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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919001/the-impact-of-changing-neighborhoods-switching-schools-and-experiencing-relationship-disruption-on-children-s-adjustment-to-a-new-placement-in-foster-care
#1
Kya Fawley-King, Emily V Trask, Jinjin Zhang, Gregory A Aarons
When children enter a new foster care placement they may experience several different transitions. Not only will a child move in with a new family, he or she may move to a different neighborhood, change schools, lose contact with old friends, be placed apart from one or more siblings, and have limited contact with his or her biological parents. The current study examined the impact of these transitions on foster children's adjustment to a new placement in out-of-home care. The sample consisted of 152 youth ages 6-17...
December 2, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916424/caring-for-children-with-medical-complexity-perspectives-of-primary-care-providers
#2
Carolyn C Foster, Rita Mangione-Smith, Tamara D Simon
OBJECTIVE: To describe typical care experiences and key barriers and facilitators to caring for children with medical complexity (CMC) from the perspective of community primary care providers (PCPs). STUDY DESIGN: PCPs participating in a randomized controlled trial of a care-coordination intervention for CMC were sent a 1-time cross-sectional survey that asked PCPs to (1) describe their experiences with caring for CMC; (2) identify key barriers affecting their ability to care for CMC; and (3) prioritize facilitators enhancing their ability to provide care coordination for CMC...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915488/psychological-impact-on-caregivers-of-hiv-infected-children-in-udupi-district-karnataka
#3
Md Asadullah, Ramachandra Kamath, Sanjay Pattanshetty, Teddy Andrews, N Sreekumaran Nair
Caregivers of children living with HIV/AIDS (CLWHA) face unique challenges due to disease-related stigma and discrimination, isolation from society, financial constraints, grief and mortality of loved one. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Udupi ART centre to assess the caregiver burden, psychological distress and their associated factors among the caregivers of CLWHA in Udupi District. The convenience sampling technique was used to collect the data from 171 caregivers and analysed with the help of SPSS version 15...
December 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909237/the-impact-of-foster-parent-training-on-parenting-skills-and-child-disruptive-behavior-a-meta-analysis
#4
David T Solomon, Larissa N Niec, Ciera E Schoonover
Children in foster care are at risk for behavioral and emotional problems that require higher levels of care than other children. To meet these needs and reduce placement disruptions, foster parents require effective parenting skills. Although a number of training models have been evaluated, the findings on the efficacy of foster parent training (FPT) are mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis of the FPT outcome research from 1984 to 2014 to develop a clearer understanding of the impact of such trainings. Fifteen samples (16 studies) were identified that investigated the impact of FPT on self-reported parenting skills and knowledge and child problem behaviors...
November 30, 2016: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902951/exploring-children-s-perspectives-of-engagement-with-their-carers-using-factor-analysis
#5
Tania Withington, Ray Duplock, Judith Burton, Areana Eivers, Bob Lonne
Positive engagement between a child and carer in out-of-home care is understood to have long-term benefits for children who have experienced abuse or neglect. This study analysed data from the 'Views of Children and Young People in Foster Care 2009' survey of 937 children in out-of-home care in Queensland, Australia, to identify factors that supported or hindered engagement between a child and carer. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and structural regression were used. Findings suggest that children's engagement with their carer is influenced by a range of internal and external factors including child characteristics, the care experience, contact with biological parents, and placement trajectory...
November 27, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899208/sroi-in-the-pay-for-success-context-are-they-at-odds
#6
Robert L Fischer, Francisca García-Cobián Richter
The Pay For Success (PFS) and Social Impact Bond (SIB) movements to date have focused heavily on shorter-term outcomes that can be monetized and show clear savings to government entities. In part, this focus derives from the need to specify contract payments based on a narrow set of well measured outcomes (e.g., avoided days in jail and foster care, decreased use of behavioral health services). Meanwhile efforts to measure the social return on investment (SROI) of interventions have sought to expand the view of relevant outcomes to include domains that lend themselves less clearly to monetization...
November 21, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896832/leaving-foster-or-residential-care-a-participatory-study-of-care-leavers-experiences-of-health-and-social-care-transitions
#7
K Liabo, C McKenna, A Ingold, H Roberts
BACKGROUND: Young people in residential or foster care experience multiple transitions around their 18(th) birthday without the long term and consistent support from their family of origin that most of their peers can expect. We report a mixed methods qualitative study of transitions across health and social care services for children leaving care, providing narratives of what young people described as positive, and what they and professionals think might be improved. METHODS: Data were collected in participatory meetings and individual interviews between young people and researchers (n = 24) and individual interviews with practitioners (n = 11)...
November 29, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891110/-my-child-has-cerebral-palsy-parental-involvement-and-children-s-school-engagement
#8
Armanda Pereira, Tânia Moreira, Sílvia Lopes, Ana R Nunes, Paula Magalhães, Sonia Fuentes, Natalia Reoyo, José C Núñez, Pedro Rosário
Engaged students tend to show school-committed behaviors (e.g., attend classes, get involved with the learning process), high achievement, and sense of belonging. However, students with disabilities are prone to show a lack of engagement with school due to the specific difficulties they have to handle. In fact, children with disabilities are likely to show poor participation in school when compared with children without disabilities. This poor involvement is related to their low autonomy to participate in the school activities, which, in turn, results in low school engagement...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888737/an-intervention-to-improve-sibling-relationship-quality-among-youth-in-foster-care-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Brianne H Kothari, Bowen McBeath, Paul Sorenson, Lew Bank, Jeff Waid, Sara Jade Webb, Joel Steele
Sibling programming is an important part of a prevention framework, particularly for youth in foster care. After children are removed from their families and placed into foster care in the aftermath of maltreatment, the sibling relationship is often the most viable ongoing relationship available to the child, and may be critical to a youth's sense of connection, emotional support, and continuity. The promise of dyadic sibling programming in particular rests on the ability of interventions to enhance the quality of sibling relationships; yet little research exists that suggests that sibling interventions can improve relationship quality among foster youth...
November 23, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876269/a-social-ecology-analysis-of-childbirth-among-females-emancipating-from-foster-care
#10
Svetlana Shpiegel, Michele Cascardi, Michael Dineen
PURPOSE: No research has examined childbirth from a national perspective among females emancipating from foster care. The present study fills this gap by: (1) documenting the rates of initial and repeat births among females ages 17 and 19 in a national prospective study and (2) identifying risk and protective factors at age 17 that predict childbirth between ages 17 and 19. METHODS: This study used data from the National Youth in Transition Database and Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System to identify risk and protective factors associated with childbirth in a national sample of transition-age female youth (N = 3,474)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875603/emr-based-intervention-improves-lead-screening-at-an-urban-family-medicine-practice
#11
Kathryn McGrath, Krys Foster, Patrick Doggett, Marc Altshuler, Jewel Osborne-Wu, Christine Castellan, Kelly Lopez, Pheobe Askie, Daniel Chung, Laura Parente, Yury Parra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Elevated blood lead levels have well-described detrimental effects to growth and development in children, yet screening rates remain low. We sought to determine if a reminder within the electronic health record (EHR) could change provider behavior and improve blood lead level (BLL) screening test ordering rates in an urban academic family medicine practice. METHODS: Baseline BLL test ordering rates were calculated for children ages 9-72 months...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870589/results-of-a-prospective-study-evaluating-a-non-invasive-method-of-hemoglobin-adjustment-for-determining-the-diffusing-capacity-of-the-lung
#12
Karla E Foster, Rashmi D Sahay, Nanhua Zhang, William D Hardie
RATIONALE: Measurement of the lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is significantly influenced by the pulmonary capillary blood volume. Consequently, measurements require adjustment for blood hemoglobin concentration (DLCOADJ) to allow meaningful clinical interpretation. Noninvasive point-of-care devices that measure hemoglobin transcutaneously provide immediate values for hemoglobin that may be useful in pulmonary function laboratories for determining DLCOADJ. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that DLCOADJ determinations obtained using a commerciallyavailable device for noninvasive, point-of-care measurement of blood hemoglobin concentrations are not importantly different from determinations obtained using hemoglobin concentrations measured conventionally on venous blood samples...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868232/prospective-longitudinal-associations-between-household-smoke-exposure-in-early-childhood-and-antisocial-behavior-at%C3%A2-age-12
#13
L S Pagani, F Lévesque-Seck, I Archambault, M Janosz
Young children exert little control over household tobacco smoke exposure, which is considered a developmental neurotoxicant. Using the Quebec Longitudinal Study birth cohort, we examine prospective associations between early childhood smoke exposure and later antisocial behavior. Parents of 1035 children reported on the presence of household smokers at seven follow-ups from ages 1.5 to 7.5. At age 12, children self-reported on five aspects of early antisocial dispositions. After adjusting for confounders, every standard deviation increase in household smoke exposure was prospectively associated with a 19% standard deviation unit increase in conduct problems (β=0...
November 20, 2016: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865141/fostering-secure-attachment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-suggestions-for-evidence-based-interventions
#14
Michelle E Alto, Christie L M Petrenko
Children struggling with the effects of trauma in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) face a substantial mental health resource gap that limits their opportunities for positive psychosocial development. Multidisciplinary interventions working to close this gap may benefit from incorporating an empirically supported treatment (EST) into their approach that targets a universal mechanism implicated in resilience, like attachment. ESTs should be selected based on their level of empirical support and cultural adaptability, and then modified on the basis of qualitative evaluations conducted with the local population and stakeholders...
February 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862851/barriers-and-facilitators-to-initial-and-continued-attendance-at-community-based-lifestyle-programmes-among-families-of-overweight-and-obese-children-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
E Kelleher, M P Davoren, J M Harrington, F Shiely, I J Perry, S M McHugh
The success of childhood weight management programmes relies on family engagement. While attendance offers many benefits including the support to make positive lifestyle changes, the majority of families referred to treatment decline. Moreover, for those who do attend, benefits are often compromised by high programme attrition. This systematic review investigated factors influencing attendance at community-based lifestyle programmes among families of overweight or obese children. A narrative synthesis approach was used to allow for the inclusion of quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method study designs...
November 10, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862534/father-absence-but-not-fosterage-predicts-food-insecurity-relative-poverty-and-poor-child-health-in-northern-tanzania
#16
David W Lawson, Susan B Schaffnit, Anushé Hassan, Esther Ngadaya, Bernard Ngowi, Sayoki G M Mfinanga, Susan James, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder
OBJECTIVES: The importance of fathers in ensuring child health in rural developing populations is questioned by anthropologists and population health scientists. Existing literature focuses on paternal death and child mortality. A relative lack of studies consider alternative forms of father absence and/or more subtle health outcomes. Here we determine the frequency and form of father absence in northern Tanzania, and its relationship to household food security, wealth, and child anthropometric status...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858722/defective-chromatic-and-achromatic-visual-pathways-in-developmental-dyslexia-cues-for-an-integrated-intervention-programme
#17
Luca Bonfiglio, Tommaso Bocci, Fabrizio Minichilli, Alessandra Crecchi, Davide Barloscio, Donata Maria Spina, Bruno Rossi, Ferdinando Sartucci
PURPOSE: As well as obtaining confirmation of the magnocellular system involvement in Developmental dyslexia (DD); the aim was primarily to search for a possible involvement of the parvocellular system; and, furthermore, to complete the assessment of the visual chromatic axis by also analysing the koniocellular system. METHODS: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in response to achromatic stimuli with low luminance contrast and low spatial frequency, and isoluminant red/green and blue/yellow stimuli with high spatial frequency were recorded in 10 dyslexic children and 10 age- and sex-matched, healthy subjects...
November 16, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855325/-not-human-dead-already-perceptions-and-experiences-of-drug-related-stigma-among-opioid-using-young-adults-from-the-former-soviet-union-living-in-the-u-s
#18
Alana Gunn, Honoria Guarino
BACKGROUND: Young people from the former Soviet Union (FSU) in the U.S. are engaging in opioid and injection drug use (IDU) in substantial numbers, paralleling nationwide trends. Yet opioid-using FSU immigrants face distinctive acculturation challenges, including perceived stigmatisation as drug users within their immigrant communities, which may exacerbate the negative health and psychosocial consequences of such use. METHODS: This qualitative study draws on semi-structured interviews with 26 FSU immigrant young adults (ages 18-29) living in New York City who reported opioid use in the past month and/or were currently in treatment for opioid use disorder...
November 14, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852818/parents-acute-illnesses-hospitalizations-and-medication-changes-during-the-difficult-first-year-after-infant-or-child-nicu-picu-death
#19
Dorothy Brooten, JoAnne M Youngblut, Carmen Caicedo, Teresa Del Moral, G Patricia Cantwell, Balagangadhar Totapally
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infant/child death is described as a most stressful life event; however, there are few reports of effects on parent physical health during the first year after the death. The study's purpose is to examine the patterns of parent acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes over 1 to 13 months after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) infant/child death in 3 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Secondary analyses were conducted with longitudinal data on parent health and functioning 1 to 13 months after infant/child NICU/PICU death...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848746/results-from-england-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#20
Hannah Wilkie, Martyn Standage, Lauren Sherar, Sean Cumming, Caley Parnell, Adrian Davis, Charlie Foster, Russ Jago
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity improves physical and mental health, yet children's physical activity levels were low in England's 2014 Report Card. Within this paper, we update the 2014 Report Card to assess current information for the 9 indicators of physical activity. METHODS: A search for nationally representative data on 9 indicators of physical activity was conducted and the data were assessed by an expert panel. The panel assigned grades [ie, A, B, C, D, F, or INC (incomplete)] to each indicator based on whether children across England were achieving specific benchmarks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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