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Narrative expression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913558/providing-additional-information-about-the-benefits-of-statins-in-a-leaflet-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-on-attitudes-and-beliefs
#1
Rebecca Dickinson, David K Raynor, Peter Knapp, Jan MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of providing additional information about the potential benefits of simvastatin in a patient leaflet on attitudes and beliefs. DESIGN: Interview-based study using a generic qualitative approach and framework analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 21 participants receiving a prescription for simvastatin were recruited from a general practitioner practice (from a total of 120). 8 participants were women; the age range was 55-92...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899410/-repeat-abortion-a-phrase-to-be-avoided-qualitative-insights-into-labelling-and-stigma
#2
Lesley Hoggart, Victoria Louise Newton, Louise Bury
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been growing international interest in identifying risk factors associated with 'repeat abortion', and developing public health initiatives that might reduce the rate. This article draws on a research study looking at young women's abortion experience in England and Wales. The study was commissioned with a specific focus on women who had undergone more than one abortion. We examine what may influence women's post-abortion reproductive behaviour, in addition to exploring abortion-related stigma, in the light of participants' own narratives...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896805/key-elements-of-a-family-intervention-for-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-an-rct
#3
Jaime Grácio, Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Julian Leff
Schizophrenia is a complex biopsychosocial condition in which expressed emotion in family members is a robust predictor of relapse. Not surprisingly, family interventions are remarkably effective and thus recommended in current treatment guidelines. Their key elements seem to be common therapeutic factors, followed by education and coping skills training. However, few studies have explored these key elements and the process of the intervention itself. We conducted a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the records from a pioneering family intervention trial addressing expressed emotion, published by Leff and colleagues four decades ago...
November 29, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893232/narrative-production-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-and-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-similarities-and-differences
#4
Sanne J M Kuijper, Catharina A Hartman, Suzanne T M Bogaerds-Hazenberg, Petra Hendriks
The present study focuses on the similarities and differences in language production between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In addition, we investigated whether Theory of Mind (ToM), working memory, and response inhibition are associated with language production. Narratives, produced by 106 Dutch-speaking children (36 with ASD, 34 with ADHD, and 36 typically developing) aged 6 to 12 during ADOS assessment, were examined on several linguistic measures: verbal productivity, speech fluency, syntactic complexity, lexical semantics, and discourse pragmatics...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883878/effect-of-the-postpartum-hospital-environment-on-the-attainment-of-mothers-and-fathers-goals
#5
Jenny Gaboury, Shalisa Capaday, Jennifer Somera, Margaret Purden
OBJECTIVE: To describe mothers' and fathers' goals in the postpartum period and how the hospital environment enables or hinders the attainment of these goals. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design was used to explore participants' perceptions. SETTING: Mothers and fathers were recruited on the postpartum unit of an urban hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ten mothers and eight fathers participated. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with mothers and fathers individually...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879342/tenacious-assumptions-of-person-centred-care-exploring-tensions-and-variations-in-practice
#6
Öncel Naldemirci, Doris Lydahl, Nicky Britten, Mark Elam, Lucy Moore, Axel Wolf
In recent decades, the 'tenacious assumptions' of biomedicine regarding the neutrality and universality of its knowledge claims have been significantly challenged by the growth of new collaborative and patient-focused models of Healthcare delivery. In this article, we discuss and critically reflect upon one such alternative Healthcare model developed at the University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care in Sweden. This centre uses three clinical routines of narrative, partnership and documentation to provide Healthcare to people recognized as unique individuals rather than patients...
November 22, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877153/computational-psychometrics-meets-hollywood-the-complexity-in-emotional-storytelling
#7
Pietro Cipresso, Giuseppe Riva
Expressions of emotions are pervasive in media, especially in movies. In this article, we focus on the emotional relationships of movie characters in narrative thought and emotional storytelling. Several studies examine emotion elicitation through movies, but there is a gap in scientific literature and in the practice to quantitatively consider emotions among the characters of a movie story, which in turn provide the basis of spectator emotion elicitation. Some might argument that the ultimate purpose of a movie is to elicit emotions in the viewers; however, we are highlighting that the path to emotional stimulation entails emotions among the characters composing a narrative and manipulating to enable the effective elicitation of viewers' emotions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864498/exploring-female-sexuality-embracing-the-whole-narrative
#8
Tanya M Bass
Sexuality is inseparable from sexual health and can refer to sex, gender identities, orientation, pleasure, intimacy, expression, and reproduction. While each element of human sexuality is important, all of these components interconnect to make us complete sexual beings. Educators and other human service providers thus require professional preparation to ensure they can meet the needs of their learners, effectively manage programming, and successfully implement strategies that allow individuals to embrace or manage their sexual existence...
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863577/us-military-nurses-serving-within-the-chaos-of-disaster
#9
REVIEW
Felecia M Rivers
The purpose of this article is to share US military nurses' experiences of responding to disasters. Using phenomenology, 23 participants serving as US military nurses from different service branches and the US Public Health Service volunteered for a single face-to-face interview. Five polar themes plus one final theme emerged from the narratives. Nurses expressed a sense of loss, reshaping of thoughts regarding disasters, and new appreciation of how people's lives are totally disrupted. Findings showed a need for change in nursing education, practice, training, policy, and recommendations for higher education and how the military may better educate its personnel...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854227/do-psychosocial-interventions-improve-quality-of-life-and-wellbeing-in-adults-with-neuromuscular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#10
Elaine Walklet, Kate Muse, Jane Meyrick, Tim Moss
Quality of life and well-being are frequently restricted in adults with neuromuscular disorders. As such, identification of appropriate interventions is imperative. The objective of this paper was to systematically review and critically appraise quantitative studies (RCTs, controlled trials and cohort studies) of psychosocial interventions designed to improve quality of life and well-being in adults with neuromuscular disorders. A systematic review of the published and unpublished literature was conducted. Studies meeting inclusion criteria were appraised using a validated quality assessment tool and results presented in a narrative synthesis...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837404/the-biology-of-addiction
#11
Brent MacNicol
In this narrative review, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying substance abuse and addiction are discussed with a particular emphasis on the mechanisms that promote ongoing use and relapse. Addiction is estimated to affect 10-15% or more of the adult population, including physicians. Genetic predisposition, psychological and environmental risk factors, the timing of exposure to the substance, the type of substance used, and the frequency of use influence the individual's susceptibility to addiction. Abused substances act on the brain's reward system, a neural circuit that produces pleasurable feelings in response to stimuli that promote survival, thereby modifying future behavior to seek out similar stimuli...
November 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834118/challenging-hiv-vulnerability-discourse-the-case-of-professional-and-entrepreneurial-women-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#12
Neema William Jangu, Ailie Tam, Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale
A poverty-HIV narrative has dominated many HIV prevention strategies in Africa despite epidemiological data showing higher prevalence of infection among educated and wealthier women in several African countries. This paper examines the perspectives of professional and entrepreneurial women on HIV risk and vulnerability based on their knowledge and lived experiences, comparing this to the HIV discourse evident in five strategic documents that shape intervention in Tanzania. The purpose is to uncover the confluence and dissonance between the discourses of government and those of professional women themselves...
November 11, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833774/rational-suicide-euthanasia-and-the-very-old-two-case-reports
#13
Anne Pamela Frances Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Carolyn Jones, Henry Brodaty
Suicide amongst the very old is an important public health issue. Little is known about why older people may express a wish to die or request euthanasia and how such thoughts may intersect with suicide attempts. Palliative care models promote best care as holistic and relieving suffering without hastening death in severely ill patients; but what of those old people who are tired of living and may have chronic symptoms, disability, and reduced quality of life? Two cases of older people who attempted suicide but expressed a preference for euthanasia were it legal are presented in order to illustrate the complexity underlying such requests...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816800/interventions-that-target-improvements-in-mental-health-for-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Nikko S Da Paz, Jan L Wallander
Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) suggest that one in 68 children is affected. With convincing evidence that parenting a child with ASD is associated with elevated distress and mental health problems, researchers have begun to investigate treatments that directly target parents' psychological well-being. We conducted a narrative review of studies that empirically tested the effects of interventions targeting improvements in the mental health of parents of children with ASD. Following a range of search strategies, a total of 13 studies, seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and six pre-post test designs, met inclusion criteria...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808445/chemokines-and-inflammation-in-osteoarthritis-insights-from-patients-and-animal-models
#15
REVIEW
Carla R Scanzello
Evidence has been building that the pathologic drive for development of osteoarthritis (OA) involves more than simple mechanical "wear and tear." Inflammatory mechanisms play an important role in the tissue response to joint injury, and are involved in development of post-traumatic OA. Inflammation also appears integral to the progression of OA, whether post-traumatic or spontaneous, contributing to the evolution of joint tissue degradation and remodeling as well as joint pain. Both patient-based studies and in vivo models of disease have shed light on a number of inflammatory pathways and mediators that impact various aspects of this disease, both structurally and symptomatically...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804008/detecting-incipient-schizophrenia-a-validation-of-the-azima-battery-in-first-episode-psychosis
#16
Hiba Zafran, Barbara Mazer, Beverlea Tallant, Gevorg Chilingaryan, Isabelle Gelinas
Early psychosis intervention aims to accurately detect adolescents and young adults at risk for major mental disorders, particularly schizophrenia, yet early biomedical diagnostic accuracy remains poor. However, phenomenological approaches focusing on eliciting and understanding the subjective experience of help-seeking youth better detect incipient schizophrenia. The Azima Battery is an occupational therapy projective assessment that uses expressive media in a standard setup, in order to phenomenologically elicit and describe the activity performance and narratives of individuals at risk of, or on, the psychotic-spectrum...
November 2, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795580/who-s-on-first-investigating-the-referential-hierarchy-in-simple-native-asl-narratives
#17
Anne Therese Frederiksen, Rachel I Mayberry
Discussions of reference tracking in spoken languages often invoke some version of a referential hierarchy. In this paper, we asked whether this hierarchy applies equally well to reference tracking in a visual language, American Sign Language, or whether modality differences influence its structure. Expanding the results of previous studies, this study looked at ASL referential devices beyond nouns, pronouns, and zero anaphora. We elicited four simple narratives from eight native ASL signers, and examined how the signers tracked reference throughout their stories...
September 2016: Lingua. International Review of General Linguistics. Revue Internationale de Linguistique Générale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791388/a-narrative-review-about-blood-laboratory-testing-for-early-prediction-of-preeclampsia-chasing-the-finish-line-or-at-the-starting-blocks
#18
Martina Montagnana, Elisa Danese, Giuseppe Lippi, Cristiano Fava
Preeclampsia (PE) affects 2-8% of pregnancies worldwide, thus representing an important cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity, up to death. Many studies have been designed to identify putative biomarkers for accurate and timely diagnosing PE, but only some of them were focused on specific and sensitive biomarkers for early prediction of this life-threatening condition. In particular, some prospective studies aimed to investigate the predictive role of circulating biomarkers before 20 weeks of gestation in the general pregnant population yielded conflicting results...
October 28, 2016: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782311/ageing-masculinity-and-parkinson-s-disease-embodied-perspectives
#19
Grant Gibson, Ciara Kierans
Parkinson's disease (PD) presents as an illness which predominantly affects older men. However older men's lived experiences of PD, including how they are influenced by age and gender relations has seen little empirical study. Drawing on Watson's male body schema, this paper explores how men engage with masculinities and ageing in order to make sense and meaning from PD. Data is presented from 30 narrative and semi structured interviews with 15 men of various ages who were living with PD. Findings suggest that PD threatens a visceral embodiment located in the body's basic movements and intimate functions; a pragmatic embodiment expressed through men's everyday occupations and an experiential embodiment concerned with emotions and sensations felt within and through the body...
October 26, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775520/timelines-revisited-a-design-space-and-considerations-for-expressive-storytelling
#20
Matthew Brehmer, Bongshin Lee, Benjamin Bach, Nathalie Henry Riche, Tamara Munzner
There are many ways to visualize event sequences as timelines. In a storytelling context where the intent is to convey multiple narrative points, a richer set of timeline designs may be more appropriate than the narrow range that has been used for exploratory data analysis by the research community. Informed by a survey of 263 timelines, we present a design space for storytelling with timelines that balances expressiveness and effectiveness, identifying 14 design choices characterized by three dimensions: representation, scale, and layout...
October 3, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
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