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Narrative expression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726028/should-we-all-be-scientists-re-thinking-laboratory-research-as-a-calling
#1
Louise Bezuidenhout, Nathaniel A Warne
In recent years there have been major shifts in how the role of science-and scientists-are understood. The critical examination of scientific expertise within the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS) are increasingly eroding notions of the "otherness" of scientists. It would seem to suggest that anyone can be a scientist-when provided with the appropriate training and access to data. In contrast, however, ethnographic evidence from the scientific community tells a different story. Scientists are quick to recognize that not everyone can-or should-be a scientist...
July 19, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725290/the-discovery-of-the-flammer-syndrome-a-historical-and-personal-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Josef Flammer, Katarzyna Konieczka
This review describes the clinical and basic research that led to the description of Flammer syndrome. It is narrated from a personal perspective. This research was initiated by the observation of an increased long-term fluctuation of visual fields in a subgroup of glaucoma patients. As these patients had strikingly cold hands, peripheral blood flow was tested with a capillary microscopy, and vasospastic syndrome (VS) was diagnosed. Further studies on these patients revealed frequently weakened autoregulation of ocular blood flow and increased flow resistivity in retroocular vessels...
June 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724145/tense-marking-in-the-english-narrative-retells-of-dual-language-preschoolers
#3
Svenja Gusewski, Raúl Rojas
Purpose: This longitudinal study investigated the emergence of English tense marking in young (Spanish-English) dual language learners (DLLs) over 4 consecutive academic semesters, addressing the need for longitudinal data on typical acquisition trajectories of English in DLL preschoolers. Method: Language sample analysis was conducted on 139 English narrative retells elicited from 39 preschool-age (Spanish-English) DLLs (range = 39-65 months). Growth curve models captured within- and between-individual change in tense-marking accuracy over time...
July 19, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723588/shared-decision-making-with-parents-of-acutely-ill-children-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Paul L Aronson, Eugene D Shapiro, Linda M Niccolai, Liana Fraenkel
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) has mostly been used with adults and parents in the primary care setting, and there is limited knowledge on the use of SDM with parents of acutely ill children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on SDM with parents in the management of acutely ill children. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov for English language studies published from the time of database inception to February, 2017...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693527/social-workers-involvement-in-advance-care-planning-a-systematic-narrative-review
#5
Chong-Wen Wang, Cecilia L W Chan, Amy Y M Chow
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning is a process of discussion that enables competent adults to express their wishes about end-of-life care through periods of decisional incapacity. Although a number of studies have documented social workers' attitudes toward, knowledge about, and involvement in advance care planning, the information is fragmented. The purpose of this review was to provide a narrative synthesis of evidence on social workers' perspectives and experiences regarding implementation of advance care planning...
July 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688334/-behind-closed-doors-with-open-minds-a-qualitative-study-exploring-nursing-home-staff-s-narratives-towards-their-roles-and-duties-within-the-context-of-sexuality-in-dementia
#6
T Vandrevala, T Chrysanthaki, E Ogundipe
BACKGROUND: Despite sexual expression being recognised as a fundamental human need, sexuality in old age is often ignored and frequently misunderstood, with residents with dementia in a nursing home often viewed as asexual or incapable of being sexually active. OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to understand the views held by nursing care home staff towards dementia and sexuality and explore the roles they may adopt whilst responding and managing sexual needs and expression for residents with dementia...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681485/unlocking-stories-older-women-s-experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence-told-through-creative-expression
#7
Julie McGarry, Dawn Bowden
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) exerts a detrimental impact on the lives and health of all who experience abuse. This includes both physical and mental health and wellbeing. The experiences of older women however may be different and these differences may not be recognised or accounted for within existing care provision. AIM: To explore the impact of IPV on the lives and health of older women told from the particular perspective of older women themselves as these accounts are largely absence from existing IPV discourse...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679000/english-verb-accuracy-of-bilingual-cantonese-english-preschoolers
#8
Stefano Rezzonico, Ahuva Goldberg, Trelani Milburn, Adriana Belletti, Luigi Girolametto
Purpose: Knowledge of verb development in typically developing bilingual preschoolers may inform clinicians about verb accuracy rates during the 1st 2 years of English instruction. This study aimed to investigate tensed verb accuracy in 2 assessment contexts in 4- and 5-year-old Cantonese-English bilingual preschoolers. Method: The sample included 47 Cantonese-English bilinguals enrolled in English preschools. Half of the children were in their 1st 4 months of English language exposure, and half had completed 1 year and 4 months of exposure to English...
July 5, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669013/narrative-medicine-perspectives-on-patient-identity-and-integrative-care-in-neuro-oncology
#9
Robert B Slocum, Tracy A Howard, John L Villano
Narrative Medicine sessions can encourage patients to rediscover personal identity and meaning by telling or writing their stories. We explored this process to improve care and quality of life for brain cancer patients in an academic neuro-oncology program. Brain cancer and its treatments may threaten a patient's quality of life and sense of self in many ways, including impaired cognitive skills, loss of memory, reduced coordination, and limited capacity for self-expression. The impact of symptoms and side effects on quality of life must be evaluated in terms of each patient's identity and may be understood in terms of each patient's story...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668642/thank-you-letters-from-patients-in-an-intensive-care-unit-from-the-expression-of-gratitude-to-an-applied-ethic-of-care
#10
Alexandre Herbland, Michel Goldberg, Nathalie Garric, Olivier Lesieur
INTRODUCTION: Patients' perception of an intensive care unit stay can lead to a better understanding of the expectations and needs of patients hospitalised in intensive care so that care for critically ill patients can be adapted and improved. Thank you letters are sources of original information which come directly and spontaneously from patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyse the thank you letters from patients who required intensive care treatment and to identify messages that could be intended for the intensive care unit team...
June 28, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659779/temporality-of-features-in-near-death-experience-narratives
#11
Charlotte Martial, Héléna Cassol, Georgios Antonopoulos, Thomas Charlier, Julien Heros, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Steven Laureys
Background: After an occurrence of a Near-Death Experience (NDE), Near-Death Experiencers (NDErs) usually report extremely rich and detailed narratives. Phenomenologically, a NDE can be described as a set of distinguishable features. Some authors have proposed regular patterns of NDEs, however, the actual temporality sequence of NDE core features remains a little explored area. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency distribution of these features (globally and according to the position of features in narratives) as well as the most frequently reported temporality sequences of features...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653106/from-will-to-live-to-will-to-die-oncologists-nurses-and-social-workers-identification-of-suicidality-in-cancer-patients
#12
Leeat Granek, Ora Nakash, Samuel Ariad, Wendy Chen, Shira Birenstock-Cohen, Shahar Shapira, Merav Ben-David
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to examine how oncologists, nurses, and social workers identify suicidality in cancer patients. METHODS: Sixty-one healthcare professionals (23 oncologists, 18 social workers, and 20 nurses) at two academic cancer centers were interviewed using an in-depth interview guide. This was a qualitative study based on grounded theory methodology. Analysis involved line-by-line coding, with categories and themes emerging from participants' narratives...
June 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650225/men-s-perceptions-of-treatment-as-prevention-in-south-africa-implications-for-engagement-in-hiv-care-and-treatment
#13
Alyssa C Mooney, Ann Gottert, Nomhle Khoza, Dumisani Rebombo, Jennifer Hove, Aimée Julien Suárez, Rhian Twine, Catherine MacPhail, Sarah Treves-Kagan, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A Lippman
While South Africa provides universal access to treatment, HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake remains low, particularly among men. Little is known about community awareness of the effects of treatment on preventing transmission, and how this information might impact HIV service utilization. This qualitative study explored understandings of treatment as prevention (TasP) among rural South African men. Narratives emphasized the know value of ART for individual health, but none were aware of its preventive effects...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649753/-for-our-garden-of-remembrance-is-somewhere-else-narratives-of-separation-through-the-eyes-of-freud-s-patients
#14
Anat Tzur Mahalel
This article presents a unique collection of narratives of separation - unique because the separation here is from psychoanalysis and from Freud as analyst. These narratives were published as part of memoirs written about Freud by three of his patients. Their narratives of separation give us an innovative point of view on the psychoanalytic process, in particular with respect to the importance they place on the termination phase of the analysis at a time when Freud himself had not given it much consideration...
June 25, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645491/systematic-review-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-urological-cancers
#15
REVIEW
Maud Rijnders, Ronald de Wit, Joost L Boormans, Martijn P J Lolkema, Astrid A M van der Veldt
CONTEXT: In patients with advanced and metastatic urological cancers, clinical outcome may be improved by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). OBJECTIVE: To systematically review relevant literature on efficacy and safety of ICIs in patients with advanced and metastatic urothelial cell cancer (UCC), renal cell cancer (RCC), and prostate cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant databases, including Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, were searched up to March 16, 2017...
June 20, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#16
Rachel Kronick, Cécile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638330/flat-vs-expressive-storytelling-young-children-s-learning-and-retention-of-a-social-robot-s-narrative
#17
Jacqueline M Kory Westlund, Sooyeon Jeong, Hae W Park, Samuel Ronfard, Aradhana Adhikari, Paul L Harris, David DeSteno, Cynthia L Breazeal
Prior research with preschool children has established that dialogic or active book reading is an effective method for expanding young children's vocabulary. In this exploratory study, we asked whether similar benefits are observed when a robot engages in dialogic reading with preschoolers. Given the established effectiveness of active reading, we also asked whether this effectiveness was critically dependent on the expressive characteristics of the robot. For approximately half the children, the robot's active reading was expressive; the robot's voice included a wide range of intonation and emotion (Expressive)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#18
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628523/effectiveness-of-surgery-for-adults-with-hallux-valgus-deformity-a-systematic-review
#19
Jitka Klugarova, Victoria Hood, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Miloslav Klugar, Jana Mareckova, Zuzana Kelnarova
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus (HV) is a common foot deformity. In severe stages of this condition, surgery is often necessary. Currently, there is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of surgery over conservative treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to establish the effectiveness of surgery compared to conservatory management for adults with HV. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included adults (18 years or over) with HV deformity, excluding adults with neurological problems causing foot deformities, for example, cerebral palsy, neuropathy, stroke and multiple sclerosis...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619126/health-and-wellbeing-outcomes-of-programs-for-indigenous-australians-that-include-strategies-to-enable-the-expression-of-cultural-identities-a-systematic-review
#20
Sarah MacLean, Rebecca Ritte, Alister Thorpe, Shaun Ewen, Kerry Arabena
Indigenous people have long maintained that strong cultural identities are critical to health and wellbeing. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine whether interventions that entail strategies to enable expression of cultural identities for Australian Indigenous peoples are associated with measurable improvements in health and wellbeing. Peer-reviewed articles that reported quantitatively expressed health and wellbeing outcomes involving Indigenous Australian participants only were included. The cultural intervention component was defined and assessed by Indigenous researchers on the team...
June 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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