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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471526/predictors-and-outcomes-of-mealtime-emotional-climate-in-families-with-preschoolers
#1
Jaclyn A Saltzman, Kelly K Bost, Salma M A Musaad, Barbara H Fiese, Angela R Wiley
Objective: Mealtime emotional climate (MEC) is related to parent feeding and mental health, and possibly to child food consumption. However, MEC has been inconsistently assessed with a variety of coding schemes and self-report instruments, and has not been examined longitudinally. This study aims to characterize MEC systematically using an observational, count-based coding scheme; identify whether parent feeding or mental health predict MEC; and examine whether MEC predicts child food consumption and weight...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471438/development-of-a-health-assessment-instrument-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-delphi-study
#2
Esther J Bakker-van Gijssel, Peter L B J Lucassen, Tim C Olde Hartman, Willem J J Assendelft, Henny M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk
Background: People with intellectual disabilities (IDs) experience health inequalities. Applying health assessments is one way of diminishing these inequalities. A health assessment instrument can support general practitioners (GPs) in providing better medical care to people with ID. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine which items should be part of a health assessment instrument for people with ID to be used in primary care. Methods: This Delphi consensus study was conducted among 24 GP experts and 21 ID physicians...
February 17, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471378/communicative-function-use-of-preschoolers-and-mothers-from-differing-racial-and-socioeconomic-groups
#3
Danai Kasambira Fannin, Oscar A Barbarin, Elizabeth R Crais
Purpose: This study explores whether communicative function (CF: reasons for communicating) use differs by socioeconomic status (SES), race/ethnicity, or gender among preschoolers and their mothers. Method: Mother-preschooler dyads (N = 95) from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's (2005) study of family and social environments were observed during 1 structured learning and free-play interaction. CFs were coded by trained independent raters. Results: Children used all CFs at similar rates, but those from low SES homes produced fewer utterances and less reasoning, whereas boys used less self-maintaining and more predicting...
February 22, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470220/teaching-wound-care-to-family-caregivers
#4
Holly Kirkland-Kyhn, Stephanie Anne Generao, Oleg Teleten, Heather M Young
: This article is part of a series, Supporting Family Caregivers: No Longer Home Alone, published in collaboration with the AARP Public Policy Institute. Results of focus groups, conducted as part of the AARP Public Policy Institute's No Longer Home Alone video project, supported evidence that family caregivers aren't given the information they need to manage the complex care regimens of family members. This series of articles and accompanying videos aims to help nurses provide caregivers with the tools they need to manage their family member's health care at home...
March 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470124/storage-practices-of-us-gun-owners-in-2016
#5
Cassandra K Crifasi, Mitchell L Doucette, Emma E McGinty, Daniel W Webster, Colleen L Barry
OBJECTIVES: To examine gun storage practices and factors influencing those practices among gun owners. METHODS: We conducted a nationally representative online survey of US gun owners (n = 1444) in 2016 to assess gun storage practices and attitudes, factors influencing storage practices, and groups that might effectively communicate regarding safe storage. We generated descriptive statistics by using cross-tabulations and used logistic regression to estimate characteristics that influenced safe storage practices...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470115/older-adults-social-relationships-and-health-care-utilization-a-systematic-review
#6
Nicole K Valtorta, Danielle Collingridge Moore, Lynn Barron, Daniel Stow, Barbara Hanratty
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in older people's social relationships (including loneliness, social isolation, and low social support) have been implicated as a cause of premature mortality and increased morbidity. Whether they affect service use is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether social relationships are associated with older adults' use of health services, independently of health-related needs. SEARCH METHODS: We searched 8 electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination) for data published between 1983 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468887/managing-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-chinese-elderly-with-dementia-via-group-based-music-intervention-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Rainbow Th Ho, Ted Ct Fong, C Y Sing, Pandora Ht Lee, Alice Bk Leung, Kitty Sm Chung, Janet Kl Kwok
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a group music intervention in managing behavioral and psychological symptoms in Chinese elderly with dementia. This cluster randomized trial recruited 73 elderly participants with moderate dementia from 10 elderly residential homes and assigned them to the intervention ( n = 40) and control ( n = 33) group. The intervention included 16 half-hour sessions of music intervention with multi-sensory components over eight weeks and control group received standard care...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468771/home-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-a-hypertensive-pregnant-population
#8
H Perry, E Sheehan, B Thilaganathan, A Khalil
OBJECTIVE: The majority of patients with chronic or gestational hypertension do not develop pre-eclampsia. Home blood-pressure monitoring (HBPM) has the potential to offer a more accurate and acceptable means of monitoring hypertensive patients during pregnancy compared with traditional pathways of frequent outpatient monitoring. The aim of this study was to determine whether HBPM reduces visits to antenatal services and is safe in pregnancy. METHODS: This was a case-control study of 166 hypertensive pregnant women, which took place at St George's Hospital, University of London...
February 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467798/female-nursing-partner-choice-in-a-population-of-wild-house-mice-mus-musculus-domesticus
#9
Nicola Harrison, Anna K Lindholm, Akos Dobay, Olivia Halloran, Andri Manser, Barbara König
Abstract: <AbstractText Label="Background" NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Communal nursing in house mice is an example of cooperation where females pool litters in the same nest and indiscriminately nurse own and other offspring despite potential exploitation. The direct fitness benefits associated with communal nursing shown in laboratory studies suggest it to be a selected component of female house mice reproductive behaviour. However, past studies on communal nursing in free-living populations have debated whether it is a consequence of sharing the same nest or an active choice...
2018: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466814/-dgp-interstitial-lung-disease-patient-questionnaire
#10
M Kreuter, U Ochmann, D Koschel, J Behr, F Bonella, M Claussen, U Costabel, S Jungmann, M Kolb, D Nowak, F Petermann, M Pfeiffer, M Polke, A Prasse, J Schreiber, J Wälscher, H Wirtz, D Kirsten
BACKGROUND:  Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) encompass different heterogeneous, mainly chronic diseases of the pulmonary interstitium and/or alveoli with known and unknown reasons. The diagnostic of ILD is challenging and should be performed interdisciplinary. The medical history is of major importance and therefore, in German-speaking countries the Frankfurter Bogen (published in 1985) was utilised to scrutinise the medical history of the patient. This by now more than 30-years-old questionnaire requires a revision with regard to content and language...
February 21, 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466352/improving-functional-status-in-african-americans-with-cancer-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
April Hazard Vallerand, Susan M Hasenau, Sheria G Robinson-Lane, Thomas N Templin
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of the Power Over Pain-Coaching (POP-C) intervention to improve functional status among African American outpatients with cancer pain.
. SAMPLE &AMP; SETTING: 310 African American patients were recruited from an urban comprehensive cancer center. The study took place in the patients' homes.
. METHODS &AMP; VARIABLES: A two-group randomized design with repeated measures was used. Data were analyzed with linear mixed effects regression analysis and structural equation change score models...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465495/exercise-rehabilitation-for-peripheral-artery-disease-a-review
#12
Mary M McDermott
PURPOSE: To summarize evidence regarding exercise therapy for people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: Literature was reviewed regarding optimal strategies for delivering exercise interventions for people with PAD. Randomized trial evidence and recent studies were emphasized. RESULTS: Randomized clinical trial evidence consistently demonstrates that supervised treadmill exercise improves treadmill walking performance in people with PAD...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464921/design-and-objectives-of-the-south-american-youth-child-cardiovascular-and-environmental-saycare-study
#13
Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho, Luis Alberto Moreno, Andrew Mello Silva, Gabriela Berg, Alejandro Estrada-Restrepo, Laura Inés González-Zapata, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Carlos Alberto Delgado, María Isabel Bove, Maria da Luz Rosario de Sousa, Francisco Leonardo Torres-Leal, Claudia L M Forjaz, Augusto César Ferreira De Moraes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the overarching study design of the South American Youth/Child Cardiovascular and Environmental (SAYCARE) study, which is an observational multicenter feasibility study held in seven South American cities: Buenos Aires (Argentina), Lima (Peru), Medellin (Colombia), Montevideo (Uruguay), Santiago (Chile), and São Paulo and Teresina (Brazil). Children and adolescents (3-17 years of age) were studied. METHODS: The data management systems, quality assurance monitoring activities, standardized operating procedure manuals, and training and study management are addressed in this paper...
March 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464907/weight-control-program-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-disadvantaged-women-with-overweight-or-obesity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Alison G Cahill, Debra Haire-Joshu, W Todd Cade, Richard I Stein, Candice L Woolfolk, Kelle Moley, Amit Mathur, Kenneth Schechtman, Samuel Klein
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a home-based lifestyle intervention delivered through Parents as Teachers (PAT) to reduce excessive gestational weight gain (GWG). METHODS: This was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial conducted as part of the LIFE-Moms consortium at a single university-based tertiary care institution from October 2012 to March 2016. There were 267 socioeconomically disadvantaged (SED) African American women with overweight or obesity (BMI 25...
March 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463287/weaved-into-the-cultural-fabric-a-qualitative-exploration-of-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-among-tribal-women-in-odisha-india
#15
Sanghamitra Pati, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Pranab Mahapatra, Devraj Hansdah, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Sandipana Pati
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based research has documented the association between alcohol intake during pregnancy and increased risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and congenital birth defects. Alcohol consumption is a complex behavior whose origins lay in cultural norms and the social structure. In tribal communities in India, alcohol misuse among women is a public health problem. This study is intended to explore perceptions and beliefs among tribal women and the community towards alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
February 20, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463169/clinical-outcomes-of-student-pharmacist-driven-medication-histories-at-an-academic-medical-center
#16
Justine S Gortney, Lynette R Moser, Priyasha Patel, Joshua N Raub
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown the positive impact that student pharmacists have on patients' health; however, no studies have been published evaluating student pharmacists' impact on direct patient outcomes (ie, readmission, emergency department [ED] visits, length of stay) related to the medication history process. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of student pharmacist-obtained medication histories on identification of medication discrepancies and clinical outcomes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462642/memory-performance-global-cerebral-volumes-and-hippocampal-subfield-volumes-in-long-term-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#17
Marte C Ørbo, Torgil R Vangberg, Pål M Tande, Audny Anke, Per M Aslaksen
AIM: We explored the associations between global brain volumes, hippocampal subfield volumes and verbal memory performance in long-term survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Three months after OHCA, survivors and healthy, age-matched controls were assessed with cerebral MRI and the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II). Volumetric brain segmentation was performed automatically by FreeSurfer. RESULTS: Twenty-six OHCA survivors who were living independently in regular homes at the time of assessment and 19 controls participated in the study...
February 17, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462152/distance-accessibility-and-costs-decision-making-during-childbirth-in-rural-sierra-leone-a-qualitative-study
#18
Laura Treacy, Håkon A Bolkan, Mette Sagbakken
BACKGROUND: Sierra Leone has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world. Efforts to reduce maternal mortality have included initiatives to encourage more women to deliver at health facilities. Despite the introduction of the free health care initiative for pregnant women, many women still continue to deliver at home, with few having access to a skilled birth attendant. In addition, inequalities between rural and urban areas in accessing and utilising health facilities persist...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462078/the-impact-of-a-health-information-technology-focused-patient-centered-medical-neighborhood-program-among-medicare-beneficiaries-in-primary-care-practices-the-effect-on-patient-outcomes-and-spending
#19
Sean Orzol, Rosalind Keith, Mynti Hossain, Michael Barna, G Greg Peterson, Timothy Day, Boyd Gilman, Laura Blue, Keith Kranker, Kate A Stewart, Sheila Hoag, Lorenzo Moreno
BACKGROUND: The Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) tests new models of paying for or delivering health care services and expands models that improve health outcomes while lowering medical spending. CMMI gave TransforMED, a national learning and dissemination contractor, a 3-year Health Care Innovation Award (HCIA) to integrate health information technology systems into physician practices. This paper estimates impacts of TransforMED's HCIA-funded program on patient outcomes and Medicare parts A and B spending...
February 16, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461934/risk-and-protective-factors-for-self-harm-in-a-population-based-sample-of-transgender-youth
#20
Lindsay A Taliaferro, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Marla E Eisenberg
This study sought to identify factors distinguishing transgender/gender non-conforming (GNC) adolescents across three groups: no self-harm, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) only, and NSSI and suicide attempt (NSSI +SA). Data were from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey. The final analytic sample included 1,635 transgender/GNC students in grades 9 and 11. Logistic regression analyses determined factors that best distinguished transgender/GNC students who reported self-harm (NSSI only or NSSI +SA) from those who reported no self-harm, and transgender/GNC adolescents who reported NSSI +SA from those who reported NSSI only...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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