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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527863/over-production-of-fermentable-sugar-for-bioethanol-production-from-carbohydrate-rich-malaysian-food-waste-via-sequential-acid-enzymatic-hydrolysis-pretreatment
#1
Halimatun Saadiah Hafid, Abdul Rahman Nor 'Aini, Mohd Noriznan Mokhtar, Ahmad Tarmezee Talib, Azhari Samsu Baharuddin, Md Shah Umi Kalsom
In Malaysia, the amount of food waste produced is estimated at approximately 70% of total municipal solid waste generated and characterised by high amount of carbohydrate polymers such as starch, cellulose, and sugars. Considering the beneficial organic fraction contained, its utilization as an alternative substrate specifically for bioethanol production has receiving more attention. However, the sustainable production of bioethanol from food waste is linked to the efficient pretreatment needed for higher production of fermentable sugar prior to fermentation...
May 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526964/characterization-of-a-new-isolate-of-pepper-chlorotic-spot-virus-from-yunnan-province-china
#2
Kuanyu Zheng, Tsung-Chi Chen, Shyi-Dong Yeh, Md Siddiqur Rahman, Xiaoxia Su, Kuo Wu, Ting Li, Zhongkai Zhang, Jiahong Dong
A new isolate, 14YV733, of pepper chlorotic spot virus (PCSV) from chili peppers in Yunnan province of China was identified. The typical tospoviral particles of 80-120 nm in diameter were observed by electron microscopy. The virus caused systemic symptoms in several solanaceous plants and the Brassica rapa L. Chinensis group with mechanical inoculation. The sap from infected leaves reacted positively to a rabbit antibody to the N protein of watermelon silver mottle virus (WSMoV) in immunoblotting. The S, M, and L RNAs of PCSV-14YV733 are 3310 nts, 4711 nts, and 8913 nts long, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526792/environmental-spread-of-ndm-1-producing-multi-drug-resistant-bacteria-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#3
Mohammad Aminul Islam, Moydul Islam, Rashedul Hasan, M Iqbal Hossain, Ashikun Nabi, Mahdia Rahman, Wil H F Goessens, Hubert P Endtz, Alexandria B Boehm, Shah M Faruque
Resistance to carbapenem antibiotics through the production of New Delhi Metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) constitutes an emerging challenge in the treatment of bacterial infections. To monitor possible source of spread of these organisms in Dhaka, Bangladesh, we conducted comparative analysis of waste water samples from hospital adjacent areas (HAR) and from community areas (COM) as well as public tap water samples for the occurrence and characteristics of NDM-1 producing bacteria. Of 72 HAR samples tested 51 (71%) were positive for NDM-1-producing bacteria as evidenced by phenotypic tests and the presence of blaNDM-1 gene, compared to 5 of 41 (12...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526635/arsenic-exposures-alter-clinical-indicators-of-anemia-in-a-male-population-of-smokers-and-non-smokers-in-bangladesh
#4
Faruque Parvez, Sebastian Medina, Regina Santella, Tariqul Islam, Fredine T Lauer, Nur Alam, Mahbubul Eunus, Mizanour Rahman, Pam Factor-Litvak, Habib Ahsan, Joseph Graziano, Ke Jian Liu, Scott W Burchiel
Drinking water arsenic (WAs) exposure has been linked to a number of detrimental health outcomes including anemia, primarily among pregnant women. Little is known about the effects of arsenic (As) on hematological disorders among men. We have examined the role of As exposure on hematological indicators of anemia in a group of men exposed to a wide range of As in their drinking water. We conducted a cross-sectional investigation among 119 healthy men in the Health Effects of As Longitudinal Study (HEALS) cohort, in rural Bangladesh...
May 16, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#5
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525931/innovative-delivery-method-using-a-detachable-device-to-deliver-a-large-polyglycolic-acid-sheet-to-a-gastric-ulcer-perforation
#6
Hirohito Mori, Hideki Kobara, Asadur Rahman, Noriko Nishiyama, Akira Nishiyama, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Tsutomu Masaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525654/molecular-detection-by-analysis-of-the-16s-rrna-gene-of-fecal-coliform-bacteria-from-the-two-korean-apodemus-species-apodemus-agrarius-and-a-peninsulae
#7
M M Rahman, K B Yoon, S J Lim, M G Jeon, H J Kim, H Y Kim, J Y Cho, H M Chae, Y C Park
Wild mouse feces can disseminate zoonotic microorganisms throughout a farm, which is a great threat to human health and can lead to economic loss through contaminated agricultural produce. To assess the microbial communities, especially fecal coliform bacteria, we used two methods. First, we isolated bacterial colonies onto the common media LB (lactose broth) agar, TSA (tryptic soy agar), and MRS (de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe) agar, and then randomly select colonies from each plate and stocked them to the mother plate for genomic DNA isolation...
May 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525288/inference-of-the-genetic-polymorphisms-of-cyp2d6-in-six-subtribes-of-the-malaysian-orang-asli-from-whole-genome-sequencing-data
#8
Choo Yee Yu, Geik Yong Ang, Vinothini Subramaniam, Richard Johari James, Aminuddin Ahmad, Thuhairah Abdul Rahman, Fadzilah Mohd Nor, Syahrul Azlin Shaari, Lay Kek Teh, Mohd Zaki Salleh
AIMS: CYP2D6 is one of the major enzymes in the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system. It metabolizes ∼25% of prescribed drugs and hence, the genetic diversity of CYP2D6 gene has continued to be of great interest to the medical and pharmaceutical industries. This study aims to perform a systematic analysis of the CYP2D6 gene in six subtribes of the Malaysian Orang Asli. METHODS: Genomic DNAs were extracted from the blood samples followed by whole-genome sequencing...
May 19, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524860/an-invariability-area-relationship-sheds-new-light-on-the-spatial-scaling-of-ecological-stability
#9
Shaopeng Wang, Michel Loreau, Jean-Francois Arnoldi, Jingyun Fang, K Abd Rahman, Shengli Tao, Claire de Mazancourt
The spatial scaling of stability is key to understanding ecological sustainability across scales and the sensitivity of ecosystems to habitat destruction. Here we propose the invariability-area relationship (IAR) as a novel approach to investigate the spatial scaling of stability. The shape and slope of IAR are largely determined by patterns of spatial synchrony across scales. When synchrony decays exponentially with distance, IARs exhibit three phases, characterized by steeper increases in invariability at both small and large scales...
May 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524240/potential-serum-biomarkers-associated-with-mild-and-severe-leptospirosis-infection-a-cohort-study-in-the-malaysian-population
#10
Tan Xue Ting, Fairuz Binti Amran, Ravindran Thayan, Norazah Ahmad, Roslinda Jaafar, Rahimah Haron, Rafidah Abdullah, Sazwan Reezal Bin Shamsuddin, Nor Suhaila Binti Md Riffin, Puteri Shafinaz Abdul-Rahman
Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonotic infectious disease in Malaysia. The symptoms of leptospirosis vary from mild non-specific flu-like illness to a severe condition which is usually associated with serious complication and fatality. To study the protein expression profile of mild and severe leptospirosis, fifteen paired sera were collected from the patients who were mildly infected and following that progressed to severe stage. The proteome profiles of mild and severe cases were studied using 2DE analysis in combination with LC-MS/MS...
May 19, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523639/association-mapping-of-yield-and-yield-related-traits-under-reproductive-stage-drought-stress-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#11
B P Mallikarjuna Swamy, Noraziyah Abd Aziz Shamsudin, Site Noorzuraini Abd Rahman, Ramil Mauleon, Wickneswari Ratnam, Ma Teressa Sta Cruz, Arvind Kumar
BACKGROUND: The identification and introgression of major-effect QTLs for grain yield under drought are some of the best and well-proven approaches for improving the drought tolerance of rice varieties. In the present study, we characterized Malaysian rice germplasm for yield and yield-related traits and identified significant trait marker associations by structured association mapping. RESULTS: The drought screening was successful in screening germplasm with a yield reduction of up to 60% and heritability for grain yield under drought was up to 78%...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522863/effects-of-replacing-leymus-chinensis-with-whole-crop-wheat-hay-on-holstein-bull-apparent-digestibility-plasma-parameters-rumen-fermentation-and-microbiota
#12
Wenjing Niu, Yang He, Chuanqi Xia, Muhammad Aziz Ur Rahman, Qinghua Qiu, Taoqi Shao, Yixun Liang, Linbao Ji, Haibo Wang, Binghai Cao
Twelve Holstein bulls were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design to investigate the effects of using whole-crop wheat hay (WCWH) as a substitute for Leymus chinensis (LC) on apparent digestibility, plasma parameters, ruminal fermentation, and microbial communities. Experimental treatments were four proportions of WCWH, 0, 33, 67, and 100%, as a substitute for LC (WCWH0, WCWH33, WCWH67, and WCWH100, respectively). The WCWH100 group showed a higher nutritional intake of crude protein (CP) and higher apparent digestibility of organic matter (OM), CP, and ether extract (EE) than the WCWH0 group (P < 0...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521278/scaffold-protein-jlp-mediates-tcr-initiated-cd4-t-cell-activation-and-cd154-expression
#13
Qi Yan, Cheng Yang, Qiang Fu, Zhaowei Chen, Shan Liu, Dou Fu, Rahmat N Rahman, Ryota Nakazato, Katsuji Yoshioka, Sam K P Kung, Guohua Ding, Huiming Wang
CD4(+) T-cell activation and its subsequent induction of CD154 (CD40 ligand, CD40L) expression are pivotal in shaping both the humoral and cellular immune responses. Scaffold protein JLP regulates signal transduction pathways and molecular trafficking inside cells, thus represents a critical component in maintaining cellular functions. Its role in regulating CD4(+) T-cell activation and CD154 expression, however, is unclear. Here, we demonstrated expression of JLP in mouse tissues of lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, and also CD4(+) T cells...
May 15, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520955/effect-of-intrathecally-administered-ketamine-morphine-and-their-combination-added-to-bupivacaine-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#14
Ahmad M Abd El-Rahman, Ashraf A Mohamed, Sahar A Mohamed, Mohamed A M Mostafa
Objective. : Effective postoperative pain control reduces postoperative morbidity. In this study, we investigated the effects of intrathecal morphine, ketamine, and their combination with bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia in major abdominal cancer surgery. Study Design. : Prospective, randomized, double-blind. Setting. : Academic medical center. Patients and Methods.:  Ninety ASA I-III patients age 30 to 50 years were divided randomly into three groups: the morphine group (group M) received 10 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0...
May 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515857/contrast-use-in-relation-to-the-arterial-access-site-for-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#15
Rahman Shah, Anthony Mattox, M Rehan Khan, Chalak Berzingi, Abdul Rashid
AIM: To compare the amount of contrast used during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) via trans-radial access (TRA) vs trans-femoral access (TFA). METHODS: Scientific databases and websites were searched for:randomizedcontrolledtrials (RCTs). Data were extracted by two independent reviewers and was summarized as the weighted mean difference (WMD) of contrast used with a 95%CI using a random-effects model. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 13 RCTs with a total of 3165 patients...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515849/feature-tracking-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-review-of-a-novel-non-invasive-cardiac-imaging-technique
#16
REVIEW
Zia Ur Rahman, Pooja Sethi, Ghulam Murtaza, Hafeez Ul Hassan Virk, Aitzaz Rai, Masliza Mahmod, Jeffrey Schoondyke, Kais Albalbissi
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Early diagnostic markers are gaining popularity for better patient care disease outcomes. There is an increasing interest in noninvasive cardiac imaging biomarkers to diagnose subclinical cardiac disease. Feature tracking cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is a novel post-processing technique that is increasingly being employed to assess global and regional myocardial function. This technique has numerous applications in structural and functional diagnostics...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515660/environmental-factors-associated-with-the-distribution-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-endemic-areas-of-bangladesh-modeling-the-ecological-niche
#17
Abu Yousuf Md Abdullah, Ashraf Dewan, Md Rakibul Islam Shogib, Md Masudur Rahman, Md Faruk Hossain
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a parasitic infection (also called kala-azar in South Asia) caused by Leishmania donovani that is a considerable threat to public health in the Indian subcontinent, including densely populated Bangladesh. The disease seriously affects the poorest subset of the population in the subcontinent. Despite the fact that the incidence of VL results in significant morbidity and mortality, its environmental determinants are relatively poorly understood, especially in Bangladesh...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515329/inference-of-facultative-mobility-in-the-enigmatic-ediacaran-organism-parvancorina
#18
Simon A F Darroch, Imran A Rahman, Brandt Gibson, Rachel A Racicot, Marc Laflamme
Establishing how Ediacaran organisms moved and fed is critical to deciphering their ecological and evolutionary significance, but has long been confounded by their non-analogue body plans. Here, we use computational fluid dynamics to quantitatively analyse water flow around the Ediacaran taxon Parvancorina, thereby testing between competing models for feeding mode and mobility. The results show that flow was not distributed evenly across the organism, but was directed towards localized areas; this allows us to reject osmotrophy, and instead supports either suspension feeding or detritivory...
May 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515118/risk-factors-for-heart-failure-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-the-cric-chronic-renal-insufficiency-cohort-study
#19
Jiang He, Michael Shlipak, Amanda Anderson, Jason A Roy, Harold I Feldman, Radhakrishna Reddy Kallem, Radhika Kanthety, John W Kusek, Akinlolu Ojo, Mahboob Rahman, Ana C Ricardo, Elsayed Z Soliman, Myles Wolf, Xiaoming Zhang, Dominic Raj, Lee Hamm
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is common in patients with chronic kidney disease. We studied risk factors for incident heart failure among 3557 participants in the CRIC (Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort) Study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Kidney function was assessed by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using serum creatinine, cystatin C, or both, and 24-hour urine albumin excretion. During an average of 6.3 years of follow-up, 452 participants developed incident heart failure...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514180/molecular-typing-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-strains-isolated-from-mollusks-in-the-north-adriatic-sea
#20
Mohammad Shamsur Rahman, Roberta Carraro, Barbara Cardazzo, Lisa Carraro, Davide Boscolo Meneguolo, Maria Elena Martino, Nadia Andrea Andreani, Paola Bordin, Renzo Mioni, Lisa Barco, Enrico Novelli, Stefania Balzan, Luca Fasolato
BACKGROUND: Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an emerging foodborne pathogen in the Mediterranean, usually associated with shellfish consumption. The increase in the number of outbreaks in Europe is primarily associated with the global warming of the ocean that has a great impact on the spread and genetic selection of waterborne pathogens. The primary role of Italy in Europe's mollusk production, together with the fact that cases of infections with V. parahaemolyticus are not always notified to the European community, highlighted the necessity of acquiring new information about the epidemiological involvement of shellfish products...
May 17, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
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