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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922715/pm2-5-components-and-outpatient-visits-for-asthma-a-time-stratified-case-crossover-study-in-a-suburban-area
#1
Chau-Ren Jung, Li-Hao Young, Hui-Tsung Hsu, Ming-Yeng Lin, Yu-Cheng Chen, Bing-Fang Hwang, Perng-Jy Tsai
The effects of fine particles (PM2.5) on asthma have been widely confirmed by epidemiological research studies. However, a limited number of studies have investigated the relationship between exposure to different PM2.5 components and asthma. We characterized the PM2.5 components in a suburban site of central Taiwan and conducted a time-stratified case-crossover study to elaborate the effects of daily concentration of each PM2.5 component on asthma outpatient visits. We retrieved asthma outpatient claims for individuals less than 20 years old with a residential address in the Shalu district, Taiwan, from the National Health Insurance Research Database during 2000-2010...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916962/effects-of-cholecystectomy-on-recurrent-biliary-complications-after-endoscopic-treatment-of-common-bile-duct-stone-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Chi-Tung Cheng, Chun-Nan Yeh, Kun-Chun Chiang, Ta-Sen Yeh, Kuan-Fu Chen, Shao-Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of cholecystectomy on mitigating recurrent biliary complications following endoscopic treatment of common bile duct stone. METHODS: We used the data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a population-based cohort study. Among 925 patients who received endoscopic treatment for choledocholithiasis at the first admission from 2005 to 2012, 422 received subsequent cholecystectomy and 503 had gallbladder (GB) left in situ...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916233/risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-insomnia-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Chia-Ling Lin, Ta-Chun Liu, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Wu-Chien Chien
Evidence is lacking regarding whether insomnia increases the risk of infectious disease. Accordingly, the present study examined the risk of pneumonia in patients with insomnia. This study was a population-based retrospective cohort study on a cohort of 8061 patients with insomnia and a control cohort of 16,112 patients (matched by age, sex, and year of diagnosis) from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the 2000-2010 period. Overall incidence of pneumonia was 50.6 per 1000 person-years in the insomnia cohort, which was significantly higher than that in the control cohort (30...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915698/risk-of-aortic-aneurysm-and-dissection-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Pei-Hsun Sung, Yao-Hsu Yang, Hsin-Ju Chiang, John Y Chiang, Chi-Jen Chen, Chien-Ting Liu, Cheuk-Man Yu, Hon-Kan Yip
Although cardiovascular complications are the most common cause of death in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the incidence and risk of aortic aneurysm and dissection (AAD) in ADPKD remains unclear due to limited data and insufficient cases. We utilized the data from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to do a population-based cohort study (1997-2008). After excluding those patients with age <18 years old and initially concomitant diagnoses of end-stage renal disease and AAD, a total of 2076 ADPKD patients were selected from 1,000,000 of general population...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912719/population-based-case-control-study-assessing-the-association-between-statins-use-and-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-taiwan
#5
Kuan-Fu Liao, Cheng-Li Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
Background and Objectives: Little evidence is available about the relationship between statins use and pulmonary tuberculosis in Taiwan. The aim of the study was to explore this issue. Methods: Using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program, we conducted a population-based case-control study to identify 8,236 subjects aged 20 years and older with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis from 2000 to 2013 as the cases. We randomly selected 8,236 sex-matched and age-matched subjects without pulmonary tuberculosis as the controls...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911662/pharmacokinetic-interactions-of-herbal-medicines-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis
#6
REVIEW
Tun-Pin Hsueh, Wan-Ling Lin, Tung-Hu Tsai
Chronic liver disease is a serious global health problem, and an increasing number of patients are seeking alternative medicines or complementary treatment. Herbal medicines account for 16.8% of patients with chronic liver disease who use complementary and alternative therapies. A survey of the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan reported that Long-Dan-Xie-Gan-Tang, Jia-Wei-Xia-Yao-San, and Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang (Sho-saiko-to) were the most frequent formula prescriptions for chronic hepatitis used by traditional Chinese medicine physicians...
April 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906354/the-influence-of-renal-dialysis-and-hip-fracture-sites-on-the-10-year-mortality-of-elderly-hip-fracture-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-observational-study
#7
Li-Wei Hung, Yi-Ting Hwang, Guey-Shiun Huang, Cheng-Chih Liang, Jinn Lin
Hip fractures in older people requiring dialysis are associated with high mortality. Our study primarily aimed to evaluate the specific burden of dialysis on the mortality rate following hip fracture. The secondary aim was to clarify the effect of the fracture site on mortality. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database to analyze nationwide health data regarding dialysis and non-dialysis patients ≥65 years who sustained a first fragility-related hip fracture during the period from 2001 to 2005...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903447/locoregionally-recurrent-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-incidence-survival-prognostic-factors-and-treatment-outcomes
#8
Jer-Hwa Chang, Chia-Che Wu, Kevin Sheng-Po Yuan, Alexander T H Wu, Szu-Yuan Wu
PURPOSE: For locoregionally recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), appropriate therapeutic decisions remain unclear. We examined the treatment outcomes of a national cohort to determine suitable treatments for and prognostic factors in patients with locoregionally recurrent HNSCCs at different stages and sites. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data of >20-year-old patients with HNSCC at American Joint Committee on Cancer clinical stages I-IV without metastasis from Taiwan National Health Insurance and cancer registry databases...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899350/epidemiological-profile-and-obstetric-outcomes-of-patients-with-peripartum-congestive-heart-failure-in-taiwan-a-retrospective-nationwide-study
#9
Ying-Jen Chang, Chung-Han Ho, Jen-Yin Chen, Ming-Ping Wu, Chia-Hung Yu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chia-Ming Chen, Chin-Chen Chu
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the hyperdynamic physiology of circulation can exacerbate many cardiovascular disorders. Congestive heart failure (CHF) usually occurs during late pregnancy, which is significantly associated with a high level of maternal and neonatal morbidities and mortalities. The profile of women who develop peripartum CHF (PCHF) is unknown. We investigated the epidemiological profiles of PCHF. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, PCHF patients were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
September 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898259/association-between-retinal-vein-occlusion-and-an-increased-risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-nationwide-population-based-follow-up-study
#10
Yu-Yen Chen, Shwu-Jiuan Sheu, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Dachen Chu, Pesus Chou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible association between retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and an increased risk of developing acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: A population-based retrospective cohort study using the entire population of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from 1st January, 2001 to 31st December, 2013. METHODS: A total of 37921 subjects with RVO were enrolled in the RVO group, and 113763 subjects without RVO were enrolled in the comparison group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895425/predictors-of-subsequent-myocardial-infarction-stroke-and-death-in-stable-post-myocardial-infarction-patients-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#11
Dong-Yi Chen, Chen-Yu Li, Ming-Jer Hsieh, Chun-Chi Chen, I-Chang Hsieh, Tien-Hsing Chen, Shao-Wei Chen, Chao-Yung Wang, Shang-Hung Chang, Cheng-Hung Lee, Ming-Lung Tsai, Ming-Yun Ho, Jih-Kai Yeh, Chee-Jen Chang, Ming-Shien Wen
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the predictors of subsequent cardiovascular events in stable post-myocardial infarction patients in Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 11,183 patients were recruited who had survived one year post-myocardial infarction without subsequent events of recurrent myocardial infarction or stroke from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Their composite cardiovascular event rates were identified. RESULTS: The composite cardiovascular events rate in three year follow-up in the post-myocardial infarction population was 13...
September 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894360/the-evaluation-of-%C3%AE-adrenoceptor-blocking-agents-in-patients-with-copd-and-congestive-heart-failure-a-nationwide-study
#12
Kuang-Ming Liao, Tien-Yu Lin, Yaw-Bin Huang, Chen-Chun Kuo, Chung-Yu Chen
OBJECTIVE: β-Blockers are safe and improve survival in patients with both congestive heart failure (CHF) and COPD. However, the superiority of different types of β-blockers is still unclear among patients with CHF and COPD. The association between β-blockers and CHF exacerbation as well as COPD exacerbation remains unclear. The objective of this study was to compare the outcome of different β-blockers in patients with concurrent CHF and COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan to conduct a retrospective cohort study...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890525/cognitive-development-after-kawasaki-disease%C3%A3-clinical-study-and-validation-using-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort
#13
Liang-Jen Wang, Ho-Chang Kuo
BACKGROUND: This purpose of this study was to investigate whether Kawasaki disease (KD) increases the risk of cognitive impairment. In this clinical study, cognitive profiles were compared between KD patients, control subjects, and a nationwide population-based cohort to determine the potential correlation between KD and a subsequent diagnosis of an intellectual disability.Methods and Results:The clinical study consisted of 168 KD patients (mean age 5.6 years, 62.5% male) and 81 healthy controls (mean age 6...
September 9, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890037/the-association-between-scabies-and-myasthenia-gravis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Ren-Jun Hsu, Chien-Yu Lin, Fung-Wei Chang, Chun-Fa Huang, Heng-Chang Chuang, Jui-Ming Liu
Scabies is an infectious inflammatory pruritic skin disease. Cytokine-mediated inflammatory processes contribute to the pathologic mechanism in scabies. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is also an autoimmune disease that is mediated by cytokines. The study aimed to investigate the association between scabies and myasthenia gravis. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study utilized data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. Patients with scabies (n=5429) and control subjects without scabies (n=20,176) were enrolled...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888149/the-impact-of-alcohol-policies-on-alcohol-attributable-diseases-in-taiwan-a-population-based-study
#15
Yung-Hsiang Ying, Yung-Ching Weng, Koyin Chang
BACKGROUND: Taiwan has some of the strictest alcohol-related driving laws in the world. However, its laws continue to be toughened to reduce the ever-increasing social cost of alcohol-related harm. AIM: This study assumes that alcohol-related driving laws show a spillover effect such that behavioral changes originally meant to apply behind the wheel come to affect drinking behavior in other contexts. The effects of alcohol driving laws and taxes on alcohol-related morbidity are assessed; incidence rates of alcohol-attributable diseases (AAD) serve as our measure of morbidity...
September 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885353/association-of-congenital-anomalies-with-fracture-of-spine-trunk-and-upper-and-lower-limbs-among-young-people-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#16
Chia-Man Ma, Lih-Hwa Lin, Hsing-Yi Chang, Pei-Chi Chou, Po-Chi Liao, Huey-Yi Chen, Kee-Ming Man, Jen-Huai Chiang, Yin-Jen Chang, Ming-Yen Tsai, Wen-Chi Chen, Yung-Hsiang Chen
According to the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory, congenital anomalies are caused by kidney malfunctions, which decreased the bone quality, and may eventually result in bone fractures. This retrospective cohort study investigated the relationship between congenital anomalies and fracture of spine, trunk, and upper and lower limbs in young people. We utilized data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. This study included patients with congenital anomalies (International Classification of Diseases/ICD-9 code: 740-759) and a comparison group of patients without congenital anomalies...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885331/population-based-cohort-study-investigating-the-correlation-of-diabetes-mellitus-with-pleural-empyema-in-adults-in-taiwan
#17
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
We assessed the association between diabetes mellitus and the risk of pleural empyema in Taiwan.A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. There were 28,802 subjects aged 20 to 84 years who were newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus from 2000 to 2010 as the diabetes group and 114,916 randomly selected subjects without diabetes mellitus as the non-diabetes group. The diabetes group and the non-diabetes group were matched by sex, age, comorbidities, and the year of index date...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885328/use-of-thiazolidinediones-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-old-people-in-a-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#18
Hsien-Feng Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao, Ching-Mei Chang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
Little research is available on the association between use of thiazolidinediones and hip fracture in old people in Taiwan. We conducted a population-based case-control study to examine this issue.Using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program, we identified 603 type 2 diabetic subjects 65 years or older in age with newly diagnosed hip fracture in 2000 to 2013 as cases. We randomly selected 603 type 2 diabetic subjects 65 years or older without hip fracture as the controls. Both cases and controls were matched with sex, age, comorbidities, and index year of diagnosing hip fracture...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884784/the-association-between-the-use-of-zolpidem-and-the-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-among-older-people
#19
Hui-Ting Cheng, Fang-Ju Lin, Steven R Erickson, Jin-Liern Hong, Chung-Hsuen Wu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between zolpidem use and the risk of Alzheimer's disease among older people. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study using data from 2001 to 2011 from the National Health Insurance Research Database. SETTING: Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 6,922 patients aged 65 years or older enrolled from January 2002 to December 2004 (the enrollment period). INTERVENTION (EXPOSURE): Zolpidem users were identified as patients who used zolpidem during the enrollment period...
September 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884595/risk-of-osteoporosis-in-thyroid-cancer-patients-using-levothyroxine-a-population-based-study
#20
Shih-Yi Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Hsien-Te Chen, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of thyroid cancer patients using levothyroxine are largely undetermined. METHODS: The study population consisted of 9,398 patients newly diagnosed with thyroid cancer; their data was retrieved from a subset of the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan during the period of 1999-2011. In this nationwide retrospective cohort study, we compared the risk of osteoporosis among thyroid cancer patients with levothyroxine use, those without levothyroxine use, and propensity score-matched nonthyroid controls...
September 8, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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