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Bioelectrical impedance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550439/baseline-anthropometric-and-metabolic-parameters-correlate-with-weight-loss-in-women-1-year-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#1
Sans Arnaud, Bailly Laurent, Anty Rodolphe, Sielezenef Igor, Gugenheim Jean, Tran Albert, Gual Philippe, Iannelli Antonio
BACKGROUND: In this study, we explored in a prospective cohort of morbidly obese women undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGP) correlations between baseline anthropometrics, metabolic parameters, resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition, and 1-year % excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL). We also investigated risk factors for insufficient %EBMIL. METHODS: One hundred three consecutive women were prospectively evaluated at baseline (age 40...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548972/assessment-of-adult-malnutrition-and-prognosis-with-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-phase-angle-and-impedance-ratio
#2
Henry C Lukaski, Ursula G Kyle, Jens Kondrup
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition affects prognosis in many groups of patients. Although screening tools are available to identify adults at risk for poor nutritional status, a need exists to improve the assessment of malnutrition by identifying the loss of functional tissues that can lead to frailty, compromised physical function, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality, particularly among hospitalized and ill patients and older adults. Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) offers a practical approach to identify malnutrition and prognosis by assessing whole-body cell membrane quality and depicting fluid distribution for an individual...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542531/new-diagnostic-index-for-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#3
Haruhito Harada, Hisashi Kai, Rei Shibata, Hiroshi Niiyama, Yasuhiro Nishiyama, Toyoaki Murohara, Noriko Yoshida, Atsushi Katoh, Hisao Ikeda
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is an aging and disease-related syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, with the risk of frailty and poor quality of life. Sarcopenia is diagnosed by a decrease in skeletal muscle index (SMI) and reduction of either handgrip strength or gait speed. However, measurement of SMI is difficult for general physicians because it requires special equipment for bioelectrical impedance assay or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542196/using-relative-handgrip-strength-to-identify-children-at-risk-of-sarcopenic-obesity
#4
Michal Steffl, Jan Chrudimsky, James J Tufano
Identifying children at risk of developing childhood sarcopenic obesity often requires specialized equipment and costly testing procedures, so cheaper and quicker methods would be advantageous, especially in field-based settings. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between the muscle-to-fat ratio (MFR) and relative handgrip strength, and to determine the ability of handgrip strength relative to body mass index (grip-to-BMI) to identify children who are at risk of developing sarcopenic obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539168/effectiveness-of-nutritional-supplementation-on-sarcopenia-and-recovery-in-hip-fracture-patients-a-multi-centre-randomized-trial
#5
Vincenzo Malafarina, Francisco Uriz-Otano, Concetta Malafarina, J Alfredo Martinez, M Angeles Zulet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Functional deterioration and reduced mobility in elderly patients with a hip fracture are associated with a loss of both muscle mass and function (sarcopenia). The aim of this study was to assess whether oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) improves muscle mass and nutritional markers (BMI, proteins) in elderly patients with hip fracture. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years and over with hip fractures admitted to either of two rehabilitation facilities were included...
July 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531785/the-relationship-between-malnutrition-risk-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-frail-older-hospital-patients
#6
Adrian Slee, Deborah Birch, David Stokoe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition has an adverse effect on clinical outcomes and frail older people may be at greater risk of malnutrition. The purpose and aims of this study was to investigate the relationship between markers of malnutrition risk and clinical outcomes in a cohort of frail older hospital patients. METHODS: 78 frail older hospital patients had the following measurements recorded; length of stay (LOS), time to medical fitness for discharge (TMFFD), body mass index (BMI), malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and mini-nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF) scores, blood urea, C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, CRP-albumin ratio; and bioelectrical impedance assessment (BIA) measurements (n = 66)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531774/clinical-assessment-underestimates-fat-mass-and-overestimates-resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-neuromuscular-diseases
#7
Salesa Barja, Regina Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems are frequent among patients with neuromuscular diseases, who consequently need an adequate evaluation. OBJECTIVE: to describe nutritional assessment and to estimate and measure body composition and energy requirement in children with neuromuscular diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed anthropometry, skinfold measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) for estimate and measure, respectively, fat mass (FM)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531773/impact-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-resting-energy-expenditure-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Carolina Q D Rodrigues, Jacqueline A P Santos, Beata M R Quinto, Mauro S M Marrocos, Andrei A Teixeira, Cássio J O Rodrigues, Marcelo C Batista
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Resting energy expenditure (REE) changes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may contribute to mortality increase. The obesity and inflammation is associated with high REE and when not compensated by adequate intake, may determine an unfavorable clinical outcome in this population. We aimed to evaluate the influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on REE in CKD patients. METHODS: One hundred eighty-three patients were stratified according to glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and divided in groups: without CKD (GFR > 60 ml/min/1...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531456/multi-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-bia-compared-to-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-for-estimation-of-fat-free-mass-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy
#9
Stine S Palle, Line T Møllehave, Zahra Taheri-Kadkhoda, Susanne Johansen, Lisbeth Larsen, Janne W Hansen, Nikolaj K G Jensen, Anette O Elingaard, Alice H Møller, Karen Larsen, Jens R Andersen
BACKGROUND: Changes in body composition in cancer patients during chemotherapy are associated with treatment related toxicities or mortalities. Thus, it is relevant to identify accessible, relatively inexpensive, portable and reliable tools for evaluation of body composition in cancer patients during the course of their treatments. OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between single cross-sectional thighs magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), skeletal muscle mass (SM) as reference and multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) fat free mass (FFM) in patients with colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521886/lean-body-mass-is-the-predominant-anthropometric-risk-factor-for-atrial%C3%A2-fibrillation
#10
Morten Fenger-Grøn, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Lars Frost
BACKGROUND: Obesity is repeatedly emphasized as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF). However, the underlying evidence may be questioned, as the obvious correlations between various anthropometric measures hamper identification of the characteristics that are biologically driving AF risk, and recent studies suggest that fat carries limited or no independent risk of AF. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess mutually adjusted associations among AF risk and height, weight, body mass index, hip and waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and bioelectrical impedance-derived measures of fat mass, lean body mass, and fat percentage...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513264/body-composition-analysis-by-using-bioelectrical-impedance-in-a-young-healthy-chinese-population-methodological-considerations
#11
Wei Chen, Hua Jiang, Jiong-Xian Yang, Hao Yang, Jing-Min Liu, Xiu-Yuan Zhen, Lian-Jun Feng, Jian-Chun Yu
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) model for analyzing body composition by using isotope dilution, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) as the reference methods in young healthy Chinese populations. METHODS: Thirty healthy participants were enrolled. Their body composition was analyzed using BIA and 3 reference methods. We established a model that uniformed data from 3 references methods (isotope, MRI, and DEXA) into 1 formula...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#12
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502112/sglt2-inhibitor-luseogliflozin-added-to-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-liraglutide-improves-glycemic-control-with-bodyweight-and-fat-mass-reductions-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-52-week-open-label-single-arm-study
#13
Yutaka Seino, Daisuke Yabe, Takashi Sasaki, Atsushi Fukatsu, Hisae Imazeki, Hidekazu Ochiai, Soichi Sakai
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of luseogliflozin added to liraglutide monotherapy in Japanese individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 52-week, multicenter, open-label, single-arm clinical study enrolled Japanese patients who had inadequate glycemic control with diet/exercise and liraglutide monotherapy. Major efficacy endpoints included the changes from baseline in HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and bodyweight...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493240/does-vitamin-d-status-correlate-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adults-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#14
Ivayla Uzunova, Georgi Kirilov, Sabina Zacharieva, Naydenka Zlatareva, Krasimir Kalinov
Apart from being individually associated with cardiometabolic health, 25(OH)D and IGF-1 interplay with a positive correlation between them, which raises questions about the role of vitamin D for the adverse cardiovascular (CV) risk profile in hyposomatotropism. Thus, we aimed to investigate vitamin D status in GH deficiency (GHD) and the association between 25(OH)D and metabolic syndrome (MetS), its components, and other surrogate markers of CV risk. A total of 129 GHD adults (childhood-onset GHD, 41.9%) underwent blood testing (glucose, insulin, lipid profile, uric acid); blood pressure, anthropometric and bioelectrical-impedance measurements...
May 10, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486337/hypertrophic-effects-of-concentric-versus-eccentric-muscle-actions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Brad J Schoenfeld, Dan Ogborn, Andrew D Vigotsky, Martino Franchi, James W Krieger
Controversy exists as to whether different dynamic muscle actions produce divergent hypertrophic responses. The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing the hypertrophic effects of concentric versus eccentric training in healthy adults following regimented resistance training (RT). Studies were deemed eligible for inclusion if they met the following criteria: 1) were an experimental trial published in an English-language refereed journal; 2) directly compared concentric and eccentric actions without the use of external implements (i...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485046/association-between-body-composition-parameters-and-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-older-japanese-adults
#16
Seongryu Bae, Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuntae Park, Sangyoon Lee, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Daisuke Yoshida, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Yuya Anan, Takao Suzuki
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between various body composition parameters and the risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older Japanese adults, as well as potential sex-related differences in the risk of MCI. METHODS: Participants underwent cognitive tests, and were divided into 840 participants with MCI (mean age 71.9 ± 5.5 years) and 1740 without MCI (mean age 71.3 ± 5.2 years). Body composition parameters were measured using a bioelectrical impedance analyzer...
May 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481662/the-correlation-between-body-fat-visceral-fat-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Yun-Huei Ko, Te-Chih Wong, Ying-Ying Hsu, Kuan-Liang Kuo, Shwu-Huey Sherry Yang
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the correlation between body fat, visceral fat, and the presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants were required to be 20 years or older, and free of liver disease (comprising either the hepatitis C virus antibody or hepatitis B surface antigen), cirrhosis, and malignant or biliary diseases. A total of 2759 participants were collected for this study. Demographic and biochemical data were collected by chart review...
May 8, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475678/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial-of-creatine-for-the-cancer-anorexia-weight-loss-syndrome-n02c4-an-alliance-trial
#18
A Jatoi, P D Steen, P J Atherton, D F Moore, K M Rowland, N A Le-Lindqwister, C S Adonizio, A J Jaslowski, J Sloan, C Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Multiple pilot studies, including one in colorectal cancer patients, suggest that creatine, an amino acid derivative, augments muscle, improves strength, and thereby could palliate the cancer anorexia/weight loss syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, incurable patients with this syndrome were assigned creatine (20 gram per day load x 5 days followed by 2 grams per day orally) versus identical placebo...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465219/differences-in-body-composition-according-to-gross-motor-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Ki Hyuk Sung, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Byung Chae Cho, Seung Jun Moon, Jaeyoung Kim, Moon Seok Park
OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in body composition according to gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP) compared to healthy controls. DESIGN: Retrospective case control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for CP PARTICIPANTS: One hundred consecutive patients (mean age, 11.5 ± 4.2 years) with CP who were admitted for orthopedic surgery between May 2014 and March 2016 and 46 typically developing children (TDC, control group) were included...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458076/a-comparison-of-bone-quality-and-its-determinants-in-young-opioid-dependent-women-with-healthy-control-group
#20
Zenghui Ding, Yanyan Chen, Xi Wang, Xu Zhou, Yang Xu, Zuchang Ma, Yining Sun, Ming Jiang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about bone quality and its determinants in patients with opioid addiction. The goal of this study was to compare bone quality and its determinants in young opioid addicted women with a local group of young healthy women. METHOD: Using cross-sectional design, 104 women (mean age 29.9 yrs, range: 20-40 yrs, SD=7.8) with previous opioid addiction and current methadone substitution (3-30mg, daily) for 1-16 weeks were compared to 117 healthy women (mean age 31...
April 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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