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Narrative expression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338576/genetic-polymorphism-of-nucks1-is-associated-with-the-susceptibility-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#1
Leilei Xu, Chao Xia, Weixiang Sun, Xiaodong Qin, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: A genetic association study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether NUCKS1 is a susceptible gene of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in Chinese population and to further narrate its association with the clinical phenotypes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: AIS is characterized by late onset of menarche and disturbed growth rhythm. Previous studies showed that NUCKS1 is associated with age at menarche and pubertal height growth. METHODS: SNP rs951366 of NUCKS1 was genotyped in 972 patients and 1454 healthy controls...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329176/does-rare-vocabulary-use-distinguish-giftedness-from-typical-development-a-study-of-school-age-african-american-narrators
#2
Monique T Mills, Jamie Mahurin-Smith, Sara C Steele
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine rare vocabulary produced in the spoken narratives of school-age African American children. Method: Forty-three children from general and gifted classrooms produced 2 narratives: a personal story and a fictional story that was based on the wordless book Frog, Where Are You? (Mayer, 1969). The Wordlist for Expressive Rare Vocabulary Evaluation (Mahurin-Smith, DeThorne, & Petrill, 2015) was used to tally number and type of uncommon words produced in these narratives...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299563/the-importance-of-sex-and-the-meaning-of-sex-and-sexual-pleasure-for-men-aged-60-and-older-who-engage-in-heterosexual-relationships-findings-from-a-qualitative-interview-study
#3
Bianca Fileborn, Sharron Hinchliff, Anthony Lyons, Wendy Heywood, Victor Minichiello, Graham Brown, Sue Malta, Catherine Barrett, Pauline Crameri
That many older individuals continue to engage in various forms of sexual expression well into later life is now well established in the literature. To date, however, only a small body of qualitative research has examined older men's experiences and understandings of sex in later life. Likewise, the ways in which older men's discussions on sex may be used as an avenue for "doing" masculinity remain underexplored. Older men are particularly interesting in this regard, as they inhabit an increasingly subordinated position in relation to hegemonic masculine ideals because of their age...
March 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297729/the-role-of-abo-blood-type-in-thrombosis-scoring-systems
#4
Massimo Franchini, Giuseppe Marano, Stefania Vaglio, Liviana Catalano, Simonetta Pupella, Giancarlo Maria Liumbruno
In addition to their major role in transfusion medicine, there is increasing evidence that ABO blood group antigens (complex carbohydrate molecules widely expressed on the surface of red blood cells and several other cell types) are implicated in the development of a wide array of pathologic conditions. In particular, intense research has been dedicated over the last 50 years to the study of the association between non-O blood type and the risk of developing cardiovascular disorders. Several pathways have been hypothesized to explain this relationship, the most reasonable implying the influence of the ABO blood group on circulating plasma levels of von Willebrand factor, factor VIII, and several inflammatory cytokines...
March 15, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295821/economic-impact-of-medication-error-a-systematic-review
#5
Elaine K Walsh, Christina Raae Hansen, Laura J Sahm, Patricia M Kearney, Edel Doherty, Colin P Bradley
PURPOSE: Medication error is a significant source of morbidity and mortality among patients. Clinical and cost-effectiveness evidence are required for the implementation of quality of care interventions. Reduction of error-related cost is a key potential benefit of interventions addressing medication error. The aim of this review was to describe and quantify the economic burden associated with medication error. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, CINAHL, EconLit, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Complete were searched...
March 13, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295596/embedded-narratives-metabolic-disorders-and-pentecostal-conversion-in-samoa
#6
Jessica Hardin
Drawing from interviews and participant observation, this article explores the intersection of diagnosis of metabolic disorders and religious conversion among Pentecostal Christians in Samoa by analyzing what I call embedded narratives--conversion narratives embedded in illness narratives. Drawing from ethnographic data, I examine how using conversion narrative conventions enabled those living with metabolic disorders to narrate behavior change in a culturally and socially valorized way. By embedding their narratives, I suggest those living with metabolic disorders shifted the object of care from a disease process toward the creation of a religious life and in turn transformed the risks associated with metabolic disorders, including diet, exercise, and pharmaceutical use into moral risks associated with everyday religious life...
March 10, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292331/the-ghent-psychotherapy-study-gps-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-supportive-expressive-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-in-dependent-and-self-critical-depressive-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Reitske Meganck, Mattias Desmet, Claudi Bockting, Ruth Inslegers, Femke Truijens, Melissa De Smet, Rosa De Geest, Kimberly Van Nieuwenhove, Vicky Hennissen, Goedele Hermans, Tom Loeys, Ufuoma Angelica Norman, Chris Baeken, Stijn Vanheule
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disease burden worldwide, indicating the importance of effective therapies. Outcome studies have shown overall efficacy of different types of psychotherapy across groups, yet large variability within groups. Although patient characteristics are considered crucial in understanding outcome, they have received limited research attention. This trial aims at investigating the interaction between therapeutic approach (pre-structured versus explorative) and the personality style of patients (dependent versus self-critical), which is considered a core underlying dimension of depressive pathology...
March 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289563/persistent-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-exposed-to-the-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibitors-finasteride-or-dutasteride
#8
Tina Kiguradze, William H Temps, Paul R Yarnold, John Cashy, Robert E Brannigan, Beatrice Nardone, Giuseppe Micali, Dennis Paul West, Steven M Belknap
IMPORTANCE: Case reports describe persistent erectile dysfunction (PED) associated with exposure to 5α-reductase inhibitors (5α-RIs). Clinical trial reports and the manufacturers' full prescribing information (FPI) for finasteride and dutasteride state that risk of sexual adverse effects is not increased by longer duration of 5α-RI exposure and that sexual adverse effects of 5α-RIs resolve in men who discontinue exposure. OBJECTIVE: Our chief objective was to assess whether longer duration of 5α-RI exposure increases risk of PED, independent of age and other known risk factors...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285893/motor-and-verbal-perspective-taking-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-changes-in-social-interaction-with-people-and-tools
#9
Breanna E Studenka, Sandra L Gillam, Daphne Hartzheim, Ronald B Gillam
BACKGROUND: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulty communicating with others nonverbally, via mechanisms such as hand gestures, eye contact and facial expression. Individuals with ASD also have marked deficits in planning future actions (Hughes, 1996), which might contribute to impairments in non-verbal communication. Perspective taking is typically assessed using verbal scenarios whereby the participant imagines how an actor would interact in a social situation (e...
March 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281767/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-oros-sup-%C3%A2-sup-on-the-narrative-ability-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Tessa L Rausch, Diane L Kendall, Sara T Kover, Elizabeth M Louw, Ursula L Zsilavecz, Anita Van der Merwe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience difficulty with expressive language, including form (e.g. grammatical construction) and content (e.g. coherence). The current study aimed to investigate the effect of methylphenidate-Osmotic Release Oral System® (MPH-OROS®) on the narrative ability of children with ADHD and language impairment, through the analysis of microstructure and macrostructure narrative elements. METHOD: In a single group off-on medication test design, narratives were obtained from 12 children with ADHD, aged 7-13 years, using wordless picture books...
February 27, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279205/sharing-interim-trial-results-by-the-data-safety-monitoring-board-with-those-responsible-for-the-trial-s-conduct-and-progress-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Victoria Borg Debono, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: Sharing interim data, results or result extrapolations is an important issue that can affect trial integrity. The different ways in which Data Safety Monitoring Boards (DSMBs) share interim results with non-DSMB members and the acceptability of such practices are poorly understood. Our objective was to undertake a narrative review specifically on what kind of interim results, if any, should be shared by the DSMB with non-DSMB members and why. METHODS: We conducted a narrative review using a systematic search strategy of several databases and major health research stakeholders...
March 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274132/outcomes-of-music-therapy-interventions-on-symptom-management-in-palliative-medicine-patients
#12
Lisa M Gallagher, Ruth Lagman, Lisa Rybicki
PURPOSE: Evidence has demonstrated the positive effects of music therapy on symptom management for palliative medicine patients. Previous studies have addressed patient needs, with limited discussion involving the relationship between interventions utilized to improve symptoms. The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of music therapy sessions; identify common music therapy goals and interventions and assess their effect; and investigate the effects of gender, age, and type of cancer on symptoms in patients who experienced music therapy...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262086/interconnection-a-qualitative-analysis-of-adjusting-to-living-with-renal-cell-carcinoma
#13
Isabel Leal, Kathrin Milbury, Joan Engebretson, Surena Matin, Eric Jonasch, Nizar Tannir, Christopher G Wood, Lorenzo Cohen
OBJECTIVE: Adjusting to cancer is an ongoing process, yet few studies explore this adjustment from a qualitative perspective. The aim of our qualitative study was to understand how patients construct their experience of adjusting to living with cancer. METHOD: Qualitative analysis was conducted of written narratives collected from four separate writing sessions as part of a larger expressive writing clinical trial with renal cell carcinoma patients. Thematic analysis and constant comparison were employed to code the primary patterns in the data into themes until thematic saturation was reached at 37 participants...
March 6, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261051/the-life-span-model-of-suicide-and-its-neurobiological-foundation
#14
Birgit Ludwig, Bhaskar Roy, Qingzhong Wang, Badari Birur, Yogesh Dwivedi
The very incomprehensibility of the suicidal act has been occupying the minds of researchers and health professionals for a long time. Several theories of suicide have been proposed since the beginning of the past century, and a myriad of neurobiological studies have been conducted over the past two decades in order to elucidate its pathophysiology. Both neurobiology and psychological theories tend to work in parallel lines that need behavioral and empirical data respectively, to confirm their hypotheses. In this review, we are proposing a "Life Span Model of Suicide" with an attempt to integrate the "Stress-Diathesis Model" and the "Interpersonal Model of Suicide" into a neurobiological narrative and support it by providing a thorough compilation of related genetic, epigenetic, and gene expression findings...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253384/research-to-establish-the-validity-reliability-and-clinical-utility-of-a-comprehensive-language-assessment-of-mandarin
#15
Xueman Lucy Liu, Jill de Villiers, Chunyan Ning, Eric Rolfhus, Teresa Hutchings, Wendy Lee, Fan Jiang, Yi Wen Zhang
Purpose: With no existing gold standard for comparison, challenges arise for establishing the validity of a new standardized Mandarin language assessment normed in mainland China. Method: A new assessment, Diagnostic Receptive and Expressive Assessment of Mandarin (DREAM), was normed with a stratified sample of 969 children ages 2;6 (years;months) to 7;11 in multiple urban and nonurban regions in northern and southern China. In this study of 230 children, the sensitivity and specificity of DREAM were examined against an a priori judgment of disorders...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247208/unmasking-identity-dissonance-exploring-medical-students-professional-identity-formation-through-mask-making
#16
Kimera Joseph, Karlen Bader, Sara Wilson, Melissa Walker, Mark Stephens, Lara Varpio
PURPOSE: Professional identity formation is an on-going, integrative process underlying trainees' experiences of medical education. Since each medical student's professional identity formation process is an individual, internal, and often times emotionally charged unconscious experience, it can be difficult for educators to understand each student's unique experience. We investigate if mask making can provide learners and educators the opportunity to explore medical students' professional identity formation experiences...
February 28, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244065/breastfeeding-education-and-support-for-women-with-twins-or-higher-order-multiples
#17
REVIEW
Heather M Whitford, Selina K Wallis, Therese Dowswell, Helen M West, Mary J Renfrew
BACKGROUND: There are rising rates of multiple births worldwide with associated higher rates of complications and more hospital care, often due to prematurity. While there is strong evidence about the risks of not breastfeeding, rates of breastfeeding in women who have given birth to more than one infant are lower than with singleton births. Breastfeeding more than one infant can be more challenging because of difficulties associated with the birth or prematurity. The extra demands on the mother of frequent suckling, coordinating the needs of more than one infant or admission to the neonatal intensive care unit can lead to delayed initiation or early cessation...
February 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240094/what-nursing-students-reveal-about-and-learn-from-mentors-when-using-stories-of-clinical-practice
#18
Sharon Edwards
Aim This article considers findings from a narrative research analysis that illustrate what nursing students can reveal about being mentored through their stories of clinical practice experience. The aim is to advocate the use of stories as tools to assist mentors in their roles, and to express to them students' concerns, sensitivities and priorities about clinical placement experiences. The findings are extracted from the author's unpublished doctoral thesis Learning from Practice: The Value of Story in Nurse Education ( Edwards 2013 )...
February 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226302/towards-a-theoretical-model-on-medicines-as-a-health-need
#19
Claudia Marcela Vargas-Peláez, Luciano Soares, Marina Raijche Mattozo Rover, Carine Raquel Blatt, Aukje Mantel-Teeuwisse, Francisco Augusto Rossi Buenaventura, Luis Guillermo Restrepo, María Cristina Latorre, José Julián López, María Teresa Bürgin, Consuelo Silva, Silvana Nair Leite, Farias Mareni Rocha
Medicines are considered one of the main tools of western medicine to resolve health problems. Currently, medicines represent an important share of the countries' healthcare budget. In the Latin America region, access to essential medicines is still a challenge, although countries have established some measures in the last years in order to guarantee equitable access to medicines. A theoretical model is proposed for analysing the social, political, and economic factors that modulate the role of medicines as a health need and their influence on the accessibility and access to medicines...
February 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215758/living-autobiographically-concepts-of-aging-and-artistic-expression-in-painting-and-modern-dance
#20
Mita Banerjee, Anita Wohlmann, Ralf Dahm
This article discusses the ways in which artists have incorporated or failed to incorporate the aging process of their bodies into their art. Using Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov and the French painter Claude Monet as cases in point, we explore situations in which physical changes brought about by aging compromises artists' ability to engage with their artistic medium. Connecting Monet's oeuvre and Baryshnikov's dance performances to life writing accounts, we draw on John Paul Eakin's concept of "living autobiographically": In this vein, life writing research does not only have to take into account concepts of identity as they emerge from life writing narratives, but it also needs to explore the somatic, corporeal and material dimensions of these narratives...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
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