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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631430/internal-cyclopexy-for-complicated-traumatic-cyclodialysis-cleft
#1
Cong Wang, Xiao-Yan Peng, Qi-Sheng You, Yi Liu, Xiu-Qin Pang, Peng-Fei Zheng, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To assess the surgical and functional outcome of internal direct cyclopexy as therapy of complicated traumatic cyclodialysis. METHODS: The single-centre interventional case-series study included eyes with traumatic cyclodialysis who had consecutively been treated. Internal cyclopexy was performed using double-armed sutures introduced into the eye through the pars plana opposite to the cyclodialysis cleft and which were laid parallel to limbus. Additional procedures included cataract surgery, and pars plana vitrectomy...
June 20, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604979/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-in-vitreoretinal-surgery
#2
Stanislao Rizzo, Daniela Bacherini, Francesco Faraldi, Marco Pellegrini, Cesare Mariotti
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and surgical results of femtosecond laser-assisted phacovitrectomy. METHODS: Fifteen patients over 50 years of age with coexisting vitreoretinal pathologies and cataract underwent combined femtosecond laser-assisted cataract extraction and sutureless 25-G and 27-G vitreoretinal surgery. RESULTS: The indication for surgery was macular hole in 6 patients, epiretinal membrane in 6, vitreous hemorrhage in 2, and retinal detachment in 1...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602317/new-capsular-tension-segment-with-2-point-fixation-for-zonular-weakness
#3
Malkit K Singh, Balamurali K Ambati, Alan S Crandall
We describe clinical applications and surgical techniques for a new type of capsular tension segment (CTS) for use during cataract surgery. The Ambati CTS is distinguished from other CTS devices by having 2 eyelets close to each other, which allows it to distribute tension to 2 points, avoiding too much stress at a single point on the anterior capsulotomy, which prevents peaking of the capsulorhexis, and potentially reducing the risk for anterior capsule tear. Two of these CTS devices could possibly be used to provide 4-point fixation of a capsular bag in eyes with near-complete zonular instability...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598962/ab-interno-trabeculectomy-with-a-dual-blade-surgical-technique-for-childhood-glaucoma
#4
Albert S Khouri, Sze H Wong
PURPOSE: To introduce a technique using the Kahook Dual Blade for treatment of childhood glaucoma. PATIENT AND METHOD: An infant developed glaucoma after cataract extraction and anterior vitrectomy. Ab interno trabeculectomy was performed in both eyes using a dual-blade device. RESULTS: Description of technique to treat childhood glaucoma. Intraocular pressure reduced from 35 to 17 mm Hg in the right eye and from 52 to 18 mm Hg in the left eye after 7 to 10 weeks...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575917/-surgical-options-in-glaucoma-management
#5
Thomas S Dietlein, André Rosentreter
During the last few years, there has been a considerable capacity of innovations in glaucoma surgery owing to new micro-stents increasing the aqueous outflow via transscleral routes, via the trabecular meshwork or the suprachoroidal space. These interventions can be easily performed in combination with small-incision cataract surgery. Even the well-known filtering procedures, trabeculectomy and drainage device surgery, formerly perceived as being outdated, re-achieve better reputation owing to refinements in surgical technique and improved surgical experience...
June 2, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571835/-cataract-surgery-among-50-alzheimer-s-patient-55-eyes
#6
B Girard, B Chouard, F Hardy
OBJECTIVE: Cataract surgery for 50 Alzheimer patients (55 eyes). METHODS: Cinquante Alzheimer's patients with 0≤MMS≤25, with bilateral disabling cataracts were included for surgery. The surgical technique is analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The preoperative examination of Alzheimer's patients is time consuming and requires experience in this area, which is important to integrate into the practice of ophthalmology. The type of cataract is unusual, with a predilection for pseudoexfoliation syndrome and zonular fragility that has to be managed during surgery...
May 29, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546691/toxic-anterior-segment-syndrome-outbreak-after-cataract-surgery-triggered-by-viscoelastic-substance
#7
AyşeGül Koçak Altıntaş, Meryem Yaşar Ciritoğlu, Özlem BeyazyıldıZ, Çiğdem Ülkü Can, Sibel Polat
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to present toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) outbreak at our clinic and discuss possible causes of TASS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients developed TASS in a consecutive 2 weeks period were included in this study. Both anterior segment and fundus examinations were performed before and after uncomplicated cataract surgery. During the follow-up period, clinical features and all possible causes were evaluated including perioperative products and processing such as sterilization technique of surgical instruments, irrigating solutions, drugs, viscoelastic substance (VES), and intraocular lens...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540021/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-the-removal-of-posterior-intraocular-foreign-bodies
#8
Jesus Hernan Gonzalez-Cortes, Yunuen Bages-Rousselon, Jesus Emiliano Gonzalez-Cantu, Jesus Mohamed-Hamsho
This is a prospective clinical assay that included six patients who were diagnosed with penetrating corneal injury, traumatic cataract, and posterior segment intraocular foreign body (IOFB). Following anterior segment repair and extraction of traumatic cataract by clear cornea phacoemulsification, a standard 25-gauge transconjunctival pars plana vitrectomy was performed to find and release the IOFB. With active suction using a 25-gauge silicone tipped cannula, the foreign body was retrieved and safely placed in the anterior chamber...
April 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529695/training-strategies-and-outcomes-of-ab-interno-trabeculectomy-with-the-trabectome
#9
Katherine Fallano, Igor Bussel, Larry Kagemann, Kira L Lathrop, Nils Loewen
Plasma-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy with the trabectome was first approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2004 for use in adult and pediatric glaucomas. Since then, increased clinical experience and updated outcome data have led to its expanded use, including a range of glaucomas and angle presentations, previously deemed to be relatively contraindicated. The main benefits are a high degree of safety, ease, and speed compared to traditional filtering surgery and tube shunts. The increasing burden of glaucoma and expanding life expectancy has resulted in demand for well-trained surgeons...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509425/methods-of-fixation-of-intraocular-lenses-according-to-the-anatomical-structures-in-trauma-eyes
#10
REVIEW
Miltiadis Fiorentzis, Anja Viestenz, Jens Heichel, Berthold Seitz, Thomas Hammer, Arne Viestenz
Ocular trauma can lead to severe visual impairment and morbidity, depending on the anatomical structures affected. The main causes of ocular trauma include foreign bodies, impact by an object, falls, and chemicals. Most ocular traumas occur in children or young male adults. A meticulous slit lamp examination is crucial for assessing all anatomical structures. Trauma to the crystalline lens can result in dislocation, an intralenticular foreign body, cataract, fragmentation, and capsular breach. An intraocular lens (IOL) can endure subluxation or luxation under the conjunctiva, into the anterior chamber or the vitreous, or can be extruded...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444515/cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-a-previous-history-of-kamra-inlay-implantation-a-case-series
#11
Majid Moshirfar, Tyler S Quist, David F Skanchy, Steven H Linn, Jordan Desautels, Phillip C Hoopes
INTRODUCTION: The visual outcome of cataract surgery in patients with a previous history of KAMRA inlay implantation is an emerging issue for which limited research exists. The purpose of this study is to describe postoperative visual outcomes in this patient population. METHODS: This is a case series with retrospective chart review. Seven patients underwent cataract surgery following KAMRA corneal inlay implantation. Visual acuity was assessed before and after cataract surgery...
June 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440249/innovations-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#12
Sudarshan Kumar Khokhar, Ganesh Pillay, Esha Agarwal, Manish Mahabir
Advances in technology have made surgery in children safer and faster. The management of pediatric cataract has made rapid progress in the past decade with the availability of safer anesthesia, newer technique's, more predictable intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation, a better understanding of neurobiology, genetics, amblyopia management, improved IOL designs for preventing visual axis opacification, and adjuvant postoperative care. Modern vitrectomy machines with minimally invasive instruments, radiofrequency, diathermy, and plasma blades help immensely in complicated cases...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421654/short-term-outcomes-of-small-incision-cataract-surgery-provided-by-a-regional-population-in-the-pacific
#13
Riyaz Bhikoo, Hans Vellara, Salome Lolokabaira, Neil Murray, Biu Sikivou, Charles McGhee
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe patient demographics, visual and surgical outcomes of a cohort undergoing small incision cataract surgery at a Pacific regional ophthalmic training facility. DESIGN: This is a prospective, longitudinal study conducted at the Pacific Eye Institute, Fiji. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-six patients underwent small incision cataract surgery. METHODS: Preoperatively, a complete ophthalmic examination, including pachymetry and macular optical coherence tomography performed by two independent investigators...
April 19, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410726/surgical-techniques-and-adjuvants-for-the-management-of-primary-and-recurrent-pterygia
#14
REVIEW
John A Hovanesian, Christopher E Starr, David T Vroman, Francis S Mah, Jose A P Gomes, Marjan Farid, Neda Shamie, Richard S Davidson, Thomas John, Edward J Holland, Terry Kim
The removal and rate of recurrence of pterygium have been discussed for years. The disorder is highly associated with environmental factors, and recurrence rates can be unacceptably high and cannot be successfully predicted. New techniques and graft preparations and postoperative management strategies are helping to reduce the recurrence rates and provide an ocular surface that is near ideal for future cataract or refractive surgery. This review discusses the advantages and disadvantages of various treatment strategies...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407163/effect-of-topical-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-on-pupillary-size-during-uncomplicated-cataract-surgery
#15
Alejandro Rodríguez-García, Julio C Hernández-Camarena, Gilberto R López-Jaime, José A Nava-García
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of three different topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in inhibiting surgically induced miosis during uncomplicated cataract phacoemulsification. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double-masked comparative study of patients aged 40 years or older with grades II to III cataracts (Lens Opacities Classification System) and no other comorbidities. Participants were randomized into four groups: 0.1% nepafenac, 0...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358768/impact-of-ophthalmic-surgeon-experience-on-early-postoperative-central-corneal-thickness-after-cataract-surgery
#16
Louis Lhuillier, Anne L Jeancolas, Laurie Renaudin, Christophe Goetz, François Ameloot, Shanour Premy, Nadia Ouamara, Jean M Perone
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of surgeon experience on early postoperative central corneal thickness (CCT) in eyes that have undergone phacoemulsification-based cataract surgery. METHODS: One hundred sixty eyes underwent phacoemulsification-based cataract surgery performed by an experienced surgeon (n = 110; senior group) or a surgically less experienced ophthalmic assistant (n = 50; junior group), using the divide-and-conquer or tilt-and-tumble technique for cataractous lens extraction...
May 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356323/bacterial-and-fungal-endophthalmitis
#17
REVIEW
Marlene L Durand
Endophthalmitis is a severe eye infection that may result in permanent loss of useful vision in the affected eye. Most cases are exogenous and occur as a complication of cataract surgery, an intravitreal injection, or penetrating ocular trauma. Endogenous endophthalmitis results from hematogenous seeding of the eye by bacteria or fungi, but bacteremia or fungemia may be transient and patients may present without symptoms of systemic infection. Nearly all endophthalmitis patients present with decreased vision, and some also have eye pain...
July 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336280/-intraocular-pressure-decrease-after-manual-small-incision-cataract-surgery
#18
C G F Nganga Ngabou, C Makita, S S Ndalla, F Nkokolo, M Madzou
PURPOSE: We decided to evaluate the decrease in intraocular pressure six months after cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated patients' IOP using an applanation tonometer. The patients then underwent cataract surgery. Six months after cataract surgery, we reevaluated the IOP by the same method, and we determined the post-operative change. RESULTS: Among the 147 operated eyes, 123 eyes or 83.67% exhibited a decrease in IOP. The mean preoperative IOP for the operative eye was 15...
May 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317677/trends-in-cataract-surgery-training-curricula
#19
Mona Lotfipour, Ramunas Rolius, Erik B Lehman, Seth M Pantanelli, Ingrid U Scott
PURPOSE: To evaluate trends in cataract surgery training curricula and factors affecting timing of resident participation as a primary surgeon. SETTING: Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of anonymous survey results. METHODS: A description of the study and link to an online survey was e-mailed to program directors of each ophthalmology residency training program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
January 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300744/a-modified-simple-technique-of-removing-the-lens-cortex-during-cataract-surgery
#20
Kyung Eun Han, Se Hoon Han, Dongkwon Lim, Min Chul Shin
We describe here a surgical technique of removing the remaining cortex after phacoemulsification without performing the conventional irrigation/aspiration (I/A) procedure. In this technique, the remaining cortex attached to the posterior capsule was separated and dissected into several pieces by continuous irrigation with balanced salt solution, which was supplied through a syringe attached to a bent, blunt-tip needle. Approximately, 10 s of manual irrigation separated most of the remaining cortex from the posterior capsule...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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