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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721693/towards-relational-recovery-nurses-practices-with-consumers-and-families-with-dependent-children-in-mental-health-inpatient-units
#1
Kim Foster, Sophie Isobel
Facilitating parent-child and family connections during parental hospitalization provides important opportunities for mental health services to support individual and family recovery. Nurses are often the primary point of contact for families in the inpatient context. They play an integral role in the care provision of consumers and families and in supporting consumers' recovery. The aim of the present qualitative study was to explore nurses' practice with families in inpatient mental health settings in the context of designated family rooms...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712160/perspectives-on-childhood-resilience-among-the-aboriginal-community-an-interview-study
#2
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Janice Nixon, Peter Fernando, Deanna Kalucy, Simone Sherriff, Kathleen Clapham, Jonathan C Craig, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To describe Aboriginal community members' perspectives on the outcomes and origins of resilience among Aboriginal children. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 36 Aboriginal adults (15 health service professionals, 8 youth workers and 13 community members) at two urban and one regional Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in New South Wales. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically. RESULTS: We identified six themes: withstanding risk (displaying normative development, possessing inner fortitude); adapting to adversity (necessary endurance, masking inner vulnerabilities); positive social influences (secure family environments, role modelling healthy behaviours and relationships); instilling cultural identity (investing in Aboriginal knowledge, building a strong cultural self-concept); community safeguards (offering strategic sustainable services, holistic support, shared responsibility, providing enriching opportunities); and personal empowerment (awareness of positive pathways, developing self-respect, fostering positive decision making)...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710531/longitudinal-associations-of-parental-emotion-socialization-and-children-s-emotion-regulation-the-moderating-role-of-adhd-symptomatology
#3
Rosanna P Breaux, Julia D McQuade, Elizabeth A Harvey, Rebecca J Zakarian
Theory and research suggest that parents' reactions to children's emotions play a critical role in teaching children effective emotion regulation (ER) skills, but no studies have directly examined the role that parent emotion socialization plays in the development of ER in children with ADHD. Gaining insight into the causes of impaired ER, particularly in youth with ADHD who are known to have poor ER, has important theoretical and translational significance. The present study is the first to longitudinally examine whether emotion socialization predicts later physiological and adult-reported measures of ER in children with and without ADHD...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708838/decreasing-rates-of-disorganised-attachment-in-infants-and-young-children-who-are-at-risk-of-developing-or-who-already-have-disorganised-attachment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-early-parenting-interventions
#4
Barry Wright, Lisa Hackney, Ellen Hughes, Melissa Barry, Danya Glaser, Vivien Prior, Victoria Allgar, David Marshall, Jamie Barrow, Natalie Kirby, Megan Garside, Pulkit Kaushal, Amanda Perry, Dean McMillan
BACKGROUND: Disorganised attachment patterns in infants have been linked to later psychopathology. Services have variable practices for identifying and providing interventions for families of children with disorganised attachment patterns, which is the attachment pattern leading to most future psychopathology. Several recent government reports have highlighted the need for better parenting interventions in at risk groups. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of available parenting interventions for families of children at high risk of developing, or already showing, a disorganised pattern of attachment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704093/how-are-fathers-demographic-characteristics-related-to-preschool-age-children-s-weight-and-obesity-risk-factors
#5
Rachel L Vollmer, Kari Adamsons, Jaime S Foster, Amy R Mobley
Fathers (n = 149) of preschool children were interviewed using the Child Feeding, Role of the Father (ROF), and ROF at Mealtimes (ROFM) questionnaires to determine whether fathers' demographic characteristics are associated with child overweight. Low-income was associated with higher pressure to eat (p = .006) and perceived their child as higher weight (p = .001). Higher education level was associated with lower ROF (p = .018) and ROFM (p = .002) and higher child diet quality (p = .002). Father's BMI was positively associated with ROFM (p = ...
July 13, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696504/association-of-mycn-copy-number-with-clinical-features-tumor-biology-and-outcomes-in-neuroblastoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#6
Kevin Campbell, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Meegan Mann, Arlene H Naranjo, Collin Van Ryn, Rochelle Bagatell, Katherine K Matthay, Wendy B London, Meredith S Irwin, Hiroyuki Shimada, M Meaghan Granger, Michael D Hogarty, Julie R Park, Steven G DuBois
BACKGROUND: High-level MYCN amplification (MNA) is associated with poor outcome and unfavorable clinical and biological features in patients with neuroblastoma. To the authors' knowledge, less is known regarding these associations in patients with low-level MYCN copy number increases. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the authors classified patients has having tumors with MYCN wild-type tumors, MYCN gain (2-4-fold increase in MYCN signal compared with the reference probe), or MNA (>4-fold increase)...
July 11, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692831/children-s-quantitative-bayesian-inferences-from-natural-frequencies-and-number-of-chances
#7
Stefania Pighin, Vittorio Girotto, Katya Tentori
Zhu and Gigerenzer (2006) showed that an appreciable number of Chinese children aged between 9 and 12years old made correct quantitative Bayesian inferences requiring the integration of priors and likelihoods as long as they were presented with numerical information phrased in terms of natural frequencies. In this study, we sought to replicate this finding and extend the investigation of children's Bayesian reasoning to a different numerical format (chances) and other probability questions (distributive and relative)...
July 7, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686142/care-and-supportive-measures-in-school-aged-children-with-prenatal-substance-exposure
#8
Lisbeth B Sandtorv, Siren Haugland, Irene Elgen
AIMS: Prenatal exposure to substances, including alcohol, opiates, and a number of illicit drugs, may have a negative impact on fetal development. Studies have shown that substance exposure can influence a child's neurodevelopment and the need for care and supportive measures. In this study, we aimed to investigate the care status and the level of supportive measures in school-aged children prenatally exposed to alcohol and other substances. METHODS: This study included children aged between 6 and 14 years who were referred to Haukeland University Hospital in Norway with developmental impairment and a history of prenatal substance exposure...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686121/surgical-and-molecular-considerations-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-thalamopeduncular-tumors
#9
Ryan P Lee, Kimberly A Foster, Jock C Lillard, Paul Klimo, David W Ellison, Brent Orr, Frederick A Boop
OBJECTIVE Thalamopeduncular tumors are a group of pediatric low-grade gliomas that arise at the interface of the thalamus and brainstem peduncle. They typically occur within the first 2 decades of life, presenting with progressive spastic hemiparesis. Treatment strategies, including surgical intervention, have varied significantly. The authors present their experience in the treatment of 13 children, ages 2-15 years, with non-neurofibromatosis-related pilocytic astrocytomas located in the thalamopeduncular region...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684888/elementary-students-effortful-control-and-academic-achievement-the-mediating-role-of-teacher-student-relationship-quality
#10
Maciel M Hernández, Carlos Valiente, Nancy Eisenberg, Rebecca H Berger, Tracy L Spinrad, Sarah K VanSchyndel, Kassondra M Silva, Jody Southworth, Marilyn S Thompson
This study evaluated the association between effortful control in kindergarten and academic achievement one year later (N = 301), and whether teacher-student closeness and conflict in kindergarten mediated the association. Parents, teachers, and observers reported on children's effortful control, and teachers reported on their perceived levels of closeness and conflict with students. Students completed the passage comprehension and applied problems subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson tests of achievement, as well as a behavioral measure of effortful control...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683588/auditory-pitch-perception-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-associated-with-nonverbal-abilities
#11
Rakhee Chowdhury, Megha Sharda, Nicholas E V Foster, Esther Germain, Ana Tryfon, Krissy Doyle-Thomas, Evdokia Anagnostou, Krista L Hyde
Atypical sensory perception and heterogeneous cognitive profiles are common features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, previous findings on auditory sensory processing in ASD are mixed. Accordingly, auditory perception and its relation to cognitive abilities in ASD remain poorly understood. Here, children with ASD, and age- and intelligence quotient (IQ)-matched typically developing children, were tested on a low- and a higher level pitch processing task. Verbal and nonverbal cognitive abilities were measured using the Wechsler's Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683378/a-prospective-study-of-associations-among-helping-health-and-longevity
#12
Sonja Hilbrand, David A Coall, Andrea H Meyer, Denis Gerstorf, Ralph Hertwig
How does helping behavior contribute to the health and the longevity of older helpers? From an evolutionary perspective, the ultimate cause may be rooted in ancestral parenting and grandparenting. These activities may have generalized to a neural and hormonal caregiving system that also enabled prosocial behavior beyond the family. From a psychological perspective, helping others may be associated with healthy aging, which, in turn, contributes to longevity as a proximate cause. Yet little is known about the extent to which mediating factors such as the health benefits of helping behaviors translate into enhanced longevity, particularly in regard to grandparenting...
June 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681920/how-do-foster-carers-manage-the-oral-health-of-children-in-foster-care-a-qualitative-study
#13
Vanessa Muirhead, Sri-Kavi Subramanian, Desmond Wright, Ferranti S L Wong
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored how the foster family environment influenced children's oral health. It also aimed to better understand foster carers' oral health knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing foster children's oral health behaviours and oral health care. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) study design was used to recruit a purposive sample of foster carers in Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom, from a range of backgrounds (maximum variation sampling)...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679837/neuronal-networks-in-the-developing-brain-are-adversely-modulated-by-early-psychosocial-neglect
#14
Catherine Stamoulis, Ross E Vanderwert, Charles H Zeanah, Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson
The brain's neural circuitry plays a ubiquitous role across domains in cognitive processing and undergoes extensive re-organization during the course of development in part as a result of experience. In this paper we investigated the effects of profound early psychosocial neglect associated with institutional rearing on the development of task-independent brain networks, estimated from longitudinally acquired electroencephalographic (EEG) data from <30 to 96 months, in three cohorts of children from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP), including abandoned children reared in institutions who were randomly assigned either to a foster care intervention or to remain in care as usual and never institutionalized children...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669837/the-microbiological-mind-project-a-public-engagement-initiative-of-turin-university-bringing-microbiology-and-health-education-into-primary-schools
#15
Daniela Scalas, Janira Roana, Narcisa Mandras, Sonia Cuccu, Giuliana Banche, Elisa Simona Marra, Nicoletta Collino, Giorgia Piersigilli, Valeria Allizond, Vivian Tullio, Anna Maria Cuffini
Despite ongoing global efforts, antimicrobial resistance continues to threaten the treatment of an ever-increasing range of bacterial infections. Substantial evidence has shown that public education programs that foster microbial literacy amongst young school audiences may improve correct knowledge of specific health issues, such as prevention of microbial infections and responsible use of antibiotics. The aim of the Microbiological@mind project was to engage primary school students with the subject of microbiology, to promote both scientific interest and awareness towards correct behaviors that may ensure a safer lifestyle...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666173/linking-routinely-collected-social-work-education-and-health-data-to-enable-monitoring-of-the-health-and-health-care-of-school-aged-children-in-state-care-looked-after-children-in-scotland-a-national-demonstration-project
#16
D Clark, A King, K Sharpe, G Connelly, L Elliott, L M D Macpherson, A D McMahon, I Milligan, P Wilson, D I Conway, R Wood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children in state care ('looked after children') have poorer health than children who are not looked after. Recent developments in Scotland and elsewhere have aimed to improve services and outcomes for looked after children. Routine monitoring of the health outcomes of looked after children compared to those of their non-looked after peers is currently lacking. Developing capacity for comparative monitoring of population-based outcomes based on linkage of routinely collected administrative data has been identified as a priority...
June 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665965/the-internal-structure-of-foster-parent-completed-sdq-for-school-aged-children
#17
Stine Lehmann, Tormod Bøe, Kyrre Breivik
Mental health problems are common in foster-children, and tools to measure the mental health of these children are needed. One candidate instrument is the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a measure of child psychological adjustment that is increasingly being employed by Child Protection services. The aim of the current study was to examine the structural validity of the foster parent completed SDQ in a sample of 237 school aged foster children. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated an excellent fit of the foster parent completed SDQ data to a five-factor model (CFI = 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664570/swedish-population-based-study-of-pupils-showed-that-foster-children-faced-increased-risks-for-ill-health-negative-lifestyles-and-school-failure
#18
Lisbet Engh, Staffan Janson, Birgitta Svensson, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Ulla-Britt Eriksson
AIM: This population-based study explored if foster children faced a higher risk of health problems than children of the same age who were not in foster care. METHODS: Data for 13,739 pupils aged 10, 13 and 16 years were obtained from the Pupil Health Database in the county of Värmland, Sweden, for the school years 2012/2013 and 2013/2014. These included data on school performance, health, lifestyle and social relationships, based on children's interviews with school nurses...
June 30, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661889/voices-in-the-wilderness-co-location-meeting-the-needs-of-children-in-protective-care
#19
Graham Swanson, Michael Mills, Amie Davis, Anne Kittler, Vivian R Ramsden
OBJECTIVE: To explore how access to a family medicine clinic co-locating with the Children's Aid Society (CAS) of Hamilton in Ontario helped meet the unique needs of children in care. DESIGN: Qualitative research using semistructured face-to-face and telephone interviews. SETTING: The CAS of Hamilton. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen foster parents. METHODS: Stakeholders were invited to participate with flyers posted in the clinic, notices that were mailed to foster parents, personal invitations that were distributed during clinic visits, and an internal memo that was distributed to the CAS staff...
November 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659651/poverty-among-foster-children-estimates-using-the-supplemental-poverty-measure
#20
Jessica Pac, Jane Waldfogel, Christopher Wimer
We use data from the Current Population Survey and the new Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) to provide estimates for poverty among foster children over the period 1992 to 2013. These are the first large-scale national estimates for foster children who are not included in official poverty statistics. Holding child and family demographics constant, foster children have a lower risk of poverty than other children. Analyzing income in detail suggests that foster care payments likely play an important role in reducing the risk of poverty in this group...
March 2017: Social Service Review
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