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Paroxetine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343694/sertraline-paroxetine-and-chlorpromazine-are-rapidly-acting-anthelmintic-drugs-capable-of-clinical-repurposing
#1
Janis C Weeks, William M Roberts, Caitlyn Leasure, Brian M Suzuki, Kristin J Robinson, Heather Currey, Phurpa Wangchuk, Ramon M Eichenberger, Aleen D Saxton, Thomas D Bird, Brian C Kraemer, Alex Loukas, John M Hawdon, Conor R Caffrey, Nicole F Liachko
Parasitic helminths infect over 1 billion people worldwide, while current treatments rely on a limited arsenal of drugs. To expedite drug discovery, we screened a small-molecule library of compounds with histories of use in human clinical trials for anthelmintic activity against the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. From this screen, we found that the neuromodulatory drugs sertraline, paroxetine, and chlorpromazine kill C. elegans at multiple life stages including embryos, developing larvae and gravid adults...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341599/a-ni-catalyzed-carbon-carbon-bond-forming-reductive-amination
#2
Christoph Heinz, J Patrick Lutz, Eric M Simmons, Michael M Miller, William R Ewing, Abigail G Doyle
This report describes a three-component, Ni-catalyzed reductive coupling that enables the convergent synthesis of tertiary benzhydryl amines, which are challenging to access by traditional reductive amination methodologies. The reaction makes use of iminium ions generated in situ from the condensation of secondary N-trimethylsilyl amines with benzaldehydes, and these species undergo reaction with several distinct classes of organic electrophiles. The synthetic value of this process is demonstrated by a single-step synthesis of antimigraine drug flunarizine (Sibelium®) and high yielding derivatization of paroxetine (Paxil®) and metoprolol (Lopressor®)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338728/re-evaluation-of-the-definition-of-remission-on-the-17-item-hamilton-depression-rating-scale-based-on-recovery-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-an-observational-post-marketing-study
#3
Jitsuki Sawamura, Jun Ishigooka, Katsuji Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Although a score of less than 7 for the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D17) has been widely adopted to define remission of depression, a full recovery from depression is closely related to the patient's quality of life as well. Accordingly, we re-evaluated this definition of remission using HAM-D17 in comparison with the corresponding score for health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measured by the SF-36. METHODS: Using the data for depressive patients reported by GlaxoSmithKline K...
January 16, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332813/fast-and-easy-extraction-of-antidepressants-from-whole-blood-using-ionic-liquids-as-extraction-solvent
#4
Marieke De Boeck, Lisa Dubrulle, Wim Dehaen, Jan Tytgat, Eva Cuypers
This study aims to prove that ionic liquids (ILs) can be used as extraction solvents in a liquid-liquid microextraction, coupled to LC-MS/MS, for the quantification of a large group of antidepressants in whole blood samples. The sample preparation procedure consisted of adding 1.0mL aqueous buffer pH 3.0 and 60µL of IL (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate) to 1.0mL whole blood. Subsequently, a 5-min rotary mixing step was performed followed by centrifugation. The lower IL phase was collected, diluted 1:10 in methanol and 10µL was injected into the LC-MS/MS...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331703/the-effects-of-vortioxetine-on-cognitive-performance-in-working-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-short-term-randomized-double-blind-exploratory-study
#5
Bernhard T Baune, Lasse B Sluth, Christina K Olsen
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a complex disease characterized by emotional, physical and cognitive symptoms. We explored the efficacy of vortioxetine versus placebo on outcomes of cognition, functioning and mood symptoms in working patients with depression, using paroxetine as an active reference. METHODS: Gainfully employed patients (18-65 years, N = 152) with MDD were randomized 1:1:1 to 8 weeks' double-blind, parallel treatment either with vortioxetine (10mg/day) or paroxetine (20mg/day), or with placebo...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322768/identification-of-novel-inks-for-3d-printing-using-high-throughput-screening-bioresorbable-photocurable-polymers-for-controlled-drug-delivery
#6
Iria Louzao, Britta Koch, Vincenzo Taresco, Laura Ruiz Cantu, Derek J Irvine, Clive J Roberts, Christopher J Tuck, Cameron Alexander, Richard J M Hague, Ricky D Wildman, Morgan Russell Alexander
A robust discovery methodology is presented to identify novel biomaterials suitable for 3D printing. Currently the application of Additive Manufacturing is limited by the availability of functional inks, especially in the area of biomaterials-this method tackles this problem for the first time allowing hundreds of formulations to be readily assessed. Several functional properties, including the release of an antidepressive drug (paroxetine), cytotoxicity and printability are screened for 253 new ink formulations in a high-throughput format as well as mechanical properties...
January 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313376/paroxetine-therapy-for-somatic-delusion-implications-for-underlying-serotonergic-dysfunction
#7
Vijay Niranjan, Koustubh R Bagul, Pali Rastogi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302214/antidepressant-drug-paroxetine-blocks-the-open-pore-of-kv3-1-potassium-channel
#8
Hyang Mi Lee, Ok Hee Chai, Sang June Hahn, Bok Hee Choi
In patients with epilepsy, depression is a common comorbidity but difficult to be treated because many antidepressants cause pro-convulsive effects. Thus, it is important to identify the risk of seizures associated with antidepressants. To determine whether paroxetine, a very potent selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), interacts with ion channels that modulate neuronal excitability, we examined the effects of paroxetine on Kv3.1 potassium channels, which contribute to highfrequency firing of interneurons, using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284830/successful-use-of-risperidone-trihexyphenidyl-and-paroxetine-in-pregnancy
#9
Sandeep Kumar Goyal, Atul Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278206/a-systematic-review-of-evidence-based-treatment-strategies-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-resistant-to-first-line-pharmacotherapy
#10
Umberto Albert, Donatella Marazziti, Gabriele Di Salvo, Francesca Solia, Gianluca Rosso, Giuseppe Maina
BACKGROUND: Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT) are first-line treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, a significant proportion of patients do not respond satisfactorily to first-choice treatments. Several options have been investigated for the management of resistant patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present paper is to systematically review the available literature concerning the strategies for the treatment of resistant adult patients with OCD...
December 22, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277417/reprint-of-contrasting-effects-of-vortioxetine-and-paroxetine-on-pineal-gland-biochemistry-in-a-tryptophan-depletion-model-of-depression-in-female-rats
#11
M Franklin, N Hlavacova, Y Li, I Bermudez, A Csanova, C Sanchez, D Jezova
We studied the effects of the multi-modal antidepressant, vortioxetine and the SSRI, paroxetine on pineal melatonin and monoamine synthesis in a sub-chronic tryptophan (TRP) depletion model of depression based on a low TRP diet. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomised to groups a) control, b) low TRP diet, c) low TRP diet+paroxetine and d) low TRP diet+vortioxetine. Vortioxetine was administered via the diet (0.76mg/kg of food weight) and paroxetine via drinking water (10mg/kg/day) for 14days. Both drugs resulted in SERT occupancies >90%...
December 23, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275796/antidepressant-effects-of-pharmacopuncture-on-behavior-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-expression-in-chronic-stress-model-of-mice
#12
Yunna Kim, Hwa-Young Lee, Seung-Hun Cho
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effect of the traditional Korean medical pharmacopuncture, Liver Qi Depression (HJ11), in a mouse model of depression induced by exposure to chronic immobilization stress (CIS). METHODS: Mice were subjected to 2 hours of immobilization stress daily for 14 days. They were also injected with distilled water (DW) (CIS + DW) or HJ11 at the acupoints HT7, SP6, and GV20 (CIS + HJ11) an hour before stress...
December 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274752/chronic-paroxetine-treatment-prevents-disruption-of-methamphetamine-sensitive-circadian-oscillator-in-a-transgenic-mouse-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#13
Koliane Ouk, Juliet Aungier, Marc Cuesta, A Jennifer Morton
Circadian abnormalities seen in Huntington's disease (HD) patients are recapitulated in several HD transgenic mouse models. In mice, alongside the master clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), two other oscillators may influence circadian behaviour. These are the food-entrainable oscillator (FEO) and the methamphetamine-sensitive circadian oscillator (MASCO). SCN- and MASCO- (but not FEO-) driven rhythms are progressively disrupted in the R6/2 mouse model of HD. MASCO-driven rhythms are induced by chronic treatment with low dose of methamphetamine and characterised by an increase in period length to greater than 24 h...
December 21, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273456/the-antipsychotic-trifluoperazine-reduces-marble-burying-behavior-in-mice-via-d2-and-5-ht2a-receptors-implications-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
Nobuaki Egashira, Naoki Kubota, Yu Goto, Takuya Watanabe, Kaori Kubota, Shutaro Katsurabayashi, Katsunori Iwasaki
Trifluoperazine, a typical antipsychotic drug, not only antagonizes dopamine D2 receptors but also enhances serotonin 5-HT2 receptor-mediated behavior. Moreover, trifluoperazine suppresses human purinergic receptor P2X7 responses and calmodulin. However, the effect of trifluoperazine on marble-burying behavior, which has been considered an animal model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), has not been studied. Here, we examined the effect of trifluoperazine on marble-burying behavior in mice. Oral administration of paroxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, significantly reduced marble-burying behavior without affecting total locomotor activity...
December 19, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238651/management-of-treatment-resistant-panic-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Giampaolo Perna, Daniela Caldirola
Purpose of Review: Purpose of Review Management of treatment-resistant (TR) panic disorder (PD) is an unresolved issue. In this paper, we provide a brief summary of previous findings, an updated (2015-2017) systematic review of pharmacological/non-pharmacological studies, and our personal perspective on this topic. Recent Findings: Recent Findings We found a very limited number of recent findings. Quetiapine extended-release augmentation has not been found to be beneficial, in comparison to placebo, in non-responders to previously recommended pharmacotherapy...
2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231496/-acupuncture-combined-with-auricular-point-sticking-therapy-for-post-stroke-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Lin Zhang, Yan Zhong, Shulin Quan, Yehui Liu, Xuehui Shi, Zhenguang Li, Jingjing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of acupuncture combined with auricular point sticking based on the western medication for post stroke depression (PSD). METHODS: Sixty patients with PSD were randomly assigned into an acupuncture plus auricular application group (a combination group) and a medication group, 30 cases in each one. 20 mg paroxetine hydrochloride was prescribed orally in the medication group, once a day for continuous 8 weeks. Based on the above treatment, 30-minute acupuncture was used in the combination group for 8 weeks at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenting (GV 24), Yintang (GV 29), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Taichong (LR 3), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Fenglong (ST 40), once the other day and three times a week...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217494/regulation-of-the-kynurenine-metabolism-pathway-by-xiaoyao-san-and-the-underlying-effect-in-the-hippocampus-of-the-depressed-rat
#17
Jiajia Wang, Xiaofang Li, Shugui He, Lijun Hu, Jiewen Guo, Xiangning Huang, Jinqing Hu, Yaoqun Qi, Bin Chen, Dewei Shang, Yuguan Wen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xiaoyao San (XYS) is a classic Chinese herbal formula for treatment of depression. The present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effects of XYS in a rat model of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CUMS rat model of depression was established via 4 weeks of unpredictable stimulation. Then the rats were orally administered paroxetine and XYS for 2 weeks with continued stress...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197738/efficacy-and-safety-of-levomilnacipran-vilazodone-and-vortioxetine-compared-with-other-second-generation-antidepressants-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Gernot Wagner, Marie-Therese Schultes, Viktoria Titscher, Birgit Teufer, Irma Klerings, Gerald Gartlehner
BACKGROUND: Second-generation antidepressants dominate the medical management of major depressive disorder (MDD). Levomilnacipran, vilazodone and vortioxetine are the latest therapeutic options approved for the treatment of MDD. This systematic review aims to compare the benefits and harms of vilazodone, levomilnacipran, and vortioxetine with one another and other second-generation antidepressants. METHODS: We searched electronic databases up to September 2017 and reviewed reference lists and pharmaceutical dossiers to detect published and unpublished studies...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192458/-exploring-the-clinical-characters-of-shugan-jieyu-capsule-through-text-mining
#19
Zheng-Ping Pu, Jiang-Ming Xia, Wei Xie, Jin-Cai He
The study was main to explore the clinical characters of Shugan Jieyu capsule through text mining. The data sets of Shugan Jieyu capsule were downloaded from CMCC database by the method of literature retrieved from May 2009 to Jan 2016. Rules of Chinese medical patterns, diseases, symptoms and combination treatment were mined out by data slicing algorithm, and they were demonstrated in frequency tables and two dimension based network. Then totally 190 literature were recruited. The outcomess suggested that SC was most frequently correlated with liver Qi stagnation...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185803/better-tolerance-of-citalopram-in-a-breastfed-infant-who-could-not-tolerate-sertraline-and-paroxetine
#20
Faruk Uguz
Postpartum depression is frequently observed in women. First-line antidepressants in treatment of postpartum depression are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Although SSRIs are well tolerated by most breastfed infants, some adverse events may arise in exposed infants. This report presents the case of an infant of a breastfeeding woman using citalopram without any problem after sertraline and paroxetine were discontinued due to adverse events in the infant.
November 29, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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