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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096037/the-future-is-here-but-there-is-no-reason-to-fear
#1
Nicole Fisher
Nicole Fisher, MPP, PhD, is the founder and chief executive officer at HHR Strategies, a health care and human rights focused advising firm. Additionally, she is a senior policy advisor and expert on health economics, technology, and reform, specifically as they affect vulnerable populations. Nicole runs a health innovation and policy page at Forbes, highlighting and advising companies, ideas, and people that are changing the health landscape. She also is currently pursuing her PhD at the University of North Carolina in the Health Policy and Management Department...
February 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068981/factors-affecting-evidence-use-in-food-policy-making-processes-in-health-and-agriculture-in-fiji
#2
Gade Waqa, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Marj Moodie
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on the use of evidence to inform policy-making in the Pacific. This study aims to identify and describe factors that facilitate or limit the use of evidence in food-related policy-making in the Health and Agriculture Ministries in Fiji. METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with selected policy-makers in two government ministries that were instrumental in the development of food-related policies in Fiji designed to prevent Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064212/impact-of-a-critical-health-workforce-shortage-on-child-health-in-zimbabwe-a-country-case-study-on-progress-in-child-survival-2000-2013
#3
Connie A Haley, Sten H Vermund, Precious Moyo, Aaron M Kipp, Bernard Madzima, Trevor Kanyowa, Teshome Desta, Kasonde Mwinga, Marie A Brault
Despite notable progress reducing global under-five mortality rates, insufficient progress in most sub-Saharan African nations has prevented the achievement of Millennium Development Goal four (MDG#4) to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Country-level assessments of factors underlying why some African countries have not been able to achieve MDG#4 have not been published. Zimbabwe was included in a four-country study examining barriers and facilitators of under-five survival between 2000 and 2013 due to its comparatively slow progress towards MDG#4...
January 7, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059784/an-international-comparative-study-on%C3%A2-driving-regulations-on-people-with%C3%A2-dementia
#4
You Joung Kim, Hoyoung An, Binna Kim, Young Shin Park, Ki Woong Kim
Over 40% of people with dementia drive, with a two to five times greater accident risk than controls. This has fueled public concerns about the risk of traffic accidents by drivers with dementia (DWD). We compared driving regulations on seniors and DWD between ten European and Asia-Pacific countries to identify key implications for national strategies. Moderate to severe dementia was a reason for driver's license revocation in all countries. However, regulations on mild dementia varied considerably, with most basing their decisions on severity, rather than simply the presence of dementia...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967210/relationship-between-falls-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
Amy Caron, William T Gallo, Laura L Durbin, Thelma J Mielenz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the potential relationship between different forms of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use and falls among older adults in New York City (NYC). DESIGN: This cross-sectional study of data from the NYC Health Indicators Project survey used modified questionnaire items from several national surveys. SETTINGS: Participants were recruited from 56 senior centers located in the 5 boroughs of NYC...
January 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934539/healthcare-reform-in-the-middle-east-and-the-usa
#6
Mustafa Z Younis
Mustafa Z Younis speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Mustafa Z Younis is an internationally recognized scholar and was a member of the Executive Committee of the International Society for Research of Healthcare Financial Management. Dr Younis has authored and published over 200 articles, abstracts and presentations in refereed journals and meetings, and has presented at national and international conferences. Dr Younis has administrative experience as Senior Adviser for the President at Zirve University, Turkey and as Chair of the Department of Health Policy and Management at Florida International University (FL, USA) where he led the accreditation efforts for the Healthcare Management Program...
January 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843821/geriatric-health-policy-in-india-the-need-for-scaling-up-implementation
#7
REVIEW
N Sherin Susan Paul, Mathew Asirvatham
In an anticipation of the rising geriatric population in India, the Central government constituted the National Policy for Older Persons in 1999 to promote the health and welfare of senior citizens in India. A major strategy of this policy is to encourage families to take care of their older family members. The policy also encourages voluntary organizations to supplement the care provided by the family and provide care and protection to vulnerable elderly people. The implementation of this policy, particularly in the rural areas, has been negligible and calls for a scaling-up of programs to address the physical, psychological, and social needs of the poor...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575639/building-resilient-communities-a-facilitated-discussion
#8
Ron Bowles, Gregory S Anderson, Colleen Vaughan
The Building Resilient Communities Workshop was hosted and organized by the Justice Institute of British Columbia, with the support of Emergency Management British Columbia and the Canadian Safety and Security Program, Defence Research and Development Canada, Centre for Security Science. Thirty-four participants from multiple levels of government, senior practitioners, policy makers, academia, community members, and a variety of agencies disseminated knowledge and developed concrete strategies and priority actions areas for supporting ongoing and emerging initiatives in community and disaster resilience planning...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501867/a-tale-of-loss-of-privilege-resilience-and-change-the-impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-physicians-and-medical-services-in-portugal
#9
Giuliano Russo, Inês Rego, Julian Perelman, Pedro Pita Barros
That the current economic crisis is having an impact on population health and healthcare utilisation across Europe is fairly established; how national health systems and markets are reacting is however still poorly understood. Drawing from the economic literature we conducted 21 interviews with physicians, policy-makers and healthcare managers in Portugal, to explore their perceptions on the impact of the crisis on the country's market medical services, on physicians' motivation, and the ensuing coping strategies...
September 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454656/an-analytical-perspective-of-global-health-initiatives-in-tanzania-and-zambia
#10
Aziza Mwisongo, Alice Ntamwishimiro Soumare, Juliet Nabyonga-Orem
BACKGROUND: A number of Global health initiatives (GHIs) have been created to support low and middle income countries. Their support has been of different forms. The African Region has benefitted immensely from GHIs and continues to register an increase in health partnerships and initiatives. However, information on the functioning and operationalisation of GHIs in the countries is limited. METHODS: This study involved two country case studies, one in Tanzania and the other one in Zambia...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429322/the-development-of-the-older-person-s-nurse-fellowship-education-concept-to-delivery
#11
Corina Naughton, Nicky Hayes, Zainab Zahran, Christine Norton, Geraldine Lee, Joanne M Fitzpatrick, Mary Crawford, Stephen Tee
BACKGROUND: Preparing the nursing workforce to meet the challenges of an ageing population is a priority for many countries. The development of an Older Person's Nurse Fellowship (OPNF) programme for senior clinical nurses is an important innovation. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the philosophical development, delivery and early evaluation of the OPNF. DESIGN: In 2014, Health Education England funded 24 senior clinical nurses to participate in the OPNF...
September 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397752/shining-the-light-on-the-dark-side-of-medical-leadership-a-qualitative-study-in-australia
#12
Erwin Loh, Jennifer Morris, Laura Thomas, Marie Magdaleen Bismark, Grant Phelps, Helen Dickinson
Purpose The paper aims to explore the beliefs of doctors in leadership roles of the concept of "the dark side", using data collected from interviews carried out with 45 doctors in medical leadership roles across Australia. The paper looks at the beliefs from the perspectives of doctors who are already in leadership roles themselves; to identify potential barriers they might have encountered and to arrive at better-informed strategies to engage more doctors in the leadership of the Australian health system. The research question is: "What are the beliefs of medical leaders that form the key themes or dimensions of the negative perception of the 'dark side'?"...
July 4, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367805/free-flap-reconstruction-what-do-microsurgeons-prefer-for-themselves
#13
Benoit Chaput, Ali Mojallal, Nicolas Bertheuil, Raphael Carloni, Jean Louis Grolleau, Raphael Sinna, Farid Bekara, Christian Herlin
Background The recent development of perforator flaps has changed the reconstructive strategy for common integumental defects and has refocused the attention of microsurgeons to donor site morbidity. We asked a representative panel of microsurgeons about the free flap they would use to cover a common integumental defect on their own body to investigate the best free-flap donor sites. Methods In total, 100 practitioners participated in the "FreeFlap4U" study, representing 77.3% of the French national plastic surgery teams practicing microsurgery...
October 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305656/what-will-it-take-to-improve-prevention-of-chronic-diseases-in-australia-a-case-study-of-two-national-approaches
#14
Sonia Wutzke, Emily Morrice, Murray Benton, Andrew Wilson
Objective Despite being a healthy country by international standards, Australia has a growing and serious burden from chronic diseases. There have been several national efforts to tackle this problem, but despite some important advances much more needs to be done. From the viewpoint of diverse stakeholders, the present study examined two approaches to controlling chronic disease in Australia: (1) the 2005 National Chronic Disease Strategy (NCDS); and (2) the 2008 National Partnership Agreement on Preventive Health (NPAPH)...
June 16, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215272/evidence-based-programs-for-older-adults-a-disconnect-between-u-s-national-strategy-and-local-senior-center-implementation
#15
Julie Bobitt, Andiara Schwingel
While U.S. national policies have been developed to support evidence-based (EB) lifestyle programs for older adults, there has been limited research to determine the extent to which these programs actually reach local communities. This study sought to identify factors that impact the implementation of EB physical activity, nutrition, and chronic disease management programs at regional (Area Agencies on Aging [AAAs]) and community levels (senior Centers [SCs]). Interviews were conducted with directors of four AAAs and 12 SCs to understand their perspectives on EB program implementation...
January 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209496/the-first-national-study-of-neighborhood-parks-implications-for-physical-activity
#16
Deborah A Cohen, Bing Han, Catherine J Nagel, Peter Harnik, Thomas L McKenzie, Kelly R Evenson, Terry Marsh, Stephanie Williamson, Christine Vaughan, Sweatha Katta
INTRODUCTION: An extensive infrastructure of neighborhood parks supports leisure time physical activity in most U.S. cities; yet, most Americans do not meet national guidelines for physical activity. Neighborhood parks have never been assessed nationally to identify their role in physical activity. METHODS: Using a stratified multistage sampling strategy, a representative sample of 174 neighborhood parks in 25 major cities (population >100,000) across the U.S...
October 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180313/examining-the-july-effect-a-national-survey-of-academic-leaders-in-medicine
#17
Kathryn Levy, Jessica Voit, Amit Gupta, Christopher M Petrilli, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Whether the "July Effect" affects perspectives or has prompted changes in US Internal Medicine residency programs is unknown. METHODS: We designed a survey-based study to assess views and efforts aimed at preventing harm in July. A convenience sampling strategy (email listserv and direct messages to program leaders via the Electronic Residency Application Service) was used to disseminate the survey. RESULTS: The response rate was 16% (65/418 programs); however, a total of 262 respondents from all 50 states where residency programs are located were included...
July 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066986/growing-the-pipeline-of-diverse-hiv-investigators-the-impact-of-mentored-research-experiences-to-engage-underrepresented-minority-students
#18
Jonathan Fuchs, Aminta Kouyate, Liz Kroboth, Willi McFarland
Structured, mentored research programs for high school and undergraduate students from underrepresented minority (URM) backgrounds are needed to increase the diversity of our nation's biomedical research workforce. In particular, a robust pipeline of investigators from the communities disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic is needed not only for fairness and equity but for insights and innovations to address persistent racial and ethnic disparities in new infections. We created the Summer HIV/AIDS Research Program (SHARP) at the San Francisco Department of Public Health for URM undergraduates as a 12-week program of hands-on research experience, one-on-one mentoring by a senior HIV investigator, didactic seminars for content and research methods, and networking opportunities...
September 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037149/implementation-of-policies-and-strategies-for-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases-in-malawi-challenges-and-opportunities
#19
Phindile Chitsulo Lupafya, Beatrice L Matanje Mwagomba, Kathy Hosig, Lucy M Maseko, Henry Chimbali
Malawi is a Sub-Saharan African country experiencing the epidemiological transition from predominantly infectious to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) with dramatically increasing prevalence of lifestyle-related diseases such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. Malawi's 2011-2016 Health Sector Strategic Plan included NCDs, and an NCD Control Program was established with subsequent development of a National Action Plan for prevention and management of NCDs launched in 2013. The current study was designed to identify gaps in implementation of NCD control program policies and action plan strategies by describing current efforts toward prevention and management of NCDs in Malawi with emphasis on challenges and opportunities...
April 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27005997/an-evaluation-of-the-open-and-honest-care-programme-in-acute-nhs-trusts-in-northern-england
#20
Angela Christiansen, Tracey Barnes, Toni Bewley, Axel Kaehne, Dave Lynes, Andrew Kirkcaldy
AIM: To explore the impact of the National Health Service England's Open and Honest Care Programme on patient safety, patient and staff experience and improvement practices within acute National Health Service settings. BACKGROUND: The Open and Honest Care Programme forms a key tenet of the Nursing Midwifery and Care Staff Strategy launched by the Department of Health in England and Wales in 2012. METHODS: An electronic survey (n = 387) was administered to National Health Service staff...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
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