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Pelvic floor surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213799/the-hybrid-technique-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-treatment-apical-sling-and-subfascial-colporrhaphy
#1
Dmitry Shkarupa, Nikita Kubin, Alexey Pisarev, Anastasiya Zaytseva, Ekaterina Shapovalova
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of patients with cystocele undergoing reconstructive surgery have combined defects of pubocervical fascia and uterosacral/cardinal ligament complex. In this regard, the simultaneous correction of both defects is rational. Furthermore, decreasing the use of synthetic materials in pelvic floor surgery is an important goal. The aim was to evaluate the objective and subjective cure rate of a hybrid technique: bilateral sacrospinous fixation using modern monofilament synthetic tape (apical sling) combined with the original technique of subfascial colporrhaphy...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201796/pelvic-floor-properties-in-women-reporting-urinary-incontinence-after-surgery-and-radiotherapy-for-endometrial-cancer
#2
Stéphanie Bernard, Hélène Moffet, Marie Plante, Marie-Pier Ouellet, Jean Leblond, Chantale Dumoulin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191790/safety-and-short-term-outcomes-of-a-new-truly-minimallyinvasive-mesh-less-and-dissection-less-anchoring-system-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-apical-repair
#3
Adi Y Weintraub, Masha Ben Zvi, David Yohay, Joerg Neymeyer, Yonatan Reuven, Menahem Neuman, Alex Tsivian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and short term outcomes of a new, truly minimallyinvasive, mesh-less and dissection-less anchoring system for pelvic floor apical repair. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted using the NeuGuide™ device system for pelvic floor apical repair. The primary effectiveness outcome was centro-apical pelvic floor prolapse by POP-Q after six months. The primary safety outcome was intra-operative, immediate (first 48 h) post-operative complications and adverse effects after six months...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177993/effects-of-hysterectomy-on-pelvic-floor-disorders-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Akin Firat Kocaay, Derya Oztuna, Filiz Akin Su, Atilla Halil Elhan, Mehmet Ayhan Kuzu
BACKGROUND: Hysterectomy might adversely affect pelvic floor functions and result in many different symptoms, such as urinary and anal incontinence, obstructed defecation, and constipation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the influence of hysterectomy on pelvic floor disorders. DESIGN: This was a prospective and longitudinal study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at the Ankara University Department of Surgery and the Dr Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Research and Education Hospital between September 2008 and March 2011...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144214/functional-disorders-rectocele
#5
REVIEW
W Conan Mustain
Rectoceles are a very common finding in patients, and symptoms most commonly include pelvic pain, pressure, or difficulty with passing stool. However, there are often other associated pelvic floor disorders that accompany rectoceles, making the clinical significance of it in an individual patient often hard to determine. When evaluating a patient with a rectocele, a thorough history and physical exam must be conducted to help delineate other causes of these symptoms. Treatment consists of addressing other defecatory disorders through various methods, with surgery reserved for select cases in which obstructed defecation is well documented...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144212/methods-of-evaluation-of-anorectal-causes-of-obstructed-defecation
#6
REVIEW
Anne C Fabrizio, Yewande Alimi, Anjali S Kumar
Obstructed defecation is a complex disorder that results in impaired propagation of stool from the rectum. It is one of the major subtypes of functional constipation and can be secondary to either functional or anatomic etiologies. Patients with obstructed defecation typically present with symptoms of abdominal discomfort, a sensation of incomplete evacuation and rectal obstruction, passage of hard stools, the need for rectal or vaginal digitation, excessive straining, and reduced stool frequency. Evaluation of obstructed defecation is multimodal, starting with a thorough history and physical examination with focus on the abdominal, perineal, and rectal examination...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125816/comparative-anatomy-of-the-ovine-and-female-pelvis
#7
Iva Urbankova, Katarina Vdoviakova, Rita Rynkevic, Nikhil Sindhwani, Dries Deprest, Andrew Feola, Paul Herijgers, Ladislav Krofta, Jan Deprest
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse affects half of vaginally parous women. Several animal models are used to study its pathophysiology and treatment. Sheep are interesting because they develop spontaneously prolapse with similar risk factors as women and can be used for vaginal surgery. This study describes ovine pelvis anatomy and compares it to women's pelvis to provide anatomical tools for translational researchers. METHODS: MRI, pelvic dissections, and histology were used for detailed macro- and microscopic analysis of relevant anatomical structures in 6 nulliparous ewes...
January 27, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124074/mri-visible-fe3o4-polypropylene-mesh-3d-reconstruction-of-spatial-relation-to-bony-pelvis-and-neurovascular-structures
#8
Luyun Chen, Florian Lenz, Céline D Alt, Christof Sohn, John O De Lancey, Kerstin A Brocker
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To demonstrate mesh magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) visibility in living women, the feasibility of reconstructing the full mesh course in 3D, and to document its spatial relationship to pelvic anatomical structures. METHODS: This is a proof of concept study of three patients from a prospective multi-center trial evaluating women with anterior vaginal mesh repair using a MRI-visible Fe3O4 polypropylene implant for pelvic floor reconstruction...
January 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118173/symptom-relief-and-retreatment-after-vaginal-open-or-robotic-surgery-for-apical-vaginal-prolapse
#9
Mallika Anand, Amy L Weaver, Kristin M Fruth, Emanuel C Trabuco, John B Gebhart
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to determine the degree of symptom relief and survival free of retreatment after Mayo-McCall culdoplasty (MMC), open abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC), and robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) for posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients who had undergone surgery for posthysterectomy apical vaginal prolapse from January 1, 2000, through June 30, 2012, at our institution. Baseline characteristics and perioperative outcomes were abstracted from electronic health records...
January 24, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110485/are-obese-patients-at-an-increased-risk-of-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-compared-to-non-obese-patients
#10
Isaac José Felippe Corrêa Neto, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, José Marcio Neves Jorge, Marco Aurélio Santo, Leonardo Alfonso Bustamante-Lopez, Ivan Cecconello, Sérgio Carlos Nahas
PURPOSE: Factors associated with increased intra-abdominal pressure such as chronic cough, morbid obesity, and constipation may be related to pelvic floor dysfunction. In this study, we compared anorectal manometry values and clinical data of class II and III morbidly obese patients referred to bariatric surgery with that of non-obese patients. METHODS: We performed a case-matched study between obese patients referred to bariatric surgery and non-obese patients without anorectal complaints...
January 21, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106655/transurethral-polyacrylamide-hydrogel-injection-therapy-in-women-not-eligible-for-midurethral-sling-surgery
#11
Daniel Altman, Francesca Ghilotti, Rino Bellocco, Jan Zetterström, Helena Kopp Kallner
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine the effects of transurethral polyacrylamide hydrogel injection in patients considered ineligible for midurethral sling surgery. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 81 patients received treatment with transurethral polyacrylamide hydrogel injection. Patients were considered ineligible for placement of a midurethral sling based on significant comorbidity (48%), 1 or more previously failed invasive treatments (16%), mixed urinary incontinence (27%), continuous incontinence (5%), or previous pelvic radiation therapy (4%)...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095995/pelvic-floor-reconstruction-by-modified-rectus-abdominis-myoperitoneal-mram-flap-after-pelvic-exenterations
#12
D Cibula, M Zikan, D Fischerova, R Kocian, A Germanova, A Burgetova, L Dusek, Z Fartáková, M Schneiderová, K Nemejcová, J Slama
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and report experiences with pelvic floor reconstruction by modified rectus abdominis myoperitoneal (MRAM) flap after extensive pelvic procedures. METHODS: Surgical technique of MRAM harvest and transposition is carefully described. The patients in whom pelvic floor reconstruction with MRAM after either infralevator pelvic exenteration and/or extended lateral pelvic sidewall excision was carried out were enrolled into the study (MRAM group, n=16)...
January 14, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062903/norwegian-translation-and-validation-of-the-pelvic-floor-distress-inventory-pfdi-20-and-the-pelvic-floor-impact-questionnaire-pfiq-7
#13
Catherine J Teig, Margreth Grotle, Malcolm J Bond, Cecilia A C Prinsen, Marie A Ellström Engh, Milada S Cvancarova, Møyfrid Kjøllesdal, Angelita Martini
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The goal was to translate into Norwegian, and validate, short versions of the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) and the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7) using a sample of women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor dysfunction. METHODS: Modified European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Guidelines were used for translation and cultural adaptation. Of 212 eligible Norwegian women who consented to participate, 205 completed the questionnaires, of whom 50 were retested after 1 - 3 weeks, and 76 were tested 6 months after surgery...
January 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057125/-treatment-and-outcome-of-polypropylene-mesh-or-tape-related-pain-after-reconstructive-pelvic-surgery
#14
Y Q Wang, X Yang, J L Wang
Objective: To investigate clinical treatment and outcome of mesh-related pain after pelvic floor reconstruction. Methods: Twelve patients were referred to Peking University People's Hospital for post-operation pain related to polypropylene mesh or tape used in pelvic floor reconstruction and received reoperation from January 2007 to December 2014. The demographic characteristics, clinical manifestation, operation method and follow-up outcome were retrospectively analyzed, and current literature was also reviewed...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027972/pelvic-symptoms-body-image-and-regret-after-lefort-colpocleisis-a-long-term-follow-up
#15
Xiaojuan Wang, Yisong Chen, Keqin Hua
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of leFort colpocleisis on body image, regret, and pelvic floor symptoms long-term after surgery. DESIGN: retrospective study DESIGN: Classification: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: Tertiary university-affiliated hospital PATIENTS: Between April 2011 and April 2015, 334 patients underwent LeFort colpocleisis. INTERVENTION: LeFort colpocleisis MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS: Patient characteristics (e...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980522/ultrasound-imaging-in-urogynecology-state-of-the-art-2016
#16
Michał Bogusiewicz
The role of ultrasound imaging in urogynecology is not clearly defined. Despite significant developments in visualization techniques and interpretation of images, pelvic ultrasound is still more a tool for research than for clinical practice. Structures of the lower genitourinary tract and pelvic floor can be visualized from different approaches: transperineal, introital, transvaginal, abdominal or endoanal. According to contemporary guidelines and recommendations, the role of ultrasound in urogynecology is limited to the measurement of post-void residue...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966387/latency-to-vaginal-mesh-exposure-with-mesh-placed-abdominally-versus-vaginally-in-pelvic-floor-surgery-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#17
Muhammad F Aslam, Mary Anna Denman, Sharon R Edwards, William T Gregory
The primary aim was to compare the difference in time to mesh exposure between mesh placed abdominally versus vaginally. This is a retrospective comparative study of patients presented with vaginal mesh exposure between January 2001 and July 2012. This study compares patients who had undergone vaginally placed mesh procedures to those who had had abdominally placed mesh. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to measure the time to mesh exposure. There were 68 patients with mesh exposure in our cohort. Thirty eight patients had undergone vaginal placement of mesh and 30 patients had abdominal mesh...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918338/female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery-in-canada-a-survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-and-urologists
#18
Marie K Christakis, Eliane M Shore, Ariel Pulver, Colleen D McDermott
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the current status of female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) in Canada, including level of training, practice patterns, barriers to practice and opinions among obstetrician-gynecologists (OB/GYNs) and urologists. METHODS: Electronic surveys were distributed to 737 OB/GYNs through the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and to 489 urologists through the Canadian Urological Association...
December 1, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907976/are-complications-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-surgery-procedures-associated-with-the-position-of-the-sling
#19
Jacek Kociszewski, George Fabian, Susanne Grothey, Andrzej Kuszka, Aneta Zwierzchowska, Wojciech Majkusiak, Ewa Barcz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the sling position is associated with particular types of complications in patients undergoing suburethral sling placement for stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Data from 100 women diagnosed at the Evangelical Hospital Hagen-Haspe with complications after suburethral sling insertion were analyzed. All patients underwent pelvic floor ultrasound to assess: urethral length, sling location in relation to the urethral length (%) and the sling distance to the longitudinal smooth muscle complex of the urethra (the sling-longitudinal smooth muscle distance)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898453/resolution-of-rectal-prolapse-by-vaginal-reconstruction
#20
Hemikaa Devakumar, Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Alexandriah Alas, Laura Martin, G Willy Davila, Eric Hurtado
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is a disorder of the pelvic floor in which the layers of the rectal mucosa protrude outward through the anus. Surgical repair is the mainstay of treatment. Options include intra-abdominal procedures such as rectopexy and perineal procedures such as the Delorme and Altemeier perineal rectosigmoidectomy. Rectal and vaginal prolapse can often coexist. However, to our knowledge, there are no reported cases of rectal prolapse resolved by the repair of a compressive enterocele abutting the anterior rectal wall through a vaginal approach alone...
January 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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