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G Rahman

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919997/increased-infiltration-and-tolerised-antigen-specific-cd8-tem-cells-in-tumor-but-not-peripheral-blood-have-no-impact-on-survival-of-hcmv-glioblastoma-patients
#1
M Bahador, A Gras Navarro, M A Rahman, M Dominguez-Valentin, S Sarowar, E Ulvestad, G Njølstad, S A Lie, E K Kristoffersen, E Bratland, M Chekenya
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) antigens in glioblastoma (GBM) present opportunities for personalised immunotherapy. However, their presence in GBM tissue is still under debate, and evidence of their impact on functional immune responses and prognosis is sparse. Here, we investigated the presence of pp65 (UL83) and immediate early 1 (IE-1) HCMV antigens in a cohort of Norwegian GBM patients (n = 177), using qPCR, immunohistochemistry, and serology. HCMV status was then used to investigate whether viral antigens influenced immune cell phenotype, infiltration, activation and patient survival...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919608/arthroscopic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-triplet-autograft-of-semitendinosus-tendon
#2
M Z Islam, M Rahman, M E Ali, M K Alam, W Ahmed, M T Alam, M K Saha
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most commonly injured ligament occurs in young adult population, which markedly reduces activity level. Anterior cruciate ligament rupture is a threat to the homeostasis of the knee. So, reconstruction of the ACL is necessary to make them fit and return to their pre-injury activity level. The choice of graft for ACL reconstruction is a matter of debate, with the BPTB graft and quadruple graft of ST-G being the two most popular options. Use of triplet graft of semi-tendinosus tendon alone without sacrificing gracilis is another option...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919601/relationship-between-echocardiographic-epicardial-adipose-tissue-eat-thickness-and-angiographically-detected-coronary-artery-disease
#3
G R Bhuiyan, G C Roy, M A Siddique, M Rahman, K Ahmed, F Nahar
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a particular form of visceral adipose tissue deposited around the heart and there is growing evidence about the physiological and metabolic importance of EAT, especially in the association of cardiovascular risk profiles and the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. This observational, cross sectional study was done to determine the relationship between echocardiographic epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness and coronary artery disease (CAD). Total 123 patients with established or suspected coronary artery disease admitted for coronary angiogram in the department of Cardiology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) from November 2010 to the end of April 2011 were included in this study...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919596/outcome-of-pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-observed-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#4
S U Ahammed, A A Chowdhury, A S Roy, M A Muqueet, M A Rahman, M S Kabir, M G Rabbani, M Asadujjaman, M B Hossain, M Akhtaruzzaman, S K Das, E H Khan, M A Islam, M J Hasan, M A Rahman, R K Talukder, J Ara, G C Barman, P P Roy, M K Saha, D Mondal
This prospective case control study was carried out in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH) from April 2011 to March 2012. The main objective of the study was to determine the short term maternal outcome of pregnancy related Acute Kidney Injury and to identify aetiological factors and to observe clinical features of pregnancy related Acute Kidney Injury. Total 60 pregnant women with AKI were included in the study as sample and equal (60) number of pregnant women with normal renal function was taken as control...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912373/the-association-of-sleep-duration-and-quality-with-ckd-progression
#5
Ana C Ricardo, Kristen Knutson, Jinsong Chen, Lawrence J Appel, Lydia Bazzano, Eunice Carmona-Powell, Janet Cohan, Manjula Kurella Tamura, Susan Steigerwalt, John Daryl Thornton, Matthew Weir, Nicolas F Turek, Mahboob Rahman, Eve Van Cauter, James P Lash
Evidence suggests that sleep disorders are common in individuals with CKD, but the influence of sleep duration and quality on CKD progression is unknown. We examined the association of habitual sleep duration and quality with CKD progression in 431 Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study participants, of whom 48% were women and 50% had diabetes (mean age of 60 years old, mean eGFR =38 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), and median urine protein-to-creatinine ratio [UPCR] =0.20 g/g). We assessed sleep duration and quality by 5-7 days of wrist actigraphy and self-report...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904139/an-edrioasteroid-from-the-silurian-herefordshire-lagerst%C3%A3-tte-of-england-reveals-the-nature-of-the-water-vascular-system-in-an-extinct-echinoderm
#6
Derek E G Briggs, Derek J Siveter, David J Siveter, Mark D Sutton, Imran A Rahman
Echinoderms are unique in having a water vascular system with tube feet, which perform a variety of functions in living forms. Here, we report the first example of preserved tube feet in an extinct group of echinoderms. The material, from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte, UK, is assigned to a new genus and species of rhenopyrgid edrioasteroid, Heropyrgus disterminus The tube feet attach to the inner surface of compound interradial plates and form two sets, an upper and a lower, an arrangement never reported previously in an extant or extinct echinoderm...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895558/combination-photo-and-electron-beam-lithography-with-polymethyl-methacrylate-pmma-resist
#7
Daniel J Carbaugh, Sneha G Pandya, Jason T Wright, Savas Kaya, Faiz Rahman
We describe techniques for performing photolithography and electron beam lithography in succession on the same resist-covered substrate. Larger openings are defined in the resist film through photolithography whereas smaller openings are defined through conventional electron beam lithography. The two processes are carried out one after the other and without an intermediate wet development step. At the conclusion of the two exposures, the resist film is developed once to reveal both large and small openings...
September 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892840/cadmium-solubility-and-bioavailability-in-soils-amended-with-acidic-and-neutral-biochar
#8
Fangjie Qi, Dane Lamb, Ravi Naidu, Nanthi S Bolan, Yubo Yan, Yong Sik Ok, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, Girish Choppala
This study was designed to investigate the effects of acidic and neutral biochars on solubility and bioavailability of cadmium (Cd) in soils with contrasting properties. Four Cd contaminated (50mg/kg) soils (EN: Entisol, AL: Andisol, VE: Vertisol, IN: Inceptisol) were amended with 5% acidic wood shaving biochar (WS, pH=3.25) and neutral chicken litter biochar (CL, pH=7.00). Following a 140-day incubation, the solubility and bioavailability/bioaccessibility of cadmium (Cd) were assessed. Results showed that both biochars had no effect on reducing soluble (pore water) and bioavailable (CaCl2 extractable) Cd for higher sorption capacity soils (AL, IN) while CL biochar reduced those in lower sorption capacity soils (EN, VE) by around 50%...
September 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892156/a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-polydextrose-as-a-fiber-in-a-wet-and-dry-matrix-on-glycemic-control
#9
Sajida Rahman, Anqi Zhao, Di Xiao, Eunyoung Park, Indika Edirisinghe, Britt M Burton-Freeman
Functional fibers can help Americans increase their fiber intake by incorporating extracted or synthesized fibers into food products. The United States Food and Drug Administration has recently proposed that "added" fibers must demonstrate a physiological health benefit, such as glucose control, to be included on the Nutrition Facts label as a dietary fiber. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of polydextrose (PDX), a water-soluble glucose polymer resistant to mammalian digestion, on postprandial glucose concentrations when added to relatively high moisture (beverage) versus low moisture (bar) food products...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886269/loss-of-function-grhl3-variants-detected-in-african-patients-with-isolated-cleft-palate
#10
M A Eshete, H Liu, M Li, W L Adeyemo, L J J Gowans, P A Mossey, T Busch, W Deressa, P Donkor, P B Olaitan, B S Aregbesola, R O Braimah, G O Oseni, F Oginni, R Audu, C Onwuamah, O James, E Augustine-Akpan, L A Rahman, M O Ogunlewe, F K N Arthur, S A Bello, P Agbenorku, P Twumasi, F Abate, T Hailu, Y Demissie, A Hailu, G Plange-Rhule, S Obiri-Yeboah, M M Dunnwald, P E Gravem, M L Marazita, A A Adeyemo, J C Murray, R A Cornell, A Butali
In contrast to the progress that has been made toward understanding the genetic etiology of cleft lip with or without cleft palate, relatively little is known about the genetic etiology for cleft palate only (CPO). A common coding variant of grainyhead like transcription factor 3 ( GRHL3) was recently shown to be associated with risk for CPO in Europeans. Mutations in this gene were also reported in families with Van der Woude syndrome. To identify rare mutations in GRHL3 that might explain the missing heritability for CPO, we sequenced GRHL3 in cases of CPO from Africa...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874961/correlation-of-abnormal-histology-with-endoscopic-findings-among-mycophenolate-mofetil-treated-patients
#11
Mitchell A Izower, Merajur Rahman, Ernesto P Molmenti, Madhu C Bhaskaran, Viren G Amin, Sundas Khan, Keith Sultan
AIM: To describe all abnormal histological findings and their associated endoscopic presentation in patients using mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). METHODS: A retrospective review of all individuals prescribed MMF within 6 mo of a colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy between 07/2009 and 09/2015 was performed within Northwell Health system. Records were analyzed for age, gender, procedure indication, MMF indication, and both gross and microscopic findings. Only reports with abnormal histology were included...
August 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865678/gabapentin-and-its-salicylaldehyde-derivative-alleviate-allodynia-and-hypoalgesia-in-a-cisplatin-induced-neuropathic-pain-model
#12
Nisar Ahmad, Fazal Subhan, NazarUl Islam, Muhammad Shahid, Faiz Ur Rahman, Robert D E Sewell
Cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent indicated in cancer chemotherapy. However, its clinical use is associated with peripheral neuropathy that invariably impairs patient quality of life. Gabapentin (GBP) is an effective analgesic for neuropathic pain conditions but its clinical efficacy in cisplatin-induced neuropathic pain (CINP) is limited, in addition to generating unwanted side-effects. In this study, a gabapentin-salicylaldehyde derivative [gabapentsal (GPS)] was synthesized and evaluated to explore any potential benefit in comparison with GBP in a rat model of CIPN...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864331/fruit-vegetable-and-legume-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-and-deaths-in-18-countries-pure-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Victoria Miller, Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Xiaohe Zhang, Sumathi Swaminathan, Gilles Dagenais, Rajeev Gupta, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott Lear, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Aletta E Schutte, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Alvaro Avezum, Yuksel Altuntas, Khalid Yusoff, Noorhassim Ismail, Nasheeta Peer, Jephat Chifamba, Rafael Diaz, Omar Rahman, Noushin Mohammadifard, Fernando Lana, Katarzyna Zatonska, Andreas Wielgosz, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Romaina Iqbal, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Rasha Khatib, Annika Rosengren, V Raman Kutty, Wei Li, Jiankang Liu, Xiaoyun Liu, Lu Yin, Koon Teo, Sonia Anand, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. METHODS: We did a prospective cohort study (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology [PURE] in 135 335 individuals aged 35 to 70 years without cardiovascular disease from 613 communities in 18 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries in seven geographical regions: North America and Europe, South America, the Middle East, south Asia, China, southeast Asia, and Africa...
August 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861917/feto-and-utero-placental-vascular-adaptations-to-chronic-maternal-hypoxia-in-the-mouse
#14
Lindsay S Cahill, Monique Y Rennie, Johnathan Hoggarth, Lisa X Yu, Anum Rahman, John C Kingdom, Mike Seed, Christopher K Macgowan, John G Sled
The fetus and the placenta in eutherian mammals have a unique set of compensatory mechanisms to respond to several pregnancy complications including chronic maternal hypoxia. This study examined the structural adaptations of the feto- and utero-placental vasculature in an experimental mouse model of chronic maternal hypoxia (11% O2 from E14.5-E17.5). While placental weights were unaffected by exposure to chronic hypoxia, using micro-computed tomography, we found a 44% decrease in the absolute feto-placental arterial vascular volume and a 30% decrease in total vessel segments in the chronic hypoxia compared to control group...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858079/laparoscopic-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-5-year-veterans-affairs-review
#15
Rahman G Barry, Farzad A Amiri, Todd W Gress, D Blaine Nease, Timothy D Canterbury
The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in a VA population.SG has recently gained popularity as a definitive bariatric surgery procedure. Data are lacking on long-term outcomes, particularly in a Veterans Affairs population.We retrospectively reviewed 223 patients who underwent SG for morbid obesity between January 2009 and June 2014. Data on length of stay, complications, interval weight loss, comorbidities, and number of therapies preoperatively and at long-term follow-up were collected...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856540/liver-failure-determines-the-outcome-in-patients-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-aclf-comparison-of-apasl-aclf-research-consortium-aarc-and-clif-sofa-models
#16
A Choudhury, A Jindal, R Maiwall, M K Sharma, B C Sharma, V Pamecha, M Mahtab, S Rahman, Y K Chawla, S Taneja, S S Tan, H Devarbhavi, Z Duan, Chen Yu, Q Ning, Ji Dong Jia, D Amarapurkar, C E Eapen, A Goel, S S Hamid, A S Butt, W Jafri, D J Kim, H Ghazinian, G H Lee, Ajit Sood, L A Lesmana, Z Abbas, G Shiha, D A Payawal, A K Dokmeci, J D Sollano, G Carpio, G K Lau, F Karim, P N Rao, R Moreau, P Jain, P Bhatia, G Kumar, S K Sarin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a progressive disease associated with rapid clinical worsening and high mortality. Early prediction of mortality and intervention can improve patient outcomes. We aimed to develop a dynamic prognostic model and compare it with the existing models. METHODS: A total of 1402 ACLF patients, enrolled in the APASL-ACLF Research Consortium (AARC) with 90-day follow-up, were analyzed. An ACLF score was developed in a derivation cohort (n = 480) and was validated (n = 922)...
August 30, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852528/an-outline-of-anemia-among-adolescent-girls-in-bangladesh-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Fatema Tuz Jhohura, Fouzia Khanam, Fahmida Akter, Safayet Khan, Fakir Md Yunus, Md Belal Hossain, Kaosar Afsana, Md Raisul Haque, Mahfuzar Rahman
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a significant wide spread public health threat especially among the adolescent girls who are more vulnerable towards low level of hemoglobin particularly of low and middle income countries (LMICs). We investigated the prevalence of anemia among the adolescent girls (10-19 years) in Bangladesh and its socio-demographics distribution. METHODS: We collected data digitally in ODK platform from a sub-sample of a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 1314 adolescent girls in 2015...
2017: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840583/therapeutic-implications-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-in-patients-with-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-increased-survival-and-containment-of-liver-damage
#18
Biplob Kumar Saha, Mamun Al Mahtab, Sheikh Mohammad Fazle Akbar, Sheikh Mohammad Noor-E-Alam, Ayub Al Mamun, Sharker Mohammad Shahadat Hossain, Mohammad Ashraful Alam, Ahmed Lutful Moben, Faiz Ahmad Khondaker, Forhadul Islam Chowdhury, Ruksana Raihan, Salimur Rahman, Ashok Kumar Choudhury
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mobilization of bone marrow-derived stem cells by granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) supports hepatic regeneration and may augment clinical improvement in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). The aim of this study is to assess the impact of G-CSF on complications and transplant-free survival in patients with ACLF. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ACLF defined by Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) criteria were openly randomized to control (group A) or intervention (group B) receiving G-CSF (5 μg/kg/day, for 6 consecutive days) in addition to standard medical therapy with antiviral drugs...
August 24, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836990/wound-healing-effect-of-euphorbia-hirta-linn-euphorbiaceae-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#19
Riazul Haque Tuhin, Marium Begum, Sohanur Rahman, Rubaba Karim, Taslima Begum, Siraj Uddin Ahmed, Ronia Mostofa, Amir Hossain, Mohamed Abdel-Daim, Rayhana Begum
BACKGROUND: Euphorbia hirta linn., is a species of Euphorbiaceae family. They are known as asthma plant, barokhervi. The plant E. hirta is famous for its medicinal importance among the tribal population. It is a common practice to use the whole to heal wounds. Several pharmacological properties including antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antidibetic, antispasmodic, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anticonvulsant, nootropic, antifertility and aphrodisiac properties have already been reported for this plant...
August 24, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833117/an-evidence-based-forensic-taxonomy-of-windows-phone-communication-apps
#20
Niken Dwi Wahyu Cahyani, Ben Martini, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Nurul Hidayah Ab Rahman, Helen Ashman
Communication apps can be an important source of evidence in a forensic investigation (e.g., in the investigation of a drug trafficking or terrorism case where the communications apps were used by the accused persons during the transactions or planning activities). This study presents the first evidence-based forensic taxonomy of Windows Phone communication apps, using an existing two-dimensional Android forensic taxonomy as a baseline. Specifically, 30 Windows Phone communication apps, including Instant Messaging (IM) and Voice over IP (VoIP) apps, are examined...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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