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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150713/efficacy-of-silexan-in-subthreshold-anxiety-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#1
Hans-Jürgen Möller, Hans-Peter Volz, Angelika Dienel, Sandra Schläfke, Siegfried Kasper
Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitation, mixed anxiety and depressive disorder) were included...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148412/psychological-comorbidities-associated-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-greek-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-potential-contribution-of-sleep-impairment
#2
Theofanis Karageorgas, Dimitrios Ioakeimidis, Clio P Mavragani
OBJECTIVES: Impaired sleep and psychological disorders are increasingly recognised as prevalent comorbidities in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), as well as important contributors of atherosclerosis in the general population. In the current study we sought to explore a potential role of psychological comorbidities in the pronounced atherosclerotic risk of pSS patients. METHODS: Fifty-nine pSS patients fulfilling the ACR/EULAR criteria completed specific validated questionnaires assessing fatigue, depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances...
November 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145440/the-relationship-between-shift-work-and-mental-health-among-electronics-workers-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mo-Yeol Kang, Ho-Jang Kwon, Kyung-Hwa Choi, Chung-Won Kang, Hyunjoo Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between shift work and mental health, particularly insomnia, depression, and suicidal ideation, among electronics production workers. METHODS: A survey was conducted with 14,226 workers from an electronics manufacturer in South Korea. After excluding 112 individuals with incomplete responses, 14,114 respondents were analyzed. As part of a larger project, we collected data on respondents' general characteristics, work-related characteristics, and health status; however, in this study, we focused on the data related to shift work and mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126462/prediction-of-drowsiness-events-in-night-shift-workers-during-morning-driving
#4
Yulan Liang, William J Horrey, Mark E Howard, Michael L Lee, Clare Anderson, Michael S Shreeve, Conor S O'Brien, Charles A Czeisler
The morning commute home is an especially vulnerable time for workers engaged in night shift work due to the heightened risk of experiencing drowsy driving. One strategy to manage this risk is to monitor the driver's state in real time using an in vehicle monitoring system and to alert drivers when they are becoming sleepy. The primary objective of this study is to build and evaluate predictive models for drowsiness events occurring in morning drives using a variety of physiological and performance data gathered under a real driving scenario...
November 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122366/associations-between-residential-traffic-noise-exposure-and-smoking-habits-and-alcohol-consumption-a-population-based-study
#5
Nina Roswall, Jeppe Schultz Christensen, Pernille Envold Bidstrup, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Steen Solvang Jensen, Anne Tjønneland, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Traffic noise stresses and disturbs sleep. It has been associated with various diseases, and has recently also been associated with lifestyle. Hence, the association between traffic noise and disease could partly operate via a pathway of lifestyle habits, including smoking and alcohol intake. OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations between modelled residential traffic noise and smoking habits and alcohol consumption. METHODS: In a cohort of 57,053 participants, we performed cross-sectional analyses using data from a baseline questionnaire (1993-97), and longitudinal analyses of change between baseline and follow-up (2000-02)...
November 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122180/associations-between-heat-exposure-vigilance-and-balance-performance-in-summer-tree-fruit-harvesters
#6
June T Spector, Jennifer Krenz, Miriam Calkins, Dawn Ryan, Jose Carmona, Mengjie Pan, Anna Zemke, Paul D Sampson
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate potential mediators of the relationship between heat exposure and traumatic injuries in outdoor agricultural workers. METHODS: Linear mixed models were used to estimate associations between maximum work-shift Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGTmax) and post-shift vigilance (reaction time) and postural sway (total path length) in a cross-sectional sample of 46 Washington State tree fruit harvesters in August-September 2015. RESULTS: The mean (SD) WBGTmax was 27...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120225/descriptive-values-for-dancers-on-baseline-concussion-tools
#7
Lauren McIntyre, Marc Campo
CONTEXT:   Capturing baseline data before a concussion can be a valuable tool in individualized care. However, not all athletes, including dancers, have access to baseline testing. When baseline examinations were not performed, clinicians consult normative values. Dancers are unique athletes; therefore, describing values specific to dancers may assist those working with these athletes in making more informed decisions. OBJECTIVE:   To describe values for key concussion measures of dancers...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118991/factors-increasing-the-risk-for-psychosocial-stress-among-korean-adults-living-in-rural-areas-using-generalized-estimating-equations-and-mixed-models
#8
Ju-Hyun Nam, Myeong-Seob Lim, Hyun-Kyeong Choi, Jae-Yeop Kim, Sung-Kyeong Kim, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang-Baek Koh, Hee-Tae Kang
Background: This study was conducted to analyze the distribution of the psychosocial well-being index among adults living in two rural communities in Korea and to examine its correlation with lifestyle variables such as sleep duration, regular exercise, and sedentary time. Methods: Using the cohort data of the Atherosclerosis Risk of a Rural Area Korean General Population, this study examined 3631 participants living in Wonju and Pyeongchang in Gangwon Province; their preliminary data were established from 2005 to 2007 while their follow-up data were collected 3 years later...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114413/perioperative-factors-affecting-ambulatory-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding
#9
Mirsad Dupanovic, Ron Krebill, Iris Dupanovic, John Nachtigal, Melissa Rockford, Walter Orr
Objective: Morbidly obese patients are traditionally hospitalised following bariatric surgery. However, laparoscopic-adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is amenable for ambulatory care. We hypothesised that the majority of patients can receive an ambulatory LAGB and that both surgical and anaesthetic perioperative factors will significantly affect non-ambulatory LAGB outcomes. Methods: Medical records of 201 consecutive LAGB patients performed at the University of Kansas Medical Centre during a 3-y period were reviewed...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110581/outcomes-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-directed-surgery-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Shan He, Nithin S Peddireddy, David F Smith, Angela L Duggins, Christine Heubi, Sally R Shott, Stacey L Ishman
Objectives To determine the effectiveness of pediatric drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE)-directed surgery for children with infant obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or OSA after adenotonsillectomy. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care pediatric hospital. Subjects and Methods We included 56 children undergoing DISE from October 2013 to September 2015 who underwent subsequent surgery to address OSA. The primary outcome was successful response to DISE-directed surgery based on the postoperative obstructive Apnea-Hypopnea Index (oAHI)...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109678/identification-of-genes-that-maintain-behavioral-and-structural-plasticity-during-sleep-loss
#11
Laurent Seugnet, Stephane Dissel, Matthew Thimgan, Lijuan Cao, Paul J Shaw
Although patients with primary insomnia experience sleep disruption, they are able to maintain normal performance on a variety of cognitive tasks. This observation suggests that insomnia may be a condition where predisposing factors simultaneously increase the risk for insomnia and also mitigate against the deleterious consequences of waking. To gain insight into processes that might regulate sleep and buffer neuronal circuits during sleep loss, we manipulated three genes, fat facet (faf), highwire (hiw) and the GABA receptor Resistance to dieldrin (Rdl), that were differentially modulated in a Drosophila model of insomnia...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109068/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-women-study-of-speech-and-craniofacial-characteristics
#12
Marina Tyan, Fernando Espinoza-Cuadros, Rubén Fernández Pozo, Doroteo Toledano, Eduardo Lopez Gonzalo, Jose Daniel Alcazar Ramirez, Luis Alfonso Hernandez Gomez
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder characterized by frequent cessation of breathing lasting 10 seconds or longer. The diagnosis of OSA is performed through an expensive procedure, which requires an overnight stay at the hospital. This has led to several proposals based on the analysis of patients' facial images and speech recordings as an attempt to develop simpler and cheaper methods to diagnose OSA. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze possible relationships between OSA and speech and facial features on a female population and whether these possible connections may be affected by the specific clinical characteristics in OSA population and, more specifically, to explore how the connection between OSA and speech and facial features can be affected by gender...
November 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107959/sleep-quality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-long-term-survivors-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-germany
#13
Friederike Hammersen, Philip Lewin, Judith Gebauer, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Georg Brabant, Alexander Katalinic, Annika Waldmann
This study investigated sleep quality and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among long-term survivors of Hodgkin (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The aim was to explore the impact of personal and health-related factors on sleep quality as well as associations between sleep quality and HRQOL. For the postal survey, participants with a minimum age of 18 years initially treated between 1998 and 2008 were recruited via the population-based cancer registry in Schleswig-Holstein, Northern Germany. Questionnaires included amongst others the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36v1)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103944/short-sleep-duration-and-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-aggregate-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Sirimon Reutrakul, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Sharon J Herring, Bilgay Izci Balserak, Isabelle Marc, Ammarin Thakkinstian
Short sleep duration has been linked to maternal hyperglycemia. Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the relationship between sleep duration and hyperglycemia in pregnancy or gestational diabetes (GDM). MEDLINE and Scopus were searched until July 2017. Studies that assessed sleep duration and had objective measurements of hyperglycemia during pregnancy were eligible. Aggregate data were available from eight studies, n = 17,308 (seven with self-reported and one with objectively measured sleep duration)...
October 5, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097698/circadian-preference-towards-morningness-is-associated-with-lower-slow-sleep-spindle-amplitude-and-intensity-in-adolescents
#15
Ilona Merikanto, Liisa Kuula, Tommi Makkonen, Róbert Bódizs, Risto Halonen, Kati Heinonen, Jari Lahti, Katri Räikkönen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen
Individual circadian preference types and sleep EEG patterns related to spindle characteristics, have both been associated with similar cognitive and mental health phenotypes. However, no previous study has examined whether sleep spindles would differ by circadian preference. Here, we explore if spindle amplitude, density, duration or intensity differ by circadian preference and whether these associations are moderated by spindle location, frequency, and time distribution across the night. The participants (N = 170, 59% girls; mean age = 16...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083318/obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-can-be-identified-by-ion-mobility-spectrometry-derived-smell-prints-of-different-biological-materials
#16
Timm Greulich, Hannes Fischer, Dirk Lubbe, Christoph Nell, Joerg Ingo Baumbach, Ulrich Koehler, Tobias Boeselt, Claus Vogelmeier, Andreas Koczulla
The analysis of sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is time- and cost-intensive. A number of studies demonstrated that the non-invasive analysis of exhaled breath may be suitable to distinguish between OSAS patients and healthy subjects (HS). Methods/Population: We included OSAS patients (n=15) and HS (n=15) in this diagnostic proof-of-concept-study. All participants underwent polygraphy to verify or exclude OSAS and performed spirometry to exclude pulmonary ventilatory diseases. The VOC profile of exhaled breath and of the headspaces over exhaled breath condensate, pharyngeal washing fluid, and serum was measured using ion mobility spectrometry (BioScout®) and an e-nose (Cyranose® 320)...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079340/sleep-on-your-memory-traces-how-sleep-effects-can-be-explained-by-act-in-a-functional-memory-model
#17
REVIEW
Mélaine Cherdieu, Rémy Versace, Amandine E Rey, Guillaume T Vallet, Stéphanie Mazza
Numerous studies have explored the effect of sleep on memory. It is well known that a period of sleep, compared to a similar period of wakefulness, protects memories from interference, improves performance, and might also reorganize memory traces in a way that encourages creativity and rule extraction. It is assumed that these benefits come from the reactivation of brain networks, mainly involving the hippocampal structure, as well as from their synchronization with neocortical networks during sleep, thereby underpinning sleep-dependent memory consolidation and reorganization...
September 30, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079097/assessing-the-relationship-between-movement-and-airflow-in-the-upper-airway-using-computational-fluid-dynamics-with-motion-determined-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Alister J Bates, Andreas Schuh, Gabriel Amine-Eddine, Keith McConnell, Wolfgang Loew, Robert J Fleck, Jason C Woods, Charles L Dumoulin, Raouf S Amin
BACKGROUND: Computational fluid dynamics simulations of respiratory airflow in the upper airway reveal clinically relevant information, including sites of local resistance, inhaled particle deposition, and the effect of pathological constrictions. Unlike previous simulations, which have been performed on rigid anatomical models from static medical imaging, this work utilises ciné imaging during respiration to create dynamic models and more closely represent airway physiology. METHODS: Airway movement maps were obtained from non-rigid image registration of fast-cine MRI and applied to high-spatial-resolution airway surface models...
October 14, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075962/the-prevalence-of-sleep-bruxism-and-associated-factors-in-children-a-report-by-parents
#19
M A Clementino, M B Siqueira, J M Serra-Negra, S M Paiva, A F Granville-Garcia
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of sleep bruxism and associated factors among children aged 3-12 years as reported by parents via a questionnaire. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 148 parents/caregivers of children aged 3-12 years treated at paediatric dentistry clinics. Parents/caregivers answered a questionnaire in the waiting room. Information on the gender and age of the child, age of parent/caregiver, meaning of bruxism and child's sleep (type of sleep, if he/she slept alone, hours of sleep per night and if nocturnal bruxism could affect his/her health) were collected...
October 26, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073206/modeling-the-adenosine-system-as-a-modulator-of-cognitive-performance-and-sleep-patterns-during-sleep-restriction-and-recovery
#20
Andrew J K Phillips, Elizabeth B Klerman, James P Butler
Sleep loss causes profound cognitive impairments and increases the concentrations of adenosine and adenosine A1 receptors in specific regions of the brain. Time courses for performance impairment and recovery differ between acute and chronic sleep loss, but the physiological basis for these time courses is unknown. Adenosine has been implicated in pathways that generate sleepiness and cognitive impairments, but existing mathematical models of sleep and cognitive performance do not explicitly include adenosine...
October 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
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