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Kids inpatient database

Stephanie Elyse Ambrose, Julina Ongkasuwan, Kavita Dedhia, Gillian Ruth Diercks, Samantha Anne, Subhadra Shashidharan, Nikhila Raol
Importance: Vocal fold motion impairment (VFMI) is a known risk factor following congenital heart surgery (CHS). The impact of this diagnosis on utilization and outcomes is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the cost, postprocedure length of stay (PPLOS), and outcomes for neonates with VFMI after CHS. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional analysis of the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) of neonates who underwent CHS was carried out...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Balagangadhar R Totapally, Ashish H Shah, Toba Niazi
OBJECTIVE: Posterior fossa tumor surgery in children poses a significant morbidity and mortality. Large multi-institutional datasets characterizing the epidemiology and morbidity of children undergoing posterior fossa tumor surgery are lacking. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology and short term surgical outcomes of children presenting with cerebellar tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the Kids Inpatient Database (KID) for all hospital discharges in 2012 with a diagnosis of cerebellar tumor (ICD-9 diagnosis code 191...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Joshua Horton, Carlyn Atwood, Sharon Gnagi, Ronald Teufel, Clarice Clemmens
The objective of this study was to determine temporal trends of dysphagia diagnoses in hospitalized children. This is a retrospective observational study from the 1997-2012 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) conducted in the setting of weighted hospitalizations in a KID participating center. More than 6 million pediatric admissions were captured in each triennial KID report. Main outcomes included triennial rates of dysphagia diagnosis in hospitalized pediatric patients, and secondary outcomes included rates of dysphagia in premature and low-birthweight infants...
February 20, 2018: Dysphagia
William T Davis, Shawn R Gilbert
BACKGROUND: The incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pediatric osteomyelitis has risen and been associated with a more severe clinical course than methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infections. National databases have been underutilized to describe these trends. We compared demographics, clinical course, and outcomes for patients with MRSA versus MSSA osteomyelitis. METHODS: We queried the 2009 and 2012 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids Inpatient Database for discharge records with diagnosis codes for osteomyelitis and S...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Katherine J Baxter, Bonnie F Gale, Curtis D Travers, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons in 2015 instituted the Children's Surgery Verification (CSV) program delineating requirements for hospitals providing pediatric surgical care. Our purpose was to examine possible effects of the CSV program by evaluating neonates undergoing high-risk operations. STUDY DESIGN: Using the Kid's Inpatient Database 2009, we identified infants undergoing surgery for five high risk neonatal conditions. We considered all children's hospitals and children's units Level I centers and considered all others Level II/III...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Joseph Piatt, Nicholas Imperato
OBJECTIVE There has been no successful study of trends in population-based incidences of pediatric spinal injury in the United States. The goal of the current study was to develop robust data to correct this deficiency in contemporary trauma epidemiology. METHODS Discharges coded for spinal injury were extracted from the Kids' Inpatient Database for 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 for patients younger than 18 years. Childhood was defined as ages 0 through 14 years and adolescence as ages 15, 16, and 17 years...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Kavelin Rumalla, Vijay Letchuman, Kyle A Smith, Paul M Arnold
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a life-threatening sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with poorly defined epidemiology in children. Here, we report the national incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH). METHODS: The Kids Inpatient Database (2003, 2006, 2009, 2012) was queried using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes to identify all patients (age 0 to 20) with TBI (850...
December 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
Amanda J Nickel, Susan E Puumala, Anupam B Kharbanda
Our aim was to assess the odds of hospitalization for a vaccine-preventable, infectious disease (VP-ID) in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children compared to other racial and ethnic groups using the 2012 Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) The KID is a nationally representative sample, which allows for evaluation of VP-ID in a non-federal, non-Indian Health Service setting. In a cross-sectional analysis, we evaluated the association of race/ethnicity and a composite outcome of hospitalization due to vaccine-preventable infection using multivariate logistic regression...
February 8, 2018: Vaccine
Scott B Rosenfeld, Katherine Schroeder, Sylvia I Watkins-Castillo
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal conditions are among the most common and costly conditions suffered by Americans. In 2011, there was an estimated $213 billion in annual cost of direct treatment for and lost wages due to musculoskeletal disease in the United States. Data on economic burden, however, comes mostly from the adult population, with significantly less information regarding the burden of these conditions in young patients available. The purpose of this report is to provide data on the economic burden of musculoskeletal diseases in children and adolescents in the United States...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Jonathan C Simmonds, Anju K Patel, Nicholas S Mader, Andrew R Scott
OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency of partial glossectomy performed for the indication of macroglossia in children within the United States, assessing for differences in rates of intervention across various demographics. To identify potential morbidities associated with partial glossectomy in this population and determine how such factors may influence length of stay and cost of admission following tongue reduction surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study...
March 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Tony R Wang, Russell C Bailey, Howard P Goodkin, Kelly B Mahaney
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively examine nationwide trends in intracranial monitoring (ICM) for pediatric medically intractable epilepsy (MIE) from 2000 to 2012. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database was analyzed to identify admissions with ICD-9-CM codes corresponding to MIE and ICM from 2000 to 2012, inclusive. Associations between independent variables and outcomes were tested using χ2 test or Fisher exact test. A multivariate logistic regression analysis of variables associated with ICM was completed using stepwise selection...
January 31, 2018: Neurology
Zachary Rubin, Andrea Pappalardo, Alan Schwartz, James W Antoon
BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDDs) are rare yet life-threatening chronic conditions in children. The prevalence and outcomes of PIDDs in the pediatric population in the United States are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the epidemiology of children hospitalized with PIDD in the United States and (2) characterize the clinical outcomes of hospitalized children with PIDDs. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of the 2003-2012 Kids' Inpatient Database of children aged 2-18 years admitted with a primary or secondary diagnosis code of PIDD was performed...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Yusuke Okubo, Atsuhiko Handa
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the epidemiology of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) among children in the United States and other countries. However, recent trends in ITP among hospitalized children and hospital course remain unknown at a national level in the United States. METHOD: Hospital discharge records of patients with ITP aged 19 years and younger were obtained for the years 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 using the Kids' Inpatient Database. Data were weighted to estimate the annual hospitalization rates in the United States with trend analyses...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Neill Y Li, William J Bruce, Cara Joyce, Norman M Decker, Teresa Cappello
BACKGROUND: As childhood obesity remains an ongoing issue for the United States there has been an increasing number of studies detailing its effect on fracture complexity, management, and outcomes. This study utilizes a national database to examine whether obese children with supracondylar humerus fractures are more likely to require open reduction and internal fixation than nonobese children. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kid's Inpatient Database of 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012 were queried for pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures [International Classification of Disease (ICD-9), 812...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
James W Antoon, Jennifer L Goldman, Brian Lee, Alan Schwartz
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening cutaneous reactions, typically to drugs or infection. The incidence and outcomes of these conditions in children are unknown. The objective of this study was to report the overall burden of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis in children in the United States. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of children and adolescents younger than 18 years of age using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database...
January 9, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
Audrey L Stokes, Afif N Kulaylat, Dorothy V Rocourt, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Walter Koltun, Tolulope Falaiye
BACKGROUND: Pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) is increasing in incidence globally. Trends in specific types of inpatient pediatric CD-related surgical procedures have not been widely reported. METHODS: Patients ≤20 years of age with CD were identified in the Kids' Inpatient Database for 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012. Bowel resection, stoma creation, and perianal or percutaneous drainage procedures were identified using ICD-9 procedure codes, and trends were identified...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Mana Espahbodi, Ke Yan, Robert H Chun, Michael E McCormick
INTRODUCTION: The primary management of infantile hemangioma (IH) has changed since 2008, with the initiation of propranolol. The change that propranolol has affected on resource utilization is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) in 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 was queried for ICD-9 codes for IH in children under age three. The number of patients undergoing the following procedures of interest: tracheostomy, tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy, and excision of skin lesion were evaluated...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Emma C Hamilton, Charles C Miller, Charles S Cox, Kevin P Lally, Mary T Austin
BACKGROUND: State-level Child Access Prevention (CAP) laws impose criminal liability on adults who negligently allow children access to firearms. CAP laws can be further divided into strong CAP laws which impose criminal liability for negligently stored firearms and weak CAP laws that prohibit adults from intentionally, knowingly, and/or recklessly providing firearms to a minor.We hypothesized that strong CAP laws would be associated with a greater reduction in pediatric firearm injuries than weak CAP laws...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Adrian A Ong, Carlyn M Atwood, Shaun A Nguyen, Ronald J Teufel, Chitra Lal, Angela C LaRosa, David R White
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To analyze the trend of sleep surgeries in pediatric patients with Down syndrome (DS) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and to compare this to nonsyndromic (NS) children with OSA. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort database analysis. METHODS: Analysis of the 1997 to 2012 editions of the Kid's Inpatient Database was conducted. Using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes, all patients with OSA were identified, and subsequently, subgroups of NS children and children with DS were identified...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
Heather L Short, Samir Sarda, Curtis Travers, Jason M Hockenberry, Ian McCarthy, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: Though growth in children's surgical expenditures has been documented, procedure-specific differences in volume and costs at children's hospitals (CH) and non-hildren's hospitals (NCH) have not been explored. Our purpose was to compare trends in volume and costs of common pediatric surgical procedures between CH and NCH. METHODS: We performed a review of the 2000-2009 Kids' Inpatient Database identifying all cases of appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis (AP), tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (TA), fundoplication (FP), humeral fracture repair (HFR), pyloromyotomy (PYL), and cholecystectomy (CHOLE)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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