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Narrative expression

Grant Gibson, Ciara Kierans
Parkinson's disease (PD) presents as an illness which predominantly affects older men. However older men's lived experiences of PD, including how they are influenced by age and gender relations has seen little empirical study. Drawing on Watson's male body schema, this paper explores how men engage with masculinities and ageing in order to make sense and meaning from PD. Data is presented from 30 narrative and semi structured interviews with 15 men of various ages who were living with PD. Findings suggest that PD threatens a visceral embodiment located in the body's basic movements and intimate functions; a pragmatic embodiment expressed through men's everyday occupations and an experiential embodiment concerned with emotions and sensations felt within and through the body...
October 26, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
Matthew Brehmer, Bongshin Lee, Benjamin Bach, Nathalie Henry Riche, Tamara Munzner
There are many ways to visualize event sequences as timelines. In a storytelling context where the intent is to convey multiple narrative points, a richer set of timeline designs may be more appropriate than the narrow range that has been used for exploratory data analysis by the research community. Informed by a survey of 263 timelines, we present a design space for storytelling with timelines that balances expressiveness and effectiveness, identifying 14 design choices characterized by three dimensions: representation, scale, and layout...
October 3, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Lynne E Angus, Tali Boritz, Emily Bryntwick, Naomi Carpenter, Christianne Macaulay, Jasmine Khattra
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that it is not simply the expression of emotion or emotional arousal in session that is important, but rather it is the reflective processing of emergent, adaptive emotions, arising in the context of personal storytelling and/or Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) interventions, that is associated with change. METHOD: To enhance narrative-emotion integration specifically in EFT, Angus and Greenberg originally identified a set of eight clinically derived narrative-emotion integration markers were originally identified for the implementation of process-guiding therapeutic responses...
October 24, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Elizabeth Croson, Jessica Keim-Malpass
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To gain a unique perspective of young women with cancer aged 20-39 years who are experiencing challenges with fertility and parenting through analysis of cancer blogs.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: A secondary analysis of online narratives using a focused thematic analysis approach, comparing women who were mothers prior to diagnosis with women who are exploring the possibility of motherhood after diagnosis.
. SETTING: Blogs found through websites and social media venues for young adults with cancer...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Miguel M Gonçalves, Joana Ribeiro Silva, Inês Mendes, Catarina Rosa, António P Ribeiro, João Batista, Inês Sousa, Carlos F Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: Innovative moments (IMs) are new and more adjusted ways of thinking, acting, feeling and relating that emerge during psychotherapy. Previous research on IMs has provided sustainable evidence that IMs differentiate recovered from unchanged psychotherapy cases. However, studies with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) are so far absent. The present study tests whether IMs can be reliably identified in CBT and examines if IMs and symptoms' improvement are associated. METHODS: The following variables were assessed in each session from a sample of six cases of CBT for depression (a total of 111 sessions): (a) symptomatology outcomes (Outcome Questionnaire-OQ-10) and (b) IMs...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Mark Corbett
Conceivably, in an ideal world, all patients with a life-limiting illness would receive optimal hospice and palliative care so that no one would ever wish to hasten their own death. The reality, however, is that despite provision of optimal hospice and palliative care, individuals with terminal illness experience suffering, loss of meaning, or deterioration in quality of life to the extent where they express the desire to expedite the dying process. While there has been extensive discussion surrounding physician-assisted death (PAD), there has been less attention paid to the practice of voluntary stopping eating and drinking (VSED) near the end of life...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Rosemary Fama, Edith V Sullivan, Stephanie A Sassoon, Adolf Pfefferbaum, Natalie M Zahr
BACKGROUND: Executive functioning and episodic memory impairment occur in HIV infection (HIV) and chronic alcoholism (ALC). Comorbidity of these conditions (HIV + ALC) is prevalent and heightens risk of vulnerability to separate and compounded deficits. Age and disease-related variables can also serve as mediators of cognitive impairment and should be considered, given the extended longevity of HIV-infected individuals in this era of improved pharmacological therapy. METHODS: HIV, ALC, HIV + ALC, and normal controls (NC) were administered traditional and computerized tests of executive function and episodic memory...
October 19, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Lesley Henderson, Simon Carter
There has been considerable interest in images of medicine in popular science fiction and in representations of doctors in television fiction. Surprisingly little attention has been paid to doctors administering space medicine in science fiction. This article redresses this gap. We analyse the evolving figure of 'the doctor' in different popular science fiction television series. Building upon debates within Medical Sociology, Cultural Studies and Media Studies we argue that the figure of 'the doctor' is discursively deployed to act as the moral compass at the centre of the programme narrative...
September 30, 2016: Medical Humanities
Ka-Kei Yeung, Lisa Engle, Andrea Rabel, Keith Adamson, Heidi Schwellnus, Catherine Evans
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore how children aged 10-18 years describe their neuropathic pain (NP). METHOD: This is a qualitative descriptive study using inductive content analysis. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight children, aged 10-18 years with varying diagnoses, who were experiencing NP. RESULTS: All children were able to describe their NP using a variety of strategies, including use of literal and figurative language...
August 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Michael Chang, Mark Halaki, Roger Adams, Stephen Cobley, Kwee-Yum Lee, Nicholas O'Dwyer
In dance, the goals of actions are not always clearly defined. Investigations into the perceived quality of dance actions and their relation to biomechanical motion should give insight into the performance of dance actions and their goals. The purpose of this review was to explore and document current literature concerning dance perception and its relation to the biomechanics of motion. Seven studies were included in the review. The study results showed systematic differences between expert, non-expert, and novice dancers in biomechanical and perceptual measures, both of which also varied according to the actions expressed in dance...
2016: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Wen-Hui Sah, Pao-Chuan Torng
This study investigates the ability of Mandarin-speaking children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to use mental state terms in narratives. The narrative data are from 16 children with ASD and 16 typically developing children, matched on language and cognitive abilities. The narratives were elicited using Frog, where are you? Participants' use of lexical expressions referring to emotion, cognition, desire and perception was examined. The 'deer episode' of the story was chosen to analyse children's ability to talk about misrepresentation...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Elaine Reese, Ella Myftari, Helena M McAnally, Yan Chen, Tia Neha, Qi Wang, Fiona Jack, Sarah-Jane Robertson
This study explored links between narrative identity, personality traits, and well-being for 263 adolescents (age 12-21) from three New Zealand cultures: Māori, Chinese, and European. Turning-point narratives were assessed for autobiographical reasoning (causal coherence), local thematic coherence, emotional expressivity, and topic. Across cultures, older adolescents with higher causal coherence reported better well-being. Younger adolescents with higher causal coherence instead reported poorer well-being...
September 17, 2016: Child Development
Lidia Sánchez Morales, Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa, Cristina Valls Llagostera, Alba González Pérez, Cristina Alberich
OBJECTIVES: Group cohesion, the establishment of hope, and the expression of feelings have been said to be the basic ingredients of group psychotherapy. To date, there is few literature describing therapeutic processes in short stay settings such as acute psychiatric wards and with special patient groups such as addictions. Our goal with this study is to describe and analyze group processes in such contexts. METHODS: We used a qualitative methodology combining constant comparative methods and hermeneutical triangulation to analyze therapeutic narratives in the context of a group analytic process carried following Foulkes' and Yalom's styles...
September 15, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Julián Rodríguez Almagro, Antonio Hernández Martínez, María Carmen Solano Ruiz, José Siles González
AIMS: To research the quality of life of Spanish women with coeliac disease BACKGROUND: Coeliac women express lower quality of life than male coeliacs. DESIGN: Explanatory sequential approach using mixed methods and with a gender perspective. METHODS: The research was carried out between May and July 2015. In its quantitative stage it aims to determine the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a representative sample (n=1097) of Spanish adult women with coeliac disease using a specific questionnaire named CD-QOL...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Thomas H McCoy, Victor M Castro, Ashlee M Roberson, Leslie A Snapper, Roy H Perlis
Importance: Suicide represents the 10th leading cause of death across age groups in the United States (12.6 cases per 100 000) and remains challenging to predict. While many individuals who die by suicide are seen by physicians before their attempt, they may not seek psychiatric care. Objective: To determine the extent to which incorporating natural language processing of narrative discharge notes improves stratification of risk for death by suicide after medical or surgical hospital discharge...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Bryan Gibson, Jorie Butler, Katherine Doyon, Lee Ellington, Bruce E Bray, Qing Zeng
Patient decision aids are tools intended to facilitate shared decision-making. Currently development of a patient decision aid is resource intensive: it requires a decision-specific review of the scientific literature by experts to ascertain the potential outcomes under different treatments. The goal of this project was to conduct a formative evaluation of a generalizable, scalable decision aid component we call Veterans Like Me (VLme). VLme mines EHR data to present the outcomes of individuals "like you" on different treatments to the user...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Carina Jägervall, A Birgitta Gunnarsson, A Brüggemann
Patients' experiences of orgasm changes and loss of ejaculation after radical prostatectomy   In this study we report on men's experiences of orgasm changes and loss of ejaculation after radical prostatectomy. Ten men, all recruited through a Swedish hospital, were interviewed and data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results showed that the experience of orgasm has weakened but that the loss of ejaculation was not perceived as a loss per se. However, the risk of urine release during orgasm was troublesome and inhibiting...
2016: Läkartidningen
C Barnes, C Archibald, C E Lynn
The Caribbean is experiencing major challenges beyond those related to treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its sequel, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The region has an infection rate that is second only to Sub-Saharan Africa and the burden of proof on particular groups is especially difficult. The objective of this study is to analyse scientifically, the narratives of citizen journalists in two Jamaican national newspapers. The method incorporated a context-dependent qualitative inquiry, which is an emerging design in research...
September 18, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Andrew Edgar
This paper seeks to explore the attraction and the beauty of the contemporary athletic body. It will be suggested that a body shaped through muscular bulk and definition has come to be seen as aesthetically normative. This body differs from the body of athletes from the early and mid-twentieth century. It will be argued that the contemporary body is not merely the result of advances in sports science, but rather that it is expressive of certain meanings and values. The visual similarity of the contemporary athletic body and that of the comic book superhero suggests that both bodies carry a similar potential for narrative story-telling, and that their attraction is bound up with this narrative potential...
September 10, 2016: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
Kate Winskell, Gaëlle Sabben, Kaitlyn L Pruitt, Kristi Allen, Trinity Findlay, Rob Stephenson
Sexual minorities are stigmatised in much of sub-Saharan Africa, restricting their access to sexual health services and undermining their mental health. Although public attitudes and social representations inform the experience of sexual stigma, little is known about how young Africans make sense of sexual diversity. We conducted a thematic analysis of 56 texts contributed by young people from 10 countries in response to a prompt in a scriptwriting competition inviting participants to 'tell a story about someone who is attracted to people of the same sex'...
September 8, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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