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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918571/the-effect-of-communication-skills-training-on-patient-pharmacist-communication-in-pharmacy-education-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Hye Kyung Jin, Jae Hee Choi, Ji Eun Kang, Sandy Jeong Rhie
Communication skills in pharmacy education and practice are increasingly regarded as a crucial component. However, thus far, estimating of the overall communication skills training (CST) effects in a variety of outcomes is lacking. The aim of this study was to synthesize the effects of CST in pharmacy education by performing a meta-analysis of CST studies. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Communication and Mass Media Complete (CMMC), key journals, and bibliographic databases...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918559/prostate-cancer-screening-by-prostate-specific-antigen-psa-a-relevant-approach-for-the-small-population-of-the-cayman-islands
#2
Shravana Kumar Jyoti, Camille Blacke, Pallavi Patil, Vibha P Amblihalli, Amanda Nicholson
INTRODUCTION: The common tool for diagnosing prostate cancer is prostate-specific antigen (PSA), but the high sensitivity and low specificity of PSA testing are the problems in clinical practice. There are no proper guidelines to investigate the suspected prostate cancer in the Cayman Islands. We correlated PSA levels with the incidence of prostate cancers by tissue diagnosis and proposed logical protocol for prostate screening by using PSA test in this small population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 165 Afro Caribbean individuals who had prostate biopsy done after the investigations for PSA levels from year 2005 to 2015 were studied retrospectively...
September 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918552/long-term-quality-of-life-profile-in-oncology-a-comparison-between-cancer-survivors-and-the-general-population
#3
Maria Antonietta Annunziata, Barbara Muzzatti, Cristiana Flaiban, Katiuscia Gipponi, Carlo Carnaghi, Paolo Tralongo, Michele Caruso, Raffaele Cavina, Umberto Tirelli
PURPOSE: Understanding the quality of life (QoL) of cancer survivors is relevant to both clinical practice and health care policy. The current study compared the QoL profile in this specific population with that of a normative sample for the general population, as well as with those of both healthy and oncological patients normative sub-samples. In addition, associations between the obtained QoL profile and the main socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample were examined...
September 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918322/time-for-tiger-to-roar-technology-informatics-guiding-education-reform
#4
EDITORIAL
Siobhan O'Connor, Ursula Hubner, Toria Shaw, Rachelle Blake, Marion Ball
Information Technology (IT) continues to evolve and develop with electronic devices and systems becoming integral to healthcare in every country. This has led to an urgent need for all professions working in healthcare to be knowledgeable and skilled in informatics. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative was established in 2006 in the United States to develop key areas of informatics in nursing. One of these was to integrate informatics competencies into nursing curricula and life-long learning...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918308/appropriateness-of-different-pedagogical-approaches-to-road-safety-education-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#5
C Purcell, A R Romijn
BACKGROUND: In 2016, 29% of pedestrians killed or seriously injured on the roads in Great Britain were under 15 years of age. Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), a chronic disorder affecting the acquisition and execution of motor skills, may be more vulnerable at the roadside than typically developing (TD) children. Current methods used to teach road safety are typically knowledge-based and do not necessarily improve behaviour in real traffic situations. Virtual reality road crossing tasks may be a viable alternative...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917452/postinflammatory-hyperpigmentation-a-comprehensive-overview-treatment-options-and-prevention
#6
REVIEW
Suteeraporn Chaowattanapanit, Narumol Silpa-Archa, Indermeet Kohli, Henry W Lim, Iltefat Hamzavi
Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) occurs after various dermatoses, exogenous stimuli, and dermatologic procedures. The clinical course of PIH is chronic and unpredictable, although the probability of resolution of epidermal hyperpigmentation is better than those of dermal hyperpigmentation. PIH can be prevented or alleviated. When it does occur, the underlying inflammatory conditions should be sought and treated as the first step to reduce the progression of inflammation and PIH (which is an inflammatory consequence)...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917367/perceptions-of-hatha-yoga-amongst-persistently-depressed-individuals-enrolled-in-a-trial-of-yoga-for-depression
#7
Lisa A Uebelacker, Morganne Kraines, Monica K Broughton, Geoffrey Tremont, L Tom Gillette, Gary Epstein-Lubow, Ana M Abrantes, Cynthia Battle, Ivan W Miller
OBJECTIVES: To understand depressed individuals' experiences in a 10-week hatha yoga program. DESIGN: In a randomized controlled trial, participants were assigned to either 10 weeks of hatha yoga classes or a health education control group. This report includes responses from participants in yoga classes. At the start of classes, average depression symptom severity level was moderate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: After 10 weeks of yoga classes, we asked participants (n=50) to provide written responses to open-ended questions about what they liked about classes, what they did not like or did not find helpful, and what they learned...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917155/crossing-the-gender-boundaries-the-gender-experiences-of-male-nursing-students-in-initial-nursing-clinical-practice-in-taiwan
#8
Hsing-Yuan Liu, Yun Ling Li
BACKGROUND: The initial nursing clinical practice is the necessary practicum required for nursing students. Because of the changing learning style, many of them are under great pressure for environmental change and therefore their daily routine is severe affected. Interacting directly with patients in a female-dominated occupation, along with the general gender stereotypes, the impact is especially significant to male nursing students than to female nursing students. PURPOSE: The purpose of this preliminary qualitative study is to explore the gendered experiences of male nursing students during their first initial nursing clinical practice...
September 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916888/hiv-testing-among-foreign-born-men-and-women-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Eduardo Valverde, Elizabeth DiNenno, Emeka Oraka, Gregory Bautista, Pollyanna Chavez
HIV disproportionately affects the foreign-born population in the United States. This analysis describes the prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals residing in the United States. Data from a national health survey of the civilian, non-institutionalized population was used to describe prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals by birth place. Multivariate logistic-regression procedures were used to determine factors associated with ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born men and women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916581/optimising-impact-and-sustainability-a-qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-complex-intervention-targeted-at-compassionate-care
#10
Jackie Bridges, Carl May, Alison Fuller, Peter Griffiths, Wendy Wigley, Lisa Gould, Hannah Barker, Paula Libberton
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about the degree of compassion in contemporary healthcare, there is a dearth of evidence for health service managers about how to promote compassionate healthcare. This paper reports on the implementation of the Creating Learning Environments for Compassionate Care (CLECC) intervention by four hospital ward nursing teams. CLECC is a workplace educational intervention focused on developing sustainable leadership and work-team practices designed to support team relational capacity and compassionate care delivery...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916249/diagnostic-errors-impact-of-an-educational-intervention-on-pediatric-primary-care
#11
Julianne Nemes Walsh, Margaret Knight, A James Lee
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of our study was to determine the impact of an educational program on a provider's knowledge related to diagnostic errors and diagnostic reasoning strategies. METHODS: A quasi-experimental interventional study with a multimedia approach, case study discussion, and trigger-generated medical record review at two time points was conducted. Measurement tools included a test developed by the National Patient Safety Foundation, Reducing Diagnostic Errors: Strategies for Solutions Quiz, additional diagnostic reasoning questions, and a trigger-generated process to analyze medical records...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916019/the-basic-science-of-behavior-change-and-its-application-to-pediatric-providers
#12
REVIEW
Allison R Love, Peter S Jensen, Lisa Khan, Tiffany West Brandt, James Jaccard
Pediatric primary care providers (PPCPs) are increasingly expected to know how to assess, diagnose, and treat a wide range of mental health problems in children and adolescents. For many PPCPs, this means learning and performing new practice behaviors that were not taught in their residency training. Typical continuing education approaches to engage PPCPs in new practices have not yielded the desired changes in provider behavior. This article summarizes behavior change principles identified through basic behavior science, adult education, and communication research, and discusses their application to a patient-centered pediatric primary care mental health curriculum...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915950/improving-team-performance-through-simulation-based-learning
#13
REVIEW
Mark S Volk
American health care is facing an epidemic of medical errors. A major cause of these errors is poor teamwork. Crisis resource management (CRM) is a set of teamwork principles derived from the airline industry. Medical simulation is an educational tool that affords health care providers a means of improving teamwork by learning and practicing CRM. This article (1) discusses the case for teaching team training, (2) reviews the principles of medical simulation as they pertain to team training, (3) provides practical guidelines for using medical simulation in otolaryngology education, (4) discusses current evidence for the efficacy of medical simulation...
October 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915949/assessment-of-surgical-skills-and-competency
#14
REVIEW
Nasir I Bhatti
Evaluation of surgical skills and competency are important aspects of the medical education process. Measurable and reproducible methods of assessment with objective feedback are essential components of surgical training. Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) is widely used across the medical specialties and otolaryngology-specific tools have been developed and validated for sinus and mastoid surgery. Although assessment of surgical skills can be time-consuming and requires human and financial resources, new evaluation methods and emerging technology may alleviate these barriers while also improving data collection practices...
October 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915897/development-of-a-complex-intervention-to-promote-appropriate-prescribing-and-medication-intensification-in-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-irish-general-practice
#15
Mark E Murphy, Molly Byrne, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Derek Corrigan, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be seen as failure to meet recommended targets for management of key risk factors including glycaemic control, blood pressure and lipids. Poor control of risk factors is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. Failure to intensify medications for patients with poor control of T2DM when indicated is called clinical inertia and is one contributory factor to poor control of T2DM. We aimed to develop a theory and evidence-based complex intervention to improve appropriate prescribing and medication intensification in poorly controlled T2DM in Irish general practice...
September 16, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915896/placental-malaria-and-its-effect-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-sudanese-women-from-blue-nile-state
#16
Samia A Omer, Hagir E Idress, Ishag Adam, Mutasim Abdelrahim, Ali N Noureldein, Abdelrahim M Abdelrazig, Mohammed O Elhassan, Suad M Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Malaria infection during pregnancy can result in placental malaria and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes particularly among primigravidae. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for placental malaria and its effect on pregnancy outcomes in Blue Nile state, Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted consecutively during January 2012-December 2015 in three main hospitals in Blue Nile State, Sudan...
September 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915874/unmet-needs-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-insights-from-patient-chart-review-in-five-european-countries
#17
Toby M Maher, Maria Molina-Molina, Anne-Marie Russell, Francesco Bonella, Stéphane Jouneau, Elena Ripamonti, Judit Axmann, Carlo Vancheri
BACKGROUND: Two antifibrotic drugs, pirfenidone and nintedanib, are approved by the European Medicines Agency and the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In this analysis, treatment patterns of European patients with IPF were investigated to understand antifibrotic prescribing and identify unmet needs in IPF treatment practice. METHODS: Between February and March 2016, respiratory physicians from France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK participated in an online questionnaire designed to collect information on IPF treatment patterns in patients under their care...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915815/designing-an-implementation-intervention-with-the-behaviour-change-wheel-for-health-provider-smoking-cessation-care-for-australian-indigenous-pregnant-women
#18
Gillian S Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We aimed to develop an implementation intervention to improve smoking cessation care (SCC) for pregnant Indigenous smokers, an outcome to be achieved by training health providers at Aboriginal Medical Services (AMS) in a culturally competent approach, developed collaboratively with AMS...
September 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915810/does-one-workshop-on-respecting-cultural-differences-increase-health-professionals-confidence-to-improve-the-care-of-australian-aboriginal-patients-with-cancer-an-evaluation
#19
Angela Durey, Georgia Halkett, Melissa Berg, Leanne Lester, Marion Kickett
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians have worse cancer survival rates than other Australians. Reasons include fear of a cancer diagnosis, reluctance to attend mainstream health services and discrimination from health professionals. Offering health professionals education in care focusing on Aboriginal patients' needs is important. The aim of this paper was to evaluate whether participating in a workshop improved the confidence of radiation oncology health professionals in their knowledge, communication and ability to offer culturally safe healthcare to Aboriginal Australians with cancer...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#20
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
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