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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789708/combined-genotyping-microbial-diversity-and-metabolite-profiling-studies-on-farmed-mytilus-spp-from-kiel-fjord
#1
Caroline Utermann, Delphine Parrot, Corinna Breusing, Heiko Stuckas, Tim Staufenberger, Martina Blümel, Antje Labes, Deniz Tasdemir
The blue mussel Mytilus is a popular food source with high economical value. Species of the M. edulis complex (M. edulis, M. galloprovincialis and M. trossulus) hybridise whenever their geographic ranges overlap posing difficulties to species discrimination, which is important for blue mussel aquaculture. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic structure of farmed blue mussels in Kiel Fjord. Microbial and metabolic profile patterns were studied to investigate a possible dependency on the genotype of the bivalves...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773961/an-example-of-aerosol-pattern-variability-over-bright-surface-using-high-resolution-modis-maiac-the-eastern-and-western-areas-of-the-dead-sea-and-environs
#2
Sever Lee, Alpert Pinhas, Lyapustin Alexei, Wang Yujie, Chudnovsky A Alexandra
The extreme rate of evaporation of the Dead Sea (DS) has serious implicatios for the surrounding area, including atmospheric conditions. This study analyzes the aerosol properties over the western and eastern parts of the DS during the year 2013, using MAIAC (Multi-Angle Implementation of Atmospheric Correction) for MODIS, which retrieves aerosol optical depth (AOD) data at a resolution of 1km. The main goal of the study is to evaluate MAIAC over the study area and determine, for the first time, the prevailing aerosol spatial patterns...
September 2017: Atmospheric Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763757/synthesis-and-characterization-of-phytochemical-fabricated-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-with-enhanced-antibacterial-and-catalytic-applications
#3
Jawad Ali, Rabia Irshad, Baoshan Li, Kamran Tahir, Aftab Ahmad, Muhammad Shakeel, Naeem Ullah Khan, Zia Ul Haq Khan
A "green route" to fabricate nanoparticles has emerged as a revolutionary approach. The reported work presents a green approach to synthesize ZnO nanoparticles using Conyza canadensis plant leaves extract. The synthesis of ZnO was conducted at two different temperatures i.e. 30 °C and 80 °C. ZnO nanoparticles prepared at 80 °C were smaller in size and exhibited spherical morphology. The prepared nanomaterials were examined for the reduction of organic dyes i.e. methylene blue and methyl orange...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757226/inflammation-not-cholesterol-is-a-cause-of-chronic-disease
#4
REVIEW
Alexandros Tsoupras, Ronan Lordan, Ioannis Zabetakis
Since the Seven Countries Study, dietary cholesterol and the levels of serum cholesterol in relation to the development of chronic diseases have been somewhat demonised. However, the principles of the Mediterranean diet and relevant data linked to the examples of people living in the five blue zones demonstrate that the key to longevity and the prevention of chronic disease development is not the reduction of dietary or serum cholesterol but the control of systemic inflammation. In this review, we present all the relevant data that supports the view that it is inflammation induced by several factors, such as platelet-activating factor (PAF), that leads to the onset of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) rather than serum cholesterol...
May 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752644/a-new-candidate-laser-dye-based-1-4-bis-%C3%AE-2-naphthothiazolyle-vinyl-benzene-spectroscopic-behavior-laser-parameters-and-excitation-energy-transfer
#5
Abeer N Al-Romaizan, Mahmoud A Hussein
A new candidate laser dye based 1,4-bis[β-(2-naphthothisolyl) vinyl] benzene (BNTVB) were prepared, and characterized in various organic solvents. The center polarity is less sensitive than electronic absorption. A red shift was noticed in the fluorescence spectra (ca. 40 nm) with increment in the solvent's polarity, this means that BNTVB's polarity appreciates upon excitation. The dipole moment of ground state (μg ) and the excited singlet state dipole moment (μe ) are determined from Kawski - Chamma and Bakshiev-Viallet equations using the disparity of Stokes shift with solvent polarity function of ε (dielectric constant) and n (refractive index) of the solvent...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736730/a-scanning-electron-microscopy-study-of-anisakis-physeteris-molecularly-identified-from-third-stage-larvae-from-fish-to-fourth-stage-larvae-obtained-in-vitro
#6
Dolores Molina-Fernández, Francisco Javier Adroher, Rocío Benítez
The development of the fourth larval stage (L4) of Anisakis physeteris was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), comparing it with third larval stage (L3) recently obtained from the host fish, blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou), from the western Mediterranean Sea (east coast of Spain, zone FAO 37.1.1). After molting to L4, samples of the parasite were examined at different times in order to observe their development. Following collection of the L4, a small portion was taken from the middle of the larva for molecular identification, confirming in all cases that it was A...
May 7, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733942/terminalia-laxiflora-and-terminalia-brownii-contain-a-broad-spectrum-of-antimycobacterial-compounds-including-ellagitannins-ellagic-acid-derivatives-triterpenes-fatty-acids-and-fatty-alcohols
#7
Enass Y A Salih, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto, Anna-Maija Lampi, Markku Kanninen, Olavi Luukkanen, Marketta Sipi, Mari Lehtonen, Heikki Vuorela, Pia Fyhrquist
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels, (Sudanese Arabic name: Darout الدروت) and Terminalia brownii Fresen (Sudanese Arabic name: Alshaf ألشاف) (Combretaceae) are used in Sudanese traditional folk medicine and in other African countries for treatment of infectious diseases, TB and its symptoms, such as cough, bronchitis and chest pain. AIM OF STUDY: Because of the frequent use of T. laxiflora and T. brownii in African traditional medicine and due to the absence of studies regarding their antimycobacterial potential there was a need to screen extracts of T...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732023/shaping-ability-of-reciproc-blue-reciprocating-instruments-with-or-without-glide-path-in-simulated-s-shaped-root-canals
#8
Cangul Keskin, Evren Sarıyılmaz, Murat Demiral
Background. The present study aimed to compare the shaping ability of Reciproc Blue instruments with or without the creation of a glide path in simulated S-shaped root canals. Methods. Root canals of thirty #15.02 clear resin S-shaped blocks were dyed using ink and photographed. Then the blocks were randomly divided into 2 groups: group A: Reciproc Blue with glide path created with ProGlider and group B: Reciproc Blue with no glide path preparation (n=15). The blocks were also photographed after preparation...
2018: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721643/the-distribution-patterns-of-comp-and-matrilin-3-in-septal-alar-and-triangular-cartilages-of-the-human-nose
#9
Paul Severin Wiggenhauser, Silke Schwarz, Nicole Rotter
The biomechanical characteristics of septal cartilage depend strongly on the distinct extracellular matrix of cartilage tissue; therefore, it is essential that the components of this matrix are identified and understood. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) and matrilin-3 are localised in articular cartilage. This study was the first to examine all subtypes of mature human nasal cartilages (alar, triangular and septal) with specific attention to the distribution of COMP and matrilin-3. Three whole fresh-frozen noses from human donors were dissected, and exemplary biopsies were examined using histochemical staining (haematoxylin and eosin and Alcian blue) and immunohistochemistry (collagen II, COMP and matrilin-3)...
May 2, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702049/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-a-community-of-resilient-centenarians-and-seniors-implications-for-a-chronic-disease-prevention-framework
#10
Rhonda Spencer-Hwang, Xochitl Torres, Johanny Valladares, Marco Pasco-Rubio, Molly Dougherty, Wonha Kim
CONTEXT: Research has linked adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with chronic disease in adults and diminished life span. Adverse biological embedding of ACEs potentially occurs through inflammatory mechanisms; inflammatory marker alterations are identified as candidate biomarkers for mediating health consequences. Lifestyle practices of residents of California's Loma Linda Blue Zone, one of five worldwide longevity hotspots, may provide insight into inflammation remediation and chronic disease prevention...
March 11, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694357/development-of-a-statistical-model-for-cervical-cancer-cell-death-with-irreversible-electroporation-in-vitro
#11
Yongji Yang, Michael A J Moser, Edwin Zhang, Wenjun Zhang, Bing Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop a statistical model for cell death by irreversible electroporation (IRE) and to show that the statistic model is more accurate than the electric field threshold model in the literature using cervical cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: HeLa cell line was cultured and treated with different IRE protocols in order to obtain data for modeling the statistical relationship between the cell death and pulse-setting parameters. In total, 340 in vitro experiments were performed with a commercial IRE pulse system, including a pulse generator and an electric cuvette...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620004/a-new-dermoscopic-algorithm-for-the-differential-diagnosis-of-facial-lentigo-maligna-and-pigmented-actinic-keratosis
#12
Tamara Micantonio, Luca Neri, Caterina Longo, Simone Grassi, Alessandro Di Stefani, Ambra Antonini, Valeria Coco, Maria Concetta Fargnoli, Giuseppe Argenziano, Ketty Peris
The clinical and dermoscopic diagnosis of facial lentigo maligna (LM) and pigmented actinic keratosis (PAK) remains challenging, particularly at the early disease stages. To identify dermoscopic criteria that might be useful to differentiate LM from PAK, and to elaborate and validate an automated diagnostic algorithm for facial LM/PAK. We performed a retrospective multicentre study to evaluate dermoscopic images of histologically-proven LM and PAK, and assess previously described dermoscopic criteria. In the first part of the study, 61 cases of LM and 74 PAK were examined and a parsimonious algorithm was elaborated using stepwise discriminant analysis...
April 5, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610577/profiling-and-quantification-of-grain-anthocyanins-in-purple-pericarp-%C3%A3-blue-aleurone-wheat-crosses-by-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-and-densitometry
#13
Stefan Böhmdorfer, Josua Timotheus Oberlerchner, Christina Fuchs, Thomas Rosenau, Heinrich Grausgruber
Background: Anthocyanins are abundant secondary metabolites responsible for most blue to blue-black, and red to purple colors of various plant organs. In wheat grains, anthocyanins are accumulated in the pericarp and/or aleurone layer. Anthocyanin pigmented wheat grains can be processed into functional foods with potential health benefits due to the antioxidant properties of the anthocyanins. The grain anthocyanin content can be increased by pyramidizing the different genes responsible for the accumulation of anthocyanins in the different grain layers...
2018: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603927/chips-in-the-sunshine-color-constancy-with-real-versus-simulated-munsell-chips-under-illuminants-adjacent-to-the-daylight-locus
#14
Jeremiah M F Kelly, Ausra Daugirdiene, Janus J Kulikowski, Ian J Murray
Accurate color judgments rely on a powerful cognitive component. Here we compare the performance of color constancy under real and simulated conditions. Shifts in the u' v' color plane induced by illuminant A (2750 K) and illuminant S (>20,000  K) were measured using asymmetric color matching. A general linear model was used to predict performance from the following dependent variables: chroma ("4" and "6"), illuminant ("A" and "S"), presentation mode ("Real" and "Monitor"), and hue zone ("blue," "green," "yellow," "red," and "purple")...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594561/microfluidic-paper-based-device-for-colorimetric-determination-of-glucose-based-on-a-metal-organic-framework-acting-as-peroxidase-mimetic
#15
Inmaculada Ortiz-Gómez, Alfonso Salinas-Castillo, Amalia García García, José Antonio Álvarez-Bermejo, Ignacio de Orbe-Payá, Antonio Rodríguez-Diéguez, Luis Fermín Capitán-Vallvey
This work presents a microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μPAD) for glucose determination using a supported metal-organic framework (MOF) acting as a peroxidase mimic. The catalytic action of glucose oxidase (GOx) on glucose causes the formation of H2 O2 , and the MOF causes the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) by H2 O2 to form a blue-green product with an absorption peak at 650 nm in the detection zone. A digital camera and the iOS feature of a smartphone are used for the quantitation of glucose with the S coordinate of the HSV color space as the analytical parameter...
December 13, 2017: Mikrochimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594441/enhancement-of-lateral-flow-immunoassay-by-alkaline-phosphatase-a-simple-and-highly-sensitive-test-for-potato-virus-x
#16
Vasily G Panferov, Irina V Safenkova, Yury A Varitsev, Anatoly V Zherdev, Boris B Dzantiev
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was used as an amplification tool in lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA). Potato virus Х (PVX) was selected as a target analyte because of its high economic importance. Two conjugates of gold nanoparticles were applied, one with mouse monoclonal antibody against PVX and one with ALP-labeled antibody against mouse IgG. They were immobilized to two fiberglass membranes on the test strip for use in LFIA. After exposure to the sample, a substrate for ALP (5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl phosphate/nitro blue tetrazolium) was dropped on the test strip...
December 6, 2017: Mikrochimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570023/efficacy-of-modern-light-curing-units-in-polymerizing-peripheral-zones-in-simulated-large-bulk-fill-resin-composite-fillings
#17
N Ilie, B I Luca
The variation in micro-hardness (HV) within simulated large cavities (10 × 6 mm) filled in one increment with three bulk-fill resin-based composites (BF-RBC) was assessed by means of a universal hardness device. Modern blue and violet-blue light curing units (LCUs) were applied in three different positions, by rotating the LCU in 120° steps. The exposure distance was 3 mm. One center and two peripheral (4-mm apart from the center) HV line profiles were measured in 0.5-mm steps at 24 hours postpolymerization to calculate the depth of cure (DOC)...
March 23, 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560843/evaluating-x-ray-microanalysis-phase-maps-using-principal-component-analysis
#18
Ben Buse, Stuart Kearns
Automated phase maps are an important tool for characterizing samples but the data quality must be evaluated. Common options include the overlay of phases on backscattered electron (BSE) images and phase composition averages and standard deviations. Both these methods have major limitations. We propose two methods of evaluation involving principal component analysis. First, a red-green-blue composite image of the first three principal components, which comprise the majority of the chemical variation, which provides a good reference against which phase maps can be compared...
April 2018: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560719/enhancing-the-overall-performances-of-blue-light-emitting-electrochemical-cells-by-using-an-electron-injecting-transporting-ionic-additive
#19
Lei He, Xiaoxiang Wang, Lian Duan
Light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) have emerged as a promising emissive thin-film technology for next-generation solid-state lighting. However, blue LECs show low performances, which has remained a bottleneck for the fabrication of white LECs for lighting applications. Here, we demonstrate a remarkable enhancement of overall device performance for blue LECs by using an electron-injecting/transporting ionic additive, that is, [Zn(bpy)3 ](PF6 )2 (bpy is 2.2'-bipyridine, PF6 - is hexafluorophosphate)...
April 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530252/two-dimensional-%C3%AE-moo-3-x-nanoflakes-as-bare-eye-probe-for-hydrogen-peroxide-in-biological-fluids
#20
Amit Kumar Sharma, Sunil Pandey, Krishna Hari Sharma, Yowan Nerthigan, M Shahnawaz Khan, Da-Ren Hang, Hui-Fen Wu
We report a rapid and facile method for detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) in biological fluids using sub-stoichiometric two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum trioxide (α-MoO3-x ) nanoflakes. The two-dimensional nanoflakes, initially blue in color, is oxidized after interaction with hydrogen peroxide thereby changing its oxidation state to form α-MoO3 . The change in oxidation state of nanoflakes transforms from blue to a visually distinct hazy blue color with change in absorption spectrum. The phenomenal property is explored here in sensing up to 34 nM as limit of detection...
July 26, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
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