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fibroblast breast cancer TGFbeta

Anita L Bane, Dushanthi Pinnaduwage, Sarah Colby, Michael Reedijk, Sean E Egan, Shelley B Bull, Frances P O'Malley, Irene L Andrulis
BACKGROUND: BRCA1- and BRCA2-associated tumors appear to have distinct molecular signatures. BRCA1-associated tumors are predominantly basal-like cancers, whereas BRCA2-associated tumors have a predominant luminal-like phenotype. These two molecular signatures reflect in part the two cell types found in the terminal duct lobular unit of the breast. To elucidate novel genes involved in these two spectra of breast tumorigenesis we performed global gene expression analysis on breast tumors from germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers...
September 2009: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Patrick Corsino, Bradley Davis, Mary Law, Anna Chytil, Elizabeth Forrester, Peter Nørgaard, Nicole Teoh, Brian Law
Cyclin D1/cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) complexes are present at high frequency in human breast cancer cell lines, but the significance of this observation is unknown. This report shows that expression of a cyclin D1-Cdk2 fusion protein under the control of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter results in mammary gland hyperplasia and fibrosis, and mammary tumors. Cell lines isolated from MMTV-cyclin D1-Cdk2 (MMTV-D1K2) tumors exhibit Rb and p130 hyperphosphorylation and up-regulation of the protein products of E2F-dependent genes...
April 1, 2007: Cancer Research
Bernard Têtu, Dominique Trudel, Chang Shu Wang
Cancer-associated or reactive stromal cells are composed of endothelial and inflammatory cells as well as of spindle cells such as fibroblasts and myofibroblasts. In addition to participating to the tumor tissue frame, these cells contribute actively to tumor nutrition and progression through neo-angiogenesis and production of a variety of molecules including numerous proteases, of which a number (MMP14, MMP11, FAP and uPA) are almost exclusively produced by reactive stromal cells. Cancer cells interact with reactive stromal cells which involves a large number of proteases...
September 2006: Bulletin du Cancer
M Lombaerts, T van Wezel, K Philippo, J W F Dierssen, R M E Zimmerman, J Oosting, R van Eijk, P H Eilers, B van de Water, C J Cornelisse, A-M Cleton-Jansen
Using genome-wide expression profiling of a panel of 27 human mammary cell lines with different mechanisms of E-cadherin inactivation, we evaluated the relationship between E-cadherin status and gene expression levels. Expression profiles of cell lines with E-cadherin (CDH1) promoter methylation were significantly different from those with CDH1 expression or, surprisingly, those with CDH1 truncating mutations. Furthermore, we found no significant differentially expressed genes between cell lines with wild-type and mutated CDH1...
March 13, 2006: British Journal of Cancer
J S de Jong, P J van Diest, P van der Valk, J P Baak
PURPOSE: To assess the relation between growth factors, growth-factor receptors, p53, bcl-2 and bax expression, and the rate of apoptosis in invasive breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumors from 45 patients were assessed by immunohistochemistry for expression patterns of five growth factors and their receptors; platelet-derived growth factor A chain (PDGF-AA) and PDGF-receptor alpha (PDGFalphaR), PDGF-BB and PDGFbetaR, transforming growth-factor alpha (TGFalpha) and its receptor-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular-endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors vascular-endothelial growth factor receptor I (FLT-1) and vascular-endothelial growth factor receptor II (FLK-1/KDR), two growth-inhibiting factors; transforming-growth factor beta I (TGFbeta1) and TGFbeta2 and their receptor couple TGFbeta receptor I (TGFbetaR-I) and TGFbetaR-II, and basic-fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)...
April 2001: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
C Malet, F Fibleuil, C Mestayer, I Mowszowicz, F Kuttenn
We have previously shown that estradiol (E2) increases the growth of normal human breast epithelial (HBE) cells and the antiestrogen 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT) inhibits estrogen-induced proliferation. These effects of estrogens and antiestrogens on proliferation have also been well documented in breast cancer cells. One mechanism for the antiproliferative effects of antiestrogens is the stimulation of TGFbeta in hormone-dependent MCF-7 and T47D cells. The role of this inhibitory growth factor in normal human breast cells has not been well studied...
March 28, 2001: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
A M Delany, E Canalis
Bone matrix serves as a reservoir of growth factors important in growth and tissue remodeling, and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is abundant in bone matrix. Normal processes, such as remodeling, and pathological processes, such as osteolytic metastasis, cause the release of growth factors from the matrix, allowing them to influence the behavior of cells within their microenvironment. Breast cancer metastases frequently establish themselves in the bone compartment, often causing localized osteolysis...
April 2001: Endocrinology
D S Saloman, C Bianco, A D Ebert, N I Khan, M De Santis, N Normanno, C Wechselberger, M Seno, K Williams, M Sanicola, S Foley, W J Gullick, G Persico
The EGF-CFC gene family encodes a group of structurally related proteins that serve as important competence factors during early embryogenesis in Xenopus, zebrafish, mice and humans. This multigene family consists of Xenopus FRL-1, zebrafish one-eyed-pinhead (oep), mouse cripto (Cr-1) and cryptic, and human cripto (CR-1) and criptin. FRL-1, oep and mouse cripto are essential for the formation of mesoderm and endoderm and for correct establishment of the anterior/posterior axis. In addition, oep and cryptic are important for the establishment of left-right (L/R) asymmetry...
December 2000: Endocrine-related Cancer
V Lambrecht, X Le Bourhis, R A Toillon, B Boilly, H Hondermarck
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) are involved in the regulation of cellular proliferation, differentiation, and migration. We have studied the effect of three inhibitors of proliferation on 35S incorporation into HSPG of the breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 and the normal breast epithelial cells (NBEC). Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFbeta-1), which inhibits the proliferation of NBEC, but not of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, cells induced an increase in 35S incorporation of HSPG in NBEC, but had no effect on cancer cells...
December 15, 1998: Experimental Cell Research
N Harada, S Honda
Aromatase mRNA in non-malignant breast tissues was mainly transcribed form skin fibroblast/fetal liver-specific exon 1 (exon 1b) of the aromatase gene. However, in half the cases of breast cancers, switching of the alternative exons 1 from exon 1b to ovary-specific exon 1 (exon 1c) was observed, and expression levels of aromatase mRNA in breast cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in the distal regions to tumors or in non-malignant breast tissues. Co-culture or addition of the conditioned medium of breast cancer cells, MCF-7 caused increase of aromatase mRNA in cultured adipose stromal cells from breast tissues together with switching from exon 1b to exon 1c...
1998: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
N Harada
The expression of aromatase is tissue-specifically regulated through the alternative use of multiple exons 1 and promoters. We analysed expression levels of aromatase mRNA, preferential utilization of multiple exon 1 of the human aromatase gene, and transcriptional regulation of their multiple promoters in breast cancer tissues by newly developed fluorometric methods. The expression levels of aromatase mRNA in breast cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in regions distal to tumours or in non-malignant breast tissues...
April 1997: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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