biomaterial, and two physiologically relevant proteins, which are ubiquitous in human serum - albumin (HSA) and fibrinogen (HFG)...
July 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763816/-drug-coated-balloons-and-stents-for-the-treatment-of-femoro-popliteal-lesions
#7
Wulf D Ito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758314/child-and-parental-executive-functioning-in-type-1-diabetes-their-unique-and-interactive-role-toward-treatment-adherence-and-glycemic-control
#8
Eveline R Goethals, Maartje de Wit, Nady Van Broeck, Jurgen Lemiere, Dagmar Van Liefferinge, Susanne Böhler, Marian De Wulf, Elke Dello, Jolien Laridaen, Lynn Van Hecke, Shana Van Impe, Kristina Casteels, Koen Luyckx
OBJECTIVE: Managing type 1 diabetes (T1D) requires the ability to make complex and critical decisions regarding treatment, to execute complex tasks accurately, and to make adjustments when problems arise. This requires effective neuropsychological competences of patients and their families, especially in the domain of executive functioning (EF): the ability to self-monitor, plan, solve problems, and set priorities. Previous research focused mainly on child EF, neglecting the impact of parental EF...
July 30, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752781/is-age-a-key-factor-contributing-to-the-disparity-between-success-of-neuroprotective-strategies-in-young-animals-and-limited-success-in-elderly-stroke-patients-focus-on-protein-homeostasis
#9
Wei Yang, Wulf Paschen
Neuroprotection strategies to improve stroke outcome have been successful in the laboratory but not in clinical stroke trials, and thus have come under scrutiny by the medical community. Experimental stroke investigators are therefore under increased pressure to resolve this problem. Acute ischemic stroke represents a severe form of metabolic stress that activates many pathological processes and thereby impairs cellular functions. Traditionally, neuroprotection strategies were designed to improve stroke outcome by interfering with pathological processes triggered by ischemia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744618/-image-enhancement-for-germany-s-urologists-from-strategy-workshop-to-the-creation-of-the-urology-brand-name
#10
REVIEW
C Wülfing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740244/mechanisms-and-specificity-of-phenazine-biosynthesis-protein-phzf
#11
Christina Diederich, Mario Leypold, Martin Culka, Hansjörg Weber, Rolf Breinbauer, G Matthias Ullmann, Wulf Blankenfeldt
Phenazines are bacterial virulence and survival factors with important roles in infectious disease. PhzF catalyzes a key reaction in their biosynthesis by isomerizing (2 S,3 S)-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy anthranilate (DHHA) in two steps, a [1,5]-hydrogen shift followed by tautomerization to an aminoketone. While the [1,5]-hydrogen shift requires the conserved glutamate E45, suggesting acid/base catalysis, it also shows hallmarks of a sigmatropic rearrangement, namely the suprafacial migration of a non-acidic proton...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731206/comparative-plasma-and-interstitial-fluid-pharmacokinetics-of-flunixin-meglumine-and-ceftiofur-hydrochloride-following-individual-and-co-administration-in-dairy-cows
#12
P J Gorden, M D Kleinhenz, L W Wulf, S J Rajewski, C Wang, R Gehring, J F Coetzee
Ceftiofur (CEF) and flunixin meglumine (FLU) are two drugs approved for use in beef and dairy cattle that are frequently used in combination for many diseases. These two drugs are the most commonly used drugs in dairy cattle in their respective drug classes. Two research groups have recently published manuscripts demonstrating altered pharmacokinetics of FLU and CEF in cows affected with naturally occurring mastitis. The objective of this study was to determine whether pharmacokinetics of flunixin meglumine administered intravenously or intramuscularly administered ceftiofur hydrochloride would be altered when co-administered versus individual administration to healthy dairy cattle...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720721/predictors-of-repeat-visits-to-hospital-psychiatric-emergency-departments-in-malaga-spain-and-in-lisbon-portugal
#13
Berta Moreno-Küstner, Ingeborg Warnke, Carlos Nordt, Gemma Fernandez, José Ramos, Pedro Paulino-Matos, Wulf Rössler, Graça Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the profile of people with mental disorders attending emergency departments (EDs) in two countries and to identify specific mental disorders associated with repeat emergency visits. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of 1 year of EDs data from two hospitals with psychiatric departments, one in Amadora/Sintra (Lisbon, Portugal, 2008) and the other in Malaga (Spain, 2009), were carried out. To determine which mental disorders were associated with repeat visits in each setting, negative binomial models were calculated...
July 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720348/safety-evaluation-of-a-novel-muramidase-for-feed-application
#14
J Lichtenberg, E Perez Calvo, K Madsen, T Østergaard Lund, F Kramer Birkved, S van Cauwenberghe, M Mourier, L Wulf-Andersen, A J M Jansman, R Lopez-Ulibarri
Safety evaluation of a muramidase produced by a Trichoderma reesei strain (safe lineage), expressing a muramidase gene isolated from Acremonium alcalophilum is presented. Intended use in feed of this enzyme is as digestive aid in broiler chickens. Muramidase 007, was non-mutagenic and non-clastogenic in vitro, and no adverse effects were observed in 90-day subchronic toxicity studies in rats at doses up to 1132 mg TOS/kg body weight/day. The enzyme did not exhibit, in vitro, skin, nor eye irritation potential...
July 15, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709045/enhancing-performance-expectancies-through-visual-illusions-facilitates-motor-learning-in-children
#15
Moslem Bahmani, Gabriele Wulf, Farhad Ghadiri, Saeed Karimi, Rebecca Lewthwaite
In a recent study by Chauvel, Wulf, and Maquestiaux (2015), golf putting performance was found to be affected by the Ebbinghaus illusion. Specifically, adult participants demonstrated more effective learning when they practiced with a hole that was surrounded by small circles, making it look larger, than when the hole was surrounded by large circles, making it look smaller. The present study examined whether this learning advantage would generalize to children who are assumed to be less sensitive to the visual illusion...
July 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701287/effects-of-sex-pregnancy-and-season-on-insulin-secretion-and-carbohydrate-metabolism-in-horses
#16
Elisabeth Beythien, Manuela Wulf, Natascha Ille, Jörg Aurich, Christine Aurich
In pregnant mares, peripheral insulin antagonism channels glucose preferentially to the foetus. On the other hand, horses reduce their metabolic activity in winter. Taking these aspects of equine pregnancy and metabolism together, we hypothesized that glucose clearance from blood and the insulin response to glucose do not only change throughout gestation but also with season. To test this hypothesis, the glucose and insulin response to an oral glucose test and relative insulin release were analysed in pregnant mares (n=12) and in geldings (n=10) as controls...
July 6, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697044/to-the-editor
#17
Alain Bélanger, Wulf Utian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696202/animal-models-for-personalized-treatment-options
#18
Iduna Fichtner, Konrad Klinghammer, Diana Behrens, Susanne Flechsig, Jana Rolff, Michael Becker, Annika Wulf-Goldenberg, Maria Stecklum, Maria Rivera, Bernadette Brzezicha, Burkhard Jandrig, Jens Hoffmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689410/new-aromatic-compounds-from-the-fruiting-body-of-sparassis-crispa-wulf-and-their-inhibitory-activities-on-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-mrna-expression
#19
Sunghee Bang, Hee-Sung Chae, Changyeol Lee, Hyun Gyu Choi, Jiyoung Ryu, Wei Li, Hanna Lee, Gil-Saeng Jeong, Young-Won Chin, Sang Hee Shim
Successive chromatography of EtOAc-soluble extracts of the fruiting body of Sparassis crispa (Wulf.) resulted in isolation of four new aromatic compounds, sparoside A (1) and sparalides A-C (3-5), two new naturally occurring compounds, 2 and 6, and eight known compounds, 7-14. The chemical structures were determined by interpretation of nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry spectroscopic data. Extract, solvent-soluble fractions of the extract, and all of the pure compounds isolated from the fractions were subjected to the mRNA expression assay for proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682946/cerebral-alterations-following-experimental-multiple-trauma-and-hemorrhagic-shock
#20
Nina Vogt, Christiane Herden, Elke Roeb, Martin Roderfeld, Daphne Eschbach, Thorsten Steinfeldt, Hinnerk Wulf, Steffen Ruchholtz, Eberhard Uhl, Karsten Schöller
Multiple trauma (MT) associated with hemorrhagic shock (HS) might lead to cerebral hypoperfusion and brain damage. We investigated cerebral alterations using a new porcine MT/HS model without traumatic brain injury (TBI) and assessed the neuroprotective properties of mild therapeutic hypothermia. Male pigs underwent standardized MT with HS (45% or 50% loss of blood volume) and resuscitation after 90/120 minutes (T90/T120). In additional groups (TH90/TH120) mild hypothermia (33°C) was induced following resuscitation...
July 4, 2017: Shock
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