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Estudios Clínicos

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099119/el-an%C3%A3-lisis-molecular-de-la-secuencia-del-genoma-completo-de-aislados-cl%C3%A3-nicos-de-vibrio-cholerae-en-m%C3%A3-xico-en-2013-revela-la-presencia-de-la-cepa-causante-de-la-epidemia-de-hait%C3%A3-en-2010
#1
José Alberto Díaz-Quiñonez
La primera semana de septiembre de 2013, el Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica identificó dos casos de cólera en Ciudad de México. Los cultivos de ambas muestras se confirmaron como Vibrio cholerae serogrupo O1, serotipo Ogawa, biotipo El Tor. Los análisis iniciales por electroforesis por campos pulsados y por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa indicaron que ambas cepas eran similares, pero diferentes de las previamente reportadas en México. La semana siguiente se identificaron cuatro casos más en una comunidad del Estado de Hidalgo, ubicada a 121 kilómetros al noreste de Ciudad de México...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991280/platelet-rich-plasma-and-its-effect-in-bone-regeneration-in-mandibular-fractures-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Guadalupe Castillo-Cardiel, Víctor Manuel Medina-Quintana, Mario Lomelí-Enríquez, Fabiola Medrano-Muñoz, Celia Guerrero-Velázquez, Carmen Karina Contreras-López, Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Leire Irusteta-Jiménez, Luis Rodrigo Michel-Espinoza, Alejandro González-Ojeda
Background: Currently there is great interest in developing clinical applications of platelet-rich plasma to enhance bone repair. Aim: To assess bone regeneration in mandibular fractures, with the application of this adjuvant. Methods: Twenty patients with mandibular fractures were included in a randomized clinical trial. Patients of the experimental group (n = 10) were submitted to internal fracture reduction and administration of platelet-rich plasma, and patients of the control group (n = 10) were submitted to the same surgical procedure without plasma application...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991279/el-papel-del-%C3%A3-cido-gamma-aminobut%C3%A3-rico-en-la-depresi%C3%A3-n-de-la-mujer
#3
Mónica Flores-Ramos, Margus Salinas, Armando Carvajal-Lohr, Lorena Rodríguez-Bores
other: La depresión es un trastorno psiquiátrico frecuente e incapacitante. Es causada por diferentes factores, entre los que figura el aspecto neurobiológico. En el presente trabajo presentamos evidencias acerca del papel del ácido gamma-aminobutírico (GABA) en la etiopatogenia de la depresión, con énfasis en la mujer. Los estudios en animales fundamentan la implicación del GABA en la depresión, mientras que los estudios clínicos han demostrado que el GABA se encuentra disminuido en líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) y plasma en pacientes con depresión...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/estrategias-educativas-y-de-evaluaci%C3%A3-n-en-la-formaci%C3%A3-n-de-m%C3%A3-dicos-especialistas
#4
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Antecedentes: Las estrategias didácticas se han definido como procedimientos, medios o recursos que el docente utiliza para promover el aprendizaje significativo. Objetivo: Identificar las estrategias de enseñanza y de evaluación que utiliza el profesor con residentes en hospitales de tercer nivel de atención médica. Método: Estudio transversal, con profesores de diversas especialidades, en el Centro Médico Nacional La Raza. Se aplicó un cuestionario que valora las estrategias utilizadas en la enseñanza y la evaluación...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991271/diabetes-mellitus-and-optic-atrophy-study-of-the-wolfram-syndrome
#5
Bernardette Rivas-Gómez, Alfredo Adolfo Reza-Albarrán
Background: Wolfram syndrome (WS), also known by the acronym DIDMOAD, is a rare and progresive hereditary disease of autosomal recessive inheritance which minimum ascertainment diagnostic criteria are the occurrence together of diabetes mellitus and optic atrophy before 15 years of age. Objective: To describe the clinical, biochemical and molecular profile of WS in a tertiary care hospital in Mexico. Materials and Methods: We reviewed patients records who fulfill the minimum ascertainment diagnostic criteria of WS presenting between January 1987 and May 2015 in a tertiary care hospital in Mexico...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902932/non-pharmacological-interventions-to-promote-the-sleep-of-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#6
Fernanda de Souza Machado, Regina Claudia da Silva Souza, Vanessa Brito Poveda, Ana Lucia Siqueira Costa
Objective: to analyze evidence available in the literature concerning non-pharmacological interventions that are effective to treat altered sleep patterns among patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Method: systematic review conducted in the National Library of Medicine-National Institutes of Health, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Scopus, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PsycINFO databases, and also grey literature...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902324/influence-of-sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#7
Lara Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Pereira, Cláudia Chaves
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the quality of life of Portuguese patients with schizophrenia and linking it to sociodemographic and clinical aspects. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study carried out with individuals affected by schizophrenia, living in the entire continental territory of Portugal, through application of a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the Quality of Life Scale short version (QLS7PT). Parametric and non-parametric tests were performed to evaluate the correlation between variables...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793124/construction-and-validation-of-nursing-diagnoses-for-people-in-palliative-care
#8
Rudval Souza da Silva, Álvaro Pereira, Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega, Fernanda Carneiro Mussi
Objective: to construct and validate nursing diagnoses for people in palliative care based on the Dignity-Conserving Care Model and the International Classification for Nursing Practice. Method: a two-stage methodological study: 1) construction of the database of clinically and culturally relevant terms for the nursing care for people in palliative care and 2) construction of nursing diagnoses from the database of terms, based on the guidelines of the International Council of Nurses...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699993/quality-of-life-of-patients-using-intermittent-urinary-catheterization
#9
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Fernando Manuel Dias Henriques, Leonardo Orlandin
Objectives: measure and compare the quality of life of neurogenic bladder patients using intermittent urinary catheterization who were going through rehabilitation in Brazil and Portugal. Method: multicenter, quantitative, cross-sectional, observational-analytic and correlational study executed in Brazil and Portugal. Two data collection tools were used, being one questionnaire with sociodemographic and clinical data and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-bref...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614431/factors-associated-with-the-risk-of-fall-in-adults-in-the-postoperative-period-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Luciana Regina Ferreira da Mata, Cissa Azevedo, Aryanne Gabrielle Policarpo, Juliano Teixeira Moraes
Objective: to assess the factors associated with the risk of fall in patients undergoing surgical procedures. Method: quantitative and cross-sectional study carried out with 257 adult patients in a hospital in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data were collected using the sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, the Morse Fall Scale, and the Quality of Recovery Score. Data were submitted to descriptive statistical analysis and multinomial logistic regression...
June 8, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591300/risk-factors-for-unstable-blood-glucose-level-integrative-review-of-the-risk-factors-related-to-the-nursing-diagnosis
#11
Andressa Magalhães Teixeira, Rosangela Tsukamoto, Camila Takáo Lopes, Rita de Cassia Gengo E Silva
Objective: to identify evidence in the literature on the possible risk factors for the risk of unstable blood glucose diagnosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to compare them with the risk factors described by NANDA International. Method: an integrative literature review guided by the question: what are the risk factors for unstable blood glucose level in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Primary studies were included whose outcomes were variations in glycemic levels, published in English, Portuguese or Spanish, in PubMed or CINAHL between 2010 and 2015...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591296/spatial-distribution-of-tuberculosis-in-a-municipality-in-the-interior-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-2008-2013
#12
Alcione Pereira Biffi Fusco, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio, Mellina Yamamura, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Amanda Alessandra Dos Reis, Tatiana Ferraz de Araújo Alecrim, Simone Teresinha Protti
Objective: to describe the epidemiological clinical profile of tuberculosis and analyze the spatial distribution of cases in a municipality in the state of São Paulo. Method: descriptive and ecological study of cases of tuberculosis through the records in an information system. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate central tendency (mean) and chi-square test, with Yates correction or Fisher exact test, when necessary. The Kernel technique was also used to calculate the occurrence densities of tuberculosis cases, using a radius of 1000 meters...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562741/self-efficacy-scale-for-the-establishment-of-good-relationships-with-families-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-hospital-settings
#13
Andréia Cascaes Cruz, Margareth Angelo, Bernardo Pereira Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Self-efficacy Scale for the Establishment of Good Relationships with Families in Neonatal and Pediatric Hospital Settings. METHOD: Methodological study grounded on self-efficacy theory was conducted in three phases: conceptual and operational definition (review of the literature and interviews with the target population), content validity (opinion of five experts e three clinical nurses), and exploratory factor analysis and internal consistency reliability (cross-sectional survey with a valid sample of 194 nurses)...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444828/labeling-and-defining-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-critical-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Catherine Broomfield, Kristin Stedal, Stephen Touyz, Paul Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: With anorexia nervosa (AN) having various presentations, attention has been directed towards particularly durable forms of the condition in both research and clinical contexts. A major hindrance in terms of advancing the field is the inconsistent labeling and defining of this subgroup. This has two implications; first, the inconsistent recruitment of participants when researching this sample, and second, the misdiagnosing of patients who may or may not have a durable course of the disease...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421807/the-antioxidants-in-the-process-of-ocular-pathology
#15
Ana Fernández-Araque, Andrea Giaquinta Aranda, Consuelo Laudo Pardo, Abel Rojo Aragüés
Introduction: The influence of antioxidants on ocular processes has taken on a significant importance in recent years for its effects on visual health. Oxidative stress is a factor involved in the development of major pathologies such as cataracts, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Objective: To establish the scientific evidence that exists about the different types of antioxidants and their effects on ocular pathological processes through a systematic review. Methods: Literature search in MEDLINE, Scielo and Cochrane for studies evaluating the use of antioxidants in the prevention and/or treatment of eye diseases...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421789/how-does-coconut-oil-affect-cognitive-performance-in-alzheimer-patients
#16
José Enrique De la Rubia Ortí, Carmen Sánchez Álvarez, Pablo Selvi Sabater, Alma María Bueno Cayo, Sandra Sancho Castillo, Mariano Julián Rochina, Iván Hu Yang
Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most prevalent neurodegenerative dementia in developed world. This fact, coupled with the lack cure, makes new no pharmacological therapeutic strategies such as nutrient management to investigate. In this regard, it stresses the possible influence of coconut oil as alternative energy source capable of stopping the progressively neuronal death that occurs in this disease. Objectives: To assess the cognitive impact of coconut oil in Alzheimer’s patients, and specifically in orientation, language-building, fixing, calculation-concentration and memory areas...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403335/auriculotherapy-to-reduce-anxiety-and-pain-in-nursing-professionals-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Leonice Fumiko Sato Kurebayashi, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Talita Pavarini Borges de Souza, Carolina Felicio Marques, Renata Tavares Franco Rodrigues, Karen Charlesworth
Objectives: to evaluate the effectiveness of the auricular protocol (APPA) in reducing pain and anxiety and improving the quality of life of the nursing staff of a hospital. Method: randomized clinical trial with an initial sample of 180 professionals divided into 4 groups Control (G1), Seed (G2), Needle (G3) and Tape (G4). The evaluation instruments were the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Pain Visual Analog Scale and Quality of Life instrument, applied at the start and after five and 10 sessions (five weeks)...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301035/comparison-among-the-efficacy-of-interventions-for-the-return-rate-to-receive-the-pap-test-report-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro, Ana Izabel Oliveira Nicolau, Thaís Marques Lima, Denise de Fátima Fernandes Barbosa
Objective: to test the effects of a behavioral, an educative and a comparative intervention on women's adherence to the return appointment to receive the pap test report. Methods: randomized controlled clinical trial at a Primary Health Care Service, involving three groups: EG (educative session and test demonstration), BG (recall ribbon) and standard intervention (card containing the return appointment - graphical reminder), called comparative group here (CG). To select the sample, the following was established: having started sexual activity and undergoing the pap smear during the study, resulting in 775 women...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244794/clinical-utility-of-partially-hydrolyzed-guar-gum-review-of-evidence-and-experience
#19
Ana Cantón Blanco, M ª Teresa Fernández López, Gloria Lugo Rodríguez, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, Regina Palmeiro Carballeira, Francisco Pita Gutiérrez, Cristina Tejera Pérez
Introduction: Dietary fiber is an important component of human diet. Since each fiber type has specific metabolic and gastrointestinal function effects, in each specific pathology we will have to choose the optimum type of fiber, considering its chemical, physical and physiological properties. Objective:to put partially hydrolyzed guar gum in its place in the complex framework of dietary fiber, to review its physicochemical properties and possible mechanisms of action; as well as its potential usefulness in different clinical situations in adult patients...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244790/estimating-the-prevalence-of-phenotypes-in-patients-with-pulmonary-obstructive-disease-adepocle-study
#20
Ana Beatriz De Abajo Larriba, Enrique Méndez Rodríguez, Javier González-Gallego, Jessica Capón Álvarez, Ángel Díaz Rodríguez, Beatriz Peleteiro Cobo, Omar Mahmoud Atoui, Serafín De Abajo Olea, Víctor Lumbreras González, Juan Martínez de Mandojana Hernández
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) phenotypes in the province of Leon. Methods: Multicenter epidemiological cross-sectional study (30 health centers in the province of Leon). It included patients older than 35 years diagnosed and treated for COPD. Study variables: age, sex, habitat, anthropometric data, smoking, postbronchodilator spirometry, dyspnea (mMRC), exacerbations, severity (Bodex Index), hospitalization, treatment, monitoring and characterization of the phenotype (GesEOPC 2014)...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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