Read by QxMD icon Read


Joachim Ruber, Franziska Bauer, Andrew Millard, Uta Raeder, Jürgen Geist, Katrin Zwirglmaier
Picocyanobacteria are important primary producers in freshwater, however there is still a knowledge gap regarding their diversity at the strain level. For this reason, the microbial diversity of four lakes with different trophic states was investigated by sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene using universal primers. The study was performed in selected lakes of the Osterseen Lake District, Germany, from 2012 to 2014 (Lake Schiffhuettensee: eutrophic; Lake Ostersee: meso-oligotrophic; Lake Groebensee: oligotrophic; Lake Lustsee: oligotrophic)...
November 1, 2016: Microbiology
Franziska A Herbst, Maria Heckel, Stephanie Stiel, Christoph Ostgathe
BACKGROUND: The Bavarian State Ministry of Health and Care fosters the establishment of regional hospice and palliative care networks in Bavaria, Germany. Little is known about well-tried structures and beneficial strategies of collaboration within such networks. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to investigate general conditions under which hospice and palliative care networks in Bavaria perform successfully and to explore modes of working, forms of organisation, and channels of communication...
November 23, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Alexander Zink, Ivonne Hänsel, Markus Rotter, Christoph D Spinner, Alexander Böhner, Tilo Biedermann
is missing (Short communication).
October 14, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Jeffrey P Jacobs, David M Shahian, Richard L Prager, Fred H Edwards, Donna McDonald, Jane M Han, Richard S D'Agostino, Marshall L Jacobs, Benjamin D Kozower, Vinay Badhwar, Vinod H Thourani, Henning A Gaissert, Felix G Fernandez, Cameron D Wright, Gaetano Paone, Joseph C Cleveland, J Matthew Brennan, Rachel S Dokholyan, Leo Brothers, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Robert H Habib, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Frederick L Grover, G Alexander Patterson, Joseph E Bavaria
The art and science of outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety continue to evolve, and cardiothoracic surgery leads many of these advances. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database is one of the principal reasons for this leadership role, as it provides a platform for the generation of knowledge in all of these domains. Understanding these topics is a professional responsibility of all cardiothoracic surgeons. Therefore, beginning in January 2016, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery began publishing a monthly series of scholarly articles on outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Valentina Arnao, Nemanja Popovic, Valeria Caso
INTRODUCTION: There is a wide difference in stroke care in European Countries, conditioning the performance in stroke management. OBJECTIVE: The authors review current national and regional stroke organisational models and their adherence to current European Stroke Organisation (ESO) guidelines across the Europe and on-going European Stroke Projects. Stroke Care Models investigated in: Austria, Switzerland, Bavaria (Germany), London and Greater Manchester in the UK, Catalonia (Spain), Lombardy Region in Italy, Poland and Northern Portugal...
November 8, 2016: La Presse Médicale
Gordian J Hubert, Atte Meretoja, Heinrich J Audebert, Turgut Tatlisumak, Florian Zeman, Sandra Boy, Roman L Haberl, Markku Kaste, Peter Müller-Barna
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intravenous thrombolysis with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) for acute ischemic stroke is more effective when delivered early. Timely delivery is challenging particularly in rural areas with long distances. We compared delays and treatment rates of a large, decentralized telemedicine-based system and a well-organized, large, centralized single-hospital system. METHODS: We analyzed the centralized system of the Helsinki University Central Hospital (Helsinki and Province of Uusimaa, Finland, 1...
November 10, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Kathrin Gürlich, Caroline Herr, Lana Hendrowarsito, Alisa Weber, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Manfred Wildner, Bernhard Liebl, Gabriele Bolte, Rudolf A Jörres, Stefanie Kolb
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ten years after the establishment of health monitoring units (GME) in Bavaria, temporal trends and urban-rural differences in parent-reported respiratory and allergic diseases as well as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in preschoolers were analyzed in an explorative manner. Furthermore, associations between diseases and ETS exposure were studied. METHODS: Parent questionnaires were used as part of the school entrance examination in two cross sectional studies (S1:2004/2005, n 1 = 6350; S2:2012/2013, n 2 = 5052)...
October 28, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Josef Stehlik, Joseph E Bavaria, Jeroen Bax, Jack L Cronenwett, Leah B Edwards, Ronald M Fairman, Roberto Ferrari, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Maryl R Johnson, Larry W Kraiss, Frederick A Masoudi, Mandeep R Mehra, Alec Vahanian, Mary Norine Walsh, Lars H Lund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Olaf Gefeller, Wolfgang Uter, Annette B Pfahlberg
During childhood, parents play a vital role in sun protection of their children. Their guidance is essential for avoiding excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, a risk factor for developing skin cancer in later life. In a population-based cross-sectional study conducted between October 2011 and February 2012, we assessed how 3281 parents implemented sun protection for their three- to six-year-old children in practice. In particular, clothing, shade-seeking behavior, wearing of sunhats and sunglasses, use of sunscreens and the amount of time spent outdoors were ascertained in two settings (beach, garden/playground)...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Andrea Streng, Veit Grote, Anita Rack-Hoch, Johannes G Liese
BACKGROUND: Universal varicella vaccination for one-year-old children was introduced in Germany in 2004. We investigated changes in incidence and type of varicella-associated neurologic complications in children during the first 7 years after universal vaccination recommendation. METHODS: Surveillance study based on patients <17 years of age with an International Classification of Diseases (10 Revision, ICD-10) discharge diagnosis of varicella, annually reported by 22-29 pediatric hospitals in Bavaria (Germany), 2005 to 2011...
October 3, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Prashanth Vallabhajosyula, Jean Paul Gottret, Rohan Menon, Ibrahim Sultan, Zara Abbas, Mary Siki, Matthew Kramer, Aaron Pulsipher, Suveeksha Naidu, Alberto Pochettino, Kariana Milewski, Wilson Y Szeto, Joseph E Bavaria
BACKGROUND: In acute DeBakey I aortic dissection presenting with malperfusion syndromes, we assessed whether standard open repair with concomitant antegrade stent grafting (thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair; TEVAR) of the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) improves outcomes compared with standard repair alone. METHODS: From 2005 to 2012, 277 patients with acute DeBakey I dissection underwent emergent operation. Of these, 104 patients (37%) presenting with end-organ malperfusion were divided into those undergoing standard distal repair entailing transverse hemiarch replacement (Standard group, n = 65) versus standard repair with concomitant DTA TEVAR during circulatory arrest (TEVAR group, n = 39)...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Cornelia Fiessler, Annette B Pfahlberg, Andrea K Keller, Martin Radespiel-Tröger, Wolfgang Uter, Olaf Gefeller
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the effect of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure in infancy on melanoma risk in later life is scarce. Three recent studies suggest that people born in spring carry a higher melanoma risk. Our study aimed at verifying whether such a seasonal pattern of melanoma risk actually exists. METHODS: Data from the population-based Cancer Registry Bavaria (CRB) on the birth months of 28 374 incident melanoma cases between 2002 and 2012 were analysed and compared with data from the Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing on the birth month distribution in the Bavarian population...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
S Lebentrau, M May, D Weckermann, T Speck, A-K Wick, M Mathew, M Schostak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The adjuvant treatment of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is based on the individual risk profile (RP) and its sufficient transfer from the clinic to the doctor's office. The objectives of our study were to verify the importance and degree of transfer of RP and recommendation for risk-adapted adjuvant treatment (RAAT) in patients with NMIBC as well as to develop appropriate tools for this purpose, if necessary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An email-based survey distributed to urologists in Brandenburg, Berlin, Bavaria and Lower Saxony explored the questions mentioned above...
September 16, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Steffen Rehbein, M Knaus, M Visser, R Rauh, S Yoon
Gastrointestinal and pulmonary nematode infections are affecting the health and productivity of grazing cattle worldwide. To evaluate the effects of a single treatment with ivermectin long-acting injection (IVM LAI; IVOMEC® GOLD, Merial; 3.15 % ivermectin w/v) in first-grazing season cattle, two studies were conducted under continued stocking conditions for 84 or 100 days in Bavaria, Germany. Each study involved 68 naturally infected, approximately 4- to 6-month-old Brown Swiss bull calves. Animals were blocked based on pretreatment body weights...
September 15, 2016: Parasitology Research
B Hager, K Kraywinkel, B Keck, A Katalinic, M Meyer, S R Zeissig, R Scheufele, M P Wirth, J Huber
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines do not recommend a preferred treatment modality for locally advanced prostate cancer. The aim of the study was to compare treatment patterns found in the USA and Germany and to analyze possible trends over time. METHODS: We compared 'Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results' (SEER) data (USA) with reports from four German federal epidemiological cancer registries (Eastern Germany, Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein), both from 2004 to 2012...
September 13, 2016: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Andreas Beyerlein, Daniela Koller, Anette-Gabriele Ziegler, Nicholas Lack, Werner Maier
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) occurs in 2-6 % of all pregnancies. We investigated whether area level deprivation is associated with a higher risk for GDM and whether GDM detection rates in deprived regions changed after the introduction of charge-free GDM screening in Germany in 2012. METHODS: We analyzed population-based data from Bavaria, Germany, comprising n = 587,621 deliveries in obstetric units between 2008 and 2014. Area level deprivation was assessed municipality-based using the Bavarian Index of Multiple Deprivation (BIMD), divided into quintiles and assigned to each mother based on her residential address...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Wolfgang Dworschak, Christoph Ratz, Michael Wagner
Numerous studies have reported a high prevalence of challenging behavior among students with intellectual disabilities (ID). They discuss different putative risk markers as well as their influence on the occurrence of challenging behavior. The study investigates the prevalence of challenging behavior and evaluates in terms of a replication study well-known putative risk markers among a representative sample of students with ID (N=1629) in Bavaria, one of the largest regions in Germany. The research is based on a modified version of the Developmental Behavior Checklist (DBC)...
November 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Martin Wiesmeier, Christopher Poeplau, Carlos A Sierra, Harald Maier, Cathleen Frühauf, Rico Hübner, Anna Kühnel, Peter Spörlein, Uwe Geuß, Edzard Hangen, Bernd Schilling, Margit von Lützow, Ingrid Kögel-Knabner
Climate change and stagnating crop yields may cause a decline of SOC stocks in agricultural soils leading to considerable CO2 emissions and reduced agricultural productivity. Regional model-based SOC projections are needed to evaluate these potential risks. In this study, we simulated the future SOC development in cropland and grassland soils of Bavaria in the 21(st) century. Soils from 51 study sites representing the most important soil classes of Central Europe were fractionated and derived SOC pools were used to initialize the RothC soil carbon model...
2016: Scientific Reports
Paolo Berretta, Himanshu J Patel, Thomas G Gleason, Thoralf M Sundt, Truls Myrmel, Nimesh Desai, Amit Korach, Antonello Panza, Joe Bavaria, Ali Khoynezhad, Elise Woznicki, Dan Montgomery, Eric M Isselbacher, Roberto Di Bartolomeo, Rossella Fattori, Christoph A Nienaber, Kim A Eagle, Santi Trimarchi, Marco Di Eusanio
Type A acute aortic dissection (TAAD) is a disease that has a catastrophic impact on a patient's life and emergent surgery represents a key goal of early treatment. Despite continuous improvements in imaging techniques, medical therapy and surgical management, early mortality in patients undergoing TAAD repair still remains high, ranging from 17% to 26%. In this setting, the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD), the largest worldwide registry for acute aortic dissection, was established to assess clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of TAAD patients...
July 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Matthew L Williams, Joseph E Bavaria, Michael A Acker, Nimesh D Desai, Prashanth Vallabhajosyula, W Clark Hargrove, Pavan Atluri, Wilson Y Szeto
BACKGROUND: When valve replacement is required in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), it is not clear if mechanical or bioprosthetic valve selection is better. We compared outcomes between ESRD patients who underwent either mechanical or biologic valve replacements at our institution. METHODS: All patients with ESRD who underwent either mitral or aortic valve replacement from 2002 to 2014 at our institution were reviewed (n = 215; mechanical = 64, biological = 151)...
August 17, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"