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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981469/foster-care-dynamics-and-system-science-implications-for-research-and-policy
#1
Fred Wulczyn, John Halloran
Although system is a word frequently invoked in discussions of foster care policy and practice, there have been few if any attempts by child welfare researchers to understand the ways in which the foster care system is a system. As a consequence, insights from system science have yet to be applied in meaningful ways to the problem of making foster care systems more effective. In this study, we draw on population biology to organize a study of admissions and discharges to foster care over a 15-year period. We are interested specifically in whether resource constraints, which are conceptualized here as the number of beds, lead to a coupling of admissions and discharges within congregate care...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945177/prevalence-and-predictors-of-mental-health-programming-among-u-s-religious-congregations
#2
Eunice C Wong, Brad R Fulton, Kathryn P Derose
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with congregation-based programming in support of people with mental illness. METHODS: To estimate the proportion of congregations that provide mental health programming, this study reports analyses of survey responses from the 2012 National Congregations Study, a nationally representative survey of religious congregations in the United States (N=1,327). The analysis used multivariate logistic regression to identify congregational characteristics associated with the provision of mental health programming...
September 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929615/what-activities-might-facilitate-personal-recovery-for-adults-who-continue-to-self-harm-a-meta-synthesis-employing-the-connectedness-hope-and-optimism-identity-meaning-empowerment-framework
#3
REVIEW
Kris Deering, Jo Williams
Self-harm is an international concern. While treatment in health care focusses on methods to reduce the act, there is less exploration in how to assist adults who are unable to minimize their self-harm. In order to aid these people, in the present systematic review, we employed a qualitative meta-synthesis to explore the lived experience of what activities might facilitate personal recovery for adults who continue to self-harm. Findings were interpreted by drawing on the CHIME framework; a taxonomy of personal recovery comprising of connectedness, hope and optimism, identity, meaning and purpose, and empowerment...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929483/peer-effects-on-aggressive-behavior-in-norwegian-child-care-centers
#4
Luisa A Ribeiro, Henrik D Zachrisson
This study examined whether exposure to changes in peer aggression predicted changes in child physical aggression (PA) in preschool children attending Norwegian Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) centers. Data from the Behavior Outlook Norwegian Developmental Study were used, including 956 children. In fixed effects models, within-child changes in exposure to peer aggression predicted changes in teacher-rated child PA across ages 2, 3, and 4. Moreover, changes in exposure to a peer group with two or more externalizing children increased teacher-rated child PA over time, but only for boys...
September 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854570/involving-mosques-in-health-promotion-programmes-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-mclass-intervention-on-smoking-in-the-home
#5
R King, S Warsi, A Amos, S Shah, G Mir, A Sheikh, K Siddiqi
Second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure is high among UK Bangladeshi and Pakistani populations, reflecting higher male smoking prevalence and fewer home smoking restrictions than the general population. The Muslim Communities Learning About Second-hand Smoke (MCLASS) study explored the feasibility and acceptability of implementing SHS education in 14 UK mosques. Religious teachers (RTs) in seven intervention mosques were trained and provided with a culturally appropriate educational package. After the intervention, mosque leaders, RTs and congregants' experiences and perceptions of the intervention were explored through interviews and focus group discussions...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825850/community-engagement-with-african-american-clergy-faith-based-model-for-culturally-competent-practice
#6
Kim L Stansbury, Gillian L Marshall, Jodi Hall, Gaynell M Simpson, Karen Bullock
OBJECTIVE: The intent of this exploratory qualitative study was to examine African American Baptist clergy's pastoral care to older congregants with mental disorders. Critical Race Theory was the guiding framework in this study. METHOD: A purposive sample of 18 African American clergy participated in one-on-one interviews. RESULTS: Collectively, all participants were active in the provision of mental health to older congregants with mental disorders...
August 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724682/from-the-memphis-model-to-the-north-carolina-way-lessons-learned-from-emerging-health-system-and-faith-community-partnerships
#7
Teresa Cutts, Gary Gunderson, Dean Carter, Melanie Childers, Phillip Long, Lisa Marisiddaiah, Helen Milleson, Dennis Stamper, Annika Archie, Jeremy Moseley, Emily Viverette, Bobby Baker
National health care policy has encouraged health systems to develop community partnerships designed to decrease costs and readmissions, particularly for underserved populations. This commentary describes and compares the Congregational Health Network's Memphis Model to early local efforts at clinical-faith community partnerships in North Carolina, which we call "The North Carolina Way." Necessary components for building robust health system and congregational partnerships to address social determinants of health and impact health care utilization include partnership growth, allocation of health system resources, community trust, and time...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646952/drug-resistant-tuberculosis-primary-transmission-and-management
#8
Alexander C Outhred, Philip N Britton, Ben J Marais
The DOTS strategy assisted global tuberculosis (TB) control, but was unable to prevent the emergence and spread of drug-resistant strains. Genomic evidence confirms the transmission of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in many different settings, indicative of epidemic spread. These findings emphasise the need for enhanced infection control measures in health care and congregate settings. Young children in TB endemic areas are particularly vulnerable. Although advances in TB drug and vaccine development are urgently needed, improved access to currently available preventive therapy and treatment for drug resistant TB could reduce the disease burden and adverse outcomes experienced by children...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598219/recent-approaches-to-ameliorate-selectivity-and-sensitivity-of-enzyme-based-cholesterol-biosensors-a-review
#9
Anjum Gahlaut, Vinita Hooda, Vikas Dhull, Vikas Hooda
The healthcare area is often reluctant to execute new technology unless they are proven to be safe, constructive and secure. Eventually, an aspiration stands for providing point-of-care testing service to allow a better estimation of the biochemical levels of a patient that entails an insistent remedial action. With increasing mortality rate due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in present scenario, it has become the need of hour to develop more advance methods for their diagnosis, so that it can be determined at sensitive levels and can be prevented from being fatal...
June 9, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502023/sources-of-care-for-alcohol-and-other-drug-problems-the-role-of-the-african-american-church
#10
Eunice C Wong, Kathryn P Derose, Paula Litt, Jeremy N V Miles
African Americans experience significant disparities in treatment access, retention, and quality of care for alcohol and drug use (AOD) problems. Religious congregations, often the first point of contact for help with AOD problems, can play an integral role in improving access to treatment. However, little is known about the role of African American churches in addressing AOD problems. We administered a survey to a faith-based collaborative of 169 African American churches in Los Angeles to examine how AOD problems are identified in congregations, the types of support provided, barriers to providing treatment referrals, and factors associated with the provision of treatment referrals...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438523/predictors-of-early-childbirth-among-female-adolescents-in-foster-care
#11
Bryn King, Melissa Van Wert
PURPOSE: Placement into foster care is driven by a number of factors, many of which are associated with adolescent childbirth. Yet, there are few studies that identify the experiences and characteristics that predict adolescent childbirth among girls who spend time in foster care. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based data set was constructed by probabilistically matching California child protective service records for female foster youth to maternal information available on vital birth records for children born between 2001 and 2010...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387570/seeking-and-accepting-u-s-clergy-theological-and-moral-perspectives-informing-decision-making-at-the-end-of-life
#12
Justin J Sanders, Vinca Chow, Andrea C Enzinger, Tai-Chung Lam, Patrick T Smith, Rebecca Quiñones, Andrew Baccari, Sarah Philbrick, Gloria White-Hammond, John Peteet, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
BACKGROUND: People with serious illness frequently rely on religion/spirituality to cope with their diagnosis, with potentially positive and negative consequences. Clergy are uniquely positioned to help patients consider medical decisions at or near the end of life within a religious/spiritual framework. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine clergy knowledge of end-of-life (EOL) care and beliefs about the role of faith in EOL decision making for patients with serious illness...
October 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382882/mating-system-mate-choice-and-parental-care-in-a-bark-beetle
#13
O Baruch, Z Mendel, I Scharf, A R Harari
The cypress bark beetle, Phloeosinus armatus, is a common element of the dying cypress tree system in East-Mediterranean countries. Adult beetles congregate for breeding on this ephemeral resource. We studied three traits that characterize this beetle's sexual behavior and linked them to its reproductive success: mating system, mate choice, and parental care. We found that the females are the 'pioneering sex', excavating the mating chamber. The average female is slightly larger than the male, and female and male body size is correlated, demonstrating size-assortative mating...
October 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361734/tuberculosis-in-enclosed-populations
#14
REVIEW
Sorana Segal-Maurer
Transmission of tuberculosis (TB) is most effective in close contact indoor environments in various congregate settings including health care facilities, homeless shelters, correctional facilities, long-term care facilities, as well as community settings such as homes, schools, workplaces, and various modes of transportation. Outbreaks are fueled by numerous factors including the HIV epidemic, ease of global travel, unstable socio-economic and/or political situations, and lapses in response to potentially infectious patients...
March 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333913/tuberculosis-among-foreign-born-persons-diagnosed-%C3%A2-10-years-after-arrival-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#15
Clarisse A Tsang, Adam J Langer, Thomas R Navin, Lori R Armstrong
The majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the United States are attributable to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) (1). LTBI refers to the condition when a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis without signs and symptoms, or radiographic or bacteriologic evidence of TB disease. CDC and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend screening populations at increased risk for LTBI, including persons who have lived in congregate settings at high risk and persons who were born in, or are former residents of countries with TB incidence ≥20 cases per 100,000 population (2-4)...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188462/caring-for-the-caregiver-identifying-the-needs-of-those-called-to-care-through-partnerships-with-congregations
#16
Panagis Galiatsatos, Katie Nelson, W Daniel Hale
As the older adult population continues to grow, the prevalence of chronic diseases is also increasing, leading to the need for novel ways of managing this large population of patients. One solution is to focus on informal caregivers. These informal caregivers already make a substantial contribution to our nation's healthcare finances and patient health outcomes. Caregivers also derive benefits from caring for their family member or friend; however, it is not uncommon for these individuals to experience negative health consequences, or what is often called "burden of care...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185893/u-s-clergy-religious-values-and-relationships-to-end-of-life-discussions-and-care
#17
Michael J Balboni, Adam Sullivan, Andrea C Enzinger, Patrick T Smith, Christine Mitchell, John R Peteet, James A Tulsky, Tyler VanderWeele, Tracy A Balboni
CONTEXT: Although clergy interact with approximately half of U.S. patients facing end-of-life medical decisions, little is known about clergy-congregant interactions or clergy influence on end-of-life decisions. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to conduct a nationally representative survey of clergy beliefs and practices. METHODS: A mailed survey to a nationally representative sample of clergy completed in March 2015 with 1005 of 1665 responding (60% response rate)...
June 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165683/women-reigious-unite-to-eradicate-trafficking
#18
Ann Victory, Ann Oestreich
The history of women's religious congregations is a history of addressing unmet needs. The founders and foundresses of our communities read the signs of their times and gathered women together to serve God and God's most vulneiable people. When the Second Vatican Council invited us to re-examine our founding charisms in light of the needs of our times, we rediscovered our own preferential option for those who are poor, often with a special care for women and children. While we continued to engage in traditional minis- tries serving the people of God without distinction, we expanded our outreach through social services, pastoral ministries and work for social justice and systemic change...
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065183/paramyxovirus-outbreak-in-a-long-term-care-facility-the-challenges-of-implementing-infection-control-practices-in-a-congregate-setting
#19
Steven Schaeffer Spires, H Keipp Talbot, Carolyn A Pope, Thomas R Talbot
OBJECTIVE We report an outbreak of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (HMPV) infections in a dementia care ward containing 2 separately locked units (A and B) to heighten awareness of these pathogens in the older adult population and highlight some of the infection prevention challenges faced during a noninfluenza respiratory viral outbreak in a congregate setting. METHODS Cases were defined by the presence of new signs or symptoms that included (1) a single oral temperature ≥ 37...
January 9, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983624/sharing-the-load-amish-healthcare-financing
#20
Kristyn Rohrer, Lauren Dundes
When settling healthcare bills, the Old Order Amish of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania rely on an ethos of mutual aid, independent of the government. Consonant with this philosophy, many Amish do not participate in or receive benefits from Social Security or Medicare. They are also exempted from the Affordable Care Act of 2010. This study expands the limited documentation of Amish Hospital Aid, an Amish health insurance program that covers major medical costs. Interview data from 11 Amish adults in Lancaster County depict how this aid program supplements traditional congregational alms coverage of medical expenses...
December 14, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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