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Bioelectrical impedance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777228/effects-of-clomiphene-citrate-on-male-obesity-associated-hypogonadism-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#1
Andressa Heimbecher Soares, Nidia Celeste Horie, Lucas Augusto Piccinin Chiang, Bruno Caramelli, Mariana Gomes Matheus, Alexandre Holthausen Campos, Luciana Cavalheiro Marti, Fernanda Agostini Rocha, Marcio C Mancini, Elaine Maria Frade Costa, Cintia Cercato
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes secondary hypogonadism (HG) in men. Standard testosterone (T) replacement therapy improves metabolic parameters but leads to infertility. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clomiphene citrate (CC) treatment of adult men with male obesity-associated secondary hypogonadism (MOSH). DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-eight men aged 36.5 ± 7...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769029/muscle-mass-and-muscle-strength-are-associated-with-pre-and-post-hospitalization-falls-in-older-male-inpatients-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Jeanine M Van Ancum, Mirjam Pijnappels, Nini H Jonkman, Kira Scheerman, Sjors Verlaan, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Low muscle mass and strength are highly prevalent in inpatients. It is acknowledged that low muscle mass and strength are associated with falls in community-dwelling older adults, but it is unknown if these muscle measures are also associated with falls in a population of older inpatients. This study aimed to investigate the association between muscle measures and pre- and post-hospitalization falls in older inpatients. METHODS: An inception cohort of patients aged 70 years and older, admitted to an academic teaching hospital, was included in this study...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761843/calf-circumference-a-marker-of-muscle-mass-as-a-predictor-of-hospital-readmission
#3
Gustavo Gonzales Real, Inara Regina Frühauf, José Henrique Koth Sedrez, Eduarda Jaine Fachinello Dall'Aqua, Maria Cristina Gonzalez
Hospital readmissions (HRs) are common, potentially preventable, and a marker of poor quality in health services. This study aimed to identify risk factors for HR in clinical patients, with an emphasis on nutrition aspects, especially calf circumference (CC), as a marker of muscle mass. A prospective cohort study of patients admitted to the internal medicine ward was conducted. The short form of the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment was performed in the first 24 hours of hospitalization. In addition, single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis was used to estimate the phase angle, CC as a surrogate of muscle mass, and handgrip strength as a marker of strength...
May 15, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751833/patterns-of-early-life-body-mass-index-and-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-status-at-eight-years-of-age
#4
Joseph M Braun, Heidi J Kalkwarf, George D Papandonatos, Aimin Chen, Bruce P Lanphear
BACKGROUND: Excess weight gain in infancy and childhood is associated with increased risk of subsequent obesity. Identifying patterns of infancy and childhood weight gain associated with subsequent obesity or overweight status could help identify children at highest risk. Thus, we examined patterns of infancy and early childhood BMI in relation to mid-childhood overweight and obesity status. METHODS: In a prospective cohort of 215 children from Cincinnati, OH (born: 2003-2006), we measured weight and length or height at ages 4 weeks and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8 years...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748659/bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-derived-phase-angle-at-admission-as-a-predictor-of-90-day-mortality-in-intensive-care-patients
#5
Sandra N Stapel, Wilhelmus G P M Looijaard, Ingeborg M Dekker, Armand R J Girbes, Peter J M Weijs, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A low bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)-derived phase angle (PA) predicts morbidity and mortality in different patient groups. An association between PA and long-term mortality in ICU patients has not been demonstrated before. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether PA on ICU admission independently predicts 90-day mortality. SUBJECTS/ METHODS: This prospective observational study was performed in a mixed university ICU...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741194/accuracy-of-body-mass-index-versus-lean-mass-index-for-prediction-of-sarcopenia-in-older-women
#6
M J Benton, A L Silva-Smith
We compared accuracy of body mass index (BMI) versus lean mass index (LMI) to predict sarcopenia in 58 community-dwelling women (74.1±0.9 years). Lean mass was measured with multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis, and strength was measured with Arm Curl test, Chair Stand test, and handgrip dynamometry. Sarcopenia was defined as low LMI. When categorized by BMI, normal women had less absolute lean mass (37.6±1.0 vs. 42.6±0.9 kg; P<0.001) and less relative lean mass (14.1±0.2 vs. 16.1±0.2 kg/m2; P<0...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740549/effects-of-12-week-combined-exercise-program-on-self-efficacy-physical-activity-level-and-health-related-physical-fitness-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#7
Garam Jo, Brenda Rossow-Kimball, Yongho Lee
The current study examined the effects of an exercise program on health related physical fitness, self-efficacy, and physical activity levels in adults with intellectual disability. The study used pre- and posttest experimental research design with a control group. Total of 23 adults with intellectual disability were recruited with 12 assigned for the exercise group and 11 for the control group, separately. The measures of health related physical fitness included cardio pulmonary endurance (step-test), body composition (bioelectrical impedance analysis), flexibility (sit and reach), muscle endurance (sit-up), and strength (hand grip strength)...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734917/body-composition-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3-and-10-patients-comparative-study-with-control-group
#8
Christiane de M B Almeida Leite, Maria Eliana M Schieferdecker, Caroline Frehner, Renato P Munhoz, Tetsuo Ashizawa, Hélio A G Teive
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a group of neurodegenerative genetic diseases characterized by movement disorders that can affect nutritional status and body composition. This study sought to assess body composition in SCA3 and SCA10 patients. METHODS: Anthropometric assessments and bioelectric impedance analysis were performed in 46 SCA3 and SCA10 patients and 76 controls of both genders. RESULTS: Of the patients, 69.6% had SCA3 and 58...
May 7, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730332/the-relationship-between-selected-body-fatness-indices-and-the-level-of-blood-interleukin-6-in-female-nursing-home-residents-aged-80-years-without-inflammation-a-pilot-study
#9
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Ahmed Manasar, Jakub Maliszewski, Adam Kiełtyka, Beata Matyja, Magdalena Dudek, Joanna Zborowska, Adam Wajdman
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) production facilitates a shift from acute to chronic inflammation that may induce the development of some diseases and aging. Several studies have suggested that adiposity is closely related to serum IL-6 level, but their authors examined relatively young older adults (aged 60-80 years), so it is not clear whether this association would also occur in people at a more advanced age. OBJECTIVE: to assess whether in elderly women without inflammation the widely used anthropometric obesity indices are associated with serum IL-6 level and, if so, to determine the best anthropometric predictor of this inflammatory biomarker...
May 3, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725283/isoflavones-calcium-vitamin-d-and-inulin-improve-quality-of-life-sexual-function-body-composition-and-metabolic-parameters-in-menopausal-women-result-from-a-prospective-randomized-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-study
#10
Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Salvatore Caruso, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Stefano Cianci, Antonio Cianci
Introduction: Menopause results in metabolic changes that contribute to increase risk of cardiovascular diseases: increase in low density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides and decrease in high density lipoprotein (HDL), weight gain are associated with a correspondent increase in incidence of hypertension and diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a preparation of isoflavones, calcium vitamin D and inulin in menopausal women. Material and methods: We performed a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study...
March 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723977/body-mass-total-body-fat-percentage-and-visceral-fat-level-predict-insulin-resistance-better-than-waist-circumference-and-body-mass-index-in-healthy-young-male-adults-in-indonesia
#11
Liong Boy Kurniawan, Uleng Bahrun, Mochammad Hatta, Mansyur Arif
The incidence of obesity which leads to insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic disorder is increasing in developing countries, including Indonesia. Male adults have a higher risk of abdominal obesity than females. This is associated with cardiometabolic disorders. Several anthropometric measurements have been proposed to predict IR. The aim of this study was to investigate whether body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BF) or visceral fat level (VF) could become a better predictor of IR in healthy young male adults...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717464/alteration-in-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-women-with-subclinical-hypercortisolism
#12
Jae Hyeon Kim, Mi Kyung Kwak, Seong Hee Ahn, Hyeonmok Kim, Yoon Young Cho, Sunghwan Suh, Beom-Jun Kim, Kee-Ho Song, Seung Hun Lee, Jung-Min Koh
PURPOSE: Despite the well-known deleterious effects of cortisol on skeletal muscle, whether subtle cortisol excess in subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) affects skeletal muscle mass is unknown. Our objective was to understand the effects of the cortisol level on skeletal muscle mass in patients with SH. METHODS: We compared skeletal muscle mass and fat mass (FM) between 21 patients with SH (12 women and 9 men) and 224 controls (67 women and 157 men) with nonfunctioning adrenal incidentaloma (NFAI)...
May 1, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709346/a-link-between-nutritional-and-growth-states-in-pediatric-patients-with-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#13
Katarzyna Pawłowska, Wioleta Umławska, Barbara Iwańczak
OBJECTIVE: To investigate nutritional status and growth status of pediatric patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and to examine the relationship between nutritional status and linear growth in these children. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 102 pediatric patients diagnosed with functional constipation (FC), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or functional abdominal pain (FAP) in years 2013-2015 were subjected to anthropometric measurements. Anthropometry comprised body height, leg and trunk lengths, body weight, mid-upper arm circumference, and 3 skinfold thicknesses...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708859/bioimpedance-patterns-and-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-biva-of-road-cyclists
#14
Andrea Giorgi, Maurizio Vicini, Luca Pollastri, Erica Lombardi, Emilio Magni, Andrea Andreazzoli, Marco Orsini, Marco Bonifazi, Henry Lukaski, Hannes Gatterer
Bioelectrical impedance vector-analysis (BIVA) describes cell-mass, cell function and hydration status of an individual or a group. The goal of the present investigation was to provide bioelectrical impedance data for 525 male road cyclists (155 professionals, 79 elite, 59 elite-youth, and 232 amateurs) at the time of their optimal performance level. Data were plotted on the resistance-reactance (R-Xc) graph to characterize cyclists group vectors using BIVA. Compared to the general male population, the mean vector position of the road cyclists indicates a higher body cell mass (BCM) and phase angle (p<0...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707811/exploring-relationships-between-body-condition-score-body-fat-activity-level-and-inflammatory-biomarkers
#15
W Pearson, K Wood, S Stanley, J MacNicol
Obesity is associated with inflammatory disorders in humans, including degenerative joint disease. While obesity is endemic in horses, its relationship to equine degenerative joint disease has not been explored. The current study sought to describe relationships between: body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), lameness grade (AAEP), total body fat mass (kg; FM) and fat per cent (FP) [multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (mfBIA)], age, gender, activity level (AL), synovial fluid (SF) and plasma (PL) PGE2 and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) in horses...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707088/impact-of-dapagliflozin-therapy-on-renal-protection-and-kidney-morphology-in-patients-with-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Seigo Sugiyama, Hideaki Jinnouchi, Noboru Kurinami, Kunio Hieshima, Akira Yoshida, Katsunori Jinnouchi, Motoko Tanaka, Hiroyuki Nishimura, Tomoko Suzuki, Fumio Miyamoto, Keizo Kajiwara, Tomio Jinnouchi
Background: We examined whether the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) dapagliflozin can improve urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) associated with a reduction in body weight or body fat in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: We prospectively recruited T2DM patients having inadequate glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) > 7.0%) not on SGLT2i therapy. We treated the patients with add-on dapagliflozin treatment or intensification of non-SGLT2 inhibitor therapies for 6 months...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697274/effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-on-body-composition-and-inflammation-markers-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-cancer-from-a-public-hospital-in-mexico
#17
Obed Solís-Martínez, Valentina Plasa-Carvalho, Geraldine Phillips-Sixtos, Yanelly Trujillo-Cabrera, Arturo Hernández-Cuellar, Gloria E Queipo-García, Eduardo Meaney-Mendiolea, Guillermo M Ceballos-Reyes, Vanessa Fuchs-Tarlovsky
INTRODUCTION: Head and neck cancer patients are at high risk of anorexia-cachexia syndrome and literature shows that Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) could regulate it. We aim to determine the EPA effect on body composition and pro-inflammatory markers in patients with head neck cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized single-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer who received a polymeric diet with 2 g of EPA or a standard polymeric diet for six weeks before antineoplastic treatment...
May 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695763/phase-angle-and-mortality-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Luíza M Garlini, Fernanda D Alves, Luciane B Ceretta, Ingrid S Perry, Gabriela C Souza, Nadine O Clausell
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The phase angle, expressed through bioelectrical impedance, has been studied as a prognostic marker in several health conditions. As this issue is still conflicting, the question whether this parameter correlates with mortality in the most diverse clinical situations remains. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between phase angle and mortality through a systematic review of the literature. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This research was conducted in electronic databases (Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, Lilacs, Scielo, e Scopus), and included studies that had phase angle as a variable of interest and mortality/survival as an outcome...
April 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695762/prevalence-of-under-and-over-weight-in-children-with-neurodisability-using-body-composition-measures
#19
Stefanie Zhao Lin Lip, Anna Chillingworth, Charlotte M Wright
We aimed to compare rates of under and overweight in children with different neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) by measuring weight, height/length, arm-to-leg bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and subscapular and triceps skinfolds in 146 children aged 4-16 years attending special schools. Z scores were calculated and skinfolds and lean mass Z scores were further adjusted for height. Underweight was found in 9% (14) children (body mass index (BMI) < 2nd) but only 3% (4) had skinfolds <5th centile. Overweight was much commoner, with 41% (58) children having BMI > 95th and 20% (14) had skinfolds >95th centile...
April 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694263/the-decrease-in-phase-angle-measured-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-reflects-the-increased-locomotive-syndrome-risk-in-community-dwelling-people-the-yakumo-study
#20
Satoshi Tanaka, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Taisuke Seki, Takashi Hamada, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Shiro Imagama
OBJECTIVES: The locomotive syndrome (LS) risk test has recently been advocated for the evaluation of physical ability. Phase angle measurement by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is an indicator of cellular health and muscle mass. We aimed to investigate how muscle mass and phase angle are related to LS risk stage. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 311 patients who were undergoing a health checkup. All participants performed the two-step test, stand-up test, and 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale components of the LS risk test...
April 25, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
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