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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333646/examining-predictors-of-breakfast-skipping-and-breakfast-program-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#1
Katelyn M Godin, Karen A Patte, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Many Canadian schools offer breakfast programs; however, students' engagement in these programs is low, while breakfast skipping is highly prevalent among youth. This study examined whether the availability of breakfast programs supports adolescents' regular breakfast eating, and identified characteristics of breakfast skippers who are not using these programs. METHODS: Data from 30,771 secondary school students from Ontario and Alberta, Canada, participating in Year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study were used for descriptive and logistic regression analyses...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332172/spirituality-as-a-protective-health-asset-for-young-people-an-international-comparative-analysis-from-three-countries
#2
Fiona Brooks, Valerie Michaelson, Nathan King, Jo Inchley, William Pickett
OBJECTIVES: Spirituality has been proposed as a potential health asset a 'developmental engine' that works by fostering the search for connectedness, meaning and purpose. The aim is to examine to what extent spiritual health might be protective of young people's overall health and well-being. METHODS: In 2014, young people aged 11, 13, and 15 years in England, Scotland and Canada were surveyed as part of the HBSC study (n = 26,701). The perceived importance of spiritual health and domains (connections with self, others, nature, and the transcendent) was measured in these countries...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329534/a-large-scale-study-of-a-poultry-trading-network-in-bangladesh-implications-for-control-and-surveillance-of-avian-influenza-viruses
#3
N Moyen, G Ahmed, S Gupta, T Tenzin, R Khan, T Khan, N Debnath, M Yamage, D U Pfeiffer, G Fournie
BACKGROUND: Since its first report in 2007, avian influenza (AI) has been endemic in Bangladesh. While live poultry marketing is widespread throughout the country and known to influence AI dissemination and persistence, trading patterns have not been described. The aim of this study is to assess poultry trading practices and features of the poultry trading networks which could promote AI spread, and their potential implications for disease control and surveillance. Data on poultry trading practices was collected from 849 poultry traders during a cross-sectional survey in 138 live bird markets (LBMs) across 17 different districts of Bangladesh...
January 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329163/the-importance-of-parental-connectedness-and-relationships-with-healthcare-professionals-in-end-of-life-care-in-the-picu
#4
Jeannette L Falkenburg, Dick Tibboel, Ruard R Ganzevoort, Saskia J Gischler, Monique van Dijk
OBJECTIVES: Support from healthcare professionals in a PICU is highly valuable for parents of dying children. The way they care for the patients and their families affects the parents' initial mourning process. This study explores what interaction with hospital staff is meaningful to parents in existential distress when their child is dying in the PICU. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: Level 3 PICU in the Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, and the Netherlands...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328347/as-tall-as-my-peers-similarity-in-body-height-between-migrants-and-hosts
#5
Barry Bogin, Michael Hermanussen, Christiane Scheffler
Background: We define migrants as people who move from their place of birth to a new place of residence. Migration usually is directed by "Push-Pull" factors, for example to escape from poor living conditions or to find more prosperous socio-economic conditions. Migrant children tend to assimilate quickly, and soon perceive themselves as peers within their new social networks. Differences exist between growth of first generation and second generation migrants. Methods: We review body heights and height distributions of historic and modern migrant populations to test two hypotheses: 1) that migrant and adopted children coming from lower social status localities to higher status localities adjust their height growth toward the mean of the dominant recipient social network, and 2) social dominant colonial and military migrants display growth that significantly surpasses the median height of both the conquered population and the population of origin...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322511/discrimination-religious-and-cultural-factors-and-middle-eastern-arab-americans-psychological-distress
#6
Ayse S Ikizler, Dawn M Szymanski
OBJECTIVE(S): We investigated (1) the moderating role of religiosity in the link between religious affiliation and ethnic discrimination and (2) the moderating roles of religiosity, ethnic identity, and family connectedness in the relations between ethnic discrimination and psychological distress. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 122 (60% women, 40% men) Middle Eastern/Arab Americans (MEAAs), ranging in age from 18 to 82 years old, who completed an online survey...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315206/factors-associated-with-peer-victimization-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#7
Hui-Wen Huang, Jyu-Lin Chen, Ruey-Hsia Wang
BACKGROUND: Adolescents who have experienced peer victimization face a higher risk of negative health outcomes. However, little is known about the factors that are associated with peer victimization among adolescents in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the factors related to peer victimization among Taiwanese adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was employed. Three hundred seventy-seven adolescents aged 13-16 years from seven middle schools in southern Taiwan were recruited as participants...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305498/end-of-life-care-in-the-western-world-where-are-we-now-and-how-did-we-get-here
#8
REVIEW
Catherine Guilbeau
OBJECTIVES: Recent movements in end-of-life care emphasise community care for the dying; however, integrating community with medical care continues to be a work in progress. Historically tracing brain hemispheric dominance, Ian McGilchrist believes we are overemphasising functionality, domination and categorisation to the detriment of symbolism, empathy and connectedness with others. The aim of this historical review is to bring McGilchrist's sociobiological narrative into dialogue with the history and most recent trends in end-of-life care...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303048/body-mapping-as-a-youth-sexual-health-intervention-and-data-collection-tool
#9
Candice Lys, Dionne Gesink, Carol Strike, June Larkin
In this article, we describe and evaluate body mapping as (a) an arts-based activity within Fostering Open eXpression Among Youth (FOXY), an educational intervention targeting Northwest Territories (NWT) youth, and (b) a research data collection tool. Data included individual interviews with 41 female participants (aged 13-17 years) who attended FOXY body mapping workshops in six communities in 2013, field notes taken by the researcher during the workshops and interviews, and written reflections from seven FOXY facilitators on the body mapping process (from 2013 to 2016)...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294854/disclosing-gender-based-violence-during-health-care-visits-a-patient-centered-approach
#10
Jessica R Williams, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Valerie Halstead, Jacob Martinez, Laly Joseph
The purpose of this study was to better understand victims' perspectives regarding decisions to disclose gender-based violence, namely, intimate partner violence (IPV) and human trafficking, to health care providers and what outcomes matter to them when discussing these issues with their provider. Twenty-five participants from racially/ethnically diverse backgrounds were recruited from a family justice center located in the southeastern United States. Two fifths had experienced human trafficking, and the remaining had experienced IPV...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282487/temporal-ventriloquism-along-the-path-of-apparent-motion-speed-perception-under-different-spatial-grouping-principles
#11
Cansu Ogulmus, Merve Karacaoglu, Hulusi Kafaligonul
The coordination of intramodal perceptual grouping and crossmodal interactions plays a critical role in constructing coherent multisensory percepts. However, the basic principles underlying such coordinating mechanisms still remain unclear. By taking advantage of an illusion called temporal ventriloquism and its influences on perceived speed, we investigated how audiovisual interactions in time are modulated by the spatial grouping principles of vision. In our experiments, we manipulated the spatial grouping principles of proximity, uniform connectedness, and similarity/common fate in apparent motion displays...
December 28, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281800/-where-is-functional-decline-isolating-disordered-environments-and-the-onset-of-disability
#12
Markus H Schafer
The onset of disability is believed to undermine social connectedness and raise the risk of social isolation, yet spatial environments are seldom considered in this process. This study examines whether unruly home and neighborhood conditions intensify the association between disability onset and several dimensions of social connectedness. I incorporate longitudinal data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, which contains environmental evaluations conducted by trained observers ( N = 1,558)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281593/the-role-of-patient-provider-communication-in-engagement-and-re-engagement-in-hiv-treatment-in-bamako-mali-a-qualitative-study
#13
Emily A Hurley, Steven A Harvey, Peter J Winch, Mariam Keita, Debra L Roter, Seydou Doumbia, Nièlè H Diarra, Caitlin E Kennedy
Mounting evidence in sub-Saharan Africa suggests poor patient-provider communication (PPC) negatively impacts patient engagement (retention in care and adherence to medication) in antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs. In Bamako, Mali, where 36% of ART patients are lost to follow-up within 12 months of initiating treatment, we aimed to define features of positive PPC according to patient values and explore the mechanisms by which these features may sustain engagement and re-engagement according to patient and provider experiences...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280806/increasing-the-connectivity-and-autonomy-of-rns-with-low-risk-obstetric-patients
#14
Anne M Baron, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Susan L Stirn, Megan A Morris, Megan E Branda, Jonathan W Inselman, Dawn M Finnie, Christine A Baker
: Objective: RNs are adopting an ever-larger role in health care models designed to reduce costs, increase patient satisfaction, and improve patient outcomes. Most research exploring such models has focused on those involving physicians or advanced practice nurses rather than RNs. This study explored the perspectives of patients, RNs, and other providers regarding a new prenatal connected care model for low-risk patients aimed at reducing in-office visits and creating virtual patient-RN connections. METHODS: This qualitative evaluation was performed as part of a larger randomized controlled trial of the new care model...
January 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279875/enacted-stigma-mental-health-and-protective-factors-among-transgender-youth-in-canada
#15
Jaimie F Veale, Tracey Peter, Robb Travers, Elizabeth M Saewyc
Purpose: We aimed to assess the Minority Stress Model which proposes that the stress of experiencing stigma leads to adverse mental health outcomes, but social supports (e.g., school and family connectedness) will reduce this negative effect. Methods: We measured stigma-related experiences, social supports, and mental health (self-injury, suicide, depression, and anxiety) among a sample of 923 Canadian transgender 14- to 25-year-old adolescents and young adults using a bilingual online survey. Logistic regression models were conducted to analyze the relationship between these risk and protective factors and dichotomous mental health outcomes among two separate age groups, 14- to 18-year-old and 19- to 25-year-old participants...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277114/developing-a-falls-prevention-program-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-singapore-client-and-caregiver-perspectives
#16
Tianma Xu, Kate O'Loughlin, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Catherine Dean, Gerald Koh
PURPOSE: Drawing on the perspectives of stroke survivors, family members and domestic helpers, this study explores participants' experiences of self-perceived fall risk factors after stroke, common fall prevention strategies used, and challenges to community participation after a fall. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in Singapore with community-dwelling stroke survivors with a previous fall (n = 9), family caregivers (n = 4), and domestic helpers (n = 4) who have cared for a stroke survivor with a previous fall...
December 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261740/percolation-in-protein-sequence-space
#17
Patrick C F Buchholz, Silvia Fademrecht, Jürgen Pleiss
The currently known protein sequences are not distributed equally in sequence space, but cluster into families. Analyzing the cluster size distribution gives a glimpse of the large and unknown extant protein sequence space, which has been explored during evolution. For six protein superfamilies with different fold and function, the cluster size distributions followed a power law with slopes between 2.4 and 3.3, which represent upper limits to the cluster distribution of extant sequences. The power law distribution of cluster sizes is in accordance with percolation theory and strongly supports connectedness of extant sequence space...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249842/mapping-the-growing-discipline-of-dissemination-and-implementation-science-in-health
#18
Wynne E Norton, Alina Lungeanu, David A Chambers, Noshir Contractor
Background: The field of dissemination and implementation (D&I) research in health has grown considerably in the past decade. Despite the potential for advancing the science, limited research has focused on mapping the field. Methods: We administered an online survey to individuals in the D&I field to assess participants' demographics and expertise, as well as engagement with journals and conferences, publications, and grants. A combined roster-nomination method was used to collect data on participants' advice networks and collaboration networks; participants' motivations for choosing collaborators was also assessed...
September 2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246051/connectedness-percolation-of-hard-deformed-rods
#19
Tara Drwenski, Simone Dussi, Marjolein Dijkstra, René van Roij, Paul van der Schoot
Nanofiller particles, such as carbon nanotubes or metal wires, are used in functional polymer composites to make them conduct electricity. They are often not perfectly straight cylinders but may be tortuous or exhibit kinks. Therefore we investigate the effect of shape deformations of the rod-like nanofillers on the geometric percolation threshold of the dispersion. We do this by using connectedness percolation theory within a Parsons-Lee type of approximation, in combination with Monte Carlo integration for the average overlap volume in the isotropic fluid phase...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244211/individuation-in-relation-to-parents-as-a-predictor-of-career-goals-and-career-optimism-in-emerging-adults
#20
Melita Puklek Levpušček, Victoria Rauch, Luka Komidar
The aim of this study was to examine the associations of Slovenian emerging adults' individuation characteristics (in relation to mother and father) with career goals and career optimism. We were interested in contributions of age, gender, certainty of study choice, and individuation dimensions when predicting intrinsic/extrinsic career goals and career optimism. The participants provided self-reports on the Individuation Test for Emerging Adults, the Career Goals Scale and the Career Futures Inventory. The results showed that age did not relate to emerging adults' career goals; however, older students reported lower career optimism than their younger counterparts...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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