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Foster children

Kristin J Perry, Joseph Price
Predictors of the physical and relational aggressive behavior of children in foster care were examined ( N = 160, 50.9% male, M age = 7.57, SD = 2.39). First, predictors representative of children's placement histories were examined in relation to the children's aggression at T1. Next, predictors representing characteristics of the current family environment were examined in relation to the children's aggression at T2 (four months later). Results revealed that a greater number of prior group home placements and being in a non-kinship home were associated with higher physical aggression at T1...
April 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Kristin J Perry, Joseph M Price
This study contributes to current research on the behavior problems of children in foster care by analyzing a more comprehensive set of concurrent child history and contextual predictors. Kinship home status and sibling status (i.e., whether the sibling was a biological sibling to the foster child) were evaluated as moderators of significant associations. Data were collected at the baseline of a foster parent training intervention program prior to any intervention services using parent phone interviews ( N = 310, 51...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Sacha Klein, Brittany Mihalec-Adkins, Stephanie Benson, Sei-Young Lee
Increasing access to early care and education (ECE) for children in the child welfare system (CWS) remains a critical issue in the United States, as the numbers of young children entering this system steadily increases. Mounting evidence suggests that participation in at least some types of ECE can mitigate the need for child welfare supervision. Moreover, ECE participation has been linked to positive developmental and school readiness outcomes, lower rates of foster placement, and greater placement stability for children in the CWS...
March 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Sarah R Horn, Leslie E Roos, Kathryn G Beauchamp, Jessica E Flannery, Philip A Fisher
Prior research has identified the role of childhood maltreatment in externalizing problems and executive function (EF) deficits, but minimal work has been done to characterize the effects of co-occurring maltreatment types, defined as polyvictimization. Here, we sought to characterize the association between polyvictimization and externalizing problems in a sample of foster care children aged 3-4 years (N = 84) and examine how EF may mediate or moderate that relationship. A moderation model was supported in that only polyvictimized children with EF scores 1...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Manuela Deidda, Kathleen Anne Boyd, Helen Minnis, Julia Donaldson, Kevin Brown, Nicole R S Boyer, Emma McIntosh
INTRODUCTION: Children who have experienced abuse and neglect are at increased risk of mental and physical health problems throughout life. This places an enormous burden on individuals, families and society in terms of health services, education, social care and judiciary sectors. Evidence suggests that early intervention can mitigate the negative consequences of child maltreatment, exerting long-term positive effects on the health of maltreated children entering foster care. However, evidence on cost-effectiveness of such complex interventions is limited...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Sonya Troller-Renfree, Charles H Zeanah, Charles A Nelson, Nathan A Fox
The adverse effects of institutionalized care and psychosocial deprivation have been documented for more than 100 years. Children who have been raised in institutions are at heightened risk of developing internalizing and externalizing disorders. Given the profound biological and psychological effects of institutional rearing, identifying neural and cognitive factors that influence the emergence of psychopathology in institutionalized children is of great interest. Using data from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a randomized control study on the effects of institutional care and a foster care intervention, this article examines two factors that appear to influence the emergence of psychopathology in children who have been institutionalized-neural indices of cognitive control and visual attention biases...
March 2018: Child Development Perspectives
Rebecca J Mitchell, Rebecca Seah, Hsuen P Ting, Kate Curtis, Kim Foster
OBJECTIVE: To examine the magnitude, 10-year temporal trends and treatment cost of intentional injury hospitalisations of children aged ≤16 years in Australia. METHOD: A retrospective examination of linked hospitalisation and mortality data for children aged ≤16 years during 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2012 with self-harm or assault injuries. Negative binomial regression examined temporal trends. RESULTS: There were 18,223 self-harm and 13,877 assault hospitalisations, with a treatment cost of $64 million and $60...
March 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Heather A Feldner, Samuel W Logan, James C Galloway
AIM: Rehabilitation professionals are increasingly recognizing mobility as a basic human right and endorsing the efficacy of early powered mobility for children with mobility impairments to foster independence, promote socialization with peers and facilitate participation in family and community life. However, the relationship between mobility and technology provision, when considered in the context of lived experiences of children with mobility impairments and their families, is complex and understudied...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Christine Taylor, Melissa Zhang, Jann Foster, Iona Novak, Nadia Badawi
The overall objective of this systematic review is to identify, critically appraise and synthesize the literature regarding the feeding experiences of caregivers who care for children with cerebral palsy. The specific review question is: What are the experiences of caregivers feeding children with cerebral palsy?
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Roy W R Dudley, Michelle R Torok, Sarah Randall, Benjamin Béland, Michael H Handler, Jean M Mulcahy-Levy, Arthur K Liu, Todd C Hankinson
Pediatric meningiomas, which account for < 1% of all meningiomas, are thought to have unique features, including being more aggressive than their adult counterparts. The goal of this investigation was to compare pediatric and adult meningiomas in a large head-to-head comparison. We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result (SEER) datasets to compare meningioma demographics, first treatments, and outcomes among children/adolescents (0-21 years), young adults (22-45 years), and older adults (> 45 years)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Katherine Bain, Carla Durbach
Much research details the psychological risks to individuals exposed as children to intimate partner violence (IPV). However, resilience has been a neglected area of study within this population. This article details adaptive responses in six participants exposed to IPV in childhood. Adult attachment interviews (AAI) and follow-up semi-structured interviews analyzed using an interpretive thematic analysis revealed common themes relating to psychological defenses and adaptive strategies. Despite exposure to IPV in childhood, these six women were found to have secure attachment states of mind...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
I Baixauli-Fortea, N Gascon-Herranz, M de Carlos-Isla, C Colomer-Diago
INTRODUCTION: The 'More than Words' programme aims to enable parents to take advantage of day-to-day situations as communication learning settings, through the use of instruction in responsive-type interaction strategies. AIM: To describe the effects of this programme on the communication skills of a child with autism spectrum disorder and on the language the parents use to address him. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A three-phase design (pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention) was employed, in which the responsive interactions of the parents and the child's communicative acts were measured...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Stephanie L Merhar, Jennifer M McAllister, Kathryn E Wedig-Stevie, Amy C Klein, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Brenda B Poindexter
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about developmental outcomes in neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). We hypothesized that children treated for NAS would score lower than the normative sample on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 3rd edition. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 87 infants treated for NAS and evaluated at 2 years of age. RESULTS: Children treated for NAS scored significantly lower than the norm (mean 100) on all 3 subscales (cognitive mean 96...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Sandra Gabler, Melanie Kungl, Ina Bovenschen, Katrin Lang, Janin Zimmermann, Katja Nowacki, Josephine Kliewer-Neumann, Gottfried Spangler
In Germany, almost 70 000 children are living in foster families (Statistisches Bundesamt, 2016). Many foster children show mental health problems as they were exposed to an accumulation of risk factors. Hence, foster parents are often faced with challenging parenting situations. The current study focuses on the predictors of foster parents' stress and examines longitudinally whether parenting stress is associated with foster parents' sensitivity. The sample consisted of 55 children (aged from 1 to 6 years) and their foster caregivers...
March 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Arno Parolini, Aron Shlonsky, Joseph Magruder, Andrea Lane Eastman, Fred Wulczyn, Daniel Webster
Although kinship guardianship is an increasingly important foster care exit pathway for children in the United States, research on the factors leading to kinship guardianship breakdown is lacking. This study examines the factors associated with guardianship breakdown for children who exited foster care to kinship guardianship in California between 2003 and 2010 (N = 18,831). Specifying time-dependent Cox relative risk models, children's age trajectories are directly accounted for in the analysis. This allows differentiation between duration dependence (i...
March 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Glaucia Margonari Bechara, Fernanda Castelo Branco, Avelino Luiz Rodrigues, Daniela Chinnici, David Chaney, Luis Eduardo P Calliari, Denise Reis Franco
BACKGROUND: Although it is known that school care is a major challenge in diabetes treatment, there is still no published international initiative. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to introduce an international educational intervention tool, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) KiDS and Diabetes in Schools project (KiDS project), and to describe its impact on diabetes knowledge and behavior of caregivers and school professionals. METHODS: The KiDS project was developed with the support of IDF and the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes and provides online free material in 10 languages, directed to caregivers and school personnel...
March 4, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
Lauren Hale, Gregory W Kirschen, Monique K LeBourgeois, Michael Gradisar, Michelle M Garrison, Hawley Montgomery-Downs, Howard Kirschen, Susan M McHale, Anne-Marie Chang, Orfeu M Buxton
With the widespread use of portable electronic devices and the normalization of screen media devices in the bedroom, insufficient sleep has become commonplace. In a recent literature review, 90% of included studies found an association between screen media use and delayed bedtime and/or decreased total sleep time. This pervasive phenomenon of pediatric sleep loss has widespread implications. There is a need for basic, translational, and clinical research examining the effects of screen media on sleep loss and health consequences in children and adolescents to educate and motivate clinicians, teachers, parents and youth themselves to foster healthy sleep habits...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Holly Thurston, Sheridan Miyamoto
Child welfare agencies are tasked with investigating allegations of child maltreatment and intervening when necessary. Researchers are turning to the field of predictive analytics to optimize data analysis and data-driven decision making. To demonstrate the utility of statistical algorithms that preceded the current predictive analytics, we used Model Based (MOB) recursive partitioning, a variant of regression analysis known as decision trees, on a dataset of cases and controls with a binary outcome of serious maltreatment (defined as hospitalization or death)...
February 28, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Jasmin Passet-Wittig, Norbert F Schneider
We study whether the imaginability of adoption, foster care, and life without a(nother) child protects from stress during fertility treatment. Data from a self-administered prospective cohort study of couples who had just started treatment were used (T1 = 441 respondents; T2 = 142 respondents). Most respondents cannot imagine alternatives to treatment. Adoption/foster care is preferred over life without children. Imaginability of alternatives is associated with lower fertility-related (T1) and treatment-related stress (T2)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Faisal Rashid, Ian Barron
The current report aims to clarify the practices and implicit intentions of the Holy See in addressing child sexual abuse (CSA) by clerics in the twenty-first century. Church investigation reports, United Nations reports, press coverage, and academic literature were explored to understand the relationship between Church intention and practice. Various types of literature highlight the Roman Catholic Church (RCC) as an organization that is self-referential and self-defensive, with the implicit aim of protecting the reputation of RCC at the expense of children...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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