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chickenpox during labor

Veronica Brito, Michael S Niederman
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) can affect pregnancy, posing risks to mother and fetus. CAP is the most common fatal nonobstetric infectious complication and a common cause of hospital readmission. Risk factors of pneumonia in pregnancy relate to anatomic and physiologic respiratory changes and immune changes. Aspiration can occur during labor, can cause life-threatening disease, and is more common in cesarean deliveries. Influenza pneumonia can cause severe disease, increasing the risk of preterm delivery, abortion, cesarean section, maternal respiratory failure, and death...
March 2011: Clinics in Chest Medicine
M A Almuneef, Z A Memish, H H Balkhy, B Otaibi, M Helmi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the vaccine-preventable diseases caused by varicella, measles, rubella, and hepatitis A and B viruses in a multinational healthcare workforce. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A 750-bed tertiary care center located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In compliance with hospital policy, newly recruited healthcare workers (HCWs) were enrolled in the study from September 2001 to March 2005...
November 2006: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
R Marculescu, L Richter, K Rappersberger
Primary infections with herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) may lead to severe illness in pregnancy. Both diseases may be associated with transplacental virus transmission and fetal infection. Such infections can lead to intrauterine death, severe malformations and premature birth; the fetal/congenital varicella syndrome is well-defined. Herpes genitalis and varicella at the time of labor may lead to life threatening neonatal-herpes or varicella of the newborn. Currently neither active immunization nor neutralizing immunoglobulin is available for HSV infections...
March 2006: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Colleen Kirkham, Susan Harris, Stefan Grzybowski
All pregnant women should be offered screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria, syphilis, rubella, and hepatitis B and human immunodeficiency virus infection early in pregnancy. Women at increased risk should be tested for hepatitis C infection, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. All women should be questioned about their history of chickenpox and genital or orolabial herpes. Routine screening for bacterial vaginosis is not recommended. Influenza vaccination is recommended in women who will be in their second or third trimester of pregnancy during flu season...
April 15, 2005: American Family Physician
N Linder, A Ferber, U Kopilov, Z Smetana, A Barzilai, E Mendelson, L Sirota
OBJECTIVE: To determine the positive and negative predictive values of recalled exposure to chickenpox for identifying anti-varicella-zoster virus (VZV) seropositive parturient women. METHODS: Blood samples were taken from laboring women during February 1998: All women completed questionnaires concerning a history of chickenpox in themselves and their children. Anti-VZV antibodies were determined by the immunofluorescent antibodies to membrane antigen (IFAMA) technique...
November 2001: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
J M Huraux, A M Fillet, V Calvez, H Blanchier, C Huraux-Rendu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1999: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
R Figueroa-Damian, J L Arredondo-Garcia
Varicella-Zoster (V-Z) virus infection during pregnancy is uncommon. Nevertheless, it has importance due to the risk of vertical transmission of the infection and also because of a higher morbidity rate among pregnant women. The cases of varicella infection that occur in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy are occasionally associated to the development of congenital varicella syndrome. We studied 22 women whose pregnancy was complicated with varicella during the first 20 weeks of gestation. The average age of these patients was 20 +/- 3...
August 1997: American Journal of Perinatology
V L Katz, J A Kuller, M J McMahon, M A Warren, S R Wells
To determine the characteristics of maternal varicella at our institution, we reviewed all cases of primary varicella in pregnancy. Using a perinatal database that summarizes all obstetric admissions, we reviewed the medical records of women with varicella infections during pregnancy. Over a 5 1/2-year period, 31 pregnancies were affected by varicella infection among 11,753 deliveries. The mean age of those patients was 19.6 years, significantly different from our overall population of 25.3 years (P < .05)...
November 1995: Western Journal of Medicine
S G Paryani, A M Arvin
We investigated the consequences of maternal infection with varicella-zoster virus in a prospective study of 43 pregnancies complicated by varicella and 14 pregnancies complicated by herpes zoster. Nine of 43 pregnant women with varicella had associated morbidity--pneumonia (4 women), death (1), premature labor (4 of 42), premature delivery (2 of 42), and herpes zoster (1). Intrauterine varicella infection was identified on the basis of clinical evidence (anomalies characteristic of the congenital varicella syndrome, acute varicella at birth, or herpes zoster in infancy) or immunologic evidence (IgM antibody to varicella-zoster in the neonatal period, persistent IgG antibody to varicella-zoster at one to two years of age, or in vitro lymphocyte proliferation in response to varicella-zoster virus antigen)...
June 12, 1986: New England Journal of Medicine
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