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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744373/body-image-in-paediatric-burns-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Ian C C King
Burn injuries in children can result in life-long disfigurement. As medical and surgical techniques of burn management improve survival prospects more than ever before, body image adjustment is increasingly a central consideration in the care of burn-injured individuals. An appreciation that both physiological and psychosocial processes underpin such injuries is key to understanding wound healing. Perceptions of idealized body images in Western society challenge children and their families as they grow up with and adapt to disfigurement from burns...
2018: Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657096/mother-father-and-child-traumatic-stress-reactions-after-paediatric-burn-within-family-co-occurrence-and-parent-child-discrepancies-in-appraisals-of-child-stress
#2
Marthe R Egberts, Rens van de Schoot, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E E Van Loey
AIM: The current study examined occurrence and within-family associations of traumatic stress reactions after child burn injury, while in the same model addressing the role of parents' own symptoms in their reports of child symptoms. METHODS: One-hundred children (8-18 years old), and their mothers (n=90) and fathers (n=74) were assessed within the first month (T1) and three months (T2) after burn. Parents and children rated child traumatic stress reactions on the Children's Responses to Trauma Inventory (CRTI) and parents rated their own reactions on the Impact of Event Scale (IES)...
April 12, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602716/a-review-of-campfire-burns-in-children-the-qld-experience
#3
O Okon, L Zhu, R M Kimble, K A Stockton
INTRODUCTION: Campfire burns in children are a significant health issue. It is imperative that the extent of the problem is examined and strategies discussed to inform future prevention campaigns. METHOD: A retrospective review of data from the Queensland Paediatric Burns Registry for all children presenting with campfire burns between January 2013 and December 2014 (inclusive). Information collected included patient demographics, detail regarding mechanism of injury, first aid, Total Body Surface Area (TBSA), burn depth, and treatment...
March 27, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600564/statistical-analysis-of-factors-affecting-re-operative-times-in-paediatric-patients-with-scar-deformity-after-deep-second-degree-burn-injury
#4
Baoguo Chen, Xiaotong Yue, Ruijuan Zhang, Huifeng Song
Deep second-degree burn injuries pose a challenge for treating scar deformity in developing paediatric patients. Some patients underwent several re-operations during their development. There was no literature reporting which factors affect re-operative times. In this article, we intend to analyse possible influential factors that are responsible for re-operative times in paediatric patients with scar deformity after deep second-degree burn injuries. From 2010 to 2016, 177 paediatric cases with a history of deep second-degree burn injury who underwent re-operation once, twice, and equal to or more than thrice were recruited to this study, with age ranging from 0 to 18 years...
March 30, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581998/long-term-effect-of-critical-illness-after-severe-paediatric-burn-injury-on-cardiac-function-in-adolescent-survivors-an-observational-study
#5
Gabriel Hundeshagen, David N Herndon, Robert P Clayton, Paul Wurzer, Alexis McQuitty, Kristofer Jennings, Ludwik Branski, Vanessa N Collins, Nicole Ribeiro Marques, Celeste C Finnerty, Oscar E Suman, Michael P Kinsky
Background: Sepsis, trauma, and burn injury acutely depress systolic and diastolic cardiac function; data on long-term cardiac sequelae of pediatric critical illness are sparse. This study evaluated long-term systolic and diastolic function, myocardial fibrosis, and exercise tolerance in survivors of severe pediatric burn injury. Methods: Subjects at least 5 years after severe burn (post-burn:PB) and age-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent echocardiography to quantify systolic function (ejection fraction[EF%]), diastolic function (E/e'), and myocardial fibrosis (calibrated integrated backscatter) of the left ventricle...
December 2017: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575882/evaluation-of-the-frequency-of-childhood-hospitalization-due-to-thermal-injuries-in-the-provincial-polyclinical-hospital-in-toru%C3%A5-poland-2007-2011
#6
Ewa Barczykowska, Małgorzata Cyran, Aneta Zreda-Pikies, Małgorzata Kowalczyk, Robert Ślusarz, Andrzej Kurylak
INTRODUCTION: Burns constitute the most common and severe injuries suffered in childhood. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at providing a retrospective analysis of the etiology, location, extent and depth of burns, as well as treatment methods and length of hospital stay. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 508 cases of children treated due to a thermal injury between 1 January 2007 31 December 2011 was conducted at the Department of Paediatrics, Urology and Paediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital, L...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564197/conservative-management-of-acalculous-cholecystitis-in-a-seven-year-old-child
#7
Jessica Y Ng, Jennie Gu
Acute acalculous cholecystitis is an uncommon disease in children and is usually associated with trauma, burns, and infections. Whereas acute acalculous cholecystitis is only seen in 10% of cholecystitis in adults, it is uncommon in the paediatric population. A seven-year-old male presented to the emergency department of a regional hospital with a 36-hour history of right-upper-quadrant abdominal pain. He had associated symptoms of anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. He was septic with raised white cell count and inflammatory markers...
January 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534191/immunoproteasome-in-the-plasma-of-paediatric-patients-with-moderate-and-major-burns-and-its-correlation-with-proteasome-and-uchl1-measured-by-spr-imaging-biosensors
#8
Ewa Matuszczak, Artur Weremijewicz, Marta Komarowska, Anna Sankiewicz, Diana Markowska, Wojciech Debek, Ewa Gorodkiewicz, Robert Milewski, Adam Hermanowicz
THE AIM: to determinate the immunoproteasome concentration in blood plasma of paediatric patients with moderate and major burns, and its correlation with circulating proteasome and UCHL1 with SPRI biosensor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population comprised 30 patients with moderate (n=21), and severe burns (n=9), aged 9 months to 14 years. The control group represented 18 healthy, age matched patients, admitted for herniotomy. Exclusion criteria were: admission to the hospital later than 6 hours after burn, cardiovascular or immunological diseases, and severe preexisting infections...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395405/matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-its-correlation-with-basal-membrane-components-laminin-5-and-collagen-type-iv-in-paediatric-burn-patients-measured-with-surface-plasmon-resonance-imaging-spri-biosensors
#9
Artur Weremijewicz, Ewa Matuszczak, Anna Sankiewicz, Marzena Tylicka, Marta Komarowska, Anna Tokarzewicz, Wojciech Debek, Ewa Gorodkiewicz, Adam Hermanowicz
The purpose of this study was the determination of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and its correlation with basal membrane components laminin-5 and collagen type IV in the blood plasma of burn patients measured with Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRI) biosensors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 31 children scalded by hot water who were managed at the Department of Paediatric Surgery between 2014-2015, after primarily presenting with burns in 4-20% TBSA were included into the study (age 9 months up to 14 years, mean age 2,5+1 years)...
January 30, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395403/the-value-of-whatsapp-communication-in-paediatric-burn-care
#10
R Martinez, A D Rogers, A Numanoglu, H Rode
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is increasingly applied in developed settings to facilitate transfer of information to and from burn surgeons across vast geographic areas. WhatsApp is a widely available and extremely user-friendly encrypted smartphone application that does not require the expensive physical and personnel infrastructure that characterizes many of these telemedicine systems. The aim of this study was to review the use of WhatsApp to facilitate paediatric burn injury consultations to a regional burn centre in a developing country, where burn care continues to be thwarted by administrative apathy, poor resource allocation and lack of attention to medical and nursing education at all levels...
January 27, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297087/biobrane-dressing-for-paediatric-burns-in-singapore-a-retrospective-review
#11
Cong Fan, Chong Han Pek, Yong Chen Por, Gale Jue Shuang Lim
INTRODUCTION: The ideal burn dressing for children should aim to alleviate pain, decrease length of hospital stay and minimise complications, such as conversion and infection. The current literature is still inconclusive with regard to the gold standard burn dressing for the paediatric population. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed children with superficial partial thickness burns admitted to our paediatric burn unit from January 2014 to April 2015. A total of 30 patients were included in our study, of which 13 had Biobrane dressing...
January 3, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282513/international-study-of-the-epidemiology-of-paediatric-trauma-papsa-research-study
#12
Catherine J Bradshaw, Ashwath S Bandi, Zahid Muktar, Muhammad A Hasan, Tanvir K Chowdhury, Tahmina Banu, Mesay Hailemariam, Florence Ngu, David Croaker, Rouma Bankolé, Tunde Sholadoye, Oluwole Olaomi, Emmanuel Ameh, Antonio Di Cesare, Ernesto Leva, Yona Ringo, Lukman Abdur-Rahman, Ramy Salama, Essam Elhalaby, Helen Perera, Christopher Parsons, Stewart Cleeve, Alp Numanoglu, Sebastian Van As, Shilpa Sharma, Kokila Lakhoo
OBJECTIVES: Trauma is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The literature on paediatric trauma epidemiology in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is limited. This study aims to gather epidemiological data on paediatric trauma. METHODS: This is a multicentre prospective cohort study of paediatric trauma admissions, over 1 month, from 15 paediatric surgery centres in 11 countries. Epidemiology, mechanism of injury, injuries sustained, management, morbidity and mortality data were recorded...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237400/accuracy-of-acute-burns-diagnosis-made-using-smartphones-and-tablets-a-questionnaire-based-study-among-medical-experts
#13
Lisa Blom, Constance Boissin, Nikki Allorto, Lee Wallis, Marie Hasselberg, Lucie Laflamme
BACKGROUND: Remote assistance for burns by medical experts can support nurses and general physicians in emergency care with diagnostic and management advice. Previous studies indicate a high diagnostic accuracy based on images viewed on a computer screen, but whether image-based analysis by experts using handheld devices is accurate remains to be determined. METHOD: A review of patient data from eight emergency centres in the Western Cape, South Africa, revealed 10 typical cases of burns commonly seen in children and adults...
December 13, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201634/innovative-chest-physiotherapy-techniques-the-metaneb-%C3%A2-system-in-the-intubated-child-with-extensive-burns
#14
Alexandra Ferguson, Sarah Wright
Introduction: The Metaneb® is a new generation Intrapulmonary Percussive Ventilation device utilised by the physiotherapist to assist airway clearance by providing calibrated oscillations during inspiration up to 3.8Hz. Predominantly used in the adult chronic respiratory patient, with anecdotal evidence in intubated patients, it was also proven to be safe in a paediatric lung model lab study. This case report outlines the first use of the Metaneb® with an intubated child in Australia...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152331/cost-effectiveness-of-massively-parallel-sequencing-for-diagnosis-of-paediatric-muscle-diseases
#15
Deborah Schofield, Khurshid Alam, Lyndal Douglas, Rupendra Shrestha, Daniel G MacArthur, Mark Davis, Nigel G Laing, Nigel F Clarke, Joshua Burns, Sandra T Cooper, Kathryn N North, Sarah A Sandaradura, Gina L O'Grady
Childhood-onset muscle disorders are genetically heterogeneous. Diagnostic workup has traditionally included muscle biopsy, protein-based studies of muscle specimens, and candidate gene sequencing. High throughput or massively parallel sequencing is transforming the approach to diagnosis of rare diseases; however, evidence for cost-effectiveness is lacking. Patients presenting with suspected congenital muscular dystrophy or nemaline myopathy were ascertained over a 15-year period. Patients were investigated using traditional diagnostic approaches...
2017: NPJ Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136168/a-prospective-study-of-the-incidence-of-juvenile-onset-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-after-implementation-of-a-national-hpv-vaccination-program
#16
Daniel Novakovic, Alan T L Cheng, Yvonne Zurynski, Robert Booy, Paul J Walker, Robert Berkowitz, Henley Harrison, Robert Black, Christopher Perry, Shyan Vijayasekaran, David Wabnitz, Hannah Burns, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Suzanne M Garland, Elizabeth Elliott, Julia M L Brotherton
Background: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is a rare but morbid disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. Infection is preventable through HPV vaccination. Following an extensive quadrivalent HPV vaccination program (females 12-26 years in 2007-2009) in Australia, we established a method to monitor incidence and demographics of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) cases. Methods: The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit undertakes surveillance of rare pediatric diseases by contacting practitioners monthly...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119061/emla-anaesthetic-cream-for-debridement-of-burns-a-study-of-plasma-concentrations-of-lidocaine-and-prilocaine-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
Stefan Lillieborg, Leif Aanderud
The lidocaine-prilocaine cream (EMLATM ) effectively reduces the pain from debridement of chronic leg ulcers. Studies have demonstrated that when applied to leg ulcers, plasma concentrations of the local anaesthetics are well below the threshold for CNS toxicity. However, there are minimal pharmacokinetic data available from EMLA application to burn wounds. This study evaluated EMLA cream for debridement of burns with regard to plasma concentrations of lidocaine and prilocaine, and reviewed the published literature on safety and efficacy of lidocaine-prilocaine applied epicutaneously to burns...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067985/point-prevalence-risk-factor-assessment-for-hospital-acquired-infections-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pune-india
#18
Velu Nair, A K Sahni, Dinesh Sharma, Naveen Grover, S Shankar, A Chakravarty, Seema Patrikar, Kailas Methe, S S Jaiswal, S S Dalal, Anupam Kapur, Rajesh Verma, Jyoti Prakash, Ashutosh Gupta, Anvita Bhansali, Deepak Batura, G Gopal Rao, D P Joshi, B K Chopra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a major challenge to patient safety and have serious public health implications by changing the quality of life of patients and sometimes causing disability or even death. The true burden of HAI remains unknown, particularly in developing countries. The objective of this study was to estimate point prevalence of HAI and study the associated risk factors in a tertiary care hospital in Pune, India. METHODS: A series of four cross-sectional point prevalence surveys were carried out between March and August 2014...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034127/socio-demographic-factors-which-significantly-relate-to-the-prediction-of-burns-severity-in-children
#19
Khalid Alnababtah, Salim Khan
BACKGROUND: Burns are considered one of the biggest wounds and the most devastating injuries humans can receive as they have prolonged consequences which are not only physical, but psychological in addition to the cost of treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between socio-demographic factors (SDF) and the incidence and mechanisms of burn injuries in children. The objectives were to identify the multiple and various factors responsible for the occurrence of significant burns in children; to explore and investigate the relationship between these factors; to critically analyse SDF on the incidence and mechanisms of burns and to develop a contextual model with a view to informing future health care policy and health promotion programmes...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031889/outcomes-important-to-burns-patients-during-scar-management-and-how-they-compare-to-the-concepts-captured-in-burn-specific-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#20
Laura L Jones, Melanie Calvert, Naiem Moiemen, Jonathan J Deeks, Jonathan Bishop, Philip Kinghorn, Jonathan Mathers
BACKGROUND: Pressure garment therapy (PGT) is an established treatment for the prevention and treatment of hypertrophic scarring; however, there is limited evidence for its effectiveness. Burn survivors often experience multiple issues many of which are not adequately captured in current PGT trial measures. To assess the effectiveness of PGT it is important to understand what outcomes matter to patients and to consider whether patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) can be used to ascertain the effect of treatments on patients' health-related quality of life...
December 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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