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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387570/seeking-and-accepting-u-s-clergy-theological-and-moral-perspectives-informing-decision-making-at-the-end-of-life
#1
Justin J Sanders, Vinca Chow, Andrea C Enzinger, Tai-Chung Lam, Patrick T Smith, Rebecca Quiñones, Andrew Baccari, Sarah Philbrick, Gloria White-Hammond, John Peteet, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
BACKGROUND: People with serious illness frequently rely on religion/spirituality to cope with their diagnosis, with potentially positive and negative consequences. Clergy are uniquely positioned to help patients consider medical decisions at or near the end of life within a religious/spiritual framework. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine clergy knowledge of end-of-life (EOL) care and beliefs about the role of faith in EOL decision making for patients with serious illness...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382882/mating-system-mate-choice-and-parental-care-in-a-bark-beetle
#2
O Baruch, Z Mendel, I Scharf, A R Harari
The cypress bark beetle, Phloeosinus armatus, is a common element of the dying cypress tree system in East-Mediterranean countries. Adult beetles congregate for breeding on this ephemeral resource. We studied three traits that characterize this beetle's sexual behavior and linked them to its reproductive success: mating system, mate choice, and parental care. We found that the females are the 'pioneering sex', excavating the mating chamber. The average female is slightly larger than the male, and female and male body size is correlated, demonstrating size-assortative mating...
April 6, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361734/tuberculosis-in-enclosed-populations
#3
Sorana Segal-Maurer
Transmission of tuberculosis (TB) is most effective in close contact indoor environments in various congregate settings including health care facilities, homeless shelters, correctional facilities, long-term care facilities, as well as community settings such as homes, schools, workplaces, and various modes of transportation. Outbreaks are fueled by numerous factors including the HIV epidemic, ease of global travel, unstable socio-economic and/or political situations, and lapses in response to potentially infectious patients...
March 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333913/tuberculosis-among-foreign-born-persons-diagnosed-%C3%A2-10-years-after-arrival-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#4
Clarisse A Tsang, Adam J Langer, Thomas R Navin, Lori R Armstrong
The majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the United States are attributable to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) (1). LTBI refers to the condition when a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis without signs and symptoms, or radiographic or bacteriologic evidence of TB disease. CDC and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend screening populations at increased risk for LTBI, including persons who have lived in congregate settings at high risk and persons who were born in, or are former residents of countries with TB incidence ≥20 cases per 100,000 population (2-4)...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188462/caring-for-the-caregiver-identifying-the-needs-of-those-called-to-care-through-partnerships-with-congregations
#5
Panagis Galiatsatos, Katie Nelson, W Daniel Hale
As the older adult population continues to grow, the prevalence of chronic diseases is also increasing, leading to the need for novel ways of managing this large population of patients. One solution is to focus on informal caregivers. These informal caregivers already make a substantial contribution to our nation's healthcare finances and patient health outcomes. Caregivers also derive benefits from caring for their family member or friend; however, it is not uncommon for these individuals to experience negative health consequences, or what is often called "burden of care...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185893/united-states-clergy-religious-values-and-relationships-to-end-of-life-discussions-and-care
#6
Michael J Balboni, Adam Sullivan, Andrea C Enzinger, Patrick T Smith, Christine Mitchell, John R Peteet, James Tulsky, Tyler VanderWeele, Tracy A Balboni
CONTEXT: While clergy interact with approximately half of U.S. patients facing end-of-life medical decisions, little is known about clergy-congregant interactions or clergy influence on end-of-life decisions. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a nationally representative survey of clergy beliefs and practices. METHODS: A mailed survey to a nationally representative sample of clergy completed in March 2015 with 1005 of 1665 responding (60% response rate)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165683/women-reigious-unite-to-eradicate-trafficking
#7
Ann Victory, Ann Oestreich
The history of women's religious congregations is a history of addressing unmet needs. The founders and foundresses of our communities read the signs of their times and gathered women together to serve God and God's most vulneiable people. When the Second Vatican Council invited us to re-examine our founding charisms in light of the needs of our times, we rediscovered our own preferential option for those who are poor, often with a special care for women and children. While we continued to engage in traditional minis- tries serving the people of God without distinction, we expanded our outreach through social services, pastoral ministries and work for social justice and systemic change...
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065183/paramyxovirus-outbreak-in-a-long-term-care-facility-the-challenges-of-implementing-infection-control-practices-in-a-congregate-setting
#8
Steven Schaeffer Spires, H Keipp Talbot, Carolyn A Pope, Thomas R Talbot
OBJECTIVE We report an outbreak of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (HMPV) infections in a dementia care ward containing 2 separately locked units (A and B) to heighten awareness of these pathogens in the older adult population and highlight some of the infection prevention challenges faced during a noninfluenza respiratory viral outbreak in a congregate setting. METHODS Cases were defined by the presence of new signs or symptoms that included (1) a single oral temperature ≥ 37...
January 9, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983624/sharing-the-load-amish-healthcare-financing
#9
Kristyn Rohrer, Lauren Dundes
When settling healthcare bills, the Old Order Amish of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania rely on an ethos of mutual aid, independent of the government. Consonant with this philosophy, many Amish do not participate in or receive benefits from Social Security or Medicare. They are also exempted from the Affordable Care Act of 2010. This study expands the limited documentation of Amish Hospital Aid, an Amish health insurance program that covers major medical costs. Interview data from 11 Amish adults in Lancaster County depict how this aid program supplements traditional congregational alms coverage of medical expenses...
December 14, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956073/an-unintended-consequence-of-culture-change-in-va-community-living-centers
#10
Jill Harrison, Denise A Tyler, Renée R Shield, Whitney L Mills, Kristen E Morgan, Maxwell E Cutty, Danielle L Coté, Susan M Allen
OBJECTIVE: Although a growing body of evidence suggests that culture change and its corollary, person-centered care improves resident outcomes in the nursing home setting, little is known about the effect of culture change in a postacute setting in which patients receive skilled nursing and rehabilitation services for a relatively short period of time before returning home. DESIGN: Data for this study were collected as part of a larger project to understand the impact of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) policies to shift the mission of VHA Community Living Centers (CLCs) from long-stay custodial care to short-stay skilled nursing and rehabilitative care...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933462/what-do-you-need-to-get-male-partners-of-pregnant-women-tested-for-hiv-in-resource-limited-settings-the-baby-shower-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
Echezona E Ezeanolue, Michael C Obiefune, Wei Yang, Chinenye O Ezeanolue, Jennifer Pharr, Alice Osuji, Amaka G Ogidi, Aaron T Hunt, Dina Patel, Gbenga Ogedegbe, John E Ehiri
Male partner involvement has the potential to increase uptake of interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Finding cultural appropriate strategies to promote male partner involvement in PMTCT programs remains an abiding public health challenge. We assessed whether a congregation-based intervention, the Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI), would lead to increased uptake of HIV testing among male partners of pregnant women during pregnancy. A cluster-randomized controlled trial of forty churches in Southeastern Nigeria randomly assigned to either the HBI (intervention group; IG) or standard of care referral to a health facility (control group; CG) was conducted...
February 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862005/predicting-homelessness-among-emerging-adults-aging-out-of-foster-care
#12
Melissa Ford Shah, Qinghua Liu, J Mark Eddy, Susan Barkan, David Marshall, David Mancuso, Barbara Lucenko, Alice Huber
This study examines risk and protective factors associated with experiencing homelessness in the year after "aging out" of foster care. Using a state-level integrated administrative database, we identified 1,202 emerging adults in Washington State who exited foster care between July 2010 and June 2012. Initial bivariate analyses were conducted to assess the association between candidate predictive factors and an indicator of homelessness in a 12-month follow-up period. After deploying a stepwise regression process, the final logistic regression model included 15 predictive factors...
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797991/experiences-and-explanations-of-mental-ill-health-in-a-group-of-devout-christians-from-the-ethnic-majority-population-in-secular-sweden-a-qualitative-study
#13
Aina Lilja, Valerie DeMarinis, Arja Lehti, Annika Forssén
OBJECTIVE: To explore existential meaning-making in an ethnic-majority subgroup with mental ill health and to increase knowledge about the importance of gaining access to such information in mental healthcare. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews and systematic text condensation analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 17 devote Christians with an ethnic-Swedish background, 12 women and 5 men, 30-73 years old, from different congregations across Sweden, having sought medical care for mental ill health of any kind...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766088/effectiveness-of-caregiver-training-in-mindfulness-based-positive-behavior-support-mbpbs-vs-training-as-usual-tau-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Nirbhay N Singh, Giulio E Lancioni, Bryan T Karazsia, Jeffrey Chan, Alan S W Winton
Caregivers of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) often end up having their medical and psychological well-being compromised due to the stressful nature of caregiving, especially when those in their care engage in aggressive behavior. In this study, we provided caregivers with mindfulness-based training to enable them to better manage their psychological well-being and, through this, to also enhance specific indices of quality of life of the individuals in their care. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) the comparative effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Positive Behavior Support (MBPBS) and Training-as-Usual (TAU) for caregivers in a congregate care facility for individuals with severe and profound IDD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762160/-i-thought-if-i-marry-the-prophet-i-would-not-die-the-significance-of-religious-affiliation-on-marriage-hiv-testing-and-reproductive-health-practices-among-young-married-women-in-zimbabwe
#15
Denise Dion Hallfors, Bonita J Iritani, Lei Zhang, Shane Hartman, Winnie K Luseno, Elias Mpofu, Simbarashe Rusakaniko
This study examines the association between religious affiliation and reasons for marriage, perceived church attitudes, and reproductive health-seeking behaviors, including HIV testing, among young women in eastern rural Zimbabwe. The sample comprised women (N = 35) who had married by 2012 while participating in a larger randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the effects of school support on HIV-related risk. The RCT sample was identified in 2007 as all female sixth graders in 25 rural eastern Zimbabwe primary schools whose parents, one or both, had died (N = 328)...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665002/housing-first-improves-adherence-to-antipsychotic-medication-among-formerly-homeless-adults-with-schizophrenia-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Stefanie N Rezansoff, Akm Moniruzzaman, Seena Fazel, Lawrence McCandless, Ric Procyshyn, Julian M Somers
Adherence to antipsychotic medication is a significant challenge among homeless patients. No experimental trials have investigated the impact of Housing First on adherence among patients with schizophrenia. We investigated whether Housing First in congregate and scattered-site configurations resulted in superior adherence compared to usual care. Adult participants (n = 165) met criteria for homelessness, schizophrenia, and initiation of antipsychotic pharmacotherapy prior to recruitment to an unblinded, 3-arm randomized controlled trial in Vancouver, Canada...
September 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614873/prevalence-of-sickle-cell-trait-and-reliability-of-self-reported-status-among-expectant-parents-in-nigeria-implications-for-targeted-newborn-screening
#17
Amanda R Burnham-Marusich, Chinenye O Ezeanolue, Michael C Obiefune, Wei Yang, Alice Osuji, Amaka G Ogidi, Aaron T Hunt, Dina Patel, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a life-threatening, autosomal recessive blood disorder prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. We identified the prevalence of sickle cell trait (SCT) among pregnant women and their male partners in Enugu State, Nigeria, and determined the accuracy of self-reported sickle cell status and its reliability for identifying high-risk newborns for targeted screening. METHODS: We conducted a nested cohort study of expectant parents enrolled in the Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI)...
2016: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573086/supporting-the-grieving-child-and-family
#18
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559854/evaluation-of-handgrip-strength-and-nutritional-risk-of-congregate-nutrition-program-participants-in-florida
#19
Kelly A Springstroh, Nancy J Gal, Amanda L Ford, Susan J Whiting, Wendy J Dahl
The aim of this study was to determine if handgrip strength (HGS) is a predictor of nutritional risk in community-dwelling older adults. A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the relationship between HGS and nutritional risk using SCREEN 1. The setting was Congregate Nutrition program meal sites (n = 10) in North Central Florida and included community-dwelling older adults participating in the Congregate Nutrition program. Older adults (n = 136; 77.1 ± 8.9 y; 45 M, 91 F) participated in the study...
July 2016: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540035/predictors-of-hiv-aids-programming-in-african-american-churches-implications-for-hiv-prevention-testing-and-care
#20
Jennifer M Stewart, Alexandra Hanlon, Bridgette M Brawner
Using data from the National Congregational Study, we examined predictors of having an HIV/AIDS program in predominately African American churches across the United States. We conducted regression analyses of Wave II data (N = 1,506) isolating the sample to churches with a predominately African American membership. The dependent variable asked whether or not the congregation currently had any program focused on HIV or AIDS. Independent variables included several variables from the individual, organizational, and social levels...
August 17, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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