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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790268/ask-me-children-s-experiences-of-pain-explored-using-the-draw-write-and-tell-method
#1
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
PURPOSE: Pain management within emergency departments (ED) remains challenging. Given that unrelieved pain in children is linked to a number of negative physiological and psychological consequences, optimal management of children's pain is paramount. Many studies exploring children's pain have adopted quantitative methods or sought the perspectives of adults. Compared to adults, studies examining children's views on pain and pain management are limited. This study aimed to explore children's pain experiences, their perception of pain management and expectations of the role of the nurse...
May 23, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#2
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778301/behavioral-coping-plans-one-inter-professional-team-s-approach-to-patient-centered-care
#3
Katherine Wittling, Jessica Palumbo Dufur, Ashley McClain, Margaret Gettis
BACKGROUND: Surgical encounters for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are stressful to patients, families and health care providers. It is recognized that parents best anticipate needs of children with ASD. Including a family in the plan of care for the child is imperative. In response to the need for targeted, tailored care, an inter-professional surgical services team convened to determine best practices for addressing a behavioral and developmental plan for children with ASD in the surgical services arena...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774803/-the-financial-is-the-main-issue-it-s-not-even-the-child-exploring-the-role-of-finances-in-men-s-concepts-of-fatherhood-and-fertility-intention
#4
Megan Hamm, Elizabeth Miller, Lovie Jackson Foster, Mario Browne, Sonya Borrero
Despite demonstrable need, men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services remains low. This low utilization may particularly affect low-income men, given the disproportionate prevalence of unintended pregnancy in low-income populations. Bolstering men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services requires understanding the services that are most relevant to them. Semistructured interviews about fatherhood, fertility intention, and contraceptive use were conducted with 58 low-income Black and White men in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773268/recent-therapeutic-advances-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#5
REVIEW
Gabriella Giancane, Alessandra Alongi, Silvia Rosina, Jessica Tibaldi, Alessandro Consolaro, Angelo Ravelli
Over the past two decades, the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has been revolutionized by the increased tendency toward early aggressive interventions and the availability of the novel biologic medications. In 2017, three novel randomized controlled trials have evaluated the effectiveness and tolerability of golimumab and tocilizumab in polyarticular JIA, and shown that methotrexate may increase and prolong the effect of intra-articular corticosteroid injection in children with oligoarthritis...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773123/circumstances-of-child-deaths-in-mali-and-uganda-a-community-based-confidential-enquiry
#6
Merlin L Willcox, Elias Kumbakumba, Drissa Diallo, Vincent Mubangizi, Peter Kirabira, Florence Nakaggwa, Birungi Mutahunga, Chiaka Diakité, Eugene Dembélé, Mamadou Traoré, Pierre Daou, Drissa Bamba, Amadou Traoré, Diafara Berthé, Nick Wooding, Kieran Dinwoodie, Sarah Capewell, Hamish Foster, Rowena Neville, Joseph Ngonzi, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Mant, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce child deaths in Africa have often underachieved, causing the Millennium Development Goal targets to be missed. We assessed whether a community enquiry into the circumstances of death could improve intervention effectiveness by identifying local avoidable factors and explaining implementation failures. METHODS: Deaths of children younger than 5 years were ascertained by community informants in two districts in Mali (762 deaths) and three districts in Uganda (442 deaths) in 2011-15...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769155/fostering-career-awareness-in-elementary-schools-evaluation-of-an-intervention-proposal
#7
Renato Gomes Carvalho, Margarida Pocinho, Débora Fernandes
Research literature has been increasingly focusing on children's career development, especially when school contexts are considered. In the present study, we evaluate the efficacy of a short-term intervention program designed to foster career awareness in elementary school. The sample consisted of 155 Portuguese fifth- and sixth-grade students, aged nine to fifteen years old (M = 11, SD = 1). With a quasi-experimental design, the sample was divided into two groups, namely, the participants in the program and the controls...
May 17, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768675/developing-self-regulation-in-a-dysregulating-world-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up-for-a-toddler-in-foster-care
#8
Steven D Imrisek, Katerina Castaño, Kristin Bernard
Toddlers in foster care have typically experienced histories of maltreatment and disruptions in relationships with primary caregivers. As a result, they are at increased risk for developing disorganized attachment and showing emotional, behavioral, and physiological dysregulation. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers in Foster Care (ABC-T) was developed to address the needs of these vulnerable children by supporting foster parents in responding with nurturance to children's distress, following children's lead, and helping children calm when they are becoming overwhelmed or dysregulated...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757103/end-of-life-trends-and-patterns-among-children-in-the-us-foster-care-system-2005-2015
#9
Lisa C Lindley, Elspeth M Slayter
Drawing on national, longitudinal Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System data (2005-2015), demographic, health, foster care, and geographic characteristics of decedents (N = 3,653) aged 1-17 years were examined. On average, decedents were 6 years old, the highest proportion died as infants, and experienced significant trauma in their short lives either through maltreatment or exposure to parental substance use. A noted increase in Medicaid coverage among decedents over time suggests critical access to concurrent treatment and hospice care, but this is unavailable to children with private insurance...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753525/evolving-biopsy-techniques-for-the-diagnosis-of-neuroblastoma-in-children
#10
Giovanni Campagna, Eric Rosenfeld, Jennifer Foster, Sanjeev Vasudevan, Jed Nuchtern, Eugene Kim, Sarah Commander, Bindi Naik-Mathuria
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To compare the adequacy and safety of percutaneous core needle biopsy and surgical wedge biopsy of neuroblastoma in children. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent biopsy for intermediate- or high-risk neuroblastoma at our institution between 2011 and 2015 was performed (recent cohort). Procedure details and outcomes were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon rank tests; P < 0.05 was considered significant...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750620/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-in-foster-care-children-and-adolescents
#11
A Solis-Riggioni, C Gallardo-Barquero, D Chavarria-Bolaños
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among institutionalized children and adolescents in San José, Costa Rica. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 201 children and adolescents between the ages of 2 and 17 years. Participants were selected by following pre-established criteria from 33 shelters located in the province of San José, Costa Rica. The International Caries Detection Assessment System (ICDAS) method was used for caries assessment...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746800/determinants-of-playfulness-of-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Lisa A Chiarello, Doreen J Bartlett, Robert J Palisano, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Lynn Jeffries, Alyssa LaForme Fiss, Piotr Wilk
PURPOSE: To identify child, family, and service determinants of playfulness of young children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Participants were 429 children, 18-60 months. Children were divided into two groups, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-II and III-V. Therapists collected data on body functions and gross motor function; parents provided information about children's health conditions and adaptive behavior, family life, and services. One year after the beginning of the study, therapists assessed children's playfulness...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738656/perceptions-of-childcare-staff-for-preventing-overweight-in-mexican-preschool-children-a-swot-analysis
#13
Doris Verónica Ortega-Altamirano, Guadalupe Rodríguez-Oliveros, Marco Aurelio González-Unzaga, Hortensia Reyes-Morales
OBJECTIVE: To identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) perceived by childcare staff for preventing childhood overweight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative study using an interpretative phenomenological approach; 18 in-depth, semi-structured interviews and 12 focus groups with 89 key informants working in six Mexican public childcare centers (CCC) were conducted. Through content and SWOT analyses, experts further ranked fifty-nine recurrent perceptions regarding healthy feeding and physical activity (PA), using the Delphi method...
March 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727766/ameliorating-the-biological-impacts-of-childhood-adversity-a-review-of-intervention-programs
#14
REVIEW
Sukhdip K Purewal Boparai, Vanessa Au, Kadiatou Koita, Debora Lee Oh, Susan Briner, Nadine Burke Harris, Monica Bucci
Childhood adversity negatively impacts the biological development of children and has been linked to poor health outcomes across the life course. The purpose of this literature review is to explore and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions that have addressed an array of biological markers and physical health outcomes in children and adolescents affected by adversity. PubMed, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Sociological Abstracts databases and additional sources (Cochrane, WHO, NIH trial registries) were searched for English language studies published between January 2007 and September 2017...
May 1, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723028/children-s-behavioral-health-needs-and-satisfaction-and-commitment-of-foster-and-adoptive-parents-do-trauma-informed-services-make-a-difference
#15
Erin R Barnett, Sarah E Cleary, Rebecca L Butcher, Mary K Jankowski
OBJECTIVE: Caring for children in foster or adoptive care with behavioral health needs can severely stress parents, contributing to adverse outcomes for children and families. Trauma-informed services from the child welfare and mental health sectors may help prevent poor outcomes by helping children and parents identify and understand trauma and its impact on children's behavioral health and receive effective treatment. To help understand the role of trauma-informed services for the child welfare population, we examined whether trauma-informed child welfare and mental health services moderated the relationship between children's behavioral health needs and parent satisfaction and commitment...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720361/automated-modular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-clinical-decision-support-system-miror-an-application-in-pediatric-cancer-diagnosis
#16
Niloufar Zarinabad, Emma M Meeus, Karen Manias, Katharine Foster, Andrew Peet
BACKGROUND: Advances in magnetic resonance imaging and the introduction of clinical decision support systems has underlined the need for an analysis tool to extract and analyze relevant information from magnetic resonance imaging data to aid decision making, prevent errors, and enhance health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design and develop a modular medical image region of interest analysis tool and repository (MIROR) for automatic processing, classification, evaluation, and representation of advanced magnetic resonance imaging data...
May 2, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716471/-treatment-satisfaction-of-mothers-with-postpartum-depression-concerning-circle-of-security-intervention
#17
Sarah Luisa Moschner, Sandra Achtergarde, Brigitte Ramsauer
Treatment Satisfaction of Mothers with Postpartum Depression Concerning Circle of Security Intervention Treatment satisfaction of mothers with postpartum depression who undergo mother-infant treatment is rarely examined, albeit seen as one aspect of treatment success. This study deals with maternal treatment satisfaction concerning the Circle of Security (COS) group intervention, compared to standard-mother-infant treatment (TAU), within a RCT trial. Treatment satisfaction was captured by the Fragebogen zur Beurteilung der Behandlung (FBB-E) of 52 mothers assigned to COS or TAU at children's age between 16 to 18 months...
May 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715597/a-systematic-review-of-game-technologies-for-pediatric-patients
#18
REVIEW
Sandra Jurdi, Jorge Montaner, Fernando Garcia-Sanjuan, Javier Jaen, Vicente Nacher
Children in hospital are subjected to multiple negative stimuli that may hinder their development and social interactions. Although game technologies are thought to improve children's experience in hospital, there is a lack of information on how they can be used effectively. This paper presents a systematic review of the literature on the existing approaches in this context to identify gaps for future research. A total of 1305 studies were identified, of which 75 were thoroughly analyzed according to our review protocol...
April 25, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707569/a-longitudinal-study-for-the-empirical-validation-of-an-etiopathogenetic-model-of-internet-addiction-in-adolescence-based-on-early-emotion-regulation
#19
Silvia Cimino, Luca Cerniglia
Several etiopathogenetic models have been conceptualized for the onset of Internet Addiction (IA). However, no study had evaluated the possible predictive effect of early emotion regulation strategies on the development of IA in adolescence. In a sample of N = 142 adolescents with Internet Addiction, this twelve-year longitudinal study aimed at verifying whether and how emotion regulation strategies (self-focused versus other-focused) at two years of age were predictive of school-age children's internalizing/externalizing symptoms, which in turn fostered Internet Addiction (compulsive use of the Web versus distressed use) in adolescence...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706162/course-of-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-from-early-childhood-to-early-adolescence
#20
Katherine L Guyon-Harris, Kathryn L Humphreys, Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson, Charles H Zeanah
OBJECTIVE: Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is poorly understood beyond early childhood. The course of DSED signs in a sample of children who experienced severe, early deprivation from early childhood to early adolescence was examined using variable-centered (linear mixed modeling) and person-centered (growth mixture modeling) approaches. METHOD: The study included 124 children with a history of institutional care from a randomized controlled trial of foster care as an alternative to institutional care and 69 community comparison children matched by age and sex...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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