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Intelectual disability

Tirza Z Tamin, F H Idris, M Mansyur, Sidartawan Soegondo
AIM: to design a model and assess the effectiveness of endurance exercise to increase physical fitness in intelectual disability (ID) patients with obesity. METHODS: a randomized-controlled clinical trial was performed in ID patients with obesity aged 10-30 years old from all Special School in DKI Jakarta, which were randomly allocated into 3 groups and then given 3 different type of exercises: lower extremity muscles endurance exercise for 20 RM followed by cardiorespiratory endurance exercise for 24-25 minutes (type I), lower extremity muscles endurance exercises for 10 RM followed by cardiorespiratory endurance exercises for 26-27 minutes (type II), and threw a tennis ball with 10 m distance for 10 minutes as control (type III)...
April 2015: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Diana Barca, Oana Tarta-Arsene, Alice Dica, Catrinel Iliescu, Magdalena Budisteanu, Cristina Motoescu, Niculina Butoianu, Dana Craiu
UNLABELLED: Down Syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of mental retardation, with a reported frequency of epilepsy between 1.4-17% (1). There is a paucity of data in the literature regarding epilepsy in Down syndrome and its relation to intellectual disability. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to analyze the association of epilepsy in children with DS - frequency and type of seizures, treatment, outcome and to compare cognitive impairment of children with DS and epilepsy and DS without epilepsy from our cohort...
December 2014: M├Ždica
I Tanboga, M A Durhan, B Durmus, L A Marks
AIM: To assess the prevalence of signs and symptoms related to TMJ disorders in a group of young people with intelectual disability (ID) and a matched group of healthy adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 105 young Special Olympics (SO) athletes (ID group) aged from 14 to 25 years and a control group were examined for the presence or absence of signs and symptoms of TMD through interview and clinical examination. RESULTS: A total of 64 young people with ID (61%) had at least one sign of TMD compared to 41 (39%) of the individuals screened that was free of any TMD symptoms...
December 2014: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
K North, P Joy, D Yuille, N Cocks, P Hutchins
The authors evaluated 51 consecutive children with NF1 (aged eight to 16 years) to determine the frequency of intelectual impairment and learning disability due to NF1 alone, the profile of learning disabilities and the effect of clinical variables. 40 children completed the full assessment protocol. There was no support for a profile of predominantly visuoperceptual deficits in the NF1 population. There was no discrepancy between verbal and performance IQ, and the deficits in function were wide ranging. Clinical variables such as age, sex, socio-economic status, disease severity, macrocephaly and family history of NF1 were not associated with cognitive deficits...
May 1995: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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