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Narrative expression

Marija Bošnjak Pašić, Emina Horvat Velić, Luka Fotak, Hanna Pašić, Azijada Srkalović Imširagić, Davorka Milat, Helena Šarac, Sarah Bjedov, Željka Petelin GadŽe
French expression standing for the phrase "already seen" is a déjà vu. It is thought that as much as 97% of the population have experienced déjà vu at least once in their lifetime and 67% experience it regularly. The explanations of this phenomenon in novels and poems include reincarnation, dreams, organic factors, and unconscious memories. In this narrative review connection between déjà vu and various other conditions has been mentioned: false memories, temporal lobe epilepsy and other neurological conditions...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Carla T Hilario, John L Oliffe, Josephine P Wong, Annette J Browne, Joy L Johnson
Distress among young immigrant and refugee men has drawn increasing research attention in recent years. Nuanced understandings of distress are needed to inform mental health and public health programming. The purpose of this research was to examine distress from the perspectives of young immigrant and refugee men living in Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Thirty-three young men (aged 15-22 years) from diverse immigrant and refugee backgrounds participated in interviews, which were conducted between 2014 and 2015...
March 1, 2018: Health (London)
Evelyn Nathalia, Madelaine Skolastika Theardy, Sharleen Elvira, Graciella Rosellinny, Andrew Steven Liyanto, Michael Putra Utama, Anton Sumarpo
INTRODUCTION: LIM Homeobox 6 (LHX6) encodes a LIM homeodomain transcription factor, contributes to tissue development and morphogenesis, and is mostly expressed in medial ganglionic eminence and odontogenic mesenchyme. However, it has been reported to play a role in cancer progression. This narrative review summarizes literatures that emphasize the molecular regulation of LHX6 in tumorigenesis. METHODS: In our systematic review, the PubMed database was used for the literature search using the combination of words that included "LHX6" and "cancer"...
March 9, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Tom Margham, Natalie Symes, Sally A Hull
BACKGROUND: Identifying patients at risk of harm in general practice is challenging for busy clinicians. In UK primary care, trigger tools and case note reviews are mainly used to identify rates of harm in sample populations. AIM: This study explores how adaptions to existing trigger tool methodology can identify patient safety events and engage clinicians in ongoing reflective work around safety. DESIGN AND SETTING: Mixed-method quantitative and narrative evaluation using thematic analysis in a single East London training practice...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Lauren M Dinour, Jacalyn Szaro, Renata Blumberg, Mousumi Bose
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a community-engaged assignment on graduate student learning in the nutritional sciences. DESIGN: Convergent mixed-methods design with parallel data collection and terminal merging of data. Data were composed of grant proposals, reflection papers, and informal course evaluations from 2 semesters of the same course. Fall students wrote proposals on behalf of a community partner whereas spring students wrote fictitious grants to improve nutrition on their campus...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Solveig L Hansen
In the traditions of narrative ethics and casuistry, stories have a well-established role. Specifically, illness narratives provide insight into patients' perspectives and histories. However, because they tend to see fiction as an aesthetic endeavour, practitioners in these traditions often do not realize that fictional stories are valuable moral sources of their own. In this paper I employ two arguments to show the mutual relationship between bioethics and fiction, specifically, science fiction. First, both discourses use imagination to set a scene and determine a perspective...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Francesca Palandri, Giulia Benevolo, Alessandra Iurlo, Elisabetta Abruzzese, Angelo M Carella, Chiara Paoli, Giuseppe A Palumbo, Massimiliano Bonifacio, Daniela Cilloni, Alessandro Andriani, Attilio Guarini, Diamante Turri, Elena Maria Elli, Antonietta Falcone, Barbara Anaclerico, Pellegrino Musto, Nicola Di Renzo, Mario Tiribelli, Renato Zambello, Caterina Spinosa, Alessandra Ricco, Letizia Raucci, Bruno Martino, Mario Annunziata, Silvia Pascale, Anna Marina Liberati, Giorgio La Nasa, Margherita Maffioli, Massimo Breccia, Novella Pugliese, Silvia Betti, Gianfranco Giglio, Antonietta Cappuccio, Luigi Reale
PURPOSE: Myelofibrosis (MF) is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm characterised by an aggressive clinical course, with disabling symptoms and reduced survival. Patients experience a severely impaired quality of life and their families face the upheaval of daily routines and high disease-related financial costs. The aim of this study was to investigate the perceptions of Italian patients and their caregivers about living with MF and the burden of illness associated with MF. METHODS: A quali-quantitative questionnaire and a prompted written narrative survey were administered to patients affected by primary or post-essential thrombocythemia/post-polycythaemia vera MF and their primary caregiver in 35 Italian haematological centres...
March 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Ying Hao, Lisa M Bedore, Li Sheng, Elizabeth D Peña
PURPOSE: Narrative skills between Mandarin and English in Mandarin-English (ME) bilingual children were compared, exploring cross-linguistic interactions of these skills, and influences of age and current language experience (input and output) on narrative performance. METHOD: Macrostructure and microstructure in elicited narratives from 21 ME bilingual children were analysed. Language experience was collected by parent report and entered as a covariate. Repeated measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted to compare the two languages...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Fanny Guglielmucci, Isabella G Franzoi, Michela Bonafede, Francesca V Borgogno, Federica Grosso, Antonella Granieri
Aim: A cancer diagnosis-and in particular a Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) one-breaks the somatopsychic balance of the individual, compromising the quality of residual life and giving rise to many negative emotions difficult to integrate and to elaborate (such as depression, fears, anxieties, hopelessness, guilt, shame, and rage). Several national and international guidelines acknowledged the importance of evaluating psychological and socio-relational features in MM patients and their caregiver. However, only few studies have investigated the subjective experience of MM patients and even less research has focused on the caregivers' experience...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Marion Fossard, Amélie M Achim, Lucie Rousier-Vercruyssen, Sylvia Gonzalez, Alexandre Bureau, Maud Champagne-Lavau
During a narrative discourse, accessibility of the referents is rarely fixed once and for all. Rather, each referent varies in accessibility as the discourse unfolds, depending on the presence and prominence of the other referents. This leads the speaker to use various referential expressions to refer to the main protagonists of the story at different moments in the narrative. This study relies on a new, collaborative storytelling in sequence task designed to assess how speakers adjust their referential choices when they refer to different characters at specific discourse stages corresponding to the introduction, maintaining, or shift of the character in focus, in increasingly complex referential contexts...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Simon N Etkind, Anna E Bone, Natasha Lovell, Irene J Higginson, Fliss E M Murtagh
OBJECTIVES: To determine and explore the influences on care preferences of older people with advanced illness and integrate our results into a model to guide practice and research. DESIGN: Systematic review using Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, Web of Science, and OpenGrey databases from inception to February 2017 and reference and citation list searching. Included articles investigated influences on care preference using qualitative or quantitative methodology. Thematic synthesis of qualitative articles and narrative synthesis of quantitative articles were undertaken...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Bethany Ober Mannon
The field of narrative medicine holds that personal narratives about illness have the potential to give illness meaning and to create order out of disparate facets of experience, thereby aiding a patient's treatment and resisting universalizing medical discourse. Two narratives of bipolar disorder, Kay Redfield Jamison's prose memoir An Unquiet Mind (1995) and Ellen Forney's graphic memoir Marbles (2012) challenge these ideas. These writers demonstrate that one result of bipolar disorder is a rupture to their sense of identity, making straightforward and verbal forms of narrative impossible...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
Peter Bontje, Sissel Alsaker, Eric Asaba, Anders Kottorp, Staffan Josephsson
BACKGROUND: There is a need for in-depth understanding of how elderly persons resume their occupations while recovering from physical disabilities in their home and community. The aim of this study was to explore and understand how engaging in occupations unfolded over time for some older persons with physical disabilities in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this narrative-in-action study four elderly participants were recruited following a mixed purposive and convenience sampling method...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Helen Smith
This article will explore region as a category of analysis for understanding gender, sexual cultures, and the expression of same-sex desire. In unpicking the notion of regional difference in both its tangible and intangible forms, it outlines the corresponding impact on how sexual cultures developed and were experienced in twentieth-century Britain. By recognizing that the area in which an individual lived could have as much impact on their sense of self and their sexual experiences as issues of race, gender, and class, a new and fruitful avenue of interpretation is opened up for the history of sexuality and twentieth-century British history more broadly...
March 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
Sean Collins, Jennifer Martindale
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In spite of advances in our understanding of acute heart failure (AHF) and its different phenotypic expressions, AHF management is still centered on volume removal with intravenous diuretics. This narrative review describes the pathophysiology underlying hypertensive AHF and appraises therapies targeting these mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: Vascular redistribution rather than volume overload may be the primary determinant of elevated cardiac filling pressures and subsequent pulmonary congestion in patients with hypertensive AHF; in these patients, vasodilators should be the predominant treatment...
February 24, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
L Lewis Wall
OBJECTIVES: To review the historical background surrounding the early work of Dr. J. Marion Sims, who developed the first consistently successful surgical technique for the repair of obstetric vesicovaginal fistulas by operating on a group of young, enslaved, African American women who had this condition between 1846 and 1849. METHODS: Review of primary source documents on Sims and his operations, early 19th century clinical literature on the treatment of vesicovaginal fistula, the introduction of ether and chloroform anesthesia into surgical practice, and the literature on the early 19th century medical ethics pertaining to surgical innovation...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Yuliia V Lysanets, Olena M Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the prevalence of Latin terms and terminological collocations in the issues of Journal of Medical Case Reports (February 2007-August 2017) and discusses the role of Latin terminology in the contemporary process of writing medical case reports. METHODS: The objective of the research is to study the frequency of using Latin terminology in English-language medical case reports, thus providing relevant guidelines for medical professionals who deal with this genre and drawing their attention to the peculiarities of using Latin in case reports...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hamish McGorm, Llion A Roberts, Jeff S Coombes, Jonathan M Peake
Historically, heat has been used in various clinical and sports rehabilitation settings to treat soft tissue injuries. More recently, interest has emerged in using heat to pre-condition muscle against injury. The aim of this narrative review was to collate information on different types of heat therapy, explain the physiological rationale for heat therapy, and to summarise and evaluate the effects of heat therapy before, during and after muscle injury, immobilisation and strength training. Studies on skeletal muscle cells demonstrate that heat attenuates cellular damage and protein degradation (following in vitro challenges/insults to the cells)...
February 22, 2018: Sports Medicine
Michele J Maiers, William K Foshee, Heidi Henson Dunlap
Objectives: Transgender individuals commonly experience barriers to quality health care and may suffer from unique musculoskeletal complaints. Although these needs are often inadequately addressed within the health care system, they could be attended to by the chiropractic community. This narrative review describes best practices for delivering culturally sensitive care to transgender patients within the context of chiropractic offices. Methods: A literature search generated peer-reviewed material on culturally competent care of the transgender community...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Ali Mobasheri, Csaba Matta, Ilona Uzielienè, Emma Budd, Pablo Martín-Vasallo, Eiva Bernotiene
Chondrocytes are the main cells in the extracellular matrix of articular cartilage and possess a highly differentiated phenotype that is the hallmark of the unique physiological functions of this specialised load-bearing connective tissue. The plasma membrane of articular chondrocytes contains a rich and diverse complement of membrane proteins, known as the membranome, which defines the cell surface phenotype of the cells. The membranome is a key target of pharmacological agents and is important for chondrocyte function...
February 13, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
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