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Narrative expression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770806/a-place-of-many-names-how-three-generations-of-bedouin-women-express-the-meaning-of-home
#1
Nuzha Allassad Alhuzail
This article examines how three generations of Bedouin women in southern Israel express what home means to them through the names they give it: bayt , maskan , and dar . Home has always been significant in the lives of Bedouin women, but Bedouin society is undergoing major changes-culturally, socially, and in the form of settlement. The external form of the Bedouin home has changed, too, from a tent to a stone house, from an open structure to a closed one, from being part of the open space of the desert to being a limited space in a neighborhood...
2018: Journal of housing and the built environment: HBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768668/assessing-the-effects-of-information-about-global-population-growth-on-risk-perceptions-and-support-for-mitigation-and-prevention-strategies
#2
Ian G J Dawson
The human population is forecast to increase by 3-4 billion people during this century and many scientists have expressed concerns that this could increase the likelihood of certain adverse events (e.g., climate change and resource shortages). Recent research shows that these concerns are mirrored in public risk perceptions and that these perceptions correlate with a willingness to adopt mitigation behaviors (e.g., reduce resource consumption) and preventative actions (e.g., support actions to limit growth)...
May 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768590/-construction-and-deconstruction-of-masculine-identities-among-metalworkers-with-rsi-wrmd
#3
Jorge Henrique Santos Saldanha, Mônica Angelim Gomes de Lima, Robson da Fonseca Neves, Jorge Alberto Bernstein Iriart
This study aimed to reveal how metalworkers experience prolonged incapacity for work due to repetitive strain injury/work-related musculoskeletal disorder (RSI/WRMD) and the impact of chronic illness on the construction/deconstruction of masculinity. A qualitative study was performed, based on narrative interviews with male metalworkers in an automotive factory in the State of Bahia, Brazil. The results showed how the conflict in the experience of illness, the maintenance of male identity, and expectations of meeting the rules dictated by hegemonic masculinity are experienced and signified in daily life...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763776/dimethyl-fumarate-downregulates-the-immune-response-through-the-hca-2-gpr109a-pathway-implications-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis
#4
REVIEW
Felipe von Glehn, Rafael P C Dias-Carneiro, Adriel S Moraes, Alessandro S Farias, Veronica A P G Silva, Francisco T M Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo B G Silva, Fabricio de Carvalho, Elaine Rahal, Clare Baecher-Allan, Leonilda M B Santos
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of action of dimethyl fumarate (DMF), and its metabolite, monomethyl fumarate (MMF), for the treatment of multiple sclerosis are not completely elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To discuss the role of DMF/MMF-induced hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 2 (HCA2 /GPR109A) pathway activation in the immune response and treatment of MS. METHODS: A narrative (traditional) review of the current literature. RESULTS: Studies have shown that binding of DMF/MMF to HCA2 on dendritic cells inhibits the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro and in MS murine models...
April 25, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760671/emotion-in-stories-facial-emg-evidence-for-both-mental-simulation-and-moral-evaluation
#5
Björn 't Hart, Marijn E Struiksma, Anton van Boxtel, Jos J A van Berkum
Facial electromyography research shows that corrugator supercilii ("frowning muscle") activity tracks the emotional valence of linguistic stimuli. Grounded or embodied accounts of language processing take such activity to reflect the simulation or "reenactment" of emotion, as part of the retrieval of word meaning (e.g., of "furious") and/or of building a situation model (e.g., for "Mark is furious"). However, the same muscle also expresses our primary emotional evaluation of things we encounter...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749009/generalist-health-professional-s-interactions-with-consumers-who-have-a-mental-illness-in-nonmental-health-settings-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-research
#6
REVIEW
Scott Brunero, Lucie M Ramjan, Yenna Salamonson, Daniel Nicholls
Generalist health professionals (GHPs) or those healthcare professionals working in nonmental health facilities are increasingly being required to provide care to consumers with a mental illness. The review aimed to synthesize the qualitative research evidence on the meanings and interpretations made by GHPs (nonmental health professional) who interact with consumers with mental illness in nonmental health settings. A systematic review of the qualitative literature was undertaken for the years 1994-2016. The following electronic databases were searched: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742159/medications-and-pregnancy-the-role-of-community-pharmacists-a-descriptive-study
#7
Hoi Ying Leung, Bandana Saini, Helen E Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Safe use of medications during pregnancy requires a comprehensive understanding of risk-benefit profiles for individual treatments. Pharmacists are supported in this aspect by clinical information agencies (e.g. MotherSafe, a telephone-based teratogen information service) and reference texts. To what extent and for what reasons Australian pharmacists utilise these services/resources are yet unknown. Further, debate on replacement of conventionally defined medication safety in pregnancy categories (A, B1-3, C, D, X) by narratively stated safety evidence may affect pharmacists' routine practice...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738328/persistent-postsurgical-pain-pathophysiology-and-preventative-pharmacologic-considerations
#8
Philippe Richebé, Xavier Capdevila, Cyril Rivat
The development of chronic pain is considered a major complication after surgery. Basic science research in animal models helps us understand the transition from acute to chronic pain by identifying the numerous molecular and cellular changes that occur in the peripheral and central nervous systems. It is now well recognized that inflammation and nerve injury lead to long-term synaptic plasticity that amplifies and also maintains pain signaling, a phenomenon referred to as pain sensitization. In the context of surgery in humans, pain sensitization is both responsible for an increase in postoperative pain via the expression of wound hyperalgesia and considered a critical factor for the development of persistent postsurgical pain...
May 7, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736627/expressed-information-needs-of-patients-with-osteoporosis-and-or-fragility-fractures-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Grace Raybould, Opeyemi Babatunde, Amy L Evans, Joanne L Jordan, Zoe Paskins
This systematic review identified patients have unmet information needs about the nature of osteoporosis, medication, self-management and follow-up. Clinician knowledge and attitudes appear to be of key importance in determining whether these needs are met. Unmet information needs appear to have psychosocial consequences and result in poor treatment adherence. PURPOSE: Patient education is an integral component of the management of osteoporosis, yet patients are dissatisfied with the information they receive and see this as an area of research priority...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734887/patient-autonomy-in-home-care-nurses-relational-practices-of-responsibility
#10
Gaby Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, new healthcare policies are transforming healthcare practices towards independent living and self-care of older people and people with a chronic disease or disability within the community. For professional caregivers in home care, such as nurses, this requires a shift from a caring attitude towards the promotion of patient autonomy. AIM: To explore how nurses in home care deal with the transformation towards fostering patient autonomy and self-care...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734473/treatment-for-hepatitis-c-virus-associated-mixed-cryoglobulinaemia
#11
REVIEW
Nuria Montero, Alexandre Favà, Eva Rodriguez, Clara Barrios, Josep M Cruzado, Julio Pascual, Maria Jose Soler
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-associated mixed cryoglobulinaemia is the manifestation of an inflammation of small and medium-sized vessels produced by a pathogenic IgM with rheumatoid factor activity generated by an expansion of B-cells. The immune complexes formed precipitate mainly in the skin, joints, kidneys or peripheral nerve fibres. Current therapeutic approaches are aimed at elimination of HCV infection, removal of cryoglobulins and also of the B-cell clonal expansions. The optimal treatment for it has not been established...
May 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732956/the-search-for-balance-prolonged-uncertainty-in-parent-blogs-of-childhood-cancer
#12
Catherine McGeehin Heilferty
Illness blogs are the online narrative expression of the experience of illness and its treatment. The purpose of the present research was to explore, describe, and analyze blog narratives created by parents during their child's cancer experience in the hope that knowledge generated would amplify the voices of these vulnerable families. The study aimed to answer this question: What themes are evident in illness blogs created by a parent when a child has cancer? The purposive sample of 14 parent blogs included publicly accessible, English language narratives that contained descriptions of life with a child who had undergone treatment for acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL; five blogs analyzed) or neuroblastoma (nine blogs analyzed) in the previous 5 years or who was currently undergoing treatment for these types of cancer...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724153/sociality-and-intergenerational-transfer-of-older-adults-nostalgia
#13
Tim Wildschut, Constantine Sedikides, Sara Robertson
Interest in nostalgia has blossomed, yet its nature in older adulthood and potential for intergenerational transfer to younger adults has remained neglected. In Experiment 1, we focused on the content of older adults' nostalgic (vs. ordinary) recollections and asked whether older adults' nostalgia could be transferred to younger adults. We showed that nostalgia expressed in older adults' narratives was positively associated with nostalgia reported by young-adult readers. In Experiment 2, undergraduates read a nostalgic or ordinary narrative written by an older adult...
May 3, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718969/is-prevention-better-than-cure-a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-well-being-interventions-for-military-personnel-adjusting-to-civilian-life
#14
Andreas Bauer, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Shannon Robalino, Jennifer Ferguson, Sarah Wigham
Exposure to stressful and potentially traumatic experiences is a risk for military personnel and for some this may increase susceptibility to reduced well-being. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of interventions to promote the well-being of military personnel adjusting to civilian life. Electronic databases were searched including MEDLINE, Embase, HMIC, PsycINFO, Pilots and CINAHL. Twelve articles, all conducted in the USA, were included in the review. Articles were synthesised narratively and assessed for bias against established criteria...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710314/auditory-perceptual-assessment-of-fluency-in-typical-and-neurologically-disordered-speech
#15
Nelly Penttilä, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka, Ray D Kent
Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate how speech fluency in typical and atypical speech is perceptually assessed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Our research questions were as follows: (a) How do SLPs rate fluency in speakers with and without neurological communication disorders? (b) Do they differentiate the speaker groups? and (c) What features do they hear impairing speech fluency? Method: Ten SLPs specialized in neurological communication disorders volunteered as expert judges to rate 90 narrative speech samples on a Visual Analogue Scale (see Kempster, Gerratt, Verdolini Abbott, Barkmeier-Kraemer, & Hillman, 2009; p...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709077/use-of-platelet-transfusions-prior-to-lumbar-punctures-or-epidural-anaesthesia-for-the-prevention-of-complications-in-people-with-thrombocytopenia
#16
REVIEW
Lise J Estcourt, Reem Malouf, Sally Hopewell, Carolyn Doree, Joost Van Veen
BACKGROUND: People with a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) often require lumbar punctures or an epidural anaesthetic. Lumbar punctures can be diagnostic (haematological malignancies, subarachnoid haematoma, meningitis) or therapeutic (spinal anaesthetic, administration of chemotherapy). Epidural catheters are placed for administration of epidural anaesthetic. Current practice in many countries is to correct thrombocytopenia with platelet transfusions prior to lumbar punctures and epidural anaesthesia, in order to mitigate the risk of serious procedure-related bleeding...
April 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697284/biological-and-immunological-aspects-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-cancer-development-a-narrative-review
#17
Fatema Zohora, Katayoon Bidad, Zahra Pourpak, Mostafa Moin
Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) is a universal health problem and a risk factor for the development of cancer. IDA changes the microenvironment of the human body by affecting both the biological and immunological systems. It increases DNA damage and genomic instability by different mechanisms. IDA is one of the leading causes of the imbalance between different antioxidant enzymes as well as enzymes involved in DNA damage and DNA repair systems of the body. It can affect the biogenesis/expression of microRNAs. IDA interrupts the oxidative phosphorylation energy metabolism and intestinal Cytochrome-P450 systems...
April 26, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693250/the-formal-systems-response-to-violence-against-women-in-india-a-cultural-lens
#18
Suvarna V Menon, Nicole E Allen
Violence against women (VAW) has become an increasingly salient issue in India, with women at risk for different forms of gendered violence. While there may be universal elements in the international phenomenon of violence against women, it is a complex, multifaceted phenomenon that takes shape in a particular sociocultural context. The current study employs a narrative framework to systematically examine how culture is expressed in the formal systems response and women's help-seeking in two metropolitan cities in India...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676218/vaunting-the-independent-amateur-scientific-american-and-the-representation-of-lay-scientists
#19
Sean F Johnston
This paper traces how media representations encouraged enthusiasts, youth and skilled volunteers to participate actively in science and technology during the twentieth century. It assesses how distinctive discourses about scientific amateurs positioned them with respect to professionals in shifting political and cultural environments. In particular, the account assesses the seminal role of a periodical, Scientific American magazine, in shaping and championing an enduring vision of autonomous scientific enthusiasms...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673272/critical-issues-in-men-s-mental-health
#20
Dan Bilsker, Andrea S Fogarty, Matthew A Wakefield
This narrative review highlights key issues in men's mental health and identifies approaches to research, policy and practice that respond to men's styles of coping. Issues discussed are: 1) the high incidence of male suicide (80% of suicide deaths in Canada, with a peak in the mid-50 s age group) accompanied by low public awareness; 2) the perplexing nature of male depression, manifesting in forms that are poorly recognised by current diagnostic approaches and thus poorly treated; 3) the risky use of alcohol among men, again common and taking a huge toll on mental and physical health; 4) the characteristic ways in which men manage psychological suffering, the coping strengths to be recognised, and the gaps to be addressed; 5) the underutilization of mental health services by men, and the implication for clinical outcomes; and 6) male-specific approaches to service provision designed to improve men's accessing of care, with an emphasis on Canadian programs...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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