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Residential treatment for youth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096710/putting-research-in-place-an-innovative-approach-to-providing-contextualized-evidence-synthesis-for-decision-makers
#1
Stephen Bornstein, Rochelle Baker, Pablo Navarro, Sarah Mackey, David Speed, Melissa Sullivan
BACKGROUND: The Contextualized Health Research Synthesis Program (CHRSP), developed in 2007 by the Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research, produces contextualized knowledge syntheses for health-system decision makers. The program provides timely, relevant, and easy-to-understand scientific evidence; optimizes evidence uptake; and, most importantly, attunes research questions and evidence to the specific context in which knowledge users must apply the findings. METHODS: As an integrated knowledge translation (KT) method, CHRSP: Involves intensive partnerships with senior healthcare decision makers who propose priority research topics and participate on research teams; Considers local context both in framing the research question and in reporting the findings; Makes economical use of resources by utilizing a limited number of staff; Uses a combination of external and local experts; and Works quickly by synthesizing high-level systematic review evidence rather than primary studies...
November 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047184/meeting-the-support-needs-of-persons-with-mild-intellectual-disability-or-borderline-intellectual-functioning-still-a-long-way-to-go
#2
P J G Nouwens, N B M Smulders, P J C M Embregts, C van Nieuwenhuizen
BACKGROUND: Among persons with a mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning, differences in their characteristics imply that a differentiated approach is required to meet their needs. This retrospective study examined whether the history of support/treatment programs and the type of healthcare providers involved matched the specific support needs of persons with a mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning. METHOD: Five (previously identified) profiles of persons with a mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning were used to investigate to what extent the support needs of this group had been met...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020818/can-we-hasten-development-effects-of-treatment-on-psychosocial-maturity
#3
Christina L Riggs Romaine, Kathleen Kemp, Christy L Giallella, Naomi E S Goldstein, Jennifer Serico, Sharon Kelley
Research continues to highlight factors associated with developmental immaturity, including persistent delinquency. This article examines whether aspects of developmental immaturity, psychosocial maturity, and emotion regulation are responsive to therapeutic intervention. Fifty-seven female youth in secure residential juvenile justice facilities participated in a randomized controlled trial of the Juvenile Justice Anger Management (JJAM) Treatment for Girls, an intervention that targets skills relevant to psychosocial maturity, including problem-solving, coping, and emotion regulation...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956825/a-longitudinal-study-of-child-maltreatment-and-mental-health-predictors-of-admission-to-psychiatric-residential-treatment-facilities
#4
Roderick A Rose, Paul Lanier
The child welfare system is an access point for children's mental health services. Psychiatric residential treatment facilities (PRTFs) are the most restrictive, and most expensive setting for children to receive long-term care. Given the high rates of behavioral health concerns among maltreated children in out-of-home care, research is needed to examine the factors that predict entry in PRTFs among children investigated for maltreatment. This exploratory study used cross-sector administrative records linked across multiple systems, including child welfare records and Medicaid claims, from a single state over a five-year period (n = 105,982)...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863722/comparing-predictive-validity-of-jsorrat-ii-and-mega-%C3%A2-%C2%AA-with-sexually-abusive-youth-in-long-term-residential-custody
#5
Lucinda A Lee Rasmussen
This 6-year prospective study is the first to compare two psychometrically sound risk assessment tools for sexually abusive youth: JSORRAT-II and MEGA(♪). Cross-validated on representative samples of over 500 youth, these measures have cutoff scores, allowing for a more exact assessment of risk. Study sample consisted of 129 male adjudicated adolescents housed in a secured residential treatment facility for sexually abusive youth. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that MEGA(♪) Risk Scale was mildly predictive of sexual recidivism over a 6-year period (mean follow-up = 15...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853003/-preventive-human-rights-monitoring-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-welfare-institutions
#6
Ernst Berger, Caroline Paar
Since 1 July 2012 the Austrian Ombudsman Board (AOB) together with its six regional expert commissions form the so called "National Prevention Mechanism" implementing the UN Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT). The commissions are mandated to conduct regular, unrestricted and unannounced visits to all types of places in which there is or can be a deprivation or restriction of personal liberty, such as prisons, police stations, but also psychiatric hospitals or residential homes/groups for children and juveniles supervised by youth welfare services...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831820/juvenile-corrections-in-the-era-of-reform-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#7
Jub Sankofa, Alexandra Cox, Jamie J Fader, Michelle Inderbitzin, Laura S Abrams, Anne M Nurse
In this article, the authors synthesize knowledge from select qualitative studies examining rehabilitation-oriented juvenile residential corrections and aftercare programs. Using meta-synthesis methodology, the authors extracted and coded content from 10 research studies conducted by five authors across criminology, sociology, and social welfare disciplines. The total number of published works based on those studies analyzed was 18. Collectively, these studies offer insight into three major components of the juvenile correctional experience: therapeutic treatment and evidence-based practices, the shaping of identities and masculinities, and preparation for reentry...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693697/-therapeutic-residential-care-for-children-and-youth-a-consensus-statement-of-the-international-work-group-on-therapeutic-residential-care
#8
James K Whittaker, Lisa Holmes, Jorge F Del Valle, Frank Ainsworth, Tore Andreassen, James Anglin, Christopher Bellonci, David Berridge, Amaia Bravo, Cinzia Canali, Mark Courtney, Laurah Currey, Daniel Daly, Robbie Gilligan, Hans Grietens, Annemiek Harder, Martha Holden, Sigrid James, Andrew Kendrick, Erick Knorth, Mette Lausten, John Lyons, Eduardo Martin, Samantha McDermid, Patricia McNamara, Laura Palareti, Susan Ramsey, Kari Sisson, Richard Small, June Thoburn, Ronald Thompson, Anat Zeira
Therapeutic Residential Care for Children and Youth: A Consensus Statement of the International Work Group on Therapeutic Residential Care. In many developed countries around the world residential care interventions for children and adolescents have come under increasing scrutiny. Against this background an international summit was organised in England (spring 2016) with experts from 13 countries to reflect on therapeutic residential care (TRC). The following working definition of TRC was leading: “Therapeutic residential care involves the planful use of a purposefully constructed, multi-dimensional living environment designed to enhance or provide treatment, education, socialization, support, and protection to children and youth with identified mental health or behavioral needs in partnership with their families and in collaboration with a full spectrum of community based formal and informal helping resources”...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675456/implicit-identification-with-death-predicts-change-in-suicide-ideation-during-psychiatric-treatment-in-adolescents
#9
Catherine R Glenn, Evan M Kleiman, Daniel D L Coppersmith, Angela C Santee, Erika C Esposito, Christine B Cha, Matthew K Nock, Randy P Auerbach
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are major public health concerns in youth. Unfortunately, knowledge of reliable predictors of suicide risk in adolescents is limited. Promising research using a death stimuli version of the Implicit Association Test (Death IAT) indicates that stronger identification with death differs between adults with and without a history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and uniquely predicts suicide ideation and behavior. However, research in adolescents is lacking and existing findings have been mixed...
December 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639829/increasing-quiet-compliance-by-detained-male-adolescents
#10
Kristen M Brogan, John T Rapp, Amanda M Niedfeld, Jodi C Coon, Jan L Everhart Newman, Barry R Burkhart
Some adjudicated adolescents receive treatment for their offenses in residential facilities. Detained adolescents' engagement in either low levels of compliant behavior or excess behavior (e.g., swearing, gestures) while following commands from residential personnel may result in decreased opportunities for those youth to access preferred activities. The current study employed nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants designs to evaluate the effects of a procedure to increase seven detained adolescents' quiet compliance with academic and vocational demands...
June 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471275/trait-mindfulness-and-progression-to-injection-use-in-youth-with-opioid-addiction
#12
J Deanna Wilson, Hoa Vo, Pamela Matson, Hoover Adger, Gabriela Barnett, Marc Fishman
BACKGROUND: Many youth initiate opioid misuse with prescription opioids and transition over time to more severe substance-using behaviors, including injection. Trait mindfulness is a potentially protective factor. OBJECTIVES: This is a cross-sectional study characterizing a sample of opioid-using youth by level of mindfulness and examines the potential effect modification of emotion regulation on the relationship between mindfulness and progression to injection opioid use...
May 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467231/smoking-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-foster-care-a-gender-based-analysis
#13
Svetlana Shpiegel, Steve Sussman, Scott E Sherman, Omar El Shahawy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescents in foster care are at high risk for cigarette smoking. However, it is not clear how their smoking behaviors vary by gender. The present study examined lifetime and current smoking among males and females, and explored gender-specific risk factors for engagement in smoking behaviors. METHOD: Data from the Multi Site Evaluation of Foster Youth Programs was used to evaluate patterns of smoking among adolescents aged 12-18 years (N = 1121; 489 males, 632 females)...
May 3, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439178/hispanic-residential-isolation-adhd-diagnosis-and-stimulant-treatment-among-medicaid-insured-youth
#14
Dinci Pennap, Mehmet Burcu, Daniel J Safer, Julie M Zito
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate a conceptual framework that assessed the effect of Hispanic residential isolation on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) health service utilization among 2.2 million publicly insured youth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Medicaid administrative claims data for ambulatory care services from a US Pacific state linked with US census data. PARTICIPANTS: Youth, aged 2-17 years, continuously enrolled in 2009...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#15
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367745/the-intersection-of-abandonment-hiv-positive-status-and-residential-care-for-a-group-of-perinatally-infected-adolescents
#16
REVIEW
Jeanette Schmid, Jenita Chiba
Although anti-retroviral treatments have significantly reduced the incidence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and AIDS, there remains, for the foreseeable future, a group of adolescents who have been perinatally infected. Noting the paucity of information regarding the impact of paediatric AIDS and its intersection with residential care, this paper investigates the lived realities of 20 South African adolescents who were vertically infected with HIV and AIDS, were abandoned, and have been raised in residential care...
March 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350242/comparison-of-psychopathological-symptoms-in-adolescents-who-experienced-sexual-violence-as-a-victim-and-or-as-a-perpetrator
#17
Jeannine Ohlert, Corinna Seidler, Thea Rau, Jörg Fegert, Marc Allroggen
Research on sexual violence victims and perpetrators indicates that victims in general are found to report higher levels of psychopathological symptoms, especially internalizing behavior, whereas perpetrators often show externalizing behavior. Little is known, however, about the psychopathology of perpetrators of sexual violence who have also experienced sexual victimization (victim-perpetrators). Thus, the aim of the current study was to examine this group within a sample of adolescents living in residential care or federal boarding schools...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349744/treatment-of-obesity-among-youth-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-an-emerging-role-for-telenursing
#18
Elizabeth Anne Bennett, Rachel Pearl Kolko, Lichun Chia, Jennifer Padden Elliott, Melissa Ann Kalarchian
Childhood obesity is a serious health issue, associated with medical comorbidity and psychosocial impairment that can persist into adulthood. In the United States, youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities are more likely to be obese than youth without disabilities. A large body of evidence supports the efficacy of family-based treatment of childhood obesity, including diet, physical activity, and behavior modification, but few interventions have been developed and evaluated specifically for this population...
August 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282523/adolescent-community-reinforcement-approach-implementation-and-treatment-outcomes-for-youth-with-opioid-problem-use
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mark D Godley, Lora L Passetti, Geetha A Subramaniam, Rodney R Funk, Jane Ellen Smith, Robert J Meyers
BACKGROUND: This paper compares adolescents with primary opioid problem use (OPU) to those with primary marijuana or alcohol problem use (MAPU) who received up to six months of Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (A-CRA), an empirically supported treatment. METHODS: Intake clinical characteristics, treatment implementation measures, and clinical outcomes of two substance problem groups (OPU and MAPU) were compared using data from 1712 adolescents receiving A-CRA treatment...
May 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276161/the-association-between-type-of-out-of-home-mental-health-treatment-and-juvenile-justice-recidivism-for-youth-with-trauma-exposure
#20
John Robst, Mary Armstrong, Norin Dollard
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health disorders and exposure to trauma among the juvenile justice population highlight the importance of understanding whether and how mental health services can help prevent further justice system involvement as well as provide treatment. AIMS: We had two principal questions: Is out-of-home mental health treatment after arrest associated with reduced recidivism among young people who have been exposed to trauma? Are particular types of out-of-home treatment associated with better outcomes? We hypothesised that type of residential setting would affect outcomes among those with histories of serious trauma...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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