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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228369/feasibility-of-implementing-a-patient-centered-postoperative-wound-monitoring-program-using-smartphone-images-a-pilot-protocol
#1
Sara Fernandes-Taylor, Rebecca L Gunter, Kyla M Bennett, Lola Awoyinka, Shahrose Rahman, Caprice C Greenberg, K Craig Kent
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) represent a significant public health problem as the most common nosocomial infection and a leading cause of unplanned hospital readmissions among surgical patients. Many develop following hospital discharge and often go unrecognized by patients. Telemedicine offers the opportunity to leverage the mobile technology to remotely monitor wound recovery in the transitional period between hospital discharge and routine clinic follow-up. However, many existing telemedicine platforms are episodic, replacing routine follow-up, rather than equipped for continued monitoring; they include only low-risk patient populations and those who already have access to and comfort with the necessary technology; and transmit no visual information...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228098/anti-obesity-effect-of-ethanolic-extract-from-cosmos-caudatus-kunth-leaf-in-lean-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#2
Hafeedza Abdul Rahman, Najla Gooda Sahib, Nazamid Saari, Faridah Abas, Amin Ismail, Muhammad Waseem Mumtaz, Azizah Abdul Hamid
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major health concern both in developed and developing countries. The use of herbal medicines became the subject of interest for the management of obesity due to its natural origin, cost effectiveness and minimal side effects. The present study aimed at investigating anti-obesity potential of ethanolic extract from Cosmos caudatus Kunth leaf (EECCL). METHODS: In this study, the rats were randomly divided into six groups i.e., (1) Normal Diet (ND); (2) Normal Diet and 175 mg/kgBW of EECCL (ND + 175 mg/kgBW); (3) Normal Diet and 350 mg/kgBW of EECCL (ND + 350 mg/kgBW); (4) High Fat Diet (HFD); (5) High Fat Diet and 175 mg/kgBW of EECCL (HFD + 175 mg/kgBW); (6) High Fat Diet and 350 mg/kgBW of EECCL (HFD + 350 mg/kgBW)...
February 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226488/synchrosqueezing-an-effective-method-for-analyzing-doppler-radar-physiological-signals
#3
Ehsan Yavari, Ashikur Rahman, Jia Xu, Danilo P Mandic, Olga Boric-Lubecke, Ehsan Yavari, Ashikur Rahman, Jia Xu, Danilo P Mandic, Olga Boric-Lubecke, Jia Xu, Olga Boric-Lubecke, Ehsan Yavari, Danilo P Mandic, Ashikur Rahman
Doppler radar can monitor vital sign wirelessly. Respiratory and heart rate have time-varying behavior. Capturing the rate variability provides crucial physiological information. However, the common time-frequency methods fail to detect key information. We investigate Synchrosqueezing method to extract oscillatory components of the signal with time varying spectrum. Simulation and experimental result shows the potential of the proposed method for analyzing signals with complex time-frequency behavior like physiological signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223845/the-predictors-of-poor-quality-of-life-in-a-sample-of-saudi-women-with-breast-cancer
#4
Anwar E Ahmed, Abdulrahman G Alharbi, Mohannad A Alsadhan, Alaa S Almuzaini, Hanin S Almuzaini, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
BACKGROUND: The protocols for treatment, along with many adverse effects, can strongly affect cancer patients' quality of life (QoL). As there is limited research on the QoL of Saudi Arabian women being treated for breast cancer, the purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of poor QoL in a sample of Saudi women with breast cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 Saudi women with breast cancer who attended the Oncology Outpatient Clinic at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh for routine follow-up...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223831/cost-analysis-of-facial-injury-treatment-in-two-university-hospitals-in-malaysia-a-prospective-study
#5
Bin Sulong Saperi, Roszalina Ramli, Zafar Ahmed, Amrizal Muhd Nur, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Muhd Fazlynizam Rashdi, Rifqah Nordin, Normastura Abd Rahman, Azizah Yusoff, Abd Jabar Nazimi, Roselinda Abdul Rahman, Noorhayati Abdul Razak, Norlen Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: Facial injury (FI) may occur in isolation or in association with injuries to other parts of the body (facial and other injury [FOI]). The objective of this study was to determine the direct treatment costs incurred during the management of facial trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study on treatment cost for FIs and FOIs due to road-traffic crashes in two university hospitals in Malaysia was conducted from July 2010 to June 2011. The patients were recruited from emergency departments and reviewed after 6 months from the date of initial treatment...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222800/exome-sequencing-identifies-slc26a4-gjb2-scarb2-and-duox2-mutations-in-2-siblings-with-pendred-syndrome-in-a-malaysian-family
#6
Yock-Ping Chow, Nor Azian Abdul Murad, Zamzureena Mohd Rani, Jia-Shiun Khoo, Pei-Sin Chong, Loo-Ling Wu, Rahman Jamal
BACKGROUND: Pendred syndrome (PDS, MIM #274600) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital sensorineural hearing loss and goiter. In this study, we describing the possible PDS causal mutations in a Malaysian family with 2 daughters diagnosed with bilateral hearing loss and hypothyroidism. METHODS AND RESULTS: Whole exome sequencing was performed on 2 sisters with PDS and their unaffected parents. Our results showed that both sisters inherited monoallelic mutations in the 2 known PDS genes, SLC26A4 (ENST00000265715:c...
February 21, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221762/direct-observation-of-2d-electrostatics-and-ohmic-contacts-in-template-grown-graphene-ws2-heterostructures
#7
Changxi Zheng, Qianhui Zhang, Bent Weber, Hesameddin Ilatikhameneh, Fan Chen, Harshad Sahasrabudhe, Rajib Rahman, Shiqiang Li, Zhen Chen, Jack Hellerstedt, Yupeng Zhang, Wen Hui Duan, Qiaoliang Bao, Michael S Fuhrer
Large-area two-dimensional (2D) heterojunctions are promising building blocks of 2D circuits. Understanding their intriguing electrostatics is pivotal but largely hindered by the lack of direct observations. Here graphene-WS2 heterojunctions are prepared over large areas using a seedless ambient-pressure chemical vapor deposition technique. Kelvin probe force microscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy characterize the doping in graphene-WS2 heterojunctions as-grown on sapphire and transferred to SiO2 with and without thermal annealing...
February 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220132/identification-of-marker-trait-associations-for-lint-traits-in-cotton
#8
Muhammad A Iqbal, Mehboob-Ur- Rahman
Harvesting high quality lint, a long-awaited breeding goal-accomplished partly, can be achieved by identifying DNA markers which could be used for diagnosing cotton plants containing the desired traits. In the present studies, a total of 185 cotton genotypes exhibiting diversity for lint traits were selected from a set of 546 genotypes evaluated for fiber traits in 2009. These genotypes were extensively studied for three consecutive years (2011-2013) at three different locations. Significant genetic variations were found for average boll weight, ginning out turn (GOT), micronaire value, staple length, fiber bundle strength, and uniformity index...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218670/religion-and-animal-welfare-an-islamic-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218317/observation-of-covalent-and-electrostatic-bonds-in-nitrogen-containing-polycyclic-ions-formed-by-gas-phase-reactions-of-the-benzene-radical-cation-with-pyrimidine
#10
Isaac Kwame Attah, Abdel-Rahman Soliman, Sean P Platt, Michael Meot-Ner Mautner, Saaudallah G Aziz, M Samy El-Shall
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polycyclic aromatic nitrogen heterocyclics (PANHs) are present in ionizing environments, including interstellar clouds and solar nebulae, where their ions can interact with neutral PAH and PANH molecules leading to the formation of a variety of complex organics including large N-containing ions. Herein, we report on the formation of a covalently-bonded (benzene·pyrimidine) radical cation dimer by the gas phase reaction of pyrimidine with the benzene radical cation at room temperature using the mass-selected ion mobility technique...
February 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217961/cellular-evidence-of-exosomes-in-the-reproductive-tract-of-chinese-soft-shelled-turtle-pelodiscus-sinensis
#11
Muhammad Yasir Waqas, Qian Zhang, Nisar Ahmed, Ping Yang, Guipei Xing, Masood Akhtar, Abdul Basit, Tengfei Liu, Chen Hong, Muhammad Arshad, Hafiz Muhammad Saif-Ur Rahman, Qiusheng Chen
The oviduct is a location of egg production, fertilization, and sperm storage. While its secretions have broadly attributes toward different physiological functions. We examined the ultrastructure of oviduct epithelium and glands in relation to the secretions, particularly with exosomes origin in Chinese soft-shelled turtle Pelodiscus sinensis using immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy. The ciliated epithelial and gland cells were involved in the release of exosomes and secretions into lumen throughout the year...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217902/moving-towards-population-based-genetic-risk-prediction-for-ovarian-cancer
#12
Belinda Rahman, Lucy Side, Sahra Gibbon, Susanne F Meisel, Lindsay Fraser, Sue Gessler, Jane Wardle, Anne Lanceley
Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer in UK women, and the leading cause of gynaecological cancer death. Five-year survival rates, of around 40%, have shown little improvement despite recent advances in cancer treatment. Mutations in the cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 confer lifetime risks of breast and ovarian cancer of up to 80% and 40% respectively. The traditional approach of using cancer family history to select patients for genetic testing is being challenged; up to 44% of BRCA mutation carriers do not have a significant family history...
February 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217358/crystal-structure-of-chlorido-bis-1-2-5-6-%C3%AE-cyclo-octa-1-5-diene-iridium-i
#13
A K Fazlur Rahman, Miles Wilklow-Marnell, William W Brennessel, William D Jones
The title complex, [IrCl(C8H12)2], was synthesized directly from the reaction of IrCl3·3H2O with a large excess of cod (cod = cyclo-octa-1,5-diene) in alcoholic solvent. Large yellow needles were obtained by the slow cooling of a hot solution. Based on the positions of the chloride ligand and the mid-points of the four C=C bonds, the mol-ecule adopts a five-coordinate geometry that is midway between square pyramidal and trigonal bipyramidal. The material crystallizes in the ortho-rhom-bic space group Pbca with one mol-ecule per asymmetric unit in a general position and shows no significant inter-molecular inter-actions...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216559/aloe-vera-for-tissue-engineering-applications
#14
REVIEW
Shekh Rahman, Princeton Carter, Narayan Bhattarai
Aloe vera, also referred as Aloe barbadensis Miller, is a succulent plant widely used for biomedical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications. Aloe vera has been used for thousands of years. However, recent significant advances have been made in the development of aloe vera for tissue engineering applications. Aloe vera has received considerable attention in tissue engineering due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility, and low toxicity properties. Aloe vera has been reported to have many biologically active components...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216347/systemic-application-of-carbon-monoxide-releasing-molecule-3-protects-skeletal-muscle-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#15
Aurelia Bihari, Gediminas Cepinskas, Thomas L Forbes, Richard F Potter, Abdel-Rahman Lawendy
OBJECTIVE: Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is a limb- and life-threatening complication of acute limb ischemia and musculoskeletal trauma. Carbon monoxide-releasing molecules (CORMs) have recently been shown to protect microvascular perfusion and to reduce inflammation and injury in various ischemic animal models. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of water-soluble CORM-3 on the extent of IR-induced muscle injury. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomized into three groups: sham (no ischemia), IR + CORM-3 (10 mg/kg intraperitoneally), and IR + inactive CORM-3 (iCORM-3; 10 mg/kg intraperitoneally)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215170/derivatives-of-6-nitrobenzimidazole-inhibit-fructose-mediated-protein-glycation-and-intracellular-reactive-oxygen-species-production
#16
Humera Jahan, Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary, Zarbad Shah, Khalid M Khan, Atta-Ur-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Benzimidazoles are important pharmacophores in drug discovery. Several of them are currently used drugs, such as flubendazole, omeprazole, and astemizole for the treatment of anthelmintic, antiulcerative, and antihistaminic diseases, respectively. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to study the antiglycation activity of nitrobenzimidazole derivatives against fructose-mediated human serum albumin (HSA) glycation. The study was also aimed to investigate effects of newly identified antiglycation inhibitors on AGEs-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species production, and associated impaired proliferation of the hepatocytes...
February 16, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215057/efficacy-of-human-platelet-rich-fibrin-exudate-vs-fetal-bovine-serum-on-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#17
Mahmoud A Saeed, Mohamed Abd El-Rahman, Mohamed E Helal, Ahmed R Zaher, Mohammed E Grawish
Background and Objectives: The imperative role of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in regenerative therapy demands an in-vitro expansion which must deal with the safety and ethical problems associated with fetal bovine serum (FBS). The primary aim of this study was to compare the effects of human platelet rich fibrin (hPRF) exudate Vs FBS on proliferation and osteodifferentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). The secondary one was to determine the optimum concentration of hPRF exudate inducing hDPSCs proliferation and osteodifferentiation...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215046/genome-resolved-metagenomics-of-a-bioremediation-system-for-degradation-of-thiocyanate-in-mine-water-containing-suspended-solid-tailings
#18
Sumayah F Rahman, Rose S Kantor, Robert Huddy, Brian C Thomas, Andries W van Zyl, Susan T L Harrison, Jillian F Banfield
Thiocyanate (SCN(-) ) is a toxic compound that forms when cyanide (CN(-) ), used to recover gold, reacts with sulfur species. SCN(-) -degrading microbial communities have been studied, using bioreactors fed synthetic wastewater. The inclusion of suspended solids in the form of mineral tailings, during the development of the acclimatized microbial consortium, led to the selection of an active planktonic microbial community. Preliminary analysis of the community composition revealed reduced microbial diversity relative to the laboratory-based reactors operated without suspended solids...
February 19, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214973/a-multifunctional-alanine-rich-anti-inflammatory-peptide-bcp61-showed-potent-inhibitory-effects-by-inhibiting-both-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapk-expression
#19
Yun Hee Choi, Yoon Seok Choi, Young Kyun Kim, Md Saifur Rahman, G C Pradeep, Jin Cheol Yoo, Joo-Won Suh
The purified BCP61 was reported to be a unique low-molecular-weight (MW) anti-microbial peptide because of its non-identical alanine-rich N-terminal sequence. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of BCP61 on induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), pro-inflammatory cytokines, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells. The treatment with BCP61, with varying concentrations of 10, 50, and 100 μg/mL, inhibited levels of expression of LPS-induced NF-κB and MAPKs (extracellular signal-related kinases (ERKs), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), and mitogen-activated protein (p38)) as well as production of pro-inflammatory mediators, such as nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6)...
February 18, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214542/several-hpept1-transported-drugs-are-substrates-of-the-e-coli-proton-coupled-oligopeptide-transporter-ydgr
#20
Bala K Prabhala, Nanda G Aduri, Mazhar Iqbal, Moazur Rahman, Michael Gajhede, Paul R Hansen, Osman Mirza
Proton-dependent oligopeptide transporters (POTs) are secondary active transporters found in all kingdoms of life. POTs utilize the proton electrochemical gradient for the uptake of nutrient dipeptides and tripeptides. The human POT hPepT1 is known to transport a number of drugs. As part of ongoing studies on substrate specificities of POTs from E. coli, our aim in this study was to investigate whether bacterial POTs could also transport these drugs. For this, we selected the common orally administered drugs sulpiride, bestatin, valacyclovir, ampicillin and oseltamivir, that are all transported by hPepT1...
February 15, 2017: Research in Microbiology
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