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tinea corporis diabetes

Theodore Rosen, Sheila Fallon Friedlander, Leon Kircik, Matthew J Zirwas, Linda Stein Gold, Neal Bhatia, Aditya K Gupta
Onychomycosis is an often overlooked and/or undertreated disease. This may be in part due to an under appreciation among both physicians and patients of its impact on quality of life and the potential for significant complications, from tinea corporis and cruris, to bacterial superinfection. Some health care providers are unaware of the effective low-risk treatments currently available. Changing demographic characteristics such as the relative aging of the population; the increasing prevalence of diabetes and peripheral vascular disease, and widespread iatrogenic immunosuppression; and changes in lifestyle practices such as earlier and greater participation in sports, are likely to lead to an increased prevalence of onychomycosis in both adults and children...
March 2015: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Pietro Nenoff, Constanze Krüger, Gabriele Ginter-Hanselmayer, Hans-Jürgen Tietz
Dermatomycoses are caused most commonly by dermatophytes. The anthropophilic dermatophyte Trichophyton rubrum is still the most frequent causative agent worldwide. Keratinolytic enzymes, e.g. hydrolases and keratinases, are important virulence factors of T. rubrum. Recently, the cysteine dioxygenase was found as new virulence factor. Predisposing host factors play a similarly important role for the development of dermatophytosis of the skin and nails. Chronic venous insufficiency, diabetes mellitus, disorders of cellular immunity, and genetic predisposition should be considered as risk factors for onychomycosis...
March 2014: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Hamideh Herizchi Qadim, Farideh Golforoushan, Hamideh Azimi, Mohamad Goldust
Tinea or dermatophytoses are of skin superficial and fungous infections affecting keratinized tissues such as hair, nail, and superficial layer of epidermis. This study aimed at evaluating some predisposing factors for tinea corporis, because elimination or treatment of them not only ceases spreading of the lesion but also prevents reinfection. In this descriptive cross-sectional study patients who were visited in Sina Hospital in Tabriz and had confirmed tinea corporis with direct fungal smear were selected...
2013: Annals of Parasitology
Diptesh Gupta, Brian Hess, Lohith Bachegowda
We present a case of a 77-year-old, diabetic male with a 20-year history of a migratory erythematous, asymptomatic, generalized, nonscaly, and nonitchy rash that started over the dorsum of his left hand. On examination, there were multiple annular erythematous plaques, distributed symmetrically and diffusely over his torso and arms, with central clearing and no scales. A punch biopsy of the skin helped us to arrive at the diagnosis of a generalized granuloma annulare (GA). GA is a benign, self-limiting skin condition of unknown etiology that is often asymptomatic...
2010: TheScientificWorldJournal
S Bajracharya, S Pandey, Y L Shakya
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the disease pattern and drug prescribing pattern of the patients attending Kathmandu Medical College Health Center, Duwakot. METHODS: It is a cross sectional study conducted at Kathmandu Medical College (KMC) health Center, Duwakot during the month of Ashad to Mangshir, 2060. The sample size included was 292 patients attending the Health Center during this period. Prescription details were used as study tools to acquire information regarding patient's name, age, complaints for which consultation was sought, investigations, diagnosis, name of the drug which is prescribed and instruction for diet...
January 2004: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Shinichi Watanabe
Dermatomycoses are common diseases in dermatological clinics. An epidemiological survey in Japan revealed that dermatophytosis was the most prevalent cutaneous fungal infection (89.1%), followed by candidiasis (8.4%) and the Malassezia infections(2.4%). Among dermatophytoses, tinea pedis was the most frequent, then in decreasing order, tinea unguium, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea manuum, and tinea capitis including kerion. Among all dermatophyte infections, Trichophyton rubrum was the most frequently isolated...
December 2008: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Amar Surjushe, Ratnakar Kamath, Chetan Oberai, Dattatray Saple, Minal Thakre, Sujata Dharmshale, Aruna Gohil
BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis is one of the early manifestations of HIV infection with a prevalence of 15-40%. Multiple nail involvement, isolation of both common and rare species and resistance to treatment are the characteristics of onychomycosis in HIV. AIM: To study the epidemiology, clinical manifestations of onychomycosis in HIV-infected individuals and to identify the various causative fungi microbiologically. METHODS: A total of 250 HIV infected patients, diagnosed by ELISA, were screened for nail involvement; of which 60 patients i...
November 2007: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Florian Seyfarth, Mirjana Ziemer, Yvonne Gräser, Peter Elsner, Uta-Christina Hipler
From the epidemiological point of view, Trichophyton rubrum is the most important dermatophyte in the Western world. Mostly, the lesions of fungal infections of the skin are restricted and circumscribed. Immunodeficiency, diabetes or treatment with steroids, however, favour widespread disease involving the entire integument. In the present study, we describe a patient without immunodeficiency or diabetes presenting with widespread tinea corporis caused by T. rubrum. The fungal isolate showed atypical morphological features...
2007: Mycoses
Roberto Arenas
The dermatophytic infections are superficial mycoses common in Mexico, they have an estimated frequency of 5% in dermatological outpatients. In this review we present a global view of these mycoses as well as their etiological agents in tinea capitis, tinea pedis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris and onychomycosis and also uncommon infections such as tinea imbricata and epidermophytosis of the diaper area. We also analyze these infections in diabetic patients, healthy carriers and dermatophytic infections in pets and laboratory animals...
June 2002: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
L E Millikan
Superficial fungal infections or tinea infections (also known as the dermatophytoses) are commonly encountered conditions in clinical practice, affecting the skin, hair, and nails. The most commonly prescribed modality to treat these infections is topical antifungal therapy. However, this method of treating tinea infections may be less convenient and efficacious in the immunocompromised patient. In such patients, skin infections are more difficult to treat because the disease is often more extensive and severe...
July 2001: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
P Rich, K R Houpt, A LaMarca, K H Loven, T C Marbury, R Matheson, B Miller, S Smith, J Wolf
Cutaneous fungal infections in immunocompromised patients can be aggressive and difficult to treat. To determine the safety and efficacy of oral terbinafine for the treatment of tinea corporis or tinea cruris in subjects with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or diabetes, 2 prospective, randomized, open-label studies were conducted in general community and referral centers. HIV-positive (n = 6) and diabetic patients (n = 8) between the ages of 18 and 75 years diagnosed with either tinea corporis or tinea cruris, as confirmed by potassium hydroxide (KOH) wet mount microscopy, were randomized to receive either 1 or 2 weeks of the antifungal treatment...
July 2001: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
G Sentamilselvi, A Kamalam, K Ajithadas, C Janaki, A S Thambiah
Chronic dermatophytosis was observed in 2276 (10.02%) of 22,692 patients with dermatophytosis during a period of 5.5 years. Males were affected at least 3 times more frequently than females. The age group most commonly affected was between 20 and 40 years of age. Females were affected more between the ages of 30 to 40 years. Tinea cruris and tinea corporis were the most common clinical types and tinea pedis was the least common type observed. The most frequent isolate was Trichophyton rubrum followed by T. mentagrophytes and T...
1997: Mycopathologia
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