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Jaffer A Shariff, Kavita P Ahluwalia, Panos N Papapanou
BACKGROUND: Recreational use of cannabis following its legalization in several countries poses an emergent oral and periodontal health concern. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between frequent recreational cannabis (marijuana and hashish) use and periodontitis prevalence among U.S adults. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2011-12) were analyzed. The primary outcome (periodontitis) was defined using the CDC/AAP classification as well as continuous measurements of probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (AL)...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Robin M Murray, Harriet Quigley, Diego Quattrone, Amir Englund, Marta Di Forti
Epidemiological evidence demonstrates that cannabis use is associated with an increased risk of psychotic outcomes, and confirms a dose-response relationship between the level of use and the risk of later psychosis. High-potency cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids carry the greatest risk. Experimental administration of tetrahydrocannabinol, the active ingredient of cannabis, induces transient psychosis in normal subjects, but this effect can be ameliorated by co-administration of cannabidiol. This latter is a constituent of traditional hashish, but is largely absent from modern high-potency forms of cannabis...
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
Azza M Oraby, Ehab R Abdol Raouf, Mostafa M El-Saied, Maha K Abou-Khadra, Suzette I Helal, Adel F Hashish
We conducted the present study to examine cognitive function and serum heat shock protein 70 levels among children with temporal lobe epilepsy. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test was carried out to examine cognitive function in 30 children with temporal lobe epilepsy and 30 controls. Serum heat shock protein 70 levels were determined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The epilepsy group had significantly lower cognitive function testing scores and significantly higher serum heat shock protein 70 levels than the control group; there were significant negative correlations between serum heat shock protein 70 levels and short-term memory and composite scores...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Arturo Alvarez, Juan F Gamella, Iván Parra
BACKGROUND: The European market for cannabis derivatives is being transformed. The cultivation of cannabis within the EU and the shift of demand from hashish to domestic marihuana are key aspects of this transformation. Spain, formerly central to the trade of Moroccan hashish, is becoming a marihuana-producing country. The emergence of "import-substitution" has been researched in other EU countries, but thus far the Spanish case remains undocumented. METHODS: This paper is based on analysis of data of 748 cannabis plantations seized by Spanish police in 2013...
September 9, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Hala Mahmoud Koura, Neamat M Abdalla, Mona Hamed Ibrahim, Maha M A Abo Hashish, Sherif Mohamed Zaki
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are elevated in children with congenital heart disease involving a left-to-right shunt (LRS) and are also raised in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). As far as we know, there are few reports in the literature comparing the change of the NT-proBNP in LRS and DCM especially in the pediatric age group. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the changes of the NT-proBNP in pediatric patients with LRS and DCM. Correlation between the levels of NT-proBNP and the echocardiographic parameters in both groups was determined...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Rita Magano, Rita Jorge, Margarida Prata, Maria Conceição Ventura, José Gabriel Saraiva da Cunha
Infections of central nervous system (CNS) include a broad group of conditions and pose a particular challenge to physicians, especially in immunocompromised individuals. This case refers to a 26-year-old male patient with a history of smoked hashish and drug abuse admitted to the infectious disease department with hemiballismus of left hemibody and a positive HIV serologic test. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study showed lesions at lower left and right cerebellar hemisphere, one of them thalamus - mesencephalic suggesting an opportunistic infection or an HIV associated encephalopathy...
2016: IDCases
Noelle E Fearn, Michael G Vaughn, Erik J Nelson, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Matt DeLisi, Zhengmin Qian
BACKGROUND: Substance use and crime/recidivism are irrevocably linked. We explore the nuances of this association by highlighting the prevalence, trends, and correlates of substance use dsorders in a large group of probationers/parolees. METHODS: We examined SUDs among probationers and parolees in the United States using data from the National Study on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Logistic regression models were computed to examine eight distinct outcomes: alcohol abuse, illicit drug abuse, marijuana/hashish abuse, comorbid alcohol and illicit drug abuse, alcohol dependence, illicit drug dependence, marijuana/hashish dependence, and comorbid alcohol and illicit drug dependence...
October 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Anna Shmagel, Erin Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Robert Foley
STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional survey. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of illicit drug use among US adults with and without chronic low back pain (cLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although addictive medications, such as opioids and benzodiazepines, are frequently prescribed to patients with cLBP, little is known about illicit drug use among Americans with cLBP. METHODS: We used data from the back pain survey, administered to a representative sample of US adults aged 20 to 69 years (N = 5103) during the 2009 to 2010 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
September 2016: Spine
S Anazi, S Maddirevula, E Faqeih, H Alsedairy, F Alzahrani, H E Shamseldin, N Patel, M Hashem, N Ibrahim, F Abdulwahab, N Ewida, H S Alsaif, H Al Sharif, W Alamoudi, A Kentab, F A Bashiri, M Alnaser, A H AlWadei, M Alfadhel, W Eyaid, A Hashem, A Al Asmari, M M Saleh, A AlSaman, K A Alhasan, M Alsughayir, M Al Shammari, A Mahmoud, Z N Al-Hassnan, M Al-Husain, R Osama Khalil, N Abd El Meguid, A Masri, R Ali, T Ben-Omran, P El Fishway, A Hashish, A Ercan Sencicek, M State, A M Alazami, M A Salih, N Altassan, S T Arold, M Abouelhoda, S M Wakil, D Monies, R Shaheen, F S Alkuraya
Intellectual disability (ID) is a measurable phenotypic consequence of genetic and environmental factors. In this study, we prospectively assessed the diagnostic yield of genomic tools (molecular karyotyping, multi-gene panel and exome sequencing) in a cohort of 337 ID subjects as a first-tier test and compared it with a standard clinical evaluation performed in parallel. Standard clinical evaluation suggested a diagnosis in 16% of cases (54/337) but only 70% of these (38/54) were subsequently confirmed. On the other hand, the genomic approach revealed a likely diagnosis in 58% (n=196)...
July 19, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Eman M Khaled, Nagwa A Meguid, Geir Bjørklund, Amr Gouda, Mohamed H Bahary, Adel Hashish, Nermin M Sallam, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Mona A El-Bana
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social, communication, and behavioral development. Recent evidence supported but also questioned the hypothetical role of compounds containing mercury (Hg) as contributors to the development of ASD. Specific alterations in the urinary excretion of porphyrin-containing ring catabolites have been associated with exposure to Hg in ASD patients. In the present study, the level of urinary porphyrins, as biomarkers of Hg toxicity in children with ASD, was evaluated, and its correlation with severity of the autistic behavior further explored...
July 13, 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
Hifzur Rahman Ansari, Thomas J Templeton, Amit Kumar Subudhi, Abhinay Ramaprasad, Jianxia Tang, Feng Lu, Raeece Naeem, Yasmeen Hashish, Mary C Oguike, Ernest Diez Benavente, Taane G Clark, Colin J Sutherland, John W Barnwell, Richard Culleton, Jun Cao, Arnab Pain
Malaria in humans is caused by six species of Plasmodium parasites, of which the nuclear genome sequences for the two Plasmodium ovale spp., P. ovale curtisi and P. ovale wallikeri, and Plasmodium malariae have not yet been analyzed. Here we present an analysis of the nuclear genome sequences of these three parasites, and describe gene family expansions therein. Plasmodium ovale curtisi and P. ovale wallikeri are genetically distinct but morphologically indistinguishable and have sympatric ranges through the tropics of Africa, Asia and Oceania...
October 2016: International Journal for Parasitology
Emad A Hashish, Shimaa A Elgaml
Curcumin is a natural anti-inflammatory and antioxidant with several potential health benefits. Although it has been examined in several metals toxicity studies, but its role in the protection against copper toxicity has not been investigated. In this study; the detoxification and antioxidant effect of curcumin were examined to determine its prophylactic/therapeutic role experimentally in rats. Forty albino rats were divided into five groups; control, CuSO4 (4 mg/kg body weight), curcumin (80 mg/kg body weight), curcumin post-treatment (CuSO4 for 15 days followed by curcumin for the next 15 days) and curcumin co-treatment (CuSO4 plus curcumin for 30 days)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Rami Hashish, Sachithra D Samarawickrame, Lucinda Baker, George J Salem
Barefoot, forefoot strike (FFS) running has recently risen in popularity. Relative to shod, rear-foot strike (RFS) running, employing a FFS is associated with heightened triceps surae muscle activation and ankle mechanical demand. Novice to this pattern, it is plausible that habitually shod RFS runners exhibit fatigue to the triceps surae when acutely transitioning to barefoot running, thereby limiting their ability to attenuate impact. Therefore, the purpose was to determine how habitually shod RFS runners respond to an exertion bout of barefoot running, operationally defined as a barefoot run 20% of mean daily running distance...
June 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Vincent Varlet, Nicolas Concha-Lozano, Aurélie Berthet, Grégory Plateel, Bernard Favrat, Mariangela De Cesare, Estelle Lauer, Marc Augsburger, Aurélien Thomas, Christian Giroud
Therapeutic cannabis administration is increasingly used in Western countries due to its positive role in several pathologies. Dronabinol or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) pills, ethanolic cannabis tinctures, oromucosal sprays or table vaporizing devices are available but other cannabinoids forms can be used. Inspired by the illegal practice of dabbing of butane hashish oil (BHO), cannabinoids from cannabis were extracted with butane gas, and the resulting concentrate (BHO) was atomized with specific vaporizing devices...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mostafa A Waly, Osama E Shalaby, Molham A Elbakary, Aiman A Hashish
PURPOSE: To study the cosmetic outcome of external dacryocystorhinostomy (Ex-DCR) and to detect the factors affecting it. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective randomized interventional study included forty patients who were treated by 40 Ex-DCRs. In twenty patients, medial canthal vertical incision was used and in the other twenty cases, subciliary incision was used. The skin was closed using vicryl 6-0 or prolene 6-0 interrupted sutures, and each one was randomly used in twenty patients (10 patients of each incision type)...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Azza Hassan Mohamed Hussein, Ebtsam Aly Abou Hashish
There is a gap in understanding how work environment contributes to hospitals' readiness for quality improvement (QI) in developing countries; thus, diagnosing work environment problems in health care organizations is the initial step in designing strategies for QI in organizations. This study examines the relationship between nurses' and physicians' perspectives of the work environments and hospitals' climate for QI. Study results indicate that work environment is positively associated with hospitals' readiness for QI...
July 2016: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
Kenza Afsahi, Salem Darwich
BACKGROUND: In the 1960s and the 1970s, Morocco and Lebanon became major producers of hashish for export to markets in West and Central Europe, Africa and the Middle East. By using a comparative approach, this paper aims to evaluate changes in production in the traditional areas of cannabis cultivation in the Rif (Morocco) and the Beqaa (Lebanon) and to better understand the role that these countries play in current trends in the global cultivation and consumption of cannabis. METHODS: The comparative approach takes in account the historical and institutionnal context, and the perception of cannabis in those two country...
May 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Janine Dlabola, Emad Hashish, Birgit Pauly, Bernd Kubisiak, Ingrid Behm, Rüdiger Heseler, Annette Schliephake, Lothar H Wieler, Heinrich Neubauer, Christian Seyboldt
Botulism in cattle is a rare but serious disease. In Germany there is no obligation to report botulism in animals and therefore a precise morbidity rate is not available. In this manuscript we describe an outbreak of Clostridium (C.) botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) intoxication in a Saxony-Anhalt dairy cow stock of 286 Holstein-Friesian cows and offspring in spring/summer 2009 and its diagnostic approach. 122 animals showed clinical signs of BoNT intoxication. 115 of the affected animals (40.2% of the herd) independent of age died or had to be euthanized...
March 2016: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Jane A Allen, Kevin C Davis, Jennifer C Duke, James M Nonnemaker, Brian R Bradfield, Matthew C Farrelly, Scott P Novak, Gary A Zarkin
This study examines the relationship between self-reports of being high on marijuana and perceptions about driving high or drunk. Data were collected in 2014 from an online convenience sample of adult, past 30-day marijuana and hashish users in Colorado and Washington (n = 865). Respondents were asked, "Were you high or feeling the effects of marijuana or hashish when you took this survey?" Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between being high and beliefs about driving high, controlling for demographics and marijuana use...
August 2016: Health Education Research
George Kritsotakis, Maria Psarrou, Maria Vassilaki, Zacharenia Androulaki, Anastas E Philalithis
AIMS: To estimate the sex-stratified prevalence and clustering of 14 behavioural and metabolic health risk factors in emerging adulthood. BACKGROUND: The high prevalence and the clustering of risk factors multiply health consequences and increase the threat to the future health and quality of life of young adults. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. METHODS: During November-December 2012, we assessed 14 lifestyle characteristics of 1058 1st year university students' that were classified as: healthy (score = 0), unhealthy (score = 1) and high-risk unhealthy (score = 2)...
September 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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