keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

connectedness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148301/provider-connectedness-to-other-providers-reduces-risk-of-readmission-after-hospitalization-for-heart-failure
#1
Alon Geva, Karen L Olson, Chunfu Liu, Kenneth D Mandl
Provider interactions other than explicit care coordination, which is challenging to measure, may influence practice and outcomes. We performed a network analysis using claims data from a commercial payor. Networks were identified based on provider pairs billing outpatient care for the same patient. We compared network variables among patients who had and did not have a 30-day readmission after hospitalization for heart failure. After adjusting for comorbidities, high median provider connectedness-normalized degree, which for each provider is the number of connections to other providers normalized to the number of providers in the region-was the network variable associated with reduced odds of readmission after heart failure hospitalization (odds ratio = 0...
July 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140502/social-worker-identity-a-profession-in-context
#2
Brad Forenza, Caitlin Eckert
Social work is a broad field encompassing micro, mezzo, and macro areas of practice. Consequently, the field lacks a unifying professional identity due to the expansiveness of the profession. Professional identity is conceptualized as an extension of social identity, vis-à-vis the embodiment of three qualities: connectedness, expansiveness, and effectiveness. This study used 12 in-depth, individual interviews with practicing social workers to explore these qualities. Findings from interviews reveal six primary themes and 21 subthemes pertaining to social worker identity...
November 13, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137529/disorderly-households-self-presentation-and-mortality-evidence-from-a-national-study-of-older-adults
#3
Markus H Schafer, Laura Upenieks, Andie MacNeil
This article examines whether disorderly household conditions and bodily self-presentation predict mortality, above and beyond four sets of variables conceptually linked to both death and disorder. Data come from 2005/2006 and 2010/2011 waves of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. We used naturalistic observation of respondents' homes and bodies, along with a diverse range of additional covariates, to predict probability of death. Older adults living in disorderly households were at highest risk of death over 5 years, primarily because they confronted high levels of frailty...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134438/a-concept-analysis-of-spiritual-health
#4
Akram Sadat Sadat Hoseini, Naghmeh Razaghi, Abdul Hosein Khosro Panah, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri
Spiritual health is an important dimension of health and forms part of a comprehensive care. This study was conducted to redefine and clarify the components of spiritual health based on different worldviews through Walker and Avant's concept analysis method. Being given a life and a soul and having beliefs are the antecedents of spiritual health. The attributes of this concept include a morality-oriented intellectual connectedness with the self, others, and the universe guided by a connection with the Transcendent and Superior being in order to create meaning in life and find its purpose in the context of culture and religion; transcendence is ultimately the consequence of spiritual heath...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134105/global-network-centrality-of-university-rankings
#5
Weisi Guo, Marco Del Vecchio, Ganna Pogrebna
Universities and higher education institutions form an integral part of the national infrastructure and prestige. As academic research benefits increasingly from international exchange and cooperation, many universities have increased investment in improving and enabling their global connectivity. Yet, the relationship of university performance and its global physical connectedness has not been explored in detail. We conduct, to our knowledge, the first large-scale data-driven analysis into whether there is a correlation between university relative ranking performance and its global connectivity via the air transport network...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126316/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-social-connectedness-and-mental-health-among-older-european-adults-a-share-based-analysis
#6
Ella Schwartz, Howard Litwin
Objectives: The current study aimed to understand the reciprocal relationship between social networks and mental health in old age. It explored the dynamic aspects of that relationship and assessed the influence of social networks on mental health, as well as a concurrent influence of mental health on change in social connectedness. Method: The data came from two measurement points in the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The analytic sample was composed of adults aged 65 years and above (N = 14,706)...
November 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115909/individual-premigration-and-postsettlement-factors-and-academic-achievement-in-adolescents-from-refugee-backgrounds-a-systematic-review-and-model
#7
Charissa W S Wong, Robert D Schweitzer
We have limited understanding of the precursors of academic achievement in resettled adolescents from refugee backgrounds. To date, no clear model has been developed to conceptualise the academic trajectories of adolescents from refugee backgrounds at postsettlement. The current review had two aims. First, to propose an integrated adaptive model to conceptualise the impact of individual, premigration, and postsettlement factors on academic achievement at postsettlement; and second, to critically examine the literature on factors that predict academic achievement in adolescents from refugee backgrounds in relation to the proposed model and highlight issues deserving future exploration...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114236/patterns-of-joint-improvisation-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Rachel-Shlomit Brezis, Lior Noy, Tali Alony, Rachel Gotlieb, Rachel Cohen, Yulia Golland, Nava Levit-Binnun
Recent research on autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) suggests that individuals with autism may have a basic deficit in synchronizing with others, and that this difficulty may lead to more complex social and communicative deficits. Here, we examined synchronization during an open-ended joint improvisation (JI) paradigm, called the mirror game (MG). In the MG, two players take turns leading, following, and jointly improvising motion using two handles set on parallel tracks, while their motion tracks are recorded with high temporal and spatial resolution...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113610/the-impact-of-a-visual-arts-program-on-quality-of-life-communication-and-well-being-of-people-living-with-dementia-a-mixed-methods-longitudinal-investigation
#9
Gill Windle, Karlijn J Joling, Teri Howson-Griffiths, Bob Woods, Catrin Hedd Jones, Peter M van de Ven, Andrew Newman, Clive Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Research reviews highlight methodological limitations and gaps in the evidence base for the arts in dementia care. In response, we developed a 12-week visual art program and evaluated the impact on people living with dementia through a mixed-methods longitudinal investigation. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five people living with mild to severe dementia were recruited across three research settings in England and Wales (residential care homes, a county hospital, and community venues)...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107461/vignettes-and-viewpoints-from-a-professional-autobiography
#10
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey M Lyness
In this professional autobiography, the author describes factors contributing to important decisions in his academic geriatric psychiatry career. Major inflection points included embarking on clinical research and later deciding to focus more on leadership roles in education and in faculty affairs. The discussion then examines themes that have emerged in reviewing this career arc, including the value of: the variety and social connectedness inherent in the academic life; cultivation of interpersonal relationships and best efforts as much as possible; an open mind ready to (collegially) seize new opportunities; and family, friends, and avocational pursuits as complements to one's profession...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105501/a-qualitative-study-of-the-processes-by-which-carers-of-people-with-dementia-derive-meaning-from-caring
#11
M G Cherry, J R Ablett, J M Dickson, D Powell, S Sikdar, P Salmon
BACKGROUND: Most individuals with dementia live in the community, receiving care from family or lay carers. Carers' wellbeing, and the quality of the care they provide, partly depends on their ability to derive meaning from caring for someone with dementia. Both carers' previous relationship with their relative and the caregiving process itself contribute to this sense of meaning. However, it remains unclear why some carers derive meaning from these sources, whereas others do not. OBJECTIVE: To further explore the processes by which carers derive a sense of meaning from caring...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104907/housing-mobility-and-adolescent-mental-health-the-role-of-substance-use-social-networks-and-family-mental-health-in-the-moving-to-opportunity-study
#12
Nicole M Schmidt, M Maria Glymour, Theresa L Osypuk
The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) experiment was a housing mobility program begun in the mid-nineties that relocated volunteer low income families from public housing to rental units in higher opportunity neighborhoods in 5 US cities, using the Section 8 affordable housing voucher program. Compared to the control group who stayed behind in public housing, the MTO voucher group exhibited a harmful main effect for boys' mental health, and a beneficial main effect for girls' mental health. But no studies have examined how this social experiment caused these puzzling, opposite gender effects...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104326/parents-adjustment-following-the-death-of-their-child-resilience-is-multidimensional-and-differs-across-outcomes-examined
#13
Frank J Infurna, Suniya S Luthar
We examine whether the previously reported commonness of resilience to significant adversity extends to parents' death of a child. To examine our research questions, we apply growth mixture models to longitudinal data from 461 parents in the HILDA study who had experienced child loss. The proportion of parents manifesting resilience were 44%, 56%, 21%, 32%, and 16% for life satisfaction, negative affect, positive affect, general health, and physical functioning, respectively. Only 5% were resilient across all five indices, whereas 28% did not show a resilient trajectory across all outcomes...
June 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094666/evaluation-of-the-potential-use-of-a-meta-population-for-genomic-selection-in-autochthonous-beef-cattle-populations
#14
E F Mouresan, J J Cañas-Álvarez, A González-Rodríguez, S Munilla, J Altarriba, C Díaz, J A Baró, A Molina, J Piedrafita, L Varona
This study investigated the potential application of genomic selection under a multi-breed scheme in the Spanish autochthonous beef cattle populations using a simulation study that replicates the structure of linkage disequilibrium obtained from a sample of 25 triplets of sire/dam/offspring per population and using the BovineHD Beadchip. Purebred and combined reference sets were used for the genomic evaluation and several scenarios of different genetic architecture of the trait were investigated. The single-breed evaluations yielded the highest within-breed accuracies...
November 2, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093036/digital-life-and-youth-well-being-social-connectedness-empathy-and-narcissism
#15
REVIEW
Carrie James, Katie Davis, Linda Charmaraman, Sara Konrath, Petr Slovak, Emily Weinstein, Lana Yarosh
Youth well-being, social connectedness, and personality traits, such as empathy and narcissism, are at the crux of concerns often raised about the impacts of digital life. Understanding known impacts, and research gaps, in these areas is an important first step toward supporting media use that contributes positively to youth's happiness, life satisfaction, and prosocial attitudes and behaviors. By examining existing work addressing these issues across domains, we found that a complex interplay of individual factors, type of digital media engagement, and experiences in media contexts informs outcomes related to well-being, social connectedness, empathy, and narcissism...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091780/social-connectedness-stressful-life-events-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-young-adults
#16
Natalia Macrynikola, Regina Miranda, Ariella Soffer
OBJECTIVES: Preventing self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) is particularly challenging on commuter campuses, given lower social cohesion and higher levels of stress than among traditional college populations. The present study examined the relationship between stressful life events (SLEs) and risk for different forms of SITBs, along with the potential buffering role of social connectedness, in a diverse sample of young adults from a commuter college. METHODS: Participants were 1712 (81% female; 61% racial/ethnic minority; 20% sexual minority) undergraduate and graduate students from a public commuter college in New York City...
September 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083209/ethnic-pride-self-esteem-and-school-belonging-a-reciprocal-analysis-over-time
#17
Maciel M Hernández, Richard W Robins, Keith F Widaman, Rand D Conger
School belonging (i.e., social connectedness to school) has positive implications for academic achievement and well-being. However, few studies have examined the developmental antecedents of school belonging, particularly for students of Mexican origin. To address this gap in the research literature, the present study examined reciprocal relations between school belonging and two self-affirmation beliefs-self-esteem and ethnic pride-using data from a longitudinal study of Mexican-origin students followed from fifth to ninth grade (N = 674, Mage at Wave 1 = 10...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076033/patterns-of-online-and-offline-connectedness-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Kiffer G Card, Heather L Armstrong, Nathan J Lachowsky, Zishan Cui, Julia Zhu, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg
This study examined patterns of connectedness among 774 sexually-active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM), aged ≥ 16 years, recruited using respondent-driven sampling in Metro Vancouver. Latent class analysis examined patterns of connectedness including: attendance at gay venues/events (i.e., bars/clubs, community groups, pride parades), social time spent with GBM, use of online social and sex seeking apps/websites, and consumption of gay media. Multinomial regression identified correlates of class membership...
October 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069117/supporting-faculty-development-in-hospital-medicine-design-and-implementation-of-a-personalized-structured-mentoring-program
#19
Amulya Nagarur, Regina M O'Neill, Donna Lawton, Jeffrey L Greenwald
The guidance of a mentor can have a tremendous influence on the careers of academic physicians. The lack of mentorship in the relatively young field of hospital medicine has been documented, but the efficacy of formalized mentorship programs has not been well studied. We implemented and evaluated a structured mentorship program for junior faculty at a large academic medical center. Of the 16 mentees who participated in the mentorship program, 14 (88%) completed preintervention surveys and 10 (63%) completed postintervention surveys...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067872/selective-neural-sensitivity-to-familial-threat-in-adolescents-with-weak-family-bonds
#20
Paul B Sharp, Wendy Heller, Eva H Telzer
Familial stressors, such as weak familial connectedness, are associated with the development of maladaptive threat processing, yet little is known regarding how weak familial bonds impinge on biological mechanisms of threat processing. The present study leveraged multivoxel pattern analysis of fMRI data to compare the neural encoding of familial and nonfamilial threatening and non-threatening stimuli in adolescents who endorsed varying levels of connectedness to their families. Adolescents (N=22, Mage= 14.38 years) reporting lower family connectedness one year earlier showed elevated sensitivity to familial threat, but not to nonfamilial threat in a neural network associated with threat processing, comprising left and right amygdala, and right inferior and middle temporal gyri...
October 25, 2017: Social Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
74261
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"