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blue zones

Chandrashekhar Patil, Rahul Suryawanshi, Sunil Koli, Satish Patil
Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase (ACCD) producing microorganisms support plant growth under a variety of biotic and abiotic stress conditions such as drought, soil salinity, flooding, heavy metal pollution and phyto-pathogen attack. Available screening methods for ACCD give idea only about its primary microbial ACCD activity than the actual potential. In the present investigation, we have simply improved screening method by incorporating pH indicator dyes (phenol red and bromothymol blue) in ACC containing medium...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Yuedong Hu, Liu Ningning, Yanyan Chen
We report a case of tamoxifen associated macular hole with typical optical imaging and clinical features. A 53-year-old woman came to our department for gradual decrees of vision acuity in both eyes for 3 months after 30 months low-dosage-tamoxifen treatment as adjuvant treatment for invasive ductal breast carcinoma. Her best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.4 in the right eye and 0.12 in the left eye. Dilated fundus examination showed macular multiple, fine, crystalline deposits and small white points in retina of both eyes...
October 13, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Yusan Yang, Corinne L Richards-Zawacki, Anisha Devar, Matthew B Dugas
The concurrent divergence of mating traits and preferences is necessary for the evolution of reproductive isolation via sexual selection, and such co-evolution has been demonstrated in diverse lineages. However, the extent to which assortative mate preferences are sufficient to drive reproductive isolation in nature is less clear. Natural contact zones between lineages divergent in traits and preferences provide exceptional opportunities for testing the predicted evolutionary consequences of such divergence...
October 5, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Robert C Rennert, Kate T Carroll, Mir Amaan Ali, Thomas Hamelin, Leon Chang, Brian P Lemkuil, Clark C Chen
OBJECTIVE Stereotactic laser ablation (SLA) is typically performed in the setting of intraoperative MRI or in a staged manner in which probe insertion is performed in the operating room and thermal ablation takes place in an MRI suite. METHODS The authors describe their experience, in which SLA for glioblastoma (GBM) treatment was performed entirely within a conventional MRI suite using the SmartFrame stereotactic device. RESULTS All 10 patients with GBM (2 with isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 mutation [mIDH1] and 8 with wild-type IDH1 [wtIDH1]) were followed for > 6 months...
October 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Nigussie Haregeweyn, Atsushi Tsunekawa, Jean Poesen, Mitsuru Tsubo, Derege Tsegaye Meshesha, Ayele Almaw Fenta, Jan Nyssen, Enyew Adgo
In the drought-prone Upper Blue Nile River (UBNR) basin of Ethiopia, soil erosion by water results in significant consequences that also affect downstream countries. However, there have been limited comprehensive studies of this and other basins with diverse agroecologies. We analyzed the variability of gross soil loss and sediment yield rates under present and expected future conditions using a newly devised methodological framework. The results showed that the basin generates an average soil loss rate of 27...
September 10, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Mohammad Motamedifar, Hengameh Khosropanah, Shima Dabiri
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Dental caries is one the most prevalent diseases that affects humans throughout their lives. Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is recognized as the most important microorganism during tooth cariogenicity. Reducing this germ in oral cavity can reduce the rate of tooth decays in humans. PURPOSE: The present study compared the antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extract of Peganum harmala L. seeds and 0.2% chlorhexidine on S. mutans. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Agar diffusion technique and micro broth dilution method were employed to test the antimicrobial effects of these two agents on S...
September 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Jae-Hyeok Lee, Sun-Yong Baek, YoungKyu Song, Sujeong Lim, Hansol Lee, Minh Phuong Nguyen, Eun-Joo Kim, Gi Yeong Huh, Se Young Chun, HyungJoon Cho
High field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based delineation of the substantia nigra (SN) and visualization of its inner cellular organization are promising methods for the evaluation of morphological changes associated with neurodegenerative diseases; however, corresponding MR contrasts must be matched and validated with quantitative histological information. Slices from two postmortem SN samples were imaged with a 7 Tesla (7T) MRI with T1 and T2* imaging protocols and then stained with Perl's Prussian blue, Kluver-Barrera, tyrosine hydroxylase, and calbindin immunohistochemistry in a serial manner...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mohammad Ejaz Ahmed, Donovan Tucker, Yan Dong, Yujiao Lu, Ningjun Zhao, Ruimin Wang, Quanguang Zhang
Ischemic stroke in rodents stimulates neurogenesis in the adult brain and the proliferation of newborn neurons that migrate into the penumbra zone. The present study investigated the effect of Methylene Blue (MB) on neurogenesis and functional recovery in a photothrombotic (PT) model of ischemic stroke in rats. PT stroke model was induced by photo-activation of Rose Bengal dye in cerebral blood flow by cold fiber light. Rats received intraperitoneal injection of either MB (0.5mg/kg/day) from day 1 to day 5 after stroke or an equal volume of saline solution as a control...
November 12, 2016: Neuroscience
Janine Spieker, Anica Ackermann, Anika Salfelder, Astrid Vogel-Höpker, Paul G Layer
Formation of the vertebrate limb presents an excellent model to analyze a non-neuronal cholinergic system (NNCS). Here, we first analyzed the expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by IHC and of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) by ISH in developing embryonic chicken limbs (stages HH17-37). AChE outlined formation of bones, being strongest at their distal tips, and later also marked areas of cell death. At onset, AChE and ChAT were elevated in two organizing centers of the limb anlage, the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) and zone of polarizing activity (ZPA), respectively...
2016: PloS One
C Hartog, V Centmaier-Molnar, R Patzwahl, D Pfofe, M Wiewiorski
A bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP), also known as a Nora lesion, is a rare benign bone formation. It emanates mainly from the intact cortex of the metaphysis of short tubular bones (hands or feet). Conventional radiographs should be complemented using cross-sectional imaging modalities (CT/MRI). In the absence of symptoms a non-operative regime with radiological and clinical controls is possible. If symptomatic, excision biopsy is the treatment of choice, though a high recurrence rate has been reported...
October 2016: Der Orthopäde
Weiwei Chen, Xueen Fang, Hua Li, Hongmei Cao, Jilie Kong
Contamination of the environment by mercury(II) ions (Hg(2+)) poses a serious threat to human health and ecosystems. Up to now, many reported Hg(2+) sensors require complex procedures, long measurement times and sophisticated instrumentation. We have developed a simple, rapid, low cost and naked-eye quantitative method for Hg(2+) environmental analysis using a paper-based colorimetric device (PCD). The sample solution to which platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) have been added is dispensed to the detection zone on the PCD, where the 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) substrate has been pre-loaded...
2016: Scientific Reports
Josh Adams, Melanie Wright, Hannah Wagner, Jonathan Valiente, David Britt, Anne Anderson
Utilization of CuO nanoparticles (NPs) in agriculture, as fertilizers or pesticides, requires understanding of their impact on plant metabolism. Inhibition of root elongation by CuO NPs (>10 mg Cu/kg) occurred in wheat grown in sand. Morphological changes included root hair proliferation and shortening of the zones of division and elongation. The epidermal cells in the compressed root tip were abnormal in shape and file patterning but staining with SYTOX Blue did not reveal a general increase in epidermal cell death...
August 8, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Xiuhui Tian, Yingjiang Xu, Xiukai Song, Xianghong Gong, Yihao Liu, Quanli Zhou, Zhongquan Wang, Chuanhai Xia
Semicarbazide (SEM), an industrial raw material and the marker residue of nitrofurazone as a veterinary drug, has become a new type of marine pollutant. A standard method (ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, UPLC-MS/MS) was used to analyze SEM in seawater, sediment, and shellfish. A series of sections and stations were set up in radical distribution in western Laizhou Bay, with six voyages and 150 monitoring samples. The concentrations of SEM in seawater and shellfish were 10(-11) and 10(-10)kg/L, respectively, and no SEM was detected in the sediment...
November 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
(no author information available yet)
The cover shows a light sheet fluorescence microcopy image of a murine heart from diphtheria toxin treated CD11c-DTR mouse affected by fulminant myocarditis. The massive leukocyte infiltration was visualized by intravenous injection of fluorescent anti-CD45 antibodies. The autofluorescence channel reveals massive organ dilatation (grey). The leukocytic infiltrate is depicted in a heat map overlay from low (blue) to very high (bright yellow) and mainly affects the zone of the stimulus transduction system and the valves...
August 2016: European Journal of Immunology
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Adriane A Braga, Erika T Nunes, Laura S López-Grecco, Maria Izabel Camargo-Mathias, Vivian Fransozo
This study analyzes the dynamics of the vitellogenesis process in the simultaneous protandric hermaphrodite shrimp Exhippolysmata oplophoroides, based on light microscopic observations. The ovotestes of the shrimps at the different gonadal development stages were removed, fixed and submitted an usual histological procedure (HE) and histochemical techniques (Bromophenol Blue, PAS/Alcian Blue, and Von Kossa tests). The germinative cells were classified into oogonias, and oocytes in stages I-IV based on the following features: cell size, cytoplasm appearance, presence of yolk granules, lipid droplets, chorion, and chromatin patterns...
September 2016: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Cascade J B Sorte, Victoria E Davidson, Marcus C Franklin, Kylla M Benes, Meredith M Doellman, Ron J Etter, Robyn E Hannigan, Jane Lubchenco, Bruce A Menge
The earth is in the midst of a biodiversity crisis, and projections indicate continuing and accelerating rates of global changes. Future alterations in communities and ecosystems may be precipitated by changes in the abundance of strongly interacting species, whose disappearance can lead to profound changes in abundance of other species, including an increase in extinction rate for some. Nearshore coastal communities are often dependent on the habitat and food resources provided by foundational plant (e.g., kelp) and animal (e...
July 13, 2016: Global Change Biology
Shelley Mo, Brian Krawitz, Eleni Efstathiadis, Lawrence Geyman, Rishard Weitz, Toco Y P Chui, Joseph Carroll, Alfredo Dubra, Richard B Rosen
PURPOSE: To compare the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscope fluorescein angiography (AOSLO FA) for characterizing the foveal microvasculature in healthy and vasculopathic eyes. METHODS: Four healthy controls and 11 vasculopathic patients (4 diabetic retinopathy, 4 retinal vein occlusion, and 3 sickle cell retinopathy) were imaged with OCTA and AOSLO FA. Foveal perfusion maps were semiautomatically skeletonized for quantitative analysis, which included foveal avascular zone (FAZ) metrics (area, perimeter, acircularity index) and vessel density in three concentric annular regions of interest...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Annalice Chang, Kyle Pfeifer, Peter Chen, Vivek Kalra, Myung Soo Shin
The term "small round blue cell" is frequently used as a cursory radiologic pathological correlation of aggressive tumors throughout the body. We present a pictorial essay of common and uncommon subtypes of small round blue cell tumors in the chest illustrating the characteristic radiologic findings of each lesion. In addition, we review the pathologic findings of each tumor subtype with characteristic hematoxylin- and eosin-stained photomicrographs and immunohistochemical and molecular studies. Represented tumors include small cell carcinoma, Ewing sarcoma, extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, desmoplastic small round cell tumor, and posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Gregory C Kujoth, Gabriel F Neves, Ulas Cikla, Erinc Akture, Kutluay Uluc, Chihwa Song, Tomer Hananya, Alireza Sadighi, Peter Ferrazzano, Mustafa K Baskaya
AIM: We have applied diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to interrogate microstructural changes in white matter integrity in a widely used middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of cerebral ischemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed ex vivo DTI 35 days after 60 minutes transient focal ischemia in male spontaneously hypertensive rats and generated fractional anisotropy (FA), mean, axial and radial diffusivity maps. Regions of interest corresponding to external capsule (EC), corpus callosum (CC) and internal capsule (IC) were compared among sham and stroked rats...
2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
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