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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783040/contribution-of-previable-live-births-to-disparity-in-infant-mortality-of-us-born-puerto-ricans-compared-with-infants-of-other-hispanic-origins
#1
E S Hall, M Lee, E A DeFranco
OBJECTIVES: Although US-born Hispanics experience infant mortality rates (IMRs) which are lower than the national rate, within the Hispanic population, infants of Puerto Rican origin experience higher IMRs than other Hispanics. We aimed to describe the contribution of deaths among previable live-born infants to disparity in IMRs comparing Puerto Rican infants to infants of other Hispanic origins. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive analysis. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) WONDER online database representing linked US live births and infant deaths from 2005 to 2014...
May 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781831/same-sex-and-different-sex-parent-families-in-italy-is-parents-sexual-orientation-associated-with-child-health-outcomes-and-parental-dimensions
#2
Roberto Baiocco, Nicola Carone, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: Seventy gay fathers through surrogacy, 125 lesbian mothers through donor insemination, and 195 heterosexual parents through spontaneous conception, all with children aged 3 to 11 years and living in Italy, were compared on children's psychological adjustment and prosocial behavior, as well as parental self-efficacy, dyadic adjustment, family cohesion, and flexibility. Associations among family structures, family processes, and child health outcomes were also tested. METHODS: Participants were matched for child characteristics...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781695/meeting-report-how-do-i-incorporate-research-into-my-family-practice-reflections-on-experiences-of-and-solutions-for-young-family-doctors
#3
Kenneth Yakubu, Maria C Colon-Gonzalez, Kyle Hoedebecke, Vasiliki Gkarmiri, Nagwa N Hegazy, Olugbemi O Popoola
BACKGROUND:  Family doctors (FDs) focus on biopsychosocial components of health during consultations. However, much of the evidence employed by these doctors is produced by researchers who are not routinely involved in family practice. Family doctors competent in both clinical practice and research are essential to addressing this gap. With the growing recognition of family medicine as the specialty of choice for many young doctors, there is a scarcity of literature that describes their experiences in combining research and daily family practice...
April 12, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780891/mind-body-skills-training-for-resident-wellness-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-mindfulness-intervention
#4
Laura E Romcevich, Suzanne Reed, Stacy R Flowers, Kathi J Kemper, John D Mahan
Background: Interventions to address burnout include mind-body skills training (MBST), but few studies have evaluated the feasibility of MBST for busy pediatric residents. Objective: In this pilot study, we tested the feasibility of a brief MBST intervention, using in-person peer-led training supported by online modules, to decrease stress and burnout in pediatric resident physicians. Methods: Of 99 (10%) residents, 10 residents at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Ohio participated in up to four 90-minute MBST sessions more than 1 month, led by a co-resident with 5 years of informal training in mind-body skills...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780762/framing-and-visual-type-effect-on-future-zika-vaccine-uptake-intent
#5
Jeanine P D Guidry, Kellie E Carlyle, Jessica G LaRose, Paul Perrin, Mark Ryan, Marcus Messner, Jay Adams
Introduction: The Zika virus is associated with the birth defect microcephaly, and while a vaccine was not available in early- 2017, several were under development. This study's purpose was to identify effective communication strategies to promote uptake of a new vaccine, particularly among women of reproductive age. Design and methods: In order to study the effects of Zika message framing (gain vs . loss) and visual type (photo vs . infographic) on future Zika vaccine uptake intent, a 2×2 between-subjects experiment was performed via an online survey in 2017 among 339 U...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780584/opening-the-black-box-of-spring-water-microbiology-from-alpine-karst-aquifers-to-support-proactive-drinking-water-resource-management
#6
REVIEW
Domenico Savio, Philipp Stadler, Georg H Reischer, Alexander K T Kirschner, Katalin Demeter, Rita Linke, Alfred P Blaschke, Regina Sommer, Ulrich Szewzyk, Inés C Wilhartitz, Robert L Mach, Hermann Stadler, Andreas H Farnleitner
Over the past 15 years, pioneering interdisciplinary research has been performed on the microbiology of hydrogeologically well-defined alpine karst springs located in the Northern Calcareous Alps (NCA) of Austria. This article gives an overview on these activities and links them to other relevant research. Results from the NCA springs and comparable sites revealed that spring water harbors abundant natural microbial communities even in aquifers with high water residence times and the absence of immediate surface influence...
May 2018: WIREs. Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780218/additive-function-on-function-regression
#7
Janet S Kim, Ana-Maria Staicu, Arnab Maity, Raymond J Carroll, David Ruppert
We study additive function-on-function regression where the mean response at a particular time point depends on the time point itself, as well as the entire covariate trajectory. We develop a computationally efficient estimation methodology based on a novel combination of spline bases with an eigenbasis to represent the trivariate kernel function. We discuss prediction of a new response trajectory, propose an inference procedure that accounts for total variability in the predicted response curves, and construct pointwise prediction intervals...
2018: Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780026/teaching-the-relationship-between-health-and-climate-change-a-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#8
Tasnime Osama, David Brindley, Azeem Majeed, Kris A Murray, Hiral Shah, Mel Toumazos, Michelle Van Velthoven, Josip Car, Glenn Wells, Edward Meinert
INTRODUCTION: The observed and projected impacts of climate change on human health are significant. While climate change has gathered global momentum and is taught frequently, the extent to which the relationships between climate change and health are taught remains uncertain. Education provides an opportunity to create public engagement on these issues, but the extent to which historical implementation of climate health education could be leveraged is not well understood. To address this gap, we propose to conduct a scoping review of all forms of teaching that have been used to illustrate the health effects of climate change between 2005 and 2017, coinciding with a turning point in the public health and climate change agendas following the 2005 Group of 7/8 (G7/8) Summit...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779919/radiation-dose-constraints-for-organs-at-risk-in-neuro-oncology-the-european-particle-therapy-network-consensus
#9
REVIEW
Maarten Lambrecht, Daniëlle B P Eekers, Claire Alapetite, Neil G Burnet, Valentin Calugaru, Ida E M Coremans, Piero Fossati, Morten Høyer, Johannes A Langendijk, Alejandra Méndez Romero, Frank Paulsen, Ana Perpar, Laurette Renard, Dirk de Ruysscher, Beate Timmermann, Pavel Vitek, Damien C Weber, Hiske L van der Weide, Gillian A Whitfield, Ruud Wiggenraad, Erik Roelofs, Petra Witt Nyström, Esther G C Troost
PURPOSE: For unbiased comparison of different radiation modalities and techniques, consensus on delineation of radiation sensitive organs at risk (OARs) and on their dose constraints is warranted. Following the publication of a digital, online atlas for OAR delineation in neuro-oncology by the same group, we assessed the brain OAR-dose constraints in a follow-up study. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search to identify the current papers on OAR dose constraints for normofractionated photon and particle therapy in PubMed, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Science...
May 17, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778918/cognitive-mechanisms-of-sleep-outcomes-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#10
Philip I Chow, Karen S Ingersoll, Frances P Thorndike, Holly R Lord, Linda Gonder-Frederick, Charles M Morin, Lee M Ritterband
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in a randomized clinical trial the role of sleep-related cognitive variables in the long-term efficacy of an online, fully automated cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for insomnia (CBT-I) (Sleep Healthy Using the Internet [SHUTi]). METHOD: Three hundred and three participants (Mage  = 43.3 years; SD = 11.6) were randomly assigned to SHUTi or an online patient education condition and assessed at baseline, postintervention (nine weeks after baseline), and six and 12 months after the intervention period...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778054/at-risk-symptoms-of-bipolar-disorder-in-a-university-student-cohort
#11
Ida S Haussleiter, Sandra Lorek, Eike Zeschel, Svenja Mattausch, Milena Meyers, Georg Juckel
To assess the occurrence and frequency of bipolar at-risk symptoms in a large sample of previously undiagnosed students using the new screening tool Bochumer Screeningbogen Bipolar (BSB). 2329 students of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany completed online demographic data as well as various self-rating questionnaires (BSB; Hypomania Checklist 32; Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale; Beck Depression Inventory). Within the student cohort (64.4% female, mean age 24.3 years) every fifth student currently suffered from moderate to severe depressive symptoms; every sixth student had already thought about suicide and every other student reported a history of mood swings...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775596/digital-museum-of-retinal-ganglion-cells-with-dense-anatomy-and-physiology
#12
J Alexander Bae, Shang Mu, Jinseop S Kim, Nicholas L Turner, Ignacio Tartavull, Nico Kemnitz, Chris S Jordan, Alex D Norton, William M Silversmith, Rachel Prentki, Marissa Sorek, Celia David, Devon L Jones, Doug Bland, Amy L R Sterling, Jungman Park, Kevin L Briggman, H Sebastian Seung
When 3D electron microscopy and calcium imaging are used to investigate the structure and function of neural circuits, the resulting datasets pose new challenges of visualization and interpretation. Here, we present a new kind of digital resource that encompasses almost 400 ganglion cells from a single patch of mouse retina. An online "museum" provides a 3D interactive view of each cell's anatomy, as well as graphs of its visual responses. The resource reveals two aspects of the retina's inner plexiform layer: an arbor segregation principle governing structure along the light axis and a density conservation principle governing structure in the tangential plane...
May 17, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775152/semi-automated-application-for-estimating-subthalamic-nucleus-boundaries-and-optimal-target-selection-for-deep-brain-stimulation-implantation-surgery
#13
John A Thompson, Salam Oukal, Hagai Bergman, Steven Ojemann, Adam O Hebb, Sara Hanrahan, Zvi Israel, Aviva Abosch
OBJECTIVE Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has become standard care for the surgical treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Reliable interpretation of microelectrode recording (MER) data, used to guide DBS implantation surgery, requires expert electrophysiological evaluation. Recent efforts have endeavored to use electrophysiological signals for automatic detection of relevant brain structures and optimal implant target location. The authors conducted an observational case-control study to evaluate a software package implemented on an electrophysiological recording system to provide online objective estimates for entry into and exit from the STN...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774616/psychological-effects-of-belonging-to-a-facebook-weight-management-group-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Monica Jane, Jonathan Foster, Martin Hagger, Suleen Ho, Robert Kane, Sebely Pal
This study was conducted to test whether the weight outcomes in an online social networking group were mediated by changes to psychological outcome measures in overweight and obese individuals, following a weight management programme delivered via Facebook. The data analysed in this study were collected during a three-armed, randomised, controlled clinical weight management trial conducted with overweight and obese adults over 24 weeks. Two intervention groups were given the same weight management programme: one within a Facebook group, along with peer support from other group members (the Facebook Group); the other group received the same programme in a pamphlet (the Pamphlet Group)...
May 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773530/alcohol-consumption-reduction-among-a-web-based-supportive-community-using-the-hello-sunday-morning-blog-platform-observational-study
#15
Jessica Jane Louise Kirkman, Briony Leo, Jamie Christopher Moore
BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse is a major social and public health issue in Australia, with an estimated cost to the community of Aus $30 billion per annum. Until recently, a major barrier in addressing this significant public health issue is the fact that the majority of individuals with alcohol use disorders and alcohol misuse are not receiving treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether alcohol consumption changes are associated with participation in Hello Sunday Morning's blog platform, an online forum discussing experiences in abstaining from alcohol...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773341/a-full-solution-for-multi-component-quantification-oriented-quality-assessment-of-herbal-medicines-chinese-agarwood-as-a-case
#16
Huixia Huo, Yao Liu, Wenjing Liu, Jing Sun, Qian Zhang, Yunfang Zhao, Jiao Zheng, Pengfei Tu, Yuelin Song, Jun Li
The quality of herbal medicines (HMs) is the prerequisite for their pronounced therapeutic outcomes in clinic, and multi-component (also known as quality markers, Q-markers) quantification has been widely emphasized as a viable means for quality evaluation. Because of the chemical diversity, the quality control practices are extensively dampened by four principal technical bottlenecks, including the lack of authentic compounds, large polarity span, extensive concentration range, and signal misrecognition for those potential Q-markers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772061/an-image-guided-radiotherapy-decision-support-framework-incorporating-a-bayesian-network-and-visualization-tool
#17
Catriona Hargrave, Timothy Deegan, Tomasz Bednarz, Michael Poulsen, Fiona Harden, Kerrie Mengersen
PURPOSE: To describe a Bayesian network (BN) and complementary visualization tool, that aim to support decision-making during online cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-based image guide radiotherapy (IGRT) for prostate cancer patients. METHODS: The BN was created to represent relationships between observed prostate, proximal seminal vesicle (PSV), bladder and rectum volume variations, an image feature alignment score (FASTV _ OAR ), delivered dose and treatment plan compliance (TPC)...
May 17, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771675/action-driven-visual-object-tracking-with-deep-reinforcement-learning
#18
Sangdoo Yun, Jongwon Choi, Youngjoon Yoo, Kimin Yun, Jin Young Choi
In this paper, we propose an efficient visual tracker, which directly captures a bounding box containing the target object in a video by means of sequential actions learned using deep neural networks. The proposed deep neural network to control tracking actions is pretrained using various training video sequences and fine-tuned during actual tracking for online adaptation to a change of target and background. The pretraining is done by utilizing deep reinforcement learning (RL) as well as supervised learning...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771662/optimal-and-autonomous-control-using-reinforcement-learning-a-survey
#19
Bahare Kiumarsi, Kyriakos G Vamvoudakis, Hamidreza Modares, Frank L Lewis
This paper reviews the current state of the art on reinforcement learning (RL)-based feedback control solutions to optimal regulation and tracking of single and multiagent systems. Existing RL solutions to both optimal and control problems, as well as graphical games, will be reviewed. RL methods learn the solution to optimal control and game problems online and using measured data along the system trajectories. We discuss Q-learning and the integral RL algorithm as core algorithms for discrete-time (DT) and continuous-time (CT) systems, respectively...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770861/the-fate-of-fogli-s-lore-s-fascial-platysma-fixation-optimalising-the-results-of-fogli-s-neck-lift-procedure
#20
Darryl J Hodgkinson
The author has modified previously described techniques of the superior suspension of the platysma muscle to Lore's fascia by developing an auriculoplastysmal fascial flap, which detaches the posterior platysma from its retaining ligaments to the sternomastoid muscle. Anterior to this flap, the platysma muscle is undermined and suture captured with three throws of a permanent 2.0 Tevdek suture. This suture and its three throws are fixed anterior to the tragus, which includes Lore's fascia and on tightening elevates the whole of the anterior neck as well as defines the cervicomental angle...
May 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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