keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Foster children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325593/evaluating-the-long-term-impact-of-the-fostering-changes-training-programme-for-foster-carers-in-wales-the-confidence-in-care-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Gwenllian Moody, Lucy Brookes-Howell, Rebecca Cannings-John, Sue Channon, Elinor Coulman, Mandy Lau, Alyson Rees, Jonathan Scourfield, Jeremy Segrott, Michael Robling
BACKGROUND: The Fostering Changes programme was developed by the Adoption and Fostering National Team at the Maudsley Hospital, South London, in conjunction with King's College London. It is a 12-week group-based training programme for foster and kin carers, which aims to build positive relationships between carers and children, encourage positive child behaviour and set appropriate limits, through a practical skills-based approach. The programme also aims to improve foster carers' understanding of the causes of children's social and emotional difficulties and their confidence in applying this knowledge in various situations...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316543/the-use-of-external-ventricular-drainage-to-reduce-the-frequency-of-wound-complications-in-myelomeningocele-closure
#2
Michael M McDowell, Philip S Lee, Kimberly A Foster, Stephanie Greene
INTRODUCTION: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is an open neural tube defect routinely surgically closed within 48 h of birth to prevent secondary infection. Up to 18% of patients experience wound complications, and 85% require shunting for hydrocephalus. We hypothesized that wound complications could be reduced by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion at the time of closure. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained to review records of the 88 patients who underwent MMC closure between January 2005 and June 2016 at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh...
January 10, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316477/challenges-of-diagnosing-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-in-foster-and-adopted-children
#3
Ludmila N Bakhireva, Laura Garrison, Shikhar Shrestha, Janet Sharkis, Rajesh Miranda, Karen Rogers
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) might be 10-15 times more prevalent among foster/adopted children compared to the general population; however, many of these children remain undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. The lack of confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) may be a key barrier to diagnosis. Our sample included 681 patients evaluated for FASD, according to the University of Washington 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, at a pediatric specialty clinic. Guardianship status and other patient characteristics were evaluated by multinomial logistic regression as potential predictors of being classified into one of the following FASD groups: 1) full or partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS/pFAS; n = 97); 2) Static Encephalopathy/Alcohol-Exposed (SE/AE) or Neurobehavioral Disorder/Alcohol-Exposed (ND/AE) (n = 135); and 3) some features of FASD (equivalent to pFAS, SE/AE or ND/AE phenotypes) but unknown PAE (n = 449)...
August 24, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313191/paths-to-parenthood-among-self-identified-bisexual-individuals-in-the-united-states
#4
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Elizabeth Bartelt, Megan Simmons, J Dennis Fortenberry
Bisexual parents have been notably absent from prior research on parenting, despite comprising the largest proportion of parents among "lesbian, gay, and bisexual" (LGB) individuals. Indeed, recent national probability data indicate that young bisexual women are more likely than their heterosexual counterparts to report having at least one child. Intentions to have children, patterns of family planning and contraception use, and related issues have important implications for health and healthcare-related decisions and priorities among bisexual parents...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300620/tp53-germline-variations-influence-the-predisposition-and-prognosis-of-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-children
#5
Maoxiang Qian, Xueyuan Cao, Meenakshi Devidas, Wenjian Yang, Cheng Cheng, Yunfeng Dai, Andrew Carroll, Nyla A Heerema, Hui Zhang, Takaya Moriyama, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Heng Xu, Elizabeth Raetz, Eric Larsen, Naomi Winick, W Paul Bowman, Paul L Martin, Elaine R Mardis, Robert Fulton, Gerard Zambetti, Michael Borowitz, Brent Wood, Kim E Nichols, William L Carroll, Ching-Hon Pui, Charles G Mullighan, William E Evans, Stephen P Hunger, Mary V Relling, Mignon L Loh, Jun J Yang
Purpose Germline TP53 variation is the genetic basis of Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a highly penetrant cancer predisposition condition. Recent reports of germline TP53 variants in childhood hypodiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) suggest that this type of leukemia is another manifestation of Li-Fraumeni syndrome; however, the pattern, prevalence, and clinical relevance of TP53 variants in childhood ALL remain unknown. Patients and Methods Targeted sequencing of TP53 coding regions was performed in 3,801 children from the Children's Oncology Group frontline ALL clinical trials, AALL0232 and P9900...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298520/moms-supporting-moms-digital-storytelling-with-peer-mentors-in-recovery-from-substance-use
#6
Mary T Paterno, Alice Fiddian-Green, Aline Gubrium
Substance use disorder (SUD) is a growing issue nationally, and SUD in pregnancy has significant consequences for mothers and their children. This article describes findings from a pilot project that used digital storytelling as a mechanism for understanding substance use and recovery from the perspective of women in recovery from SUD in pregnancy who worked as peer mentors with pregnant women currently experiencing SUD. Research on peer mentorship has primarily focused on outcomes for mentees but not the experience of the peer mentors themselves...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294946/safe-from-harm-youth-self-report-of-physical-assault-in-child-welfare-placements
#7
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr
Although most child welfare placements receive a rigorous assessment and ongoing safety monitoring, it is still unclear which is safest in terms of physical abuse. Our goals for this study were to assess the relative risk of physical assault for different child welfare placements in a national sample of youth and examine that risk within placement types for children with various levels of behavioral problems. Unlike previous studies of assault prevalence, we constrained our analysis to youth self-reports of assaults within a current placement to increase validity...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294828/prevalence-and-correlates-of-forced-sex-as-a-self-reported-mode-of-hiv-acquisition-among-a-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#8
Carmen H Logie, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Nadia O'Brien, Pat O'Campo, Jay MacGillivray, Uzma Ahmed, Nikita Arora, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Tracey Conway, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global epidemic associated with increased HIV exposure. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of HIV acquisition via forced sex among women living with HIV (WLWH) in Canada. Baseline questionnaire data were analyzed for WLWH (≥16 years) with data on self-reported mode of HIV acquisition, enrolled in a community-based cohort study in British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec. We assessed forced sex (childhood, adulthood) as a self-reported mode of HIV acquisition. Of 1,330 participants, the median age was 42 (interquartile range [IQR] = 35-50) years; 23...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286562/isolated-late-testicular-relapse-of-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-treated-with-intensive-systemic-chemotherapy-and-response-based-testicular-radiation-a-children-s-oncology-group-study
#9
Julio C Barredo, Caroline Hastings, Xiamin Lu, F Meenakshi Devidas, Yichen Chen, Daniel Armstrong, Naomi Winick, Brent Lee Wood, Rochelle Yanofsky, Mignon Loh, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Dean Thomas Jorstad, Robert Marcus, Kim Ritchey, William L Carrol, Stephen P Hunger
BACKGROUND: The incidence of isolated testicular relapse (ITR) of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has decreased with contemporary treatment strategies, but outcomes are suboptimal with a 58% 5-year overall survival (OS). This study aimed to improve outcome in patients with ITR of B-cell ALL (B-ALL) occurring after 18 months of first clinical remission using intensive systemic chemotherapy and to decrease long-term sequelae by limiting use of testicular radiation. PROCEDURE: Forty patients in first ITR of B-ALL were enrolled...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285558/meta-ethnography-of-experiences-of-early-discharge-with-a-focus-on-paediatric-febrile-neutropenia
#10
REVIEW
Jessica E Morgan, Jemma Cleminson, Lesley A Stewart, Robert S Phillips, Karl Atkin
PURPOSE (STATING THE MAIN PURPOSES AND RESEARCH QUESTION): Many children have no significant sequelae of febrile neutropenia. A systematic review of clinical studies demonstrated patients at low risk of septic complications can be safely treated as outpatients using oral antibiotics with low rates of treatment failure. Introducing earlier discharge may improve quality of life, reduce hospital acquired infection and reduce healthcare service pressures. However, the review raised concerns that this might not be acceptable to patients, families and healthcare professionals...
December 29, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276324/cost-effectiveness-of-a-school-readiness-intervention-for-foster-children
#11
Frances L Lynch, John F Dickerson, Katherine C Pears, Philip A Fisher
Objective: Many young children in foster care suffer from emotional and behavior problems due to neglect and abuse. These problems can lead to difficulties in school, and functioning in school is linked to long-term health and development. Early intervention to reduce emotional and behavioral issues can help children successfully transition to school, which can improve long-term outcomes. However, communities need information on relative costs and benefits associated with programs to make informed choices...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260923/exploring-engagement-in-a-virtual-community-of-practice-in-pediatric-rehabilitation-who-are-non-users-lurkers-and-posters
#12
Karen Hurtubise, Gabrielle Pratte, Lisa Rivard, Jade Berbari, Léa Héguy, Chantal Camden
PURPOSE: Communities of practice are increasingly recognized in rehabilitation as useful knowledge transfer tools; however, little is known about their users. This exploratory study describes the characteristics of participants and non-participants invited to engage in a pediatric rehabilitation virtual community of practice. In addition, we explored virtual community of practice utilization behaviors, engagement predictors, and the impact of strategies designed to foster engagement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants' demographics including information-seeking style and organization e-readiness, as well as online platform frequency of use data were collected and analyzed using descriptive, comparative, and predictive statistics...
December 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259562/early-adverse-caregiving-experiences-and-preschoolers-current-attachment-affect-brain-responses-during-facial-familiarity-processing-an-erp-study
#13
Melanie T Kungl, Ina Bovenschen, Gottfried Spangler
When being placed into more benign environments like foster care, children from adverse rearing backgrounds are capable of forming attachment relationships to new caregivers within the first year of placement, while certain problematic social behaviors appear to be more persistent. Assuming that early averse experiences shape neural circuits underlying social behavior, neurophysiological studies on individual differences in early social-information processing have great informative value. More precisely, ERP studies have repeatedly shown face processing to be sensitive to experience especially regarding the caregiving background...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249823/flow-cytometric-vs-morphologic-assessment-of-remission-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group-cog
#14
S Gupta, M Devidas, M L Loh, E A Raetz, S Chen, C Wang, P Brown, A J Carroll, N A Heerema, J M Gastier-Foster, K P Dunsmore, E C Larsen, K W Maloney, L A Mattano, S S Winter, N J Winick, W L Carroll, S P Hunger, M Borowitz, B L Wood
Minimal residual disease (MRD) after initial therapy is integral to risk stratification in B- and T-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL, T-ALL). Although MRD determines depth of remission, remission remains defined by morphology. We determined the outcomes of children with discordant assessments of remission by morphology vs flow cytometry using patients aged 1-30.99 years enrolled on Children's Oncology Group ALL trials who underwent bone marrow assessment at the end of induction (N=9350). Morphologic response was assessed locally as M1 (<5% lymphoblasts; remission), M2 (5-25%) or M3 (>25%)...
December 18, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249401/-infants-living-with-their-mothers-in-the-rennes-france-prison-for-women-between-1998%C3%A2-and-2013-facts-and-perspectives
#15
A Blanchard, L Bébin, S Leroux, M Roussey, M-A Horel, M Desforges, I Page, Y Bidet, M Balençon
Every year in France, nearly 50 infants live in a prison nursery with their mother. According to French law, infants can live with their mother in the prison nursery until they reach 18 months of age. The international community is concerned about the lack of validated social, medical and legal data on these infants living in prison. This was a retrospective and descriptive study. Medical and paramedical files of the General Council of Île-et-Vilaine, France, were studied. Every infant born between 1998 and 2013 while their mother was in prison were included...
December 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248084/adolescents-right-to-participate-opportunities-and-challenges-for-health-care-professionals
#16
Jonathan Todres, Angela Diaz
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals and patients are partners in health care delivery, and this partnership is critical in the treatment of adolescents. International children's rights law establishes that all children have a right to participate in decisions that affect their lives. Fulfillment of that right is as critical in health care settings as any other area of children's lives. OBJECTIVES: In this article we examine the right to participate under international children's rights law, its relevance to health care settings, and how health care professionals can foster adolescents' participation to fulfill children's rights and improve health care outcomes...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244624/the-effects-of-psychosocial-deprivation-on-attachment-lessons-from-the-bucharest-early-intervention-project
#17
Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson, Charles H Zeanah
The absence of typical caregiving, including warm and responsive parenting, has been suggested to significantly affect the young child's ability to form adaptive relationships with adults and peers. The Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP), a randomized controlled trial of foster/family care for young children with a history of institutionalization has provided the context to assess these relationships. Here we review data from the BEIP with specific focus on attachment. The findings clearly show the importance of early family care on the emergence of attachment, on the prevention of psychopathology, and on links between brain and social behavior...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242373/changes-in-excess-mortality-from-end-stage-renal-disease-in-the-united-states-from-1995-to-2013
#18
Bethany J Foster, Mark M Mitsnefes, Mourad Dahhou, Xun Zhang, Benjamin L Laskin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with ESRD have a very high risk of death. Although mortality rates have decreased over time in ESRD, it is unknown if improvements merely reflect parallel increases in general population survival. We, therefore, examined changes in the excess risk of all-cause mortality-over and above the risk in the general population-among people treated for ESRD in the United States from 1995 to 2013. We hypothesized that the magnitude of change in the excess risk of death would differ by age and RRT modality...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237154/effects-of-early-life-adversity-on-hippocampal-structures-and-associated-hpa-axis-functions
#19
Brigitte Dahmen, Vanessa B Puetz, Wolfgang Scharke, Georg G von Polier, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Kerstin Konrad
Early-life adversity (ELA) is one of the major risk factors for serious mental and physical health risks later in life. ELA has been associated with dysfunctional neurodevelopment, especially in brain structures such as the hippocampus, and with dysfunction of the stress system, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Children who have experienced ELA are also more likely to suffer from mental health disorders such as depression later in life. The exact interplay of aberrant neurodevelopment and HPA axis dysfunction as risks for psychopathology is not yet clear...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232964/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-family-finding-a-relative-search-and-engagement-intervention-for-youth-lingering-in-foster-care
#20
Sharon Vandivere, Karin E Malm, Tiffany J Allen, Sarah Catherine Williams, Amy McKlindon
BACKGROUND: Youth who have experienced foster care are at risk of negative outcomes in adulthood. The family finding model aims to promote more positive outcomes by finding and engaging relatives of children in foster care in order to provide options for legal and emotional permanency. OBJECTIVES: The present study tested whether family finding, as implemented in North Carolina from 2008 through 2011, improved child welfare outcomes for youth at risk of emancipating foster care without permanency...
December 2017: Evaluation Review
keyword
keyword
74221
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"