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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#1
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243504/promoting-language-and-social-communication-development-in-babies-through-an-early-storybook-reading-intervention
#2
Michelle I Brown, Marleen F Westerveld, David Trembath, Gail T Gillon
PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of low- and high-intensity early storybook reading (ESR) intervention workshops delivered to parents for promoting their babies language and social communication development. These workshops educated parents on how to provide a stimulating home reading environment and engage in parent-child interactions during ESR. METHOD: Parent-child dyads (n = 32); child age: 3-12 months, were assigned into two intervention conditions: low and high intensity (LI versus HI) groups...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242370/striving-to-achieve-an-integrated-home-dialysis-system-a-report-from-the-ontario-renal-network-home-dialysis-attrition-task-force
#3
Brendan B McCormick, Christopher T Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242178/deciding-how-to-stay-independent-at-home-in-later-years-development-and-acceptability-testing-of-an-informative-web-based-module
#4
Mirjam Marjolein Garvelink, C Allyson Jones, Patrick M Archambault, Noémie Roy, Louisa Blair, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: Seniors with loss of autonomy may face decisions about whether they should stay at home or move elsewhere. Most seniors would prefer to stay home and be independent for as long as possible, but most are unaware of options that would make this possible. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop and test the acceptability of an interactive website for seniors, their caregivers, and health professionals with short interlinked videos presenting information about options for staying independent at home...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241617/effectiveness-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-led-by-female-community-health-volunteers-versus-usual-care-in-blood-pressure-reduction-cobin-an-open-label-cluster-randomised-trial
#5
Dinesh Neupane, Craig S McLachlan, Shiva Raj Mishra, Michael Hecht Olsen, Henry B Perry, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
INTRODUCTION: Elevated blood pressure greatly contributes to cardiovascular deaths in low-income and middle-income countries. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a population-level intervention led by existing community health workers in reducing the burden of hypertension in a low-income population. METHODS: We did a community-based, open-label, two-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial in Nepal. Using computer-generated codes, we randomly assigned (1:1) 14 clusters to a lifestyle intervention led by female community health volunteers (FCHVs) or usual care (control group)...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241383/the-effect-of-prophylactic-oral-tranexamic-acid-plus-buccal-misoprostol-on-blood-loss-after-vaginal-delivery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Nahla W Shady, Hany F Sallam, Ahmed H Elsayed, Abdelrahman M Abdelkader, Shymaa S Ali, Ahmed Alanwar, Ahmed M Abbas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of prophylactic oral tranexamic acid (TA) plus buccal misoprostol on the amount of blood loss after vaginal delivery in women at low risk for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized open label clinical trial conducted in a tertiary University Hospital between January 2016 and June 2017. We included women who delivered vaginally with a singleton pregnancy. They were randomized into three groups: group I (women received 10 IU oxytocin IV after delivery of the baby), group II (women received 600 µg buccal misoprostol after delivery of the baby) and group III (women received 1000 mg oral TA at the end of the first stage of labor plus 600 µg buccal misoprostol after delivery of the baby)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241091/the-effectiveness-of-group-otago-exercise-program-on-physical-function-in-nursing-home-residents-older-than-65years-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Mirjana Kocic, Zorica Stojanovic, Dejan Nikolic, Milica Lazovic, Rade Grbic, Lidija Dimitrijevic, Marina Milenkovic
AIM: To examine whether the 6-months group-based Otago exercise program is more effective than usual care on physical function and functional independence in nursing home residents older than 65 years. METHODS: An observer-blind randomized controlled study included 77 independently walking, cognitively unimpaired residents aged 78.4±7.6years, of which 66.2% were female. Physical function was assessed at baseline, after 3 and 6months of the Otago exercise program by three performance tests: Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go (TUG) and Chair Rising Test (CRT), and functional independence by the motor Functional Independence Measure (mFIM)...
December 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241014/an-observational-study-of-the-efficacy-of-cisatracurium-compared-to-vecuronium-in-patients-with-or-at-risk-for-ards
#8
Peter D Sottile, Tyree H Kiser, Ellen L Burnham, P Michael Ho, Richard R Allen, R William Vandivier, Marc Moss
RATIONALE: The neuromuscular blocking agent cisatracurium may improve mortality for patients with moderate-severe ARDS. Other neuromuscular blocking agents, such as vecuronium, are commonly used and have different mechanisms of action, side effects, cost, and availability in the setting of drug shortages. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cisatracurium is associated with improved outcomes when compared vecuronium in patients at risk for and with ARDS. METHODS: Using a nationally representative database, patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with a diagnosis of ARDS or an ARDS risk factor, received mechanical ventilation, and were treated with a continuous infusion of neuromuscular blocking agent for at least two days within two days of hospital admission were included...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240594/preventive-effect-of-a-microclimate-regulating-system-on-pressure-ulcer-development-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-in-dutch-nursing-homes
#9
Martin van Leen, Ruud Halfens, Jos Schols
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of pressure ulcers (PrUs) is based on relieving pressure, diminishing shear stress, and controlling the skin's microclimate. Based on the recommendations in the most recent guideline for prevention of PrUs, a pressure-relieving, shear stress-diminishing, and microclimate-controlling skin interface multilayer support system (Bedcare; Sense Textile, 's-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands) has been developed for use on top of a viscoelastic foam mattress (Formafoam, Kabelfabriek Eupen, Belgium)...
January 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240454/a-comparison-of-the-expectations-and-experiences-of-medical-students-from-high-middle-and-low-income-countries-participating-in-global-health-clinical-electives
#10
Michael J Peluso, Adam Rodman, Douglas A Mata, Anne T Kellett, Susan van Schalkwyk, Robert M Rohrbaugh
Phenomenon: Global health education (GHE) is expanding to include socioculturally and resource-different settings, with the goal of developing a workforce with members who can promote health equity locally and globally. GHE is also no longer limited to students from high-income countries (HICs). However, it is unknown whether the motivations and experiences of medical students from HICs and from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) participating in GHE clinical electives through institutional partnerships are similar or different...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239867/effects-of-triple-combination-therapy-with-azilsartan-amlodipine-hydrochlorothiazide-on-office-home-blood-pressure-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-japanese-essential-hypertensive-patients
#11
Hiromi Rakugi, Kohei Shimizu, Yuhei Sano, Yuya Nishiyama, Yoshinobu Kinugawa, Souhei Terashio
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy and safety of triple therapy with azilsartan (AZI), amlodipine besylate (AML), and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) compared with dual therapy with AZI/AML or HCTZ monotherapy were evaluated in Japanese essential hypertensive patients in a double-blinded manner. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 353 patients with office blood pressure (BP) of at least 150/95 mmHg were randomized to a 10-week treatment with AZI/AML/HCTZ 20/5/12.5 mg, AZI/AML/HCTZ 20/5/6...
December 12, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239702/a-brief-introduction-to-mass-migration-then-and-now
#12
Charlotte Kahn
To provide a context, this introduction presents a bird's-eye view of migration history, of some differences between voluntary and forced motivation for leaving home territories, and the significance of large group relocations.(mass migrations). The challenges of adjustment and acculturation as well as the interactional effects on migrants and host populations, including mental health issues and facilities, are considered.
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239260/a-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-focus-on-manual-and-electric-toothbrushes-effect-on-dental-hygiene-in-nursing-homes
#13
Katrine Gahre Fjeld, Hilde Eide, Morten Mowe, Leiv Sandvik, Tiril Willumsen
OBJECTIVE: A 2-month randomized clinical trial (RCT) study comparing electric and manual toothbrushes used by residents in nursing homes showed significant reduction in plaque score for both groups. The aim of this follow up study was to study if the effect sustained in a longer perspective when toothbrushes were used according to resident's own preference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One year after baseline of the RCT-study, 100 participants were re-examined. The simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) was used as outcome measure on dental plaque...
December 14, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238450/american-telemedicine-association-s-principles-for-delivering-telerehabilitation-services
#14
Tammy Richmond, Christopher Peterson, Jana Cason, Mike Billings, Evelyn Abrahante Terrell, Alan Chong W Lee, Michael Towey, Bambang Parmanto, Andi Saptono, Ellen R Cohn, David Brennan
Telehealth is a broad term used to describe the use of electronic or digital information and communications technologies to support clinical healthcare, patient and professional health related education, and public health and health administration. Telerehabilitation refers to the delivery of rehabilitation and habilitation services via information and communication technologies (ICT), also commonly referred to as" telehealth" technologies. Telerehabilitation services can include evaluation, assessment, monitoring, prevention, intervention, supervision, education, consultation, and coaching...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237744/change-in-cognitive-function-in-the-month-after-hospitalization-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-findings-from-trace-core-transition-risks-and-actions-in-coronary-events-center-for-outcomes-research-and-education
#15
Jane S Saczynski, David D McManus, Molly E Waring, Darleen Lessard, Milena D Anatchkova, Jerry H Gurwitz, Jeroan Allison, Arlene S Ash, Richard H McManus, David C Parish, Robert J Goldberg, Catarina I Kiefe
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function is often impaired during hospitalization, but whether this impairment resolves or persists after discharge is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled (April 2011-May 2013) and interviewed during hospitalization and 1-month post-discharge 1521 nondemented acute coronary syndrome survivors enrolled in TRACE (Transitions, Risks and Actions in Coronary Events). Cognitive function was assessed using the Telephone Interview of Cognitive Status (range: 0-41) at both time points...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237654/investigating-the-effect-of-sociodemographic-factors-on-30-day-hospital-readmission-among-medical-patients-in-toronto-canada-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Robert W Smith, Kerry Kuluski, Andrew P Costa, Samir K Sinha, Richard H Glazier, Alan Forster, Lianne Jeffs
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of patient-level sociodemographic factors on the incidence of hospital readmission within 30 days among medical patients in a large Canadian metropolitan city. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients admitted to the General Internal Medicine service of an urban teaching hospital in Toronto, Canada participated in a survey of sociodemographic information. Patients were not surveyed if deemed medically unstable, receiving care in medical/surgical step-down beds or were isolated for infection control...
December 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237583/high-yield-hiv-testing-facilitated-linkage-to-care-and-prevention-for-female-youth-in-kenya-girls-study-implementation-science-protocol-for-a-priority-population
#17
Irene Inwani, Nok Chhun, Kawango Agot, Charles M Cleland, Jasmine Buttolph, Harsha Thirumurthy, Ann E Kurth
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest HIV burden. Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in the age range of 15 to 24 years are twice as likely as their male peers to be infected, making females in sub-Saharan Africa the most at-risk group for HIV infection. It is therefore critical to prioritize access to HIV testing, prevention, and treatment for this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: Using an implementation science framework, the purpose of this research protocol was to describe the approaches we propose to optimize engagement of AGYW in both the HIV prevention and care continuum and to determine the recruitment and testing strategies that identify the highest proportion of previously undiagnosed HIV infections...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237508/making-healthy-homes-a-pilot-study-of-the-return-on-investment-from-an-external-wall-insulation-intervention
#18
Heather Brown, Gulnar Fattakhova, Clare Bambra, Paul Taylor
OBJECTIVES: External Wall Insulation (EWI) insulates and protect homes against damp. The Energy Company Obligation (ECO) scheme incentivised large energy providers in the UK delivering energy efficiency measures such as EWI to fuel impoverished households. Return on Investment (ROI) analysis is utilised to determine if EWI is a cost-effective procedure in terms of improving health related quality of life (HRQOL) measured using the EQ-5D-3L™, reducing health care expenditure, and fuel costs...
December 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237405/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-hereditary-non-polyposis-colorectal-cancer-hnpcc-syndrome-in-immigrant-asian-colorectal-cancer-patients
#19
Jasmine Lee, Yin-Yi Xiao, Yan Yu Sun, Jasminka Balderacchi, Bradley Clark, Jatin Desani, Vivek Kumar, Angela Saverimuthu, Khin Than Win, Yiwu Huang, Yiqing Xu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) is 2 to 5% in the Caucasian population. HNPCC is caused by genomic mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes (MMR), namely MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, and EPCAM. A non-hereditary, acquired process of hypermethylation of the MLH1 promoter can also lead to silencing of MLH1 protein expression. Diagnosis of HNPCC in patients with colorectal and other related cancers is important in the clinical treatment and surveillance of related cancers...
December 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237275/an-exploratory-longitudinal-study-of-social-and-language-outcomes-in-children-with-autism-in-bilingual-home-environments
#20
Vanessa Zhou, Jeffrey A Munson, Jessica Greenson, Yan Hou, Sally Rogers, Annette M Estes
Little is known about outcomes of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder reared in bilingual homes. There are concerns that social communication deficits among children with autism spectrum disorder may reduce the developmental benefits of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder raised in bilingual environments. We conducted an exploratory analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal data from a larger study to explore associations between home language environment and language ability and social skills in response to early autism spectrum disorder intervention...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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