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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922828/telling-stories-about-post-war-britain-popular-individualism-and-the-crisis-of-the-1970s
#1
Emily Robinson, Camilla Schofield, Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite, Natalie Thomlinson
This article argues that, by the 1970s, people in Britain were increasingly insistent about defining and claiming their individual rights, identities and perspectives. Using individual narratives and testimonies, we show that many were expressing desires for greater personal autonomy and self-determination. We suggest that this was an important trend across the post-war decades, and of particular importance to understanding the 1970s. This popular individualism was not the result of Thatcher; if anything, it was a cause of Thatcherism...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918100/transcriptomic-and-epigenomic-biomarkers-of-antidepressant-response
#2
REVIEW
Raoul Belzeaux, Rixing Lin, Chelsey Ju, Marc-Aurele Chay, Laura M Fiori, Pierre-Eric Lutz, Gustavo Turecki
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant treatment is associated with a high rate of poor response, and thus, biomarker development is warranted. METHODS: We aimed to synthesize studies investigating gene expression, small RNAs, and epigenomic biomarkers of antidepressant response. We conducted a narrative review of the literature. RESULTS: Firstly, we detailed the challenges involved, in terms of biological tissues, relevant study time frames, and mandatory statistical tools...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915993/marching-to-a-different-drummer-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-young-adolescents-who-challenge-gender-norms
#3
Chunyan Yu, Xiayun Zuo, Robert W Blum, Deborah L Tolman, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Sharmistha Basu, Rajib Acharya, Qiguo Lian, Chaohua Lou
PURPOSE: Little is known about how gender norms regulate adolescents' lives across different cultural settings. This study aims to illustrate what is considered as violating gender norms for boys and girls in four urban poor sites as well as the consequences that follow the challenging of gender norms. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study, a 15-country collaboration to explore gender norms and health in early adolescence. The current study analyzed narrative and in-depth interviews conducted in urban poor sites in two middle-income (Shanghai, China; and New Delhi, India) and two high-income countries (Baltimore, U...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913827/when-more-is-less-an-exploratory-study-of-the-precautionary-reporting-bias-and-its-impact-on-safety-signal-detection
#4
Kevin Klein, Joep Hg Scholl, Marie L De Bruin, Eugène P van Puijenbroek, Hubert Gm Leufkens, Pieter Stolk
Concerns have been expressed that large numbers of non-value added reports have been accumulating in ADR databases, for example via patient support programs. We performed an assessment of the impact of such reports, to which we refer to as 'precautionary reports', on safety signal detection in the Netherlands. The case narratives of ADR reports of three case products were screened with text-mining algorithms to identify those reports that lack a causal relationship with the suspected medicinal product. We demonstrate that precautionary reports impede the optimal use of the pharmacovigilance system by, on the one hand, masking safety signals and, on the other hand, creating spurious signals...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905358/prognosis-communication-in-late-life-disability-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Theresa W Wong, Sean Lang-Brown, Rafael D Romo, Alvin Au-Yeung, Sei J Lee, Patricia J Moran, Jason Karlawish, Rebecca Sudore, Josephine Clayton, Alexander K Smith
IMPORTANCE: Long-term prognosis informs clinical and personal decisions for older adults with late-life disability. However, many clinicians worry that telling patients their prognosis may cause harm. OBJECTIVE: To explore the safety of and reactions to prognosis communication in late-life disability. DESIGN: Participants estimated their own life expectancy and were then presented their calculated life expectancy using a validated prognostic index...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899448/is-it-possible-to-register-the-ideas-concerns-and-expectations-behind-the-reason-for-encounter-as-a-means-of-classifying-patient-preferences-with-icpc-2
#6
Diego Schrans, Pauline Boeckxstaens, An De Sutter, Sara Willems, Dirk Avonts, Thierry Christiaens, Jan Matthys, Thomas Kühlein
BACKGROUND: Family practice aims to recognize the health problems and needs expressed by the person rather than only focusing on the disease. Documenting person-related information will facilitate both the understanding and delivery of person-focused care. Aim To explore if the patients' ideas, concerns and expectations (ICE) behind the reason for encounter (RFE) can be coded with the International Classification of Primary Care, version 2 (ICPC-2) and what kinds of codes are missing to be able to do so...
September 13, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899139/moving-from-within-the-maternal-the-choreography-of-analytic-eroticism
#7
Dianne Elise
With Kristeva's concept of maternal eroticism (2014) as starting point, the "multiverse" of mother/child erotic sensibilities-the dance of the semiotic chora-is explored and a parallel engagement proposed within the analytic dyad. The dance of psychoanalysis is not the creative product of the patient's mind alone. Clinical work invites, requires, a choreographic engagement by the clinician in interplay with the patient. The clinician's analytic activity is thus akin to choreography: the structuring of a dance, or of a session, expresses an inner impulse brought into narrative form...
February 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874098/personal-support-and-expressions-of-care-for-pregnant-women-in-soweto-south-africa
#8
Langelihle Mlotshwa, Lenore Manderson, Sonja Merten
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is life changing, making great demands on women to adapt physically, psychologically, and socially. Social relationships and the support that flow from these provide a critical role in managing health problems in pregnancy. Isolation and lack of care, in contrast, may lead women to experience increased distress during this time. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore South African women's perception and experience of care and support in pregnancy...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857758/greater-metacognition-and-lower-fear-of-negative-evaluation-potential-factors-contributing-to-improved-stigma-resistance-among-individuals-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia
#9
Ruth L Firmin, Lauren Luther, Michelle P Salyers, Kelly D Buck, Paul H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Stigma resistance, one's ability to block the internalization of stigma, appears to be a key domain of recovery. However, the conditions in which one is most likely to resist stigma have not been identified, and models of stigma resistance have yet to incorporate one's ability to consider the mind of others. The present study investigated the impact of the interaction between metacognition, or one's ability to form an integrated representation of oneself, others, and the world, and fear of negative evaluation on one's ability to resist stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843043/parents-traces-in-life-when-and-how-parents-are-presented-in-spontaneous-life-narratives
#10
Christin Köber, Tilmann Habermas
OBJECTIVE: Although parents are acknowledged to be a part of their children's personality and narrative identity and to remain important across the lifespan, narrative personality research has not yet explored the spontaneous presentation of parents in life stories. Therefore this study examined longitudinally the place given to parents when crafting one's life narrative and how this changes with age. Furthermore, in contrast to prior studies, we focused on spontaneous mentions of parents...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835174/personal-identity-narratives-of-therapeutic-songwriting-participants-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-series-analysis
#11
Chantal Roddy, Nikki Rickard, Jeanette Tamplin, Felicity Anne Baker
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) patients face unique identity challenges associated with physical limitations, higher comorbid depression, increased suicidality and reduced subjective well-being. Post-injury identity is often unaddressed in subacute rehabilitation environments where critical physical and functional rehabilitation goals are prioritized. Therapeutic songwriting has demonstrated prior efficacy in promoting healthy adjustment and as a means of expression for post-injury narratives...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818118/effects-of-age-and-stimulus-material-on-character-introductions-of-swedish-speaking-four-to-six-year-olds
#12
Josefin Lindgren
This study investigates effects of age on character introductions in the oral narratives of seventy-two monolingual Swedish-speaking four- to six-year-olds, comparing results from the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN; Gagarina et al., 2012, 2015), and the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI; Schneider et al., 2005). The proportion of appropriate referring expressions for introducing story characters clearly increases from age four to six. However, the children's performance is strongly stimulus-dependent...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815488/exploring-vaccine-hesitancy-through-an-artist-scientist-collaboration-visualizing-vaccine-critical-parents-health-beliefs
#13
Kaisu Koski, Johan Holst
This project explores vaccine hesitancy through an artist-scientist collaboration. It aims to create better understanding of vaccine hesitant parents' health beliefs and how these influence their vaccine-critical decisions. The project interviews vaccine-hesitant parents in the Netherlands and Finland and develops experimental visual-narrative means to analyse the interview data. Vaccine-hesitant parents' health beliefs are, in this study, expressed through stories, and they are paralleled with so-called illness narratives...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803259/opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-immunological-therapy-of-pediatric-malignancy-a-concise-snapshot
#14
REVIEW
Francesco Ceppi, Maja Beck-Popovic, Jean-Pierre Bourquin, Raffaele Renella
Over the last 50 years, collaborative clinical trials have reduced the number of children dying from pediatric cancer significantly. Unfortunately, certain tumor types have remained resistant to conventional surgical, radiotherapy and chemotherapy combinations, and relapsing and/or refractory disease remains associated with dismal outcomes. Recently, renewed attention has been given to the role for immunotherapies in pediatric oncology. In fact, these combine several attractive features, including (but possibly not limited to) the specificity for cancer cells, potentially in vivo persistence and longevity, and potency against refractory disease...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789595/personal-narrative-approaches-in-rehabilitation-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#15
Kate D'Cruz, Jacinta Douglas, Tanya Serry
Although narrative storytelling has been found to assist identity construction, there is little direct research regarding its application in rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this review was to identify published evidence on the use of personal narrative approaches in rehabilitation following TBI and to synthesise the findings across this literature. A systematic search of four databases was conducted in December 2016. No limit was set on the start date of the search. Personal narrative approaches were defined as direct client participation in sharing personal stories using written, spoken or visual methods...
August 9, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777998/is-faculty-practice-valuable-the-experience-of-western-australian-nursing-and-midwifery-academics-undertaking-faculty-clinical-practice-a-discussion-paper
#16
Amanda C Fowler, Melanie Baker, Sadie Geraghty
The faculty clinical practice model provides dedicated time for nursing lecturers and educators in a university school of nursing to work with supervision in the clinical environments for an agreed amount of time each year. Allowing academics to partake in faculty clinical practice this way has been shown to update skills and retain clinical competency. Some nursing and midwifery academics believe it is essential to remain clinically current and up-to-date with professional issues in the clinical environments, whereas other academics believe reading current research maintains clinical competency...
July 27, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775188/telehealth-and-patient-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-analysis
#17
Clemens Scott Kruse, Nicole Krowski, Blanca Rodriguez, Lan Tran, Jackeline Vela, Matthew Brooks
BACKGROUND: The use of telehealth steadily increases as it has become a viable modality to patient care. Early adopters attempt to use telehealth to deliver high-quality care. Patient satisfaction is a key indicator of how well the telemedicine modality met patient expectations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and narrative analysis is to explore the association of telehealth and patient satisfaction in regards to effectiveness and efficiency...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769992/salivary-proline-rich-protein-may-reduce-tannin-iron-chelation-a-systematic-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Nicole M Delimont, Sara K Rosenkranz, Mark D Haub, Brian L Lindshield
BACKGROUND: Tannins are often cited for antinutritional effects, including chelation of non-heme iron. Despite this, studies exploring non-heme iron bioavailability inhibition with long-term consumption have reported mixed results. Salivary proline-rich proteins (PRPs) may mediate tannin-antinutritional effects on non-heme iron bioavailability. AIM: To review evidence regarding biochemical binding mechanisms and affinity states between PRPs and tannins, as well as effects of PRPs on non-heme iron bioavailability with tannin consumption in vivo...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767007/-i-am-not-a-friend-to-men-embodiment-and-desire-in-magnus-hirschfeld-s-transvestites-case-studies
#19
Emma Heaney
This article reads sexological case studies of the fin-de siècle that contain accounts of trans women's lives in the period. It argues that these sources contradict the diagnostic criteria that doctors determine as the factors that define trans feminine identity in the period: desire for men, social isolation, and tortured bodily dissatisfaction. Chief among these contradictions is the prevalence of the expression of trans women's desire for women and easy participation in women's social and kinship networks...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761061/tepapa-a-novel-in-silico-feature-learning-pipeline-for-mining-prognostic-and-associative-factors-from-text-based-electronic-medical-records
#20
Frank Po-Yen Lin, Adrian Pokorny, Christina Teng, Richard J Epstein
Vast amounts of clinically relevant text-based variables lie undiscovered and unexploited in electronic medical records (EMR). To exploit this untapped resource, and thus facilitate the discovery of informative covariates from unstructured clinical narratives, we have built a novel computational pipeline termed Text-based Exploratory Pattern Analyser for Prognosticator and Associator discovery (TEPAPA). This pipeline combines semantic-free natural language processing (NLP), regular expression induction, and statistical association testing to identify conserved text patterns associated with outcome variables of clinical interest...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
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