keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

connectedness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#1
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218869/child-behaviors-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-play-settings
#2
Megan MacDonald, Bridget Hatfield, Erica Twardzik
The hallmark characteristics of a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are deficits in social communicative skills and the use of repetitive and/or stereotyped behaviors. In addition, children with ASD experience known motor-skill delays. The purpose of this study was to examine salient child behaviors of young children with and without ASD in 2 distinctly different play settings: a traditional social-play-based setting and a motor-behavior-based play setting. Child behavior (engagement toward parent, negativity, and attention) and dyad characteristics (connectedness) were examined in 2 distinctly different play settings...
January 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215380/youth-adult-connectedness-a-key-protective-factor-for-adolescent-health
#3
Renee E Sieving, Annie-Laurie McRee, Barbara J McMorris, Rebecca J Shlafer, Amy L Gower, Hillary M Kapa, Kara J Beckman, Jennifer L Doty, Shari L Plowman, Michael D Resnick
Over the past 30 years, prevention science in the adolescent health field has moved from interventions focused on preventing single problem behaviors to efforts employing a dual approach, addressing risk factors that predict problems while simultaneously nurturing protective factors and promoting positive development. Through an examination of previous research and empirical case examples with vulnerable youth, this article considers the hypothesis that adolescents' sense of connectedness to caring adults acts as a protective factor against a range of risk behaviors...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206803/mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-oif-oef-national-guard-and-reserve-troops-with-and-without-dsm-diagnoses
#4
Jennifer M Primack, Brian Borsari, Madeline B Benz, Madhavi K Reddy, M Tracie Shea
Military service members have an increased risk of developing mental health (MH) problems following deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan, yet only a small percentage seek mental health treatment. The aim of the present study was to explore patterns of MH service utilization within the first 12 months following return from combat deployment. Participants were 169 service members who had returned from war-zone deployment in either Iraq or Afghanistan and had assessments covering a 12-month period following their homecoming...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198648/quality-of-life-among-senior-citizens-in-bhutan
#5
Nidup Dorji, Michael P Dunne, Charrlotte Seib, Sibnath Deb
This study explored associations between quality of life (QOL), spirituality, social integration, chronic diseases, and lifetime adversity among people aged 60 years and older in Bhutan. Adults aged 60 to 101 years (n = 337) completed face-to-face interviews. The main measure included the World Health Organization QOL questionnaire and Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire. The social relationships domain of QOL had the highest mean. Frequent back pain, memory decline, depression, mobility impairment, insomnia, and lung diseases were commonly reported and negatively related to QOL...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187053/factors-associated-with-peer-victimization-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#6
Hui-Wen Huang, Jyu-Lin Chen, Ruey-Hsia Wang
BACKGROUND: Adolescents who have experienced peer victimization face a higher risk of negative health outcomes. However, little is known about the factors that are associated with peer victimization among adolescents in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the factors related to peer victimization among Taiwanese adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was employed. Three hundred seventy-seven adolescents aged 13-16 years from seven middle schools in southern Taiwan were recruited as participants...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182444/a-network-approach-to-modeling-comorbid-internalizing-and-alcohol-use-disorders
#7
Justin J Anker, Miriam K Forbes, Zack W Almquist, Jeremiah S Menk, Paul Thuras, Amanda S Unruh, Matt G Kushner
Internalizing disorders co-occur with alcohol use disorder (AUD) at a rate that exceeds chance and compromise conventional AUD treatment. The "vicious cycle" model of comorbidity specifies drinking to cope (DTC) as a link between these disorders that, when not directly addressed, undermines the effectiveness of conventional treatments. Interventions based on this model have proven successful but there is no direct evidence for how and to what extent DTC contributes to the maintenance of comorbidity. In the present study, we used network analysis to depict associations between syndrome-specific groupings of internalizing symptoms, alcohol craving, and drinking behavior, as well as DTC and other extradiagnostic variables specified in the vicious cycle model (e...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177394/whole-genomic-prediction-of-growth-and-carcass-traits-in-a-chinese-quality-chicken-population
#8
Z Zhang, Z-Q Xu, Y-Y Luo, H-B Zhang, N Gao, J-L He, C-L Ji, D-X Zhang, J-Q Li, X-Q Zhang
By incorporating high-density markers into breeding value prediction models, the whole genomic prediction (WGP) method can effectively accelerate genetic improvement in livestock breeding. However, the performance of WGP varies across species and populations and is affected by the underlying genetic architecture. In particular, very little is known about the performance of WGP for many chicken breeds. Here we estimate the genetic parameters and evaluate the performance of WGP for 18 growth and carcass traits in a Chinese quality chicken population...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#9
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166284/nestedness-across-biological-scales
#10
Mauricio Cantor, Mathias M Pires, Flavia M D Marquitti, Rafael L G Raimundo, Esther Sebastián-González, Patricia P Coltri, S Ivan Perez, Diego R Barneche, Débora Y C Brandt, Kelly Nunes, Fábio G Daura-Jorge, Sergio R Floeter, Paulo R Guimarães
Biological networks pervade nature. They describe systems throughout all levels of biological organization, from molecules regulating metabolism to species interactions that shape ecosystem dynamics. The network thinking revealed recurrent organizational patterns in complex biological systems, such as the formation of semi-independent groups of connected elements (modularity) and non-random distributions of interactions among elements. Other structural patterns, such as nestedness, have been primarily assessed in ecological networks formed by two non-overlapping sets of elements; information on its occurrence on other levels of organization is lacking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165874/goal-setting-among-people-living-with-mental-illness-a-qualitative-analysis-of-recovery-camp
#11
Lorna Moxham, Ellie K Taylor, Christopher Patterson, Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Tim Heffernan, Susan Sumskis
People living with mental illness (consumers) often experience difficulty in achieving life goals, particularly those important for their recovery. An innovative approach to address consumers' goals for recovery can be found in the form of therapeutic recreation (TR) initiatives. Recovery Camp is a five-day TR program, bringing together people with a serious mental illness, undergraduate health students, and staff members. This paper aims to examine the types of goals set by consumers in the context of Recovery Camp, and to what extent the self-identified goals were attained...
February 6, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157364/anderson-transition-for-classical-transport-in-composite-materials
#12
N Benjamin Murphy, Elena Cherkaev, Kenneth M Golden
The Anderson transition in solids and optics is a wave phenomenon where disorder induces localization of the wave functions. We find here that the hallmarks of the Anderson transition are exhibited by classical transport at a percolation threshold-without wave interference or scattering effects. As long range order or connectedness develops, the eigenvalue statistics of a key random matrix governing transport cross over toward universal statistics of the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble, and the field eigenvectors delocalize...
January 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156589/coping-with-moderate-to-severe-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-cgvhd-among-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-hct-survivors-a-qualitative-analysis
#13
Areej El-Jawahri, Lara Traeger, Harry VanDusen, Yi-Bin Albert Chen, Jennifer S Temel, Jessica Driscoll
: 257 Background: HCT survivors with moderate to severe cGVHD experience substantial symptoms, which negatively impact their quality of life. However, data are lacking on how patients cope with their illness. We aimed to achieve a deeper understanding of patients' illness perception and how they cope with their cGVHD. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews with 14 HCT survivors with moderate to severe cGVHD as defined by NIH Consensus Criteria. We used a semi-structured interview guide to elicit patients' illness perception and coping strategies...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147459/a-multilevel-statewide-investigation-of-school-district-anti-bullying-policy-quality-and-student-bullying-involvement
#14
Amy L Gower, Molly Cousin, Iris W Borowsky
BACKGROUND: Although nearly all states in the United States require school districts to adopt anti-bullying policies, little research examines the effect of these policies on student bullying and health. Using a statewide sample, we investigated associations between the quality of school district anti-bullying policies and student bullying involvement and adjustment. METHODS: School district anti-bullying policies (N = 208) were coded for their quality based on established criteria...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131034/distinct-mechanisms-in-the-numerosity-processing-of-random-and-regular-dots
#15
Wei Liu, Zhi-Jun Zhang, Ya-Jun Zhao, Bing-Chen Li, Miao Wang
This study investigated the mechanisms of the numerosity coding of random and regular dot distribution patterns. Experiment 1 revealed that connectedness significantly affected the numerosity perception of randomly distributed dots, and two adjacent dots were considered to be one numeral unit when connected via lines. The connectedness effect was much weaker on the numerosity perception of regularly distributed dots in vertical or horizontal queues and was absent in the perception of dots in diagonal queues...
January 25, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129779/targeting-functional-fitness-hearing-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-hearing-loss-walk-talk-n-listen-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Justin Lambert, Rouzbeh Ghadry-Tavi, Kate Knuff, Marc Jutras, Jodi Siever, Paul Mick, Carolyn Roque, Gareth Jones, Jonathan Little, Harry Miller, Colin Van Bergen, Donna Kurtz, Mary Ann Murphy, Charlotte Ann Jones
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss (HL) is a disability associated with poorer health-related quality of life including an increased risk for loneliness, isolation, functional fitness declines, falls, hospitalization and premature mortality. The purpose of this pilot trial is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel intervention to reduce loneliness, improve functional fitness, social connectedness, hearing and health-related quality of life in older adults with HL. METHODS: This 10-week, single-blind, pilot randomized control trial (RCT) will include a convenience sample of ambulatory adults aged 65 years or older with self-reported HL...
January 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129099/first-and-second-year-gerontology-students-research-activities-heightened-connectedness-to-learning
#17
Elyse D'nn Lovell, Janna R Marjamaa, Natasha Gomez Shortnacy, Kara M Cevera, Anna J Rainville, Chelsi J Baker, Suzanne I Nalivka, Alison S Mendoza, Shayna D Lamping, Michelle Davis, Jessica R Thompson
The purpose of this study was to measure first and second year students' engagement as a result of a qualitative inquiry and field experiences with elders residing in an independent and assisted living retirement community. Undergraduate student-research and field experiences are often introduced toward the completion of undergraduate students' academics. The findings suggest discovery and further consideration to implement undergraduate research and field experiences at the beginning of students' academic experiences in gerontology...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113710/contour-completion-without-region-segmentation
#18
Yansheng Ming, Hongdong Li, Xuming He
Contour completion plays an important role in visual perception, where the goal is to group fragmented low-level edge elements into perceptually coherent and salient contours. Most existing methods for contour completion have focused on pixelwise detection accuracy. In contrast, fewer methods have addressed the global contour closure effect, despite of psychological evidences for its importance. This paper proposes a purely contour-based higher-order CRF model to achieve contour closure, through local connectedness approximation...
May 6, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111991/stigma-related-experiences-in-non-communicable-respiratory-diseases
#19
Shiho Rose, Christine Paul, Allison Boyes, Brian Kelly, Della Roach
The stigma of non-communicable respiratory diseases (NCRDs), whether perceived or otherwise, can be an important element of a patient's experience of his/her illness and a contributing factor to poor psychosocial, treatment and clinical outcomes. This systematic review examines the evidence regarding the associations between stigma-related experiences and patient outcomes, comparing findings across a range of common NCRDs. Electronic databases and manual searches were conducted to identify original quantitative research published to December 2015...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108642/the-potential-role-for-smartphones-among-older-adults-with-chronic-noncancer-pain-a-qualitative-study
#20
Joshua E Richardson, Jennifer I Lee, Anita Nirenberg, M Carrington Reid
: OBJECTIVE : To determine the role that smartphones may play in supporting older adults with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) in order to improve pain management in this expanding population. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  One academically affiliated primary care practice serving older adults with CNCP in New York City. SUBJECTS : Thirteen older adults (age 65-85 years) with CNCP on chronic opioid therapy, that is, continuous use of opioids for at least six months...
January 20, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
keyword
keyword
74261
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"