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Rosie A Grayburn, Mark G Dowsett, Pieter-Jan Sabbe, Didier Wermeille, Jorge Alves Anjos, Victoria Flexer, Michel De Keersmaecker, Dirk Wildermeersch, Annemie Adriaens
The objective of this work is to study the initial corrosion of copper in the presence of gold when placed in simulated uterine fluid in order to better understand the evolution of active components of copper-IUDs. In order to carry out this study, a portable cell was designed to partially simulate the uterine environment and provide a way of tracking the chemical changes occurring in the samples in situ within a controlled environment over a long period of time using synchrotron spectroelectrochemistry. The dynamically forming crystalline corrosion products are determined in situ for a range of copper-gold surface ratios over the course of a 10-day experiment in the cell...
August 2016: Bioelectrochemistry
Ramananda Ghosh Tarafdar, Sushmita Nath, Anupam Das Talukdar, Manabendra Dutta Choudhury
OBJECTIVES: Cicca acida L., is reported with traditional and pharmacological uses, and a good number of pure compounds have been isolated from its different parts. But published information is sporadic and fragmentary in nature. Therefore, it is imperative to have a comprehensive account of all of its medicinal potentialities with critical analysis. In this review, the traditional reports, phytochemical and pharmacology studies associated with Cicca acida have been compiled to figure out the net possibilities for its application in modern medicine...
February 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
M Dhont, V Verhaeghe
Hormonal contraception has recently drawn the attention of both national and international Health Organizations mainly because of new data on the risk of venous and arterial thrombosis. This has, fortunately, not led to a 'pill scare' as happened in 1996 when controversy arose with respect to the thrombotic risk of third versus second -generation pills. This time, evidence on the thrombotic risk of pills with the newer progestogens is gathering, -leading to a re-evaluation of guidelines. In this paper, we summarize this evidence and try to present a clinician's view of the indications and contraindications of hormonal contraception and situate them in the perspective of the numerous non-contraceptive health benefits of hormonal contraception...
2013: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
J J Michiels, W Moosdorff, H Maasland, J M Michiels, M U Lao, H A Neumann, P Dulicek, V Stvrtinova, J Barth, G Palareti
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has an annual incidence of 0.2% in the urban population. First episodes of calf vein thrombosis (CVT) and proximal DVT are frequently elicited by risk factors, including varicose veins, cancer, pregnancy/postpartum, oral contraceptives below the age of 50 years, immobility or surgery. Leg pain and tenderness in the calf and popliteal fossa on physical examination may result from other conditions than DVT labeled as alternative diagnosis (AD) Congenital venous thrombophilia is present in every third first DVT, increased FVIII in every fourth first DVT, and FV Leiden/FII mutation in 40% of women on oral anticonceptive pill before reaching the menopause...
February 2014: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
H Wirtz
LAM is one of the rare lung diseases. Approximately 200-400 female patients are to be expected in Germany. Only rare reports exist describing a male LAM patient. LAM exists in two forms: a spontaneous mosaic mutation (S-LAM) and a germ line mutation resulting in a combination of pulmonary and systemic symptoms called tuberous sclerosis (TSC-LAM). Although the influence of estrogen is not yet entirely recognized, pregnancy and estrogen containing anticonception will worsen the course of the disease. Ten year prognosis of the disease is well over 80% but variability is large...
October 2013: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Toshiro Kubota
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequent endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. In 2006 the Japanese Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) proposed new, revised diagnostic criteria that in the future could also be valued internationally. Based on the new diagnostic criteria, the JSOG has also proposed the revised treatment criteria in 2008. In PCOS obese patients desiring children, weight loss and exercise is recommended. Nonobese patients, or those obese women who do not ovulate after lifestyle changes, are submitted to ovulation-induction therapy with clomiphene citrate (CC)...
July 2013: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
Jaime Calvo-Alén, Cristina Mata, Elena Aurrecoechea
The use of treatments that increase the estrogenic levels has been usually deemed risky in lupus patients. Past studies about the utilization of oral contraceptive drugs and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have shown contradictory results. More recently, prospective studies about this issue suggest that either oral anticonceptive and HRT can be used in patients with stable disease without special risk for increments in clinical activity. Neither, it has been observed an association with the development of arterial or venous thrombosis...
September 2010: Reumatología Clinica
Montilva Mariela, Papale Jham, García-Casal María Nieves, Berné Yelitza, Ontiveros Yudith, Durán Lourdes
The objective of this transversal study was to determine folate and iron nutritional status of women in fertile age from Municipio Jiménez, Lara State, Venezuela. The sampling was probabilistic by conglomerates from the urban and rural areas, selecting 15 conglomerates from which women between 12 and 45 years (269), were studied. After signing informed consent, participating were interviewed for personal data, antecedents related to folate and iron, socioeconomic data (Graffar-Mendez Castellano method and unsatisfied basic needs)...
June 2010: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
Elaine Reis Brandão
This paper shows, from a social anthropological perspective, the challenges faced by young people in managing their sexual and affective lives, when it comes to preventing unexpected pregnancy. It aims to discuss some of the difficulties young people have when dealing with contraception along their sexual and affective lives and also to identify circumstances in which they tend not to use contraceptive methods. A qualitative research is presented, in which empirical data consists of 73 in-depth interviews with young people of both sex, with age ranging from 18 to 24, living in three state capitals in Brazil (Salvador, Rio de Janeiro, Porto Alegre), and inserted in two social segments (popular and intermediate), who went through at least one experience of teenage pregnancy...
July 2009: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
F Grønhøj Larsen, P Jakobsen, C Grønhøj Larsen, M Heidenheim, E Held, F Nielsen-Kudsk
BACKGROUND: Isotretinoin is effective in the treatment of severe acne and rosacea. Both parent drug and its main metabolite 4-oxo-isotretinoin are potentially teratogenic compounds and contain a carboxylic acid moiety. In the presence of ethanol, naturally occurring as well as synthetic retinoids also containing a carboxylic acid moiety are capable of undergoing an ethyl esterification with the metabolic formation of more lipophilic compounds with a much longer terminal half-life. OBJECTIVES: To determine if isotretinoin (13-cis-RA), its main metabolite 4-oxo-isotretinoin (4-oxo-13-cis-RA), and other possible metabolites in the presence or absence of ethanol are converted to their corresponding ethyl derivatives in patients with severe acne or rosacea after multiple isotretinoin dosing...
September 2009: British Journal of Dermatology
Chukwuka N Uchendu, Thomas Isek
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of modern (orthodox) medicine, many developing countries, especially in the rural areas, still rely heavily on traditional healers and medicinal plants to meet their primary health care needs and that of their domestic animals. This has been attributed to easy accessibility and low cost of herbal medicine. In Eastern Nigeria, fresh leaves of Spondias mombin is widely used by the natives to aid delivery and to expel the placenta in small ruminants (sheep and goats), especially during difficult labour...
September 2008: African Health Sciences
(no author information available yet)
The oil derived from the seed of the Ricinus communis plant and its primary constituent, Ricinoleic Acid, along with certain of its salts and esters function primarily as skin-conditioning agents, emulsion stabilizers, and surfactants in cosmetics, although other functions are described. Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil is the naming convention for castor oil used in cosmetics. It is produced by cold pressing the seeds and subsequent clarification of the oil by heat. Castor oil does not contain ricin because ricin does not partition into the oil...
2007: International Journal of Toxicology
A M Alvarez-Gómez, W D Cardona-Maya, J F Castro-Alvarez, Silvia Jiménez, A Cadavid
Currently there exists increasing preoccupation concerning sexual and reproductive health among teenagers; in spite of the availability of different contraceptive methods, the number of undesired pregnancies is steadily increasing. Among the products presently available for birth control, spermicides are a means that can be totally controlled by the woman and are very reliable compared to other contraceptives in common use. However, they cause irritation in the vaginal epithelium due to their tensoactive effect on cellular membranes which might enhance the risk of acquiring sexually transmissible diseases...
April 2007: Actas Urologicas Españolas
G Irico, H Escobar, B Marinelli
It has been seen an increase of the cervical cancer and of intraepithelial cancer in the last years. The most important risk factors for cervical cancer are sexual conduct, early of sexual relationships, number of partners, cigarettes, oral anticonceptive, pregnancy, immunosuppression, sexually transmitted illness. And an important role of the Human Papilloma Virus. The HPV has been classified in 3 groups; low risk, the most frequents are 11 and 6, middle risk, tipe 31, 33 and 35, and high risk, 16 and 18, that have frequent association with cervical cancer and with high grade intraepithelial lesions...
2005: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Alessandra de Rezende Ramos, Loeni Lüdke Falcão, Guilherme Salviano Barbosa, Lucilia Helena Marcellino, Eugen Silvano Gander
Witches' broom and pod rot are the two most devastating diseases of cocoa in South America and Africa, respectively. Their control by means of phytosanitation and chemical fungicides is labor-intensive, costly and, in many cases, environmentally undesirable. Therefore efforts are made in order to identify alternative, environmentally safe and cost-efficient methods for the control of these pathogens. Promising candidates are components of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica), that have been used for centuries in Asia as insecticides, fungicides, anticonceptionals in popular medicine...
2007: Microbiological Research
K Kramer, M Rebel, J Kozianka
OBJECTIVE: Review of the literature (Medline) based on a clinical case. CASE: A twenty one year old lady presented with a one day history of acute right sided lower abdominal pain associated with leucocytosis and the clinical signs of an acute abdomen. Sonography showed fluid coincident with cocardal formation in the right lower abdomen. Incidentally a cystic formation in projection to the caudal pancreas was seen. A CT scan confirmed a cystic mass, 5 cm in diameter...
June 2006: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Greet Mentens, Julien Lambert, Tamar Nijsten
BACKGROUND: Although the genetic influence on polymorphic light eruption (PLE) is well established, the role of lifestyle factors is less well defined. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted that included 74 PLE patients and 102 controls. Each participant was interviewed about demographic, disease and lifestyle characteristics such as smoking, alcohol consumption and use of medications. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
April 2006: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Jan Zaloudík
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2005: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
J C Vergara Cano, A López-Guerrero Almansa, F López López
OBJECTIVES: To establish the emergency contraception (EC) users profile and whether she perceives this type of contraception as an emergency. Design. Cross sectorial study (over one year period: March 2002-March 2003). SETTING: Emergency Services in Primary Care. Usera and Carabanchel; 11th Area; Madrid. PARTICIPANTS: Women requesting EC in these centres. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A questionary was filled out for all participants with their age, how many hours had spent since sexual intercourse took place (within 24 h), usual method of contraception used, previous use of EC, level of education, and reason for this request...
October 15, 2004: Atencion Primaria
Małgorzata Peregud-Pogorzelska, Andrzej Fabian, Andrzej Wojtarowicz, Jarosław Goracy, Krystyna Honczarenko, Zdzisława Kornacewicz-Jach
It is believed that there is an association between mitral valve prolapse, septal aneurysm and cerebral embolism. The real threat of cerebral stroke in patients with mitral valve prolapse or septal aneurysm is unknown. We present a case of a young woman with two previously described heart anomalies, who developed ischemic stroke during anticonception therapy.
March 2004: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
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