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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784499/erratum-to-antibodies-derived-from-a-toxoid-mefa-multiepitope-fusion-antigen-show-neutralizing-activities-against-heat-labile-toxin-lt-heat-stable-toxins-sta-stb-and-shiga-toxin-2e-stx2e-of-porcine-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-etec-vet-microbiol-202-2017
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669714/cannabidiol-inhibits-endocannabinoid-signaling-in-autaptic-hippocampal-neurons
#2
Alex Straiker, Michaela Dvorakova, Anaelle Zimmowitch, Ken P Mackie
Δ9-THC and cannabidiol (CBD) are two main cannabinoid constituents of marijuana and hashish. The pharmacology of Δ9-THC has been extensively studied, while our understanding of the pharmacology of CBD has remained limited, despite excitement in CBD's potential role in treating certain pediatric epilepsies and its reputation for attenuating some Δ9-THC-induced effects. It was established early on that CBD binds poorly to the orthosteric site of CB1 or CB2 cannabinoid receptors and its actions were commonly attributed to other non-cannabinoid receptor mechanisms...
April 18, 2018: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572355/vape-factor-fast-find-adult-vf3-a-a-prototype-survey-method-for-recording-brand-specific-vaping-factors-in-adult-populations
#3
Craig S Ross, Tancy C Zhang, William DeJong, Michael Siegel
BACKGROUND: In population studies, vaping is often treated as a dichotomous exposure (present/absent) without consideration of specific vaping devices and materials being used. A survey instrument is needed to record specific vaping devices and materials. METHODS: We developed a database of 613 vaping device models and 3196 vaping liquid products, indexed by device brand, device type, liquid brand, liquid name and liquid flavour type. We developed a survey instrument to allow participants to report their vaping device and liquid from the indexed lists...
March 23, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553458/substance-use-by-university-students-in-the-west-bank-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Basma R Damiri, Hisham N Sandouka, Eiad H Janini, Omar N Yaish
BACKGROUND: Substance use has been an increasing problem in the occupied Palestinian territory for decades. The aim of this study was to describe the practice, knowledge, and attitudes associated with substance use by university students in the occupied Palestinian territory. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done in 2015. Male and female students from four main public universities in the West Bank were recruited to fill out a self-administered questionnaire...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493404/mycobacterium-marinum-infection-in-fish-and-man-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-management-a-review
#5
Emad Hashish, Abdallah Merwad, Shimaa Elgaml, Ali Amer, Huda Kamal, Ahmed Elsadek, Ayman Marei, Mahmoud Sitohy
Mycobacterium marinum is an opportunistic pathogen inducing infection in fresh and marine water fish. This pathogen causes necrotizing granuloma like tuberculosis, morbidity and mortality in fish. The cell wall-associated lipid phthiocerol dimycocerosates, phenolic glycolipids and ESAT-6 secretion system 1 (ESX-1) are the conserved virulence determinant of the organism. Human infections with Mycobacterium marinum hypothetically are classified into four clinical categories (type I-type IV) and have been associated with the exposure of damaged skin to polluted water from fish pools or contacting objects contaminated with infected fish...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449105/comparing-cryptomarkets-for-drugs-a-characterisation-of-sellers-and-buyers-over-time
#6
Meropi Tzanetakis
INTRODUCTION: Cryptomarkets operating on the darknet are a recent phenomenon that has gained importance only over the last couple of years (Barratt, 2012). However, they now constitute an evolving part of illicit drug markets. Although selling and buying a variety of psychoactive substances on the Internet has a long history, new technological developments enable systematic drug trading on the net.These technological innovations on the Internet allow users to proceed with (illicit) drug transactions with almost completely anonymous identities and locations...
February 12, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405767/assessment-of-oxidative-stress-of-platelets-among-chronic-heroin-and-hashish-addicts
#7
M A Bani-Ahmad, A G Mustafa, Aab Ahmad, Ama Rahim
INTRODUCTION: Illicit drugs abuse is associated with several clinical life-threatening consequences that are primarily mediated by oxidative damage to multiple cellular components with a subsequent cellular dysfunction and death. Primarily, this study aimed to investigate oxidative stress to protein and lipid components of circulatory platelets among chronic heroin and hashish addicts. METHODS: Platelet lysates were prepared from 20 chronic intravenously administrated heroin addicts and 20 chronic smoked hashish addicts...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386757/anterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-with-external-sphincter-preservation-for-the-treatment-of-recto-vestibular-fistula-a-new-approach
#8
Mohamed Ibrahim Elsawaf, Mohamed S Hashish
Context: To our knowledge, there is no description of anterior sagittal anorectoplasty (ASARP) with external anal sphincter preservation and passing neorectum in the middle of muscle complex under direct vision for the treatment of recto-vestibular fistula (VF). Aim: This study evaluates a new modification combining ASARP with under vision sphincter preservation. Subjects and Methods: This prospective study was conducted on thirty female infants with VF...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262425/quantitative-determination-of-%C3%AE-9-thc-cbg-cbd-their-acid-precursors-and-five-other-neutral-cannabinoids-by-uhplc-uv-ms
#9
Yan-Hong Wang, Bharathi Avula, Mahmoud A ElSohly, Mohamed M Radwan, Mei Wang, Amira S Wanas, Zlatko Mehmedic, Ikhlas A Khan
Cannabinoids are a group of terpenophenolic compounds in the medicinal plant Cannabis sativa (Cannabaceae family). Cannabigerolic acid, Δ9 -tetrahydrocannabinolic acid A, cannabidiolic acid, Δ9 -tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabigerol, cannabidiol, cannabichromene, and tetrahydrocannabivarin are major metabolites in the classification of different strains of C. sativa . Degradation or artifact cannabinoids cannabinol, cannabicyclol, and Δ8 -tetrahydrocannabinol are formed under the influence of heat and light during processing and storage of the plant sample...
March 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131910/resistant-infantile-bacterial-conjunctivitis-in-egypt-a-microbiology-study
#10
Aiman Abdeltawwab Hashish, Molham Abdelhafez Elbakary, Waleed Abdelhady Allam
PURPOSE: To study the microbiological aspects of infantile bacterial conjunctivitis resistant to empirical topical antibiotic therapy in Egypt. METHODS: Ninety-two eyes of 86 infants with bacterial conjunctivitis were included in this prospective study. They all failed to show evidence of clinical improvement after 2 weeks of empirical topical antibiotic therapy. Conjunctival swabs were obtained from all patients for bacterial culture and antibiotic sensitivity testing...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121894/frequency-of-acute-cervical-and-lumbar-pathology-in-common-types-of-motor-vehicle-collisions-a-retrospective-record-review
#11
Rami Hashish, Hasan Badday
BACKGROUND: There are more than 5 million motor vehicle collisions annually in the United States, resulting in more than 2 million injured occupants. The most common types of collisions are head-on impacts, rear-ends, side-swipes, and t-bones, whilst the most common injury sites are the cervical and lumbar spine. The purpose of this retrospective record review was to examine the differences in frequency of cervical and lumbar pathology across and between these common collision types. METHODS: Nine-hundred and three patients were included in this analysis, 88 of whom described being in a head-on collision, 546 in a rear-end, 123 in a side-swipe, and 146 in a t-bone...
November 9, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022678/exposure-to-psychoactive-compounds-amongst-students-of-medical-university
#12
Krystyna Kowalczuk, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of exposure to psychoactive compounds amongst students of the Medical University of Bialystok. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 504 students selected by means of stratified sampling based on the university faculty, study discipline and year, and participant's gender. RESULTS: Nearly three fourths of our respondents have contact with their student colleagues who use psychoactive compounds, or have heard that such individuals exist...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898800/texting-during-stair-negotiation-and-implications-for-fall-risk
#13
Rami Hashish, Megan E Toney-Bolger, Sarah S Sharpe, Benjamin D Lester, Adam Mulliken
BACKGROUND/AIM: Walking requires the integration of the sensory and motor systems. Cognitive distractions have been shown to interfere with negotiation of complex walking environments, especially in populations at greater risk for falls (e.g. the elderly). With the pervasiveness of mobile messaging and the recent introduction of augmented reality mobile gaming, it is increasingly important to understand how distraction associated with the simultaneous use of a mobile device impacts navigation of the complex walking environments experienced in daily life...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893160/relationship-between-ethical-ideology-and-moral-judgment-academic-nurse-educators-perception
#14
Ebtsam Aly Abou Hashish, Nadia Hassan Ali Awad
BACKGROUND: Ascertaining the relationship between ethical ideology, moral judgment, and ethical decision among academic nurse educators at work appears to be a challenge particularly in situations when they are faced with a need to solve an ethical problem and make a moral decision. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between ethical ideology, moral judgment, and ethical decision as perceived by academic nurse educators. METHODS: A descriptive correlational research design was conducted at Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830504/trends-in-substance-use-admissions-among-older-adults
#15
Sumedha Chhatre, Ratna Cook, Eshita Mallik, Ravishankar Jayadevappa
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse is a growing, but mostly silent, epidemic among older adults. We sought to analyze the trends in admissions for substance abuse treatment among older adults (aged 55 and older). METHODS: Treatment Episode Data Set - Admissions (TEDS-A) for period between 2000 and 2012 was used. The trends in admission for primary substances, demographic attributes, characteristics of substance abused and type of admission were analyzed. RESULTS: While total number of substance abuse treatment admissions between 2000 and 2012 changed slightly, proportion attributable to older adults increased from 3...
August 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808073/unintentional-cannabis-intoxication-in-toddlers
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Isabelle Claudet, Sébastien Mouvier, Magali Labadie, Cécile Manin, Anne-Pascale Michard-Lenoir, Didier Eyer, Damien Dufour
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In France, cannabis consumption is illegal. The health impact of its increasing use and higher tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentrations is still poorly documented, particularly that of unintentional pediatric intoxications. We sought to evaluate the French national trend of admissions for unintentional cannabis intoxication in children over an 11-year period (2004-2014). METHODS: A retrospective, national, multicenter, observational study of a pediatric cohort...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669327/reproductive-factors-lifestyle-and-dietary-habits-among-pregnant-women-in-greenland-the-accept-sub-study-2013-2015
#17
Anne Seneca Terkelsen, Manhai Long, Lise Hounsgaard, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: During past decades the formerly active lifestyle in Greenland has become sedentary, and the intake of traditional food has gradually been replaced with imported food. These lifestyle and dietary habits may affect pregnant women. AIM: To describe age and regional differences in reproductive factors, lifestyle and diet among Greenlandic pregnant women in their first trimester. METHODS: A cross-sectional study during 2013-2015 including 373 pregnant women was conducted in five Greenlandic regions (West, Disko Bay, South, North and East)...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605163/associations-of-bullying-and-cyberbullying-with-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-adults
#18
George Kritsotakis, Maria Papanikolaou, Emmanouil Androulakis, Anastas E Philalithis
PURPOSE: This study aims at identifying the sex-stratified associations of involvement in traditional bullying during middle and high school years and in cyberbullying during college years with multiple health risk behaviors in undergraduate students. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis draws on the data of the second wave of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece. METHODS: During November and December 2013, 812 second-year undergraduate students (mean age = 19...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582351/teenagers-awareness-of-peers-substance-and-drug-use-in-kuwait
#19
Florence E Omu, Al-Wadaany Bader, Delles Helen, Shukriya Slabeeb, Hanan Safar, Alexander E Omu
BACKGROUND: Teenage substance use is a global challenge, and youths residing in Kuwait are not immune from it. Tobacco products are licit; however, alcohol and other mood-altering illicit substance are prohibited with severe penalties including imprisonment. Youths residing in Kuwait are being initiated into the use of mood-altering substances like tobacco at an early age, and it is postulated that, as they grow older, they may progress into using alcohol and other prohibited illicit drugs...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531767/the-standard-joint-unit
#20
Cristina Casajuana Kögel, María Mercedes Balcells-Olivero, Hugo López-Pelayo, Laia Miquel, Lídia Teixidó, Joan Colom, David John Nutt, Jürgen Rehm, Antoni Gual
OBJECTIVE: Reliable data on cannabis quantities is required to improve assessment of cannabis consumption for epidemiological analysis and clinical assessment, consequently a Standard Joint Unit (SJU) based on quantity of 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (9-THC) has been established. METHODOLOGY: Naturalistic study of a convenience sample recruited from February 2015-June 2016 in universities, leisure spaces, mental health services and cannabis clubs in Barcelona. Adults, reporting cannabis use in the last 60 days, without cognitive impairment or language barriers, answered a questionnaire on cannabis use and were asked to donate a joint to further determine their 9-THC and Cannabidiol (CBD) content...
July 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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