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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429383/altered-eigenvector-centrality-is-related-to-local-resting-state-network-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-longstanding-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Eelco van Duinkerken, Menno M Schoonheim, Richard G IJzerman, Annette C Moll, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Martin Klein, Michaela Diamant, Frank J Snoek, Frederik Barkhof, Alle-Meije Wink
INTRODUCTION: Longstanding type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is associated with microangiopathy and poorer cognition. In the brain, T1DM is related to increased functional resting-state network (RSN) connectivity in patients without, which was decreased in patients with clinically evident microangiopathy. Subcortical structure seems affected in both patient groups. How these localized alterations affect the hierarchy of the functional network in T1DM is unknown. Eigenvector centrality mapping (ECM) and degree centrality are graph theoretical methods that allow determining the relative importance (ECM) and connectedness (degree centrality) of regions within the whole-brain network hierarchy...
April 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426594/enhancing-cross-curricular-connectedness-and-collaboration-from-associate-degree-to-clinical-doctorate
#2
Marianne R Jeffreys, June M Como, Danna L Curcio, Marie S Giordano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421474/social-safeness-and-disordered-eating-exploring-underlying-mechanisms-of-body-appreciation-and-inflexible-eating
#3
Catarina Pinto, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes, Inês A Trindade
Feelings of social safeness and connectedness have been associated with adaptive emotion regulation processes and well-being indicators. Further, literature has demonstrated that interpersonal experiences play an important role in the etiology and maintenance of body and eating psychopathology. However, the study of the role of social variables and emotion regulation processes in the engagement in inflexible eating rules and eating psychopathology is still in its early stages. The current study aims to fill some gaps within the literature and explore the mediator role of body appreciation and inflexible eating rules in the link between social safeness and disordered eating...
April 18, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414085/lost-in-space-generalising-subtree-prune-and-regraft-to-spaces-of-phylogenetic-networks
#4
Magnus Bordewich, Simone Linz, Charles Semple
Over the last fifteen years, phylogenetic networks have become a popular tool to analyse relationships between species whose past includes reticulation events such as hybridisation or horizontal gene transfer. However, the space of phylogenetic networks is significantly larger than that of phylogenetic trees, and how to analyse and search this enlarged space remains a poorly understood problem. Inspired by the widely-used rooted subtree prune and regraft (rSPR) operation on rooted phylogenetic trees, we propose a new operation-called subnet prune and regraft (SNPR)-that induces a metric on the space of all rooted phylogenetic networks on a fixed set of leaves...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412825/family-dinner-frequency-is-inversely-related-to-mental-disorders-and-obesity-in-adolescents-the-caspian-iii-study
#5
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Leila Azadbakht
PURPOSE: Family dinner is a proxy of family connectedness that may affect mental health. The present study aimed to examine the associations of frequency of family dinner with mental disorders and obesity in a nationally-representative sample of Iranian adolescents. METHODS: A total of 5528 Iranians adolescents aged 10-18 years were enrolled in 2009-2010 in the third survey of a national surveillance program, entitled Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable disease (CASPIAN-III) study...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401811/hooked-on-a-feeling-exploring-desires-and-solutions-in-infertility-accounts-given-by-women-with-atypical-sex-development
#6
Lisa Guntram
Sociocultural meanings accorded to infertility, and rapid developments in assisted reproductive technologies, have long been central concerns in feminist and social scientific research. However, knowledge is scarce concerning how individuals make sense of infertility when it is disclosed in adolescence, for example as the result of an 'atypical' sex development, rather than as a result of failed conception. This article examines how understandings of desires, kinship and 'solutions' take shape and are negotiated in the accounts women give of infertility resulting from 'atypical' sex development...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401626/a-theory-informed-qualitative-exploration-of-social-and-environmental-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-choices-in-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-their-final-year-of-school
#7
REVIEW
Gemma Stevens, Andrew Jahoda, Lynsay Matthews, Catherine Hankey, Craig Melville, Heather Murray, Fiona Mitchell
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is higher in those with intellectual disabilities than the general population. The aim of the study was to understand the determinants of physical activity and dietary patterns in this population during their final year of school. METHOD: Qualitative data were generated from 10 interviews with adolescents with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities. Data were analysed using deductive thematic analysis, employing Self-Determination Theory as a theoretical framework...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400250/assessment-of-self-care-and-medication-adherence-in-individuals-with-mental-health-conditions
#8
Lisa J Bible, Kristin A Casper, Jennifer L Seifert, Kyle A Porter
OBJECTIVES: This descriptive study explored whether patients with mental health conditions engage in personal medicine (self-care activities) as part of their treatment regimen. Personal medicine is patient-identified and -initiated activities of self-care that can improve mental health through various means, including physical activity, social engagement, and spiritual connectedness. The purpose of this study was to explore patient engagement in personal medicine within an underserved population and to evaluate the impact self-care might have on self-reported medication use and adherence and patient perception of mental health control...
April 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399511/study-protocol-for-a-natural-experiment-in-a-lower-socioeconomic-area-to-examine-the-health-related-effects-of-refurbishment-to-parks-including-built-shade-shadeplus
#9
S J Dobbinson, J Veitch, J Salmon, M Wakefield, P K Staiger, R J MacInnis, J Simmons
INTRODUCTION: Parks in disadvantaged suburbs often have low quality and few amenities, which is likely to result in them being underutilised for recreation and physical activity. Refurbishment of parks, including shade, walking paths and other amenities, may have broad health-related benefits. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study design, methods and planned analyses for a natural experiment examining the effects of refurbishments including built-shade added to parks in disadvantaged outer suburbs of Melbourne are described...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399489/gender-differences-in-risk-factors-for-cigarette-smoking-initiation-in-childhood
#10
Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Robert J Wellman, Erin K O'Loughlin, Erika N Dugas, Jennifer O'Loughlin
INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether established risk factors for initiating cigarette smoking during adolescence (parents, siblings, friends smoke; home smoking rules, smokers at home, exposure to smoking in cars, academic performance, susceptibility to smoking, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, school connectedness, use of other tobacco products) are associated with initiation in preadolescents, and whether the effects of these factors differ by gender. METHODS: In spring 2005, baseline data were collected in self-report questionnaires from 1801 5th grade students including 1553 never-smokers (mean age=10...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399313/definition-determinants-and-outcomes-of-social-connectedness-for-older-adults-a-scoping-review
#11
Hannah M O'Rourke, Souraya Sidani
Social connectedness is critical to older adults' well-being, but is defined inconsistently and its determinants and outcomes have not been comprehensively described. The current scoping review mapped the definitions, determinants, and outcomes of social connectedness for older adults. By identifying the conceptual features described in most articles, social connectedness was defined as: the opposite of loneliness, a subjective evaluation of the extent to which one has meaningful, close, and constructive relationships with others (i...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398621/a-sense-of-belonging-how-connectedness-motivates-engagement-in-meaningful-activities-for-people-with-dementia
#12
Sanetta H J du du Toit, Margaret McGrath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398158/community-influences-on-mormon-women-with-same-sex-sexuality
#13
Jeanna Jacobsen
The idea of community evokes a sense of belonging and connectedness with others. Community life can, however, be troublesome for those who are part of a community that rejects their sexual identity. This paper presents findings from a phenomenological study that involved in-depth interviews with 23 same-sex-attracted Mormon women. Themes emerged around community experience, including sub-themes related to influence of congregations and geographic location. In addition, themes of loss of community and the rebuilding of community were explored...
April 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397968/trajectory-optimization-in-radiotherapy-using-sectioning-torus
#14
Christopher Barry Locke, Karl Kenneth Bush
PURPOSE: A challenging problem in trajectory optimization for radiotherapy is properly handling the synchronization of the medical accelerators dynamic delivery. The initial coarse sampling of control points implemented in a Progressive Resolution Optimization type approach (VMAT) routinely results in MLC aperture forming contention issues as the sampling resolution increases. This work presents an approach to optimize continuous, beam-on radiation trajectories through exploration of the anatomical topology present in the patient and formation of a novel dual-metric graph optimization problem...
April 11, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394214/does-online-social-connectedness-buffer-risk-of-depression-following-driving-cessation-an-analysis-of-older-drivers-and-ex-drivers
#15
Kristina G Challands, Philippe Lacherez, Patricia L Obst
This study investigates the role of online social connectedness as a buffer against depression in older adults who cease driving. A survey of 108 over-65 year olds (M = 73.7, SD = 7.37) was conducted. Measures included online and offline social connectedness; depression; online activities; and general health. The online activities in which older adults most frequently engaged were communicating with family and friends, reading the news, and banking. Face-to-face social connectedness was by far the strongest predictor of depression...
April 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394144/first-selection-then-influence-developmental-differences-in-friendship-dynamics-regarding-academic-achievement
#16
Mariola Claudia Gremmen, Jan Kornelis Dijkstra, Christian Steglich, René Veenstra
This study concerns peer selection and influence dynamics in early adolescents' friendships regarding academic achievement. Using longitudinal social network analysis (RSiena), both selection and influence processes were investigated for students' average grades and their cluster-specific grades (i.e., language, exact, and social cluster). Data were derived from the SNARE (Social Network Analysis of Risk behavior in Early adolescence) study, using 6 waves (N = 601; Mage = 12.66, 48.9% boys at first wave). Results showed developmental differences between the first and second year of secondary school (seventh and eighth grade)...
April 10, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393678/children-s-perspectives-in-family-centred-hospital-care
#17
Shayne Rasmussen, Tineke Water, Annette Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Children's nursing has developed into its current forms in large part as a result of broader socio-political and organisational influences. Family-centred, patient centred and collaborative approaches are now well established within the lexicon of child healthcare. Children are central to this yet their role within the family-centred care approach is not clear. AIM: To ask children to share the narratives of their experience of hospitals and hospitalisation in New Zealand, in order to consider multiple factors influencing their experience in hospital...
April 10, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392067/cognitive-impacts-of-ambient-air-pollution-in-the-national-social-health-and-aging-project-nshap-cohort
#18
Lindsay A Tallon, Justin Manjourides, Vivian C Pun, Carmel Salhi, Helen Suh
BACKGROUND: Pathways through which air pollution may impact cognitive function are poorly understood, particularly with regard to whether and how air pollution interacts with social and emotional factors to influence cognitive health. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between air pollutant exposures and cognitive outcomes among older adults participating in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) cohort study. METHODS: Measures of cognitive function, social connectedness, and physical and mental health were obtained for each NSHAP participant starting with Wave 1 of the study in 2005...
April 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390835/systematic-review-of-universal-school-based-resilience-interventions-targeting-adolescent-tobacco-alcohol-or-illicit-substance-use-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Rebecca Kate Hodder, Megan Freund, Luke Wolfenden, Jenny Bowman, Smriti Nepal, Julia Dray, Melanie Kingsland, Sze Lin Yoong, John Wiggers
Universal school-based interventions that address adolescent 'resilience' may represent a means of reducing adolescent substance use, however previous systematic reviews have not examined the effectiveness of such an intervention approach. A systematic review was undertaken to 1) assess whether universal school-based 'resilience' interventions are effective in reducing the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol or illicit substance use by adolescents, and 2) describe such effectiveness per intervention characteristic subgroups...
April 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386658/a-social-constructionist-approach-to-diversity-and-social-relations-among-muslim-americans
#20
Kristine J Ajrouch
Social relations among Muslim elders in the U.S. were examined to investigate diversity within an ethnic group whose members share a common religious belief system. Data included a web-based survey (N = 264) and semi-structured interviews (N = 18). A social constructionist perspective was used recognizing that ethnicity is fluid, not static and culture was highlighted as a way of seeing as opposed to a way of being. Regression analysis was conducted using survey data to investigate diversity among Muslims elders concerning social contact and activities...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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