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Residential treatment for youth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439178/hispanic-residential-isolation-adhd-diagnosis-and-stimulant-treatment-among-medicaid-insured-youth
#1
Dinci Pennap, Mehmet Burcu, Daniel J Safer, Julie M Zito
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate a conceptual framework that assessed the effect of Hispanic residential isolation on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) health service utilization among 2.2 million publicly insured youth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Medicaid administrative claims data for ambulatory care services from a US Pacific state linked with US census data. PARTICIPANTS: Youth, aged 2-17 years, continuously enrolled in 2009...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#2
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367745/the-intersection-of-abandonment-hiv-positive-status-and-residential-care-for-a-group-of-perinatally-infected-adolescents
#3
REVIEW
Jeanette Schmid, Jenita Chiba
Although anti-retroviral treatments have significantly reduced the incidence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and AIDS, there remains, for the foreseeable future, a group of adolescents who have been perinatally infected. Noting the paucity of information regarding the impact of paediatric AIDS and its intersection with residential care, this paper investigates the lived realities of 20 South African adolescents who were vertically infected with HIV and AIDS, were abandoned, and have been raised in residential care...
March 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350242/comparison-of-psychopathological-symptoms-in-adolescents-who-experienced-sexual-violence-as-a-victim-and-or-as-a-perpetrator
#4
Jeannine Ohlert, Corinna Seidler, Thea Rau, Jörg Fegert, Marc Allroggen
Research on sexual violence victims and perpetrators indicates that victims in general are found to report higher levels of psychopathological symptoms, especially internalizing behavior, whereas perpetrators often show externalizing behavior. Little is known, however, about the psychopathology of perpetrators of sexual violence who have also experienced sexual victimization (victim-perpetrators). Thus, the aim of the current study was to examine this group within a sample of adolescents living in residential care or federal boarding schools...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349744/treatment-of-obesity-among-youth-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#5
Elizabeth Anne Bennett, Rachel Pearl Kolko, Lichun Chia, Jennifer Padden Elliott, Melissa Ann Kalarchian
Childhood obesity is a serious health issue, associated with medical comorbidity and psychosocial impairment that can persist into adulthood. In the United States, youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities are more likely to be obese than youth without disabilities. A large body of evidence supports the efficacy of family-based treatment of childhood obesity, including diet, physical activity, and behavior modification, but few interventions have been developed and evaluated specifically for this population...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282523/adolescent-community-reinforcement-approach-implementation-and-treatment-outcomes-for-youth-with-opioid-problem-use
#6
Mark D Godley, Lora L Passetti, Geetha A Subramaniam, Rodney R Funk, Jane Ellen Smith, Robert J Meyers
BACKGROUND: This paper compares adolescents with primary opioid problem use (OPU) to those with primary marijuana or alcohol problem use (MAPU) who received up to six months of Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (A-CRA), an empirically supported treatment. METHODS: Intake clinical characteristics, treatment implementation measures, and clinical outcomes of two substance problem groups (OPU and MAPU) were compared using data from 1712 adolescents receiving A-CRA treatment...
May 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276161/the-association-between-type-of-out-of-home-mental-health-treatment-and-juvenile-justice-recidivism-for-youth-with-trauma-exposure
#7
John Robst, Mary Armstrong, Norin Dollard
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health disorders and exposure to trauma among the juvenile justice population highlight the importance of understanding whether and how mental health services can help prevent further justice system involvement as well as provide treatment. AIMS: We had two principal questions: Is out-of-home mental health treatment after arrest associated with reduced recidivism among young people who have been exposed to trauma? Are particular types of out-of-home treatment associated with better outcomes? We hypothesised that type of residential setting would affect outcomes among those with histories of serious trauma...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178401/comprehensive-care-model-for-sex-trafficking-survivors
#8
Naomi M Twigg
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify aftercare services for domestic minor of sex trafficking (DMST) survivors provided by U.S. residential treatment centers. DESIGN: A qualitative research study was conducted with aftercare program personnel from five U.S. residential treatment centers for DMST survivors. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with staff from five different residential treatment centers providing services exclusively to domestic minor sex trafficking survivors...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913713/the-allocation-of-sexually-transgressive-juveniles-to-intensive-specialized-treatment-an-assessment-of-the-application-of-rnr-principles
#9
Ellis Ter Beek, Rachel E A van der Rijken, Chris H Z Kuiper, Jan Hendriks, Geert Jan J M Stams
The aim of this study was to compare results of and develop guidelines for mandatory allocation of sexually transgressive juveniles to Multisystemic Therapy - Problem Sexual Behavior (MST-PSB), Secure Youth Care (SYC), or Forensic Youth Care (FYC), based on the risk-need-responsivity model. Results of current allocation showed a population with relatively less treatment needs to receive community-based MST-PSB, compared with populations receiving residential SYC and FYC. Furthermore, estimated recidivism risk levels did not always support the need for risk reduction by the imposition of limitation of freedom of movement and maximum supervision, provided by all three treatment modalities...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903282/start-now-a-comprehensive-skills-training-programme-for-female-adolescents-with-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Linda Kersten, Martin Prätzlich, Sandra Mannstadt, Katharina Ackermann, Gregor Kohls, Helena Oldenhof, Daniel Saure, Katrin Krieger, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Arne Popma, Christine M Freitag, Robert L Trestman, Christina Stadler
BACKGROUND: In Europe, the number of females exhibiting oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) is growing. Many of these females live in youth welfare institutions. Consequently, there is a great need for evidence-based interventions within youth welfare settings. A recently developed approach targeting the specific needs of girls with ODD and CD in residential care is START NOW. The aim of this group-based behavioural skills training programme is to specifically enhance emotional regulation capacities to enable females with CD or ODD to appropriately deal with daily-life demands...
December 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864532/the-impact-of-types-and-extent-of-trauma-on-depressive-affect-among-male-juvenile-sexual-offenders
#11
Jennifer W Jencks, George S Leibowitz
High levels of depression have been found among incarcerated youth, which suggests that mental health problems are associated with delinquent behavior and are part of a constellation of risk factors that contribute to youth entering the juvenile justice system. In this project, we investigated trauma and mental health issues among male youth in residential treatment, and addressed the following questions: (a) Does childhood trauma predict current depression for male juvenile sexual offenders? (b) If so, do different types of traumas predict depressive affect better than others? and, (c) Does extent of trauma exposure predict depression? Data on incarcerated male juvenile sexual offenders were analyzed (n = 379)...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744071/is-disgust-proneness-sensitive-to-treatment-for-ocd-among-youth-examination-of-diagnostic-specificity-and-symptom-correlates
#12
Kelly A Knowles, Megan A Viar-Paxton, Bradley C Riemann, David M Jacobi, Bunmi O Olatunji
Although disgust proneness has been implicated in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), there is a paucity of research examining change in disgust proneness during treatment as well as the correlates of such change, especially in children. This study examined the relationship between changes in disgust proneness and disorder-specific symptoms during residential treatment among youth with OCD, anxiety, and mood disorders. Youth ages 12-18 (n=472) completed pre- and post-outcome measures of OCD, anxiety, and mood symptoms and disgust proneness...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715368/improving-social-functioning-and-challenging-behaviors-in-adolescents-with-asd-and-significant-id-a-randomized-pilot-feasibility-trial-of-reciprocal-imitation-training-in-a-residential-setting
#13
Brooke Ingersoll, Natalie Berger, Danielle Carlsen, Theresa Hamlin
There is a lack of effective social interventions for youths with ASD and co-morbid intellectual disability (ID). A previous single-case design study indicated that reciprocal imitation training (RIT) may improve social interaction and challenging behavior in this population. The current pilot study examined the feasibility of conducting an RCT to investigate the effectiveness of RIT for improving social functioning and challenging behaviors in 20 adolescents with ASD and severe ID in a residential program...
May 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692184/smoking-cessation-and-adolescent-treatment-response-with-comorbid-adhd
#14
Maria E Pagano, Christina M Delos-Reyes, Sherry Wasilow, Kathleen M Svala, Steven P Kurtz
Minors entering treatment for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders tend to smoke at high rates, and many have comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Clear-air laws force patients to refrain from smoking on the premises of AOD treatment facilities, which may hinder the progress of treatment-seeking populations who smoke and struggle with ADHD comorbidity in particular. This study explores clinical characteristics associated with smoking among youths presenting for residential treatment, clinical characteristics associated with smoking cessation, and the impact of smoking cessation with ADHD comorbidity on AOD treatment response...
November 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665279/racial-ethnic-disproportionality-in-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-treatment-in-a-sample-of-serious-juvenile-offenders
#15
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff, Alex R Piquero, Mark A Greenwald, Nathan Epps
Psychiatric disorder prevalence has been shown demonstrably higher among justice-involved adolescents than youth in the general population. Yet, among arrested juveniles, little is known regarding racial/ethnic differences in disorder prevalence, the role of trauma exposure in the diagnosis of behavioral disorders, or subsequent psychiatric treatment provided to adolescents with such diagnoses. The current study examines racial/ethnic disparity in psychiatric diagnoses and treatment of behavioral disorders associated with delinquency, controlling for traumatic experiences, behavioral indicators, and prior offending among serious juvenile offenders...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600167/optimizing-life-success-through-residential-immersive-life-skills-programs-for-youth-with-disabilities-study-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-prospective-comparative-cohort-study
#16
Amy C McPherson, Gillian King, Alanna Rudzik, Shauna Kingsnorth, Jan Willem Gorter
BACKGROUND: Young people with disabilities often lag behind their typically developing peers in the achievement of adult roles, which has been attributed to a lack of opportunities to develop critical life skills. Residential Immersive Life Skills (RILS) programs provide situated learning opportunities to develop life skills alongside peers and away from home in real-world settings. Retrospective research suggests that attending RILS programs is a transformative experience that empowers youth, provides parental hope, and increases service provider expertise...
September 6, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579908/reducing-mental-health-emergency-services-for-children-served-through-california-s-full-service-partnerships
#17
Katharan D Cordell, Lonnie R Snowden
BACKGROUND: Children's Full Service Partnerships (FSP), created through California's Mental Health Services Act of 2004 are comprehensive treatment and support programs incorporating a wraparound model designed to serve undertreated families with children who have a serious emotional disturbance and are at risk for suicide, violence, residential instability, criminal justice involvement, or involuntary hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether FSP programs resulted in reduced crisis-related mental health emergency services (MHES) for the children they served...
March 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492935/support-for-offering-sexual-health-services-through-school-based-health-clinics
#18
Michele Johnson Moore, Elissa Barr, Kristina Wilson, Stacey Griner
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies document support for sexuality education in the schools. However, there is a dearth of research assessing support for sexual health services offered through school-based health clinics (SBHCs). The purpose of this study was to assess voter support for offering 3 sexual health services (STI/HIV testing, STI/HIV treatment, condom distribution) through SBHCs. METHODS: The survey was developed after review of existing surveys on support for sexuality education and sexual health services...
September 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391037/treatment-outcome-of-adolescent-inpatients-with-early-onset-and-adolescent-onset-disruptive-behavior
#19
Sjoukje Berdina Beike de Boer, Albert Eduard Boon, Fop Verheij, Marianne Catharina Henriëtte Donker, Robert Vermeiren
OBJECTIVE: Unlike adolescents with adolescent-onset (AO) disruptive behavior, adolescents with early-onset (EO) disruptive behavior may not benefit from treatment. METHOD: Using Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R) ratings at admission and discharge of adolescent inpatients with EO (n = 85) and AO (n = 60) disruptive behavior treatment outcome was determined by (a) a change in mean scores and (b) the Reliable Change Index. For a subgroup, ratings on the Satisfaction Questionnaire Residential Youth Care for Parents (n = 83) were used to verify the treatment outcome...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390510/who-goes-where-exploring-factors-related-to-placement-among-group-homes
#20
Elizabeth M Z Farmer, H Ryan Wagner, Barbara J Burns, Maureen Murray
Despite their widespread use as a placement option for youth with mental health problems, there is relatively little research on group homes for youth. Available data highlight concerns with practices and treatment within group homes and mixed results on youth-level outcomes. However, existing research appears to collapse a wide range of group residential settings into a single amorphous category. This article explores potential variations among group homes to examine whether different programs are systematically serving different types of youth...
March 2016: Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
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