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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449385/linkage-to-hiv-care-after-home-based-hiv-counselling-and-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Eugene Ruzagira, Kathy Baisley, Anatoli Kamali, Samuel Biraro, Heiner Grosskurth
BACKGROUND: Home-based HIV counselling and testing (HBHCT) has the potential to increase HIV testing uptake in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) but data on linkage to HIV care after HBHCT are scarce. We conducted a systematic review of linkage to care after HBHCT in SSA. METHODS: Five databases were searched for studies published between 1(st) January 2000 and 19(th) August 2016 that reported on linkage to care among adults newly identified with HIV infection through HBHCT...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449229/exposure-to-texture-of-foods-for-8-month-old-infants-does-the-size-of-the-pieces-matter
#2
Saakje P da Costa, Lianne Remijn, Hugo Weenen, Carel Vereijken, Cees van der Schans
The present study examined the effect of meals varying in amount, size, and hardness of food pieces on the development of the chewing capabilities of 8-month-old infants. The study also examined changes in shivering, gagging, coughing, choking, and their ability to eat from a spoon. In an in-home setting two groups were given commercially available infant meals and fruits, purees with either less, smaller and softer or more, larger and harder pieces. Both groups were given these foods for 4 weeks and were monitored several times during this period...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448743/circular-rnas-with-hammerhead-ribozymes-encoded-in-eukaryotic-genomes-the-enemy-at-home
#3
Marcos de la Peña, Amelia Cervera
A new family of non-autonomous retrotransposons with self-cleaving hammerhead ribozymes, the so called retrozymes, has recently been found encoded in a number of plant genomes. These retroelements can be actively transcribed, and their RNAs accumulate in the cells as abundant non-coding circular RNAs (circRNAs) of small size (600-1000 nt). Related circRNAs with self-cleaving ribozymes had already been described in plants, and belong to a group of infectious RNA agents with an uncertain origin: the viroids and viroid-like satellites of plant RNA viruses...
April 27, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448365/discharge-planning-and-teaching
#4
Kathryn Sexson, Allison Lindauer, Theresa A Harvath
This article is the fifth in a series, Supporting Family Caregivers: No Longer Home Alone, published in collaboration with the AARP Public Policy Institute. Results of focus groups, conducted as part of the AARP Public Policy Institute's No Longer Home Alone video project, supported evidence that family caregivers aren't being given the information they need to manage the complex care regimens of their family members. This series of articles and accompanying videos aims to help nurses provide caregivers with the tools they need to manage their family member's medications...
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448185/addition-of-spironolactone-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Liping Liu, Bing Xu, Yunfeng Ju
This study was designed to assess the effect of additional spironolactone on blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that determined the effect of add-on spironolactone on blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension compared with a control group. A total of five RCTs met the inclusion criteria. Spironolactone reduced office systolic blood pressure (SBP) by 15.73 mmHg (95% CI -20.45 to -11...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448181/blood-pressure-control-with-cilnidipine-treatment-in-japanese-post-stroke-hypertensive-patients-the-ca-attend-study
#6
Shiro Aoki, Naohisa Hosomi, Tomohisa Nezu, Tsukasa Teshima, Hitoshi Sugii, Shinobu Nagahama, Yoshiki Kurose, Hirofumi Maruyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
Blood pressure control is important in post-stroke hypertensive patients and antihypertensive treatment is recommended for such patients. Ca-channel blockers are recommended as the medications of choice for the treatment of post-stroke patients. Here, we report the results of a large-scale prospective post-marketing surveillance study of post-stroke hypertensive patients (n = 2667, male 60.4%, 69.0 ± 10.9 years) treated with cilnidipine, with regard to blood pressure control and adverse reactions. Cilnidipine treatment caused a decrease in both clinic and home blood pressures 2 months after the beginning of treatment, and the decreased blood pressure was maintained until the end of 12 months' observation...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448088/individually-tailored-dietary-counseling-among-old-home-care-clients-effects-on-nutritional-status
#7
S Pölönen, M Tiihonen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of individually tailored dietary counseling on nutritional status among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample consisted of 224 home care clients (≥ 75 years) (intervention group, n = 127; control group, n = 100) who were at protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) or risk of PEM (MNA score <24 and plasma albumin <35 g/L)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447877/when-novel-rituals-lead-to-intergroup-bias-evidence-from-economic-games-and-neurophysiology
#8
Nicholas M Hobson, Francesca Gino, Michael I Norton, Michael Inzlicht
Long-established rituals in preexisting cultural groups have been linked to the cultural evolution of group cooperation. We tested the prediction that novel rituals-arbitrary hand and body gestures enacted in a stereotypical and repeated fashion-can inculcate intergroup bias in newly formed groups. In four experiments, participants practiced novel rituals at home for 1 week (Experiments 1, 2, and 4) or once in the lab (Experiment 3) and were divided into minimal in-groups and out-groups. Our results offer mixed support for the hypothesis that novel rituals promote intergroup bias...
April 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447870/does-specialized-inpatient-rehabilitation-affect-whether-or-not-people-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-return-home
#9
Christiana L Cheng, Tova Plashkes, Tian Shen, Nader Fallah, Suzanne Humphreys, Colleen O'Connell, A Gary Linassi, Chester Ho, Christine Short, Karen Ethans, Rebecca Charbonneau, Jérôme Paquet, Vanessa K Noonan
Return to living at home is an important patient-reported outcome following traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). Specialized inpatient rehabilitation assists such patients in maximizing function and independence. Our project aim was to describe those patients receiving specialized rehabilitation after tSCI in Canada, and to determine if such rehabilitation improved the likelihood of returning home. This cohort study utilized data from RHSCIR to identify patients with tSCI discharged from 1 of 18 participating acute specialized spine facilities between 2011-2015 to either 1 of 13 participating specialized rehabilitation facilities, or another discharge destination...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447766/supervised-dosing-with-a-long-acting-opioid-medication-in-the-management-of-opioid-dependence
#10
REVIEW
Rosella Saulle, Simona Vecchi, Linda Gowing
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence (OD) is an increasing clinical and public health problem worldwide. International guidelines recommend opioid substitution treatment (OST), such as methadone and buprenorphine, as first-line medication treatment for OD. A negative aspect of OST is that the medication used can be diverted both through sale on the black market, and the unsanctioned use of medications. Daily supervised administration of medications used in OST has the advantage of reducing the risk of diversion, and may promote therapeutic engagement, potentially enhancing the psychosocial aspect of OST, but costs more and is more restrictive on the client than dispensing for off-site consumption...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447545/effects-of-a-family-based-diabetes-intervention-on-behavioral-and-biological-outcomes-for-mexican-american-adults
#11
Marylyn Morris McEwen, Alice Pasvogel, Carolyn Murdaugh, Joseph Hepworth
Purpose The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a family-based self-management support intervention for adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Methods Using a 2-group, experimental repeated measures design, 157 dyads (participant with T2DM and family member) were randomly assigned to an intervention (education, social support, home visits, and telephone calls) or a wait list control group. Data were collected at baseline, postintervention (3 months), and 6 months postintervention. A series of 2 × 3 repeated measures ANOVAs were used to test the hypotheses with interaction contrasts to assess immediate and sustained intervention effects...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447394/estimation-of-maintenance-energy-requirements-in-german-shepherd-and-labrador-retriever-dogs-in-bangalore-india
#12
H S Madhusudhan, K Chandrapal Singh, U Krishnamoorthy, K G Umesh, R Butterwick, D Wrigglesworth
Maintenance energy requirements (MERs) were calculated for 17 German shepherd and 20 Labrador retriever adult dogs using an in-home prospective dietary trial. The dogs were fed the same dry pet food and body weight, food intake, body condition score and physical activity were monitored for 10 weeks. Labrador retrievers were significantly heavier and had higher body condition scores than German shepherd dogs, but there was no difference between males and females within each group. Body weights remained stable over the study period, with an average daily gain of 9...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447103/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-following-head-and-neck-surgery-among-patients-who-contract-to-abstain-from-alcohol-vs-patients-who-abuse-alcohol
#13
Azeem S Kaka, Songzhu Zhao, Enver Ozer, Amit Agrawal, Stephen Kang, James Rocco, Ricardo Carrau, Theodoros Teknos, John D Clapp, Harrison Weed, Matthew O Old
Importance: Alcohol abuse is highly prevalent in the population of patients with head and neck cancer, and active abuse at the time of surgery results in poor postoperative outcomes. Objective: To determine the association of alcohol abstinence with postoperative outcome in alcohol misusers undergoing major surgical procedures of the head and neck. Design, Setting, and Participants: As a case-control study, from July 2013 to August 2015, outcomes were collected in patients at an academic tertiary referral center requiring free flap reconstruction who had undergone an abstinence contract (n = 15) and compared with those who were abusers of alcohol prior to the inception of the protocol (n = 30)...
April 26, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446932/telemedical-assessment-of-the-level-of-energy-expenditure-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals
#14
Tomasz Saran, Jakub Owoc, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
INTRODUCTION: Increasing the energy expenditure above the elementary level of metabolism by undertaking regular physical activity causes body mass reduction and its maintenance at a healthy level. AIM: To remote assessment of the level of physical activity in a group of overweight and obese individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was conducted in the Department of Rehabilitation at the Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland, and included a group of 514 volunteers of both genders (38 ±12 years)...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446853/the-role-of-health-extension-workers-in-linking-pregnant-women-with-health-facilities-for-delivery-in-rural-and-pastoralist-areas-of-ethiopia
#15
Ruth Jackson, Assefa Hailemariam
BACKGROUND: Women's preference to give birth at home is deeply embedded in Ethiopian culture. Many women only go to health facilities if they have complications during birth. Health Extension Workers (HEWs) have been deployed to improve the utilization of maternal health services by bridging the gap between communities and health facilities. This study examined the barriers and facilitators for HEWs as they refer women to mid-level health facilities for birth. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in three regions: Afar Region, Southern Nations Nationalities and People's Region and Tigray Region between March to December 2014...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446804/the-effects-of-increasing-calcium-channel-blocker-dose-vs-adding-a-diuretic-to-treatment-regimens-for-patients-with-uncontrolled-hypertension
#16
Shigemasa Tani, Kei Asayama, Koji Oiwa, Shinsuke Harasawa, Katsuaki Okubo, Atsuhiko Takahashi, Ayumi Tanabe, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Atsushi Hirayama, Toshio Kushiro
In patients with insufficient blood pressure (BP) control, despite using a combination regimen containing an angiotensin receptor blocker and a calcium channel blocker (CCB), whether a greater dose of CCB or adding a diuretic is more effective at lowering BP remains unclear. We conducted a multicenter randomized clinical trial to compare the efficacy of switching from the daily administration of a single-pill fixed-dose combination of irbesartan (100 mg) and amlodipine (5 mg) to irbesartan (100 mg) with an increased dose of amlodipine (10 mg) (HD group, n=62) or irbesartan (100 mg) and amlodipine (5 mg) with 1 mg of indapamide (D group, n=63) in patients with poorly controlled hypertension...
April 27, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446675/comparative-genomics-of-chrysochromulina-ericina-virus-cev-and-other-microalgae-infecting-large-dna-viruses-highlight-their-intricate-evolutionary-relationship-with-the-established-mimiviridae-family
#17
Lucie Gallot-Lavallee, Guillaume Blanc, Jean-Michel Claverie
Chrysochromulina Ericina Virus CeV-01B (CeV) was isolated from Norwegian coastal waters in 1998. Its icosahedral particle is 160 nm in diameter and encloses a 474-kb dsDNA genome. This virus, although infecting a microalgae (the haptophyceae Haptolina ericina, formerly Chrysochromulina ericina), is phylogenetically related to members of the Mimiviridae family, initially established with the acanthamoeba-infecting Mimivirus and Megavirus as prototypes. This family was latter split into two genera (Mimivirus and Cafetariavirus) following the characterization of a virus infecting the heterotrophic stramenopile Cafeteria roenbergensis (CroV)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446376/comparison-of-virtual-reality-exergaming-and-home-exercise-programs-in-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-and-scapular-dyskinesis-short-term-effect
#18
Nihan Ozunlu Pekyavas, Nevin Ergun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the short term effects of home exercise program and virtual reality exergaming in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). METHODS: A total of 30 patients with SAIS were randomized into two groups which are Home Exercise Program (EX Group) (mean age: 40.6 ± 11.7 years) and Virtual Reality Exergaming Program (WII Group) (mean age: 40.33 ± 13.2 years). Subjects were assessed at the first session, at the end of the treatment (6 weeks) and at 1 month follow-up...
April 24, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446045/telemonitoring-in-home-complex-chronic-patients-from-primary-care-in-routine-clinical-practice-impact-on-healthcare-resources-use
#19
Iñaki Martín-Lesende, Estibalitz Orruño, Maider Mateos, Elizabete Recalde, José Asua, Eva Reviriego, Juan Carlos Bayón
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates that home telemonitoring of chronic patients reduces the use of healthcare resources. However, further studies exploring this issue are needed in primary care. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a primary care-based home telemonitoring intervention for highly unstable chronic patients on the use of healthcare resources. METHODS: A one-year follow-up before and after exploratory study, without control group, was conducted...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446005/cardioprotective-effects-of-wharton-jelly-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-in-a-rodent-model-of-myocardial-injury
#20
Taghrid Gaafar, Wael Attia, Shereen Mahmoud, Dina Sabry, Osama Abdel Aziz, Dina Rasheed, Hala Hamza
Background: Whartons jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells are a valuable alternative source that possess multipotent properties, easy to obtain and available in large scale compared to BMMSCs. We investigated the possibility of cardiac function improvement post isoproterenol induced cardiac injury in a rat model following human WJMSCs transplantation. Materials and Methods: MSCs were extracted and cultured from cord WJ, characterized by morphology, Immunophenotyping and differentiation to osteoblast and adipocytes...
April 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
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