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subarachnoide hemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330661/adipose-tissue-fatty-acids-present-in-dairy-fat-and-risk-of-stroke-the-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort
#1
Anne Sofie Dam Laursen, Christina Catherine Dahm, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Erik Berg Schmidt, Kim Overvad, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen
PURPOSE: The role of dairy fat for the risk of stroke is not yet clear. Adipose tissue reflects long-term fatty acid intake and metabolism. We, therefore, investigated associations for percentages of adipose tissue fatty acids, for which dairy products are a major source (12:0, 14:0, 14:1 cis-9, 15:0, 17:0, 18:1 trans-11 and 18:2 cis-9, trans-11), with incident total stroke and stroke subtypes. METHODS: We conducted a case-cohort study within the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort, including all incident stroke cases (n = 2108) and a random sample of the total cohort (n = 3186)...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328003/characterizing-the-type-and-location-of-intracranial-abnormalities-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Harri Isokuortti, Grant L Iverson, Noah D Silverberg, Anneli Kataja, Antti Brander, Juha Öhman, Teemu M Luoto
OBJECTIVE The incidence of intracranial abnormalities after mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) varies widely across studies. This study describes the characteristics of intracranial abnormalities (acute/preexisting) in a large representative sample of head-injured patients who underwent CT imaging in an emergency department. METHODS CT scans were systematically analyzed/coded in the TBI Common Data Elements framework. Logistic regression modeling was used to quantify risk factors for traumatic intracranial abnormalities in patients with mild TBIs...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325955/endovascular-patch-embolization-for-blood-blister-like-aneurysms-in-the-dorsal-segment-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#3
Xudong Hao, Guilin Li, Jian Ren, Jingwei Li, Chuan He, Hong-Qi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) in the dorsal segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are fragile and difficult to treat, and the optimal treatment for BBAs is still controversial. We report clinical and angiographic results with procedural details for the treatment of BBA by using the endovascular patch embolization method. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH) caused by ICA-BBAs and were treated with the endovascular patch embolization method in our center from October 2011 to March 2015...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325938/aortic-coarctation-complicated-with-intracranial-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Hui Zhang, Lei Feng
BACKGROUND: Cases of aortic coarctation complicated with rupture and hemorrhage of intracranial aneurysms are not common in clinical practice. This paper reports a case of middle-aged female patient presented with acute severe headache. CASE DESCRIPTION: Head CT demonstrated her extensive subarachnoid hemorrhage. DSA demonstrated coarctation and occlusion of proximal thoracic aorta and occlusion of terminal aortic arch. Aortic-intracranial CTA confirmed that the patient had aortic coarctation complicated with anterior communicating artery aneurysm...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325471/intracranial-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-following-cervical-laminoplasty-a-report-of-two-cases
#5
Yuichi Kondo, Kazunari Fushimi, Makoto Takasawa, Shigeo Kanamori, Takaki Miyagawa, Kenji Kawashima, Kazutoshi Yokoyama, Haruhiko Akiyama
Intracranial hemorrhage is a rare complication of spinal surgery. Case 1 was a 58-year-old man who underwent cervical laminoplasty. No apparent iatrogenic dural rupture or cerebrospinal fluid leakage was observed. An hour after the surgery, the patient had convulsions and became restless thereafter. CT revealed an intracranial SAH. The patient recovered normal consciousness the next morning. Case 2 was a 68-year-old woman who underwent cervical laminoplasty without postoperative CSF leakage. Six days after the surgery, the patient continued to complain of nausea and headache...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323183/delivery-of-xenon-containing-echogenic-liposomes-inhibits-early-brain-injury-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#6
Yi-Feng Miao, Tao Peng, Melanie R Moody, Melvin E Klegerman, Jaroslaw Aronowski, James Grotta, David D McPherson, Hyunggun Kim, Shao-Ling Huang
Xenon (Xe), a noble gas, has promising neuroprotective properties with no proven adverse side-effects. We evaluated neuroprotective effects of Xe delivered by Xe-containing echogenic liposomes (Xe-ELIP) via ultrasound-controlled cerebral drug release on early brain injury following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The Xe-ELIP structure was evaluated by ultrasound imaging, electron microscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. Animals were randomly divided into five groups: Sham, SAH, SAH treated with Xe-ELIP, empty ELIP, or Xe-saturated saline...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323040/d-dimer-may-predict-poor-outcomes-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-retrospective-study
#7
Jun-Hui Liu, Xiang-Kui Li, Zhi-Biao Chen, Qiang Cai, Long Wang, Ying-Hu Ye, Qian-Xue Chen
Serum biomarkers may play a reliable role in predicting the outcomes of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. This study retrospectively analyzed the relationship between serum biomarkers on admission and outcomes in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. We recruited 146 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage who were treated in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University of China between 1 May 2014 and 30 March 2016. There were 57 males and 89 females included and average age of included patients was 57...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323034/implications-of-periostin-in-the-development-of-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-induced-brain-injuries
#8
Hirofumi Nishikawa, Hidenori Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322965/endovascular-strategies-for-management-of-intradural-vertebral-artery-dissecting-aneurysms
#9
Swati D Chinchure, Vijay Jaykrishnan, B P Krishna Prasad
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular treatment of vertebral intradural dissecting aneurysms is complex and requires different strategies for each case. The current study aims to classify these aneurysms for an easy selection of optimal strategies for endovascular therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective evaluation of 10 patients harbouring a vertebral intradural dissecting aneurysm (including 6 female and 4 male patients). The clinical, procedural, and angiographic data were evaluated...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321237/differences-in-risk-factors-for-3-types-of-stroke-uk-prospective-study-and-meta-analyses
#10
Alison J Price, F Lucy Wright, Jane Green, Angela Balkwill, Sau Wan Kan, TienYu Owen Yang, Sarah Floud, Mary E Kroll, Rachel Simpson, Cathie L M Sudlow, Valerie Beral, Gillian K Reeves
OBJECTIVE: To compare associations of behavioral and related factors for incident subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracerebral hemorrhage and ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 712,433 Million Women Study participants without prior stroke, heart disease, or cancer reported behavioral and related factors at baseline (1999-2007) and were followed up by record linkage to national hospital admission and death databases. Cox regression yielded adjusted relative risks (RRs) by type of stroke...
January 10, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316357/cerebrovascular-events-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
John G Hanly, Qiuju Li, Li Su, Murray B Urowitz, Caroline Gordon, Sang-Cheol Bae, Juanita Romero-Diaz, Jorge Sanchez-Guerrero, Sasha Bernatsky, Ann E Clarke, Daniel J Wallace, David A Isenberg, Anisur Rahman, Joan T Merrill, Paul Fortin, Dafna D Gladman, Ian N Bruce, Michelle Petri, Ellen M Ginzler, M A Dooley, Kristjan Steinsson, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Asad A Zoma, Susan Manzi, Ola Nived, Andreas Jonsen, Munther A Khamashta, Graciela S Alarcón, Winn Chatham, Ronald F van Vollenhoven, Cynthia Aranow, Meggan Mackay, Guillermo Ruiz-Irastorza, Manuel Ramos-Casals, S Sam Lim, Murat Inanc, Kenneth C Kalunian, Soren Jacobsen, Christine A Peschken, Diane L Kamen, Anca Askanase, Chris Theriault, Vernon Farewell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, associations and outcomes of cerebrovascular events (CerVEs) in a multi-ethnic/racial, prospective, SLE disease inception cohort. METHODS: Patients were assessed annually for 19 neuropsychiatric (NP) events including 5 types of CerVEs: (i) Stroke; (ii) Transient ischemia; (iii) Chronic multifocal ischemia; (iv) Subarachnoid/intracranial hemorrhage; (v) Sinus thrombosis. Global disease activity (SLEDAI-2K), SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI) and SF-36 scores were collected...
January 5, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313314/duration-of-agitation-fluctuations-of-consciousness-and-associations-with-outcome-in-patients-with-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#12
Michael E Reznik, Ali Mahta, J Michael Schmidt, Hans-Peter Frey, Soojin Park, David J Roh, Sachin Agarwal, Jan Claassen
BACKGROUND: Agitation is common after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and may be independently associated with outcomes. We sought to determine whether the duration of agitation and fluctuating consciousness were also associated with outcomes in patients with SAH. METHODS: We identified all patients with positive Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) scores from a prospective observational cohort of patients with SAH from 2011 to 2015. Total duration of agitation was extrapolated for each patient using available RASS scores, and 24-h mean and standard deviation (SD) of RASS scores were calculated for each patient...
January 8, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310519/intranasal-stem-cell-treatment-as-a-novel-therapy-for-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#13
Cora H Nijboer, Elke Kooijman, Cindy T van Velthoven, Erik Van Tilborg, Ivo A Tiebosch, Niels Eijkelkamp, Rick M Dijkhuizen, Jozef Kesecioglu, Cobi Heijnen
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) represents a major health problem in Western society due to high mortality and morbidity, and the relative young age of patients. Currently, efficacious therapeutic options are very limited. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) administration has been shown to improve functional outcome and lesion size in experimental models of stroke and neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. Here we studied the therapeutic potential of intranasally administered bone marrow-derived MSCs relatively late post-insult using a rat endovascular puncture model for SAH...
January 8, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305915/intraventricular-hemorrhage-due-to-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-does-the-severity-matter
#14
Marvin Darkwah Oppong, Oliver Gembruch, Annika Herten, Roman Frantsev, Mehdi Chihi, Philipp Dammann, Nicolai El Hindy, Michael Forsting, Ulrich Sure, Ramazan Jabbarli
OBJECT: Aneurysm rupture might be accompanied by intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) that is associated with poor outcome of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The aim of this study was to analyze risk factors and clinical impact of IVH severity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 995 consecutive SAH patients treated at our institution between January 2003 and June 2016 were eligible for this study. Clinical and radiological findings were correlated with the presence and severity of IVH assessed with the original Graeb score...
January 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304371/rare-coding-variants-in-angptl6-are-associated-with-familial-forms-of-intracranial-aneurysm
#15
Romain Bourcier, Solena Le Scouarnec, Stéphanie Bonnaud, Matilde Karakachoff, Emmanuelle Bourcereau, Sandrine Heurtebise-Chrétien, Céline Menguy, Christian Dina, Floriane Simonet, Alexis Moles, Cédric Lenoble, Pierre Lindenbaum, Stéphanie Chatel, Bertrand Isidor, Emmanuelle Génin, Jean-François Deleuze, Jean-Jacques Schott, Hervé Le Marec, Gervaise Loirand, Hubert Desal, Richard Redon
Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are acquired cerebrovascular abnormalities characterized by localized dilation and wall thinning in intracranial arteries, possibly leading to subarachnoid hemorrhage and severe outcome in case of rupture. Here, we identified one rare nonsense variant (c.1378A>T) in the last exon of ANGPTL6 (Angiopoietin-Like 6)-which encodes a circulating pro-angiogenic factor mainly secreted from the liver-shared by the four tested affected members of a large pedigree with multiple IA-affected case subjects...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303451/traumatic-midline-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-on-initial-computed-tomography-as-a-marker-of-severe-diffuse-axonal-injury
#16
Daddy Mata-Mbemba, Shunji Mugikura, Atsuhiro Nakagawa, Takaki Murata, Kiyoshi Ishii, Shigeki Kushimoto, Teiji Tominaga, Shoki Takahashi, Kei Takase
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that midline (interhemispheric or perimesencephalic) traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (tSAH) on initial CT may implicate the same shearing mechanism that underlies severe diffuse axonal injury (DAI). METHODS The authors enrolled 270 consecutive patients (mean age [± SD] 43 ± 23.3 years) with a history of head trauma who had undergone initial CT within 24 hours and brain MRI within 30 days. Six initial CT findings, including intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and tSAH, were used as candidate predictors of DAI...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303442/blossoming-contusions-identifying-factors-contributing-to-the-expansion-of-traumatic-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#17
Joseph A Carnevale, David J Segar, Andrew Y Powers, Meghal Shah, Cody Doberstein, Benjamin Drapcho, John F Morrison, John R Williams, Scott Collins, Kristina Monteiro, Wael F Asaad
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant cause of neurological morbidity and mortality. Each year, more than 1.7 million patients present to the emergency department with TBI. The goal of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of traumatic cerebral intraparenchymal hemorrhage (tIPH), to develop subclassifications of these injuries that relate to prognosis, and to provide a more comprehensive assessment of hemorrhagic progression contusion (HPC) by analyzing the rate at which tIPH "blossom" (i...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302799/early-abnormal-transient-hyperemic-response-test-can-predict-delayed-ischemic-neurologic-deficit-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#18
Hosam Al-Jehani, Mark Angle, Judith Marcoux, Jeanne Teitelbaum
BACKGROUND: Early detection of vasospasm is crucial to prevent significant delayed ischemic neurological deficit post subarachnoid hemorrhage. The standard methods of detection, including cerebral angiogram and computed tomography are invasive and not safe to be repeated, as is very often indicated clinically. Transient hyperemic response test has been previously used to predict autoregulation failure in traumatic brain injury and subarachnoid hemorrhage. AIMS: We investigate the usability of transient hyperemic response test as a predictor of clinical vasospasm in a cohort of patients with aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage...
January 4, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302787/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-in-taiwan-clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-associated-with-mortality
#19
An-Lun Wu, Lai-Chu See, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Hui-Tzu Tu, Nan-Kai Wang, Jing-Long Huang, Yih-Shiou Hwang, Chi-Chun Lai, Wei-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: To report the clinical characteristics of abusive head trauma (AHT) in Taiwan and identify the risk factors associated with mortality of these patients. METHODS: Children with clinically diagnosed AHT from January 1, 2000, to October 31, 2015 were reviewed. The demographic data, clinical features, and associated retinal and radiologic findings were analyzed. The multivariable logistic regression model analysis was performed to identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality...
January 4, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299097/paravertebral-calcification-as-a-potential-indicator-for-nonaccidental-trauma
#20
Katsuaki Kojima, Jennifer Nimtz, Steven W Martin, Stephen R Guertin, Ellen C Cavenagh
We report a case of nonaccidental trauma (NAT) involving a 23-month-old boy who presented with seizures, acute subarachnoid hemorrhage, and acute subdural hemorrhage. Ophthalmologic examination showed bilateral intraretinal hemorrhages. Further evaluation revealed that he had bilateral thoracolumbar paravertebral calcifications. The Children's Protective Services agency was involved in the case. The child was discharged to an inpatient rehabilitation facility. Vertebral fracture associated with paravertebral calcification has been reported as a sign of NAT...
July 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
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