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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661173/predictors-of-elevated-capillary-blood-glucose-in-overweight-railway-french-employees-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
Emminarie Luisiana Lucas Garcia, David Debensason, Loïc Capron, Antoine Flahault, Jeanine Pommier
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycaemia is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease and a high risk state for progression to type 2 diabetes. Moreover, overweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 , increases the risk of diabetes. Information about the feasibility of measuring, during routine occupational health examinations, predictors of elevated capillary blood glucose in overweight individuals is scarce. This study aims to identify factors that are associated with elevated capillary blood glucose and can be routinely measured in French overweight employees to develop targeted preventive strategies in the workplace...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603729/analysis-of-the-distribution-and-scholarly-output-from-national-institute-of-academic-anaesthesia-niaa-research-grants
#2
K El-Boghdadly, A B Docherty, A A Klein
The National Institute of Academic Anaesthesia (NIAA) was founded in 2008 to lead a UK strategy for developing academic anaesthesia. We aimed to assess the distribution of applications and quantify the academic returns of NIAA-supported research grants, as this has hitherto not been analysed. We sought data on the baseline characteristics of all grant applicants and recipients. Every grant recipient from 2008 to 2015 was contacted to ascertain the status of their supported research projects. We also examined Google Scholar, Scopus® database and InCites Journal Citation Reports for citation, author and journal metrics, respectively...
March 30, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594323/beach-handball-is-safer-than-indoor-team-handball-injury-rates-during-the-2017-european-beach-handball-championships
#3
Leonard Achenbach, Oliver Loose, Lior Laver, Florian Zeman, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele, Werner Krutsch
PURPOSE: Beach handball is a relatively new type of sports, which was derived from team handball. Medical issues such as frequency and severity of injury are yet unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the injury pattern and injury rates of this new type of sports. METHODS: This study investigated the injury incidence of 30 national teams (10 senior and 20 u-17 teams, 16 men's and 14 women's teams) participating in the 2017 European Beach Handball Championships...
March 28, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566681/mapping-staff-perspectives-towards-the-delivery-of-hospital-care-for-children-and-young-people-with-and-without-learning-disabilities-in-england-a-mixed-methods-national-study
#4
Kate Oulton, Faith Gibson, Lucinda Carr, Angela Hassiotis, Carey Jewitt, Charlotte Kenten, Jessica Russell, Mark Whiting, Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, Jo Wray
BACKGROUND: Children and young people (CYP) with learning disabilities (LD) are a vulnerable population with increased risk of abuse and accidental injury and whose parents have reported concerns about the quality, safety and accessibility of their hospital care. The Care Quality Commission's (CQC) view of best practice for this group of patients includes: access to senior LD nurse provision; a clearly visible flagging system for identifying them; the use of hospital passports; and defined communication strategies (Glasper, Comp Child Adolesc Nurs 40:63-67, 2017)...
March 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510715/stand-more-at-work-smart-work-using-the-behaviour-change-wheel-to-develop-an-intervention-to-reduce-sitting-time-in-the-workplace
#5
Fehmidah Munir, Stuart J H Biddle, Melanie J Davies, David Dunstan, David Esliger, Laura J Gray, Ben R Jackson, Sophie E O'Connell, Tom Yates, Charlotte L Edwardson
BACKGROUND: Sitting (sedentary behaviour) is widespread among desk-based office workers and a high level of sedentary behaviour is a risk factor for poor health. Reducing workplace sitting time is therefore an important prevention strategy. Interventions are more likely to be effective if they are theory and evidence-based. The Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) provides a framework for intervention development. This article describes the development of the Stand More AT Work (SMArT Work) intervention, which aims to reduce sitting time among National Health Service (NHS) office-based workers in Leicester, UK...
March 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439078/new-mechanism-to-identify-cost-savings-in-english-nhs-prescribing-minimising-price-per-unit-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Richard Croker, Alex J Walker, Seb Bacon, Helen J Curtis, Lisa French, Ben Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Minimising prescription costs while maintaining quality is a core element of delivering high-value healthcare. There are various strategies to achieve savings, but almost no research to date on determining the most effective approach. We describe a new method of identifying potential savings due to large national variations in drug cost, including variation in generic drug cost, and compare these with potential savings from an established method (generic prescribing). METHODS: We used English National Health Service (NHS) Digital prescribing data, from October 2015 to September 2016...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316916/malaria-programme-personnel-s-experiences-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-malaria-elimination-strategy-in-south-africa
#7
Khumbulani Welcome Hlongwana, Benn Sartorius, Joyce Tsoka-Gwegweni
BACKGROUND: South Africa has set an ambitious goal targeting to eliminate malaria by 2018, which is consistent with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals' call to end the epidemic of malaria by 2030 across the globe. There are conflicting views regarding the feasibility of malaria elimination, and furthermore studies investigating malaria programme personnel's perspectives on strategy implementation are lacking. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014 through a face-to-face investigator-administered semi-structured questionnaire to all eligible and consenting malaria programme personnel (team leader to senior manager levels) in three malaria endemic provinces (KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, and Limpopo) of South Africa...
January 10, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302091/engaging-pharmacy-students-in-research-through-near-peer-training
#8
Benjamin J Lee, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Marc H Scheetz, Milena M McLaughlin
Objective. To describe the implementation of a near-peer training model within a student research program. Methods. A near-peer training model was implemented in a pharmacy student research program to promote development of effective teaching skills and research competencies. Under the supervision of a research mentor, senior learners precepted junior learners in various aspects of translational research. A three-step teaching process was employed throughout the experience in which junior learners performed an assigned task, senior learners provided guidance and mentorship, and research mentors provided feedback for improvement...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283876/a-national-palliative-care-strategy-for-canada
#9
R Sean Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To identify barrier to achieving universal access to high quality palliative care in Canada, review published national strategies and frameworks to promote palliative care, examine key aspects that have been linked to successful outcomes, and make recommendations for Canada. BACKGROUND: In 2014, the World Health Organization called on members to develop and implement policies to ensure palliative care is integrated into national health services. METHODS: Rapid review supplemented by the author's personal files, outreach to colleagues within the international palliative care community, review of European Association for Palliative Care publications, and a subsequent search of the table of contents of the major palliative care journals...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197824/measurement-of-harms-in-community-care-a-qualitative-study-of-use-of-the-nhs-safety-thermometer
#10
Liz Brewster, Carolyn Tarrant, Janet Willars, Natalie Armstrong
OBJECTIVES: Measurement is a vital part of improvement work. While it is known that the context of improvement work influences its success, less is known about how context affects measurement of underlying harms. We sought to explore the use of a harm measurement tool, the NHS Safety Thermometer (NHS-ST), designed for use across diverse healthcare settings in the particular context of community care. METHODS: This is a qualitative study of 19 National Health Service (NHS) organisations, 7 of which had community service provision...
December 2, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190816/a-national-survey-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-county-hospitals-in-china
#11
Dongning Yao, Xiaoyu Xi, Yuankai Huang, Hao Hu, Yuanjia Hu, Yitao Wang, Wenbing Yao
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy is not only a medical science but also an elaborate public health care system firmly related to its subsystems of education, training, qualification authentication, scientific research, management, and human resources. China is a developing country with a tremendous need for improvements in the public health system, including the clinical pharmacy service system. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to evaluate the infrastructure and personnel qualities of clinical pharmacy services in China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149520/compassion-in-practice-evaluating-the-awareness-involvement-and-perceived-impact-of-a-national-nursing-and-midwifery-strategy-amongst-health-care-professionals-in-nhs-trusts-in-england
#12
Helen Allan, Mike O'Driscoll, Liang Liu, Kevin Corbett, Laura Serrant
AIM: To report the findings from an evaluation of the impact of the Compassion in Practice Vision & Strategy (CiPVS) (National Health Service England (NHSE), 2012) on nursing, midwifery and care staff. BACKGROUND: The CiPVS was a programme of work to highlight the importance of compassionate care following the Francis Report in 2013 into the deficits in care in an NHS hospital trust. It was launched by NHS England in 2012 at a time when fiscal cuts were introduced by the Department of Health in England...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126453/public-on-private-dual-practice-among-physicians-in-public-hospitals-of-tigray-national-regional-state-north-ethiopia-perspectives-of-physicians-patients-and-managers
#13
Goitom Gigar Abera, Yibeltal Kiflie Alemayehu, Jeph Herrin
BACKGROUND: Physicians who work in the private sector while also holding a salaried job in a public hospital, known as "dual practice," is one of the main retention strategies adopted by the government of Ethiopia. Dual practice was legally endorsed in Tigray National Regional State, Ethiopia in 2010. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the extent of dual practice, reasons why physicians engage in it, and its effects on public hospital services in this state in northern Ethiopia...
November 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063523/evaluation-of-existing-and-desired-antimicrobial-stewardship-activities-and-strategies-in-swiss-hospitals
#14
M Osthoff, Julia Belicki, Andreas F-X Widmer, For Swissnoso
Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is an important component in the fight against antimicrobial resistance. Currently, few hospitals have an ongoing institutional AMS programme. Swissnoso - the national centre for infection prevention - has launched a national Swiss AMS initiative supported by the office of public health. To guide AMS priorities and resources, current AMS activities in Switzerland were assessed. We distributed an internet-based questionnaire directed mainly to board-certified infectious diseases specialists and, if not available, senior internal medicine staff...
October 24, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058561/implementing-a-multi-sectoral-response-to-hiv-a-case-study-of-aids-councils-in-the-mpumalanga-province-south-africa
#15
Pinky Mahlangu, Jo Vearey, Liz Thomas, Jane Goudge
BACKGROUND: A multi-sectoral response is advocated by international organisations as a good strategy to address the multiple drivers and impact of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), and was historically mandated as a condition of funding. In March 2017, the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) launched the latest 5 year National Strategic Plan (NSP) to address HIV, sexually transmitted infections and tuberculosis. As with previous iterations, the NSP calls for multi-sectoral action (MSA) and mandates AIDS councils (ACs) at different levels to coordinate its implementation...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030328/studying-acute-coronary-syndrome-through-the-world-wide-web-experiences-and-lessons
#16
Angelo A Alonzo
This study details my viewpoint on the experiences, lessons, and assessments of conducting a national study on care-seeking behavior for heart attack in the United States utilizing the World Wide Web. The Yale Heart Study (YHS) was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Grounded on two prior studies, the YHS combined a Web-based interview survey instrument; ads placed on the Internet; flyers and posters in public libraries, senior centers, and rehabilitation centers; information on chat rooms; a viral marketing strategy; and print ads to attract potential participants to share their heart attack experiences...
October 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964509/the-prevalence-of-vision-loss-due-to-ocular-trauma-in-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#17
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of vision loss due to ocular trauma in Australia. METHODS: The National Eye Health Survey (NEHS) is a population-based cross-sectional study that examined 3098 non-Indigenous Australians (aged 50-98 years) and 1738 Indigenous Australians (aged 40-92 years) living in 30 randomly selected sites, stratified by remoteness. An eye was considered to have vision loss due to trauma if the best-corrected visual acuity was worse than 6/12 and the main cause was attributed to ocular trauma...
September 23, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911324/leadership-and-governance-of-community-health-worker-programmes-at-scale-a-cross-case-analysis-of-provincial-implementation-in-south-africa
#18
Helen Schneider, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo
BACKGROUND: National community health worker (CHW) programmes are returning to favour as an integral part of primary health care systems, often on the back of pre-existing community based initiatives. There are significant challenges to the integration and support of such programmes, and they require coordination and stewardship at all levels of the health system. This paper explores the leadership and governance tasks of large-scale CHW programmes at sub-national level, through the case of national reforms to South Africa's community based sector, referred to as the Ward Based Outreach Team (WBOT) strategy...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882908/what-are-the-key-contextual-factors-when-preparing-for-successful-implementation-of-assistive-living-technology-in-primary-elderly-care-a-case-study-from-norway
#19
Martha Therese Gjestsen, Siri Wiig, Ingelin Testad
OBJECTIVE: To identify contextual factors at different organisational levels to guide the implementation of an assistive living technology intervention in Norwegian primary home care. DESIGN: A single embedded case study design was carried out in an urban municipality in Western Norway to get an overview of key contextual factors from the municipality's perspective. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: The data collection was based on a triangulation of methods involving document analysis, semi-structured individual interviews and focus group interviews to get a broad insight when preparing for an intervention...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882265/trends-in-teen-driver-licensure-driving-patterns-and-crash-involvement-in-the-united-states-2006-2015
#20
Ruth A Shults, Allan F Williams
INTRODUCTION: The Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey provides nationally-representative annual estimates of licensure and driving patterns among U.S. teens. A previous study using MTF data reported substantial declines in the proportion of high school seniors that were licensed to drive and increases in the proportion of nondrivers following the recent U.S. economic recession. METHOD: To explore whether licensure and driving patterns among U.S. high school seniors have rebounded in the post-recession years, we analyzed MTF licensure and driving data for the decade of 2006-2015...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
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