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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900756/developing-a-set-of-uniform-outcome-measures-for-adult-day-services
#1
Keith A Anderson, Lyn Geboy, Shannon E Jarrott, Lydia Missaelides, Aaron M Ogletree, Lisa Peters-Beumer, Steven H Zarit
Adult day services (ADS) provide care to adults with physical, functional, and/or cognitive limitations in nonresidential, congregate, community-based settings. ADS programs have emerged as a growing and affordable approach within the home and community-based services sector. Although promising, the growth of ADS has been hampered by a lack of uniform outcome measures and data collection protocols. In this article, the authors detail a recent effort by leading researchers and practitioners in ADS to develop a set of uniform outcome measures...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888645/clergy-use-of-suicide-prevention-competencies
#2
Karen Mason, Esther Kim, W Blake Martin
This study examined clergy's use of 15 suicide prevention competencies. Four hundred ninety-eight U.S. Catholic, Jewish, and Protestant clergy responded to an online survey regarding their use of these competencies. Analysis of variance, backward stepwise regression, and principal components analysis were used to determine clergy group differences, predictors of use of competencies, and a parsimonious summary of competencies. Some respondents reported infrequent opportunities to develop these competencies. Respondents reported using general pastoral competencies more than suicide-specific competencies...
January 1, 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876716/training-community-clergy-in-serious-illness-balancing-faith-and-medicine
#3
Sarah E Koss, Ross Weissman, Vinca Chow, Patrick T Smith, Bethany Slack, Vitaliy Voytenko, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
Community-based clergy are highly engaged in helping seriously ill patients address spiritual concerns at the end of life (EOL). While they desire EOL training, no data exist in guiding how to conceptualize a clergy-training program. The objective of this study was used to identify best practices in an EOL training program for community clergy. As part of the National Clergy Project on End-of-Life Care, the project conducted key informant interviews and focus groups with active clergy in five US states (California, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York, and Texas)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863447/cancer-patient-perspectives-regarding-preparedness-for-end-of-life-care-a-qualitative-study
#4
Allen C Sherman, Stephanie Simonton-Atchley, Cindy W Mikeal, Kendra M Anderson, Konstantinos Arnaoutakis, Laura F Hutchins, Issam Makhoul, Fade Mahmoud, Natasa Milojkovic, Sarah E Harrington, James Y Suen
PURPOSE: The extent to which patients feel prepared for end-of-life (EOL) may be associated with important clinical outcomes. Despite growing interest in the concept of "preparedness," however, there is insufficient information about what cancer patients actually need to feel prepared. Such information is foundational for patient-centered care, theory-building, and instrument development. DESIGN: This qualitative study examined patient perspectives regarding preparedness for EOL care...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#5
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725192/african-american-clergy-perspectives-about-the-hiv-care-continuum-results-from-a-qualitative-study-in-jackson-mississippi
#6
Amy Nunn, Sharon Parker, Katryna McCoy, Mauda Monger, Melverta Bender, Joanna Poceta, Julia Harvey, Gladys Thomas, Kendra Johnson, Yusuf Ransome, Cassandra Sutten Coats, Phil Chan, Leandro Mena
Mississippi has some of the most pronounced racial disparities in HIV infection in the country; African Americans comprised 37% of the Mississippi population but represented 80% of new HIV cases in 2015. Improving outcomes along the HIV care continuum, including linking and retaining more individuals and enhancing adherence to medication, may reduce the disparities faced by African Americans in Mississippi. Little is understood about clergy's views about the HIV care continuum. We assessed knowledge of African American pastors and ministers in Jackson, Mississippi about HIV and the HIV care continuum...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688880/hospital-care-for-jews-in-nineteenth-century-amsterdam-the-emergence-of-the-first-jewish-hospitals
#7
Jack Y Vanderhoek
In the early seventeenth century, the Jews formally established two separate communities in Amsterdam, the Portuguese Sephardi and the High German Ashkenazi congregations. Until the end of the eighteenth century, medical care for the Amsterdam indigent Jews had been controlled and regulated by the powerful Parnasim, the de facto rulers, of each community. The primary communal organizations that were exclusively responsible for medical care for the poor were the Bikur Holim societies. This approach for the care of the indigent Jewish sick became ineffective in the nineteenth century and was replaced by a hospital-based system...
April 19, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669643/seniors-experiences-of-congregate-housing-in-sweden
#8
Britt-Maj Wikström
A study of older people's experiences of living in congregate housing units in Sweden found three categories of adaptation to this mode of living: good adaptation (found a new home), intermediate adaptation (having no choice), and poor adaptation (remaining grief ). Support in daily care must be individual depending on the degree of adaptation.
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663951/active-case-finding-and-treatment-adherence-in-risk-groups-in-the-tuberculosis-pre-elimination-era
#9
R K Gupta, M Lipman, A Story, A Hayward, G de Vries, R van Hest, C Erkens, M X Rangaka, I Abubakar
Vulnerable populations, including homeless persons, high-risk drug and alcohol users, prison inmates and other marginalised populations, contribute a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis (TB) cases in low-incidence settings. Drivers of this disease burden include an increased risk of both TB transmission in congregate settings, and progression from infection to active disease. Late diagnosis and poor treatment completion further propagate the epidemic and fuel the acquisition of drug resistance. These groups are therefore a major priority for TB control programmes in low-incidence settings...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645319/it-saved-my-life
#10
Nancy Lutwak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530026/factors-associated-with-seeking-preventive-dental-care-an-integrative-model-exploration-of-behaviors-in-mexican-immigrants-in-midwest-america
#11
Jonathan T Macy, Elizabeth A S Moser, Adam T Hirsh, Patrick O Monahan, George J Eckert, Gerardo Maupomé
BACKGROUND: Mexican immigrants in the United States suffer from poor oral health. The objective of the current study was to explore the utility of applying theory-based factors associated with seeking preventive dental care in a sample of Mexican American adults. METHODS: Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey of a sample of 157 people of Mexican origin (64% female; age 34 ± 11 years) recruited primarily from church congregations and lay community organizations in Central Indiana...
March 12, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522583/-the-recovery-model-one-paradigm-two-conceptions
#12
Paula Garber-Epstein, David Roe
In recent decades, new models of recovery have been developed in the feld of mental health, based on the transfer of hospital treatment to the community. Community mental health became the standard of care and treatment, and people with mental illness were able to freely congregate and support each other. The new recovery model includes broad aspects of the person and recovery became the "guiding vision" of mental health services. New defnitions of recovery were developed that focus on the difference between recovering from an illness and being in recovering, or in other words, "clinical recovery" versus "personal recovery...
September 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424014/irish-persons-with-intellectual-disability-moving-from-family-care-to-residential-accommodation-in-a-period-of-austerity
#13
Roy McConkey, Fionnola Kelly, Sarah Craig, Fiona Keogh
BACKGROUND: Ireland has a growing population of adult persons living with family carers, thereby increasing the demand for residential places. Simultaneously, government policy aimed to reprovision residents living in congregated settings but at a time when funding was curtailed due to the economic crisis. This study examines the movements of people into and among three types of residential options between 2009 and 2014. METHOD: A cohort of 20,163 persons recorded on the National Intellectual Disability Database in 2009 was identified and tracked to the 2014 database...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383967/developing-faithh-methods-to-develop-a-faith-based-hiv-stigma-reduction-intervention-in-the-rural-south
#14
Erin L P Bradley, Madeline Y Sutton, Eric Cooks, Brittney Washington-Ball, Zaneta Gaul, Susan Gaskins, Pamela Payne-Foster
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disproportionately affects Blacks/African Americans, particularly those residing in the southern United States. HIV-related stigma adversely affects strategies to successfully engage people in HIV education, prevention, and care. Interventions targeting stigma reduction are vital as additional tools to move toward improved outcomes with HIV prevention and care, consistent with national goals. Faith institutions in the South have been understudied as partners in HIV stigma-reduction efforts, and some at-risk, Black/African American communities are involved with southern faith institutions...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288876/epidemiologic-patterns-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-institutional-settings
#15
M Šubelj
OBJECTIVES: Congregate environments facilitate spread of influenza viruses and could result in serious outcomes among residents. METHODS: We reviewed the epidemiology and identified factors that affect outbreak outcomes, using descriptive statistics and generalized estimating equations (GEE) regression. Outbreak duration, attack rate, hospitalization rate, case fatality rate, and the proportion of laboratory tests performed among infected residents were calculated by viral etiology, time to notification, and facility type and size...
February 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224600/evaluation-of-an-integrated-housing-and-recovery-model-for-people-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illnesses-the-doorway-program
#16
David R Dunt, Andrew W Benoy, Andrea Phillipou, Laura L Collister, Elizabeth M Crowther, Julian Freidin, David J Castle
Objective The Doorway program is a 3-year pilot integrated housing and recovery support program aimed at people with a severe and persistent mental illness who are 'at risk' or actually homeless. Participants source and choose properties through the open rental market, with appropriate rental subsidy and brokerage support. This arrangement is highly innovative, differing from widely favoured arrangements internationally involving congregate and scattered-site housing owned or managed by the support program...
October 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144977/birthplace-in-australia-processes-and-interactions-during-the-intrapartum-transfer-of-women-from-planned-homebirth-to-hospital
#17
Deborah Fox, Athena Sheehan, Caroline Homer
OBJECTIVE: the aim of the study was to explore the views and experiences of women, midwives and obstetricians on the intrapartum transfer of women from planned homebirth to hospital in Australia. DESIGN: a Constructivist Grounded Theory approach was taken, to conceptualise the social interactions and processes grounded in the data. SETTING: urban and regional areas in four states of south-eastern Australia. PARTICIPANTS: semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 36 women, midwives and obstetricians who had experienced an intrapartum homebirth transfer within three years prior to the interview...
February 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118278/oral-health-status-of-independent-older-adults-in-texas-an-observational-study-comparing-urban-and-rural-areas
#18
Julie L Martin, Linda D Boyd, Helena Tapias-Perdigón, Lisa M LaSpina
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health needs of community-dwelling older adults participating in congregate meal centers and to determine whether differences exist in the oral health needs of older adult populations residing in urban versus rural communities in the state of Texas.Methods: Study participants were recruited at 6 congregate meal centers located in identified rural and urban communities in the greater metropolitan area of Austin, Texas. (N=78) Participants completed a validated, modified questionnaire containing 20 items on the following topics: self-reported oral health, tooth loss, dental insurance, frequency of dental visits, time since last dental visit, access to dental care, dry mouth, and oral cancer screening...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097857/like-the-eye-of-the-tiger-inpatient-psychiatric-facility-exclusionary-criteria-and-its-knockout-of-the-emergency-psychiatric-patient
#19
Veronica Tucci, John Liu, Anu Matorin, Asim Shah, Nidal Moukaddam
Context: Over 6% of all emergency department (ED) visits in the United States involve primary mental health or behavioral issues. The patients are stabilized in the ED but frequently require admission to an inpatient psychiatric unit or institution for longer term treatment and management. To facilitate this process, an emergency physician (EP) must first "medically clear" the patient as stable for transfer. At present, there is no interdisciplinary consensus regarding the necessary elements of the medical clearance or stability assessment process...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048239/community-priorities-for-healthy-eating-in-older-adults
#20
Qianzhi Jiang, Nancy L Cohen, Melissa Ventura Marra, Kathleen Woolf, Judith Gilbride, Sarah L Francis
Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
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