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modified TERT mRNA

Giovanni E Lombardo, Valentina Maggisano, Marilena Celano, Donato Cosco, Chiara Mignogna, Federica Baldan, Saverio M Lepore, Lorenzo Allegri, Sonia Moretti, Cosimo Durante, Giuseppe Damante, Massimo Fresta, Diego Russo, Stefania Bulotta, Efisio Puxeddu
The high frequency of hTERT-promoting mutations and the increased expression of hTERT mRNA in anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) make TERT a suitable molecular target for the treatment of this lethal neoplasm. In this study, we encapsulated an anti-hTERT oligonucleotide in biocompatible nanoparticles and analyzed the effects of this novel pharmaceutical preparation in preclinical models of ATC. Biocompatible nanoparticles were obtained in an acidified aqueous solution containing chitosan, anti-hTERT oligoRNAs and poloxamer 188 as a stabilizer...
March 21, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Juntao Xu, Xiaoru Duan, Feng Hu, Devesh Poorun, Xinxin Liu, Xin Wang, Song Zhang, Lu Gan, Mengwen He, Ke Zhu, Zhangyin Ming, Hongxiang Chen
BACKGROUND: Resolvin D1 (RvD1), a pro-resolution lipid mediator derived from docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been described to promote several kinds of inflammatory resolution. However, the effects and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of RvD1 on psoriasis have not been previously reported. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the protective effects and the underlying mechanisms of RvD1 on imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasiform dermatitis. METHODS: Mice were topically treated with IMQ to develop psoriasiform dermatitis on their shaved back, pretreated intraperitoneally (i...
February 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
Yun Bai, Shifeng Kan, Shixin Zhou, Yuting Wang, Jun Xu, John P Cooke, Jinhua Wen, Hongkui Deng
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/celldisc.2015.40.].
2016: Cell Discovery
Muhammad Khairul Ramlee, Jing Wang, Wei Xun Toh, Shang Li
Embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells have the ability to maintain their telomere length via expression of an enzymatic complex called telomerase. Similarly, more than 85%-90% of cancer cells are found to upregulate the expression of telomerase, conferring them with the potential to proliferate indefinitely. Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase (TERT), the catalytic subunit of telomerase holoenzyme, is the rate-limiting factor in reconstituting telomerase activity in vivo. To date, the expression and function of the human Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase (hTERT) gene are known to be regulated at various molecular levels (including genetic, mRNA, protein and subcellular localization) by a number of diverse factors...
2016: Genes
Yun Bai, Shifeng Kan, Shixin Zhou, Yuting Wang, Jun Xu, John P Cooke, Jinhua Wen, Hongkui Deng
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/celldisc.2015.40.].
2016: Cell Discovery
Ana C C Paula, Thaís M M Martins, Alessandra Zonari, Soraia P P J Frade, Patrícia C Angelo, Dawidson A Gomes, Alfredo M Goes
INTRODUCTION: Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hASCs) are attractive cells for therapeutic applications and are currently being evaluated in multiple clinical trials. Prior to their clinical application, hASCs must be expanded ex vivo to obtain the required number of cells for transplantation. Fetal bovine serum is the supplement most widely used for cell culture, but it has disadvantages and it is not safe for cell therapy due to the risks of pathogen transmission and immune reaction...
2015: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
John Ramunas, Eduard Yakubov, Jennifer J Brady, Stéphane Y Corbel, Colin Holbrook, Moritz Brandt, Jonathan Stein, Juan G Santiago, John P Cooke, Helen M Blau
Telomere extension has been proposed as a means to improve cell culture and tissue engineering and to treat disease. However, telomere extension by nonviral, nonintegrating methods remains inefficient. Here we report that delivery of modified mRNA encoding TERT to human fibroblasts and myoblasts increases telomerase activity transiently (24-48 h) and rapidly extends telomeres, after which telomeres resume shortening. Three successive transfections over a 4 d period extended telomeres up to 0.9 kb in a cell type-specific manner in fibroblasts and myoblasts and conferred an additional 28 ± 1...
May 2015: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Panjaphorn Nimmanee, Patrick C Y Woo, Pramote Vanittanakom, Sirida Youngchim, Nongnuch Vanittanakom
Penicillium marneffei, the pathogenic thermal dimorphic fungus is a causative agent of a fatal systemic disease, penicilliosis marneffei, in immunocompromised patients especially HIV patients. For growth and survival, this fungus has to adapt to environmental stresses outside and inside host cells and this adaptation requires stress signaling pathways and regulation of gene expression under various kinds of stresses. In this report, P. marneffei activating transcription factor (atfA) gene encoding bZip-type transcription factor was characterized...
2014: PloS One
Jinghua Yu, Sanjay K Pandey, Hetal Khatri, Thazha P Prakash, Eric E Swayze, Punit P Seth
To ascertain whether increasing hydrophobicity can enhance the activity of second-generation antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) in muscle, we investigated the antisense properties of 2'-O-(2S-methoxypropyl)-RNA (2S-MOP)-modified ASOs. Synthesis of the 2S-MOP 5-methyl uridine phosphoramidite was accomplished on a multi-gram scale by Lewis-acid-catalyzed ring opening of 5'-O-tert-butyldiphenylsilyl ether-protected 2,2'-anhydro-5-methyl uridine with 2S-methoxy-1-propanol. Synthesis of the 2S-MOP 5-methyl cytidine nucleoside from the corresponding 5-methyl uridine nucleoside was accomplished by formation and displacement of a 4-triazolide intermediate with aqueous ammonia...
September 2014: ChemMedChem
Claudie Morzadec, Mélinda Macoch, Lydie Sparfel, Saadia Kerdine-Römer, Olivier Fardel, Laurent Vernhet
The transcription factor nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related-2 (Nrf2) controls cellular redox homeostasis and displays immunomodulatory properties. Nrf2 alters cytokine expression in murine T cells, but its effects in human T lymphocytes are unknown. This study investigated the expression and activity of Nrf2 in human activated CD4(+) T helper lymphocytes (Th cells) that mediate the adaptive immune response. Th cells were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells and activated with antibodies against CD3 and CD28, mimicking physiologic Th cell stimulation by dendritic cells...
June 2014: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Yingli Li, Tomoyuki Inoue, Fumihiko Takamatsu, Naoyuki Maeda, Yuichi Ohashi, Kohji Nishida
PURPOSE: Cultured human corneal limbal stem/progenitor cells are usually established and maintained on feeder layers. However, animal feeder cells are associated with viral infection, pathogen transmission, and xenogenic contamination. All feeder cells also can be mixed easily into cell-sheet production, causing self-contamination. We developed a line of labeled, immortalized, eliminable human dermal fibroblast cells to eliminate these problems. METHODS: The enhanced green fluorescent protein gene, human-derived telomerase reverse transcriptase gene, and herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene were transfected into human dermal fibroblast cells to establish labeled, immortalized, eliminable feeder cells...
2013: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Xu Tao, Yang Ming-Kun, Sheng Wei-Bin, Guo Hai-Long, Kan Rui, Tu Lai-Yong
The study aims to determine the expression of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) in the glial scar following spinal cord injury in the rat, and to explore its relationship with glial scar formation. A total of 120 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: SCI only group (without TERT interference), TERT siRNA group (with TERT interference), and sham group. The TERT siRNA and SCI only groups received spinal cord injury induced by the modified Allen's weight drop method. In the sham group, the vertebral plate was opened to expose the spinal cord, but no injury was modeled...
September 2013: Neurochemical Research
Tabetha Sundin, Dennis Peffley, Patricia Hentosh
Translation is mediated partly by regulation of free eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) levels through PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling. Cancer cells treated with the plant-derived perillyl alcohol (POH) or the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor rapamycin dephosphorylate eIF4E-binding protein (4E-BP1) and attenuate cap-dependent translation. We previously showed in cancer cell lines with elevated eIF4E that POH and rapamycin regulate telomerase activity through this pathway. Here, immortalized Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) control cells and CHO cells with forced eIF4E expression (rb4E) were used to elucidate eIF4E's role in telomerase regulation by POH and rapamycin...
August 1, 2013: Experimental Cell Research
Yuya Yoshimitsu, Kiwamu Tanaka, Wataru Fukuda, Tadao Asami, Shigeo Yoshida, Ken-Ichiro Hayashi, Yuji Kamiya, Yusuke Jikumaru, Tomoaki Shigeta, Yasushi Nakamura, Tomoaki Matsuo, Shigehisa Okamoto
The expression of DWARF4 (DWF4), which encodes a C-22 hydroxylase, is crucial for brassinosteroid (BR) biosynthesis and for the feedback control of endogenous BR levels. To advance our knowledge of BRs, we examined the effects of different plant hormones on DWF4 transcription in Arabidopsis thaliana. Semi-quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR showed that the amount of the DWF4 mRNA precursor either decreased or increased, similarly with its mature form, in response to an exogenously applied bioactive BR, brassinolide (BL), and a BR biosynthesis inhibitor, brassinazole (Brz), respectively...
2011: PloS One
Wei Han, Xuefeng Lu, Xiaoqing Jia, Tao Zhou, Chenghao Guo
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that patients with post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) have increased mast cell activation, and that mucosal soluble mediators are involved in the pathophysiology of visceral hyperalgesia. In addition, previous findings show that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and protease-activated receptors (PARs) are mediators of persistent hyperalgesia. AIMS: This article aims to investigate: (1) the ability of soluble factors from colonic biopsies to active peritoneal mast cells (PMCs) in vitro; (2) whether the effects of PMCs degranulation induced by soluble mediators are related to PARs activation; and (3) the ability of phenyl N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN), a ROS scavenger, to modify these alterations...
February 2012: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Christian D Simmons, John Mark P Pabona, Melissa E Heard, Theodore M Friedman, Michael T Spataro, Amy L Godley, Frank A Simmen, Alexander F Burnett, Rosalia C M Simmen
Endometrial cancer is the most commonly diagnosed female genital tract malignancy. Krüppel-like factor 9 (KLF9), a member of the evolutionarily conserved Sp family of transcription factors, is expressed in uterine stroma and glandular epithelium, where it affects cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Deregulated expression of a number of Sp proteins has been associated with multiple types of human tumors, but a role for KLF9 in endometrial cancer development and/or progression is unknown...
August 2011: Biology of Reproduction
Larry G Higgins, John D Hayes
Transcription factor Nrf2 regulates genes encoding drug-metabolising enzymes and drug transporters, as well as enzymes involved in the glutathione, thioredoxin and peroxiredoxin antioxidant pathways. Using mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells from Nrf2(+/+) and Nrf2(-/-) mice, in conjunction with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) cytotoxicity assay, we have shown that loss of Nrf2 diminishes the intrinsic resistance of mutant fibroblasts towards isothiocyanates (i.e. sulforaphane), epoxides (i...
June 30, 2011: Chemico-biological Interactions
Arti Shukla, Marcus W Bosenberg, Maximilian B MacPherson, Kelly J Butnor, Nicholas H Heintz, Harvey I Pass, Michele Carbone, Joseph R Testa, Brooke T Mossman
Little is known about the cellular mechanisms contributing to the development and chemoresistance of malignant mesothelioma (MM), an aggressive asbestos-associated tumor. A human mesothelial cell line (LP9/TERT-1) and isolated human pleural mesothelial cells showed rapid and protracted asbestos-induced cAMP response element binding protein (CREB1) phosphorylation, which was inhibited in LP9/TERT-1 cells by small molecule inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor phosphorylation and protein kinase A. Asbestos increased expression of several CREB target genes (c-FOS, EGR-1, MKP1, BCL2, and MMP13) and apoptosis, which was enhanced using small interfering CREB...
November 2009: American Journal of Pathology
Suzie Lavoie, Ying Chen, Timothy P Dalton, René Gysin, Michel Cuénod, Pascal Steullet, Kim Q Do
A decrease in GSH levels, the main redox regulator, can be observed in neurodegenerative diseases as well as in schizophrenia. In search for substances able to increase GSH, we evaluated the ability of curcumin (polyphenol), quercetin (flavonoid), and tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) to up-regulate GSH-synthesizing enzymes. The gene expression, activity, and product levels of these enzymes were measured in cultured neurons and astrocytes. In astrocytes, all substances increased GSH levels and the activity of the rate-limiting synthesizing enzyme, glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL)...
March 2009: Journal of Neurochemistry
Ram Kannan, Ning Zhang, Parameswaran G Sreekumar, Christine K Spee, Anthony Rodriguez, Ernesto Barron, David R Hinton
PURPOSE: To investigate whether oxidative stress modulates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A and VEGF-C expression and polarized secretion in a human retinal pigment epithelium cell line (ARPE-19). METHODS: Long-term culture of ARPE-19 cells in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (DMEM)/F12 containing 1% fetal bovine serum (FBS) on transwell filters (12 mm or 6 mm, pore size 0.4 microm) was performed to produce polarized retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) monolayers...
2006: Molecular Vision
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