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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437731/children-and-adolescents-facing-a-continuous-security-threat-aggressive-behavior-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#1
Orit Nuttman-Shwartz
There is extensive research evidence indicating that children and youth are the most vulnerable population for developing psychological symptoms relating to war and terror. Although studies have documented a wide range of detrimental emotional and behavioral effects of such exposure, much less is known about the effects of exposure to a continuous security threat for children and adolescents. Against this background, the current article examined the implications of continuous exposure to missile attacks among 1096 children and adolescents enrolled in public schools near the Israeli border with Gaza...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425724/factors-impacting-sense-of-community-among-adults-with-brain-injury
#2
Nicole Ditchman, Fong Chan, Christopher Haak, Amanda B Easton
PURPOSE: Despite increasing interest in examining community outcomes following disability, sense of community (SOC) has received relatively no attention in the rehabilitation literature. SOC refers to feelings of belonging and attachment one has for a community and is of particular relevance for people with brain injury who are at increased risk of social isolation. The aim of this study was to investigate factors contributing to SOC for individuals with brain injury. METHOD: Members from 2 brain injury associations (n = 98) participated in this survey-based study...
April 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420269/strengthening-social-ties-to-increase-confidence-and-self-esteem-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-youth
#3
Kim A Romijnders, J Michael Wilkerson, Rik Crutzen, Gerjo Kok, Jessica Bauldry, Sylvia M Lawler
Sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth too often live in nonsupportive environments. This study reports the influence of social support from primary and secondary social ties on confidence and self-esteem among participants in Hatch Youth, a drop-in group-level intervention for SGM youth. Each 3-hour Hatch Youth meeting consists of a social, educational, and youth-led support hour. Over 14 weeks, these meetings were randomly observed and individual interviews with participating youth ( n = 12) and staff and volunteers ( n = 12) were conducted; data underwent a content analysis...
May 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418116/-what-is-the-point-of-life-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-suicide-in-young-menwith-first-episode-psychosis
#4
Ruchika Gajwani, Michael Larkin, Chris Jackson
BACKGROUND: Lifetime risk of suicide in first-episode psychosis far exceeds the general population, with the risk of suicide persisting long after first presentation. There is strong evidence to suggest that women more frequently attempt suicide, while men are at a greater risk of completing suicide. First-hand experiential evidence is needed in order to better understand men's motives for, and struggles with, suicidality in early psychosis. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 7 participants...
April 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417952/investigating-the-molecular-mechanism-of-positive-and-negative-allosteric-modulators-in-the-calcium-sensing-receptor-dimer
#5
Stine Engesgaard Jacobsen, Ulrik Gether, Hans Bräuner-Osborne
Allosteric modulators that are targeting the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) hold great therapeutic potential, and elucidating the molecular basis for modulation would thus benefit the development of novel therapeutics. In the present study, we aimed at investigating the mechanism of allosteric modulation in CaSR by testing dimers carrying mutations in the allosteric site of one or both of the subunits. To ensure measurements on a well-defined dimer composition, we applied a trans-activation system in which only the specific heterodimer of two loss-of-function mutants responded to agonist...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401225/new-insights-into-the-molecular-mechanism-of-boletus-edulis-ribonucleic-acid-fraction-be3-concerning-antiproliferative-activity-on-human-colon-cancer-cells
#6
Marta Kinga Lemieszek, Miguel Ribeiro, Guilhermina Marques, Fernando Milheiro Nunes, Piotr Pożarowski, Wojciech Rzeski
One of the relatively new and promising strategies of cancer treatment is chemoprevention, which involves the use of natural or synthetic compounds to block, inhibit or reverse carcinogenesis. A valuable and still untapped source of chemopreventive compounds seems to be edible mushrooms belonging to higher Basidiomycetes. Boletus edulis biopolymers extracted with hot water and purified by anion-exchange chromatography showed antiproliferative activity in colon cancer cells, but only fraction BE3, mostly composed of ribonucleic acids, was able to inhibit DNA synthesis in HT-29 cells...
April 12, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400466/substance-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-patterns-motivations-impacts-and-intervention-development-need
#7
REVIEW
Adam Bourne, Peter Weatherburn
OBJECTIVES: In this narrative review we illustrate the patterns of substance use among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM), including comparisons with heterosexual populations, subgroup analyses and settings of substance use. We also consider explanations and motivations for substance use and the impact of use on sexual health as well as wider health and well-being. Finally, we consider the implications for the provision of MSM-tailored substance use and harm reduction services...
April 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398621/a-sense-of-belonging-how-connectedness-motivates-engagement-in-meaningful-activities-for-people-with-dementia
#8
Sanetta H J du du Toit, Margaret McGrath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398577/theatre-involvement-and-well-being-age-differences-and-lessons-from-long-time-subscribers
#9
Suzanne Meeks, Sarah Kelly Shryock, Russell J Vandenbroucke
Background and Objectives: Activities that provide positive emotions, meaningful social interaction, and psychological stimulation can bolster well-being throughout life. We tested a model of psychological benefit from, and age differences in, adult ticket buyers' involvement with a large regional theatre. Research Design and Methods: We sent online surveys to Actors Theatre of Louisville ticketbuyers, measuring involvement with the theatre, satisfaction/enjoyment, social engagement, flow, and sense of belonging while attending, and well-being...
April 8, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398158/community-influences-on-mormon-women-with-same-sex-sexuality
#10
Jeanna Jacobsen
The idea of community evokes a sense of belonging and connectedness with others. Community life can, however, be troublesome for those who are part of a community that rejects their sexual identity. This paper presents findings from a phenomenological study that involved in-depth interviews with 23 same-sex-attracted Mormon women. Themes emerged around community experience, including sub-themes related to influence of congregations and geographic location. In addition, themes of loss of community and the rebuilding of community were explored...
April 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396446/identification-of-a-cono-rfamide-from-the-venom-of-conus-textile-that-targets-asic3-and-enhances-muscle-pain
#11
Catharina Reimers, Cheng-Han Lee, Hubert Kalbacher, Yuemin Tian, Chih-Hsien Hung, Axel Schmidt, Lea Prokop, Silke Kauferstein, Dietrich Mebs, Chih-Cheng Chen, Stefan Gründer
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are proton-gated Na(+) channels that are expressed throughout the nervous system. ASICs have been implicated in several neuronal disorders, like ischemic stroke, neuronal inflammation, and pathological pain. Several toxins from venomous animals have been identified that target ASICs with high specificity and potency. These toxins are extremely useful in providing protein pharmacophores and to characterize function and structure of ASICs. Marine cone snails contain a high diversity of toxins in their venom such as conotoxins, which are short polypeptides stabilized by disulfide bonds, and conopeptides, which have no or only one disulfide bond...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373851/exploring-musical-activities-and-their-relationship-to-emotional-well-being-in-elderly-people-across-europe-a-study-protocol
#12
Jennifer Grau-Sánchez, Meabh Foley, Renata Hlavová, Ilkka Muukkonen, Olatz Ojinaga-Alfageme, Andrijana Radukic, Melanie Spindler, Bodil Hundevad
Music is a powerful, pleasurable stimulus that can induce positive feelings and can therefore be used for emotional self-regulation. Musical activities such as listening to music, playing an instrument, singing or dancing are also an important source for social contact, promoting interaction and the sense of belonging with others. Recent evidence has suggested that after retirement, other functions of music, such as self-conceptual processing related to autobiographical memories, become more salient. However, few studies have addressed the meaningfulness of music in the elderly...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369550/mind-the-gap-predicting-the-positive-mental-health-of-adult-sexual-minority-canadians
#13
Tracey Peter
The goal of the study is to investigate possible predictors of positive mental health, and whether they differ across sexual identity adult groups. Using data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health, multivariate analyses were conducted, including interaction terms, to assess the effects of sexual orientation on various mental illness, health-risk behaviors, and sociological indicators and their correlations with positive mental health. Substantial effect sizes were observed across all sexual identity groups for psychological distress, social provisions and sense of belonging in terms of their influence on positive mental health...
March 21, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369377/men-s-health-in-alternative-spaces-exploring-men-s-sheds-in-ireland
#14
Maya Lefkowich, Noel Richardson
Men often struggle to find or gain access to meaningful health services. Despite, or because of this trend, men are increasingly seeking out alternative sources of support for their wellbeing. Global health conversations and policies are calling for a greater awareness of men's heath issues, uptake of gender-sensitive strategies and integration of community and voluntary sectors. Men's Sheds, which are community and volunteer-run spaces for men, are increasing in popularity for men across Ireland. This study aimed to investigate men's experiences as members of Men's Sheds and the relationship between their involvement in the Shed and their wellbeing...
December 26, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364274/quorum-quenching-properties-of-actinobacteria-isolated-from-malaysian-tropical-soils
#15
Kavimalar Devaraj, Geok Yuan Annie Tan, Kok-Gan Chan
In this study, a total of 147 soil actinobacterial strains were screened for their ability to inhibit response of Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 to short chain N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) which is a quorum sensing molecule. Of these, three actinobacterial strains showed positive for violacein inhibition. We further tested these strains for the inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 quorum sensing-regulated phenotypes, namely, swarming and pyocyanin production. The three strains were found to inhibit at least one of the quorum sensing-regulated phenotypes of PAO1...
March 31, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361345/altered-structural-connectivity-of-pain-related-brain-network-in-burning-mouth-syndrome-investigation-by-graph-analysis-of-probabilistic-tractography
#16
Akihiko Wada, Takashi Shizukuishi, Junko Kikuta, Haruyasu Yamada, Yusuke Watanabe, Yoshiki Imamura, Takahiro Shinozaki, Ko Dezawa, Hiroki Haradome, Osamu Abe
PURPOSE: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic intraoral pain syndrome featuring idiopathic oral pain and burning discomfort despite clinically normal oral mucosa. The etiology of chronic pain syndrome is unclear, but preliminary neuroimaging research has suggested the alteration of volume, metabolism, blood flow, and diffusion at multiple brain regions. According to the neuromatrix theory of Melzack, pain sense is generated in the brain by the network of multiple pain-related brain regions...
March 30, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357693/arachis-hypogaea-l-produces-mimic-and-inhibitory-quorum-sensing-like-molecules
#17
F Nievas, L Vilchez, W Giordano, P Bogino
A wide variety of plant-associated soil bacteria (rhizobacteria) communicate with each other by quorum sensing (QS). Plants are able to detect and produce mimics and inhibitor molecules of the QS bacterial communicative process. Arachis hypogaea L. (peanut) establishes a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with rhizobia belonging to the genus Bradyrhizobium. These bacteria use a QS mechanism dependent on the synthesis of N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs). Given the relevance that plant-rhizobacteria interactions have at the ecological level, this work addresses the involvement of peanut in taking part in the QS mechanism...
March 29, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353489/sharing-a-personal-trainer-personal-and-social-benefits-of-individualized-small-group-training
#18
Heidi A Wayment, Rachel McDonald
We examined a novel personal fitness training program that combines personal training principles in a small group training environment. In a typical training session, exercisers warm-up together but receive individualized training for 50 minutes with 1-5 other adults who range in age, exercise experience, and goals for participation. Study participants were 98 regularly exercising adult members of a fitness studio in the southwestern United States (64 females; 32 males), aged 19-78 years (mean = 46.52 years; SD = 14...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349449/a-social-identity-approach-to-understanding-and-promoting-physical-activity
#19
Mark Stevens, Tim Rees, Pete Coffee, Niklas K Steffens, S Alexander Haslam, Remco Polman
Against the backdrop of a global physical inactivity crisis, attempts to both understand and positively influence physical activity behaviours are characterized by a focus on individual-level factors (e.g. cognitions, attitudes, motivation). We outline a new perspective, drawn from an emerging body of work exploring the applicability of social identity and self-categorization theories to domains of sport and health, from which to understand and address this pervasive problem. This social identity approach suggests that the groups to which people belong can be, and often are, incorporated into their sense of self and, through this, are powerful determinants of physical activity-related behaviour...
March 27, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349051/implementation-of-a-novel-structured-social-and-wellness-committee-in-a-surgical-residency-program-a-case-study
#20
Kathryn E Van Orden, Stephanie D Talutis, Joanna H Ng-Glazier, Aaron P Richman, Elliot C Pennington, Megan G Janeway, Douglas F Kauffman, Tracey A Dechert
This article provides a theoretical and practical rational for the implementation of an innovative and comprehensive social wellness program in a surgical residency program at a large safety net hospital on the East Coast of the United States. Using basic needs theory, we describe why it is particularly important for surgical residency programs to consider the residents sense of competence, autonomy, and belonging during residence. We describe how we have developed a comprehensive program to address our residents' (and residents' families) psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and belongingness...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
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