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Endometrium cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317550/fertility-sparing-treatment-of-endometrial-cancer-with-initial-infiltration-of-myometrium-by-resectoscopic-surgery-a-pilot-study
#1
Paolo Casadio, Francesca Guasina, Roberto Paradisi, Concetta Leggieri, Giacomo Caprara, Renato Seracchioli
Three women with a well-differentiated grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the endometrium with minimal myometrial infiltration were treated with hysteroscopic resection and hormone therapy. The presence of myometrial infiltration has often been mentioned as an exclusion criterion for conservative management in young patients because of worsening cancer prognosis. The subsequent 5-year follow-up and the pregnancies achieved may confirm the choice of this temporary treatment and indicate a new option for fertility-sparing treatment in highly motivated patients...
January 9, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317075/the-origin-of-endometriosis-associated-ovarian-cancer-from-uterine-neoplastic-lesions
#2
Elisabetta Garavaglia, Cristina Sigismondi, Stefano Ferrari, Massimo Candiani
Endometriosis is a risk factor for type I epithelial ovarian cancer but an issue to be clarified is the site of origin of endometriosis associated ovarian cancer. Here we proposed that the uterus may be the organ of origin of ovarian endometrioid cancer associated with endometriosis. Thus, the first neoplastic transformation would characterize the uterine cells migrating in the pelvis via retrograde menstruation and they would implant secondarily on the ovary. Supporting this hypothesis, an higher incidence of synchronous precancerous and cancerous endometrial pathology in patients affected by ovarian endometrioid cancer associated with endometriosis was showed...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312627/a-proteomic-approach-for-the-identification-of-biomarkers-in-endometrial-cancer-uterine-aspirate
#3
Blendi Ura, Lorenzo Monasta, Giorgio Arrigoni, Cinzia Franchin, Oriano Radillo, Isabel Peterlunger, Giuseppe Ricci, Federica Scrimin
Endometrial cancer arises from the endometrium. It has a slow progression and a reported survival rate of 75%. The identification of soluble biomarkers in the uterine aspirate may be very useful for its early diagnosis. Uterine aspirates from 10 patients with endometrial cancer and 6 non-endometrial cancer controls were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry and western blotting for data verification. A total of 25 proteins with fold change in %V ≥2 or ≤0.5 in intensity were observed to change significantly (P<0...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306233/vanishing-endometrial-carcinoma-in-hysterectomy-specimens-probable-implications-for-fertility-sparing-management
#4
Murat Öz, Alper Karalök, Levent Şirvan, Tolga Taşçı, Reyhan Öcalan, Ahmet Taner Turan, Tayfun Güngör, Mehmet Mutlu Meydanlı
Background/aim: The vanishing cancer phenomenon was first reported in radical prostatectomy specimens in the absence of neo-adjuvant treatment. Reported cases are mostly well-differentiated and low-volume tumors. A similar entity was described for hysterectomy specimens of patients with biopsy proven endometrial cancer (EC). In this study, we discuss the probable reasons for vanishing EC and long-term follow-up results of EC patients without residual tumors in hysterectomy specimens. Materials and methods: This study was carried at two institutions in Ankara, Turkey, in a retrospective design...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305254/pelvic-floor-functional-outcomes-after-total-abdominal-versus-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-for-endometrial-cancer
#5
Peta Higgs, Monika Janda, Rebecca Asher, Val Gebski, Peta Forder, Andreas Obermair
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor functioning is an important concern for women requiring a hysterectomy for endometrial cancer. The incidence of pelvic floor symptoms has not been reported in women who have undergone a hysterectomy for early-stage endometrial cancer. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pelvic floor function in women who have had surgical treatment for early stage endometrial cancer as part of the multinational Laparoscopic Approach to Cancer of the Endometrium (LACE) trial and to compare patients' outcomes who had total abdominal total versus total laparoscopic hysterectomy...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299121/klf15-promotes-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells-and-has-potential-as-a-cancer-prognostic-marker
#6
Lihua Gao, Hongmei Qiu, Jian Liu, Yuzhen Ma, Jia Feng, Li Qian, Jianguo Zhang, Yifei Liu, Tingting Bian
Lung adenocarcinoma (LADC)is a general form of non-small cell lung cancer that represents a significant threat to public health worldwide. The 5-year-survival rate for LADC is currently below 15%. The transcription factor KLF15, also called kidney-enriched KLF (KKLF), has been proven to play a role in inhibiting proliferation and diversification of carcinoma cells, including those of the endometrium, pancreas and breast, but the involvement of KLF15 in LADC has not previously been studied. In this study, we compared the in vitro expression of KLF15 in human LADC tissues and adjacent normal lung tissues...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284899/myometrium-invasion-tumour-size-and-lymphovascular-invasion-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-dissemination-of-pelvic-lymphatics-at-endometrial-carcinoma
#7
Nenad Lucic, Dragica Draganovic, Sanja Sibincic, Vesna Ecim-Zlojutro, Snjezana Milicevic
Objective: The aim of this work is to show the importance of the depth of myometrium invasion, tumour size and lymphovascular invasion as prognostic factors in dissemination of lymphatic nodes at endometrial carcinoma (CE). Materials and methods: In the period from 2010 to 2015 at the University Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics in Banja Luka, 221 endometrial cancer surgeries were done (laparatomy 184-83%, laparascopy 37-16,74%). Patients who had uterus bleeding in peri/postmenopause or those whose endometrium thickness was bigger than 5 mm which was established by ultrasound, or those who had in their cavum uteri pathological (PH) diagnosis, underwent fractional curettage (FC) or hysteroscopy in order to obtain pathohistological endometrium diagnosis...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279706/metachronous-and-synchronous-occurrence-of-5-primary-malignancies-in-a-female-patient-between-1997-and-2013-a-case-report-with-germline-and-somatic-genetic-analysis
#8
Jenny Nyqvist, Fredrik Persson, Toshima Z Parris, Khalil Helou, Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Zakaria Einbeigi, Åke Borg, Per Karlsson, Anikó Kovács
The number of patients with multiple primary malignancies has been increasing steadily in recent years. In the present study, we describe a unique case of an 81-year-old woman with 5 metachronous and synchronous primary malignant neoplasms. The patient was first diagnosed with an endometrium adenocarcinoma in 1997 and a colon adenocarcinoma in 2002. Eleven years after her colon surgery, in 2013, the patient presented with 3 other primary malignancies within a 4-month time span: an invasive malignant melanoma on the lower leg, an invasive mucinous breast carcinoma in the right breast, and a pleomorphic spindle cell sarcoma on the left upper arm...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274810/cip2a-is-overexpressed-in-human-endometrioid-adenocarcinoma-and-regulates-cell-proliferation-invasion-and-apoptosis
#9
Ning Yu, TingGuo Zhang, DaHua Zhao, Zhang Cao, Jing Du, Qian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) is a recently identified oncoprotein that stabilizes c-Myc and promotes cell proliferation and transformation. Here, we investigated the clinical significance and biological function of CIP2A in endometrial cancer. METHOD: CIP2A expression was assessed in normal endometrium, endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial atypical hyperplasia, and endometrioid adenocarcinoma tissues using immunohistochemistry, western blot, and RT-PCR...
November 15, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241443/characterization-of-molecular-changes-in-endometrium-associated-with-chronic-use-of-progesterone-receptor-modulators-ulipristal-acetate-versus-mifepristone
#10
Athilakshmi Kannan, Arpita Bhurke, Regine Sitruk-Ware, Parameswaran G Lalitkumar, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Alistair R W Williams, Robert N Taylor, Milan K Bagchi, Indrani C Bagchi
Ulipristal acetate (UPA) is a selective progesterone receptor modulator (PRM), which is used as an emergency contraceptive in women. Recent studies demonstrated the efficacy of an UPA contraceptive vaginal ring (UPA-CVR) as a blocker of ovulation. However, the endometrium of women exposed to UPA over a 6-month period display glandular changes, termed PRM-associated endometrial changes (PAECs). We, therefore, investigated whether UPA-induced PAECs are associated with altered expression of the transcription factor heart- and neural crest derivatives-expressed protein 2 (HAND2) whose downregulation is observed in endometrial epithelial hyperplasia and cancer...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238349/the-roles-of-glycodelin-in-cancer-development-and-progression
#11
REVIEW
Juan Cui, Yanguo Liu, Xiuwen Wang
Glycodelin is a kind of glycoprotein expressed in secretory endometrium, pregnancy deciduas, and amniotic fluid originally, which is vital for the maintenance of normal human reproductive activities. Recent researches have reported that glycodelin is specifically expressed in various malignancies, including female-specific cancers such as endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and breast cancer, and non-gender specific cancers including lung cancer, and colon cancer, and glycodelin expression correlates with the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer patients...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234950/the-evolution-of-endometrial-carcinoma-classification-through-application-of-immunohistochemistry-and-molecular-diagnostics-past-present-and-future
#12
REVIEW
Emily A Goebel, August Vidal, Xavier Matias-Guiu, C Blake Gilks
Uterine cancer was first subclassified based on anatomic site, separating those tumours arising from the endometrium from cervical cancers. There was then further subclassification of endometrial cancers based on cell type, and this correlated with the Type I and Type II categories identified through the epidemiological studies of Bokhman, with endometrioid carcinoma corresponding (approximately) to Type I and serous carcinoma to Type II. These histotypes are not clearly separable in practice, however, with considerable interobserver variability in histotype diagnosis, especially for high-grade tumours...
December 12, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227847/the-impact-of-histological-subtype-in-developing-both-ovarian-and-endometrial-cancer-a-longstanding-nationwide-incidence-study
#13
Catharina C van Niekerk, Jos A A M van Dijck, André L M Verbeek
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of ovarian cancer (OC) and endometrial cancer (EC) separately, as well as double cancers diagnosed in the same calendar year, and to relate the occurrences to histological subtype. STUDY DESIGN: All cases of epithelial OC and EC diagnosed in the Netherlands in 1989-2009 were related to population data. Histologically specific associations were made using the ratio of observed and expected incidence numbers, calculated with age-specific incidence rates...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223698/risk-factors-for-unsuccessful-office-based-endometrial-biopsy-a-comparative-study-of-office-based-endometrial-biopsy-pipelle-and-diagnostic-dilation-and-curettage-d-c
#14
Bingying Xie, Cuifeng Qian, Bingyi Yang, Chengcheng Ning, Xiaoying Yao, Yan Du, Yue Shi, Xuezhen Luo, Xiaojun Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for Pipelle diagnostic failure, which might help health care providers to choose the appropriate protocol for endometrial evaluation individually. DESIGN: A single-center prospective study (Canadian Task Force II) SETTING: The Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University PATIENTS: 466 patients with an indication for endometrial biopsy INTERVENTIONS: All patients received Pipelle and then diagnostic dilation and curettage (D&C)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219004/predictors-of-malignancy-in-endometrial-polyps-study-of-421-women-with-postmenopausal-bleeding
#15
A Ghoubara, S Sundar, A A A Ewies
OBJECTIVE: There is lack of consensus as whether benign-looking endometrial polyps should be removed in postmenopausal women. To help inform clinical practice, this study was conducted to quantify the prevalence and identify the predictors of hyperplasia and cancer in polyps. METHODS: The data of 2625 consecutive women attending a postmenopausal bleeding clinic were collected prospectively in a UK teaching hospital between January 2011 and December 2015. Of them, 421 (16%) women with hysteroscopically benign-looking endometrial polyps with normal background endometrium were included...
February 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216564/p27kip1-as-a-key-regulator-of-endometriosis
#16
REVIEW
G A Gonçalves
p27kip1 as a key regulator of endometriosis Gonçalves GA p27kip1 is a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor whose specific late G1 destruction allows progression of the cell across the G1/S boundary. There is a direct relationship between low level of p27 and rapid proliferation occurring in several benign states and in many malignances. In the glandular cells of the normal endometrium, the level of p27kip1 is exceedingly low during the proliferative phase, whereas it is markedly increased during the secretory phase...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210631/uterine-function-from-normal-to-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-alterations
#17
Silvana Rocio Ferreira, Alicia Beatriz Motta
BACKGROUND: The endometrium is one of the most important female reproductive organs. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and endocrine pathology that affect women of reproductive age. PCOS negatively affects the endometrium, leading to implantation failure and proliferative aberrations. METHODS: We conducted a search at the http://www.ncbi.nlm.nhi.gov/pubmed/electronic database using the following key words: endometrial steroid receptors, endometrium, uterine function, endometrium and PCOS, implantation window, implantation and PCOS, implantation markers, inflammation, oxidative stress...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204340/evaluation-of-coexistence-of-cancer-and-active-tuberculosis-16-case-series
#18
Beyhan Çakar, Aydın Çiledağ
Introduction: Tuberculosis is an important risk factor for cancer. Pulmonary TB and lung cancer(LC) may mimic each other especially in the aspect of the clinical and radiological features. The aim of the study was to evaluate the features and risk factors of cases with coexistence cancer and active TB. Methodology: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with coexisting TB and cancer a period from 2009 to 2014. We evaluated demographic data, the ways diagnosis of TB cases, the location of TB and cancer, TB treatment results of the cases...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197994/serum-lipids-and-risk-of-obesity-related-cancers-in-postmenopausal-women
#19
Geoffrey C Kabat, Mimi Y Kim, Rowan T Chlebowski, Mara Z Vitolins, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Thomas E Rohan
PURPOSE: Obesity, which is commonly accompanied by dyslipidemia, is associated with an increased risk of certain cancers. However, the association of serum lipids with specific obesity-related cancers is unclear. METHODS: We examined the association of baseline lipids (total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C], high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], and triglycerides) with risk of developing seven obesity-related cancers in a subcohort of 24,208 participants in the Women's Health Initiative...
December 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192643/multiple-primary-tumors
#20
M A Adeyanju, A A Ilori
Multiple primary tumors occur in clinical practice causing diagnostic dilemma. It is not very common, but the incidence has increased gradually since it was first described very many years ago. However, in spite of its increasing incidence, the presence of such primary malignancies in the breast and colon has been rare and far between, as against its presence in breast and lungs, both breasts, colon and stomach, two colonic sites, and endometrium and ovaries. It could be due to genetic disorders such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome in which case the affected individuals develop multiple cancers in childhood or early adulthood...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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