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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149909/testing-the-implementation-and-sustainment-facilitation-isf-strategy-as-an-effective-adjunct-to-the-addiction-technology-transfer-center-attc-strategy-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Bryan R Garner, Mark Zehner, Mathew R Roosa, Steve Martino, Heather J Gotham, Elizabeth L Ball, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, David Kaiser, James H Ford
BACKGROUND: Improving the extent to which evidence-based practices (EBPs)-treatments that have been empirically shown to be efficacious or effective-are integrated within routine practice is a well-documented challenge across numerous areas of health. In 2014, the National Institute on Drug Abuse funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the substance abuse treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project. Aim 1 of the SAT2HIV Project tests the effectiveness of a motivational interviewing-based brief intervention (MIBI) for substance use as an adjunct to usual care within AIDS service organizations (ASOs) as part of its MIBI Experiment...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149893/association-between-severity-of-illicit-drug-dependence-and-quality-of-life-in-a-psychosocial-care-center-in-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#2
Selva Rios Campêlo, Maria Alves Barbosa, Danilo Rocha Dias, Camila Cardoso Caixeta, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Celmo Celeno Porto
BACKGROUND: Quality of life must be one of the main purposes for the treatment of drug users, requiring a better understanding of the association between the quality of life and the severity of dependency. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of substance use in various areas of human functioning and quality of life of illicit drug users in a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 participants - illicit drug users - treated at a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149076/the-association-between-food-addiction-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-preliminary-investigation
#3
Claudio Imperatori, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Massimo Continisio, Michela Balsamo, Aristide Saggino, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
In recent years, there has been a growing focus on early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) as core features associated with eating psychopathology. The aims of the present study were to assess in overweight and obese women: (i) the association between dysfunctional eating patterns (i.e., food addiction and binge eating) and EMSs, and (ii) the association between food addiction and EMSs after controlling for potential confounding variables (i.e., binge eating severity and psychopathology). Participants were 70 overweight and obese women seeking low-energy-diet therapy...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136529/yap-dependent-axl-overexpression-mediates-resistance-to-egfr-inhibitors-in-nsclc
#4
Elena Ghiso, Cristina Migliore, Vito Ciciriello, Elena Morando, Annalisa Petrelli, Simona Corso, Emmanuele De Luca, Gaia Gatti, Marco Volante, Silvia Giordano
The Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a transcriptional co-activator upregulating genes that promote cell growth and inhibit apoptosis. The main dysregulation of the Hippo pathway in tumors is due to YAP overexpression, promoting epithelial to mesenchymal transition, cell transformation, and increased metastatic ability. Moreover, it has recently been shown that YAP plays a role in sustaining resistance to targeted therapies as well. In our work, we evaluated the role of YAP in acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors in lung cancer...
November 11, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135964/the-killer-of-socrates-coniine-and-related-alkaloids-in-the-plant-kingdom
#5
REVIEW
Hannu Hotti, Heiko Rischer
Coniine, a polyketide-derived alkaloid, is poisonous to humans and animals. It is a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist, which leads to inhibition of the nervous system, eventually causing death by suffocation in mammals. Coniine's most famous victim is Socrates who was sentenced to death by poison chalice containing poison hemlock in 399 BC. In chemistry, coniine holds two historical records: It is the first alkaloid the chemical structure of which was established (in 1881), and that was chemically synthesized (in 1886)...
November 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135444/-validation-of-hungarian-smartphone-deprivation-inventory-hsdi-with-school-children
#6
Sándor Csibi, Zsolt Demetrovics, Attila Szabo
The widespread use of smartphones generates new habits and behaviors among the users, including schoolchildren. Advance technology-based applications, capturing interest and attention, influence cognitive focus and time spent with the device. Examination of these factors points toward the risk of addiction, as well as the deprivations sensations associated with the latter, that call for scholastic attention. AIM: The aim of this study was to validate a Hungarian Smartphone Deprivation Inventory (HSDI), to gauge the deprivation feelings and their severity in schoolchildren when they cannot access their device...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130470/-the-influence-of-social-stress-on-the-reinforcing-effect-of-ecstasy-under-the-conditioned-place-preference-paradigm-the-role-played-by-age-dose-and-type-of-stress
#7
REVIEW
M P Garcia-Pardo, J E de la Rubia, M A Aguilar
INTRODUCTION: Addiction to drugs is a chronic illness with severe repercussions for those that consume them and to date has no known cure. Psychostimulants, such as ecstasy, are the most widely consumed illegal drugs among adolescents and young adults. AIMS: To describe and to analyse the different variables that can influence the effects of social stress and the reinforcing properties of ecstasy. Likewise, it also seeks to evaluate whether the effects of social stress on conditioned place preference (induced by ecstasy) are similar to those deriving from other psychostimulants, such as cocaine...
November 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128428/clinical-and-translational-implications-of-ret-rearrangements-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Roberto Ferrara, Nathalie Auger, Edouard Auclin, Benjamin Besse
Since the discovery in 2012 of RET rearrangements in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), at least 12 different fusion variants have been identified, with KIF5B-RET being the most frequent and the best characterized. Unlike ALK and ROS1 rearrangements, RET fusion genes cannot be adequately detected by immunohistochemistry, although fluorescence in situ hybridization and reverse transcriptase PCR are fully complementary diagnostic tools. In large retrospective studies, RET rearrangements correlate with adenocarcinoma histology, never-smoking status, younger age, more advanced stage disease, potentially higher chemo-sensitivity (in particular to pemetrexed-based regimens), and coexistence of other genomic alterations...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127594/morphine-double-faced-roles-in-the-regulation-of-tumor-development
#9
REVIEW
X Y Zhang, Y X Liang, Y Yan, Z Dai, H C Chu
Morphine, a highly potent analgesic, is one of the most effective drugs for the treatment of severe pain associated with cancer. It directly acts on the central nervous system to relieve pain, but also cause secondary complications, such as addiction, respiratory depression and constipation due to its activities on peripheral tissues. Besides pain relief, morphine is of great importance on cancer management with its effect on tumor development being the subject of debate for many years with some contradictory findings...
November 10, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120275/ethnic-differences-in-psychosocial-factors-in-methadone-maintenance-hmong-versus-non-hmong
#10
Gavin Bart
Little is known about the characteristics of U.S.-based Asian populations undergoing methadone maintenance treatment for opioid use disorders. We evaluated psychosocial factors in 76 Hmong and 130 non-Hmong on methadone maintenance for at least two months in a single urban methadone maintenance clinic. Assessments included the Addiction Severity Index 5th Edition, the Symptom Checklist-90, and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders. The Hmong were older, predominately male, and on lower doses of methadone than the non-Hmong...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118813/the-leukemic-stem-cell-niche-adaptation-to-hypoxia-versus-oncogene-addiction
#11
Giulia Cheloni, Martina Poteti, Silvia Bono, Erico Masala, Nathalie M Mazure, Elisabetta Rovida, Matteo Lulli, Persio Dello Sbarba
Previous studies based on low oxygen concentrations in the incubation atmosphere revealed that metabolic factors govern the maintenance of normal hematopoietic or leukemic stem cells (HSC and LSC). The physiological oxygen concentration in tissues ranges between 0.1 and 5.0%. Stem cell niches (SCN) are placed in tissue areas at the lower end of this range ("hypoxic" SCN), to which stem cells are metabolically adapted and where they are selectively hosted. The data reported here indicated that driver oncogenic proteins of several leukemias are suppressed following cell incubation at oxygen concentration compatible with SCN physiology...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117258/lung-epithelial-response-to-cigarette-smoke-and-modulation-by-the-nicotinic-alpha-7-receptor
#12
Lorise C Gahring, Elizabeth J Myers, Diane M Dunn, Robert B Weiss, Scott W Rogers
Cigarette smoking (CS) is a principal contributor to a spectrum of devastating lung diseases whose occurrence and severity may vary between individuals and not appear for decades after prolonged use. One explanation for the variability and delay in disease onset is that nicotine, the addictive component of CS, acts through the ionotropic nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha7 (α7) to modulate anti-inflammatory protection. In this study we measured the impact α7 signaling has on the mouse distal lung response to side-stream CS exposure for mice of the control genotype (α7G) and those in which the α7-receptor signaling mechanisms are restricted by point mutation (α7E260A:G)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115823/an-overview-of-the-clinical-uses-pharmacology-and-safety-of-modafinil
#13
Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, André Barciela Veras, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Henning Budde, Sérgio Machado
Modafinil (MOD) is a drug used for the management of excessive daytime sleepiness observed in several sleep disturbances such as shift work sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome and narcolepsy. Additionally, a wide scope of medical uses of MOD have been described such as fatigue in subjects with depression as well as patients under chemotherapy. Moreover, there also appear to be a cognitive enhancer drug. In contrast, recent reports have indicated the risk of developing addiction to MOD...
November 8, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115703/moderators-of-response-to-sertraline-versus-placebo-among-recently-abstinent-cocaine-dependent-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-of-two-clinical-trials
#14
Maryam Bashiri, Michael J Mancino, Virginia A Stanick, Jeff Thostenson, Thomas R Kosten, Alison H Oliveto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Moderators of treatment response to serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline (SRT) for cocaine dependence were assessed in two randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials. METHODS: Generalized estimating equation modeling was performed on data from cocaine-dependent volunteers randomized to receive SRT or placebo (N = 126) who completed >2-week drug-free residential portions of the 12-week trials, in which subsequent outpatient treatment (weeks 3-12) included weekly cognitive behavioral therapy and thrice-weekly supervised urine toxicology...
November 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112519/methadone-versus-buprenorphine-for-opioid-use-dependence-and-risk-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#15
Lara S Lemon, Steve N Caritis, Raman Venkataramanan, Robert W Platt, Lisa M Bodnar
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to estimate the association between methadone and neonatal abstinence syndrome compared with buprenorphine using a probabilistic bias analysis to account for unmeasured confounding by severity of addiction. METHODS: We used a cohort of live-born infants exposed in utero to methadone or buprenorphine for maternal opioid maintenance therapy at Magee-Womens Hospital in Pittsburgh, PA from 2013-2015 (n=716). We determined exposure and outcome status using pharmacy billing claims...
November 6, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112194/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-a-novel-locus-for-cannabis-dependence
#16
A Agrawal, Y-L Chou, C E Carey, D A A Baranger, B Zhang, R Sherva, L Wetherill, M Kapoor, J-C Wang, S Bertelsen, A P Anokhin, V Hesselbrock, J Kramer, M T Lynskey, J L Meyers, J I Nurnberger, J P Rice, J Tischfield, L J Bierut, L Degenhardt, L A Farrer, J Gelernter, A R Hariri, A C Heath, H R Kranzler, P A F Madden, N G Martin, G W Montgomery, B Porjesz, T Wang, J B Whitfield, H J Edenberg, T Foroud, A M Goate, R Bogdan, E C Nelson
Despite moderate heritability, only one study has identified genome-wide significant loci for cannabis-related phenotypes. We conducted meta-analyses of genome-wide association study data on 2080 cannabis-dependent cases and 6435 cannabis-exposed controls of European descent. A cluster of correlated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a novel region on chromosome 10 was genome-wide significant (lowest P=1.3E-8). Among the SNPs, rs1409568 showed enrichment for H3K4me1 and H3K427ac marks, suggesting its role as an enhancer in addiction-relevant brain regions, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the angular and cingulate gyri...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110644/the-protective-role-of-religiosity-against-problem-gambling-findings-from-a-five-year-prospective-study
#17
Seema Mutti-Packer, David C Hodgins, Robert J Williams, Barna Konkolÿ Thege
BACKGROUND: Little research has examined the potential protective influence of religiosity against problem gambling; a common addictive behavior, and one with a host of associated negative health and social outcomes. The aims of this study were to examine (1) the potential longitudinal association between religiosity and problem gambling among adults and (2) the potential moderating role of gender on this association. METHODS: Data were from five waves of the Quinte Longitudinal Study (QLS), between 2006 and 2010...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108028/decreased-plasma-concentrations-of-bdnf-and-igf-1-in-abstinent-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorders
#18
Nuria García-Marchena, Daniel Silva-Peña, Ana Isabel Martín-Velasco, María Ángeles Villanúa, Pedro Araos, María Pedraz, Rosa Maza-Quiroga, Pablo Romero-Sanchiz, Gabriel Rubio, Estela Castilla-Ortega, Juan Suárez, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Antonia Serrano, Francisco Javier Pavón
The identification of growth factors as potential biomarkers in alcohol addiction may help to understand underlying mechanisms associated with the pathogenesis of alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Previous studies have linked growth factors to neural plasticity in neurocognitive impairment and mental disorders. In order to further clarify the impact of chronic alcohol consumption on circulating growth factors, a cross-sectional study was performed in abstinent AUD patients (alcohol group, N = 91) and healthy control subjects (control group, N = 55) to examine plasma concentrations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and IGF-1 binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107960/glutamine-deficiency-induces-dna-alkylation-damage-and-sensitizes-cancer-cells-to-alkylating-agents-through-inhibition-of-alkbh-enzymes
#19
Thai Q Tran, Mari B Ishak Gabra, Xazmin H Lowman, Ying Yang, Michael A Reid, Min Pan, Timothy R O'Connor, Mei Kong
Driven by oncogenic signaling, glutamine addiction exhibited by cancer cells often leads to severe glutamine depletion in solid tumors. Despite this nutritional environment that tumor cells often experience, the effect of glutamine deficiency on cellular responses to DNA damage and chemotherapeutic treatment remains unclear. Here, we show that glutamine deficiency, through the reduction of alpha-ketoglutarate, inhibits the AlkB homolog (ALKBH) enzymes activity and induces DNA alkylation damage. As a result, glutamine deprivation or glutaminase inhibitor treatment triggers DNA damage accumulation independent of cell death...
November 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106659/biological-and-psychological-factors-associated-with-smoking-abstinence-six-years-post-stroke
#20
Rosa Suñer-Soler, Armand Grau-Martín, Mikel Terceno, Yolanda Silva, Antoni Davalos, Juan Manuel Sánchez, Silvia Font-Mayolas, Eugenia Gras, Joana Rodrigo, Martha Kazimierczak, Carmen Malagón, Joaquín Serena
Introduction: Tobacco use is a public health problem causing high morbidity and mortality, including stroke. This study evaluates predictive factors of smoking cessation in the long term after stroke. Methods: We followed a cohort of 110 consecutive smokers with stroke for up to 6 years. Sociodemographic variables, stroke severity, insular involvement, stage of change in smoking habit before stroke and disruption of addiction variable (smoking cessation, absence of relapses, having stopped smoking without difficulties and not having had urge) were evaluated...
July 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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